Marriage Counseling Therapists in Jacksonville, FL

Photo of Dr. Tabitha Johnson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Dr. Tabitha Johnson
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32257
Are you facing the possibility of a marriage or relationship breakup? Do you excel in many areas of life, but have issues in your romantic relationship? Do you feel stuck, and don't know how to fix things? If you're struggling with communication, conflict resolution, infidelity, or intimacy problems, I'd love to help you get things back on track and help you experience the thriving love life you deserve. I've helped hundreds of couples headed toward divorce fall in love again and experience a successful marriage, and I'd love to help you too.
Are you facing the possibility of a marriage or relationship breakup? Do you excel in many areas of life, but have issues in your romantic relationship? Do you feel stuck, and don't know how to fix things? If you're struggling with communication, conflict resolution, infidelity, or intimacy problems, I'd love to help you get things back on track and help you experience the thriving love life you deserve. I've helped hundreds of couples headed toward divorce fall in love again and experience a successful marriage, and I'd love to help you too.
(904) 503-6256 View (904) 503-6256
Photo of Aquarius N Cox, Licensed Professional Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Aquarius N Cox
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32244  (Online Only)
I have helped adolescent and adult clients with anxiety, depression, family conflict, marital issues, gender dysphoria, ADHD, substance use and more.
Taking new clients. Sliding scale fee for private pay. Accept most insurances. I am an overcomer. Let me help you to overcome as well. Your story is important and needs to be told. If you are struggling with the motivation for day-to-day life functioning, feeling overwhelmed or a little sadder than usual or perhaps you have some challenges that you need some guidance with, therapy may be best for you.
I have helped adolescent and adult clients with anxiety, depression, family conflict, marital issues, gender dysphoria, ADHD, substance use and more.
Taking new clients. Sliding scale fee for private pay. Accept most insurances. I am an overcomer. Let me help you to overcome as well. Your story is important and needs to be told. If you are struggling with the motivation for day-to-day life functioning, feeling overwhelmed or a little sadder than usual or perhaps you have some challenges that you need some guidance with, therapy may be best for you.
(904) 601-1145 View (904) 601-1145
Photo of Gina Torchon, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Gina Torchon
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32225
Welcome! My name is Gina Torchon and I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in the state of Florida. I provide counseling to individuals and couples in areas such as anxiety, depression, marital/pre-marital issues, coping skills, divorce, and mood disorders, amongst other. My approach is supportive and mindfulness-based, utilizing several modalities including CBT, DBT, Psychoanalysis, and Interpersonal.
Welcome! My name is Gina Torchon and I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in the state of Florida. I provide counseling to individuals and couples in areas such as anxiety, depression, marital/pre-marital issues, coping skills, divorce, and mood disorders, amongst other. My approach is supportive and mindfulness-based, utilizing several modalities including CBT, DBT, Psychoanalysis, and Interpersonal.
(904) 694-5034 View (904) 694-5034
Photo of Michele Nicole Bradford, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Michele Nicole Bradford
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32209  (Online Only)
The journey of healing at times requires support, sacred listening, and gentle guidance. Michele specializes in working with adults who are experiencing the challenging effects of grief, trauma, increased stress & anxiety, relationship issues, self-esteem, and Identity issues. Michele has been supporting individuals therapeutically for 20 years. She has a Bachelor’s in Psychology, a dual Master’s in Marriage & Family Therapy and School Counseling, as well as a certification in Spiritual Counseling & Companioning.
The journey of healing at times requires support, sacred listening, and gentle guidance. Michele specializes in working with adults who are experiencing the challenging effects of grief, trauma, increased stress & anxiety, relationship issues, self-esteem, and Identity issues. Michele has been supporting individuals therapeutically for 20 years. She has a Bachelor’s in Psychology, a dual Master’s in Marriage & Family Therapy and School Counseling, as well as a certification in Spiritual Counseling & Companioning.
(904) 775-7892 View (904) 775-7892
Photo of TheraFit, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
TheraFit
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32257
Migliara is a Florida and New York Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, a National and State Certified Addictions Specialist, and a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional.
At TheraFit we help our clients learn to Live Well. Live Free. Live MentalFit. Through our services and programs, you will experience the GAINS (Growth mindset, Accept your authentic self, Invest time in you, Never give up, Success awaits) you have been searching for to live a life you deserve. TheraFit offers Individual, Couples and Marriage Counseling, Performance Coaching, an Intensive MentalFit Program, and Leadership Trainings and Seminars to businesses. Contact us today to learn more and start the next chapter of your journey today!
Migliara is a Florida and New York Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist, a National and State Certified Addictions Specialist, and a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional.
At TheraFit we help our clients learn to Live Well. Live Free. Live MentalFit. Through our services and programs, you will experience the GAINS (Growth mindset, Accept your authentic self, Invest time in you, Never give up, Success awaits) you have been searching for to live a life you deserve. TheraFit offers Individual, Couples and Marriage Counseling, Performance Coaching, an Intensive MentalFit Program, and Leadership Trainings and Seminars to businesses. Contact us today to learn more and start the next chapter of your journey today!
(904) 769-5426 View (904) 769-5426
Photo of Erika Wynn, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Erika Wynn
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMHC, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32219  (Online Only)
My Masters is in Clinical Mental Health Counseling with a specialization in Marriage in Family.
Psst! Hey you! Yes you! Look at you taking your first step in caring for your needs. So, what's next? Search through profiles and see if someone is a good fit for you. First step is to determine your needs. Is it individual? Is it family? Lucky for you I do both! What outcomes do you want to achieve? Let's set some goals together. Remember every therapist won't be a right fit for you and that's OK. You are the expert of your own life so take your time and let's get it right!
My Masters is in Clinical Mental Health Counseling with a specialization in Marriage in Family.
Psst! Hey you! Yes you! Look at you taking your first step in caring for your needs. So, what's next? Search through profiles and see if someone is a good fit for you. First step is to determine your needs. Is it individual? Is it family? Lucky for you I do both! What outcomes do you want to achieve? Let's set some goals together. Remember every therapist won't be a right fit for you and that's OK. You are the expert of your own life so take your time and let's get it right!
(904) 204-2564 View (904) 204-2564
Photo of Lisa Angel, Counseling/Supervision LLC, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Lisa Angel, Counseling/Supervision LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, BS, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32223  (Online Only)
I am a Marriage & Family Therapist, however, my qualifications and education allow me to widen my scope of treatment.
Sometimes it's hard to reach out for help. There are pressures to perform, to look like we have no emotional or physical pain. Many of us are guarded and have our walls up because we have been hurt so badly. Some might say that you're not strong because you need to see a therapist, or you've been taught not to air your dirty laundry. I'm here to encourage you that there is virtually nothing that can't be helped in a good client therapist relationship. Timing is very important too. My ideal client is ready to enter into therapy. They are willing to try new skills to meet their goals in therapy, and enjoys a direct approach.
I am a Marriage & Family Therapist, however, my qualifications and education allow me to widen my scope of treatment.
Sometimes it's hard to reach out for help. There are pressures to perform, to look like we have no emotional or physical pain. Many of us are guarded and have our walls up because we have been hurt so badly. Some might say that you're not strong because you need to see a therapist, or you've been taught not to air your dirty laundry. I'm here to encourage you that there is virtually nothing that can't be helped in a good client therapist relationship. Timing is very important too. My ideal client is ready to enter into therapy. They are willing to try new skills to meet their goals in therapy, and enjoys a direct approach.
(904) 572-7112 View (904) 572-7112
Photo of Open Arms Counseling Center, LLC, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Open Arms Counseling Center, LLC
Counselor, MA, LMHC, NCMHCE
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32223
Gottman Theory for Couples is a proven theory that helps build a sound relationship by learning communication skills that benefits each partner in the marriage.
We believe each individual has unique needs, and requires an individual plan. We specialize in anxiety, mood disorders, trauma issues, depression, eating disorders, relationships, and other areas. We are certified in Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Level 3 Trained Gottman Therapy for Couples, in addition to other treatment modalities. Our goal is for each person to have a positive growth experience of change and be able to interact openly during our time together. We are here to help individuals and families of any age.
Gottman Theory for Couples is a proven theory that helps build a sound relationship by learning communication skills that benefits each partner in the marriage.
We believe each individual has unique needs, and requires an individual plan. We specialize in anxiety, mood disorders, trauma issues, depression, eating disorders, relationships, and other areas. We are certified in Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Level 3 Trained Gottman Therapy for Couples, in addition to other treatment modalities. Our goal is for each person to have a positive growth experience of change and be able to interact openly during our time together. We are here to help individuals and families of any age.
(904) 853-3016 View (904) 853-3016
Photo of Anthony Marler, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Anthony Marler
Counselor, MAMFT, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32225
Evening sessions available. Anthony Marler, LMHC specializes in couples therapy (Marriage Counseling). He helps couples improve their relationships and communication. He also sees individuals to help with emotional healing and increased coping skills with those who've experienced trauma. He assists men with regaining control of their lives from the addictive nature of pornography.
Evening sessions available. Anthony Marler, LMHC specializes in couples therapy (Marriage Counseling). He helps couples improve their relationships and communication. He also sees individuals to help with emotional healing and increased coping skills with those who've experienced trauma. He assists men with regaining control of their lives from the addictive nature of pornography.
(904) 637-7694 View (904) 637-7694
Photo of Counseling and Consulting Psychology, Psychologist in Jacksonville, FL
Counseling and Consulting Psychology
Psychologist, PhD, ABPP
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32207  (Online Only)
I have found success in treating adults who have suffered from anxiety and depression, low self -esteem, relational issues (marital.
Want to feel better, improve your mood, become less anxious in groups or stop panic attacks, mend a broken relationship, boast your sagging self-esteem? Whatever troubles you or blocks your full potential, give me a call and we can discuss possible solutions. Reach out and get the help your need as many of the issues that you're facing can often be resolved with even brief therapy or counseling. But you have to take the first step, so call or click to start the process.
I have found success in treating adults who have suffered from anxiety and depression, low self -esteem, relational issues (marital.
Want to feel better, improve your mood, become less anxious in groups or stop panic attacks, mend a broken relationship, boast your sagging self-esteem? Whatever troubles you or blocks your full potential, give me a call and we can discuss possible solutions. Reach out and get the help your need as many of the issues that you're facing can often be resolved with even brief therapy or counseling. But you have to take the first step, so call or click to start the process.
(904) 478-1703 View (904) 478-1703
Photo of Shirley Ann Richardson, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Shirley Ann Richardson
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32217
I have worked many years with children, military families,college students, and individuals who struggle with depression, anxiety and PTSD just to name a few. Additionally,I have worked with couples through premarital stages, marital difficulties, divorce, and life after divorce. My work history also include helping families work through various dynamics, adolescent difficulties, and individuals who have found themselves in the criminal justice system.
I have worked many years with children, military families,college students, and individuals who struggle with depression, anxiety and PTSD just to name a few. Additionally,I have worked with couples through premarital stages, marital difficulties, divorce, and life after divorce. My work history also include helping families work through various dynamics, adolescent difficulties, and individuals who have found themselves in the criminal justice system.
(904) 474-5594 View (904) 474-5594
Photo of Laura Daniel, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Laura Daniel
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32216
My name is Laura and I’m a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist.
You may find yourself here, feeling completely disconnected and distant from your partner. They're the person you used to tell everything to, who used to bring butterflies to your stomach; but you’re sitting back, looking at your relationship now, wondering how you two got here. Your once soul-mate has somehow become nothing more than your roommate - going through the motions to get through another day. You’re tired of the fighting, of the eye-rolls, but most of all, tired of the silence. You feel like you’ve tried everything.
My name is Laura and I’m a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist.
You may find yourself here, feeling completely disconnected and distant from your partner. They're the person you used to tell everything to, who used to bring butterflies to your stomach; but you’re sitting back, looking at your relationship now, wondering how you two got here. Your once soul-mate has somehow become nothing more than your roommate - going through the motions to get through another day. You’re tired of the fighting, of the eye-rolls, but most of all, tired of the silence. You feel like you’ve tried everything.
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Photo of Philemon Ministry Of Counseling Academy, Pastoral Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Philemon Ministry Of Counseling Academy
Pastoral Counselor, PhD
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32219
I help individuals from a Christ Centered Therapy Model, addressing the body, soul, and spiritual factors from the science of psychology integrated with theology to treat chronic disorders, marriage problems, premarital initiatives, human development, gender dysphoria, sexual addiction, alcohol addiction, drug addiction, sexual abuse, conflict factors.
I'm a Licensed Clinical Pastoral Counselor and Board Certified as a Temperament Specialist and Clinical Supervisor by the National Christian Counselors Association. In addition, I'm Supreme Court Certified County, Family, and Circuit-Civil Mediator and Court appointed Child Custody Evaluator; Certified Thinking for a Change Facilitator. Also, I facilitate and provides counseling and coping mechanism, and adjustments techniques to the reentry individuals transitioning from jails and prisons as well as helping their family members with the life adjustments and understanding chronic disorders, pharmacological regimens and management.
I help individuals from a Christ Centered Therapy Model, addressing the body, soul, and spiritual factors from the science of psychology integrated with theology to treat chronic disorders, marriage problems, premarital initiatives, human development, gender dysphoria, sexual addiction, alcohol addiction, drug addiction, sexual abuse, conflict factors.
I'm a Licensed Clinical Pastoral Counselor and Board Certified as a Temperament Specialist and Clinical Supervisor by the National Christian Counselors Association. In addition, I'm Supreme Court Certified County, Family, and Circuit-Civil Mediator and Court appointed Child Custody Evaluator; Certified Thinking for a Change Facilitator. Also, I facilitate and provides counseling and coping mechanism, and adjustments techniques to the reentry individuals transitioning from jails and prisons as well as helping their family members with the life adjustments and understanding chronic disorders, pharmacological regimens and management.
(904) 344-0689 View (904) 344-0689
Photo of Jennifer R Lehman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Jennifer R Lehman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MS, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32258
Waitlist for new clients
I have specialized interest in treating male centered issues, including disconnection within marriage, infidelity, and male shame.
I approach things differently, blending psychotherapy with intuition. I have extensive training in the treatment of trauma, anxiety, and depression, as well as energy psychology. Some fundamental questions in our work together will be: how does fear control your life? what causes you to stay stuck in unhealthy patterns? Digging into these patterns is our launchpad. But tapping into your intuition and your higher self is a game changer. Fear will no longer be in charge of your mind. My passion is to help you connect the dots in your own life and really trust yourself.
I have specialized interest in treating male centered issues, including disconnection within marriage, infidelity, and male shame.
I approach things differently, blending psychotherapy with intuition. I have extensive training in the treatment of trauma, anxiety, and depression, as well as energy psychology. Some fundamental questions in our work together will be: how does fear control your life? what causes you to stay stuck in unhealthy patterns? Digging into these patterns is our launchpad. But tapping into your intuition and your higher self is a game changer. Fear will no longer be in charge of your mind. My passion is to help you connect the dots in your own life and really trust yourself.
(904) 204-2868 View (904) 204-2868
Photo of Lee Brown, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Lee Brown
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32216
Do you feel stuck in your relationship? Do you feel as though your relationship is falling apart? Relationships can be tough, whether dating for months or married for decades. Why is it that communication can be so challenging - that thing that you do so well all day with others becomes seemingly impossible with your closest relationship. If you struggle with clear communication, conflict resolution, trust, infidelity, or just feeling like roommates I can help you. I have helped hundreds of couples rediscover the vibrancy and joy in marriage and I would like to help you as well. Do more than survive, thrive in your relationship.
Do you feel stuck in your relationship? Do you feel as though your relationship is falling apart? Relationships can be tough, whether dating for months or married for decades. Why is it that communication can be so challenging - that thing that you do so well all day with others becomes seemingly impossible with your closest relationship. If you struggle with clear communication, conflict resolution, trust, infidelity, or just feeling like roommates I can help you. I have helped hundreds of couples rediscover the vibrancy and joy in marriage and I would like to help you as well. Do more than survive, thrive in your relationship.
(904) 467-8804 View (904) 467-8804
Photo of Freda D Doxey, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Freda D Doxey
Counselor, MA, LMHC, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Are you overwhelmed with life? Struggle with loneliness, anger, anxiety, depression, job stress, marital conflict, parenting issues, or some type of addiction? As a licensed mental health counselor, I am available to work with you in changing challenges into opportunities so you can live life to your full potential. Many of my clients, including couples, athletes and veterans, are now enjoying a stress-less life and making significant progress in their relationships, careers and life.
Are you overwhelmed with life? Struggle with loneliness, anger, anxiety, depression, job stress, marital conflict, parenting issues, or some type of addiction? As a licensed mental health counselor, I am available to work with you in changing challenges into opportunities so you can live life to your full potential. Many of my clients, including couples, athletes and veterans, are now enjoying a stress-less life and making significant progress in their relationships, careers and life.
(904) 245-1437 View (904) 245-1437
Photo of Dr. Steve Barsky, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Dr. Steve Barsky
Marriage & Family Therapist, PsyD, LCSW, LMFT
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32217
I have over 40 years of clinical experience. Initially, I worked and trained with psychiatrists at a psychiatric training hospital affiliated with the University of Miami for 11 years. I have a doctorate degree in Clinical Psychology and 2 State of Florida licenses to practice psychotherapy and marital and family therapy. I have had my own personal psychoanalysis that better serves you. I've maintained my own private practice over 40 years as well. Therapy is serious and important work. I treat it as such. I help people who have individual personal emotional issues as well as having tumultuous relationship problems.
I have over 40 years of clinical experience. Initially, I worked and trained with psychiatrists at a psychiatric training hospital affiliated with the University of Miami for 11 years. I have a doctorate degree in Clinical Psychology and 2 State of Florida licenses to practice psychotherapy and marital and family therapy. I have had my own personal psychoanalysis that better serves you. I've maintained my own private practice over 40 years as well. Therapy is serious and important work. I treat it as such. I help people who have individual personal emotional issues as well as having tumultuous relationship problems.
(904) 712-2679 View (904) 712-2679
Photo of Richard E. Nay, Psychologist in Jacksonville, FL
Richard E. Nay
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32223  (Online Only)
I have worked extensively with both individual clients, as well as couples. I specialize in helping clients with the following issues: affective disorders (e.g., depression), anxiety problems, and marital issues. I frequently work with helping clients to rapidly resolve trauma issues, including childhood abuse. I also work with with stress issues, health psychology, and sleep problems. The full range of psychological testing, including intelligence and personality testing, is also available. Many of my clients are self-pay (to avoid insurance hassles), but I do accept Medicare, Tricare, and some PPO plans.
I have worked extensively with both individual clients, as well as couples. I specialize in helping clients with the following issues: affective disorders (e.g., depression), anxiety problems, and marital issues. I frequently work with helping clients to rapidly resolve trauma issues, including childhood abuse. I also work with with stress issues, health psychology, and sleep problems. The full range of psychological testing, including intelligence and personality testing, is also available. Many of my clients are self-pay (to avoid insurance hassles), but I do accept Medicare, Tricare, and some PPO plans.
(904) 404-5215 View (904) 404-5215
Photo of Dr. Juanita Bruno, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Dr. Juanita Bruno
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32257
Dr. Juanita Bruno is a bilingual (English, Creole) Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) with over 17 years of experience working with individuals, couples, and families who are experiencing difficulties in their life related to phase of life changes, transitional phases, trauma, anxiety, relational issues, women's issues, and more. Dr. Bruno has also worked with family members and their support systems regarding substance abuse and recovery processes.
Dr. Juanita Bruno is a bilingual (English, Creole) Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) with over 17 years of experience working with individuals, couples, and families who are experiencing difficulties in their life related to phase of life changes, transitional phases, trauma, anxiety, relational issues, women's issues, and more. Dr. Bruno has also worked with family members and their support systems regarding substance abuse and recovery processes.
(904) 320-1627 View (904) 320-1627
Photo of Allison Teger, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Allison Teger
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32216
Specialties include Marriage & Family Therapy, Trauma, Anxiety, Depression.
At times individuals or couples struggle with personal issues that may leave you feeling confused, frustrated, powerless, or unsure of what steps to take next. I believe that therapists and clients work together to figure out the best solution to your problems. My job is to provide a safe and caring environment where I foster your ability to find new solutions. I have been working in the mental health field since 1997. I work with couples, individuals, families, and teenagers.
Specialties include Marriage & Family Therapy, Trauma, Anxiety, Depression.
At times individuals or couples struggle with personal issues that may leave you feeling confused, frustrated, powerless, or unsure of what steps to take next. I believe that therapists and clients work together to figure out the best solution to your problems. My job is to provide a safe and caring environment where I foster your ability to find new solutions. I have been working in the mental health field since 1997. I work with couples, individuals, families, and teenagers.
(904) 637-1122 View (904) 637-1122

See more therapy options for Jacksonville

Marriage Counseling Therapists

How does marriage counseling work?

Marriage counseling works by teaching couples concrete skills to communicate with one another and solve disagreements in healthy ways. A trained mental health professional works with both members of a couple to explore difficulties the couple may be having and helps them develop skills to address these matters. Couples who don’t have any difficulties but want to prepare for marriage may develop skills for the future.

How long does marriage counseling typically last?

Marriage counseling is a short-term form of therapy; the process may last between four and eight sessions. Other forms of relationship guidance from mental health professionals, such as couples therapy, are longer lasting, may focus on the past rather than just the present, and are tailored to the individual couple and their emotions, history, and patterns in the relationship. Couples therapy often lasts for 12 weeks or longer.

Is marriage counseling effective?

Marriage counseling helps many couples develop relationship skills that may not have been acquired or tested in a relationship; partners may be better able to communicate and address conflict following counseling. However, there are many different forms of marriage counseling, and this form of counseling does not have as strong an evidence base as other modalities such as couples therapy.

Is marriage counseling effective if only one partner wants to go?

Yes, marriage counseling can still be effective if one partner convinces the other to engage in the process. Of course, whether counseling is effective depends on the couple’s commitment to work on their relationship; however, the short-term, skills-based nature of marriage counseling makes it a relatively easy “ask” of a partner, and the hesitant individual may see its value once counseling begins.