Therapists in Jacksonville, FL

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Photo of Chelita Holland, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Chelita Holland
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Humanistic approach designed to support each individual optimize their strengths, find balance within their daily lives, as well as identify and pursue their personal goals.
Humanistic approach designed to support each individual optimize their strengths, find balance within their daily lives, as well as identify and pursue their personal goals.
(904) 944-6545 View (904) 944-6545
Photo of Guadalupe Luis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Guadalupe Luis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32244  (Online Only)
I believe therapy should be a dynamic process enhanced by a genuine and transparent client-therapist relationship. I’m a Latinx clinician with over 10 years of experience treating adults and seniors. I specialize in women issues, depression, anxiety, veterans and military lifestyle issues as well as supporting clients through life transitions and chronic illnesses. I adopt a solution-focused therapeutic model while maintaining a client-centered philosophy.
I believe therapy should be a dynamic process enhanced by a genuine and transparent client-therapist relationship. I’m a Latinx clinician with over 10 years of experience treating adults and seniors. I specialize in women issues, depression, anxiety, veterans and military lifestyle issues as well as supporting clients through life transitions and chronic illnesses. I adopt a solution-focused therapeutic model while maintaining a client-centered philosophy.
(904) 552-3483 View (904) 552-3483
Photo of Albert W Lamoureux, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Albert W Lamoureux
Counselor, MA, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32217
Most people seeking counseling, first and foremost want to be heard. We live in a high stress world and many of us struggle with past trauma, relationship issues and feeling overstressed and overburdened. They want to be understood and learn how to effectively problem solve as well as seek deeper healing from past hurts in many instances.
Most people seeking counseling, first and foremost want to be heard. We live in a high stress world and many of us struggle with past trauma, relationship issues and feeling overstressed and overburdened. They want to be understood and learn how to effectively problem solve as well as seek deeper healing from past hurts in many instances.
(904) 877-4271 View (904) 877-4271
Photo of Katherine Sandifer, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Katherine Sandifer
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32217
We are all brimming with contradictions. "Who am I, really, myself?" is a question that haunts every one of us, even if we're unaware. We compose a simpler personage to escape the vertigo of our tangled complexities. The whole of social life is like a game, a continual camouflage, which serves as a diversion, but is like an enslavement we cannot tear ourselves from. Every society and movement acquires its own vocabulary and code of behavior (one doesn't notice if one is on the inside). Outside of close intimacy real honesty seems utopian.
We are all brimming with contradictions. "Who am I, really, myself?" is a question that haunts every one of us, even if we're unaware. We compose a simpler personage to escape the vertigo of our tangled complexities. The whole of social life is like a game, a continual camouflage, which serves as a diversion, but is like an enslavement we cannot tear ourselves from. Every society and movement acquires its own vocabulary and code of behavior (one doesn't notice if one is on the inside). Outside of close intimacy real honesty seems utopian.
(904) 834-4045 View (904) 834-4045
Photo of Lauren Renee Cunningwood, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Lauren Renee Cunningwood
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, QS
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32256
Waitlist for new clients
Visit GreenhouseTherapyServices.com for scheduling and waitlist. I’m here to support your desire for personal growth, healing, and self-discovery. I'm interested in working with concerns such as anxiety, depression, stress, grief, and trauma. I also have a special passion for working with folks “outside the norm”. I’m LGBTQI+ friendly, neurodivergent affirming, and supportive of non-traditional family structures (ethical non-monogamy, queer, platonic life partnerships, etc.). You will find me to be warm, non-judgmental, and realistic. I am a Qualified Supervisor offering clinical supervision for clinical social worker interns.
Visit GreenhouseTherapyServices.com for scheduling and waitlist. I’m here to support your desire for personal growth, healing, and self-discovery. I'm interested in working with concerns such as anxiety, depression, stress, grief, and trauma. I also have a special passion for working with folks “outside the norm”. I’m LGBTQI+ friendly, neurodivergent affirming, and supportive of non-traditional family structures (ethical non-monogamy, queer, platonic life partnerships, etc.). You will find me to be warm, non-judgmental, and realistic. I am a Qualified Supervisor offering clinical supervision for clinical social worker interns.
(904) 842-4400 View (904) 842-4400
Photo of Carmen del Valle-Izurieta, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Carmen del Valle-Izurieta
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32257
According to the German philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche, “That which does not kill us makes us stronger.” I disagree! Instead, trauma, if left unprocessed/untreated, it has the potential to cause unnecessary and significant mental distress. Throughout our lives, we, the vast majority of us, may experience traumatic events (micro and/or macro). During these trauma(s)—our role is simple—Survival. After the event(s), when we find ourselves on the other side of the trauma(s), again—our role is simple—To Go On With Life.
According to the German philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche, “That which does not kill us makes us stronger.” I disagree! Instead, trauma, if left unprocessed/untreated, it has the potential to cause unnecessary and significant mental distress. Throughout our lives, we, the vast majority of us, may experience traumatic events (micro and/or macro). During these trauma(s)—our role is simple—Survival. After the event(s), when we find ourselves on the other side of the trauma(s), again—our role is simple—To Go On With Life.
(904) 944-5701 View (904) 944-5701
Photo of Settra L Moore, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Settra L Moore
Counselor, MA, MHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32211
Are you feeling discouraged, depressed, overwhelmed with stress and anxiety? Are you struggling in your relationships and can’t seem to move pass your past? I want you to know I am here to help you. Life challenges hits hard sometimes and can last much longer than we would like them to be. Therapy can provide the help you need to move from challenges to freedom so you can live a more healthier life one day at a time.
Are you feeling discouraged, depressed, overwhelmed with stress and anxiety? Are you struggling in your relationships and can’t seem to move pass your past? I want you to know I am here to help you. Life challenges hits hard sometimes and can last much longer than we would like them to be. Therapy can provide the help you need to move from challenges to freedom so you can live a more healthier life one day at a time.
(904) 853-8650 View (904) 853-8650
Photo of Tammy McBride, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Jacksonville, FL
Tammy McBride
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210
Tammy McBride is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC) with over 5 years of professional experience. Tammy has worked with adults and children with a variety of mental health diagnoses and specializes in children with behavioral issues (ODD, ADHD, DMDD) and adults with a history of trauma. Tammy has worked with veterans and adults who face PTSD, depression, anxiety, and other issues that impact their lives so they can heal from their trauma and eliminate symptoms that are impacting their lives.
Tammy McBride is a Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC) with over 5 years of professional experience. Tammy has worked with adults and children with a variety of mental health diagnoses and specializes in children with behavioral issues (ODD, ADHD, DMDD) and adults with a history of trauma. Tammy has worked with veterans and adults who face PTSD, depression, anxiety, and other issues that impact their lives so they can heal from their trauma and eliminate symptoms that are impacting their lives.
(904) 867-3231 View (904) 867-3231
Photo of Nikeda Burphy, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Nikeda Burphy
Counselor, LMHC, RPT, QS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32224
I firmly believe that building a successful therapy practice is rooted in establishing strong connections with my clients. As a therapist, I approach counseling with the belief that each individual is unique and deserving of support. My goal is to create a safe, nonjudgmental, welcoming space where clients can make positive changes and restore wellness.
I firmly believe that building a successful therapy practice is rooted in establishing strong connections with my clients. As a therapist, I approach counseling with the belief that each individual is unique and deserving of support. My goal is to create a safe, nonjudgmental, welcoming space where clients can make positive changes and restore wellness.
(904) 432-3054 View (904) 432-3054
Photo of Blue Phoenix Counseling Kimberly M Mitchell, Licensed Mental Health Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Blue Phoenix Counseling Kimberly M Mitchell
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32223
Are you struggling with knowing what to do now? Have you tried everything you know to do without success? When you are struggling in your relationships, career, parenting, or your relationship with yourself, it is not always easy to know where to turn. I am dedicated to helping you gain the skills and insight needed to help you grow. Treatment is always determined in collaboration with your goals in mind and is focused on enhancing strengths, finding solutions to challenges, and empowering you to do what is best for you and your families.
Are you struggling with knowing what to do now? Have you tried everything you know to do without success? When you are struggling in your relationships, career, parenting, or your relationship with yourself, it is not always easy to know where to turn. I am dedicated to helping you gain the skills and insight needed to help you grow. Treatment is always determined in collaboration with your goals in mind and is focused on enhancing strengths, finding solutions to challenges, and empowering you to do what is best for you and your families.
(904) 649-9771 View (904) 649-9771
Photo of Christy Brown, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Christy Brown
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Making the choice to come to therapy is an important decision. Apart from the clinical training and skill of your counselor, the most important part of your experience is the therapeutic relationship. Most people who come to counseling need to talk about things that can be hard to talk about with someone else. I understand that, and this is why I put so much importance on building a trusting relationship. In order for you to say everything exactly how you mean it and to express yourself fully, you need to feel genuinely safe and free from judgment.
Making the choice to come to therapy is an important decision. Apart from the clinical training and skill of your counselor, the most important part of your experience is the therapeutic relationship. Most people who come to counseling need to talk about things that can be hard to talk about with someone else. I understand that, and this is why I put so much importance on building a trusting relationship. In order for you to say everything exactly how you mean it and to express yourself fully, you need to feel genuinely safe and free from judgment.
(904) 638-6407 View (904) 638-6407
Photo of Karen M Hanson, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Karen M Hanson
Counselor, MA, MEd, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32207
Not accepting new clients
Are you ready, willing, and able to challenge yourself, to acknowledge symptoms, and make the necessary shifts in thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and actions, to change your current circumstances? I'm your therapeutic partner to assist you in your discovery, exploring, and healing process. Learn to manage anxiety, depression, trauma, and other mental health symptoms. With acceptance, respect, and firm gentle nudges (with a little humor mixed in), together we can enhance your self-insight so you can gain clarity, learn symptom-management skills, heal from the past/present, and find the correct life balance to enjoy life again. It's time
Are you ready, willing, and able to challenge yourself, to acknowledge symptoms, and make the necessary shifts in thoughts, feelings, beliefs, and actions, to change your current circumstances? I'm your therapeutic partner to assist you in your discovery, exploring, and healing process. Learn to manage anxiety, depression, trauma, and other mental health symptoms. With acceptance, respect, and firm gentle nudges (with a little humor mixed in), together we can enhance your self-insight so you can gain clarity, learn symptom-management skills, heal from the past/present, and find the correct life balance to enjoy life again. It's time
(904) 692-7131 View (904) 692-7131
Photo of Merland Baker, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Merland Baker
Counselor, MS, LMHC-QS, LPC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32217
Albert Einstein once said, “The measure of intelligence is the ability to change.” If you are seeking to make lasting change then I encourage you to find a trained professional. Family can give advice, friends can listen, but a licensed therapist can give you help to overcome your situation. It may sound like a cliché but Michael Jackson was right, “You are not alone” and you are not. Let us walk with you to help with your relationship roller coaster, family fall-out, as you go through grief, turmoil with your teen or child, or rebuild from a bad break-up. For more information go to blackmaletherapist.net. Reach out today!
Albert Einstein once said, “The measure of intelligence is the ability to change.” If you are seeking to make lasting change then I encourage you to find a trained professional. Family can give advice, friends can listen, but a licensed therapist can give you help to overcome your situation. It may sound like a cliché but Michael Jackson was right, “You are not alone” and you are not. Let us walk with you to help with your relationship roller coaster, family fall-out, as you go through grief, turmoil with your teen or child, or rebuild from a bad break-up. For more information go to blackmaletherapist.net. Reach out today!
(904) 447-5931 View (904) 447-5931
Photo of Terrell Gunter, Pre-Licensed Professional in Jacksonville, FL
Terrell Gunter
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210  (Online Only)
Terrell Gunter is a Licensed Master Social Worker in the state of South Carolina and he completed his Master of Social Work at the University of South Carolina. He has experience treating several challenges, including family/relationship problems, sexual abuse, PTSD, low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression. No matter if this is your first time in therapy or if you’ve seen counselor(s) in the past, finding someone you can trust can be a challenging process. Terrell understands this, and encourages regular feedback from clients to make sure that their needs are being met and to help them continue to make progress.
Terrell Gunter is a Licensed Master Social Worker in the state of South Carolina and he completed his Master of Social Work at the University of South Carolina. He has experience treating several challenges, including family/relationship problems, sexual abuse, PTSD, low self-esteem, anxiety, and depression. No matter if this is your first time in therapy or if you’ve seen counselor(s) in the past, finding someone you can trust can be a challenging process. Terrell understands this, and encourages regular feedback from clients to make sure that their needs are being met and to help them continue to make progress.
(904) 644-1921 View (904) 644-1921
Photo of Dr. Noelia Ysern Solá, Psychologist in Jacksonville, FL
Dr. Noelia Ysern Solá
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32207  (Online Only)
Do you feel different and misunderstood? Does it feel like a struggle to make sense of things? As a latinx, I have often struggled to find my place in a world that feels difficult to navigate. However, nothing makes me more proud than being me, and I want to help you feel better about yourself. My work as a therapist has been guided by fierce passion and compassion. I strongly believe we all have a place in the world, and that we not only fit, but we benefit it with our presence. Safety, empathy, and understanding are values that guide my practice as we work together to heal, grow, and help you understand the world around you.
Do you feel different and misunderstood? Does it feel like a struggle to make sense of things? As a latinx, I have often struggled to find my place in a world that feels difficult to navigate. However, nothing makes me more proud than being me, and I want to help you feel better about yourself. My work as a therapist has been guided by fierce passion and compassion. I strongly believe we all have a place in the world, and that we not only fit, but we benefit it with our presence. Safety, empathy, and understanding are values that guide my practice as we work together to heal, grow, and help you understand the world around you.
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Photo of Aaron Percoco, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Jacksonville, FL
Aaron Percoco
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, RMHCI
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32217
This message is for kiddos and adults: Do you have trouble fitting in? Do you have difficulty finding your place in the world? Are you turned away by your peers because of your unique interests or personality? Have you been diagnosed with ADHD or Autism Spectrum Disorder, or do you suspect that you are neurodivergent? Do you want to build a community of peers who love and appreciate you? Is it exhausting for you to try new things? It's so hard to survive and thrive in a world that isn't made for you. Talk to someone who understands and validates your unique struggle and can help you navigate the challenges of a neurotypical world!
This message is for kiddos and adults: Do you have trouble fitting in? Do you have difficulty finding your place in the world? Are you turned away by your peers because of your unique interests or personality? Have you been diagnosed with ADHD or Autism Spectrum Disorder, or do you suspect that you are neurodivergent? Do you want to build a community of peers who love and appreciate you? Is it exhausting for you to try new things? It's so hard to survive and thrive in a world that isn't made for you. Talk to someone who understands and validates your unique struggle and can help you navigate the challenges of a neurotypical world!
(904) 478-1618 View (904) 478-1618
Photo of Dr. Jasmine Bolling, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Jacksonville, FL
Dr. Jasmine Bolling
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32256
Welcome to my profile! I'm Dr. Jasmine Bolling, a passionate and dedicated person-centered therapist with five years of experience in helping individuals navigate life's challenges. My approach to therapy is rooted in empathy, authenticity, and unconditional positive regard for each individual. I believe in creating a safe, nonjudgmental space where clients can explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences at their own pace. I look forward to walking alongside you on this empowering journey of self-discovery and growth.
Welcome to my profile! I'm Dr. Jasmine Bolling, a passionate and dedicated person-centered therapist with five years of experience in helping individuals navigate life's challenges. My approach to therapy is rooted in empathy, authenticity, and unconditional positive regard for each individual. I believe in creating a safe, nonjudgmental space where clients can explore their thoughts, feelings, and experiences at their own pace. I look forward to walking alongside you on this empowering journey of self-discovery and growth.
(904) 736-6081 View (904) 736-6081
Photo of Vason Jabbok Manonmani, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Vason Jabbok Manonmani
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32211  (Online Only)
Hi there, I am Vason Manonmani. Do you feel pulled in a million directions, unable to fit it all in? Are you struggling to keep up with your relationships, work, and health? Is it hard to be kind to yourself? Are you still haunted by your traumatic past?
Hi there, I am Vason Manonmani. Do you feel pulled in a million directions, unable to fit it all in? Are you struggling to keep up with your relationships, work, and health? Is it hard to be kind to yourself? Are you still haunted by your traumatic past?
(904) 780-6787 View (904) 780-6787
Photo of Amanda Ranney, Pre-Licensed Professional in Jacksonville, FL
Amanda Ranney
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32207
Not accepting new clients
Areas of specialty include: individual counseling & sport psychology mental coaching with adolescents, college students, student athletes, emerging adults, eating disorders/body image, anxiety, normal developmental adjustment, identity development, trauma, grief, and phase of life transitions. I also value educational and outreach opportunities. I work best with individuals who are motivated, willing to open up, and seeking to better understand themselves psychologically and physiologically. I uphold a holistic outlook, honor both mental + physical wellness, and focus on the person behind the problem.
Areas of specialty include: individual counseling & sport psychology mental coaching with adolescents, college students, student athletes, emerging adults, eating disorders/body image, anxiety, normal developmental adjustment, identity development, trauma, grief, and phase of life transitions. I also value educational and outreach opportunities. I work best with individuals who are motivated, willing to open up, and seeking to better understand themselves psychologically and physiologically. I uphold a holistic outlook, honor both mental + physical wellness, and focus on the person behind the problem.
(904) 395-4827 View (904) 395-4827
Photo of LaWanda Thomas, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
LaWanda Thomas
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, RN
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32258  (Online Only)
Life is a GIFT. I believe in this life, we all have special assignments. It is with honor, gratitude, and appreciation that I have accepted my assignment of helping others via Nursing and Counseling. With the world in such chaos, it is a challenge to navigate our spiritual, physical, and emotional health and wholeness. It is my aim to connect with my clients at the point of their hurt. Clients are usually hurting or struggling with childhood emotional trauma, grief (loss of a loved one, a relationship, or loss of themselves), depression, overwhelming life events, anxiety, or self-esteem issues.
Life is a GIFT. I believe in this life, we all have special assignments. It is with honor, gratitude, and appreciation that I have accepted my assignment of helping others via Nursing and Counseling. With the world in such chaos, it is a challenge to navigate our spiritual, physical, and emotional health and wholeness. It is my aim to connect with my clients at the point of their hurt. Clients are usually hurting or struggling with childhood emotional trauma, grief (loss of a loved one, a relationship, or loss of themselves), depression, overwhelming life events, anxiety, or self-esteem issues.
(904) 694-5385 View (904) 694-5385

See more therapy options for Jacksonville

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Jacksonville, FL

1,000+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Jacksonville, FL who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
87% Depression
75% Coping Skills
75% Self Esteem
67% Relationship Issues
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Aetna
83% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
80% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Jacksonville, FL see their clients

58% In Person and Online
42% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
16% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Jacksonville?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.