Therapists in Jacksonville, FL

View neighborhoods in Jacksonville
Photo of Christine Baum, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Christine Baum
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32207  (Online Only)
Welcome, This probably isn’t the first step you’ve taken on the path towards your own self-actualization. Often, we get really good at getting by and solving the problem on our own. Sometimes we figure it out, and other times we don’t. Or it works for a while, until we hit a new phase. Or maybe, it’s just too difficult to do the dishes when the world is on fire. I see that you’ve been trying, and I see that life is fucking hard. You may not have reached out to someone before now because a safe space wasn't available.
Welcome, This probably isn’t the first step you’ve taken on the path towards your own self-actualization. Often, we get really good at getting by and solving the problem on our own. Sometimes we figure it out, and other times we don’t. Or it works for a while, until we hit a new phase. Or maybe, it’s just too difficult to do the dishes when the world is on fire. I see that you’ve been trying, and I see that life is fucking hard. You may not have reached out to someone before now because a safe space wasn't available.
(786) 983-6457 View (786) 983-6457
Photo of Sandra Rico, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Sandra Rico
Counselor, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32225
Hi I'm, Sandra Rico, a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and Certified Sex Therapist. I utilize a Client-Centered approach to therapy where I assist the client in self-discovery, teach psycho-education, and encourage clients to develop coping skills to improve their lives. I work with a wide variety of clients including minorities. For telehealth sessions, I prefer seeing clients aged 18 and over. Nevertheless, some teens are interested in telehealth and as long as interest is shown, then of course, I will work with them. I have experience working with the LGBT+ and I encourage emotional expression in a safe environment.
Hi I'm, Sandra Rico, a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and Certified Sex Therapist. I utilize a Client-Centered approach to therapy where I assist the client in self-discovery, teach psycho-education, and encourage clients to develop coping skills to improve their lives. I work with a wide variety of clients including minorities. For telehealth sessions, I prefer seeing clients aged 18 and over. Nevertheless, some teens are interested in telehealth and as long as interest is shown, then of course, I will work with them. I have experience working with the LGBT+ and I encourage emotional expression in a safe environment.
(904) 977-6219 View (904) 977-6219
Photo of Raquisha Bing, Pre-Licensed Professional in Jacksonville, FL
Raquisha Bing
Pre-Licensed Professional, RMHCI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32217
EMDR clinician (EMDRIA-Trained). Currently accepting clients! Embarking on your journey to healing can feel like a daunting task because you may not know where to start. Our time together will be spent working collaboratively to help you on your path to healing past/current traumas, self-exploration, self-discovery, and empowerment. We all need support no matter what problems we have. I strive to create a safe environment where you can speak your mind freely without judgement but also, I am also here to challenge you for you to achieve your greatest potential.
EMDR clinician (EMDRIA-Trained). Currently accepting clients! Embarking on your journey to healing can feel like a daunting task because you may not know where to start. Our time together will be spent working collaboratively to help you on your path to healing past/current traumas, self-exploration, self-discovery, and empowerment. We all need support no matter what problems we have. I strive to create a safe environment where you can speak your mind freely without judgement but also, I am also here to challenge you for you to achieve your greatest potential.
(904) 932-9401 View (904) 932-9401
Photo of Courtney A Ade, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Courtney A Ade
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32256
Hi! Are you struggling with major life changes, acute emotional distress/trauma, or wanting to address maladaptive behavior patterns that are causing strain in your life? I can help you work through these issues with reflective, empathic and non-judgmental therapy. I have a strong belief in the healing power of the therapeutic alliance. I strive to create a space of trust, safety and mutual respect. Life is hard enough as it is-getting support shouldn't be! I believe we can ALL use some support, validation, and empathy while learning new ways to cope and enjoy life, find peace and enjoy personal growth and confidence.
Hi! Are you struggling with major life changes, acute emotional distress/trauma, or wanting to address maladaptive behavior patterns that are causing strain in your life? I can help you work through these issues with reflective, empathic and non-judgmental therapy. I have a strong belief in the healing power of the therapeutic alliance. I strive to create a space of trust, safety and mutual respect. Life is hard enough as it is-getting support shouldn't be! I believe we can ALL use some support, validation, and empathy while learning new ways to cope and enjoy life, find peace and enjoy personal growth and confidence.
(904) 785-8476 View (904) 785-8476
Photo of Allison Teger, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Allison Teger
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32216
At times individuals or couples struggle with personal issues that may leave you feeling confused, frustrated, powerless, or unsure of what steps to take next. I believe that therapists and clients work together to figure out the best solution to your problems. My job is to provide a safe and caring environment where I foster your ability to find new solutions. I have been working in the mental health field since 1997. I work with couples, individuals, families, and teenagers.
At times individuals or couples struggle with personal issues that may leave you feeling confused, frustrated, powerless, or unsure of what steps to take next. I believe that therapists and clients work together to figure out the best solution to your problems. My job is to provide a safe and caring environment where I foster your ability to find new solutions. I have been working in the mental health field since 1997. I work with couples, individuals, families, and teenagers.
(904) 637-1122 View (904) 637-1122
Photo of Counseling Solutions of Northeast Fl. in Jacksonville, FL
Counseling Solutions of Northeast Fl.
CAMSII
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32225
Counseling Solutions of Northeast Florida offers the highest quality service in a comfortable and supportive atmosphere. We feel that those who are hurting heal more quickly in a supportive and collaborative environment which honors all aspects of their personhood; the mental, and physical as well as the spiritual. Our services are personalized and tailored to meet the needs of each of our client's individually and to help them attain the personal growth they're striving for.
Counseling Solutions of Northeast Florida offers the highest quality service in a comfortable and supportive atmosphere. We feel that those who are hurting heal more quickly in a supportive and collaborative environment which honors all aspects of their personhood; the mental, and physical as well as the spiritual. Our services are personalized and tailored to meet the needs of each of our client's individually and to help them attain the personal growth they're striving for.
(863) 342-4320 View (863) 342-4320
Photo of Ebtide Counseling Group, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Ebtide Counseling Group
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MCAP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32216
I am a great motivator and an intuitive therapist that can help you live your best life. If you are looking for guidance, a soft place to land, a hand to help you get to the next level or the next chapter in an extraordinary life, call me today.
I am a great motivator and an intuitive therapist that can help you live your best life. If you are looking for guidance, a soft place to land, a hand to help you get to the next level or the next chapter in an extraordinary life, call me today.
(904) 337-9950 View (904) 337-9950
Photo of Byron Dawson, Licensed Mental Health Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Byron Dawson
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32256  (Online Only)
Do you ever feel as if your day moves too fast or overwhelmed by your day to day tasks? Maybe you find yourself irritable and angry all of the time? You have a feeling that you know you can do better and beat yourself up when you don't accomplish the goals you want to. It may be beginning to effect your work life, schooling, and even your relationships. You may be here because you realize how you have been coping may not be the most effective for you or maybe you're here because you feel like things could get better. That is where I can help.
Do you ever feel as if your day moves too fast or overwhelmed by your day to day tasks? Maybe you find yourself irritable and angry all of the time? You have a feeling that you know you can do better and beat yourself up when you don't accomplish the goals you want to. It may be beginning to effect your work life, schooling, and even your relationships. You may be here because you realize how you have been coping may not be the most effective for you or maybe you're here because you feel like things could get better. That is where I can help.
(904) 621-2148 View (904) 621-2148
Photo of Pamela Raspberry, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Pamela Raspberry
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32218  (Online Only)
Let my 20-year experience as a Clinical Social Worker and 16-year experience as a Licensed Clinical Social Worker be your ticket to a better life! Working with couples, families, and individuals is a joy! Difficulties that we can face together include Anger Management, Trauma, Anxiety, Depression, Self Care, and others. Using a myriad of approaches opens the path to creating a unique plan that can set you on a path to success! I look forward to working together with you on your path to healing.
Let my 20-year experience as a Clinical Social Worker and 16-year experience as a Licensed Clinical Social Worker be your ticket to a better life! Working with couples, families, and individuals is a joy! Difficulties that we can face together include Anger Management, Trauma, Anxiety, Depression, Self Care, and others. Using a myriad of approaches opens the path to creating a unique plan that can set you on a path to success! I look forward to working together with you on your path to healing.
(904) 867-8395 View (904) 867-8395
Photo of Adrianna N Taylor, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Adrianna N Taylor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD, CCTP
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32218  (Online Only)
You have to be strong. All. The. Damn. Time. And that’s just become too much. Even for you. You have BIG feelings and may even cry when you’re alone, but hide them so the world can’t use them against you. You’re exhausted. But you can’t slow down for fear of what may happen if painful memories overwhelm you. Your internal voice is relentlessly mean and you want to shut it up, but you don’t even know if it’s possible to truly accept yourself. You know far too many people have too much access to your physical space or emotional energy, but you learned this is how to keep people around and saying “no” leaves you alone or rejected.
You have to be strong. All. The. Damn. Time. And that’s just become too much. Even for you. You have BIG feelings and may even cry when you’re alone, but hide them so the world can’t use them against you. You’re exhausted. But you can’t slow down for fear of what may happen if painful memories overwhelm you. Your internal voice is relentlessly mean and you want to shut it up, but you don’t even know if it’s possible to truly accept yourself. You know far too many people have too much access to your physical space or emotional energy, but you learned this is how to keep people around and saying “no” leaves you alone or rejected.
(904) 395-4872 View (904) 395-4872
Photo of Polly A Charette, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Polly A Charette
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD, ACSW, EMDR
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32216
Every person goes through a period in their life where they desire to make changes, face difficulties, find the courage to challenge themselves, or simply find that their old ways are no longer serving them in their life. I take the time to understand each client in order to tailor their treatment to their uniques circumstances. In my practice I thoroughly believe that a connection between therapist and client is the foundation for healing and change. It is an honor to provide the services that I do. My goal is to provide a nonjudgmental safe place for healing.
Every person goes through a period in their life where they desire to make changes, face difficulties, find the courage to challenge themselves, or simply find that their old ways are no longer serving them in their life. I take the time to understand each client in order to tailor their treatment to their uniques circumstances. In my practice I thoroughly believe that a connection between therapist and client is the foundation for healing and change. It is an honor to provide the services that I do. My goal is to provide a nonjudgmental safe place for healing.
(904) 674-3747 View (904) 674-3747
Photo of IBpeople Consulting / Coachbeelifestyles.com, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
IBpeople Consulting / Coachbeelifestyles.com
Counselor, MS MA, LMHC, NCMHC, CEAP, CoachBe
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32210
Hello I am CoachBee I realize that the fast pace of today's society many individuals, families and couples are struggling with a wide range of issues. These issues can make you feel overwhelmed, exhausted, unsure, anxious, unfocused and most often depressed. If this is you; let me introduce myself. I am a therapist that believes that you can be a Better you and the Best you. By allowing me to assist you together we developing coping skills, goals, and strategies that move you forward in your life. With over 19 years of experience as a Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC), private practitioner and Lifestyle Coach.
Hello I am CoachBee I realize that the fast pace of today's society many individuals, families and couples are struggling with a wide range of issues. These issues can make you feel overwhelmed, exhausted, unsure, anxious, unfocused and most often depressed. If this is you; let me introduce myself. I am a therapist that believes that you can be a Better you and the Best you. By allowing me to assist you together we developing coping skills, goals, and strategies that move you forward in your life. With over 19 years of experience as a Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC), private practitioner and Lifestyle Coach.
(904) 513-9383 View (904) 513-9383
Photo of Alissa Hodge, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Alissa Hodge
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32246  (Online Only)
I provide a safe, relaxed and comfortable environment where you can be yourself and discuss anything without judgment.
I provide a safe, relaxed and comfortable environment where you can be yourself and discuss anything without judgment.
(904) 849-6901 View (904) 849-6901
Photo of Danita Byrd, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Danita Byrd
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32256  (Online Only)
Are you the strong person everyone seeks for advice? Do you feel stressed navigating relationships that used to be easy? Do you often feel misunderstood or not heard at all? If this sounds like you, then please keep reading. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and as an experienced clinician I understand that anxiety can manifest in various ways, impacting different aspects of your life. Using evidence-based therapeutic techniques, I take a holistic approach that address the mind, body and spirit. Together we will work towards understanding the root causes of your anxiety and challenge unhelpful beliefs about yourself.
Are you the strong person everyone seeks for advice? Do you feel stressed navigating relationships that used to be easy? Do you often feel misunderstood or not heard at all? If this sounds like you, then please keep reading. I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and as an experienced clinician I understand that anxiety can manifest in various ways, impacting different aspects of your life. Using evidence-based therapeutic techniques, I take a holistic approach that address the mind, body and spirit. Together we will work towards understanding the root causes of your anxiety and challenge unhelpful beliefs about yourself.
(904) 320-0298 View (904) 320-0298
Photo of Naseema N Abbasi, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Jacksonville, FL
Naseema N Abbasi
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32256
There is a need within each of us to thrive and overcome internal conflict. However, due to stress, crises, and lack of insight, we are not always capable of achieving this on our own. Whether these barriers are a result of early experiences or responses to situational crises, I am available to assist those in need. I help individuals address roadblocks on their way to achieving rewarding and fulfilling lives. Seeking counseling can be intimidating; it asks you to look into yourself and admit your weaknesses.
There is a need within each of us to thrive and overcome internal conflict. However, due to stress, crises, and lack of insight, we are not always capable of achieving this on our own. Whether these barriers are a result of early experiences or responses to situational crises, I am available to assist those in need. I help individuals address roadblocks on their way to achieving rewarding and fulfilling lives. Seeking counseling can be intimidating; it asks you to look into yourself and admit your weaknesses.
(772) 202-5327 View (772) 202-5327
Photo of Francis X Palmieri, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jacksonville, FL
Francis X Palmieri
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32207
I have accumulated a wealth of experience in the over forty years I've been a clinician. I have provided services in a variety of mental health and chemical dependency settings, and have served as an educator and consultant to schools, agencies court systems, and private industry. My experience as a military officer, as well as experience in the food service and construction industries, has give me a "real world" view of of the problems, issues, and concerns which my patients are facing.
I have accumulated a wealth of experience in the over forty years I've been a clinician. I have provided services in a variety of mental health and chemical dependency settings, and have served as an educator and consultant to schools, agencies court systems, and private industry. My experience as a military officer, as well as experience in the food service and construction industries, has give me a "real world" view of of the problems, issues, and concerns which my patients are facing.
(904) 263-4398 x7 View (904) 263-4398 x7
Photo of Whitney Catoe, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Whitney Catoe
Counselor, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, FL 32256
My name is Whitney Catoe, and I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in the state of Florida. I'm passionate about whole-body wellness and taking a holistic approach to assessing mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual health. I have worked with clients struggling with a number of different obstacles. I have a history of working in the substance abuse field (detox facilities, methadone clinics, dual diagnosis), mood disorders as well as trauma. Many of my clients have experienced some level of hardship and are looking to understand and overcome while honoring the impact their experiences are having on their minds and body.
My name is Whitney Catoe, and I am a Licensed Mental Health Counselor in the state of Florida. I'm passionate about whole-body wellness and taking a holistic approach to assessing mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual health. I have worked with clients struggling with a number of different obstacles. I have a history of working in the substance abuse field (detox facilities, methadone clinics, dual diagnosis), mood disorders as well as trauma. Many of my clients have experienced some level of hardship and are looking to understand and overcome while honoring the impact their experiences are having on their minds and body.
(904) 600-5738 View (904) 600-5738
Photo of Dr. Jennifer McManus, Psychologist in Jacksonville, FL
Dr. Jennifer McManus
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32205
Are you feeling burned out from juggling it all? Does your "to do" list ever end or are you worrying about it late at night when you're trying to fall asleep? Are you getting impatient with loved ones followed by deep regret for those unpleasant exchanges you wish had never even happened in the first place? I understand how difficult it can be managing your demanding career or business ventures, your beloved family, and some semblance of a personal life. It all seems so fragile and it feels like you have nothing left to give. That’s not who you are though and you've decided it's time to make a change.
Are you feeling burned out from juggling it all? Does your "to do" list ever end or are you worrying about it late at night when you're trying to fall asleep? Are you getting impatient with loved ones followed by deep regret for those unpleasant exchanges you wish had never even happened in the first place? I understand how difficult it can be managing your demanding career or business ventures, your beloved family, and some semblance of a personal life. It all seems so fragile and it feels like you have nothing left to give. That’s not who you are though and you've decided it's time to make a change.
(904) 875-9672 View (904) 875-9672
Photo of Beyond The Matter Counseling Services, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Beyond The Matter Counseling Services
Counselor, LMHC, QualSup, Veteran
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32205  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Greetings! I'm Maria Giuliana, founder of Beyond The Matter Counseling and Consulting Services LLC. I'm committed to caring for the whole person. I use an existential-humanistic-integrative approach that is trauma-informed, multi-culturally competent, and offer a safe space for all. I provide individual, couples counseling, and clinical supervision services via telehealth only. I'm a 20-year Navy Veteran who understands the unique stresses and the full impact of the military lifestyle on our active, retired, and veteran service members and their families. Together, we'll develop tools to better navigate your course.
Greetings! I'm Maria Giuliana, founder of Beyond The Matter Counseling and Consulting Services LLC. I'm committed to caring for the whole person. I use an existential-humanistic-integrative approach that is trauma-informed, multi-culturally competent, and offer a safe space for all. I provide individual, couples counseling, and clinical supervision services via telehealth only. I'm a 20-year Navy Veteran who understands the unique stresses and the full impact of the military lifestyle on our active, retired, and veteran service members and their families. Together, we'll develop tools to better navigate your course.
(904) 549-6786 View (904) 549-6786
Photo of Lynn Powell Counseling, Counselor in Jacksonville, FL
Lynn Powell Counseling
Counselor, LMHC, RRT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Jacksonville, FL 32216
I have been in the healthcare field for over 25 years. I have over 15 years working with clients with substance dependence and mental health issues. As a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and a Rapid Resolution Therapist, I understand and know the importance of trust. I am supportive, motivational, direct and genuine, empowering you to develop positive healthy lifestyle changes.
I have been in the healthcare field for over 25 years. I have over 15 years working with clients with substance dependence and mental health issues. As a Licensed Mental Health Counselor and a Rapid Resolution Therapist, I understand and know the importance of trust. I am supportive, motivational, direct and genuine, empowering you to develop positive healthy lifestyle changes.
(904) 309-9351 View (904) 309-9351

See more therapy options for Jacksonville

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Jacksonville, FL

1,000+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Jacksonville, FL who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
87% Depression
76% Self Esteem
75% Coping Skills
68% Relationship Issues
68% Trauma and PTSD
67% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Aetna
82% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
80% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Jacksonville, FL see their clients

57% In Person and Online
43% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
16% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Jacksonville?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.