Therapists in Boca Raton, FL

Photo of Carrie And Matt Ellis, LMHC, MS, Counselor
Carrie And Matt Ellis
Counselor, LMHC, MS
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33431
Are you navigating post-adoption issues, trauma, anxiety, depression and stress from life transitions and relationship issues? As a team, our counseling focus is assisting families formed through adoption. We also work with biological families experiencing internal strife and adults struggling with unresolved childhood trauma and couples in distress seeking a closer relationship. Areas of Specialty: PCIT (Parent-Child Interaction Therapy), Attachment, Trauma, Preadoption Assessments, Emotional dysregulation and Behavioral Concerns.
Are you navigating post-adoption issues, trauma, anxiety, depression and stress from life transitions and relationship issues? As a team, our counseling focus is assisting families formed through adoption. We also work with biological families experiencing internal strife and adults struggling with unresolved childhood trauma and couples in distress seeking a closer relationship. Areas of Specialty: PCIT (Parent-Child Interaction Therapy), Attachment, Trauma, Preadoption Assessments, Emotional dysregulation and Behavioral Concerns.
(561) 510-9514 View (561) 510-9514
Photo of Pamela L Baker, PsyD, Psychologist
Pamela L Baker
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33431
Dr. Pamela Baker, Licensed Psychologist, earned her Bachelors Degree (B.A.) from the University of Miami with a major in Psychology and double minor in Sociology and French. She went on to earn her Masters Degree (M.S) and Doctoral Degree (Psy.D.) in Clinical Psychology at Nova Southeastern University. Dr. Baker currently works with a diverse population of individuals including children, adolescents, and adults. Dr. Baker’s main theoretical orientation is based on Carl Roger’s Humanistic Person-Centered counseling approach.
Dr. Pamela Baker, Licensed Psychologist, earned her Bachelors Degree (B.A.) from the University of Miami with a major in Psychology and double minor in Sociology and French. She went on to earn her Masters Degree (M.S) and Doctoral Degree (Psy.D.) in Clinical Psychology at Nova Southeastern University. Dr. Baker currently works with a diverse population of individuals including children, adolescents, and adults. Dr. Baker’s main theoretical orientation is based on Carl Roger’s Humanistic Person-Centered counseling approach.
(561) 510-7827 View (561) 510-7827
Photo of Daniela Neli Blaunstain, MA, RMHCI
Daniela Neli Blaunstain
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MA, RMHCI
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33431  (Online Only)
If you find yourself in emotional pain, gripped by trauma, loss, depression, anxiety, relational challenges or daily stressful routine, reaching out for support is essential. I believe that emotional, mental, physical, and spiritual aspects of our lives have a powerful impact on our overall happiness and well-being.
If you find yourself in emotional pain, gripped by trauma, loss, depression, anxiety, relational challenges or daily stressful routine, reaching out for support is essential. I believe that emotional, mental, physical, and spiritual aspects of our lives have a powerful impact on our overall happiness and well-being.
(561) 264-0829 View (561) 264-0829
Photo of undefined - Evaluaciones psicológicas para inmigración , PsyD, Psychologist
Evaluaciones psicológicas para inmigración
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33428  (Online Only)
Tu abogado te pidio un reporte psicologico para tu caso de inmigración? Somos un equipo de profesionales especializados en evaluaciones para casos de inmigracion y te podemos ayudar! Entendemos los desafíos únicos que enfrentan nuestros clientes durante este proceso y estamos aquí para brindarles el apoyo y la orientación necesaria. Nuestros profesionales altamente capacitados trabajan para proporcionar evaluaciones completas y rapida. La consulta es gratis! Llámenos hoy mismo para obtener más informacion para que puedas comenzar tu proceso.
Tu abogado te pidio un reporte psicologico para tu caso de inmigración? Somos un equipo de profesionales especializados en evaluaciones para casos de inmigracion y te podemos ayudar! Entendemos los desafíos únicos que enfrentan nuestros clientes durante este proceso y estamos aquí para brindarles el apoyo y la orientación necesaria. Nuestros profesionales altamente capacitados trabajan para proporcionar evaluaciones completas y rapida. La consulta es gratis! Llámenos hoy mismo para obtener más informacion para que puedas comenzar tu proceso.
(561) 771-0956 View (561) 771-0956
Photo of Lauren Barry, LMFT, MCAP, QS, Marriage & Family Therapist
Lauren Barry
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MCAP, QS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Boca Raton, FL 33434
Welcome! I believe that every client is the expert of their own life and I want to create a collaborative environment with you to help you work through difficult life transitions. I will walk beside you, providing a non-judgmental, warm and safe space to explore these moments in life. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and a Gottman Method Levels 1 & 2 trained therapist specializing in treating couples. Trained in EMDR therapy, I can help you resolve negative events and memories from the past that continue to show up today.
Welcome! I believe that every client is the expert of their own life and I want to create a collaborative environment with you to help you work through difficult life transitions. I will walk beside you, providing a non-judgmental, warm and safe space to explore these moments in life. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and a Gottman Method Levels 1 & 2 trained therapist specializing in treating couples. Trained in EMDR therapy, I can help you resolve negative events and memories from the past that continue to show up today.
(954) 324-2664 View (954) 324-2664
Photo of Rachel Araujo, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rachel Araujo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boca Raton, FL 33433
I'm proud to offer my clients Dialectical Behavioral (DBT) therapy, a scientific approach to transformative skills and principles. If you are experiencing anxiety, depression, trauma, personality disorder symptoms, chronic stress or loneliness it is helpful to have a compassionate therapist in your corner. This is where I enter the picture. I work with you to heal painful emotions, solve problems strategically, strengthen your connections and create a meaningful life. Whatever your struggles may be, let’s face them together.
I'm proud to offer my clients Dialectical Behavioral (DBT) therapy, a scientific approach to transformative skills and principles. If you are experiencing anxiety, depression, trauma, personality disorder symptoms, chronic stress or loneliness it is helpful to have a compassionate therapist in your corner. This is where I enter the picture. I work with you to heal painful emotions, solve problems strategically, strengthen your connections and create a meaningful life. Whatever your struggles may be, let’s face them together.
(954) 231-1755 View (954) 231-1755
Photo of Seth E. Lobdell, PhD, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Seth E. Lobdell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boca Raton, FL 33431
In the broadest terms, my practice centers on the idea of helping you to establish or restore greater authenticity--a more authentic voice, space of desire and trajectory of drive/motivation. This can be addressed through more short-term approaches that focus primarily on the present, or a deeper approach that considers and works through past experiences as they inevitably impact the present in ways not always available to consciousness. By uncovering these occluded forces left over from the past and lingering in the present, you will be able to develop broader insight and live more fully with greater intention.
In the broadest terms, my practice centers on the idea of helping you to establish or restore greater authenticity--a more authentic voice, space of desire and trajectory of drive/motivation. This can be addressed through more short-term approaches that focus primarily on the present, or a deeper approach that considers and works through past experiences as they inevitably impact the present in ways not always available to consciousness. By uncovering these occluded forces left over from the past and lingering in the present, you will be able to develop broader insight and live more fully with greater intention.
(561) 763-7048 View (561) 763-7048
Photo of Amy Sherman, MA, LMHC, Counselor
Amy Sherman
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boca Raton, FL 33487  (Online Only)
Enough is Enough! Why suffer with anxiety, loneliness, anger, conflict or self-doubt when you can get the tools and insights to change your life around? With an emphasis on the body-mind modality, I will guide you to develop into the empowered person you were meant to be.
Enough is Enough! Why suffer with anxiety, loneliness, anger, conflict or self-doubt when you can get the tools and insights to change your life around? With an emphasis on the body-mind modality, I will guide you to develop into the empowered person you were meant to be.
(561) 288-3877 View (561) 288-3877
Photo of Maddy Main, LMHC, Counselor
Maddy Main
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33487
Hello there! As a Licensed Mental Health Counselor based in Boca Raton, Florida, I specialize in supporting children, teens, and families like yours. With over six years of experience, I'm here to offer effective therapy for both individuals and families. Using a variety of techniques such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Play Therapy techniques, I strive to create a safe, welcoming space for your child to grow and thrive.
Hello there! As a Licensed Mental Health Counselor based in Boca Raton, Florida, I specialize in supporting children, teens, and families like yours. With over six years of experience, I'm here to offer effective therapy for both individuals and families. Using a variety of techniques such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Play Therapy techniques, I strive to create a safe, welcoming space for your child to grow and thrive.
(561) 867-8806 View (561) 867-8806
Photo of Karen Diane Lane-Garland, NCSP, LSP, ABSNP
Karen Diane Lane-Garland
NCSP, LSP, ABSNP
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33433
I specialize in psycho-educational assessment for gifted, ADHD, Autism Spectrum Disorders, emotional/behavioral problems, executive function, and school neuropsych issues (focuses upon brain/behavior relationships and how they are manifested in the classroom). Retiree of the School District of PBC as a school psychologist (34years), so I am very familiar with educational issues, special education programs, individual education plans, and the problem-solving process which leads to various interventions for learning, language, and emotional/behavioral problems. In addition, I work with 504 plans, (Americans with Disabilities Act).
I specialize in psycho-educational assessment for gifted, ADHD, Autism Spectrum Disorders, emotional/behavioral problems, executive function, and school neuropsych issues (focuses upon brain/behavior relationships and how they are manifested in the classroom). Retiree of the School District of PBC as a school psychologist (34years), so I am very familiar with educational issues, special education programs, individual education plans, and the problem-solving process which leads to various interventions for learning, language, and emotional/behavioral problems. In addition, I work with 504 plans, (Americans with Disabilities Act).
(561) 531-5518 View (561) 531-5518
Photo of Shirley Mathieu, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Shirley Mathieu
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33428
Welcome! My name is Shirley Matheiu and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 9 years of experience working with adolescents and adults from diverse backgrounds. My focus areas include behavioral problems, anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, and women's problem. My training in trauma-focused CBT enables her to quickly identify and target life-changing events, with an emphasis on healing and adjusting.
Welcome! My name is Shirley Matheiu and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 9 years of experience working with adolescents and adults from diverse backgrounds. My focus areas include behavioral problems, anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, and women's problem. My training in trauma-focused CBT enables her to quickly identify and target life-changing events, with an emphasis on healing and adjusting.
(904) 901-9650 View (904) 901-9650
Photo of Christine Weeks, MA, AT-R, Art Therapist
Christine Weeks
Art Therapist, MA, AT-R
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Boca Raton, FL 33432
My approach to counseling and art therapy is holistic and rooted in the formation of a strong therapeutic relationship. I follow the needs of each client and meet you where you are at. I am trained in the latest research-based approaches to therapy. I allow space for the therapeutic process to unfold as our relationship develops.
My approach to counseling and art therapy is holistic and rooted in the formation of a strong therapeutic relationship. I follow the needs of each client and meet you where you are at. I am trained in the latest research-based approaches to therapy. I allow space for the therapeutic process to unfold as our relationship develops.
(561) 418-6602 View (561) 418-6602
Photo of Joanna Marko - Autism And Child Therapist, LMHC, ASDCS, Counselor
Joanna Marko - Autism And Child Therapist
Counselor, LMHC, ASDCS
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33432
Healthy relationships are the foundation of your child’s resilience. Sense of Resiliency Counseling offers child and family therapy, specializing in trauma, behavioral challenges and Autism Spectrum Disorder. When we begin to focus not on the behaviors, but on the root cause and emotional needs, that is when healing truly begins.
Healthy relationships are the foundation of your child’s resilience. Sense of Resiliency Counseling offers child and family therapy, specializing in trauma, behavioral challenges and Autism Spectrum Disorder. When we begin to focus not on the behaviors, but on the root cause and emotional needs, that is when healing truly begins.
(954) 799-6865 View (954) 799-6865
Photo of Marion Rose Dyess, PsyD, BCPC, LMHC, DAPA, Counselor
Marion Rose Dyess
Counselor, PsyD, BCPC, LMHC, DAPA
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33431
Are you searching for a different experience in life? If you are motivated and want to change, I want to help! I have been practicing in Boca Raton for over 20 years. Trained with an additional specialty in children and teens, I have also worked extensively with inviduals and couples. In addition to my practice I have been a Professor at Lynn University, Nova Southeastern University and the New York Institute of Technology. I am a Qualified Forensic Expert in Children and Families and most recently a Certified Gottman Therapist for couples. REMEMBER! asking for help is a sign of your strength
Are you searching for a different experience in life? If you are motivated and want to change, I want to help! I have been practicing in Boca Raton for over 20 years. Trained with an additional specialty in children and teens, I have also worked extensively with inviduals and couples. In addition to my practice I have been a Professor at Lynn University, Nova Southeastern University and the New York Institute of Technology. I am a Qualified Forensic Expert in Children and Families and most recently a Certified Gottman Therapist for couples. REMEMBER! asking for help is a sign of your strength
(561) 999-9890 x2 View (561) 999-9890 x2
Photo of Nicole A Friedman, PsyD, DBT-LBC, CEDS, Psychologist
Nicole A Friedman
Psychologist, PsyD, DBT-LBC, CEDS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Boca Raton, FL 33487
Taking that first step to seeking help takes courage, yet the benefits are endless. My goal is to help clients connect with their 'authentic self,' tap into their strengths, and create a meaningful life. As I guide clients, I honor where they are while mindfully challenging them toward change by unearthening blocks and cultivating tools to facilitate emotional growth. I work with adults who present with mood disorders, anxiety, relationship issues, eating disorders, personality disorders, substance misuse disorders, women’s issues and complex trauma. I also work with families as part of our comprehensive teen / young adult program.
Taking that first step to seeking help takes courage, yet the benefits are endless. My goal is to help clients connect with their 'authentic self,' tap into their strengths, and create a meaningful life. As I guide clients, I honor where they are while mindfully challenging them toward change by unearthening blocks and cultivating tools to facilitate emotional growth. I work with adults who present with mood disorders, anxiety, relationship issues, eating disorders, personality disorders, substance misuse disorders, women’s issues and complex trauma. I also work with families as part of our comprehensive teen / young adult program.
(561) 623-8299 View (561) 623-8299
Photo of David Blair Miller, PsyD, ABPP, Psychologist
David Blair Miller
Psychologist, PsyD, ABPP
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33486
Treatment is different with each person. At the heart of my therapeutic approach is careful, thoughtful and non-judgmental listening. It is important that you feel understood and comfortable that we can work together collaboratively. Beginning therapy, people hope to find relief, feel ambivalent, are unsure about their wants and fear the unknown. I view psychotherapy as a two-person process. We will focus on understanding your feelings, struggles and the roots of repetitive life patterns and relationships. This approach will help you to develop individualized ways of decreasing suffering, promoting insight, improving self-esteem and regaining self-control.
Treatment is different with each person. At the heart of my therapeutic approach is careful, thoughtful and non-judgmental listening. It is important that you feel understood and comfortable that we can work together collaboratively. Beginning therapy, people hope to find relief, feel ambivalent, are unsure about their wants and fear the unknown. I view psychotherapy as a two-person process. We will focus on understanding your feelings, struggles and the roots of repetitive life patterns and relationships. This approach will help you to develop individualized ways of decreasing suffering, promoting insight, improving self-esteem and regaining self-control.
(561) 899-9028 View (561) 899-9028
Photo of Richard Loebl, LCSW, BCD, PA, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Richard Loebl
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD, PA
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Boca Raton, FL 33431
Is your relationship in trouble? Is there too much fighting? Too much distance? We can help you to build a happy and loving relationship that works for both of you. We also specialize in helping men who sabotage relationships and careers. We teach men how to make their relationships work better, and how to be more successful and happy at work, at home, and in life. Other therapists in my practice specialize in women's issues,trauma recovery, family therapy, eating disorders, and addictions.
Is your relationship in trouble? Is there too much fighting? Too much distance? We can help you to build a happy and loving relationship that works for both of you. We also specialize in helping men who sabotage relationships and careers. We teach men how to make their relationships work better, and how to be more successful and happy at work, at home, and in life. Other therapists in my practice specialize in women's issues,trauma recovery, family therapy, eating disorders, and addictions.
(561) 955-6090 View (561) 955-6090
Photo of Lisa Miller, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lisa Miller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33433
Hello! I am Lisa Miller. I am a LCSW who has been practicing therapy for over 25 years. I specialize in depression, anxiety, geriatrics, Alzheimer's, DID, and PTSD, using a strengths based perspective. I commonly use cognitive behavioral therapy and integrative therapy with a focus on motivational interviewing. I am most experienced working with adults that have mental health and substance abuse diagnoses, and am comfortable working with all conditions.
Hello! I am Lisa Miller. I am a LCSW who has been practicing therapy for over 25 years. I specialize in depression, anxiety, geriatrics, Alzheimer's, DID, and PTSD, using a strengths based perspective. I commonly use cognitive behavioral therapy and integrative therapy with a focus on motivational interviewing. I am most experienced working with adults that have mental health and substance abuse diagnoses, and am comfortable working with all conditions.
(786) 981-3435 View (786) 981-3435
Photo of undefined - Pamela N. Markham Psy.d, P.A., PsyD, LCAP, Psychologist
Pamela N. Markham Psy.d, P.A.
Psychologist, PsyD, LCAP
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33432
I believe that therapy as a proactive tool used by an individual to make their life more fulfilling and productive. Therapy should not be viewed as an indication of mental illness, but rather , as mental health. Therapy is a way for a person to gain more understanding about themselves and those in their life and make positive changes, deal with issues such as addiction or other self defeating behaviors that get in the way of living the life they want. I view therapy as a partnership between the therapist and patient. The patient is proactive and involved in the work that is important to them.
I believe that therapy as a proactive tool used by an individual to make their life more fulfilling and productive. Therapy should not be viewed as an indication of mental illness, but rather , as mental health. Therapy is a way for a person to gain more understanding about themselves and those in their life and make positive changes, deal with issues such as addiction or other self defeating behaviors that get in the way of living the life they want. I view therapy as a partnership between the therapist and patient. The patient is proactive and involved in the work that is important to them.
(561) 475-3679 View (561) 475-3679
Photo of Karley Michelle Strouss, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Karley Michelle Strouss
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Boca Raton, FL 33432  (Online Only)
Welcome! Do you find yourself struggling with destructive thoughts? Do you have a hard time controlling the "what if's" and negative self-talk, making it difficult to engage in things you love? I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 14 years of clinical experience. I have worked with clients in different capacities; experiencing a range of mental health concerns and diagnoses. I specialize in the treatment of depression, anxiety, and difficult life transitions/loss. I will work with you to help alleviate specific stressors and learn to cope effectively with life's obstacles. My goal is to help you live your best life.
Welcome! Do you find yourself struggling with destructive thoughts? Do you have a hard time controlling the "what if's" and negative self-talk, making it difficult to engage in things you love? I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 14 years of clinical experience. I have worked with clients in different capacities; experiencing a range of mental health concerns and diagnoses. I specialize in the treatment of depression, anxiety, and difficult life transitions/loss. I will work with you to help alleviate specific stressors and learn to cope effectively with life's obstacles. My goal is to help you live your best life.
(561) 782-3265 View (561) 782-3265

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Boca Raton, FL

1,000+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in Boca Raton, FL who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
89% Depression
81% Self Esteem
79% Relationship Issues
74% Coping Skills
68% Stress
66% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Aetna
74% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
71% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Boca Raton, FL see their clients

69% In Person and Online
31% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Boca Raton?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.