Therapists in Alachua County, FL

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Photo of Amber Tucker, Marriage & Family Therapist in Alachua County, FL
Amber Tucker
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32606
Welcome and congratulations on considering couples therapy! I primarily work with couples who are highly motivated, and ready to actively work on their relationship. Many of the couples I work with are stressed, struggle with communicating, and may even be close to ending their relationship. I also work with couples who are interested in enhancing an already stable relationship. The couples I work with are seeking hands-on direction, support, and tools to improve their communication and connection.
Welcome and congratulations on considering couples therapy! I primarily work with couples who are highly motivated, and ready to actively work on their relationship. Many of the couples I work with are stressed, struggle with communicating, and may even be close to ending their relationship. I also work with couples who are interested in enhancing an already stable relationship. The couples I work with are seeking hands-on direction, support, and tools to improve their communication and connection.
(352) 505-4526 View (352) 505-4526
Photo of Shannon Murphy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Alachua County, FL
Shannon Murphy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32601  (Online Only)
Hi there! I am here to help you navigate through life's twists and turns. Whether you're just starting out in counseling or you've been down this road before, I am honored to have the chance to walk with you on this journey. My experience involves working with individuals facing various concerns, such as life transitions, school-related challenges, anxiety, depression, and relationships.
Hi there! I am here to help you navigate through life's twists and turns. Whether you're just starting out in counseling or you've been down this road before, I am honored to have the chance to walk with you on this journey. My experience involves working with individuals facing various concerns, such as life transitions, school-related challenges, anxiety, depression, and relationships.
(352) 618-2190 View (352) 618-2190
Photo of Perry Peace, Counselor in Alachua County, FL
Perry Peace
Counselor, PhD, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32606
I appreciate how difficult the decision can be to engage in therapy and believe in the power of having a safe and nonjudgmental space to explore the challenges life often brings. My areas of clinical expertise include crisis and trauma work. As a therapist, I am committed to being genuine and authentic with my clients. I have had the opportunity to work with a diverse range of clinical issues including grief, relational problems, self-injury, suicide, depression, anxiety, suicide loss, trauma, abuse, and other issues that can create disconnection to oneself and others.
I appreciate how difficult the decision can be to engage in therapy and believe in the power of having a safe and nonjudgmental space to explore the challenges life often brings. My areas of clinical expertise include crisis and trauma work. As a therapist, I am committed to being genuine and authentic with my clients. I have had the opportunity to work with a diverse range of clinical issues including grief, relational problems, self-injury, suicide, depression, anxiety, suicide loss, trauma, abuse, and other issues that can create disconnection to oneself and others.
(352) 604-3396 View (352) 604-3396
Photo of Sarah Neate, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Alachua County, FL
Sarah Neate
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32606
I believe you already have all the keys for healing; I can help you find and open those doors within. Meaningful and trauma-informed change happens through understanding and accepting our own parts. I use an IFS (internal family systems) lens to help you know, accept, and love every part of you, even those that are fervently trying to help you, but using outdated and unhelpful methods. I also use IFS to help people in romantic relationships love each other better. So often the partners we choose trigger deep wounds. I can help you begin to heal those relational traumas, so your partnership(s) can grow in health, love, and support.
I believe you already have all the keys for healing; I can help you find and open those doors within. Meaningful and trauma-informed change happens through understanding and accepting our own parts. I use an IFS (internal family systems) lens to help you know, accept, and love every part of you, even those that are fervently trying to help you, but using outdated and unhelpful methods. I also use IFS to help people in romantic relationships love each other better. So often the partners we choose trigger deep wounds. I can help you begin to heal those relational traumas, so your partnership(s) can grow in health, love, and support.
(352) 758-5119 View (352) 758-5119
Photo of Kris Gooding, Psychotherapist , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Alachua County, FL
Kris Gooding, Psychotherapist
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32608  (Online Only)
I have a deep commitment to improving the lives of women. My hope is that you are empowered in relationships. As a therapist, assertiveness instructor/educator for 20 + years, I have seen the many ways relationships shape our well being. Learning to feel more confident and connected is a goal therapy can help achieve. I work w/ individuals & couples. Perhaps you want to improve self esteem; maybe there are relationships in need of repair; or could be that a recent or past trauma left you feeling vulnerable. Be it anxiety, self worth/confidence or even parenting challenges that bring you to therapy, getting support is courageous!
I have a deep commitment to improving the lives of women. My hope is that you are empowered in relationships. As a therapist, assertiveness instructor/educator for 20 + years, I have seen the many ways relationships shape our well being. Learning to feel more confident and connected is a goal therapy can help achieve. I work w/ individuals & couples. Perhaps you want to improve self esteem; maybe there are relationships in need of repair; or could be that a recent or past trauma left you feeling vulnerable. Be it anxiety, self worth/confidence or even parenting challenges that bring you to therapy, getting support is courageous!
(301) 806-0211 View (301) 806-0211
Photo of Kathleen Joseph, Counselor in Alachua County, FL
Kathleen Joseph
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Gainesville, FL 32601
For the longest time, you prided yourself on being the strong and supportive friend. You are the one that everyone comes to when they need support, the one that always shows up. But these days, being it all and doing it all has left you feeling drained. You feel resentful and more disconnected from others than ever. You know you cannot keep this up forever, but it feels impossible to find a therapist who truly comprehends that your unique lived experiences are deeply rooted in your various identities. You need a therapist who can understand and appreciate your needs but also your racial and ethnic identity as well.
For the longest time, you prided yourself on being the strong and supportive friend. You are the one that everyone comes to when they need support, the one that always shows up. But these days, being it all and doing it all has left you feeling drained. You feel resentful and more disconnected from others than ever. You know you cannot keep this up forever, but it feels impossible to find a therapist who truly comprehends that your unique lived experiences are deeply rooted in your various identities. You need a therapist who can understand and appreciate your needs but also your racial and ethnic identity as well.
(352) 414-0861 View (352) 414-0861
Photo of Maria E Montenegro, Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern in Alachua County, FL
Maria E Montenegro
Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern, RCSWI, MSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32601
Welcome. Many of my clients have experienced pain, disconnection, inconsistent routines, a low sense of self, or live with complicated big/deep feelings. They struggle with perfectionism. They have a hard time letting others in. They had unsafe, harmful, or invalidating experiences. It has stayed with them. They struggle to connect to their emotional world. Some tend to overextend themselves, ignore their needs, and feel wrong for putting themselves first. Some learned to tough things out, suppress, and hold it all in. Some feel lost and in the dark. They wonder how to process, understand, and heal, and have deeper connections.
Welcome. Many of my clients have experienced pain, disconnection, inconsistent routines, a low sense of self, or live with complicated big/deep feelings. They struggle with perfectionism. They have a hard time letting others in. They had unsafe, harmful, or invalidating experiences. It has stayed with them. They struggle to connect to their emotional world. Some tend to overextend themselves, ignore their needs, and feel wrong for putting themselves first. Some learned to tough things out, suppress, and hold it all in. Some feel lost and in the dark. They wonder how to process, understand, and heal, and have deeper connections.
(352) 605-6616 View (352) 605-6616
Photo of Jenelle N. Ashley, Counselor in Alachua County, FL
Jenelle N. Ashley
Counselor, LMHC, MCAP, CCTP
Verified Verified
Gainesville, FL 32601
Do you struggle with depression, anxiety and/or stress in your life? I enjoy helping clients explore their life story and establish connections from their past with their current behavioral patterns. As we go through life, we often receive messages that having certain emotions are bad. When we experience hurt, rejection and/or abandonment, we often become overly focused on finding ways to prevent ourselves from experiencing pain. This often comes at a cost which can then compound the pain we are feeling. Additionally, many of my clients struggle with control and/or perfectionist thinking.
Do you struggle with depression, anxiety and/or stress in your life? I enjoy helping clients explore their life story and establish connections from their past with their current behavioral patterns. As we go through life, we often receive messages that having certain emotions are bad. When we experience hurt, rejection and/or abandonment, we often become overly focused on finding ways to prevent ourselves from experiencing pain. This often comes at a cost which can then compound the pain we are feeling. Additionally, many of my clients struggle with control and/or perfectionist thinking.
(352) 508-4818 View (352) 508-4818
Photo of Sarah Stewart- Grief And Trauma Specialist; Enneagram Certified, Counselor in Alachua County, FL
Sarah Stewart- Grief And Trauma Specialist; Enneagram Certified
Counselor, LMHC, MA, EdS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32653
Hi there! I'm Sarah, and I work with individuals (teens & adults) struggling with grief, anxiety, and trauma. A specific area of interest for me has been working with those who have tried therapy in the past, but for whatever reason had difficulty showing up fully in the counseling space. My aim is to change that narrative with relational psychotherapy, somatic processing, & EMDRIA approved EMDR. I have clinical experience working in areas such as depression, shame, self-harm, suicidal ideation, body-image issues, eating disorders, life transitions, faith-based issues, relational challenges, discrimination, & self-esteem.
Hi there! I'm Sarah, and I work with individuals (teens & adults) struggling with grief, anxiety, and trauma. A specific area of interest for me has been working with those who have tried therapy in the past, but for whatever reason had difficulty showing up fully in the counseling space. My aim is to change that narrative with relational psychotherapy, somatic processing, & EMDRIA approved EMDR. I have clinical experience working in areas such as depression, shame, self-harm, suicidal ideation, body-image issues, eating disorders, life transitions, faith-based issues, relational challenges, discrimination, & self-esteem.
(352) 619-0033 View (352) 619-0033
Photo of Mimi Culpepper, Counselor in Alachua County, FL
Mimi Culpepper
Counselor, LMHC, CPC, MCAP, CCTP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32601
Hello! There are times in life where we may find ourselves struggling with current stressors or are experiencing challenges coping with wounds from the past. While seemingly functioning in the day-to-day routines of work, school, home, and within relationships, it becomes increasingly difficult or sometimes even impossible to manage.
Hello! There are times in life where we may find ourselves struggling with current stressors or are experiencing challenges coping with wounds from the past. While seemingly functioning in the day-to-day routines of work, school, home, and within relationships, it becomes increasingly difficult or sometimes even impossible to manage.
(352) 254-3856 View (352) 254-3856
Photo of Dr. JD Wright, Psychologist in Alachua County, FL
Dr. JD Wright
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32606
Healing is more than fixing what's broken—it's about creating a life that truly resonates with you. If you're someone who's spent hours thinking through your struggles, maybe even doing the "right things", and still feels stuck, you're not alone. Let's navigate a fresh perspective together. Whether it's exploring your history, envisioning future goals, or tuning into the wisdom of your body and emotions, I understand your journey is unique. Join me as we work towards unlocking a more meaningful and purposeful life tailored just for you.
Healing is more than fixing what's broken—it's about creating a life that truly resonates with you. If you're someone who's spent hours thinking through your struggles, maybe even doing the "right things", and still feels stuck, you're not alone. Let's navigate a fresh perspective together. Whether it's exploring your history, envisioning future goals, or tuning into the wisdom of your body and emotions, I understand your journey is unique. Join me as we work towards unlocking a more meaningful and purposeful life tailored just for you.
(352) 499-1507 View (352) 499-1507
Photo of Meredith Futernick-Gerak, Licensed Professional Counselor in Alachua County, FL
Meredith Futernick-Gerak
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, ACS, C-PAT, C-BSP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32641  (Online Only)
If you feel stuck, anxious, or held back by the past - you’re not alone. Childhood trauma, difficult experiences, and unsupportive environments shape who we become as adults. Our pain points and inner conflicts often stem from wounds that never fully healed. ​Lasting change starts with self-awareness and understanding the root causes holding you back. Traditional talk therapy focuses mainly on the mind, but we know that the mind and body are deeply interconnected. Our approach recognizes this connection.
If you feel stuck, anxious, or held back by the past - you’re not alone. Childhood trauma, difficult experiences, and unsupportive environments shape who we become as adults. Our pain points and inner conflicts often stem from wounds that never fully healed. ​Lasting change starts with self-awareness and understanding the root causes holding you back. Traditional talk therapy focuses mainly on the mind, but we know that the mind and body are deeply interconnected. Our approach recognizes this connection.
(352) 309-5997 View (352) 309-5997
Photo of Healthful Guidance, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Alachua County, FL
Healthful Guidance
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Gainesville, FL 32608  (Online Only)
To evolve is to progress and develop gradually. Has life taken you to a state of being that is less than optimal? Are you ready to evolve! In life you will encounter struggles that sometimes leave you feeling stuck. I understand the struggles and the importance of quality of life. My goal is to help to you release and evolve. Let me be your guide.
To evolve is to progress and develop gradually. Has life taken you to a state of being that is less than optimal? Are you ready to evolve! In life you will encounter struggles that sometimes leave you feeling stuck. I understand the struggles and the importance of quality of life. My goal is to help to you release and evolve. Let me be your guide.
(352) 441-3946 View (352) 441-3946
Photo of Julie Anna Stout, Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern in Alachua County, FL
Julie Anna Stout
Registered Mental Health Counselor Intern, MS, CTP, RMHCI
Verified Verified
Gainesville, FL 32601
I felt called into the counseling field while working for a nonprofit as an advocate for human trafficking survivors. I have experience working with complex trauma survivors (sexual assault, domestic abuse, human trafficking, etc) helping them to become "unstuck" in their bodies and brains in order to heal naturally and resolve traumatic memories. I am passionate about helping trauma survivors heal through psychotherapy, and helping to educate the community about trauma informed care.
I felt called into the counseling field while working for a nonprofit as an advocate for human trafficking survivors. I have experience working with complex trauma survivors (sexual assault, domestic abuse, human trafficking, etc) helping them to become "unstuck" in their bodies and brains in order to heal naturally and resolve traumatic memories. I am passionate about helping trauma survivors heal through psychotherapy, and helping to educate the community about trauma informed care.
(352) 704-0632 View (352) 704-0632
Photo of Katherine M. Magee, Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern in Alachua County, FL
Katherine M. Magee
Registered Clinical Social Worker Intern, MSW, RCSWI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32606
I offer an empathic client-centered counseling experience which aims to enhance personal strengths, explore obstacles, and establish realistic goals for you to achieve life fulfillment as your most authentic self. My specializations include working with adults and adolescents who present with anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, perinatal mood disorders, trauma related disorders, personality disorders, relational problems, and adjustment disorders.
I offer an empathic client-centered counseling experience which aims to enhance personal strengths, explore obstacles, and establish realistic goals for you to achieve life fulfillment as your most authentic self. My specializations include working with adults and adolescents who present with anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, perinatal mood disorders, trauma related disorders, personality disorders, relational problems, and adjustment disorders.
(352) 612-3218 View (352) 612-3218
Photo of Peter L. Rudnytsky, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Alachua County, FL
Peter L. Rudnytsky
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
Gainesville, FL 32601
As a relationally oriented psychoanalyst with a Ph.D. in English from Yale, I offer in-depth, compassionate therapy that seeks to promote growth and change through understanding the root causes of your current problems. I am especially interested in working with patients who are open to committing to a long-term process and may have already tried other approaches without finding what they are looking for. If this could be you, please call me for a free consultation to see whether we might be a good fit.
As a relationally oriented psychoanalyst with a Ph.D. in English from Yale, I offer in-depth, compassionate therapy that seeks to promote growth and change through understanding the root causes of your current problems. I am especially interested in working with patients who are open to committing to a long-term process and may have already tried other approaches without finding what they are looking for. If this could be you, please call me for a free consultation to see whether we might be a good fit.
(352) 533-5062 View (352) 533-5062
Photo of Heather Wright, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Alachua County, FL
Heather Wright
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Gainesville, FL 32606  (Online Only)
I’m here to support and guide you while navigating what feels overwhelming and difficult right now. I work with ages 18+ struggling with anxiety, depression, grief, or coping with life transitions such as starting college, a new career, break-ups/divorce, loss of a loved one and healthfully navigating relationship issues. I also have 9 years experience supporting transgender folx- providing a safe, affirming space.
I’m here to support and guide you while navigating what feels overwhelming and difficult right now. I work with ages 18+ struggling with anxiety, depression, grief, or coping with life transitions such as starting college, a new career, break-ups/divorce, loss of a loved one and healthfully navigating relationship issues. I also have 9 years experience supporting transgender folx- providing a safe, affirming space.
(352) 703-0723 View (352) 703-0723
Photo of Miranda Johnson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Alachua County, FL
Miranda Johnson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32608  (Online Only)
You have so much to do, but you find yourself stuck on the couch. You are ambitious and driven. Some days you’re on top of the world, and others you feel like an imposter. You feel the pressure to keep it all together, balancing your job, relationships, and life... and you are tired. Beneath your successes is a whirlwind of second guessing, procrastinating, and perfectionism. Your anxiety has anxiety. You get in your own head and escape through mindless eating, drinking too much, doom scrolling, and sleepless nights. You have big goals, but a fog of self-doubt and fear of failure makes it hard to get going.
You have so much to do, but you find yourself stuck on the couch. You are ambitious and driven. Some days you’re on top of the world, and others you feel like an imposter. You feel the pressure to keep it all together, balancing your job, relationships, and life... and you are tired. Beneath your successes is a whirlwind of second guessing, procrastinating, and perfectionism. Your anxiety has anxiety. You get in your own head and escape through mindless eating, drinking too much, doom scrolling, and sleepless nights. You have big goals, but a fog of self-doubt and fear of failure makes it hard to get going.
(407) 214-4845 View (407) 214-4845
Photo of Ashley Waithe, Counselor in Alachua County, FL
Ashley Waithe
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Gainesville, FL 32607
Life is full of ups and downs which provide opportunities for growth. I believe our therapeutic relationship can create a safe, nurturing space where we can develop strategies to overcome negative thoughts and beliefs, and those feelings of overwhelm or uncertainty. I am dedicated to helping you overcome challenges and build strong, healthy relationships.
Life is full of ups and downs which provide opportunities for growth. I believe our therapeutic relationship can create a safe, nurturing space where we can develop strategies to overcome negative thoughts and beliefs, and those feelings of overwhelm or uncertainty. I am dedicated to helping you overcome challenges and build strong, healthy relationships.
(352) 987-8402 View (352) 987-8402
Photo of Julie Mishoe in Alachua County, FL
Julie Mishoe
MSW
Verified Verified
Gainesville, FL 32653  (Online Only)
Congratulations on taking the first step to finding someone to help you make the changes that you are seeking. Finding a new counselor can be overwhelming or intimidating, and I'm here to help when you're ready. I work with clients to help them find their strengths, let go of shame, and find joy and acceptance in who they are now. For clients that want to see positive changes, I will be there to come alongside of them to help them grow in ways that they see as true to themselves. Where do you see yourself in 6 months or a year from now?
Congratulations on taking the first step to finding someone to help you make the changes that you are seeking. Finding a new counselor can be overwhelming or intimidating, and I'm here to help when you're ready. I work with clients to help them find their strengths, let go of shame, and find joy and acceptance in who they are now. For clients that want to see positive changes, I will be there to come alongside of them to help them grow in ways that they see as true to themselves. Where do you see yourself in 6 months or a year from now?
(352) 618-6441 View (352) 618-6441

See more therapy options for Alachua County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Alachua County, FL

400+

Average cost per session

$135

Therapists in Alachua County, FL who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
89% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
79% Self Esteem
76% Stress
73% Coping Skills
70% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

85% Aetna
82% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
68% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Alachua County, FL see their clients

62% In Person and Online
38% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
20% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Alachua County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.