Trauma and PTSD Therapists in Washington, DC

Photo of Heather L. Gary, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Heather L. Gary
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20036
I have several years of specialized experience in grief/loss, trauma, and life/role transition issues.
Unexpected challenges, loss, or the simple momentum of life can sometimes make it hard to feel solid or know how to respond. Inner distress or outward behaviors can make it difficult to feel good about oneself or get along with others. At these times, one can benefit greatly from the support of a trained therapist to explore experiences, feelings, and concerns. I create a confidential supportive space where clients have the opportunity to draw upon their inner strengths and capacity to grow, discover new perspectives, tools, and options for behavior, and develop as individuals to improve their quality of life.
I have several years of specialized experience in grief/loss, trauma, and life/role transition issues.
Unexpected challenges, loss, or the simple momentum of life can sometimes make it hard to feel solid or know how to respond. Inner distress or outward behaviors can make it difficult to feel good about oneself or get along with others. At these times, one can benefit greatly from the support of a trained therapist to explore experiences, feelings, and concerns. I create a confidential supportive space where clients have the opportunity to draw upon their inner strengths and capacity to grow, discover new perspectives, tools, and options for behavior, and develop as individuals to improve their quality of life.
(202) 760-2746 View (202) 760-2746
Photo of Andrea Yudell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Andrea Yudell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036
Specialties: medical challenges, aging-related losses or caregiving related issues; trauma, treatment of anxiety.
There are times that you might feel stuck in patterns that make life feel unsatisfying and empty. Maybe you feel depressed, anxious or in chronic pain. You may be negotiating a relationship or trying to adjust to a new job. Psychotherapy allows you the space to understand how your past and present intersect and what gets in the way of living life to your fullest while also helping you to tap into your inner resources. My approach is collaborative, thus giving you the space to reflect carefully. I work with you to develop better coping skills and help you to understand & manage complex feelings of anxiety or sadness.
Specialties: medical challenges, aging-related losses or caregiving related issues; trauma, treatment of anxiety.
There are times that you might feel stuck in patterns that make life feel unsatisfying and empty. Maybe you feel depressed, anxious or in chronic pain. You may be negotiating a relationship or trying to adjust to a new job. Psychotherapy allows you the space to understand how your past and present intersect and what gets in the way of living life to your fullest while also helping you to tap into your inner resources. My approach is collaborative, thus giving you the space to reflect carefully. I work with you to develop better coping skills and help you to understand & manage complex feelings of anxiety or sadness.
(202) 759-7471 View (202) 759-7471
Photo of William G McVey, Licensed Professional Counselor in Washington, DC
William G McVey
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20009  (Online Only)
I have been in the field since 2013 providing psychotherapy regarding LGBTQ+ issues, addiction, sex, couples therapy, trauma, anger management, grief, adjustment issues, and mood disorders.
Life's journey can be intricate, layered, and unpredictable, often leaving us overwhelmed by anxiety and depression. As a Psychotherapist with a PhD in Clinical Sexology, I specialize in helping individuals regain control and find fulfillment. With a trauma-informed and integrative approach, including EMDR and cognitive-based therapy, I empower clients to transform their lives. Let's embark on a journey of healing and self-discovery together.
I have been in the field since 2013 providing psychotherapy regarding LGBTQ+ issues, addiction, sex, couples therapy, trauma, anger management, grief, adjustment issues, and mood disorders.
Life's journey can be intricate, layered, and unpredictable, often leaving us overwhelmed by anxiety and depression. As a Psychotherapist with a PhD in Clinical Sexology, I specialize in helping individuals regain control and find fulfillment. With a trauma-informed and integrative approach, including EMDR and cognitive-based therapy, I empower clients to transform their lives. Let's embark on a journey of healing and self-discovery together.
(202) 915-2081 View (202) 915-2081
Photo of Sara Sheikh, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Sara Sheikh
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, RYT-500
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20016
I provide a trauma-informed, somatic approach to healing that values staying curious and being fully present with each of my clients.
You might be coping with anxiety and stress that disrupts your quality of life, trying to heal from adverse life experiences, adjusting to a big change, or grieving a loss that carries a lot of significance and impact. You’re here because you’re looking for a safe, supportive, judgment free space to show up as yourself. You’ve tried traditional talk therapy but need something more. You’re ready to shed behaviors, feelings, and ways of thinking that no longer work for you. You’re motivated for a life that is infused with authenticity, purpose and connection.
I provide a trauma-informed, somatic approach to healing that values staying curious and being fully present with each of my clients.
You might be coping with anxiety and stress that disrupts your quality of life, trying to heal from adverse life experiences, adjusting to a big change, or grieving a loss that carries a lot of significance and impact. You’re here because you’re looking for a safe, supportive, judgment free space to show up as yourself. You’ve tried traditional talk therapy but need something more. You’re ready to shed behaviors, feelings, and ways of thinking that no longer work for you. You’re motivated for a life that is infused with authenticity, purpose and connection.
(202) 883-3339 View (202) 883-3339
Photo of Rachel Yutzy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Rachel Yutzy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSS , LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20002
I have worked in public health, & in private practice, specializing in grief, trauma, & traumatic loss.
I enjoy working with clients of all ages in individual, family, and group contexts. My practice is rooted in compassion and collaboration with clients and families, and I am experienced in working with clients through the lifespan regarding anxiety, OCD, trauma, and grief related issues. I excel in building a strong therapeutic relationship and believe this is the foundation of change and personal growth. I approach sessions with empathy and creativity, helping my clients as they learn to manage difficult emotions, navigate life’s many challenges, and cultivate healthy relationships.
I have worked in public health, & in private practice, specializing in grief, trauma, & traumatic loss.
I enjoy working with clients of all ages in individual, family, and group contexts. My practice is rooted in compassion and collaboration with clients and families, and I am experienced in working with clients through the lifespan regarding anxiety, OCD, trauma, and grief related issues. I excel in building a strong therapeutic relationship and believe this is the foundation of change and personal growth. I approach sessions with empathy and creativity, helping my clients as they learn to manage difficult emotions, navigate life’s many challenges, and cultivate healthy relationships.
(844) 719-3413 View (844) 719-3413
Photo of Lolade Bokini, Counselor in Washington, DC
Lolade Bokini
Counselor, LGPC
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20006  (Online Only)
Individuals living with anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, trauma, ADHD, substance use work with me to explore how relationships, systems, experiences and their various identities might affect mental health. You'll candidly process your experiences, identify triggers and learn more adaptive cognitive, behavioral and emotional strategies to alleviate, eliminate, manage or build resilience and improve functioning. I work with immigrants, Latinx, LGBTQIA+, AAPI and BIPOC individuals and am attuned to the ways in which historical injustices and political structures affect the mental health of individuals.
Individuals living with anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, trauma, ADHD, substance use work with me to explore how relationships, systems, experiences and their various identities might affect mental health. You'll candidly process your experiences, identify triggers and learn more adaptive cognitive, behavioral and emotional strategies to alleviate, eliminate, manage or build resilience and improve functioning. I work with immigrants, Latinx, LGBTQIA+, AAPI and BIPOC individuals and am attuned to the ways in which historical injustices and political structures affect the mental health of individuals.
(202) 883-7456 View (202) 883-7456
Photo of Charles Martinez | Anxiety Depression Ptsd | Sgb | Ketamine Therapy in Washington, DC
Charles Martinez | Anxiety Depression Ptsd | Sgb | Ketamine Therapy
FNP-BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20005
I am a Nurse Practitioner with over 15 years of experience as a family nurse practitioner and I and oversee Stella Center DC. We support clients experiencing anxiety, depression, PTSD, and TBI. We offer in-office medical treatments for mental health paired with trauma-informed integration therapy to bring dramatic healing in the window of transformation following treatment. Our protocols include medical and biopsychosocial assessments, ketamine infusions, the dual sympathetic reset (an advanced stellate ganglion block (SGB), integration therapy, and more.
I am a Nurse Practitioner with over 15 years of experience as a family nurse practitioner and I and oversee Stella Center DC. We support clients experiencing anxiety, depression, PTSD, and TBI. We offer in-office medical treatments for mental health paired with trauma-informed integration therapy to bring dramatic healing in the window of transformation following treatment. Our protocols include medical and biopsychosocial assessments, ketamine infusions, the dual sympathetic reset (an advanced stellate ganglion block (SGB), integration therapy, and more.
(202) 933-9267 View (202) 933-9267
Photo of Keltie Hawkins, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Keltie Hawkins
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20016
My expertise lies in treatment of complex trauma, PTSD, anxiety and depression.
I specialize in the treatment of unresolved trauma and difficult life experiences. But I also believe therapy is a comfortable space to get to know yourself better—and a vehicle for hope, whether you are in acute crisis, or simply feeling stuck. Through an integrative approach, I help you identify patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that may have begun early in life and continue to affect your relationships or your work.
My expertise lies in treatment of complex trauma, PTSD, anxiety and depression.
I specialize in the treatment of unresolved trauma and difficult life experiences. But I also believe therapy is a comfortable space to get to know yourself better—and a vehicle for hope, whether you are in acute crisis, or simply feeling stuck. Through an integrative approach, I help you identify patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that may have begun early in life and continue to affect your relationships or your work.
(202) 918-4218 View (202) 918-4218
Photo of Chloe Goldbach in Washington, DC
Chloe Goldbach
PhD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036
Hello! My name is Chloe (she/her). I am a white, lesbian, gray-ace, transgender woman-identified clinician. I am passionate about helping individuals understand how the unique intersection of their identities, cultural backgrounds, and social context can inform experiences of trauma, sources of strength and community, and shape other life challenges. I specialize in and am particularly passionate about working with transgender, nonbinary, and LGBQIA+ people and communities, and individuals experiencing outpatient disordered eating concerns, and how current struggles can be informed by past and ongoing experiences of trauma.
Hello! My name is Chloe (she/her). I am a white, lesbian, gray-ace, transgender woman-identified clinician. I am passionate about helping individuals understand how the unique intersection of their identities, cultural backgrounds, and social context can inform experiences of trauma, sources of strength and community, and shape other life challenges. I specialize in and am particularly passionate about working with transgender, nonbinary, and LGBQIA+ people and communities, and individuals experiencing outpatient disordered eating concerns, and how current struggles can be informed by past and ongoing experiences of trauma.
(202) 839-8334 View (202) 839-8334
Photo of Andromeda Peters, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Andromeda Peters
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20006  (Online Only)
I have a holistic and strength-based approach to healing utilizing mindfulness techniques in combination with trauma-focused healing to assist with PTSD, anxiety, and depression with brain education.
Do you ever feel like you’re alone in your emotional challenges? Managing our mental health is something we should never have to do alone. My life’s journey has led me to my passions in both the mental health and entertainment industries, allowing me to advocate for mental health resources internationally and provide therapy. I guide people to feel their power which does not lie in an ideal of perfection, but rather to find ourselves in a space where we can begin to meet ourselves where we are to heal with self-compassion. With gratitude, I am a guide to assist individuals with depression, anxiety, and PTSD, as well as couples.
I have a holistic and strength-based approach to healing utilizing mindfulness techniques in combination with trauma-focused healing to assist with PTSD, anxiety, and depression with brain education.
Do you ever feel like you’re alone in your emotional challenges? Managing our mental health is something we should never have to do alone. My life’s journey has led me to my passions in both the mental health and entertainment industries, allowing me to advocate for mental health resources internationally and provide therapy. I guide people to feel their power which does not lie in an ideal of perfection, but rather to find ourselves in a space where we can begin to meet ourselves where we are to heal with self-compassion. With gratitude, I am a guide to assist individuals with depression, anxiety, and PTSD, as well as couples.
(202) 937-0786 View (202) 937-0786
Photo of John Drollinger, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
John Drollinger
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20011  (Online Only)
Time and again, the same struggles can show up in relationships or at work. I know how hard it is to break the cycle. Other times, events and life changes challenge our ability to cope and accomplish what we need. Healing and self-discovery are possible in a safe and supportive therapy relationship. My goal is to help you create a rich and meaningful life and better navigate life's challenges. I work with folks facing a range of issues, with a specialty in trauma, burnout, relationship issues and eco-anxiety/climate grief. If you experience stress from caring for/about others and our environment, I am ready to support you.
Time and again, the same struggles can show up in relationships or at work. I know how hard it is to break the cycle. Other times, events and life changes challenge our ability to cope and accomplish what we need. Healing and self-discovery are possible in a safe and supportive therapy relationship. My goal is to help you create a rich and meaningful life and better navigate life's challenges. I work with folks facing a range of issues, with a specialty in trauma, burnout, relationship issues and eco-anxiety/climate grief. If you experience stress from caring for/about others and our environment, I am ready to support you.
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Photo of Carole Stovall, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Carole Stovall
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20008
Do you want a better life with more choices and success- every day? I am honored to work with clients to help them address life issues, trauma, anxiety, depression, medical illness & pain, relationship and general life issues to better live the life they chose. I work with you in a collaborative and interactive way. We work to help you understand what has happened in your life, but more importantly, how to address and create the meaningful changes, the life success, and happiness, that is most important to you to have your best life.
Do you want a better life with more choices and success- every day? I am honored to work with clients to help them address life issues, trauma, anxiety, depression, medical illness & pain, relationship and general life issues to better live the life they chose. I work with you in a collaborative and interactive way. We work to help you understand what has happened in your life, but more importantly, how to address and create the meaningful changes, the life success, and happiness, that is most important to you to have your best life.
(202) 759-2293 View (202) 759-2293
Photo of Jessica Mcdonald, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Jessica Mcdonald
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20005
My specialties include EMDR therapy, trauma, interpersonal/relationship concerns, self-esteem, adjustment issues, eating disorders, as well as identity development (LGBTQ, gender, cultural, etc.
Are you looking to make a change in your life or your relationships? Do you want to understand why you tend to repeat the same patterns again and again? I am here to help. I believe in the resilience that exists within all of us and the healing power of the therapeutic relationship. My role as a therapist is that of an active collaborator, working together with clients to explore and address current challenges. My most important job is creating a safe and empathic therapeutic environment which fosters individual growth and empowers clients to overcome obstacles and achieve their goals.
My specialties include EMDR therapy, trauma, interpersonal/relationship concerns, self-esteem, adjustment issues, eating disorders, as well as identity development (LGBTQ, gender, cultural, etc.
Are you looking to make a change in your life or your relationships? Do you want to understand why you tend to repeat the same patterns again and again? I am here to help. I believe in the resilience that exists within all of us and the healing power of the therapeutic relationship. My role as a therapist is that of an active collaborator, working together with clients to explore and address current challenges. My most important job is creating a safe and empathic therapeutic environment which fosters individual growth and empowers clients to overcome obstacles and achieve their goals.
(813) 452-4917 View (813) 452-4917
Photo of Sarah Holland, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Sarah Holland
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20036  (Online Only)
I am currently accepting new clients for daytime, virtual sessions. I help young adults process the unique challenges of their age, tame their inner critic and self-doubt, and heal from trauma. Together we will get really curious about what makes you tick and how your current patterns and coping mechanisms came to be. We can work through trauma, relationship issues, anxiety, shame and guilt, decision making, emotional regulation, feeling lost or purposeless, and building tangible coping skills. I utilize principles of Internal Family Systems, psychodynamic, somatic, and mindfulness-based therapies in my work.
I am currently accepting new clients for daytime, virtual sessions. I help young adults process the unique challenges of their age, tame their inner critic and self-doubt, and heal from trauma. Together we will get really curious about what makes you tick and how your current patterns and coping mechanisms came to be. We can work through trauma, relationship issues, anxiety, shame and guilt, decision making, emotional regulation, feeling lost or purposeless, and building tangible coping skills. I utilize principles of Internal Family Systems, psychodynamic, somatic, and mindfulness-based therapies in my work.
(202) 890-1828 View (202) 890-1828
Photo of Suzanne Miller Friedman, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Suzanne Miller Friedman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20016
I specialize in working with anxiety, depression, trauma/PSTD, and complex trauma.
It's essential for you to feel understood by your therapist. I strive to create an environment characterized by safety, trust, mutual respect, and even humor. The bond we form allows you to take the emotional risks necessary for deep exploration and enduring change. I offer a free consultation to help you decide if we'd be a good fit. Please join me for a cup of tea to share your story, chart a course for how we might work together, and ask any questions about therapy and how I can help you.
I specialize in working with anxiety, depression, trauma/PSTD, and complex trauma.
It's essential for you to feel understood by your therapist. I strive to create an environment characterized by safety, trust, mutual respect, and even humor. The bond we form allows you to take the emotional risks necessary for deep exploration and enduring change. I offer a free consultation to help you decide if we'd be a good fit. Please join me for a cup of tea to share your story, chart a course for how we might work together, and ask any questions about therapy and how I can help you.
(202) 301-3529 View (202) 301-3529
Photo of Carey Schwartz, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Carey Schwartz
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20003
Dr. Schwartz is a psychologist with many specialties including anxiety (OCD, GAD, Specific Phobias, Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety), depression, eating disorders, trauma and PTSD, insomnia, and substance use disorders. He typically works with late adolescents and adults from a variety of backgrounds. Dr. Schwartz primarily uses Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) though he frequently incorporates Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) skills training and acceptance-based approaches into his treatment.
Dr. Schwartz is a psychologist with many specialties including anxiety (OCD, GAD, Specific Phobias, Panic Disorder, Social Anxiety), depression, eating disorders, trauma and PTSD, insomnia, and substance use disorders. He typically works with late adolescents and adults from a variety of backgrounds. Dr. Schwartz primarily uses Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) though he frequently incorporates Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) skills training and acceptance-based approaches into his treatment.
(202) 335-7301 View (202) 335-7301
Photo of Duncan Price, Licensed Professional Counselor in Washington, DC
Duncan Price
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20036
My clinical expertise includes the treatment of mood disorders, addiction, and trauma.
My goal is to create a safe and accepting environment that allows us to better explore the issues you are facing. I believe that one of the most important elements of counseling is the therapeutic relationship. I value a trusting, open, and interactive relationship that allows us to improve insight into your struggles and issues, and develop a plan for recovery and healing.
My clinical expertise includes the treatment of mood disorders, addiction, and trauma.
My goal is to create a safe and accepting environment that allows us to better explore the issues you are facing. I believe that one of the most important elements of counseling is the therapeutic relationship. I value a trusting, open, and interactive relationship that allows us to improve insight into your struggles and issues, and develop a plan for recovery and healing.
(202) 601-3836 View (202) 601-3836
Photo of Anne-Marie Deutsch, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Anne-Marie Deutsch
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20005  (Online Only)
After many years as a psychotherapist working with adults, I’ve learned the best therapy is whatever encourages my clients to be curious about themselves and motivated to change what they really want to change while embracing what doesn’t need to change at all. Whether you are looking to work on anxiety, stress, family or relationship issues, work problems, trauma, sleep disorders, depression, or chronic illness – psychotherapy is a process that can help, and I will be happy to join you on that journey.
After many years as a psychotherapist working with adults, I’ve learned the best therapy is whatever encourages my clients to be curious about themselves and motivated to change what they really want to change while embracing what doesn’t need to change at all. Whether you are looking to work on anxiety, stress, family or relationship issues, work problems, trauma, sleep disorders, depression, or chronic illness – psychotherapy is a process that can help, and I will be happy to join you on that journey.
(202) 972-2055 View (202) 972-2055
Photo of Roshni Chatterjee, Licensed Professional Counselor in Washington, DC
Roshni Chatterjee
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LCPC
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036
My practice is built on the core principles of Trauma-Informed Care. I serve diverse group of adults in my practice who struggle with anxiety, depression, childhood trauma, relationship issues, grief etc. Clients benefit from psychoeducation, expressing conflicting feelings, increased self-awareness and implementing cognitive strategies. I also have a sub-speciality that focuses on serving the South Asian diaspora - specifically around issues of generational clashes, agency and choice, and other immigrant issues.
My practice is built on the core principles of Trauma-Informed Care. I serve diverse group of adults in my practice who struggle with anxiety, depression, childhood trauma, relationship issues, grief etc. Clients benefit from psychoeducation, expressing conflicting feelings, increased self-awareness and implementing cognitive strategies. I also have a sub-speciality that focuses on serving the South Asian diaspora - specifically around issues of generational clashes, agency and choice, and other immigrant issues.
(202) 798-1380 View (202) 798-1380
Photo of Raven E. Jenerson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Raven E. Jenerson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20003  (Online Only)
My inclusive, holistic approach integrates trauma-informed, intersectional, cultural and creative practices into my healing work with folx navigating trauma, inner child wounds, low self-esteem, life after foster care or adoption, anxiety, depression, addictions, substance use, triggers or flashbacks associated with intimate partner or sexual violence.
There are many layers and textures in each of our stories and individual healing journeys, that may make us believe that healing is impossible or that inner wellness after trauma is unattainable. You are worthy and capable of the healing you're envisioning. For many of us, a safe healing space is the first step in that journey back to self and is the support we’ve been searching for to become the next best version of ourselves. Together, we co-create the space you need to celebrate your innate wisdom; restore trust in your intuition and voice; and nurture your growth towards more healing and easeful living.
My inclusive, holistic approach integrates trauma-informed, intersectional, cultural and creative practices into my healing work with folx navigating trauma, inner child wounds, low self-esteem, life after foster care or adoption, anxiety, depression, addictions, substance use, triggers or flashbacks associated with intimate partner or sexual violence.
There are many layers and textures in each of our stories and individual healing journeys, that may make us believe that healing is impossible or that inner wellness after trauma is unattainable. You are worthy and capable of the healing you're envisioning. For many of us, a safe healing space is the first step in that journey back to self and is the support we’ve been searching for to become the next best version of ourselves. Together, we co-create the space you need to celebrate your innate wisdom; restore trust in your intuition and voice; and nurture your growth towards more healing and easeful living.
(202) 968-3476 View (202) 968-3476

Trauma and PTSD Therapists

When should I seek treatment for trauma?

Not everyone who undergoes trauma needs therapy to heal, but many do. If, after experiencing a traumatic event, you find yourself struggling with symptoms such as nightmares, dissociation, irritability, or emotional numbness—especially if these symptoms last more than a month and are severe enough to interfere with your daily functioning—you may benefit from seeking out therapy with a trauma-informed provider.

How long does trauma therapy take?

Different types of therapy for trauma unfold on different timelines. Prolonged exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy, for example, each take about three months, while trauma-informed CBT may last anywhere from 8 to 25 sessions. Other approaches, especially those that are less structured or that incorporate elements from multiple modalities, may be more open-ended, though many patients report feeling better within the first few months of treatment.

What happens if trauma is left untreated?

Unaddressed trauma can have serious—even devastating—effects on relationships, career, and day-to-day functioning. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can lead people to distrust or lash out at others, making it difficult to maintain intimate relationships; it can also trigger symptoms such as flashbacks or hyperreactivity that can interfere with a person’s ability to function effectively, personally and/or professionally. Some sufferers turn to drugs to find relief. Symptoms may lessen on their own with time, but there is no guarantee that PTSD will resolve on its own.

Can PTSD come back after treatment?

It is possible for PTSD symptoms to recur months or years after successful treatment. This is because, like most mental health disorders, it is not possible to “cure” PTSD, and stressful life events may cause symptoms to recur in even the most resilient individuals. There is no shame in re-experiencing PTSD symptoms nor in returning to therapy when such relapses occur; indeed, many forms of trauma therapy explicitly encourage periodic “maintenance sessions” to reinforce coping skills and ensure that symptoms stay manageable.