Depression Therapists in Washington, DC

Photo of Justine Lassman, PsyD, Pre-Licensed Professional
Justine Lassman
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036
Anxiety and depression are concerns for people of all ages and frequently contribute to feelings of stress. I work closely with individuals whose struggles are getting in the way of developing safe, loving relationships and achieving objectives as well as those who are facing major life transition and feeling overwhelmed. Providing a warm, supportive relationship, I work with clients to identify and change patterns of behavior that are troubling them. For all of us, within the context of major stressors and recent or distant traumas, opportunities are present for identifying and building on our strengths.
Anxiety and depression are concerns for people of all ages and frequently contribute to feelings of stress. I work closely with individuals whose struggles are getting in the way of developing safe, loving relationships and achieving objectives as well as those who are facing major life transition and feeling overwhelmed. Providing a warm, supportive relationship, I work with clients to identify and change patterns of behavior that are troubling them. For all of us, within the context of major stressors and recent or distant traumas, opportunities are present for identifying and building on our strengths.
(202) 804-0997 View (202) 804-0997
Photo of Lisa Wilson, MSW, LICSW, RPT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lisa Wilson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, RPT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20011
Knowing when to reach out for help is one of the most important things in life - I'm glad you're here. I work with clients to address anxiety, depression, trauma, and travel phobias; to navigate grief, life transitions, and relationship issues; and to establish a healthy sense of self that doesn't change with other people's opinions. I also work with individuals who aren't sure at first what they want to work on but have a vague sense that they aren't as happy as they want to be. Whatever the concern, we explore it in a safe and relaxed atmosphere and agree together on a plan to move forward.
Knowing when to reach out for help is one of the most important things in life - I'm glad you're here. I work with clients to address anxiety, depression, trauma, and travel phobias; to navigate grief, life transitions, and relationship issues; and to establish a healthy sense of self that doesn't change with other people's opinions. I also work with individuals who aren't sure at first what they want to work on but have a vague sense that they aren't as happy as they want to be. Whatever the concern, we explore it in a safe and relaxed atmosphere and agree together on a plan to move forward.
(202) 931-0849 View (202) 931-0849
Photo of Naveed Khan, LPC, MPH, Licensed Professional Counselor
Naveed Khan
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MPH
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20006  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
The most immediate benefit of one-on-one work is that it pulls you out of the automaticity of life. It is only when we choose to step out of our regular schedules, that we are able to reflect, assess, reorient, plan, and finally pivot. Whether you are experiencing a lack of motivation, crying spells, racing thoughts, and/or other symptoms of stress, depression, or anxiety - I will support you through this period. Although I am trained in a number of therapy modalities, my initial focus is to understand your experiences at the present moment.
The most immediate benefit of one-on-one work is that it pulls you out of the automaticity of life. It is only when we choose to step out of our regular schedules, that we are able to reflect, assess, reorient, plan, and finally pivot. Whether you are experiencing a lack of motivation, crying spells, racing thoughts, and/or other symptoms of stress, depression, or anxiety - I will support you through this period. Although I am trained in a number of therapy modalities, my initial focus is to understand your experiences at the present moment.
(202) 798-4628 View (202) 798-4628
Photo of Prell Gross, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Prell Gross
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20002  (Online Only)
You've been able to manage "it" by yourself for a while, but something still doesn't feel right, right? "Something's off". You might have asked yourself is this normal stress or anxiety? Am I just sad or depressed? Why am I so annoyed with things lately? I'm here to listen to you - the right way and help you gain some clarity and regain control. My goal is to help you identify what's needed in order to make things better & get it. I'm here to support your personal growth & awareness in ways that feel most genuine to YOU! Our sessions will be honest, informative, collaborative, productive, & thought-provoking. Let's get to work!
You've been able to manage "it" by yourself for a while, but something still doesn't feel right, right? "Something's off". You might have asked yourself is this normal stress or anxiety? Am I just sad or depressed? Why am I so annoyed with things lately? I'm here to listen to you - the right way and help you gain some clarity and regain control. My goal is to help you identify what's needed in order to make things better & get it. I'm here to support your personal growth & awareness in ways that feel most genuine to YOU! Our sessions will be honest, informative, collaborative, productive, & thought-provoking. Let's get to work!
(202) 946-2917 View (202) 946-2917
Photo of Shannon Jordan - iHeal Wellness Therapy and Consulting, LLC, PhD, LCSW-C, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
iHeal Wellness Therapy and Consulting, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW-C, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20006
We specialize in anxiety, depression, relationship and family issues, job stress, major life crises, and life transitions.
Are you dealing with stress, relationship issues, mood disorders, career/professional concerns, or life transitions? Are you feeling overwhelmed and imbalanced? When this happens, everything else suffers from your personal to your professional life, including how you feel. You may find it challenging to find the right therapist who can help you heal. Just know that you are not alone. It can be difficult to seek therapy, especially if you tried it before and felt like it didn't work. “One size does not fit all.” Our approaches are tailored to the needs of each individual to help you find long lasting solutions. We can help.
We specialize in anxiety, depression, relationship and family issues, job stress, major life crises, and life transitions.
Are you dealing with stress, relationship issues, mood disorders, career/professional concerns, or life transitions? Are you feeling overwhelmed and imbalanced? When this happens, everything else suffers from your personal to your professional life, including how you feel. You may find it challenging to find the right therapist who can help you heal. Just know that you are not alone. It can be difficult to seek therapy, especially if you tried it before and felt like it didn't work. “One size does not fit all.” Our approaches are tailored to the needs of each individual to help you find long lasting solutions. We can help.
(202) 952-9428 View (202) 952-9428
Photo of Janis Leslie Evans, MEd, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Janis Leslie Evans
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20006
Symptoms of anxiety and depression can become overwhelming to a point where it's hard to believe you can get better.
Evans Counseling & Consultation, PLLC, is focused on providing individualized service and satisfaction. As your therapist, my hope is to meet your expectations as you seek to have your needs resolved through counseling. My goal is to build an alliance with you that promotes your dignity and respect while preserving your trust. Deeply rooted in faith and spirituality, I relate to my clients with genuine caring, sensitivity, and a keen listening ear. These basic principles will create a strong foundation to ensure your comfort and emotional safety, as I assist you on your journey toward healing and return to optimal living.
Symptoms of anxiety and depression can become overwhelming to a point where it's hard to believe you can get better.
Evans Counseling & Consultation, PLLC, is focused on providing individualized service and satisfaction. As your therapist, my hope is to meet your expectations as you seek to have your needs resolved through counseling. My goal is to build an alliance with you that promotes your dignity and respect while preserving your trust. Deeply rooted in faith and spirituality, I relate to my clients with genuine caring, sensitivity, and a keen listening ear. These basic principles will create a strong foundation to ensure your comfort and emotional safety, as I assist you on your journey toward healing and return to optimal living.
(202) 670-1923 View (202) 670-1923
Photo of Amy Anne Gomez, Pre-Licensed Professional
Amy Anne Gomez
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20036
I am committed to providing a safe and non-judgmental space for you to explore your thoughts, emotions, and experiences. I am passionate about helping clients navigate through anxiety, depression, life shifts, relationships, dating, sexuality, gender, and trauma. I advocate for a sex-positive atmosphere, believing that sexuality is a vital part of human identity. Together, we'll explore the stories that shape your life, allowing you to better understand yourself and the patterns that may be holding you back.
I am committed to providing a safe and non-judgmental space for you to explore your thoughts, emotions, and experiences. I am passionate about helping clients navigate through anxiety, depression, life shifts, relationships, dating, sexuality, gender, and trauma. I advocate for a sex-positive atmosphere, believing that sexuality is a vital part of human identity. Together, we'll explore the stories that shape your life, allowing you to better understand yourself and the patterns that may be holding you back.
(855) 574-0561 x705 View (855) 574-0561 x705
Photo of Kirk Hamilton, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kirk Hamilton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20003  (Online Only)
I specialize in Anxiety, Depression, PTSD, Adjustment Disorders, and ADHD.
I have worked as a clinical social worker in the areas of foster-care, child welfare, juvenile justice, investigations, and community mental health for most of his career
I specialize in Anxiety, Depression, PTSD, Adjustment Disorders, and ADHD.
I have worked as a clinical social worker in the areas of foster-care, child welfare, juvenile justice, investigations, and community mental health for most of his career
(844) 734-5046 View (844) 734-5046
Photo of Laura J Winton, MSW, LICSW, LCSW-C, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Laura J Winton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20016
"Lives, hopes and dreams can be actualized." My approach is open minded and non-judgmental, embracing individuality and strength while assisting the development of understanding and acceptance. In my 33 years of experience providing psychotherapy, I have developed expertise in individualized treatment of anxiety, depression, mood disorders, substance use and trauma. I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Dialectic Behavioral Therapy. Working with young adults and adults, I offer individualized specialized therapy. Treatment offered targets understanding and management of emotions, surviving and managing crisis, being present and mindful, interpersonal effectiveness, and learning to think and behave in ways that enhance life and building a better future.
"Lives, hopes and dreams can be actualized." My approach is open minded and non-judgmental, embracing individuality and strength while assisting the development of understanding and acceptance. In my 33 years of experience providing psychotherapy, I have developed expertise in individualized treatment of anxiety, depression, mood disorders, substance use and trauma. I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Dialectic Behavioral Therapy. Working with young adults and adults, I offer individualized specialized therapy. Treatment offered targets understanding and management of emotions, surviving and managing crisis, being present and mindful, interpersonal effectiveness, and learning to think and behave in ways that enhance life and building a better future.
(301) 804-2287 View (301) 804-2287
Photo of Bentley Noland, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Bentley Noland
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20005
Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, biploar disorder, or have experienced trauma? Have you self-medicated in an attempt to manage your emotions? You can expect supportive, practical help in overcoming trauma, the treatment of mood disorders, and recovery from substance abuse and behavioral addictions. Therapy will be tailored to your needs, using the tools that work best for you, including Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Cognitive Restructuring (a core technique from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), and learning stress reduction skills. In therapy, you can build lasting alternatives to unhealthy family dynamics.
Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, biploar disorder, or have experienced trauma? Have you self-medicated in an attempt to manage your emotions? You can expect supportive, practical help in overcoming trauma, the treatment of mood disorders, and recovery from substance abuse and behavioral addictions. Therapy will be tailored to your needs, using the tools that work best for you, including Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Cognitive Restructuring (a core technique from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), and learning stress reduction skills. In therapy, you can build lasting alternatives to unhealthy family dynamics.
(202) 831-1608 View (202) 831-1608
Photo of Najiya Shanaa, LICSW, LCSW-C, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Najiya Shanaa
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20010  (Online Only)
I have two decades of experience working with people affected by trauma and assault, childhood abuse, PTSD, loss and grief, LGBTQ+ issues, substance abuse, depression, anxiety and other mood disorders. I enjoy working with adults of all ages who are in life transitions or who may feel stuck as they try to move forward professionally or in their personal relationships. My clients are a rich mix of all races, cultures, ages, genders/sexual identities and religions. I am personally aware of the multicultural social and relational issues that many face. In the end, what we all want is to find happiness in our lives.
I have two decades of experience working with people affected by trauma and assault, childhood abuse, PTSD, loss and grief, LGBTQ+ issues, substance abuse, depression, anxiety and other mood disorders. I enjoy working with adults of all ages who are in life transitions or who may feel stuck as they try to move forward professionally or in their personal relationships. My clients are a rich mix of all races, cultures, ages, genders/sexual identities and religions. I am personally aware of the multicultural social and relational issues that many face. In the end, what we all want is to find happiness in our lives.
(202) 915-7827 View (202) 915-7827
Photo of John J Hartman, PhD, FABP, Psychologist
John J Hartman
Psychologist, PhD, FABP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20015
I see people who are experiencing anxiety, depression, or other unpleasant emotions who want to learn more about themselves as a way of relieving their stress. These unpleasant emotions may involve problems in work, school, or close interpersonal relationships.
I see people who are experiencing anxiety, depression, or other unpleasant emotions who want to learn more about themselves as a way of relieving their stress. These unpleasant emotions may involve problems in work, school, or close interpersonal relationships.
(813) 701-2459 View (813) 701-2459
Photo of Christine Jackson, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Christine Jackson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036
Modern society requires many people to have so many roles, responsibilities, and obligations that they feel fragmented; many develop anxiety, depression, eating disorders, and other emotional problems as a result. I understand how hard it can be to live a life that sustains and honors your values without giving in to 'business as usual,' and I can help you heal the fractures.
Modern society requires many people to have so many roles, responsibilities, and obligations that they feel fragmented; many develop anxiety, depression, eating disorders, and other emotional problems as a result. I understand how hard it can be to live a life that sustains and honors your values without giving in to 'business as usual,' and I can help you heal the fractures.
(202) 600-9644 View (202) 600-9644
Photo of Genevieve Loving, MS, LGPC, NCC, Counselor
Genevieve Loving
Counselor, MS, LGPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20009  (Online Only)
I'm skilled in helping clients who are dealing with but not limited to anxiety, depression, eating disorders, relationship issues, anger and stress management. My theorectical approaches help my clients acquire new, necessary skills and ways of learning how to be more self aware in order to promote self actualization to help change behaviors that cause problems in their daily lives. My therapeutic practices help my clients look at their own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. I help my clients replace negative thoughts with more positive and realistic ones. Everyday is a second chance!
I'm skilled in helping clients who are dealing with but not limited to anxiety, depression, eating disorders, relationship issues, anger and stress management. My theorectical approaches help my clients acquire new, necessary skills and ways of learning how to be more self aware in order to promote self actualization to help change behaviors that cause problems in their daily lives. My therapeutic practices help my clients look at their own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. I help my clients replace negative thoughts with more positive and realistic ones. Everyday is a second chance!
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Photo of Liza McMahon-Brlansky, LICSW, LCSW-C, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Liza McMahon-Brlansky
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20002  (Online Only)
I want for clients to have a safe and non-judgmental space to heal and explore their experiences to find meaning. My interest and experience is with queer topics and populations, depression, anxiety, trauma and trauma related disorders, substance abuse, psychosis and mood disorders.
I want for clients to have a safe and non-judgmental space to heal and explore their experiences to find meaning. My interest and experience is with queer topics and populations, depression, anxiety, trauma and trauma related disorders, substance abuse, psychosis and mood disorders.
(202) 980-4468 View (202) 980-4468
Photo of Barbara J Suter, PhD, Psychologist
Barbara J Suter
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20015  (Online Only)
First we together bring rapid relief from your current upsets (e.g., anxiety, depression), before moving on to any deeper issues. We work together directly, actively, and with care, focusing on mutually agreed upon goals. Together we work emphasizing strengths as well as dealing with problems. A collaborative partnership with you yields the best outcomes within the shortest amount of time. Understanding your family is important in our work: the current family and the family of the past. Support for families experiencing drug/alcohol crises is available. Free initial consultation by telephone. email me at drbarbarajsuter@gmail.com
First we together bring rapid relief from your current upsets (e.g., anxiety, depression), before moving on to any deeper issues. We work together directly, actively, and with care, focusing on mutually agreed upon goals. Together we work emphasizing strengths as well as dealing with problems. A collaborative partnership with you yields the best outcomes within the shortest amount of time. Understanding your family is important in our work: the current family and the family of the past. Support for families experiencing drug/alcohol crises is available. Free initial consultation by telephone. email me at drbarbarajsuter@gmail.com
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Photo of Athena Gavaris, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Athena Gavaris
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20036
I work with people struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, traumatic events, and chronic illness.
Have you not found success with other therapy experiences? Let’s meet. For over 25 years, I have been providing psychotherapy services to individuals and couples. It is a pleasure to see clients grow, resolve problems, and begin to live and feel in ways they never imagined. I create a safe, supportive, and affirming environment for exploring and gaining insight into the challenges you face, and together we will find new ways to understand, and address them. My goal is to help you find meaningful and lasting solutions that improve your mood, sense of well being, and relationships.
I work with people struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, traumatic events, and chronic illness.
Have you not found success with other therapy experiences? Let’s meet. For over 25 years, I have been providing psychotherapy services to individuals and couples. It is a pleasure to see clients grow, resolve problems, and begin to live and feel in ways they never imagined. I create a safe, supportive, and affirming environment for exploring and gaining insight into the challenges you face, and together we will find new ways to understand, and address them. My goal is to help you find meaningful and lasting solutions that improve your mood, sense of well being, and relationships.
(202) 759-5433 View (202) 759-5433
Photo of Sylvia Pauling, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Sylvia Pauling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20005
My areas of specialty are anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, intimate partner violence, domestic violence and relationship issues.
I am a licensed professional counselor with over 30 years of experience in the treatment of mental health. I have a passion for my private practice. I believe in a holistic approach where I help clients to develop a treatment plan for clinical psychotherapy that is tailored specific to the client's individual needs. My treatment includes a collaborative client-therapist approach , which emphasizes the individual's strengths and insights and is based upon a balance of body, mind and soul. The client is at the center of my work. I'm passionate about helping clients reach their treatment goals.
My areas of specialty are anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, intimate partner violence, domestic violence and relationship issues.
I am a licensed professional counselor with over 30 years of experience in the treatment of mental health. I have a passion for my private practice. I believe in a holistic approach where I help clients to develop a treatment plan for clinical psychotherapy that is tailored specific to the client's individual needs. My treatment includes a collaborative client-therapist approach , which emphasizes the individual's strengths and insights and is based upon a balance of body, mind and soul. The client is at the center of my work. I'm passionate about helping clients reach their treatment goals.
(202) 813-1699 View (202) 813-1699
Photo of Paul J. Schmidt, PsyD, Psychologist
Paul J. Schmidt
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20036
I am a licensed clinical psychologist practicing near Dupont Circle in Washington, DC with training from the George Washington University and the Washington Baltimore Center for Psychoanalysis. I have been successful in helping adolescents and adults coping with issues such as stress/anxiety, depression, and relationship challenges alleviate their discomfort. I put a high premium on creating a non-judgmental, safe environment where we can collaboratively explore life patterns that cause pain and sadness as I work to empower patients to establish more positive coping strategies that will lead to lasting relief.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist practicing near Dupont Circle in Washington, DC with training from the George Washington University and the Washington Baltimore Center for Psychoanalysis. I have been successful in helping adolescents and adults coping with issues such as stress/anxiety, depression, and relationship challenges alleviate their discomfort. I put a high premium on creating a non-judgmental, safe environment where we can collaboratively explore life patterns that cause pain and sadness as I work to empower patients to establish more positive coping strategies that will lead to lasting relief.
(202) 883-6093 View (202) 883-6093
Photo of Lindsay A. Perrin, PhD, Psychologist
Lindsay A. Perrin
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20037  (Online Only)
I specialize in addressing depression, anxiety, relationship conflicts, identity development, and working with the LGBT community as an affirming therapist.
I take an eclectic approach to therapy and integrate many treatment modalities, including behavioral, cognitive, dialectic, and relational. In this way, I incorporate many different tools and techniques into a collaborative therapeutic relationship that is tailored to the needs of each individual client. I strive to create a safe and non-judgmental space for individuals so that they can talk openly about their concerns without fear of stigma or criticism. Please see my website www.DrLindsayPerrin.com for additional information.
I specialize in addressing depression, anxiety, relationship conflicts, identity development, and working with the LGBT community as an affirming therapist.
I take an eclectic approach to therapy and integrate many treatment modalities, including behavioral, cognitive, dialectic, and relational. In this way, I incorporate many different tools and techniques into a collaborative therapeutic relationship that is tailored to the needs of each individual client. I strive to create a safe and non-judgmental space for individuals so that they can talk openly about their concerns without fear of stigma or criticism. Please see my website www.DrLindsayPerrin.com for additional information.
(202) 796-5808 View (202) 796-5808
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Depression Therapists

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognize and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioral activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.