Autism Therapists in Washington, DC

Photo of Megan M Herbets, Licensed Professional Counselor in Washington, DC
Megan M Herbets
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20016
She has experience working with children diagnosed with a range of learning disabilities, Autism and Asperger’s.
Oftentimes, we lose sight of what we truly want for ourselves. Megan’s goal is to empower you to focus on your own experiences rather than on what others expect of you. Born and raised in the Washington Metro area, Megan understands firsthand how the stress of the DMV lifestyle can affect one’s personal life, work life and home life. Clients describe Megan as being creative, quirky, empathetic and reliable. Megan has seven years of experience helping children and adults work through behavioral and emotional struggles related to depression, PTSD, grief, substance abuse, eating disorders, body image, anxiety, family and sexuality.
She has experience working with children diagnosed with a range of learning disabilities, Autism and Asperger’s.
Oftentimes, we lose sight of what we truly want for ourselves. Megan’s goal is to empower you to focus on your own experiences rather than on what others expect of you. Born and raised in the Washington Metro area, Megan understands firsthand how the stress of the DMV lifestyle can affect one’s personal life, work life and home life. Clients describe Megan as being creative, quirky, empathetic and reliable. Megan has seven years of experience helping children and adults work through behavioral and emotional struggles related to depression, PTSD, grief, substance abuse, eating disorders, body image, anxiety, family and sexuality.
(202) 743-7505 View (202) 743-7505
Photo of Michaela Hinson in Washington, DC
Michaela Hinson
LGSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20002
I specialize in supporting queer individuals navigating Autism, ADHD, and chronic illness intersections.
Life's journey as a neurodivergent person often feels like a tightrope walk. There are so many barriers that hinder access to essential services, like education, jobs, and social inclusion. Constantly adapting to an environment that often disregards your needs can significantly impact your emotional and physical well-being, at times pushing you to the brink of burnout or shutdown. For those who are also part of the queer community, these challenges can intensify and, from time to time, give rise to a sense of isolation, as if you're navigating these obstacles all on your own.
I specialize in supporting queer individuals navigating Autism, ADHD, and chronic illness intersections.
Life's journey as a neurodivergent person often feels like a tightrope walk. There are so many barriers that hinder access to essential services, like education, jobs, and social inclusion. Constantly adapting to an environment that often disregards your needs can significantly impact your emotional and physical well-being, at times pushing you to the brink of burnout or shutdown. For those who are also part of the queer community, these challenges can intensify and, from time to time, give rise to a sense of isolation, as if you're navigating these obstacles all on your own.
(202) 914-5393 View (202) 914-5393
Photo of Dr. Taylor Day, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Dr. Taylor Day
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20016  (Online Only)
Did you know autism can be diagnosed in children as young as 14 months of age? So often parents are told to "wait and see" despite having concerns about their child's development. As a child psychologist, I have expertise in the early diagnosis and intervention of autism. I have over a decade of experience conducting gold-standard evaluations for autism and research to advance knowledge about early autism signs with over 25 peer-reviewed publications/book chapters. I offer both diagnosis and intervention services for families of young children via telehealth throughout the country (select states). Contact me for a FREE consult!
Did you know autism can be diagnosed in children as young as 14 months of age? So often parents are told to "wait and see" despite having concerns about their child's development. As a child psychologist, I have expertise in the early diagnosis and intervention of autism. I have over a decade of experience conducting gold-standard evaluations for autism and research to advance knowledge about early autism signs with over 25 peer-reviewed publications/book chapters. I offer both diagnosis and intervention services for families of young children via telehealth throughout the country (select states). Contact me for a FREE consult!
(412) 837-0965 View (412) 837-0965
Photo of Laura Place, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Laura Place
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20016  (Online Only)
The really fun part of being a therapist is getting to work with people whose brains all work differently from each other, whether it's because of ADHD, autism, trauma or anything else.
You've been on a journey just to figure out who you are and even though some of the pieces have come together, you could use a hand figuring out what to do with those pieces. Or you know just who you are and what you want for your life, but you can't seem to figure out how to manage the day to day challenges of adulting that everyone else seems to breeze through. You know you want and need a change, but you're not sure how to get there-and you've gotten pretty discouraged when you try without getting the results you need. I'm here to be a skilled and experienced guide to help you along any and all of those journeys.
The really fun part of being a therapist is getting to work with people whose brains all work differently from each other, whether it's because of ADHD, autism, trauma or anything else.
You've been on a journey just to figure out who you are and even though some of the pieces have come together, you could use a hand figuring out what to do with those pieces. Or you know just who you are and what you want for your life, but you can't seem to figure out how to manage the day to day challenges of adulting that everyone else seems to breeze through. You know you want and need a change, but you're not sure how to get there-and you've gotten pretty discouraged when you try without getting the results you need. I'm here to be a skilled and experienced guide to help you along any and all of those journeys.
(443) 645-8232 View (443) 645-8232
Photo of Griff Doyle, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Griff Doyle
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20016  (Online Only)
My involvement with autism involves a 30 year deep immersion in practicing, teaching, and endlessly learning how to effectively improve developmental trajectories for children and adults with neurological-developmental disorders through relationship-based, dyadic interventions.
I have spent 42 years treating adults and couples suffering from depression, disabling anxiety, repeated relational problems, trauma, and grief.I also speciaize in child developmental and play therapies with a range of challenges for which I design treatment plans individually. I determine the course of child treatment according to my assessment of their level of development. I involve parents to varying extents in the therapy. Over the years, I have become most specialized working with separation/divorce, attachment, anxiety, depression, behavioral, and neuro-developmental, and adoption difficulties for children and their families.
My involvement with autism involves a 30 year deep immersion in practicing, teaching, and endlessly learning how to effectively improve developmental trajectories for children and adults with neurological-developmental disorders through relationship-based, dyadic interventions.
I have spent 42 years treating adults and couples suffering from depression, disabling anxiety, repeated relational problems, trauma, and grief.I also speciaize in child developmental and play therapies with a range of challenges for which I design treatment plans individually. I determine the course of child treatment according to my assessment of their level of development. I involve parents to varying extents in the therapy. Over the years, I have become most specialized working with separation/divorce, attachment, anxiety, depression, behavioral, and neuro-developmental, and adoption difficulties for children and their families.
(301) 652-8308 View (301) 652-8308
Photo of Dr. Kara Goobic, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Dr. Kara Goobic
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20009
I have been described as a down-to-earth psychologist who integrates humor and compassion with a pragmatic, problem-solving approach to help clients reach their goals. I provide psychotherapeutic services to adults with autism spectrum, attention deficit, and other co-occurring disorders. My work involves concrete, structured interventions along with support and guidance that can be utilized in different settings. As a specialist in autism spectrum disorders, I also conduct autism spectrum evaluations for adults.
I have been described as a down-to-earth psychologist who integrates humor and compassion with a pragmatic, problem-solving approach to help clients reach their goals. I provide psychotherapeutic services to adults with autism spectrum, attention deficit, and other co-occurring disorders. My work involves concrete, structured interventions along with support and guidance that can be utilized in different settings. As a specialist in autism spectrum disorders, I also conduct autism spectrum evaluations for adults.
(301) 804-2055 View (301) 804-2055
Photo of Maryland Neuropsychological Services, LLC, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Maryland Neuropsychological Services, LLC
Psychologist, PsyD, NCC
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20500
Two areas of intensive specialization are in autism and in trauma treatment.
Services provided by a pediatric neuropsychologist who is also a licensed clinical psychologist, in the state of Maryland. Therapy is provided to individuals across the lifespan (children and adults). Client issues we can help with includes grief, stress management, anxiety, depression, life issues, compulsions and obsessions, and an umbrella of sexual issues (including voyeurism, exhibitionism, pedophilia, sexuality and issues having sex, and more), neurodevelopmental disorders (autism/ADHD), and trauma. Founder: Dr. Sarah Gardner, PsyD, NCC
Two areas of intensive specialization are in autism and in trauma treatment.
Services provided by a pediatric neuropsychologist who is also a licensed clinical psychologist, in the state of Maryland. Therapy is provided to individuals across the lifespan (children and adults). Client issues we can help with includes grief, stress management, anxiety, depression, life issues, compulsions and obsessions, and an umbrella of sexual issues (including voyeurism, exhibitionism, pedophilia, sexuality and issues having sex, and more), neurodevelopmental disorders (autism/ADHD), and trauma. Founder: Dr. Sarah Gardner, PsyD, NCC
(410) 834-4913 View (410) 834-4913
Photo of Jessica Venglarcik, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Jessica Venglarcik
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW, MSSA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20003
Waitlist for new clients
I am an expert in the field of Autism and have worked in this population for 15 years.
You can reclaim happiness and peace in your life! I work with teens (11 and up) and adults. I have extensive experience in a number of areas including individuals with Autism, disabled individuals, faith based counseling, depression, anxiety, employment related issues, and general life stressors. The clients I work with are often feeling overwhelmed, and I help them to create space for healing. You are strong, and I'm here to help coach you back to a place of comfort and peace. I promise to provide non judgmental support and encouragement.
I am an expert in the field of Autism and have worked in this population for 15 years.
You can reclaim happiness and peace in your life! I work with teens (11 and up) and adults. I have extensive experience in a number of areas including individuals with Autism, disabled individuals, faith based counseling, depression, anxiety, employment related issues, and general life stressors. The clients I work with are often feeling overwhelmed, and I help them to create space for healing. You are strong, and I'm here to help coach you back to a place of comfort and peace. I promise to provide non judgmental support and encouragement.
(571) 470-7214 View (571) 470-7214
Photo of LaTasha Martin, Licensed Professional Counselor in Washington, DC
LaTasha Martin
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdS, LPC
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20019  (Online Only)
Are you a Black woman who’s been recently diagnosed with ADHD or autism? Or, maybe you’ve suspected you may be neurodivergent or on the spectrum, and have more questions than answers. I help people sort through the overwhelm and chaos, and find new strategies for living that honor their natural gifts and talents.
Are you a Black woman who’s been recently diagnosed with ADHD or autism? Or, maybe you’ve suspected you may be neurodivergent or on the spectrum, and have more questions than answers. I help people sort through the overwhelm and chaos, and find new strategies for living that honor their natural gifts and talents.
(803) 590-8294 View (803) 590-8294
Photo of Dr. Heather Joppich, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Dr. Heather Joppich
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20008
I am a specialist in neurodiversity including testing for ADHD and autism.
I specialize in neurodiversity-affirming assessments for autism, ADHD and mental health for children and adults. Clients often come to me seeking testing for the first time or as a second opinion after feeling misunderstood by other clinicians. My goal is to understand more about your unique lived experience and neurodivergence, get you the right diagnosis, and help you get connected with the resources that you need.
I am a specialist in neurodiversity including testing for ADHD and autism.
I specialize in neurodiversity-affirming assessments for autism, ADHD and mental health for children and adults. Clients often come to me seeking testing for the first time or as a second opinion after feeling misunderstood by other clinicians. My goal is to understand more about your unique lived experience and neurodivergence, get you the right diagnosis, and help you get connected with the resources that you need.
(615) 632-6752 View (615) 632-6752
Photo of Dr. Faith Sproul, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Dr. Faith Sproul
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20002
Waitlist for new clients
Welcome! I offer services primarily related to assessment and consultation for children and adults. Evaluations are comprehensive with a focus on various domains of functioning including intellectual, academic, executive functioning, attention, and mood/personality to best understand strengths and areas for improvement. Evaluations are provided for diagnosis of ADHD, Autism, and other neurodevelopmental conditions using evidence-based instruments. Additional areas of testing include learning problems/disabilities, admissions testing, college accommodations, and memory and cognitive decline.
Welcome! I offer services primarily related to assessment and consultation for children and adults. Evaluations are comprehensive with a focus on various domains of functioning including intellectual, academic, executive functioning, attention, and mood/personality to best understand strengths and areas for improvement. Evaluations are provided for diagnosis of ADHD, Autism, and other neurodevelopmental conditions using evidence-based instruments. Additional areas of testing include learning problems/disabilities, admissions testing, college accommodations, and memory and cognitive decline.
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Photo of Kate Lieberman, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Kate Lieberman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20006
, autism), gender-affirming, and private school admissions testing.
Psychological evaluations are my area of expertise and passion. My goal when conducting assessments is to identify an individual’s areas of strength and weakness in order to provide recommendations for treatment, work and/or school, interpersonal relationships, and daily living. In the context of assessments, I can provide diagnoses and second opinions. A diagnosis is only one aspect of the process, however, and I emphasize understanding underlying cognitive, emotional, and interpersonal processes, and how these combine and manifest in daily life.
, autism), gender-affirming, and private school admissions testing.
Psychological evaluations are my area of expertise and passion. My goal when conducting assessments is to identify an individual’s areas of strength and weakness in order to provide recommendations for treatment, work and/or school, interpersonal relationships, and daily living. In the context of assessments, I can provide diagnoses and second opinions. A diagnosis is only one aspect of the process, however, and I emphasize understanding underlying cognitive, emotional, and interpersonal processes, and how these combine and manifest in daily life.
(202) 751-3415 View (202) 751-3415
Photo of Dr. Francine Baffa, LCSW — Balance, Focus, Support, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Dr. Francine Baffa, LCSW — Balance, Focus, Support
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW, BCBA-D
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20005
Do you feel stuck? Are external obstacles, or your own internal fears, holding you back from living a full and meaningful life? In therapy, you can grow, heal, and move forward. Anxiety, depression, ADHD, and Autism Spectrum Disorder are real challenges. You can expect to build lifelong coping skills that enable you to reach your goals and experience sustained healing. You can feel calmer, more balanced, more motivated, and more focused. You can learn to build and sustain healthier and more satisfying relationships with family, work colleagues, and romantic partners. Contact me today. I am looking forward to hearing your story.
Do you feel stuck? Are external obstacles, or your own internal fears, holding you back from living a full and meaningful life? In therapy, you can grow, heal, and move forward. Anxiety, depression, ADHD, and Autism Spectrum Disorder are real challenges. You can expect to build lifelong coping skills that enable you to reach your goals and experience sustained healing. You can feel calmer, more balanced, more motivated, and more focused. You can learn to build and sustain healthier and more satisfying relationships with family, work colleagues, and romantic partners. Contact me today. I am looking forward to hearing your story.
(703) 782-3846 View (703) 782-3846
Photo of Alison Fellowes Comly, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Alison Fellowes Comly
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20015
For children and adults with autism, I am familiar with typing to communicate.
I team with adults, children, and parents to create solutions and awaken aspects of themselves they would like to grow. We work together to heal past pain, strengthen, and to build a fresh start. Our sessions will allow you to take time for yourself to step away from the expectations and pressures of the outside world so that you can feel, see, and build a stronger self. Taking a break from work, school, and life for one or two sessions a week allows for clarity of mind, strengthening of self, and a generation of a new mindset. I will work as your guide in providing you the tools you need to live your life more fully.
For children and adults with autism, I am familiar with typing to communicate.
I team with adults, children, and parents to create solutions and awaken aspects of themselves they would like to grow. We work together to heal past pain, strengthen, and to build a fresh start. Our sessions will allow you to take time for yourself to step away from the expectations and pressures of the outside world so that you can feel, see, and build a stronger self. Taking a break from work, school, and life for one or two sessions a week allows for clarity of mind, strengthening of self, and a generation of a new mindset. I will work as your guide in providing you the tools you need to live your life more fully.
(202) 643-7935 View (202) 643-7935
Photo of Joy Natwick, Licensed Professional Counselor in Washington, DC
Joy Natwick
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20016
I'm a dedicated Licensed Professional Counselor with a passion for fostering growth and resilience in individuals and families. My aim is to provide a nurturing and supportive environment where clients of all ages can explore their inner worlds, overcome challenges, and discover their innate potential for healing and transformation. Whether you're seeking therapy for yourself or your child, adolescent, or family unit, I tailor my approach to meet your specific needs and goals. I work with clients experiencing anxiety, depression, anger, ADHD, autism spectrum disorders, low self-esteem, trauma, drug and alcohol use and more.
I'm a dedicated Licensed Professional Counselor with a passion for fostering growth and resilience in individuals and families. My aim is to provide a nurturing and supportive environment where clients of all ages can explore their inner worlds, overcome challenges, and discover their innate potential for healing and transformation. Whether you're seeking therapy for yourself or your child, adolescent, or family unit, I tailor my approach to meet your specific needs and goals. I work with clients experiencing anxiety, depression, anger, ADHD, autism spectrum disorders, low self-esteem, trauma, drug and alcohol use and more.
(202) 810-1153 View (202) 810-1153
Photo of Michal Berkson Powell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Michal Berkson Powell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20016
Life has its ups and downs. You want to have the skills, resources, and supports to weather whatever the world throws at you and you want that for your family too. As strong and resourceful as we are, no one has the ability to manage everything, all the time. Every now and then, any one of us could use a little extra help. Maybe you have been feeling more stressed. Maybe you are going through a major life change. Maybe there have been concerns about your child’s development or behavior. Maybe you or your loved one has been diagnosed with a learning or developmental disability, or you want to know more about ADHD, Autism, or Anxiety.
Life has its ups and downs. You want to have the skills, resources, and supports to weather whatever the world throws at you and you want that for your family too. As strong and resourceful as we are, no one has the ability to manage everything, all the time. Every now and then, any one of us could use a little extra help. Maybe you have been feeling more stressed. Maybe you are going through a major life change. Maybe there have been concerns about your child’s development or behavior. Maybe you or your loved one has been diagnosed with a learning or developmental disability, or you want to know more about ADHD, Autism, or Anxiety.
(202) 601-3395 View (202) 601-3395
Photo of Jeffrey Selman, Psychologist in Washington, DC
Jeffrey Selman
Psychologist, PsyD, BCBA-D
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20007
My name is Dr. Jeff Selman and I am a licensed psychologist, Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA), and a certified school psychologist. I offer evidence-based telepsychology services to individuals across the lifespan and their families. These services include autism screening and assessment, individual and family therapy, parent behavior management training and coaching, and consultation and training for schools and community agencies. My approach is grounded in cognitive behavior therapy and behavior therapy. My sessions tend to be active, goal-oriented, and engaging. I love the work and welcomes complex and challenging cases.
My name is Dr. Jeff Selman and I am a licensed psychologist, Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA), and a certified school psychologist. I offer evidence-based telepsychology services to individuals across the lifespan and their families. These services include autism screening and assessment, individual and family therapy, parent behavior management training and coaching, and consultation and training for schools and community agencies. My approach is grounded in cognitive behavior therapy and behavior therapy. My sessions tend to be active, goal-oriented, and engaging. I love the work and welcomes complex and challenging cases.
(202) 221-4370 View (202) 221-4370
Photo of Saida Eazizayene, Pre-Licensed Professional in Washington, DC
Saida Eazizayene
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20006  (Online Only)
In prioritising my clients' diversity and identities, I use culturally-sensitive CBT, DBT, ACT, Person Centered Therapy, Trauma-Informed Care (TIC), motivational therapy, attachment theory to support adults living with depression, anxiety, ADHD, Autism, bipolar disorder, and PTSD related to identity, career, relationships, immigrant experiences, grief and loss, divorce or marriage work . We'll will work toward behavior change, mood regulation, communication, self-acceptance, distress tolerance, assertiveness, resolving trauma, enhancing daily functioning, addressing relationship challenges, boundary setting and self-awareness.
In prioritising my clients' diversity and identities, I use culturally-sensitive CBT, DBT, ACT, Person Centered Therapy, Trauma-Informed Care (TIC), motivational therapy, attachment theory to support adults living with depression, anxiety, ADHD, Autism, bipolar disorder, and PTSD related to identity, career, relationships, immigrant experiences, grief and loss, divorce or marriage work . We'll will work toward behavior change, mood regulation, communication, self-acceptance, distress tolerance, assertiveness, resolving trauma, enhancing daily functioning, addressing relationship challenges, boundary setting and self-awareness.
(540) 328-6986 View (540) 328-6986
Photo of Meaghon Omobude, Pre-Licensed Professional in Washington, DC
Meaghon Omobude
Pre-Licensed Professional, LGPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Washington, DC 20005  (Online Only)
As a Black, Queer therapist I am passionate about working with people of diverse backgrounds, specifically individuals who identify as BIPOC, Queer, and/or neurodivergent in the D.C area. I believe that clients are the experts of their own lived experiences and that my role is to empower you through cultivating a space of healing. I help clients navigate challenges associated with anxiety, depression, and life transitions. As well as working with concerns related to ADHD, Autism, and gender and/or sexual identity.
As a Black, Queer therapist I am passionate about working with people of diverse backgrounds, specifically individuals who identify as BIPOC, Queer, and/or neurodivergent in the D.C area. I believe that clients are the experts of their own lived experiences and that my role is to empower you through cultivating a space of healing. I help clients navigate challenges associated with anxiety, depression, and life transitions. As well as working with concerns related to ADHD, Autism, and gender and/or sexual identity.
(855) 626-1711 View (855) 626-1711
Photo of Therapeutic Links Behavioral Health Services LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Washington, DC
Therapeutic Links Behavioral Health Services LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LGSW, LMSW
Verified Verified
Washington, DC 20036
As a licensed graduate social worker with a rich background in serving diverse populations, my ideal clients encompass a wide spectrum of individuals facing various mental health challenges. Whether it's battling anxiety, depression, or grappling with relationship difficulties, I understand the complexities each person brings to the therapeutic space. My ideal clients seek support not just for themselves but also to navigate life transitions, understand LGBTQ+ concerns, or cope with autism. They are individuals who recognize the value of seeking help and are motivated to work towards positive change in their lives.
As a licensed graduate social worker with a rich background in serving diverse populations, my ideal clients encompass a wide spectrum of individuals facing various mental health challenges. Whether it's battling anxiety, depression, or grappling with relationship difficulties, I understand the complexities each person brings to the therapeutic space. My ideal clients seek support not just for themselves but also to navigate life transitions, understand LGBTQ+ concerns, or cope with autism. They are individuals who recognize the value of seeking help and are motivated to work towards positive change in their lives.
(202) 644-8904 x1 View (202) 644-8904 x1
Autism Therapists

What is the most effective treatment for autism?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) has come to be considered the standard treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder, and research has confirmed its effectiveness for many children. Therapists trained in ABA techniques work with children (and their parents) on developing social skills, communication and learning abilities, and everyday habits of hygiene and grooming. The clinician will tailor their program to the child’s particular need but the overarching goal will be to help them advance as far as possible toward independence based on their level of symptoms and decrease the need for additional special services. Families should seek a mental health professional specifically trained in ABA, and holding special certification in the technique, who has extensive experience not only with the approach but in using it with children with the same level of symptoms as the child who needs care.

How does ABA work?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) sessions, which typically focus on positive reinforcement, can be intensive, lasting two or more hours several times a week, and continuing for two years or more. Therapists can also be expected to ask parents to take an active role in reinforcing lessons. Research has found that the technique can lead to major improvements that decrease the need for additional special services.

How does treatment for autism work?

Therapy sessions based on Applied Behavior Analysis will likely be frequent, intensive, and highly structured. After a thorough assessment, a therapist will help a child understand and develop skills in a range of areas, including communication, motor skills, social skills, self-care, play, and academic skills, as well as routines of daily living like hygiene. Typically, the therapist will help a child break down the components of a behavior—often referred to as the antecedent (what prompts an action), the behavior, and the consequence(what immediately follows)—and then reward the child at every step, while also asking parents to reinforce the lessons, and the rewards, throughout the day. This core therapy may be supplemented by occupational or speech therapy, and antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anticonvulsants may be prescribed to address specific severe symptoms.

How long does therapy for autism take?

Some people with autism spectrum disorder may be engaged in some level of therapy for many years, but research shows that treatment will be most effective if it is begun early and delivered intensively. When therapy begins by age 3, children tend to be better able to grasp and adopt the skills needed to manage everyday life, including attending school and establishing social relationships. This type of early-intervention treatment regimen is highly structured, typically involving 20 to 40 hours of one-on-one therapy per week, along with additional hours of engagement managed by parents, for a period of two years or more, although the duration of treatment is dependent on the child’s level of symptoms and pace of progress.