Therapists in Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC

Photo of Helen Ann Rudinsky, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Helen Ann Rudinsky
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015  (Online Only)
Do you feel misunderstood? Do you have trouble communicating? As a Marriage & Family Therapist, I help couples and individuals turn their relationships around for the better. We work on speaking and listening skills, using "I" statements, setting boundaries and other relationship skills. We use videos, personality tests, role plays and other tools to bring about rapid change. I work with clients on relationship issues, career choices, and other issues. What sets me apart from other therapists is my ability to keep clients on a systematic approach to change with a focused, short term program to help them achieve their goals quickly.
Do you feel misunderstood? Do you have trouble communicating? As a Marriage & Family Therapist, I help couples and individuals turn their relationships around for the better. We work on speaking and listening skills, using "I" statements, setting boundaries and other relationship skills. We use videos, personality tests, role plays and other tools to bring about rapid change. I work with clients on relationship issues, career choices, and other issues. What sets me apart from other therapists is my ability to keep clients on a systematic approach to change with a focused, short term program to help them achieve their goals quickly.
(833) 472-0501 View (833) 472-0501
Photo of Caitlin McNally Olsen, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Caitlin McNally Olsen
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015  (Online Only)
I work primarily with women who are struggling with identity crises and self-acceptance, depression and anxiety, self-trust and overwhelm. First, we have a history-taking and goal-setting session. We then use gentle self-care to establish a healthy mental wellness routine. Next, I guide you toward your goals. Our work together is complete, usually after 6-12 months, when you have met those goals and have a strong, accepting sense of who you are.
I work primarily with women who are struggling with identity crises and self-acceptance, depression and anxiety, self-trust and overwhelm. First, we have a history-taking and goal-setting session. We then use gentle self-care to establish a healthy mental wellness routine. Next, I guide you toward your goals. Our work together is complete, usually after 6-12 months, when you have met those goals and have a strong, accepting sense of who you are.
(702) 766-2685 View (702) 766-2685
Photo of Justin Collmann, PhD, Psychologist
Justin Collmann
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015  (Online Only)
I offer therapy for stress and anxiety. We reflect on issues including anxiety about making mistakes, fear of failure, worrying that people do not like you, and burnout. We also consider how to cultivate motivation, creativity, community, and fun. I think physical health is a key to mental well-being, and I specialize in helping my clients establish effective exercise habits.
I offer therapy for stress and anxiety. We reflect on issues including anxiety about making mistakes, fear of failure, worrying that people do not like you, and burnout. We also consider how to cultivate motivation, creativity, community, and fun. I think physical health is a key to mental well-being, and I specialize in helping my clients establish effective exercise habits.
(202) 929-6988 View (202) 929-6988
Photo of Joy Kassett, MSW, MPH, PhD, Psychologist
Joy Kassett
Psychologist, MSW, MPH, PhD
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
I have been in practice for over 20 years, working with adults, children and adolescents in psychodynamic therapy and psychoanalysis. The frequency and duration of each treatment depends on the unique needs of every person; for example, a college student may be seeking short-term therapy to deal with the transition from home to school or an adult may be seeking longer term treatment to understand a pattern of failed relationships. Children are often referred by family members or school counselors, who provide valuable background information to help determine the best treatment. Ongoing collaboration with parents and professionals is essential.
I have been in practice for over 20 years, working with adults, children and adolescents in psychodynamic therapy and psychoanalysis. The frequency and duration of each treatment depends on the unique needs of every person; for example, a college student may be seeking short-term therapy to deal with the transition from home to school or an adult may be seeking longer term treatment to understand a pattern of failed relationships. Children are often referred by family members or school counselors, who provide valuable background information to help determine the best treatment. Ongoing collaboration with parents and professionals is essential.
(202) 417-3278 View (202) 417-3278
Photo of Maggie Noojin, LICSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Maggie Noojin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
I believe people have the ability and strength to heal and change, sometimes we just need a little help in getting there. Through an integrative approach, I help clients recognize their strengths, and explore their patterns to help them realize their full potential. I believe that the core of therapy is a strong therapeutic relationship - my practice style is warm and empathic - I truly enjoy getting to know my clients, and I believe the relationship between therapist and client is essential in change.
I believe people have the ability and strength to heal and change, sometimes we just need a little help in getting there. Through an integrative approach, I help clients recognize their strengths, and explore their patterns to help them realize their full potential. I believe that the core of therapy is a strong therapeutic relationship - my practice style is warm and empathic - I truly enjoy getting to know my clients, and I believe the relationship between therapist and client is essential in change.
(202) 930-9796 View (202) 930-9796
Photo of Belinda Lehman, PhD, Psychologist
Belinda Lehman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015  (Online Only)
I am a licensed Clinical Psychologist in the District of Columbia. I work with adolescents and adults struggling with life transitions, relationship issues, women's health issues, infertility, anxiety and depression. I also work with couples seeking help with communication and better understanding one another. My work is informed by psychodynamic principles. I would be happy to speak with you by phone and answer any questions you might have about my approach and practice.
I am a licensed Clinical Psychologist in the District of Columbia. I work with adolescents and adults struggling with life transitions, relationship issues, women's health issues, infertility, anxiety and depression. I also work with couples seeking help with communication and better understanding one another. My work is informed by psychodynamic principles. I would be happy to speak with you by phone and answer any questions you might have about my approach and practice.
(202) 738-4862 View (202) 738-4862
Photo of Ruthie T Arbit, LICSW, MA, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ruthie T Arbit
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, MA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
My approach to therapy is to partner with you and your family to create an individualized and goal-directed treatment plan. I can help you uncover your strengths and use the skills you already have to make lasting changes. You will experience a warm, genuine, playful, and humorous treatment approach.
My approach to therapy is to partner with you and your family to create an individualized and goal-directed treatment plan. I can help you uncover your strengths and use the skills you already have to make lasting changes. You will experience a warm, genuine, playful, and humorous treatment approach.
(240) 230-3046 View (240) 230-3046
Photo of Lisa McLish, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lisa McLish
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 10 years of experience working with adolescents, adults and couples. I have a keen interest in helping people through life’s transitions including pregnancy and post-partum, workplace and educational changes and relationship difficulties. I am an active therapist who creates a warm and trusting environment to help clients enhance their strengths and develop a stronger sense of self.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 10 years of experience working with adolescents, adults and couples. I have a keen interest in helping people through life’s transitions including pregnancy and post-partum, workplace and educational changes and relationship difficulties. I am an active therapist who creates a warm and trusting environment to help clients enhance their strengths and develop a stronger sense of self.
(301) 215-2153 View (301) 215-2153
Photo of Gwendolyn Pla, LCSW, PhD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Gwendolyn Pla
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PhD
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015  (Online Only)
Are you dissatisfied with your life? Are you finding ways to compensate that do not serve you well, such as over- or under-eating? Do you have an unhealthy relationship with food? Or, do you have a medical problem that has a dietary component that you have difficulty managing? These problems can have an impact on many areas of your life: relationships, work, and the way you handle money. I will help you sort out your difficulties and help you on the road to feeling better.
Are you dissatisfied with your life? Are you finding ways to compensate that do not serve you well, such as over- or under-eating? Do you have an unhealthy relationship with food? Or, do you have a medical problem that has a dietary component that you have difficulty managing? These problems can have an impact on many areas of your life: relationships, work, and the way you handle money. I will help you sort out your difficulties and help you on the road to feeling better.
(202) 723-1772 View (202) 723-1772
Photo of Lisa S Oakley, MSW, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lisa S Oakley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
I provide a positive and supportive approach to helping children, adolescents, adults and families who are navigating a variety of emotional or transitional challenges, including anxiety, mood disorders, school issues, family conflict and other sources of stress or disruption that may affect daily functioning or emotional well-being. I apply a person-centered and strength-based approach which involves respecting and encouraging a client's own goals and perspectives. I also work closely with parents to help identify practical and personalized strategies and interventions to address the many challenges that come with raising children and teenagers.
I provide a positive and supportive approach to helping children, adolescents, adults and families who are navigating a variety of emotional or transitional challenges, including anxiety, mood disorders, school issues, family conflict and other sources of stress or disruption that may affect daily functioning or emotional well-being. I apply a person-centered and strength-based approach which involves respecting and encouraging a client's own goals and perspectives. I also work closely with parents to help identify practical and personalized strategies and interventions to address the many challenges that come with raising children and teenagers.
(202) 759-3472 View (202) 759-3472
Photo of Courtney Dinsmore, PsyD, JD, Psychologist
Courtney Dinsmore
Psychologist, PsyD, JD
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
Hello. I am Dr. Courtney Dinsmore. I help individuals and couples who want better relationships so that they feel content, happy and fulfilled. Sometimes we loose our equilibrium. In your life, this may look a few different ways. You may feel that you are clearly communicating what you want and need, but people don’t seem to understand you. You become angry over minor things that did not used to bother you. It is more difficult to relate to your partner or engage in the intimacy you once had. Things that used to satisfy you no longer do. You love your family, but wish you were closer.
Hello. I am Dr. Courtney Dinsmore. I help individuals and couples who want better relationships so that they feel content, happy and fulfilled. Sometimes we loose our equilibrium. In your life, this may look a few different ways. You may feel that you are clearly communicating what you want and need, but people don’t seem to understand you. You become angry over minor things that did not used to bother you. It is more difficult to relate to your partner or engage in the intimacy you once had. Things that used to satisfy you no longer do. You love your family, but wish you were closer.
(202) 991-3681 View (202) 991-3681
Photo of Eloiza Jorge, MSW, MA, LCSW, CPC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Eloiza Jorge
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, MA, LCSW, CPC
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
Hi, I'm a culturally responsive therapist who aims to be compassionate and open-hearted. Some problems I help with are: feeling blue, imposter syndrome, stress, anger, boundaries, parenting, creative blocks, break ups, anxiety and grief.
Hi, I'm a culturally responsive therapist who aims to be compassionate and open-hearted. Some problems I help with are: feeling blue, imposter syndrome, stress, anger, boundaries, parenting, creative blocks, break ups, anxiety and grief.
(973) 657-5955 View (973) 657-5955
Photo of Marcie E. Solomon, MSW, LCSW, BCD, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Marcie E. Solomon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, BCD
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
With over 35 years of broad clinical experience, Ms. Solomon actively engages her clients' own wisdom and strengths in developing options and strategies to manage the challenges they face. Drawing on Affect and Script Theory and family systems theory, Ms. Solomon guides clients in identifying, understanding, managing and honoring their complex emotions such that they can more effectively express their needs. This is the cornerstone of therapy and of the blueprint for creating a life filled with more enjoyment and satisfaction and with less distress and other painful emotions.
With over 35 years of broad clinical experience, Ms. Solomon actively engages her clients' own wisdom and strengths in developing options and strategies to manage the challenges they face. Drawing on Affect and Script Theory and family systems theory, Ms. Solomon guides clients in identifying, understanding, managing and honoring their complex emotions such that they can more effectively express their needs. This is the cornerstone of therapy and of the blueprint for creating a life filled with more enjoyment and satisfaction and with less distress and other painful emotions.
(703) 493-0902 View (703) 493-0902
Photo of Holly Robinson, LICSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Holly Robinson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
Accepting new clients in Washington state, Washington, DC and Florida. Are the constant pressures of daily life coupled with unexpected challenges leading you to feel burnt out and hopeless? I can help you live your best life by overcoming the issues that have you feeling stuck. I believe many of us carry emotional baggage because we do not realize how it is impacting us until we are struggling to function in our daily lives. I specialize in treatment for trauma, anxiety, stress, ADHD, infertility, pregnancy & postpartum issues, mood disorders and grief.
Accepting new clients in Washington state, Washington, DC and Florida. Are the constant pressures of daily life coupled with unexpected challenges leading you to feel burnt out and hopeless? I can help you live your best life by overcoming the issues that have you feeling stuck. I believe many of us carry emotional baggage because we do not realize how it is impacting us until we are struggling to function in our daily lives. I specialize in treatment for trauma, anxiety, stress, ADHD, infertility, pregnancy & postpartum issues, mood disorders and grief.
(425) 365-6678 View (425) 365-6678
Photo of undefined - Healthy Living Counseling Center, PsyD, Psychologist
Healthy Living Counseling Center
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015  (Online Only)
Chicago Psychologists are bringing their expertise & boutique therapies to Washington, DC! Dr. Michelle Kukla is a luminary in the world of clinical psychology & a seasoned expert with over 15 years of enriching the lives of courageous emotional growth seekers. This dynamic powerhouse is a frequent podcast guest for her innovative use of therapies to help accelerate people's healing. Dr. Kukla uses 21st Century mental health care to empower people to become their best version of themselves. She is frequently sought out by entrepreneurs, athletes, & media personalities for her unique therapeutic style. Thriving is within reach!
Chicago Psychologists are bringing their expertise & boutique therapies to Washington, DC! Dr. Michelle Kukla is a luminary in the world of clinical psychology & a seasoned expert with over 15 years of enriching the lives of courageous emotional growth seekers. This dynamic powerhouse is a frequent podcast guest for her innovative use of therapies to help accelerate people's healing. Dr. Kukla uses 21st Century mental health care to empower people to become their best version of themselves. She is frequently sought out by entrepreneurs, athletes, & media personalities for her unique therapeutic style. Thriving is within reach!
(847) 423-8223 View (847) 423-8223
Photo of Sarah S. Berger, PhD, Psychologist
Sarah S. Berger
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
Therapy is often about change - changing oneself or parts of one's life. Taking steps towards change requires tremendous courage, but many people find the rewards of this process well worth the effort. A supportive, helpful guide can go a long way towards making productive changes and that is where I come in. Support is my primary role; my secondary role is to help individuals identify thoughts or behaviors that are limiting progress in one's life. In addition to helping with a wide range of common symptoms like stress, anxiety, depression, I specialize in health psychology (coping with illness).
Therapy is often about change - changing oneself or parts of one's life. Taking steps towards change requires tremendous courage, but many people find the rewards of this process well worth the effort. A supportive, helpful guide can go a long way towards making productive changes and that is where I come in. Support is my primary role; my secondary role is to help individuals identify thoughts or behaviors that are limiting progress in one's life. In addition to helping with a wide range of common symptoms like stress, anxiety, depression, I specialize in health psychology (coping with illness).
(240) 847-3693 View (240) 847-3693
Photo of Joan Rabinor, LCSW-C, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Joan Rabinor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
I bring to my practice the experience of forty years of professional work with individuals and couples, as well as the wisdom and personal growth that I have gained from dealing with my own life challenges. I am particularly effective with clients as they deal with forming and maintaining intimate relationships, sorting through identity and career conflicts, coping with grief and loss, and managing life transitions. Infertility and adoption issues have long been an area of expertise. All these situations are filled with intense emotionality and anguish yet demand solid, clear thinking.
I bring to my practice the experience of forty years of professional work with individuals and couples, as well as the wisdom and personal growth that I have gained from dealing with my own life challenges. I am particularly effective with clients as they deal with forming and maintaining intimate relationships, sorting through identity and career conflicts, coping with grief and loss, and managing life transitions. Infertility and adoption issues have long been an area of expertise. All these situations are filled with intense emotionality and anguish yet demand solid, clear thinking.
(301) 654-8468 View (301) 654-8468
Photo of Alex Smith, PsyD, Psychologist
Alex Smith
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
Not accepting new clients
Challenges in relationships, life changes, painful thoughts and feelings, and difficult past experiences often leave us searching for meaning, clarity, and relief. Together, we work to create a deeper understanding of your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, with the goal of generating space for change, and relief from suffering.
Challenges in relationships, life changes, painful thoughts and feelings, and difficult past experiences often leave us searching for meaning, clarity, and relief. Together, we work to create a deeper understanding of your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, with the goal of generating space for change, and relief from suffering.
(202) 733-6260 View (202) 733-6260
Photo of Britt H Rathbone, LCSW-C, BCD, CGP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Britt H Rathbone
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-C, BCD, CGP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
Britt Rathbone is an expert in the treatment of adolescents. He graduated from Columbia University and has worked exclusively with adolescents and their families since 1985. He has a special interest in challenging, difficult to treat, and treatment-reluctant adolescents as well as those who have multiple and complicated mental health diagnoses. He trains therapists, speaks to professional and lay groups, and has taught advanced level social work graduate students at the Catholic University of America. Washingtonian Magazine has consistently named Mr. Rathbone one of Washington's best therapists for adolescents, and one of Washington's best therapists for group therapy.
Britt Rathbone is an expert in the treatment of adolescents. He graduated from Columbia University and has worked exclusively with adolescents and their families since 1985. He has a special interest in challenging, difficult to treat, and treatment-reluctant adolescents as well as those who have multiple and complicated mental health diagnoses. He trains therapists, speaks to professional and lay groups, and has taught advanced level social work graduate students at the Catholic University of America. Washingtonian Magazine has consistently named Mr. Rathbone one of Washington's best therapists for adolescents, and one of Washington's best therapists for group therapy.
(301) 658-2524 View (301) 658-2524
Photo of Kirsten Chadwick, PhD, CGP, Psychologist
Kirsten Chadwick
Psychologist, PhD, CGP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC 20015
I specialize in working with depression, interpersonal relationships, parenting concerns, the motherhood transition, college transitions, loss and grief. I help clients think through strategies to enable them to better navigate transitions and the difficult circumstances they encounter. I also work with individuals to identify and interrupt patterns that are preventing them from succeeding, building and maintaining satisfying relationships and experiencing happiness. It is my experience that working hard in therapy, with honesty and openness, can lead to lower stress, better relationships and rewarding changes in your life.
I specialize in working with depression, interpersonal relationships, parenting concerns, the motherhood transition, college transitions, loss and grief. I help clients think through strategies to enable them to better navigate transitions and the difficult circumstances they encounter. I also work with individuals to identify and interrupt patterns that are preventing them from succeeding, building and maintaining satisfying relationships and experiencing happiness. It is my experience that working hard in therapy, with honesty and openness, can lead to lower stress, better relationships and rewarding changes in your life.
(202) 643-7901 View (202) 643-7901

See more therapy options for Barnaby Woods, Washington

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC

100+

Average cost per session

$190

Therapists in Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
92% Depression
86% Relationship Issues
81% Self Esteem
69% Stress
66% Trauma and PTSD
64% Grief

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

66% BlueCross and BlueShield
57% CareFirst
41% Aetna

How Therapists in Barnaby Woods, Washington, DC see their clients

65% In Person and Online
35% Online Only

Gender breakdown

90% Female
10% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Barnaby Woods, Washington?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.