Therapists in Fort Collins, CO

Photo of Kaylei Kazuko Ernster, Pre-Licensed Professional
Kaylei Kazuko Ernster
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fort Collins, CO 80526
"I want to stop these cycles from ruining my relationships" ... "I feel disconnected from myself or others" ... "I can’t stop these thoughts from taking over my headspace" ... I believe you. How can I help?
"I want to stop these cycles from ruining my relationships" ... "I feel disconnected from myself or others" ... "I can’t stop these thoughts from taking over my headspace" ... I believe you. How can I help?
(970) 404-4667 View (970) 404-4667
Photo of Hannah Franklin, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Hannah Franklin
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Fort Collins, CO 80524
When you meet with Hannah, you'll find that she's warm, friendly, and relatable. She knows that therapy can be a difficult process and will offer you empathic understanding that will put you at ease. She'll encourage you to explore your thoughts and feelings to gain insight into yourself without fear of judgement. She'll meet you where you're at and walk alongside you as you work together towards meaningful goals. Hannah helps clients overcome a variety of life's challenges, including anxiety, depression, and trauma. She empowers clients to make positive, lasting changes so that they can create a meaningful future for themselves.
When you meet with Hannah, you'll find that she's warm, friendly, and relatable. She knows that therapy can be a difficult process and will offer you empathic understanding that will put you at ease. She'll encourage you to explore your thoughts and feelings to gain insight into yourself without fear of judgement. She'll meet you where you're at and walk alongside you as you work together towards meaningful goals. Hannah helps clients overcome a variety of life's challenges, including anxiety, depression, and trauma. She empowers clients to make positive, lasting changes so that they can create a meaningful future for themselves.
(970) 716-4633 View (970) 716-4633
Photo of Dan Turnbeaugh, MA, LPC, BCN, Licensed Professional Counselor
Dan Turnbeaugh
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, BCN
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Fort Collins, CO 80525
Life can be difficult. Dealing with the stressors of school, work, parenting, and traumatic events can make you feel like you are drowning. Add to that the many beliefs out there that tell us we are not good enough and it leads down a dark path. There is hope. If you are struggling with guilt and hopelessness of not being good enough, or the constant overwhelming feelings of losing your mind, you are not alone. You do not need to turn to things that only temporarily make you feel "ok." You are enough and we can work together to overcome those obstacles. You deserve more. Change your mind. You deserve to thrive.
Life can be difficult. Dealing with the stressors of school, work, parenting, and traumatic events can make you feel like you are drowning. Add to that the many beliefs out there that tell us we are not good enough and it leads down a dark path. There is hope. If you are struggling with guilt and hopelessness of not being good enough, or the constant overwhelming feelings of losing your mind, you are not alone. You do not need to turn to things that only temporarily make you feel "ok." You are enough and we can work together to overcome those obstacles. You deserve more. Change your mind. You deserve to thrive.
(970) 423-7954 View (970) 423-7954
Photo of Heather M. Bair, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Heather M. Bair
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Fort Collins, CO 80524
Unless one is able to live fully in the present, the future is a hoax. - Alan Watts
Unless one is able to live fully in the present, the future is a hoax. - Alan Watts
(970) 538-9677 View (970) 538-9677
Photo of Stephanie Anne James, MSW, LCSW, EMDR, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Stephanie Anne James
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, EMDR
Verified Verified
Fort Collins, CO 80525
My expertise is working with clients dealing with anxiety, depression, relationship, change of life, or traumatic issues. Helping a client to gain depth of insight, learn to utilize and trust their own resources, and helping to bring a client to wholeness and healing is my professional passion. I facilitate the process that helps clients actualize, and begin to live their highest quality of life.
My expertise is working with clients dealing with anxiety, depression, relationship, change of life, or traumatic issues. Helping a client to gain depth of insight, learn to utilize and trust their own resources, and helping to bring a client to wholeness and healing is my professional passion. I facilitate the process that helps clients actualize, and begin to live their highest quality of life.
(970) 450-4559 View (970) 450-4559
Photo of Max Joseph Goldsmith, MSW, LSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Max Joseph Goldsmith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fort Collins, CO 80525  (Online Only)
I'm glad you're here. I love getting to know new people. Whether you're on a journey to change your life, heal from your upbringing, grow into a new relationship, or recover from trauma, I am here to support you, grow with you, listen to you, and challenge you to be your truest self. Irvin D. Yalom - existential psychotherapist, psychiatrist, and clinical educator - listed four existential "ultimate concerns" that all living humans contend with - death, meaninglessness, isolation, and freedom. I will practice psychotherapy for anyone who wants to join me as a fellow traveler seeking to fulfill their ultimate concerns.
I'm glad you're here. I love getting to know new people. Whether you're on a journey to change your life, heal from your upbringing, grow into a new relationship, or recover from trauma, I am here to support you, grow with you, listen to you, and challenge you to be your truest self. Irvin D. Yalom - existential psychotherapist, psychiatrist, and clinical educator - listed four existential "ultimate concerns" that all living humans contend with - death, meaninglessness, isolation, and freedom. I will practice psychotherapy for anyone who wants to join me as a fellow traveler seeking to fulfill their ultimate concerns.
(970) 829-1290 View (970) 829-1290
Photo of Melissa George, PhD, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Melissa George
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fort Collins, CO 80521
I work with individuals/couples who have achieved in many ways but still feel lost, unfulfilled, or in need of change. Many have worked to gain clarity and make meaning of their life and unhealthy patterns in relationships but somehow keep finding themselves stuck in the same place. If you want to bring greater awareness to what is unconsciously driving you and your relationships working together may help you to understand yourself, create change and find more contentment. I specialize in working with individuals/couples seeking better self understanding, communication and intimacy using IFS and Jungian inquiry in CO, VT, DE
I work with individuals/couples who have achieved in many ways but still feel lost, unfulfilled, or in need of change. Many have worked to gain clarity and make meaning of their life and unhealthy patterns in relationships but somehow keep finding themselves stuck in the same place. If you want to bring greater awareness to what is unconsciously driving you and your relationships working together may help you to understand yourself, create change and find more contentment. I specialize in working with individuals/couples seeking better self understanding, communication and intimacy using IFS and Jungian inquiry in CO, VT, DE
(970) 517-3466 View (970) 517-3466
Photo of Olivia Martin, LPC Intern
Olivia Martin
LPC Intern
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fort Collins, CO 80525
"I feel behind compared to my peers and I don't know what my next steps should be"... "I feel like I can't be myself around others"... "I am faced with a decision that will be a huge change in my life and I feel uneasy"... "I have anxiety about my ability to perform and it often makes me shut down before I even start"... "I am considering quitting a substance, but I feel unease about my life without it". Are you having feelings of worry, anxiety, panic, depression, are you fearful of the future, do you feel out of place among others? You are not alone and I'll be glad to help you.
"I feel behind compared to my peers and I don't know what my next steps should be"... "I feel like I can't be myself around others"... "I am faced with a decision that will be a huge change in my life and I feel uneasy"... "I have anxiety about my ability to perform and it often makes me shut down before I even start"... "I am considering quitting a substance, but I feel unease about my life without it". Are you having feelings of worry, anxiety, panic, depression, are you fearful of the future, do you feel out of place among others? You are not alone and I'll be glad to help you.
(970) 610-0628 View (970) 610-0628
Photo of Kathryn Price Foster, MDiv, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kathryn Price Foster
Marriage & Family Therapist, MDiv, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fort Collins, CO 80524
Waitlist for new clients
Choosing a psychotherapist that fits your emotional needs and personal goals is an important decision. I am passionate to assist clients in their journey toward wholeness by utilizing evidence-based techniques including EMDR, IFS, Attachment and Family Systems. I have over 25 years of experience working with families, couples, parents, children, and individuals from diverse backgrounds. Areas of specialty include adoption and foster care, attachment and bonding, parenting, family and developmental transition issues, depression, anxiety, traumatic stress, and issues of faith and spirituality.
Choosing a psychotherapist that fits your emotional needs and personal goals is an important decision. I am passionate to assist clients in their journey toward wholeness by utilizing evidence-based techniques including EMDR, IFS, Attachment and Family Systems. I have over 25 years of experience working with families, couples, parents, children, and individuals from diverse backgrounds. Areas of specialty include adoption and foster care, attachment and bonding, parenting, family and developmental transition issues, depression, anxiety, traumatic stress, and issues of faith and spirituality.
(970) 672-4733 View (970) 672-4733
Photo of Anne Roche, MS, NCC, LPCC
Anne Roche
Licensed Professional Counselor Candidate, MS, NCC, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fort Collins, CO 80525
Raising children often comes with unexpected challenges. In her practice, Anne Roche utilizes a Family Systems Approach in combination with techniques from Applied Behavior Analysis in order to improve family functioning. She assists children with regulating their emotions, modifying behaviors, and improving communication skills. Typically, this also involves providing parents with the tools they need to meet their child’s unique needs. Anne’s goal is to offer a safe and nonjudgmental space where all family members can reach their fullest potential.
Raising children often comes with unexpected challenges. In her practice, Anne Roche utilizes a Family Systems Approach in combination with techniques from Applied Behavior Analysis in order to improve family functioning. She assists children with regulating their emotions, modifying behaviors, and improving communication skills. Typically, this also involves providing parents with the tools they need to meet their child’s unique needs. Anne’s goal is to offer a safe and nonjudgmental space where all family members can reach their fullest potential.
(970) 614-7561 View (970) 614-7561
Photo of Terry joseph Pasquin, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Terry joseph Pasquin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Fort Collins, CO 80526
My ideal client often is feeling stuck, having spent much of their lives repeating old behaviors that are rooted in past conditioning. They can’t imagine breaking free and finding lasting joy and peace. They often don’t know why they can’t stop suffering and what the causes are. There is often considerable conflict in their primary relationships and they don’t feel supported or understood.
My ideal client often is feeling stuck, having spent much of their lives repeating old behaviors that are rooted in past conditioning. They can’t imagine breaking free and finding lasting joy and peace. They often don’t know why they can’t stop suffering and what the causes are. There is often considerable conflict in their primary relationships and they don’t feel supported or understood.
(970) 546-8247 View (970) 546-8247
Photo of Varsha Swamy, MS, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Varsha Swamy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fort Collins, CO 80526  (Online Only)
I genuinely believe that no matter what you’ve gone through, you have immense potential to thrive. Through our sessions, I help clients identify the parts of themselves that have mastered the art of distraction, denial and destruction. However insight into an issue is only one part of the process. I partner with my clients to empower them with the tools they need to challenge unwanted patterns, to overcome dips in confidence and to show up as their most authentic selves in every space and relationship they occupy.
I genuinely believe that no matter what you’ve gone through, you have immense potential to thrive. Through our sessions, I help clients identify the parts of themselves that have mastered the art of distraction, denial and destruction. However insight into an issue is only one part of the process. I partner with my clients to empower them with the tools they need to challenge unwanted patterns, to overcome dips in confidence and to show up as their most authentic selves in every space and relationship they occupy.
(970) 239-8166 View (970) 239-8166
Photo of Deborah Hughes, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Deborah Hughes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fort Collins, CO 80524
I have been a therapist for many years. I feel that being a part of someone's life journey as they ask questions and work to make sense of the puzzle of their life is a sacred experience. I never make the mistake of thinking that I have all the answers, especially as it pertains to another's life. But I know from my own life's journey how important it can be to have someone that you trust "walk" with you when life is difficult and confusing. In terms of my education, I completed my Bachelor's Degree in Social Work at Colorado State University and my Master's Degree in Social Work at the University of Kansas.
I have been a therapist for many years. I feel that being a part of someone's life journey as they ask questions and work to make sense of the puzzle of their life is a sacred experience. I never make the mistake of thinking that I have all the answers, especially as it pertains to another's life. But I know from my own life's journey how important it can be to have someone that you trust "walk" with you when life is difficult and confusing. In terms of my education, I completed my Bachelor's Degree in Social Work at Colorado State University and my Master's Degree in Social Work at the University of Kansas.
(970) 427-9858 View (970) 427-9858
Photo of Spencer Anderson, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Spencer Anderson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Fort Collins, CO 80526
Empowering parent's and caregiver's ability to connect with their child in a deep and meaningful way is the central focus of Spencer’s approach to overcoming challenges. This begins when parents/caregivers are able to resolve any challenges in the relationship that may be a barrier to therapy. Once this occurs, caregivers and their child can begin, in a safe and therapeutic environment, to explore the trauma, abuse, neglect, abandonment and loss which are the emotional source to behavioral struggles.
Empowering parent's and caregiver's ability to connect with their child in a deep and meaningful way is the central focus of Spencer’s approach to overcoming challenges. This begins when parents/caregivers are able to resolve any challenges in the relationship that may be a barrier to therapy. Once this occurs, caregivers and their child can begin, in a safe and therapeutic environment, to explore the trauma, abuse, neglect, abandonment and loss which are the emotional source to behavioral struggles.
(970) 507-8834 View (970) 507-8834
Photo of undefined - Sandra Workman, MS, LPC, LLC, MS, NCC, CCMHC, LPC, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Sandra Workman, MS, LPC, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, CCMHC, LPC, LLC
Verified Verified
Fort Collins, CO 80524
Anxiety, depression, trauma/PTSD, mood disorders can feel confusing and painful while interrupting daily functioning. This can create struggle in our relationships, at home, work, financially. Looking for a way to navigate and manage some of the chaos life can bring without judgement is a brave first step, in making positive change! Therapy can help us become the better version of ourselves. Let's work together to identify what you would like to change or add to your life and strengthen the possibilities within. In order to better accommodate additional insurances and client preferences, I work with both Alma, and Headway.
Anxiety, depression, trauma/PTSD, mood disorders can feel confusing and painful while interrupting daily functioning. This can create struggle in our relationships, at home, work, financially. Looking for a way to navigate and manage some of the chaos life can bring without judgement is a brave first step, in making positive change! Therapy can help us become the better version of ourselves. Let's work together to identify what you would like to change or add to your life and strengthen the possibilities within. In order to better accommodate additional insurances and client preferences, I work with both Alma, and Headway.
(970) 592-5524 View (970) 592-5524
Photo of Jen Phippen, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jen Phippen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Fort Collins, CO 80525
This is an incredibly beautiful and complex time to be alive. It is easy for those of us who care deeply to become overwhelmed with all the suffering and chaos that surrounds us. The world needs healers and dreamers now more then ever. If we want to heal the world, then we must first offer that same love to our own hearts. I feel passionate about finding creative ways to keep our hearts open for the pain of the world without shutting down.
This is an incredibly beautiful and complex time to be alive. It is easy for those of us who care deeply to become overwhelmed with all the suffering and chaos that surrounds us. The world needs healers and dreamers now more then ever. If we want to heal the world, then we must first offer that same love to our own hearts. I feel passionate about finding creative ways to keep our hearts open for the pain of the world without shutting down.
(970) 840-9143 View (970) 840-9143
Photo of Becky Lindsey, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Becky Lindsey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Fort Collins, CO 80525
Want to Sleep Better? It is estimated that about 10-30% of the general population experiences some form of insomnia. CBT-I is a holistic approach to managing insomnia that empowers individuals to take an active role in improving their sleep. It's recommended by healthcare professionals as a first-line treatment for chronic insomnia and has been shown to be highly effective in clinical studies in getting clients back to sleep. CBT-I is the recommended first line treatment for chronic insomnia and sleep issues. Let us help you fix your sleep.
Want to Sleep Better? It is estimated that about 10-30% of the general population experiences some form of insomnia. CBT-I is a holistic approach to managing insomnia that empowers individuals to take an active role in improving their sleep. It's recommended by healthcare professionals as a first-line treatment for chronic insomnia and has been shown to be highly effective in clinical studies in getting clients back to sleep. CBT-I is the recommended first line treatment for chronic insomnia and sleep issues. Let us help you fix your sleep.
(970) 808-0035 View (970) 808-0035
Photo of Cori Barnes, MA, LPCC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Cori Barnes
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fort Collins, CO 80526
“I don't feel like I have anything to look forward to.” “I will never get over this breakup.” “I feel like nobody gets me.” “I think I'm past something, then I overreact.” “I spend most of my time worrying or avoiding." Do any of these resonate with you? We all struggle with difficult circumstances, thoughts and emotions at some point. Most times we can move through these but sometimes we get stuck. This does not mean we are broken, bad, or unloveable; although it can certainly feel that way. You are not alone! There is hope for a satisfying life. Having the courage to ask for help can be the first step toward positive change.
“I don't feel like I have anything to look forward to.” “I will never get over this breakup.” “I feel like nobody gets me.” “I think I'm past something, then I overreact.” “I spend most of my time worrying or avoiding." Do any of these resonate with you? We all struggle with difficult circumstances, thoughts and emotions at some point. Most times we can move through these but sometimes we get stuck. This does not mean we are broken, bad, or unloveable; although it can certainly feel that way. You are not alone! There is hope for a satisfying life. Having the courage to ask for help can be the first step toward positive change.
(970) 610-1272 View (970) 610-1272
Photo of Janell Nicholson, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Janell Nicholson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Fort Collins, CO 80526
I provide an atmosphere where you can experience the freedom to share your story without judgement. It’s important to have a place to be listened to and understood with care and compassion. I’ll help you discover new options and support you as you make decisions that connect you with your intrinsic values and beliefs and help you navigate difficult relationships.
I provide an atmosphere where you can experience the freedom to share your story without judgement. It’s important to have a place to be listened to and understood with care and compassion. I’ll help you discover new options and support you as you make decisions that connect you with your intrinsic values and beliefs and help you navigate difficult relationships.
(970) 660-3507 View (970) 660-3507
Photo of Chelsea H. Cashman, MA, LPC, NCC, CCATP, CTMH-A, Licensed Professional Counselor
Chelsea H. Cashman
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC, CCATP, CTMH-A
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Fort Collins, CO 80526  (Online Only)
Chances are if you are reading this you have reached a point in your life where you feel like you need additional support. I am here to help you navigate the difficulties that have started to impact your daily life and overall functioning. By working together, my hope is for you to begin to feel empowered and feel more in control. I will encourage and support you through difficult areas and help be a catalyst on your journey towards ultimate mental wealth. You are not alone. You are worthy. You are enough. I know this can be scary but you are capable. Together we can get you back to not only surviving but thriving.
Chances are if you are reading this you have reached a point in your life where you feel like you need additional support. I am here to help you navigate the difficulties that have started to impact your daily life and overall functioning. By working together, my hope is for you to begin to feel empowered and feel more in control. I will encourage and support you through difficult areas and help be a catalyst on your journey towards ultimate mental wealth. You are not alone. You are worthy. You are enough. I know this can be scary but you are capable. Together we can get you back to not only surviving but thriving.
(970) 825-0575 View (970) 825-0575

See more therapy options for Fort Collins

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Fort Collins, CO

1,000+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in Fort Collins, CO who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
78% Trauma and PTSD
76% Self Esteem
67% Stress
67% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% Aetna
74% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
73% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Fort Collins, CO see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
21% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Fort Collins?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.