Psychoanalytic Therapists in Denver, CO

Photo of Danna Cooperberg, MA, LPC, Counselor
Danna Cooperberg
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80218
I use psychoanalytic theory to explore my clients' present experiences while paying close attention to how their histories, relationships, and unconscious wishes and fears shape their world.
You're looking for help because something isn't working and you want to better understand what is keeping you stuck. I specialize in helping those struggling with depression, anxiety, complex trauma and disordered eating. Whatever you bring in, our first task will be to work together to find stable ground. We can then approach ourselves with curiosity, exploring the patterns, beliefs, and experiences you have developed to adapt and survive. Ultimately, this work will allow us to interpret the world from a new viewpoint with newly developed knowledge. Through this insight, we move toward experiencing increased peace and potential.
I use psychoanalytic theory to explore my clients' present experiences while paying close attention to how their histories, relationships, and unconscious wishes and fears shape their world.
You're looking for help because something isn't working and you want to better understand what is keeping you stuck. I specialize in helping those struggling with depression, anxiety, complex trauma and disordered eating. Whatever you bring in, our first task will be to work together to find stable ground. We can then approach ourselves with curiosity, exploring the patterns, beliefs, and experiences you have developed to adapt and survive. Ultimately, this work will allow us to interpret the world from a new viewpoint with newly developed knowledge. Through this insight, we move toward experiencing increased peace and potential.
(720) 637-1415 View (720) 637-1415
Photo of Mark J Wolny, LCSW, FABP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mark J Wolny
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, FABP
Verified Verified
Denver, CO 80246
I am a Psychoanalyst who has provided psychotherapy and psychoanalysis to individuals (from age 16) and couples in the Denver area since 1987. To further my skills as a therapist I completed advanced training in Psychoanalysis via the Colorado Center for Psychoanalytic Studies and the Denver Institute for Psychoanalysis. I also worked for a number of years at the Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center and learned a great deal about working with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
I am a Psychoanalyst who has provided psychotherapy and psychoanalysis to individuals (from age 16) and couples in the Denver area since 1987. To further my skills as a therapist I completed advanced training in Psychoanalysis via the Colorado Center for Psychoanalytic Studies and the Denver Institute for Psychoanalysis. I also worked for a number of years at the Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center and learned a great deal about working with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
(720) 358-5210 View (720) 358-5210
Photo of Grace Ballard, MA, LPC, CST, Licensed Professional Counselor
Grace Ballard
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, CST
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80202
I am a trans/genderqueer (they/them) sex therapist and psychoanalytic psychotherapist.
If you want to cultivate more freedom in your life, and better understand yourself and your relationships, you've come to the right place. I walk alongside you to explore your inner world. We will discover why you do what you do, and whether you want to keep doing it. Together, we learn how you impact others and yourself. I ask questions that elucidate your deeper motivations. I help you understand what you actually want so that you can get it. If you're ready to go deeper, but you're not sure how to go about it, I can help.
I am a trans/genderqueer (they/them) sex therapist and psychoanalytic psychotherapist.
If you want to cultivate more freedom in your life, and better understand yourself and your relationships, you've come to the right place. I walk alongside you to explore your inner world. We will discover why you do what you do, and whether you want to keep doing it. Together, we learn how you impact others and yourself. I ask questions that elucidate your deeper motivations. I help you understand what you actually want so that you can get it. If you're ready to go deeper, but you're not sure how to go about it, I can help.
(720) 575-5427 View (720) 575-5427
Photo of George M Joseph, LPC, LMHC, Licensed Professional Counselor
George M Joseph
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80209  (Online Only)
Do you ever feel like you're just not yourself lately? Maybe you're feeling a bit anxious or lacking in confidence. If you've tried therapy before but didn't see much improvement, don't worry—I'm here to help! My name is George Joseph, and I'm a psychoanalytic therapist with over 26 years of experience, credentialed in Colorado and Florida.
Do you ever feel like you're just not yourself lately? Maybe you're feeling a bit anxious or lacking in confidence. If you've tried therapy before but didn't see much improvement, don't worry—I'm here to help! My name is George Joseph, and I'm a psychoanalytic therapist with over 26 years of experience, credentialed in Colorado and Florida.
(720) 740-1762 View (720) 740-1762
Photo of George Sutherland, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
George Sutherland
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80212  (Online Only)
My approach is psychoanalytic in nature.
I will do my best to listen carefully and closely, and speak back in ways that enhance your curiosity. In this collaboration, you will be able to discover more of who you are both to yourself, and to other people. You will find in me someone who respects all parts of you and challenges you. I understand that therapy is not easy, and will do my best to make you feel understood throughout the process.
My approach is psychoanalytic in nature.
I will do my best to listen carefully and closely, and speak back in ways that enhance your curiosity. In this collaboration, you will be able to discover more of who you are both to yourself, and to other people. You will find in me someone who respects all parts of you and challenges you. I understand that therapy is not easy, and will do my best to make you feel understood throughout the process.
(720) 790-7635 View (720) 790-7635
Photo of Doreen Wright, MS, LPCC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Doreen Wright
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, LPCC
Verified Verified
Denver, CO 80231
I work using psychoanalytic theory.
I truly believe that every individual is capable of change but sometimes needs a different perspective and one that stands side by side to support them through their healing. It can be hard when there are generational aspects passed down that have never been challenged and looked at thoroughly. In our work together we look to challenge different beliefs and behaviors that may be standing in the way of progression toward being the best individual that one can be. I believe that the more we focus inward than outward, that is where we will find everything that we need, and once our internal state changes our external world does too.
I work using psychoanalytic theory.
I truly believe that every individual is capable of change but sometimes needs a different perspective and one that stands side by side to support them through their healing. It can be hard when there are generational aspects passed down that have never been challenged and looked at thoroughly. In our work together we look to challenge different beliefs and behaviors that may be standing in the way of progression toward being the best individual that one can be. I believe that the more we focus inward than outward, that is where we will find everything that we need, and once our internal state changes our external world does too.
(720) 730-6045 View (720) 730-6045
Photo of Roderic Alton Burks - Roderic Burks, MS, MA, MSHSc - Men's Mental Health, MS  HSc, MA, MS, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Roderic Burks, MS, MA, MSHSc - Men's Mental Health
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS HSc, MA, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80210  (Online Only)
Experience a tailored integrative therapy approach for men that blends psychoanalytic theories, dialectical and cognitive behavioral therapies, mind-body practices, parts work, eastern philosophy, and contemporary experiential therapies.
Mr. Burks brings 25+ years of academic and clinical experience to his work with men. He has been featured in the media as a guest healthcare professional, graduated with honors in Clinical Counseling from Adams State University, Clinical Management and Leadership from George Washington University, and Mind-Body Medicine on a Presidential Scholarship with a concentration in Integrative Mental Health from Saybrook University. He furthered his studies in the Clinical Depth Psychology doctoral program at Pacifica Graduate Institute and graduate programs at the Maryland University of Integrative Health and the University of Santa Monica.
Experience a tailored integrative therapy approach for men that blends psychoanalytic theories, dialectical and cognitive behavioral therapies, mind-body practices, parts work, eastern philosophy, and contemporary experiential therapies.
Mr. Burks brings 25+ years of academic and clinical experience to his work with men. He has been featured in the media as a guest healthcare professional, graduated with honors in Clinical Counseling from Adams State University, Clinical Management and Leadership from George Washington University, and Mind-Body Medicine on a Presidential Scholarship with a concentration in Integrative Mental Health from Saybrook University. He furthered his studies in the Clinical Depth Psychology doctoral program at Pacifica Graduate Institute and graduate programs at the Maryland University of Integrative Health and the University of Santa Monica.
(720) 606-6202 View (720) 606-6202
Photo of Meghan Hinman Arthur, PhD, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Meghan Hinman Arthur
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC
Verified Verified
Denver, CO 80204
As a depth psychotherapist and psychoanalytic candidate, I am trained to look for the ways that the unconscious mind influences our life, including all the choices we make, such as who we choose as friends or partners, any symptoms we may experience, and what occurs in our dreams and fantasies.
When therapy really works, the experience is soul-feeding and transformative. I work with people who want to deeply understand themselves, and any suffering they may be experiencing, as part of the path to feeling more grounded, content, and whole. This path is often mysterious and difficult, with twists and turns that can be hard to predict. But the process is also full of meaning and growth. I'm especially looking to work with people who are interested in investing deeply in this process and open to meeting multiple times per week.
As a depth psychotherapist and psychoanalytic candidate, I am trained to look for the ways that the unconscious mind influences our life, including all the choices we make, such as who we choose as friends or partners, any symptoms we may experience, and what occurs in our dreams and fantasies.
When therapy really works, the experience is soul-feeding and transformative. I work with people who want to deeply understand themselves, and any suffering they may be experiencing, as part of the path to feeling more grounded, content, and whole. This path is often mysterious and difficult, with twists and turns that can be hard to predict. But the process is also full of meaning and growth. I'm especially looking to work with people who are interested in investing deeply in this process and open to meeting multiple times per week.
(720) 650-0665 View (720) 650-0665
Photo of Deborah Bryon, PhD, NCPsyA, Jungian, Analyst, Psychologist
Deborah Bryon
Psychologist, PhD, NCPsyA, Jungian, Analyst
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80211
I am an author, artist, and lecturer in the international psychoanalytic community.
Do you feel alone in intimate relationships, repeating destructive patterns you would like to change? Are you feeling cut off from your creativity or struggling to find meaningful direction in life? Are you successful in the world but sense something deeper is missing? My focus is helping you improve your quality of life through connecting with inner strengths, reclaiming parts of yourself that have been left behind. I work with couples and professionals - often in life and career transitions, frequently in tech, law, medicine, and mental heath. Some are musicians, artists and writers, looking for deeper connection.
I am an author, artist, and lecturer in the international psychoanalytic community.
Do you feel alone in intimate relationships, repeating destructive patterns you would like to change? Are you feeling cut off from your creativity or struggling to find meaningful direction in life? Are you successful in the world but sense something deeper is missing? My focus is helping you improve your quality of life through connecting with inner strengths, reclaiming parts of yourself that have been left behind. I work with couples and professionals - often in life and career transitions, frequently in tech, law, medicine, and mental heath. Some are musicians, artists and writers, looking for deeper connection.
(303) 596-5233 View (303) 596-5233
Photo of Nichole D. Meshko, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Nichole D. Meshko
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Denver, CO 80204
I specialize in psychoanalytic therapy, art therapy and integrative body psychotherapy, which incorporates the mind, spirit and body, facilitating a more holistic and integrative approach to healing and growth.
I'm a seasoned therapist, having worked in the mental health the field for over 20 years. I provide quality therapeutic care to those in need. I believe that we all have an intrinsic desire to strive towards health, healing and harmony in our lives. I specialize in treating trauma, depression, anxiety and attachment issues with individuals and couples to help them optimize their life experience.
I specialize in psychoanalytic therapy, art therapy and integrative body psychotherapy, which incorporates the mind, spirit and body, facilitating a more holistic and integrative approach to healing and growth.
I'm a seasoned therapist, having worked in the mental health the field for over 20 years. I provide quality therapeutic care to those in need. I believe that we all have an intrinsic desire to strive towards health, healing and harmony in our lives. I specialize in treating trauma, depression, anxiety and attachment issues with individuals and couples to help them optimize their life experience.
(720) 358-5167 View (720) 358-5167
Photo of Jake Goulder, MSW, SWC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jake Goulder
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, SWC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80214
I draw from narrative, postmodern, and cognitive theories, but my foundation is primarily psychoanalytic: this means that I ask my clients to discuss whatever’s on their mind, even if it seems insignificant.
You may be feeling lost, stuck, or that everything is wrong. Perhaps anxiety or anger or grief are overwhelming you, and you don’t know what to do. Problems like these don’t have easy solutions, but our work together can help; therapy can reshape how we think about ourselves, our lives, and our worlds, and it can make room for radically new parts of ourselves to emerge after years of waiting. In my work, every case is different. I attend closely to what makes you unique—your passions, fears, desires, and history—and I strive to make room for new insights and perspectives.
I draw from narrative, postmodern, and cognitive theories, but my foundation is primarily psychoanalytic: this means that I ask my clients to discuss whatever’s on their mind, even if it seems insignificant.
You may be feeling lost, stuck, or that everything is wrong. Perhaps anxiety or anger or grief are overwhelming you, and you don’t know what to do. Problems like these don’t have easy solutions, but our work together can help; therapy can reshape how we think about ourselves, our lives, and our worlds, and it can make room for radically new parts of ourselves to emerge after years of waiting. In my work, every case is different. I attend closely to what makes you unique—your passions, fears, desires, and history—and I strive to make room for new insights and perspectives.
(720) 821-0901 View (720) 821-0901
Photo of Keziah Hammonds, MSW, SWC
Keziah Hammonds
Clinical Social Work Candidate, MSW, SWC
Verified Verified
Denver, CO 80202
Hi! I’m a very supportive and empathetic therapist with 5 years of experience. I am committed to providing you a safe space where your feelings will be validated and your experiences acknowledged. I am very understanding and non-judgmental. I am very skilled at teaching coping mechanisms and self care as well as emotional resilience which is so needed in this trying time. I will provide you with therapeutic guidance until you are at the point where you have achieved emotional wellness, healthy self awareness and have improved at cultivating the healthy relationships you need.
Hi! I’m a very supportive and empathetic therapist with 5 years of experience. I am committed to providing you a safe space where your feelings will be validated and your experiences acknowledged. I am very understanding and non-judgmental. I am very skilled at teaching coping mechanisms and self care as well as emotional resilience which is so needed in this trying time. I will provide you with therapeutic guidance until you are at the point where you have achieved emotional wellness, healthy self awareness and have improved at cultivating the healthy relationships you need.
(720) 580-4628 x709 View (720) 580-4628 x709
Photo of Luz Navarrete, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Luz Navarrete
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Denver, CO 80249  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Life's challenges can leave you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, depressed, and disconnected, leading to struggles with low-self-esteem, relationship issues, or trauma. Whether it’s navigating anxiety, family conflict, racial trauma, or a major life transition, I am here to walk alongside you on your journey. I am passionate about empowering individuals and utilize a person-centered, culturally responsive, and strengths-based approach to support people on their path towards healing and hope.
Life's challenges can leave you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, depressed, and disconnected, leading to struggles with low-self-esteem, relationship issues, or trauma. Whether it’s navigating anxiety, family conflict, racial trauma, or a major life transition, I am here to walk alongside you on your journey. I am passionate about empowering individuals and utilize a person-centered, culturally responsive, and strengths-based approach to support people on their path towards healing and hope.
(720) 805-6244 View (720) 805-6244
Photo of Bobby Dunham, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Bobby Dunham
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80211
Life has a way of forcing us to confront things which we believed we already overcame. Sometimes we look at ourselves and think, "how did I get here?". We can become so complacent and comfortable with discomfort that it becomes our new normal, forming our views and behaviors without our knowledge it's even happening. Sometimes we all just need an accepting and neutral person to process life with in order to regain control and understanding. We will work together to build respect and trust. I believe that counseling is not giving a hand to a person sitting in the mud, it's sitting in the mud with them and getting out together.
Life has a way of forcing us to confront things which we believed we already overcame. Sometimes we look at ourselves and think, "how did I get here?". We can become so complacent and comfortable with discomfort that it becomes our new normal, forming our views and behaviors without our knowledge it's even happening. Sometimes we all just need an accepting and neutral person to process life with in order to regain control and understanding. We will work together to build respect and trust. I believe that counseling is not giving a hand to a person sitting in the mud, it's sitting in the mud with them and getting out together.
(720) 790-6378 View (720) 790-6378
Photo of Lisa Ali, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lisa Ali
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80210
I work collaboratively with clients who are struggling with feelings of anxiety, life transitions, genuine connections, relationship issues, attachment, bonding and adoption-related issues. I believe in the strength of families and individuals and I will collaborate with you by building on those strengths during the therapeutic process. I believe we all have strengths we can draw from which make us a stronger healthier human being. I believe in looking at therapy as a part of a holistic maintenance we as humans should all participate in. We are exercising our brains and emotions to strengthen who we are and who we strive to be.
I work collaboratively with clients who are struggling with feelings of anxiety, life transitions, genuine connections, relationship issues, attachment, bonding and adoption-related issues. I believe in the strength of families and individuals and I will collaborate with you by building on those strengths during the therapeutic process. I believe we all have strengths we can draw from which make us a stronger healthier human being. I believe in looking at therapy as a part of a holistic maintenance we as humans should all participate in. We are exercising our brains and emotions to strengthen who we are and who we strive to be.
(303) 569-4350 View (303) 569-4350
Photo of John A Otte, PsyD, Psychologist
John A Otte
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80222
If you're reading this I want to encourage you to keep the momentum! Reaching out to a therapist is one of the most difficult and hopeful things you can do and it’s worth it! I work with anxiety, depression, addictions and relationship issues. I've been a psychologist for over 35 years and I still love the work. My approach incorporates a spiritual orientation; this is due to working with people who are in recovery, and my own journey. Spiritual based psychotherapy is not about religion, but about accessing the Power that surrounds us, the power of Love. I am an active, engaging therapist with a sense of humor, it’s good to laugh.
If you're reading this I want to encourage you to keep the momentum! Reaching out to a therapist is one of the most difficult and hopeful things you can do and it’s worth it! I work with anxiety, depression, addictions and relationship issues. I've been a psychologist for over 35 years and I still love the work. My approach incorporates a spiritual orientation; this is due to working with people who are in recovery, and my own journey. Spiritual based psychotherapy is not about religion, but about accessing the Power that surrounds us, the power of Love. I am an active, engaging therapist with a sense of humor, it’s good to laugh.
(720) 924-4775 View (720) 924-4775
Photo of Anna Guidone, LSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Anna Guidone
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Denver, CO 80246  (Online Only)
We haven’t met yet, but I already know you are brave. Taking a step towards caring for your mental and emotional health is no easy task. My goal is to walk alongside you on your healing journey and help you find your own power. I am committed to creating a safe, judgment-free space for all. I understand that therapy is not a one size fits all practice. I promise to meet you where you are and provide individually tailored care for your needs.
We haven’t met yet, but I already know you are brave. Taking a step towards caring for your mental and emotional health is no easy task. My goal is to walk alongside you on your healing journey and help you find your own power. I am committed to creating a safe, judgment-free space for all. I understand that therapy is not a one size fits all practice. I promise to meet you where you are and provide individually tailored care for your needs.
(720) 807-3164 View (720) 807-3164
Photo of Nathalye Carolina Balistrire - Mindsolutions.LLC, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Mindsolutions.LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Denver, CO 80205
We provide bilingual and bicultural mental health therapy , consultation, and community connections.Mindsolutions, LLC’s Initiate services are adapted to the generational needs of our clients and their communities. Mindsolutions, helping families with languages barriers, connect with community services, closed the cultural gap between family members , teach parenting skills to parents of how deal within home crisis.
We provide bilingual and bicultural mental health therapy , consultation, and community connections.Mindsolutions, LLC’s Initiate services are adapted to the generational needs of our clients and their communities. Mindsolutions, helping families with languages barriers, connect with community services, closed the cultural gap between family members , teach parenting skills to parents of how deal within home crisis.
(970) 237-5941 View (970) 237-5941
Photo of Jeni Ambrose, PhD, Registered Psychotherapist
Jeni Ambrose
Registered Psychotherapist, PhD
Verified Verified
Denver, CO 80206  (Online Only)
My practice is grounded in treating stress, trauma, and PTSD. Supporting a broad range of clients impacted by the debilitating effects of these conditions - abuse, abandonment, loss, physical injury, chronic illness, terminal illness, chronic pain, obesity, work-related stress, relationship issues, etc. I have a uniquely-effective approach for assisting those impacted by sexual trauma. It is my professional passion and commitment to use the most effective and rapid treatment methods available to help clients achieve the highest degree of personal liberation and authenticity. I assist clients from the comfort and convenience of their own home via web video (Skype, FaceTime) and by phone.
My practice is grounded in treating stress, trauma, and PTSD. Supporting a broad range of clients impacted by the debilitating effects of these conditions - abuse, abandonment, loss, physical injury, chronic illness, terminal illness, chronic pain, obesity, work-related stress, relationship issues, etc. I have a uniquely-effective approach for assisting those impacted by sexual trauma. It is my professional passion and commitment to use the most effective and rapid treatment methods available to help clients achieve the highest degree of personal liberation and authenticity. I assist clients from the comfort and convenience of their own home via web video (Skype, FaceTime) and by phone.
(720) 903-4938 View (720) 903-4938
Photo of Dr. Keegan S. Walker, PhD
Dr. Keegan S. Walker
Psychologist Candidate, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80222
Greetings! I am a Licensed Psychology Candidate and I provide psychotherapy for adults, as well as assessment for ages 6 and above. I work with a wide range of problems, and I specialize in working with PTSD/trauma-related disorders, anxiety, and addiction. I also offer various clinical assessments, including intellectual functioning, ASD, ADHD, and academic/learning challenges. I work to create safe, affirming space for any individual who feels I may be of some help to them as they explore their personal identity. Above all else, I work collaboratively with each individual to tailor treatment for optimal healing.
Greetings! I am a Licensed Psychology Candidate and I provide psychotherapy for adults, as well as assessment for ages 6 and above. I work with a wide range of problems, and I specialize in working with PTSD/trauma-related disorders, anxiety, and addiction. I also offer various clinical assessments, including intellectual functioning, ASD, ADHD, and academic/learning challenges. I work to create safe, affirming space for any individual who feels I may be of some help to them as they explore their personal identity. Above all else, I work collaboratively with each individual to tailor treatment for optimal healing.
(720) 463-1539 View (720) 463-1539
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Psychoanalytic Therapists

Does psychoanalytic therapy work?

Psychoanalytic therapy derives from the work of Sigmund Freud. In this type of therapy, discovering buried thoughts and emotions from the unconscious will help a person work through their difficulties and negative behaviors. Research shows that psychoanalytic therapy can be highly effective, with patients reporting improvement in mood, quality of life, and overall well-being.

How long are people typically in psychoanalytic therapy?

Traditional psychoanalysis is in-depth and is conducted in five sessions every week. Today, modern psychoanalytic therapy is less intense and normally incorporates as few as one or two sessions a week. In some cases, positive change can occur quickly. However, if the condition, difficulty, or behavior is deep-seated, improvement may require many months or years of therapy.

Is psychoanalytic therapy suitable for young people?

Children and adolescents can benefit from this type of therapy. Many kids and teens are often unable to form and communicate their thoughts and emotions. Psychoanalytic therapy uses specific techniques such as dream analysis, symbolism, and free association or word association; all of which can be useful tools for less-communicative young people. Through this therapy, a patient will hopefully make connections between what they feel inside and how the world works outside.

Can psychoanalytic therapy be done online?

Modern-day psychoanalytic therapy is very different from traditional psychoanalysis. While an individual can sit face-to-face with the psychoanalyst for multiple sessions a week, they do not have to. Today, psychoanalytic therapy can be effectively conducted online or by phone. The key is that the individual confronts what is repressed and avoided, and this can be done whether in person or over online video.