Therapists in Denver, CO

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Photo of Denette C Martinez-Guzman, Licensed Professional Counselor in Denver, CO
Denette C Martinez-Guzman
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CPRP
Verified
Denver, CO 80222  (Online Only)
Counseling is a journey that is both challenging and rewarding. It is a place to explore who you are and what you want your life to be. It is a place to heal from symptoms, life experiences and relationship problems. It is a place where you are supported and encouraged to be your best self and to live your best life.
Counseling is a journey that is both challenging and rewarding. It is a place to explore who you are and what you want your life to be. It is a place to heal from symptoms, life experiences and relationship problems. It is a place where you are supported and encouraged to be your best self and to live your best life.
(303) 529-8490 View (303) 529-8490
Photo of David Shanley, Psychologist in Denver, CO
David Shanley
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
6 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80210
I am an energetic therapist who can help you address aspects of your life that you may think are unchangeable or too shameful to even discuss. I take a directive approach that helps you learn how to not allow your fears and anxiety to stop you from living the life you want. l get to the problem quickly and efficiently, and assign homework between sessions to facilitate progress. I work with individuals to live more meaningful lives by helping them approach, rather than avoid, those aspects of their lives and relationships that are most important to them.
I am an energetic therapist who can help you address aspects of your life that you may think are unchangeable or too shameful to even discuss. I take a directive approach that helps you learn how to not allow your fears and anxiety to stop you from living the life you want. l get to the problem quickly and efficiently, and assign homework between sessions to facilitate progress. I work with individuals to live more meaningful lives by helping them approach, rather than avoid, those aspects of their lives and relationships that are most important to them.
(720) 606-2770 View (720) 606-2770
Photo of Brittany Bouffard, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Denver, CO
Brittany Bouffard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, SEP, CYT
Verified
4 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80212
Professionals and Millennials often feel deeply the stresses of work, family struggles, and relationship or dating challenges. Any of these can have you overwhelmed by anxiety, stress, hurtful people, low self-esteem, comparing to others, or not feeling "good enough." You take care of everyone yet don't get your own needs met. You seek a partner or to improve your relationship, but your past gets in the way. A parent (still!)makes family harmony difficult. I've worked alongside people in their 30s and 20s at universities and nonprofits on three continents. And I can help you live your whole authentic self with less stress.
Professionals and Millennials often feel deeply the stresses of work, family struggles, and relationship or dating challenges. Any of these can have you overwhelmed by anxiety, stress, hurtful people, low self-esteem, comparing to others, or not feeling "good enough." You take care of everyone yet don't get your own needs met. You seek a partner or to improve your relationship, but your past gets in the way. A parent (still!)makes family harmony difficult. I've worked alongside people in their 30s and 20s at universities and nonprofits on three continents. And I can help you live your whole authentic self with less stress.
(720) 619-3774 View (720) 619-3774
Photo of Erin Shrago, Psychologist in Denver, CO
Erin Shrago
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Denver, CO 80246
I see the therapeutic process as a relationship between you and I where we begin to explore one's patterns, relationships, strengths, and challenges. In such exploration, one can find a deeper understanding of him/herself in order to move forward with a happy and productive life. My role is a partner, guide, and witness to your journey of becoming a more fulfilled you. I believe everyone is doing their best to survive and find happiness in their lives. Sometimes, our efforts can lead to maladaptive patterns. Therapy helps illuminate these patterns and guide you to develop new ones.
I see the therapeutic process as a relationship between you and I where we begin to explore one's patterns, relationships, strengths, and challenges. In such exploration, one can find a deeper understanding of him/herself in order to move forward with a happy and productive life. My role is a partner, guide, and witness to your journey of becoming a more fulfilled you. I believe everyone is doing their best to survive and find happiness in their lives. Sometimes, our efforts can lead to maladaptive patterns. Therapy helps illuminate these patterns and guide you to develop new ones.
(303) 900-7035 View (303) 900-7035
Photo of Lesbian Couples Institute in Denver, CO
Lesbian Couples Institute
Verified
2 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80210
Are you looking for help with your lesbian relationship and you don't know where to go, or who to trust? Feel like you're stuck in a vicious cycle that's causing you distress or pain? Maybe so much pain that you're starting to think that your relationship is doomed. Or perhaps your partner has just told you that she's not in love with you anymore, and you desperately want to turn things around. If you're struggling with communication, disconnection, or trust issues you've come to the right place.
Are you looking for help with your lesbian relationship and you don't know where to go, or who to trust? Feel like you're stuck in a vicious cycle that's causing you distress or pain? Maybe so much pain that you're starting to think that your relationship is doomed. Or perhaps your partner has just told you that she's not in love with you anymore, and you desperately want to turn things around. If you're struggling with communication, disconnection, or trust issues you've come to the right place.
(720) 580-5263 View (720) 580-5263
Photo of Sarah Hays, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Denver, CO
Sarah Hays
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80223
Accepting new clients! I enjoy working with individuals who are open and ready for support and change. My experience includes working with several different mental health issues including depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar, trauma, anger, and many more as well as all different types of life challenges. My goal is to help my clients develop, and live, a life they are happy and proud of. From issues related to stress, sleep, or lifestyle challenges to more severe mental illness I will work with you on finding what helps you reach your goals. I am EMDR certified which is the leading treatment for trauma.
Accepting new clients! I enjoy working with individuals who are open and ready for support and change. My experience includes working with several different mental health issues including depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar, trauma, anger, and many more as well as all different types of life challenges. My goal is to help my clients develop, and live, a life they are happy and proud of. From issues related to stress, sleep, or lifestyle challenges to more severe mental illness I will work with you on finding what helps you reach your goals. I am EMDR certified which is the leading treatment for trauma.
(970) 436-4030 View (970) 436-4030
Photo of Ghalia Alkassir, Pre-Licensed Professional in Denver, CO
Ghalia Alkassir
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80207
Are you someone with a diverse cultural background, skillfully navigating the complexities of your intersecting identities? Are you facing challenges like depression, anxiety, or unresolved trauma? Are you in search of a welcoming and supportive space where your unique journey is not only understood but also respected? In today's world, individuals with multiple intersecting identities often confront intricate challenges that can lead to emotional distress and lingering pain, particularly in cultures that may not fully embrace the value of mental health treatment.
Are you someone with a diverse cultural background, skillfully navigating the complexities of your intersecting identities? Are you facing challenges like depression, anxiety, or unresolved trauma? Are you in search of a welcoming and supportive space where your unique journey is not only understood but also respected? In today's world, individuals with multiple intersecting identities often confront intricate challenges that can lead to emotional distress and lingering pain, particularly in cultures that may not fully embrace the value of mental health treatment.
(720) 410-6306 View (720) 410-6306
Photo of Amy B Crockett, Psychologist in Denver, CO
Amy B Crockett
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Denver, CO 80218
Not accepting new clients
I work with adults, specializing in treating a broad range of psychological issues, including depression, anxiety, relationship problems, anger and stress management, job and life-style changes, parenting issues, fertility and pregnancy issues, and grief. I also do psychological assessments as needed and offer IQ, memory, and personality testing when required or requested. I have been in practice for over 20 years and have extensive experience working with individuals to help them achieve fulfilling, healthy, and satisfying lives and relationships.
I work with adults, specializing in treating a broad range of psychological issues, including depression, anxiety, relationship problems, anger and stress management, job and life-style changes, parenting issues, fertility and pregnancy issues, and grief. I also do psychological assessments as needed and offer IQ, memory, and personality testing when required or requested. I have been in practice for over 20 years and have extensive experience working with individuals to help them achieve fulfilling, healthy, and satisfying lives and relationships.
(720) 463-1657 View (720) 463-1657
Photo of Lindsey Harrell, Licensed Professional Counselor in Denver, CO
Lindsey Harrell
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Denver, CO 80218
Each person has inherent worth and dignity, simply by being. As we face life’s challenges, we often get messages that we’re too much, not enough, unimportant, etc. Over time, these lies disguise themselves as truth, and they impact our view of self and relationships with others. Together we'll be curious about the messages you've received throughout life and how these impact you in relationships today. I bring a holistic approach as we pay attention to thoughts, feelings, and body sensations. We'll work to build kindness towards yourself so that you can embody your worth wholly and congruently.
Each person has inherent worth and dignity, simply by being. As we face life’s challenges, we often get messages that we’re too much, not enough, unimportant, etc. Over time, these lies disguise themselves as truth, and they impact our view of self and relationships with others. Together we'll be curious about the messages you've received throughout life and how these impact you in relationships today. I bring a holistic approach as we pay attention to thoughts, feelings, and body sensations. We'll work to build kindness towards yourself so that you can embody your worth wholly and congruently.
(720) 764-9922 View (720) 764-9922
Photo of Erin Amundson, Licensed Professional Counselor in Denver, CO
Erin Amundson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, online
Verified
Denver, CO 80203  (Online Only)
Would you like to experience a deep and radical transformation in your life? Do you believe that everything in life happens for a reason, but you're not always sure what it is? How would you like to achieve the highest expression of your soul in this lifetime? Every night our soul is speaking to us through our dreams, but often we don't know how to interpret the message. As a portal to the source of who we are, dreams guide us to our deepest healing, our highest potential, and the connections that assure us we are on the right path.
Would you like to experience a deep and radical transformation in your life? Do you believe that everything in life happens for a reason, but you're not always sure what it is? How would you like to achieve the highest expression of your soul in this lifetime? Every night our soul is speaking to us through our dreams, but often we don't know how to interpret the message. As a portal to the source of who we are, dreams guide us to our deepest healing, our highest potential, and the connections that assure us we are on the right path.
(720) 369-1722 View (720) 369-1722
Photo of Jenny Goldstein, Licensed Professional Counselor in Denver, CO
Jenny Goldstein
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Denver, CO 80238  (Online Only)
Over the course of my career, I have worked with various populations of teen and adult clients in the mental health field. I can honestly say that I love what I do and have always found a unique way to connect with each client. I believe it is important to view each person who I meet with an intersectional and unbiased lens and to construct a treatment plan and therapy style for each client that is in line with not just their specific mental health needs, but their personality, sense of humor, and values.
Over the course of my career, I have worked with various populations of teen and adult clients in the mental health field. I can honestly say that I love what I do and have always found a unique way to connect with each client. I believe it is important to view each person who I meet with an intersectional and unbiased lens and to construct a treatment plan and therapy style for each client that is in line with not just their specific mental health needs, but their personality, sense of humor, and values.
(720) 640-6989 View (720) 640-6989
Photo of Aaron Dorfman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Denver, CO
Aaron Dorfman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80209  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Aaron Dorfman, LCSW, and I have over a decade of experience working in the mental health field. If you're facing the struggles of anxiety, battling depression, or navigating life's challenges, I'm here to provide dedicated support. Employing a person-centered approach, your well-being is my primary focus and I ensure that our therapeutic journey progresses at a pace you are comfortable with, thus fostering a safe and trusting space. Together, we will embark on a journey to enhance your self-esteem, refine your problem-solving skills, and uncover profound insights that pave the way for meaningful personal growth.
Hello, I'm Aaron Dorfman, LCSW, and I have over a decade of experience working in the mental health field. If you're facing the struggles of anxiety, battling depression, or navigating life's challenges, I'm here to provide dedicated support. Employing a person-centered approach, your well-being is my primary focus and I ensure that our therapeutic journey progresses at a pace you are comfortable with, thus fostering a safe and trusting space. Together, we will embark on a journey to enhance your self-esteem, refine your problem-solving skills, and uncover profound insights that pave the way for meaningful personal growth.
(720) 403-2602 View (720) 403-2602
Photo of Catherine Wright, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Denver, CO
Catherine Wright
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80246  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I provide care to older teens and adults looking for compassionate support as they navigate stress, relationships, the impact of trauma, and/or identity exploration. I use a collaborative approach with my clients help folks navigate the complex systems in our society (school, work, family, capitalism, healthcare, etc.) and explore the impact of these institutions on their wellbeing. I am passionate about helping others deepen their self-awareness, relationships with others, and understanding of their place in this world.
I provide care to older teens and adults looking for compassionate support as they navigate stress, relationships, the impact of trauma, and/or identity exploration. I use a collaborative approach with my clients help folks navigate the complex systems in our society (school, work, family, capitalism, healthcare, etc.) and explore the impact of these institutions on their wellbeing. I am passionate about helping others deepen their self-awareness, relationships with others, and understanding of their place in this world.
(720) 679-7936 View (720) 679-7936
Photo of Dr. Melody M Brown, Marriage & Family Therapist in Denver, CO
Dr. Melody M Brown
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT
Verified
Denver, CO 80211  (Online Only)
My ideal client is the person, couple or family navigating communication styles, life and career transitions, and relationship difficulties. They might also struggle with insecurities and self acceptance. They navigate social justice issues in their communities, families and work spaces. More than anything, my clients need to feel accepted and respected. They exist in spaces where they are judged and misunderstood. They are sometimes in danger of harm for the way they look, the way they love, for their beliefs, or identities. Like anyone else, they want to exist in a world that tells them they shouldn't.
My ideal client is the person, couple or family navigating communication styles, life and career transitions, and relationship difficulties. They might also struggle with insecurities and self acceptance. They navigate social justice issues in their communities, families and work spaces. More than anything, my clients need to feel accepted and respected. They exist in spaces where they are judged and misunderstood. They are sometimes in danger of harm for the way they look, the way they love, for their beliefs, or identities. Like anyone else, they want to exist in a world that tells them they shouldn't.
(720) 459-4868 View (720) 459-4868
Photo of Dana Polley (Accepting New Clients), Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Denver, CO
Dana Polley (Accepting New Clients)
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PMH-C
Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80218
Do you often find yourself feeling anxious, overwhelmed, or stressed about work, relationships, or life's uncertainties? Are you going through a major life change, such as entering parenthood, career shifts, or relocating, and struggling to adapt? Have you experienced a significant loss and need support to process your emotions? If you're seeking to break free from the stress and overwhelm due to life transitions, then I am here to help you regain control, find your inner strength, and build resilience.
Do you often find yourself feeling anxious, overwhelmed, or stressed about work, relationships, or life's uncertainties? Are you going through a major life change, such as entering parenthood, career shifts, or relocating, and struggling to adapt? Have you experienced a significant loss and need support to process your emotions? If you're seeking to break free from the stress and overwhelm due to life transitions, then I am here to help you regain control, find your inner strength, and build resilience.
(720) 410-6636 View (720) 410-6636
Photo of D Nico Baker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Denver, CO
D Nico Baker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Denver, CO 80210
The ways in which we view ourselves and understand our stories shape how we think and feel. We each come into therapy with unique experiences that inform our current ways of thinking and being; by understanding the experiences that shape us, we can shift them into narratives of empowerment, growth, and change. I am a social worker with specific experience working with men and with people from marginalized communities, including around issues of gender and sexuality. I work with people who want to feel better, overcome trauma and shame, understand how the past still affects them and strive to be better versions of themselves.
The ways in which we view ourselves and understand our stories shape how we think and feel. We each come into therapy with unique experiences that inform our current ways of thinking and being; by understanding the experiences that shape us, we can shift them into narratives of empowerment, growth, and change. I am a social worker with specific experience working with men and with people from marginalized communities, including around issues of gender and sexuality. I work with people who want to feel better, overcome trauma and shame, understand how the past still affects them and strive to be better versions of themselves.
(720) 443-2353 View (720) 443-2353
Photo of Jonathan Gray, Licensed Professional Counselor in Denver, CO
Jonathan Gray
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LAC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80231
Good--you're ready to take action! Starting therapy is a courageous step. My goal is to walk alongside you and encourage you further. I consider my role as therapist an immense privilege, and seeing people grow and heal through therapy never gets old! I take a solution-focused and strengths-based approach in helping you to achieve results.
Good--you're ready to take action! Starting therapy is a courageous step. My goal is to walk alongside you and encourage you further. I consider my role as therapist an immense privilege, and seeing people grow and heal through therapy never gets old! I take a solution-focused and strengths-based approach in helping you to achieve results.
(720) 650-2566 View (720) 650-2566
Photo of Ari M Hoffman, Licensed Professional Counselor in Denver, CO
Ari M Hoffman
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Denver, CO 80224
Are you ready to bury your partner in the front yard? Are things in your relationship just too much already? Are you ready to feel some more nourishment in your marriage? Hi! I'm your relationship therapist. I will walk with you on the path of healing and growing your relationship. I will be with you at every step of the journey showing you the way toward a more fulfilling and nourishing relationship. Together you and your partner will find the spark and the satisfaction again.
Are you ready to bury your partner in the front yard? Are things in your relationship just too much already? Are you ready to feel some more nourishment in your marriage? Hi! I'm your relationship therapist. I will walk with you on the path of healing and growing your relationship. I will be with you at every step of the journey showing you the way toward a more fulfilling and nourishing relationship. Together you and your partner will find the spark and the satisfaction again.
(720) 463-1360 View (720) 463-1360
Photo of Kristen Melanie Evans, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Denver, CO
Kristen Melanie Evans
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LAC
Verified
Denver, CO 80220  (Online Only)
Embarking on the journey of healing and recovery can be a challenging and courageous step, and I understand the apprehension that often accompanies seeking support. In my nine years of dedicated work in the field of recovery and addiction, I've come to appreciate that the path to healing is not a linear trajectory but rather a transformative spiral. It's a journey where you may find yourself revisiting aspects you thought you understood, only to uncover deeper truths and insights. I believe in the resilience of the human spirit and the profound capacity for growth and change.
Embarking on the journey of healing and recovery can be a challenging and courageous step, and I understand the apprehension that often accompanies seeking support. In my nine years of dedicated work in the field of recovery and addiction, I've come to appreciate that the path to healing is not a linear trajectory but rather a transformative spiral. It's a journey where you may find yourself revisiting aspects you thought you understood, only to uncover deeper truths and insights. I believe in the resilience of the human spirit and the profound capacity for growth and change.
(720) 734-1447 View (720) 734-1447
Photo of Dr. Denise Bickel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Denver, CO
Dr. Denise Bickel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, MSW, LCSW
Verified
Denver, CO 80202
Loss occurs in myriad ways. Those experiencing the death of a loved one, friend, or pet, along with other losses such as divorce, illness, relocation, unemployment, or retirement may benefit from counseling specific to grief and loss. As a therapist with 20+ years’ experience, licensed in Colorado and Missouri, my areas of expertise include oncology, end-of-life care, and griefwork. In addition, for the past five years I have been an adjunct professor at the University of Denver and a facilitator of guided meditation walks at the Denver Botanic Gardens.
Loss occurs in myriad ways. Those experiencing the death of a loved one, friend, or pet, along with other losses such as divorce, illness, relocation, unemployment, or retirement may benefit from counseling specific to grief and loss. As a therapist with 20+ years’ experience, licensed in Colorado and Missouri, my areas of expertise include oncology, end-of-life care, and griefwork. In addition, for the past five years I have been an adjunct professor at the University of Denver and a facilitator of guided meditation walks at the Denver Botanic Gardens.
(720) 893-9865 View (720) 893-9865

See more therapy options for Denver

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Denver, CO

3,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Denver, CO who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
80% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
75% Trauma and PTSD
71% Stress
68% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

74% Aetna
66% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
62% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Denver, CO see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
19% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Denver?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.