Therapists in Castle Rock, CO

Photo of Andrea Madsen in Castle Rock, CO
Andrea Madsen
MA, Intern
Castle Rock, CO 80104
I am dedicated to helping people gain clarity and meaningful direction in their lives. I enjoy working with adolescents, teens, and adults and I am interested in helping individuals navigate through all of life's transitions and challenges. I have spent the last 14 years teaching developmental psychology at the college and university level. I have a master's degree in education and I am getting a second master's degree in clinical mental health counseling at Adams State University in Colorado. I am currently an intern at Nature Matters Counseling in Castle Rock, Colorado.
I am dedicated to helping people gain clarity and meaningful direction in their lives. I enjoy working with adolescents, teens, and adults and I am interested in helping individuals navigate through all of life's transitions and challenges. I have spent the last 14 years teaching developmental psychology at the college and university level. I have a master's degree in education and I am getting a second master's degree in clinical mental health counseling at Adams State University in Colorado. I am currently an intern at Nature Matters Counseling in Castle Rock, Colorado.
(720) 729-9988 View (720) 729-9988
Photo of Tina Moss, Marriage and Family Therapist Candidate in Castle Rock, CO
Tina Moss
Marriage and Family Therapist Candidate, MA, MFTC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80104
Currently Accepting New Clients! Telehealth & Outdoor Talk Therapy in Castle Rock - I conduct sessions in nature, walking or sitting. This is not a form of exercise but another way to collaborate with families, couples, and individuals, on issues big or small. I believe we try to do the best we can with what we have. We could all use more tools, more support, a deeper understanding of ourselves, and our pasts, to live the life we want. I work with clients to create the change they want to see and in some cases figure out what that even looks like.
Currently Accepting New Clients! Telehealth & Outdoor Talk Therapy in Castle Rock - I conduct sessions in nature, walking or sitting. This is not a form of exercise but another way to collaborate with families, couples, and individuals, on issues big or small. I believe we try to do the best we can with what we have. We could all use more tools, more support, a deeper understanding of ourselves, and our pasts, to live the life we want. I work with clients to create the change they want to see and in some cases figure out what that even looks like.
(720) 358-8891 View (720) 358-8891
Photo of Behavioral Health and Trauma Recovery Services, PC, Marriage & Family Therapist in Castle Rock, CO
Behavioral Health and Trauma Recovery Services, PC
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT, LAC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80104
Dr. Waymon Stallcup is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and Licensed Addiction Counselor. He earned his doctorate in Marriage and Family Therapy and specializes in couples therapy, as well as treating adults with trauma reactions, anxiety/depression, grief/loss, addictions, and anger. For over 10yrs he has worked with individuals experiencing posttraumatic/stress reactions. At this practice we specialize in First Responder & Military Related Stress Reactions, and Civilians who have experienced stressful life-cycle changes or isolated traumatic events, by serving as a "first response" to these often-unnamed heroes/survivors.
Dr. Waymon Stallcup is a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and Licensed Addiction Counselor. He earned his doctorate in Marriage and Family Therapy and specializes in couples therapy, as well as treating adults with trauma reactions, anxiety/depression, grief/loss, addictions, and anger. For over 10yrs he has worked with individuals experiencing posttraumatic/stress reactions. At this practice we specialize in First Responder & Military Related Stress Reactions, and Civilians who have experienced stressful life-cycle changes or isolated traumatic events, by serving as a "first response" to these often-unnamed heroes/survivors.
(720) 706-9639 View (720) 706-9639
Photo of Waterfalls Counseling Services, Licensed Professional Counselor in Castle Rock, CO
Waterfalls Counseling Services
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Castle Rock, CO 80109
Hello! My name is Kim and my passion is bringing peace and happiness to children who are experiencing a rough patch in their life. I help children discover healthy perceptions of themselves and strengthen their relationship skills so that they can view themselves as complete and whole.
Hello! My name is Kim and my passion is bringing peace and happiness to children who are experiencing a rough patch in their life. I help children discover healthy perceptions of themselves and strengthen their relationship skills so that they can view themselves as complete and whole.
(720) 463-2641 View (720) 463-2641
Photo of Luke Van Kirk, Licensed Social Worker in Castle Rock, CO
Luke Van Kirk
Licensed Social Worker, LSW
Verified
Castle Rock, CO 80108  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I am looking for clients who acknowledge their struggles and are committed to engaging in therapy. My clients demonstrate a willingness to explore their emotions and thought patterns, while also being open to trying new coping strategies and techniques. My hope is to evoke a desire for improvement in overall well-being and keeping you engaged in the therapeutic process. Goals we strive for include reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety, improving self-esteem, developing healthier coping mechanisms, enhancing communication skills, and building a support network.
I am looking for clients who acknowledge their struggles and are committed to engaging in therapy. My clients demonstrate a willingness to explore their emotions and thought patterns, while also being open to trying new coping strategies and techniques. My hope is to evoke a desire for improvement in overall well-being and keeping you engaged in the therapeutic process. Goals we strive for include reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety, improving self-esteem, developing healthier coping mechanisms, enhancing communication skills, and building a support network.
View
Photo of Jake Winchester, Licensed Professional Counselor in Castle Rock, CO
Jake Winchester
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LAC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80104  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I love working with clients to help them work through their anxiety roadblocks so they can get back to living their lives. Clients with OCD, social phobia, generalized anxiety, and more. Therapy requires some homework, but I promise it'll be worth it!
I love working with clients to help them work through their anxiety roadblocks so they can get back to living their lives. Clients with OCD, social phobia, generalized anxiety, and more. Therapy requires some homework, but I promise it'll be worth it!
(719) 437-7803 View (719) 437-7803
Photo of McKnight Counseling, PLLC, Counselor in Castle Rock, CO
McKnight Counseling, PLLC
Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80104
Life gets hard and sometimes we need help getting through difficult situations. I use an integrated therapy approach to help you better understand your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Making changes in life can be uncomfortable, but nothing changes if nothing changes. I will help you increase your self-awareness, set new goals, and teach you new skills to help you achieve the changes you desire.
Life gets hard and sometimes we need help getting through difficult situations. I use an integrated therapy approach to help you better understand your thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Making changes in life can be uncomfortable, but nothing changes if nothing changes. I will help you increase your self-awareness, set new goals, and teach you new skills to help you achieve the changes you desire.
(720) 740-0612 View (720) 740-0612
Photo of Heather Uncapher, Psychologist in Castle Rock, CO
Heather Uncapher
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Castle Rock, CO 80104  (Online Only)
Hi! I'm glad you’re here! Are you stuck? Do your beliefs hold you back? Do you have some bad habits you wish to change? Are these keeping you from living your best life? I can help. I provide wellness coaching with a focus on defeating limiting beliefs and changing bad habits to help you achieve your optimum life.
Hi! I'm glad you’re here! Are you stuck? Do your beliefs hold you back? Do you have some bad habits you wish to change? Are these keeping you from living your best life? I can help. I provide wellness coaching with a focus on defeating limiting beliefs and changing bad habits to help you achieve your optimum life.
(720) 637-2638 View (720) 637-2638
Photo of Deanna Foster, Psychologist in Castle Rock, CO
Deanna Foster
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Castle Rock, CO 80104
Life can be tough or overwhelming at times. It is only natural to shut down, become numb or lash out at others. You can regain the vitality and joy. Find the courage it takes to work it through. Together we can create a safe environment to explore, uncover and rebuild your authentic self. Pain is inevitable. Attempting to avoid pain creates suffering. Facing it builds courage, strength and resilience. Choose your life!
Life can be tough or overwhelming at times. It is only natural to shut down, become numb or lash out at others. You can regain the vitality and joy. Find the courage it takes to work it through. Together we can create a safe environment to explore, uncover and rebuild your authentic self. Pain is inevitable. Attempting to avoid pain creates suffering. Facing it builds courage, strength and resilience. Choose your life!
(720) 650-0402 View (720) 650-0402
Photo of Carrie Hansen, Licensed Professional Counselor in Castle Rock, CO
Carrie Hansen
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
Castle Rock, CO 80104
Not accepting new clients
Hopelessness, anxiety, rage, confusion, shame, loss and depression are an overwhelming place to be. Experiencing those things can make us feel isolated and alone. We were not made to go through the hardest parts of life on our own. That’s where I come in. If you will allow me to walk alongside you we can find a place of healing and joy together.
Hopelessness, anxiety, rage, confusion, shame, loss and depression are an overwhelming place to be. Experiencing those things can make us feel isolated and alone. We were not made to go through the hardest parts of life on our own. That’s where I come in. If you will allow me to walk alongside you we can find a place of healing and joy together.
(720) 743-5355 View (720) 743-5355
Photo of Joan Q Palan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Castle Rock, CO
Joan Q Palan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LMFT, CACIII
Verified
1 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80104  (Online Only)
I believe that every individual, couple and family has its own unique strengths that are sometimes hard to remember when feeling overwhelmed and alone. I understand what a big step it can be to decide on a therapist, therefore, I offer an initial 30 minute session at no charge as an opportunity for us to decide if we are a good fit or to provide you with additional resources to access. I enjoy working with families, couples and adolescents and use a strengths-based approach in my practice. I'm really looking forward to working within the Conifer community
I believe that every individual, couple and family has its own unique strengths that are sometimes hard to remember when feeling overwhelmed and alone. I understand what a big step it can be to decide on a therapist, therefore, I offer an initial 30 minute session at no charge as an opportunity for us to decide if we are a good fit or to provide you with additional resources to access. I enjoy working with families, couples and adolescents and use a strengths-based approach in my practice. I'm really looking forward to working within the Conifer community
(720) 288-0927 View (720) 288-0927
Photo of Rock Creek Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in Castle Rock, CO
Rock Creek Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80108
As an LPC, I enjoy working with many different types of clients. As a licensed school counselor as well as having my LPC, I have extensive experience working with students of all ages, families, staff and parents. I thrive on creating a therapeutic environment focusing on listening and understanding to help you be the best version of yourself. I like to use several therapeutic modalities when we meet, including CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), DBT (Dialectical Behavior Therapy), Family Systems Therapy, Grief Therapy, and TF-CBT (Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy). I am person-centered and narrative in my approach.
As an LPC, I enjoy working with many different types of clients. As a licensed school counselor as well as having my LPC, I have extensive experience working with students of all ages, families, staff and parents. I thrive on creating a therapeutic environment focusing on listening and understanding to help you be the best version of yourself. I like to use several therapeutic modalities when we meet, including CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy), DBT (Dialectical Behavior Therapy), Family Systems Therapy, Grief Therapy, and TF-CBT (Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy). I am person-centered and narrative in my approach.
(720) 740-8667 View (720) 740-8667
Photo of Sara Waters, Licensed Professional Counselor in Castle Rock, CO
Sara Waters
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80104
If you are able to recognize that there is a struggle that you cannot cope with alone, we should talk. You don't have to handle or "fix" it by yourself. Getting help shows strength, not weakness. You don't even have to know exactly what is wrong. Every human is unique, therefore we will work together on a specialized plan to discover how to get your needs met, help you feel better, and how to function in a more efficient, effective, and fulfilling way. Have hope, happiness is available. You just gotta be willing to work for it.
If you are able to recognize that there is a struggle that you cannot cope with alone, we should talk. You don't have to handle or "fix" it by yourself. Getting help shows strength, not weakness. You don't even have to know exactly what is wrong. Every human is unique, therefore we will work together on a specialized plan to discover how to get your needs met, help you feel better, and how to function in a more efficient, effective, and fulfilling way. Have hope, happiness is available. You just gotta be willing to work for it.
(303) 625-7597 View (303) 625-7597
Photo of Kate Rodarte, Licensed Professional Counselor Candidate in Castle Rock, CO
Kate Rodarte
Licensed Professional Counselor Candidate, MA, LPCC, NCC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80104
Do you find yourself questioning whether your life will ever feel whole again? We all experience life with challenges that are unique and personal to us. These experiences shape each thought, behavior, and interaction we have and how we view the world around us. When you choose to begin your healing journey, you are choosing to put yourself first while working towards growth and change. Together, you and I will work to find relief from your symptoms and effective coping strategies so you can rediscover what whole feels like! I work to facilitate a warm and welcoming space for you to feel safe and at ease during therapy.
Do you find yourself questioning whether your life will ever feel whole again? We all experience life with challenges that are unique and personal to us. These experiences shape each thought, behavior, and interaction we have and how we view the world around us. When you choose to begin your healing journey, you are choosing to put yourself first while working towards growth and change. Together, you and I will work to find relief from your symptoms and effective coping strategies so you can rediscover what whole feels like! I work to facilitate a warm and welcoming space for you to feel safe and at ease during therapy.
(720) 637-5140 View (720) 637-5140
Photo of Adrienne Doubrava, Psychologist in Castle Rock, CO
Adrienne Doubrava
Psychologist, PsyD , LPC
Verified
Castle Rock, CO 80104
I believe that every individual deserves access to receive quality and comprehensive assessments that are provided in a caring and compassionate way. I am passionate about working with individuals who are in need of diagnostic identification or clarification. An accurate diagnosis leads to appropriate recommendations, which results in better overall outcomes.
I believe that every individual deserves access to receive quality and comprehensive assessments that are provided in a caring and compassionate way. I am passionate about working with individuals who are in need of diagnostic identification or clarification. An accurate diagnosis leads to appropriate recommendations, which results in better overall outcomes.
(720) 928-9351 View (720) 928-9351
Photo of Kendra Liedtke, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Castle Rock, CO
Kendra Liedtke
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80104
Feeling stuck? Overwhelmed with difficult emotions, rumination or impulsive behaviors? Finding yourself engaging in the same ineffective patterns? Having difficulty healing from the past or managing a current traumatic event, loss or life adjustment? I am a strengths-based, certified EMDR therapist with over 20 years counseling experience with adults, intensive training in DBT, and influenced by IFS therapy. My style is warm, engaging, non-judgmental and down to earth. I believe that you are the expert on your life, and starting where you are, we will work together to help facilitate acceptance, healing and growth.
Feeling stuck? Overwhelmed with difficult emotions, rumination or impulsive behaviors? Finding yourself engaging in the same ineffective patterns? Having difficulty healing from the past or managing a current traumatic event, loss or life adjustment? I am a strengths-based, certified EMDR therapist with over 20 years counseling experience with adults, intensive training in DBT, and influenced by IFS therapy. My style is warm, engaging, non-judgmental and down to earth. I believe that you are the expert on your life, and starting where you are, we will work together to help facilitate acceptance, healing and growth.
(720) 961-2995 View (720) 961-2995
Photo of New Paradigm Counseling in Castle Rock, CO
New Paradigm Counseling
MA, MS, LPC, LAC
Verified
Castle Rock, CO 80108
New Paradigm takes a holistic approach to DUI Services with our clients. We start with knowing a few fundamental qualities about every person that walks through our doors. Foremost, we respect you because we know everybody makes mistakes. You make the best choice at any given moment based on your knowledge and experiences. You have created your life through the daily choices you make so you have everything you need to create your life in any way you would like. Our job is to provide you with new information and experiences. Now you can make the choices that lead to the life you want. We strive to do this with the highest integrity in the business. The answer to the second most asked question at New Paradigm is, What is a paradigm? Paradigm is another word for model, pattern, standard, archetype, etc. We chose paradigm to convey, “we do it differently.” As a bonus, successful clients come out with new methods/paradigms, for handling their old habits that led to their DUI/DWAI.
New Paradigm takes a holistic approach to DUI Services with our clients. We start with knowing a few fundamental qualities about every person that walks through our doors. Foremost, we respect you because we know everybody makes mistakes. You make the best choice at any given moment based on your knowledge and experiences. You have created your life through the daily choices you make so you have everything you need to create your life in any way you would like. Our job is to provide you with new information and experiences. Now you can make the choices that lead to the life you want. We strive to do this with the highest integrity in the business. The answer to the second most asked question at New Paradigm is, What is a paradigm? Paradigm is another word for model, pattern, standard, archetype, etc. We chose paradigm to convey, “we do it differently.” As a bonus, successful clients come out with new methods/paradigms, for handling their old habits that led to their DUI/DWAI.
(720) 903-3066 View (720) 903-3066
Photo of Melanie M Bailey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Castle Rock, CO
Melanie M Bailey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80104
Not accepting new clients
If you and/or your family need professional help with any of the following: trauma recovery, PTSD, substance abuse, chronic illness/medical trauma, grief, relationships or difficult life changes, I have the compassion and training to help. One of the most effective treatments for trauma, depression, anxiety and work performance fears is EMDR Therapy in which I am trained and have used extensively. I use many other types of therapy and enjoy seeing clients find hope in their lives. I work with individuals 18 and over, older adults and families.
If you and/or your family need professional help with any of the following: trauma recovery, PTSD, substance abuse, chronic illness/medical trauma, grief, relationships or difficult life changes, I have the compassion and training to help. One of the most effective treatments for trauma, depression, anxiety and work performance fears is EMDR Therapy in which I am trained and have used extensively. I use many other types of therapy and enjoy seeing clients find hope in their lives. I work with individuals 18 and over, older adults and families.
(405) 317-6379 View (405) 317-6379
Photo of enCourage Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in Castle Rock, CO
enCourage Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC, CATP, ACS
Verified
1 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80104
Trauma can make you feel as if it isn’t possible to thrive in relationships or daily living. Whether you have experienced a specific traumatic event or carry the weight of complex trauma from your past, you CAN find healing through powerful therapy. I offer a trauma-informed experience so that you can feel safe and comfortable from the first moments of our work together. I offer in-office and online EMDR and in-office Microcurrent Neurofeedback to support your healing in effective and caring ways. Therapy is a powerful way to connect with yourself and discover ways to find hope, peace and empowerment. You are not alone.
Trauma can make you feel as if it isn’t possible to thrive in relationships or daily living. Whether you have experienced a specific traumatic event or carry the weight of complex trauma from your past, you CAN find healing through powerful therapy. I offer a trauma-informed experience so that you can feel safe and comfortable from the first moments of our work together. I offer in-office and online EMDR and in-office Microcurrent Neurofeedback to support your healing in effective and caring ways. Therapy is a powerful way to connect with yourself and discover ways to find hope, peace and empowerment. You are not alone.
(720) 893-9166 View (720) 893-9166
Photo of Barbara Ramirez, Counselor in Castle Rock, CO
Barbara Ramirez
Counselor, MA, LMHC, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Castle Rock, CO 80108  (Online Only)
Deciding to seek therapy can be a hard step to take because it means facing your problems rather than running away from them. When we experience uncomfortable emotions, our instinct a lot of the time is to avoid it and convince ourselves (as well as others) that we’re okay. This is one way we end up in vicious cycles of depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. My passion is to assist individuals with breaking this cycle by gaining new perspectives on their situations and life in general. Your current situation is NOT your permanent destination.
Deciding to seek therapy can be a hard step to take because it means facing your problems rather than running away from them. When we experience uncomfortable emotions, our instinct a lot of the time is to avoid it and convince ourselves (as well as others) that we’re okay. This is one way we end up in vicious cycles of depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. My passion is to assist individuals with breaking this cycle by gaining new perspectives on their situations and life in general. Your current situation is NOT your permanent destination.
(321) 221-5266 View (321) 221-5266

See more therapy options for Castle Rock

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Castle Rock, CO

200+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in Castle Rock, CO who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
88% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
75% Trauma and PTSD
75% Self Esteem
70% Coping Skills
68% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

63% Aetna
61% Cigna and Evernorth
60% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Castle Rock, CO see their clients

72% In Person and Online
28% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
15% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Castle Rock?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.