Therapists in East Boulder, Boulder, CO

Photo of Brianna Roggow, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Brianna Roggow
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301  (Online Only)
Childhood, teen years and young adult years are full of confusion, exploration and growth. Rather it be struggling with friendships, managing emotions, depression or anxiety symptoms or something unknown these things add extra stressors in this journey, sometimes challenging certain aspects or everything at once. This is where therapy can play a supportive role in exploring these challenges and discovering together what can be most supportive to help you or your child reach their goals and true potential.
Childhood, teen years and young adult years are full of confusion, exploration and growth. Rather it be struggling with friendships, managing emotions, depression or anxiety symptoms or something unknown these things add extra stressors in this journey, sometimes challenging certain aspects or everything at once. This is where therapy can play a supportive role in exploring these challenges and discovering together what can be most supportive to help you or your child reach their goals and true potential.
(720) 806-6242 View (720) 806-6242
Photo of Nick Serro With Connected Roots, Licensed Social Worker in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Nick Serro With Connected Roots
Licensed Social Worker, LSW
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
If you struggle with mastering your circumstances, they may end up mastering you. This is a reality we all face, but the time and effort required to do so can be overwhelming. My experience is centered around neurodivergent populations who struggle with emotions and executive functioning. I view each client with holistic, person-centered views of a unique and complex individual rather than just a diagnosis. As an abstract thinker, I specialize in helping you tie the pieces together in a new, autonomous and empowering way. I strive to be genuine and collaborative in sessions-- come talk to me about anything, I would love to listen!
If you struggle with mastering your circumstances, they may end up mastering you. This is a reality we all face, but the time and effort required to do so can be overwhelming. My experience is centered around neurodivergent populations who struggle with emotions and executive functioning. I view each client with holistic, person-centered views of a unique and complex individual rather than just a diagnosis. As an abstract thinker, I specialize in helping you tie the pieces together in a new, autonomous and empowering way. I strive to be genuine and collaborative in sessions-- come talk to me about anything, I would love to listen!
(720) 619-3964 View (720) 619-3964
Photo of René White, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
René White
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, CAClll
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
I am a Licensed Psychotherapist specializing in Individual and Couples Therapies. I maintain a private practice in Boulder, Colorado and am a graduate of Naropa University. With over 21yrs of experience the therapeutic approach I use is to provide support and practical feedback to help clients effectively address personal life challenges. As needed, I integrate complementary methodologies and techniques to offer a highly personalized approach tailored to each client. With compassion and understanding, I work with each individual to help them build on their strengths and attain the personal growth they are committed to accomplishing.
I am a Licensed Psychotherapist specializing in Individual and Couples Therapies. I maintain a private practice in Boulder, Colorado and am a graduate of Naropa University. With over 21yrs of experience the therapeutic approach I use is to provide support and practical feedback to help clients effectively address personal life challenges. As needed, I integrate complementary methodologies and techniques to offer a highly personalized approach tailored to each client. With compassion and understanding, I work with each individual to help them build on their strengths and attain the personal growth they are committed to accomplishing.
(720) 513-2643 View (720) 513-2643
Photo of Kelly Sue Cross, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Kelly Sue Cross
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
Over my 15 year career, I've worked to Support, Witness and Inspire people of varying ages, beliefs, orientations and circumstances. I believe not one of them was broken. Each deserved to be met, at exactly where they were, as an opening for what to move toward. We all feel pain; we are challenged differently and yet none of us does well when we hurt silently and alone. I am passionate about working with others to navigate uncertain times.
Over my 15 year career, I've worked to Support, Witness and Inspire people of varying ages, beliefs, orientations and circumstances. I believe not one of them was broken. Each deserved to be met, at exactly where they were, as an opening for what to move toward. We all feel pain; we are challenged differently and yet none of us does well when we hurt silently and alone. I am passionate about working with others to navigate uncertain times.
(720) 613-5013 View (720) 613-5013
Photo of Marcy M Mullet, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Marcy M Mullet
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
I have worked with individuals from all walks of life. I know that this world is unkind and challenging in so many ways. I am ready to work with whatever you bring and find a way to navigate through the toughest challenges you have experienced. Healing is possible. An authentic life is possible. I know this intimately and want those I work with to discover that it is.
I have worked with individuals from all walks of life. I know that this world is unkind and challenging in so many ways. I am ready to work with whatever you bring and find a way to navigate through the toughest challenges you have experienced. Healing is possible. An authentic life is possible. I know this intimately and want those I work with to discover that it is.
(720) 897-1404 View (720) 897-1404
Photo of Taylor Spaziani With Connected Roots, Marriage and Family Therapist Candidate in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Taylor Spaziani With Connected Roots
Marriage and Family Therapist Candidate, MA, LPCC, MFTC
Verified
4 Endorsed
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301  (Online Only)
My intention is to create a powerful therapeutic relationship between myself and my clients. I know and have witnessed that struggling with sexuality issues can often lead to feelings of shame or embarrassment. I see our sexualities as one of the most diverse and unique parts of ourselves. I believe that difference does not equal disorder, and being "normal" is often not the goal. I am poly/open and kink knowledgeable and have experience in working with non-traditional relationship dynamics, LGBTQIA2+ issues, individuals and couples & families relationship issues.
My intention is to create a powerful therapeutic relationship between myself and my clients. I know and have witnessed that struggling with sexuality issues can often lead to feelings of shame or embarrassment. I see our sexualities as one of the most diverse and unique parts of ourselves. I believe that difference does not equal disorder, and being "normal" is often not the goal. I am poly/open and kink knowledgeable and have experience in working with non-traditional relationship dynamics, LGBTQIA2+ issues, individuals and couples & families relationship issues.
(720) 580-6837 View (720) 580-6837
Photo of Tom Devine, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Tom Devine
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, A-CBT
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
I offer in-person counseling sessions from a convenient Central Boulder location and Telehealth sessions as well. I provide individual and couples therapy for adults and adolescents who are experiencing depression, anxiety, trauma/ptsd, relationship problems, work or school stress and other problems. Call for a free 15-minute consultation if you are seeking support and looking to develop effective ways to cope with life's challenges.
I offer in-person counseling sessions from a convenient Central Boulder location and Telehealth sessions as well. I provide individual and couples therapy for adults and adolescents who are experiencing depression, anxiety, trauma/ptsd, relationship problems, work or school stress and other problems. Call for a free 15-minute consultation if you are seeking support and looking to develop effective ways to cope with life's challenges.
(720) 740-5411 View (720) 740-5411
Photo of Shara Brun, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Shara Brun
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC
Verified
5 Endorsed
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
When following your Heart feels impossible, depth psychotherapy provides a safe container for re-finding center. With skilled and sensitive guidance, you can explore unconscious patterning and discover your way through. What is pulling at your heart and soul under the guise of anxiety and even depression? These sessions, and the conscious connections made within them, can provide clarity and relief as emotional energy bound up in inner conflict releases. This energy is then available to be channeled toward living a vital and deeply fulfilling life.
When following your Heart feels impossible, depth psychotherapy provides a safe container for re-finding center. With skilled and sensitive guidance, you can explore unconscious patterning and discover your way through. What is pulling at your heart and soul under the guise of anxiety and even depression? These sessions, and the conscious connections made within them, can provide clarity and relief as emotional energy bound up in inner conflict releases. This energy is then available to be channeled toward living a vital and deeply fulfilling life.
(720) 263-4595 View (720) 263-4595
Photo of Maya Rachel Golan, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Maya Rachel Golan
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
Challenges are essential to growth. We all face challenges. The various challenges, crises, traumas we all inevitably encounter can create anxiety, depression, and disconnection. Unfortunately, labels and diagnoses can stop you from seeing that you are okay. As you are. Your felt experiences of hurt, when processed deeply, actually lead to self-discovery. Seeking help doesn’t mean that anything is necessarily wrong. In fact, expertise can guide you through these moments safely. Through somatic healing therapy, individuals and couples will find inner strength to start anew.
Challenges are essential to growth. We all face challenges. The various challenges, crises, traumas we all inevitably encounter can create anxiety, depression, and disconnection. Unfortunately, labels and diagnoses can stop you from seeing that you are okay. As you are. Your felt experiences of hurt, when processed deeply, actually lead to self-discovery. Seeking help doesn’t mean that anything is necessarily wrong. In fact, expertise can guide you through these moments safely. Through somatic healing therapy, individuals and couples will find inner strength to start anew.
(720) 897-0771 View (720) 897-0771
Photo of Susan Butler, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Susan Butler
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
When our lives become challenging, having an objective and caring 'other' to talk with can alleviate or decrease symptoms. Depression and anxiety are so common in our society and culture. Trauma is something people are experiencing more and more. I would love to connect with you and assist you in/on your journey. I offer just simple, psycho dynamic, mindfulness therapy that supports your examination into your past and present.
When our lives become challenging, having an objective and caring 'other' to talk with can alleviate or decrease symptoms. Depression and anxiety are so common in our society and culture. Trauma is something people are experiencing more and more. I would love to connect with you and assist you in/on your journey. I offer just simple, psycho dynamic, mindfulness therapy that supports your examination into your past and present.
(720) 640-9084 View (720) 640-9084
Photo of Lucy Mull, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Lucy Mull
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LAC
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
Waitlist for new clients
Do you have unresolved wounds from childhood, relationships, from the general trauma that life inflicts? I believe everyone has a core self that contains the innate wisdom to heal, grow, and to be liberated through self compassion. I also believe this part of ourselves gets blocked -- physically, emotionally, mentally, spiritually -- and silenced through various wounds like trauma, belief systems, and the negative messages we receive from others and society. If you seek healing and a newfound sense of inner freedom and self-acceptance, I can help you.
Do you have unresolved wounds from childhood, relationships, from the general trauma that life inflicts? I believe everyone has a core self that contains the innate wisdom to heal, grow, and to be liberated through self compassion. I also believe this part of ourselves gets blocked -- physically, emotionally, mentally, spiritually -- and silenced through various wounds like trauma, belief systems, and the negative messages we receive from others and society. If you seek healing and a newfound sense of inner freedom and self-acceptance, I can help you.
(720) 649-4031 View (720) 649-4031
Photo of Lindsey Brown, Psychologist in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Lindsey Brown
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301  (Online Only)
I am a licensed psychologist with over 15 years of experience providing therapy. Many people I work with come to therapy because they've experienced an overwhelming life event that is impacting them negatively, they feel stuck in patterns of thinking, feeling, or relating to others that are not serving them well, or they are struggling to adjust to a new life circumstance. Therapy is an opportunity to grow into a different kind of relationship with yourself and others, develop new understanding about past and present experiences, and practice more effective approaches to problems in your life.
I am a licensed psychologist with over 15 years of experience providing therapy. Many people I work with come to therapy because they've experienced an overwhelming life event that is impacting them negatively, they feel stuck in patterns of thinking, feeling, or relating to others that are not serving them well, or they are struggling to adjust to a new life circumstance. Therapy is an opportunity to grow into a different kind of relationship with yourself and others, develop new understanding about past and present experiences, and practice more effective approaches to problems in your life.
(720) 712-2336 View (720) 712-2336
Photo of Terri Kirwan, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Terri Kirwan
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, CACII
Verified
1 Endorsed
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
I have had the privilege of helping residents of Boulder and Denver lead happier and healthier lives for 25 years. With 25 years of diverse training and experience, I am able to take a comprehensive, solution-focused approach to therapy. I have advanced training in Depression, Anxiety, Addiction, Trauma & Relational Issues. I address the complexity of biochemical, emotional, relational, and behavioral factors that may be involved to help you see results faster. I also provide group support to improve mood and relationships, lower stress and resolve trauma.
I have had the privilege of helping residents of Boulder and Denver lead happier and healthier lives for 25 years. With 25 years of diverse training and experience, I am able to take a comprehensive, solution-focused approach to therapy. I have advanced training in Depression, Anxiety, Addiction, Trauma & Relational Issues. I address the complexity of biochemical, emotional, relational, and behavioral factors that may be involved to help you see results faster. I also provide group support to improve mood and relationships, lower stress and resolve trauma.
(720) 966-1028 View (720) 966-1028
Photo of Lindsay Quella Kara Lam, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Lindsay Quella Kara Lam
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, RYT-200
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301  (Online Only)
Hi and welcome! Thank you for finding me! I offer personal coaching sessions focused on helping you thrive! I work with creatives, entrepreneurs, tired perfectionists, overachievers and go-getters. My coaching practice is all about helping you cultivate strength, creativity and resilience as you pursue your dreams. I share about this in more detail on my website lindsayquellakara.net/ I invite you to check it out to see if it speaks to you!
Hi and welcome! Thank you for finding me! I offer personal coaching sessions focused on helping you thrive! I work with creatives, entrepreneurs, tired perfectionists, overachievers and go-getters. My coaching practice is all about helping you cultivate strength, creativity and resilience as you pursue your dreams. I share about this in more detail on my website lindsayquellakara.net/ I invite you to check it out to see if it speaks to you!
(720) 340-2357 View (720) 340-2357
Photo of Kevin Udis, Psychologist in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Kevin Udis
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
Human development is a life long process. Feel free to contact me if you are feeling that you, your spouse or children are overwhelmed with the task of adapting to life's challenges. Anxiety, worry, or depression are important symptoms to treat. However, they may also tell one that certain problems require a different approach. My consultations, evaluations and therapeutic services are fully confidential.
Human development is a life long process. Feel free to contact me if you are feeling that you, your spouse or children are overwhelmed with the task of adapting to life's challenges. Anxiety, worry, or depression are important symptoms to treat. However, they may also tell one that certain problems require a different approach. My consultations, evaluations and therapeutic services are fully confidential.
(303) 900-7004 View (303) 900-7004
Photo of Claudia Hartke, Psychologist in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Claudia Hartke
Psychologist, PhD, SEP
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
Are you stressed out and overwhelmed? Does it feel like no matter how hard you try, your relationships aren't satisfying? Are you struggling to adjust after a major life change? I am here to help. I am passionate about guiding you in developing long-lasting solutions to live the life you’ve always wanted.
Are you stressed out and overwhelmed? Does it feel like no matter how hard you try, your relationships aren't satisfying? Are you struggling to adjust after a major life change? I am here to help. I am passionate about guiding you in developing long-lasting solutions to live the life you’ve always wanted.
(720) 806-9007 View (720) 806-9007
Photo of Caitlin Goddard, Licensed Professional Counselor in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Caitlin Goddard
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
6 Endorsed
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
Waitlist for new clients
As your therapist, I'm confident you'll be able to find that therapy can feel both safe and approachable despite its inherent challenges, that it can bring about relief while providing opportunities for growth. I offer an inherently empathic, person-centered approach and utilize humanistic theory to inform my understanding of my client's. Post-traumatic stress, ongoing anxiety, low self-esteem, navigating disordered eating patterns, and issues in understanding our identity can overwhelm us - and I'm passionate about working with those grappling with one or more of these concerns.
As your therapist, I'm confident you'll be able to find that therapy can feel both safe and approachable despite its inherent challenges, that it can bring about relief while providing opportunities for growth. I offer an inherently empathic, person-centered approach and utilize humanistic theory to inform my understanding of my client's. Post-traumatic stress, ongoing anxiety, low self-esteem, navigating disordered eating patterns, and issues in understanding our identity can overwhelm us - and I'm passionate about working with those grappling with one or more of these concerns.
(970) 507-8385 View (970) 507-8385
Photo of Robin Rose Temple, Registered Psychotherapist in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Robin Rose Temple
Registered Psychotherapist, MA, MSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
Waitlist for new clients
Your relationship needs to change. But you’re at a loss for how to actually make that happen. Between balancing work, life, and parenting, there’s barely any time for healthy communication, much less nourishing time together. In order to keep the peace, you give up on some of your important needs. And then, distance sets in. If this is your experience right now, you are not alone! We all need support to navigate the challenges couples are dealing with today. There’s more stress and higher expectations than ever on our relationships. Yet there are simple, powerful practices that build intimacy and connection in a hurry (and that are
Your relationship needs to change. But you’re at a loss for how to actually make that happen. Between balancing work, life, and parenting, there’s barely any time for healthy communication, much less nourishing time together. In order to keep the peace, you give up on some of your important needs. And then, distance sets in. If this is your experience right now, you are not alone! We all need support to navigate the challenges couples are dealing with today. There’s more stress and higher expectations than ever on our relationships. Yet there are simple, powerful practices that build intimacy and connection in a hurry (and that are
(720) 897-5187 View (720) 897-5187
Photo of Catherine M Houston, LPC, Counselor in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Catherine M Houston, LPC
Counselor, LPC
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
If you're feeling at the end of your rope in your relationship with your partner, child, work, or some aspect of yourself, you may be ready to make a change. While feeling gripped by pain, fear, despair, uncertainty, doubt, and even shame feels like anything but a blessing, 5 years from now, you may look back and identify this moment as the one that positively altered the course of your life forever.
If you're feeling at the end of your rope in your relationship with your partner, child, work, or some aspect of yourself, you may be ready to make a change. While feeling gripped by pain, fear, despair, uncertainty, doubt, and even shame feels like anything but a blessing, 5 years from now, you may look back and identify this moment as the one that positively altered the course of your life forever.
(720) 408-2487 View (720) 408-2487
Photo of Tasha Medley, MA, MEd, LPC, Counselor in East Boulder, Boulder, CO
Tasha Medley, MA, MEd, LPC
Counselor, MA, MEd, LPC
Verified
East Boulder, Boulder, CO 80301
If you have come to this site. . . remember to breathe. . . in a way that you know you are breathing. . . I remind myself of this on a regular basis. . . There is more to you than you might think. . . Therapy is an invitation to re-discover a compassionate, curious, and wise energy that was always within you, but blocked by well-intentioned and sometimes extreme parts of you. I believe you deserve some sense of how I work. I also believe a good therapist continues to do their own work. . . which is why I meditate and meet regularly with trusted colleagues and we literally take turns being therapist and client with each other.
If you have come to this site. . . remember to breathe. . . in a way that you know you are breathing. . . I remind myself of this on a regular basis. . . There is more to you than you might think. . . Therapy is an invitation to re-discover a compassionate, curious, and wise energy that was always within you, but blocked by well-intentioned and sometimes extreme parts of you. I believe you deserve some sense of how I work. I also believe a good therapist continues to do their own work. . . which is why I meditate and meet regularly with trusted colleagues and we literally take turns being therapist and client with each other.
(720) 663-9910 View (720) 663-9910

See more therapy options for East Boulder, Boulder

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in East Boulder, Boulder, CO

100+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in East Boulder, Boulder, CO who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
86% Depression
83% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
76% Trauma and PTSD
73% Grief
68% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% Aetna
63% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
60% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in East Boulder, Boulder, CO see their clients

78% In Person and Online
22% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
20% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in East Boulder, Boulder?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.