Therapists in California

View cities and counties in California
Photo of Affordable Therapy Los Angeles, Marriage & Family Therapist in California
Affordable Therapy Los Angeles
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Thousand Oaks, CA 91362  (Online Only)
We offer Telehealth in California on a sliding fee scale as low as $30 a session. We work with individuals, couples, children, and families. We will help you learn better communication skills for your relationships as will as help relieve any symptoms of anxiety and depression. Our therapy/counseling is confidential and you will meet your therapist online in the privacy of your own space. Visit our website at Affordabletherapyla.com and call us at 818-907-7974 Your phone call will be returned in 24 hours. No wait list and no insurance is required. We are here to help.
We offer Telehealth in California on a sliding fee scale as low as $30 a session. We work with individuals, couples, children, and families. We will help you learn better communication skills for your relationships as will as help relieve any symptoms of anxiety and depression. Our therapy/counseling is confidential and you will meet your therapist online in the privacy of your own space. Visit our website at Affordabletherapyla.com and call us at 818-907-7974 Your phone call will be returned in 24 hours. No wait list and no insurance is required. We are here to help.
(213) 465-3669 View (213) 465-3669
Photo of Nicole Logan, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in California
Nicole Logan
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95125
I utilize a client centered approach in working with adolescents and adults who struggle with anxiety, depression, grief, relationship issues, and life transitions. In a safe, supportive, and non judgemental space we can explore the negative patterns in your life, work through any barriers, and move towards healing, growth, and change.
I utilize a client centered approach in working with adolescents and adults who struggle with anxiety, depression, grief, relationship issues, and life transitions. In a safe, supportive, and non judgemental space we can explore the negative patterns in your life, work through any barriers, and move towards healing, growth, and change.
(408) 351-8468 View (408) 351-8468
Photo of Kristin Bachman, Psychologist in California
Kristin Bachman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
Dr. Kristin Bachman believes in individualized, client focused care that is designed to fit your life. Kristin has over 10 years of experience and is passionate about providing counseling that encourages her clients to live their best lives yet. Kristin has a PhD in Clinical Psychology who specializes in treating children, adolescents and adults who struggle with grief & loss, anxiety, life transitions including parental divorce and general mental health and wellness. Additionally, Kristin provides both care and psychological testing for ADHD, Learning Disabilities, Autism Spectrum Disorders and other psychological disorders.
Dr. Kristin Bachman believes in individualized, client focused care that is designed to fit your life. Kristin has over 10 years of experience and is passionate about providing counseling that encourages her clients to live their best lives yet. Kristin has a PhD in Clinical Psychology who specializes in treating children, adolescents and adults who struggle with grief & loss, anxiety, life transitions including parental divorce and general mental health and wellness. Additionally, Kristin provides both care and psychological testing for ADHD, Learning Disabilities, Autism Spectrum Disorders and other psychological disorders.
(858) 281-4586 View (858) 281-4586
Photo of Amanda Harmon, Counselor in California
Amanda Harmon
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93033
Hi, my name is Amanda Harmon, and I am a Licenses Professional Clinical Counselor. I approach therapy through a trauma informed lens, simply put "What has happened and how is it affecting you now?" I am trained in EMDR and Cognitive Processing therapy, two research based interventions which target symptoms of PTSD and trauma. In addition, I practice using DBT and CBT to assist individuals struggling with depression and anxiety, who are looking for new skills or coping strategies to help them manage life.
Hi, my name is Amanda Harmon, and I am a Licenses Professional Clinical Counselor. I approach therapy through a trauma informed lens, simply put "What has happened and how is it affecting you now?" I am trained in EMDR and Cognitive Processing therapy, two research based interventions which target symptoms of PTSD and trauma. In addition, I practice using DBT and CBT to assist individuals struggling with depression and anxiety, who are looking for new skills or coping strategies to help them manage life.
(805) 360-5337 View (805) 360-5337
Photo of Yvonne Guertin, Marriage & Family Therapist in California
Yvonne Guertin
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, RMBP, SEP
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94109
Coming from a holistic, mind-body, humanistic, compassionate perspective, I work with clients who desire to improve the quality of their lives, reducing stress and emotional pain. Clients may suffer from loneliness, depression, low self-esteem, anxiety or loss. They may need help with communication awareness, grounding methods, self-care, sexual fulfillment or life purpose. These conditions are more normal than abnormal, while sometimes feeling overwhelming. I invite clients to listen to and trust their innate wisdom, guiding them to identify and move through the obstacles preventing them from living their life to the fullest.
Coming from a holistic, mind-body, humanistic, compassionate perspective, I work with clients who desire to improve the quality of their lives, reducing stress and emotional pain. Clients may suffer from loneliness, depression, low self-esteem, anxiety or loss. They may need help with communication awareness, grounding methods, self-care, sexual fulfillment or life purpose. These conditions are more normal than abnormal, while sometimes feeling overwhelming. I invite clients to listen to and trust their innate wisdom, guiding them to identify and move through the obstacles preventing them from living their life to the fullest.
(415) 800-4671 View (415) 800-4671
Photo of Ruth Brosius, Marriage & Family Therapist in California
Ruth Brosius
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Mateo, CA 94402
My approach to therapy focuses on creating a safe, authentic place to explore feelings, patterns and options. I help clients articulate goals for therapy so that together we can create a positive, productive therapeutic relationship. Working in private practice for over 14 years, I've seen individuals experiencing a variety of issues including depression, anxiety, divorce, complex PTSD, grief, body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), eating disorders, self-harming behaviors (cutting), parenting issues, and all types of relationship struggles.
My approach to therapy focuses on creating a safe, authentic place to explore feelings, patterns and options. I help clients articulate goals for therapy so that together we can create a positive, productive therapeutic relationship. Working in private practice for over 14 years, I've seen individuals experiencing a variety of issues including depression, anxiety, divorce, complex PTSD, grief, body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), eating disorders, self-harming behaviors (cutting), parenting issues, and all types of relationship struggles.
(650) 600-3975 View (650) 600-3975
Photo of Blanca Lisbeth Khalifeh, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in California
Blanca Lisbeth Khalifeh
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pasadena, CA 91105  (Online Only)
I want to welcome you and praise you for starting your therapeutic journey! Life is full of changes and seeking out support is a huge step. I would be honored to be a part of your journey. Some of my experience includes working with children, teens, adults, and families dealing with depression, anxiety, and/or trauma. The clients I have had the pleasure of working with have worked towards living a better quality of life. They have learned how to manage their symptoms in a way where they honor what they are feeling without getting stuck in them.
I want to welcome you and praise you for starting your therapeutic journey! Life is full of changes and seeking out support is a huge step. I would be honored to be a part of your journey. Some of my experience includes working with children, teens, adults, and families dealing with depression, anxiety, and/or trauma. The clients I have had the pleasure of working with have worked towards living a better quality of life. They have learned how to manage their symptoms in a way where they honor what they are feeling without getting stuck in them.
(323) 991-8293 View (323) 991-8293
Photo of Jennie Nystrom, Marriage & Family Therapist in California
Jennie Nystrom
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, EMDR
Verified Verified
Irvine, CA 92606
Do you feel depressed or anxious due to childhood trauma? Do you feel disconnected in your relationships with others? I’m here to help you develop an action plan for meaningful changes. My approach to therapy is relational and person-centered. I will work alongside you in a warm and understanding environment where you can explore your emotions and find better ways to deal with the stressors in your life.
Do you feel depressed or anxious due to childhood trauma? Do you feel disconnected in your relationships with others? I’m here to help you develop an action plan for meaningful changes. My approach to therapy is relational and person-centered. I will work alongside you in a warm and understanding environment where you can explore your emotions and find better ways to deal with the stressors in your life.
(949) 506-3058 View (949) 506-3058
Photo of Laura Skaggs, Marriage & Family Therapist in California
Laura Skaggs
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Chico, CA 95926
Has depression, anxiety, trauma or just day-to-day life got in the way of you living your happiest and most fulfilled life? Or maybe work, school, friends or family have become overwhelming? Are you ready to take back some of your power and get on the path to feeling better? Well then welcome! My goal as a therapist is to help you get back to feeling your best self while working through some of the stress and difficulties that life often throws at us. I truly believe everyone has the capability to heal, change, grow and learn - we sometimes just need a little help to get us there.
Has depression, anxiety, trauma or just day-to-day life got in the way of you living your happiest and most fulfilled life? Or maybe work, school, friends or family have become overwhelming? Are you ready to take back some of your power and get on the path to feeling better? Well then welcome! My goal as a therapist is to help you get back to feeling your best self while working through some of the stress and difficulties that life often throws at us. I truly believe everyone has the capability to heal, change, grow and learn - we sometimes just need a little help to get us there.
(530) 789-3114 View (530) 789-3114
Photo of Mary Clark, Marriage & Family Therapist in California
Mary Clark
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, PPS
Verified Verified
Burbank, CA 91506
I am a culturally sensitive therapist who welcomes clients of diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds, sexual orientations, and gender identities. During times of uncertainty, coping tools may need to be bolstered, or you may notice patterns in your ways of responding that you want to address. Patterns give us information about feelings we carry, and needs we attempt to fulfill. By forming a strong alliance with my clients, grounded in a stance of empathy and unconditional positive regard, I work to foster the skills, trust, and esteem for you to bravely overcome challenges, and acknowledge and act upon your most authentic self.
I am a culturally sensitive therapist who welcomes clients of diverse racial/ethnic backgrounds, sexual orientations, and gender identities. During times of uncertainty, coping tools may need to be bolstered, or you may notice patterns in your ways of responding that you want to address. Patterns give us information about feelings we carry, and needs we attempt to fulfill. By forming a strong alliance with my clients, grounded in a stance of empathy and unconditional positive regard, I work to foster the skills, trust, and esteem for you to bravely overcome challenges, and acknowledge and act upon your most authentic self.
(747) 227-7511 View (747) 227-7511
Photo of Nicole Schumacher, Pre-Licensed Professional in California
Nicole Schumacher
Pre-Licensed Professional, APCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Redwood City, CA 94062  (Online Only)
Hi, I'm Nicole. If you’ve found yourself here, maybe you're feeling stuck, lost, or unsure a about who you are and what you want. Perhaps you're searching for clarity, understanding, or another way to hold big feelings. Feeling uncertain in an uncertain world makes so much sense, and I'm here to help you reconnect with the inner strength and wisdom that can help you navigate it. I offer an integrative therapeutic approach that meets you where you're at. My practice is intersectional, trauma-informed, and evidence-based, and centered on you.
Hi, I'm Nicole. If you’ve found yourself here, maybe you're feeling stuck, lost, or unsure a about who you are and what you want. Perhaps you're searching for clarity, understanding, or another way to hold big feelings. Feeling uncertain in an uncertain world makes so much sense, and I'm here to help you reconnect with the inner strength and wisdom that can help you navigate it. I offer an integrative therapeutic approach that meets you where you're at. My practice is intersectional, trauma-informed, and evidence-based, and centered on you.
(650) 206-9125 View (650) 206-9125
Photo of Jen Rivers, Pre-Licensed Professional in California
Jen Rivers
Pre-Licensed Professional, BA, MSW, ASW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90027
Do you feel like you don’t belong anywhere? Maybe you feel like you’re not good enough. Or not queer enough. Maybe you feel like you don’t fit into queer spaces. Perhaps you just don’t fit into the box assigned to you by society and family. Maybe you've been trapped by trauma(s) you experienced, anxiety, and/or depression. Maybe you’re a person that just wants to explore who you are. I‘m here to help support you as you begin to explore who you are as your true, authentic self.
Do you feel like you don’t belong anywhere? Maybe you feel like you’re not good enough. Or not queer enough. Maybe you feel like you don’t fit into queer spaces. Perhaps you just don’t fit into the box assigned to you by society and family. Maybe you've been trapped by trauma(s) you experienced, anxiety, and/or depression. Maybe you’re a person that just wants to explore who you are. I‘m here to help support you as you begin to explore who you are as your true, authentic self.
(323) 379-5969 View (323) 379-5969
Photo of Scott R. Garrels, Psychologist in California
Scott R. Garrels
Psychologist, PhD, PsyD
Verified Verified
Pasadena, CA 91101
As a clinical psychologist with 15 years of practice, I use my training and experience to provide guidance to people struggling with a variety of relational, emotional, and behavioral concerns. Trained in psychodynamic/psychoanalytic psychotherapy, I provide both short-term problem-focused treatment as well as more long-term intensive therapy, depending on your needs.
As a clinical psychologist with 15 years of practice, I use my training and experience to provide guidance to people struggling with a variety of relational, emotional, and behavioral concerns. Trained in psychodynamic/psychoanalytic psychotherapy, I provide both short-term problem-focused treatment as well as more long-term intensive therapy, depending on your needs.
(626) 513-8085 View (626) 513-8085
Photo of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Los Angeles, Psychologist in California
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Los Angeles
Psychologist, PsyD, PhD
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90025
CBT Los Angeles is a nationally-recognized practice specializing in evidence-based cognitive behavioral therapy. All of our therapists are doctoral-level experts in CBT, many having taught and supervised at top graduate clinical psychology programs and clinical training programs around the country. Our expert therapists are deeply experienced in treating a variety of psychological problems. At CBT Los Angeles, we bridge innovation science with state-of-the-art treatment.
CBT Los Angeles is a nationally-recognized practice specializing in evidence-based cognitive behavioral therapy. All of our therapists are doctoral-level experts in CBT, many having taught and supervised at top graduate clinical psychology programs and clinical training programs around the country. Our expert therapists are deeply experienced in treating a variety of psychological problems. At CBT Los Angeles, we bridge innovation science with state-of-the-art treatment.
(424) 317-8205 View (424) 317-8205
Terrence John Kelleman
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MS, LAADC, LICDC
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
My passion for addiction counseling began over 40 years ago with my own personal recovery. My firsthand experience of the process, and learning how live clean and sober has given me the gift of dedication, empathy and a sincere desire to help provide direction and guidance. My goal is people maintaining continuous sobriety during their journey. - my extensive experience working with both adolescents and adults involves helping people of all ages recover from substance abuse and addiction issues I have specialized work with high-risk relapse clients relapse prevention and transitional care as well as intervention and family help.
My passion for addiction counseling began over 40 years ago with my own personal recovery. My firsthand experience of the process, and learning how live clean and sober has given me the gift of dedication, empathy and a sincere desire to help provide direction and guidance. My goal is people maintaining continuous sobriety during their journey. - my extensive experience working with both adolescents and adults involves helping people of all ages recover from substance abuse and addiction issues I have specialized work with high-risk relapse clients relapse prevention and transitional care as well as intervention and family help.
(714) 786-6311 View (714) 786-6311
Photo of Teje Aliberti, Marriage & Family Therapist in California
Teje Aliberti
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Newport Beach, CA 92660
Effective Talk Therapy for Individuals & Couples. Relationships are one of the most important aspects of our lives and yet they can be so problematic, stressful and confusing. Whether you are struggling with a partner, spouse, family member, child, parent or co-worker, it can be helpful to speak with a relationship specialist. Therapy Where You Need it. When You Need It. Dually Licensed and honored to be Serving all California and Hawaii Residents. Easy scheduling and reliable effective support. For quick online scheduling and additional information, please visit: www.TejeCounseling.com
Effective Talk Therapy for Individuals & Couples. Relationships are one of the most important aspects of our lives and yet they can be so problematic, stressful and confusing. Whether you are struggling with a partner, spouse, family member, child, parent or co-worker, it can be helpful to speak with a relationship specialist. Therapy Where You Need it. When You Need It. Dually Licensed and honored to be Serving all California and Hawaii Residents. Easy scheduling and reliable effective support. For quick online scheduling and additional information, please visit: www.TejeCounseling.com
(949) 234-6576 View (949) 234-6576
Photo of Bettina Soestwohner in California
Bettina Soestwohner
PhD, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90019
Are you ready to work at a deeper level? Patients start healing when they are in a position to face themselves. For this, I am available to listen very carefully to what my patients say because experience and training have taught me that it is the patient's words which must lead the way. The focus is on the patient's speech, often on dreams, in order to guide an experience, which wants to restore meaning to the symptoms and thereby allow for healing.
Are you ready to work at a deeper level? Patients start healing when they are in a position to face themselves. For this, I am available to listen very carefully to what my patients say because experience and training have taught me that it is the patient's words which must lead the way. The focus is on the patient's speech, often on dreams, in order to guide an experience, which wants to restore meaning to the symptoms and thereby allow for healing.
(323) 362-6974 View (323) 362-6974
Photo of Marcia Greene, Marriage & Family Therapist in California
Marcia Greene
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Petaluma, CA 94952
Feel like you aren't living your best life? Are you looking to relieve discomfort from stress, trauma, or grief? Hoping to experience more satisfying relationships and fulfill your potential? People seek help because they want to feel better. While the course of therapy depends on many variables, when you work with me you get an expert in the art of listening which opens paths that are found in deep collaborative work in an environment of trust and safety. I am committed to working with care, efficiency and an intensity that can help reduce or alleviate your symptoms in as short a time as possible.
Feel like you aren't living your best life? Are you looking to relieve discomfort from stress, trauma, or grief? Hoping to experience more satisfying relationships and fulfill your potential? People seek help because they want to feel better. While the course of therapy depends on many variables, when you work with me you get an expert in the art of listening which opens paths that are found in deep collaborative work in an environment of trust and safety. I am committed to working with care, efficiency and an intensity that can help reduce or alleviate your symptoms in as short a time as possible.
(707) 383-3596 View (707) 383-3596
Photo of Manuel Perez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in California
Manuel Perez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94134
As a therapist, you are my priority. Through talk therapy, we explore your thoughts/feelings and how your thoughts/feelings come out in your behavior and interactions with others. Understanding your unique goals, values, and challenges allow me to become your ally in helping you reach your optimum mental health. Assisting with care and hope is my commitment to you.
As a therapist, you are my priority. Through talk therapy, we explore your thoughts/feelings and how your thoughts/feelings come out in your behavior and interactions with others. Understanding your unique goals, values, and challenges allow me to become your ally in helping you reach your optimum mental health. Assisting with care and hope is my commitment to you.
(510) 991-5279 View (510) 991-5279
Photo of Connelly Murphy, Marriage & Family Therapist in California
Connelly Murphy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Mateo, CA 94401
I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist (LMFT 78886) and have been practicing in the Bay Area since 2006. After completing my undergrad at Stanford University, I obtained my Master’s degree in Counseling Psychology from Santa Clara University. In the years following, I have worked with individuals, families and groups, across the lifespan. I have extensive experience treating depression, anxiety, trauma, relationship and family issues, parenting challenges, life transitions and personal growth/exploratory work. I provide affirming care for the LGBTQ+ community as well.
I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist (LMFT 78886) and have been practicing in the Bay Area since 2006. After completing my undergrad at Stanford University, I obtained my Master’s degree in Counseling Psychology from Santa Clara University. In the years following, I have worked with individuals, families and groups, across the lifespan. I have extensive experience treating depression, anxiety, trauma, relationship and family issues, parenting challenges, life transitions and personal growth/exploratory work. I provide affirming care for the LGBTQ+ community as well.
(650) 437-1852 View (650) 437-1852

How does your Therapist compare?

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in California who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
87% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
64% Coping Skills
64% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

66% Aetna
60% Cigna and Evernorth
55% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in California see their clients

69% In Person and Online
31% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in California?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.