Therapists in Simi Valley, CA

Photo of Ellen Zuravel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Ellen Zuravel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065
OVERWHELMED? In this Post-pandemic world it is the "new normal" to feel anxious, depressed, fearful and at times, hopeless. Are depression, anxiety, worry, fear getting in your way of being the best that you know you can be? Have you tried everything you can think of and still distressed! I CAN HELP!! I bring over 30 years professional experience, enhanced by my personal life experiences including multiple losses, as well as recently entering yet another "new world" of Widowhood!
OVERWHELMED? In this Post-pandemic world it is the "new normal" to feel anxious, depressed, fearful and at times, hopeless. Are depression, anxiety, worry, fear getting in your way of being the best that you know you can be? Have you tried everything you can think of and still distressed! I CAN HELP!! I bring over 30 years professional experience, enhanced by my personal life experiences including multiple losses, as well as recently entering yet another "new world" of Widowhood!
(661) 475-5031 View (661) 475-5031
Jay Malhotra
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065  (Online Only)
Your healing is my sole focus. I am a licensed clinical psychologist who has lived in the area for 50 years. I have been in practice for two and a half decades providing * Psychotherapy that is respectful, solution-focused, goal-oriented, effective * Adolescents (16+), Adults, Elders, and families are welcome.* I also conduct court-ordered Forensic SVP Evaluations *
Your healing is my sole focus. I am a licensed clinical psychologist who has lived in the area for 50 years. I have been in practice for two and a half decades providing * Psychotherapy that is respectful, solution-focused, goal-oriented, effective * Adolescents (16+), Adults, Elders, and families are welcome.* I also conduct court-ordered Forensic SVP Evaluations *
(818) 452-0641 View (818) 452-0641
Photo of Ogechi Nkwocha, Marriage & Family Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Ogechi Nkwocha
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065
My name is Ogechi Nkwocha, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Riverside County, California, working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and teens, and I specialize in depression, trauma, anxiety/stress, self-esteem issues, and career counseling. With the use of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Solution Focused Therapy, Existential Therapy and Strength Based Therapy, I am able to help my clients feel empowered and equipped to take on life’s challenges.
My name is Ogechi Nkwocha, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Riverside County, California, working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and teens, and I specialize in depression, trauma, anxiety/stress, self-esteem issues, and career counseling. With the use of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Solution Focused Therapy, Existential Therapy and Strength Based Therapy, I am able to help my clients feel empowered and equipped to take on life’s challenges.
(805) 420-1802 View (805) 420-1802
Photo of Courtney Reddick, Marriage & Family Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Courtney Reddick
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Simi Valley, CA 93063
I am passionate about working with kids, teens, and adults to help navigate those challenges and guide you on that journey. I got into this work because I believe everyone deserves a safe space in which they can navigate their inner and outer worlds, overcome barriers, and be heard and valued. I believe by offering unconditional acceptance and empathetic listening, I can help you find your unique strengths which can move you towards healing and growth.
I am passionate about working with kids, teens, and adults to help navigate those challenges and guide you on that journey. I got into this work because I believe everyone deserves a safe space in which they can navigate their inner and outer worlds, overcome barriers, and be heard and valued. I believe by offering unconditional acceptance and empathetic listening, I can help you find your unique strengths which can move you towards healing and growth.
(805) 301-9907 View (805) 301-9907
Photo of Tiffany Chaston, Psychologist in Simi Valley, CA
Tiffany Chaston
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065
My name is Dr. Tiffany Chaston, and I am a licensed clinical psychologist. I am passionate about helping people get “unstuck” so that they can pursue a life that aligns with their values and dreams. My clinical focus is anxiety and trauma, though I have treated many other mental health conditions. I have worked mainly with adults. I previously saw individual clients and taught various coping skills groups in a hospital setting.
My name is Dr. Tiffany Chaston, and I am a licensed clinical psychologist. I am passionate about helping people get “unstuck” so that they can pursue a life that aligns with their values and dreams. My clinical focus is anxiety and trauma, though I have treated many other mental health conditions. I have worked mainly with adults. I previously saw individual clients and taught various coping skills groups in a hospital setting.
(805) 624-3962 View (805) 624-3962
Photo of Jennifer Gabriel, Pre-Licensed Professional in Simi Valley, CA
Jennifer Gabriel
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, APCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Simi Valley, CA 93063
My mission is to provide a safe and empathetic space for individuals to explore their experiences and enter on a journey towards healing. I am committed to tailoring my approach to meet the unique and varied needs of each individual and I am dedicated to understanding the intricate effects of trauma on the mind, body, and spirit. With a foundation in evidence-based practices and a deep respect for the resilience of the human spirit, I strive to empower my clients to reclaim their lives, cultivate self-compassion, and discover a renewed sense of hope and purpose.
My mission is to provide a safe and empathetic space for individuals to explore their experiences and enter on a journey towards healing. I am committed to tailoring my approach to meet the unique and varied needs of each individual and I am dedicated to understanding the intricate effects of trauma on the mind, body, and spirit. With a foundation in evidence-based practices and a deep respect for the resilience of the human spirit, I strive to empower my clients to reclaim their lives, cultivate self-compassion, and discover a renewed sense of hope and purpose.
(805) 254-7458 View (805) 254-7458
Photo of Kristy Schadt, Marriage & Family Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Kristy Schadt
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT, RPT-S
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93063
Waitlist for new clients
Healing requires a safe and accepting place to express fully all of the feelings, thoughts, and experiences that make us who we are. As we sort out our experiences, we begin to understand ourselves better and can learn new ways to respond to the twists and turns that life has to offer. Development of new skills, an understanding of basic mental heath practices, and re-creating a new way to do life are all goals many of my clients have achieved. I enjoy witnessing my clients change their lives and become more engaged in living the life they desire.
Healing requires a safe and accepting place to express fully all of the feelings, thoughts, and experiences that make us who we are. As we sort out our experiences, we begin to understand ourselves better and can learn new ways to respond to the twists and turns that life has to offer. Development of new skills, an understanding of basic mental heath practices, and re-creating a new way to do life are all goals many of my clients have achieved. I enjoy witnessing my clients change their lives and become more engaged in living the life they desire.
(805) 200-3931 View (805) 200-3931
Photo of Spike The Psych, Licensed Educational Psychologist in Simi Valley, CA
Spike The Psych
Licensed Educational Psychologist, MA, LEP, #3394, CCTMHP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Hi, I'm Jeffrey Spike, AKA Spike the Psych. Unlike several Tele-Health providers who overcharge, I'm certified, I charge less, and I'm excellent at what I do. I've been a licensed educational psychologist since 2012, while working full time for LAUSD since 2005. I was the recipient of the Los Angeles Association of School Psychologists Outstanding Psychologist of the Year award. With 20 years of experience, I have successfully identified the primary strengths and needs of students with Autism, ADHD, learning disabilities, emotional and behavior difficulties; and I get them the accommodations and support they deserve for success.
Hi, I'm Jeffrey Spike, AKA Spike the Psych. Unlike several Tele-Health providers who overcharge, I'm certified, I charge less, and I'm excellent at what I do. I've been a licensed educational psychologist since 2012, while working full time for LAUSD since 2005. I was the recipient of the Los Angeles Association of School Psychologists Outstanding Psychologist of the Year award. With 20 years of experience, I have successfully identified the primary strengths and needs of students with Autism, ADHD, learning disabilities, emotional and behavior difficulties; and I get them the accommodations and support they deserve for success.
(747) 203-0768 View (747) 203-0768
Photo of Amy Kaltenbach, Marriage & Family Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Amy Kaltenbach
Marriage & Family Therapist, MEd, MA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Simi Valley, CA 93063
Are you a Christian who has gone through a challenging or mind-blowing event that has rocked your faith? Is it hard to think of a way through the chaotic tunnel of maybe fear, grief and loss associated with that experience?
Are you a Christian who has gone through a challenging or mind-blowing event that has rocked your faith? Is it hard to think of a way through the chaotic tunnel of maybe fear, grief and loss associated with that experience?
(805) 210-8711 View (805) 210-8711
Photo of Armine Vardanyan, Marriage & Family Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Armine Vardanyan
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Simi Valley, CA 93065  (Online Only)
Hi! Welcome to my small online practice, and congratulations on taking the step in looking into therapy - I know it can be challenging! My primary goal is to create a safe, inclusive, and comfortable space where you can be yourself and open up about things that you may be struggling with, or things that are causing you stress. Our sessions will not be a one-sided conversation, nor will they be mundane (trust me!), but rather there will be a lot of conversation and interaction, and together we can work on the things you want to change. I want you to find the peace and healing that you desire.
Hi! Welcome to my small online practice, and congratulations on taking the step in looking into therapy - I know it can be challenging! My primary goal is to create a safe, inclusive, and comfortable space where you can be yourself and open up about things that you may be struggling with, or things that are causing you stress. Our sessions will not be a one-sided conversation, nor will they be mundane (trust me!), but rather there will be a lot of conversation and interaction, and together we can work on the things you want to change. I want you to find the peace and healing that you desire.
(805) 360-4661 View (805) 360-4661
Photo of Jamie Fister, Marriage & Family Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Jamie Fister
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Welcome, I'm Jamie Fister, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) dedicated to supporting individuals through various emotional challenges. If you're dealing with depression, anxiety, or navigating codependency, you're not alone. My focus is on providing a welcoming space where we can collaboratively address and work through these challenges. I understand that everyone's journey is unique, and I'm here to offer guidance, support, and evidence-based strategies to help you navigate the complexities of your emotions. Let's embark on a journey of self-discovery and positive change together.
Welcome, I'm Jamie Fister, a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) dedicated to supporting individuals through various emotional challenges. If you're dealing with depression, anxiety, or navigating codependency, you're not alone. My focus is on providing a welcoming space where we can collaboratively address and work through these challenges. I understand that everyone's journey is unique, and I'm here to offer guidance, support, and evidence-based strategies to help you navigate the complexities of your emotions. Let's embark on a journey of self-discovery and positive change together.
(805) 387-9670 View (805) 387-9670
Photo of Rebecca LoMonaco, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Rebecca LoMonaco
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065
I specialize in assisting adults experiencing a cancer diagnosis, supporting a loved one with cancer, facing life transitions, living with chronic illness or coping with grief. In session, I am collaborative, compassionate, and calm. I am skilled in making meaning out of difficult life experiences and using mindfulness techniques when appropriate. I also have experience with the LGBTQ+ population.
I specialize in assisting adults experiencing a cancer diagnosis, supporting a loved one with cancer, facing life transitions, living with chronic illness or coping with grief. In session, I am collaborative, compassionate, and calm. I am skilled in making meaning out of difficult life experiences and using mindfulness techniques when appropriate. I also have experience with the LGBTQ+ population.
(805) 491-9407 View (805) 491-9407
Photo of Raven Navarrete, Marriage & Family Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Raven Navarrete
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065
My name is Raven Navarrete, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California. I predominately work with adolescents, men's issues, and mood disorders; however, I am happy to work with clients of all ages and backgrounds. I have worked with children and adolescents for many years as a therapist and also before my clinical training. I am okay with big emotions as well as silence. I am comfortable working with all ages and backgrounds and will strive to help my clients feel safe and understood.
My name is Raven Navarrete, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in California. I predominately work with adolescents, men's issues, and mood disorders; however, I am happy to work with clients of all ages and backgrounds. I have worked with children and adolescents for many years as a therapist and also before my clinical training. I am okay with big emotions as well as silence. I am comfortable working with all ages and backgrounds and will strive to help my clients feel safe and understood.
(805) 307-5142 View (805) 307-5142
Sue White
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93063
I offer practical, down to earth counseling using primarily cognitive behavioral and family systems therapy. My main areas of focus are in the treatment of anxiety, depression, loss and grief and relationships. I treat adults with the majority of my referrals coming from previous clients, insurance companies and the church community. I am a graduate of Pepperdine University with a Masters Degree in Clinical Psychology with an Emphasis in Marriage and Family Counseling.
I offer practical, down to earth counseling using primarily cognitive behavioral and family systems therapy. My main areas of focus are in the treatment of anxiety, depression, loss and grief and relationships. I treat adults with the majority of my referrals coming from previous clients, insurance companies and the church community. I am a graduate of Pepperdine University with a Masters Degree in Clinical Psychology with an Emphasis in Marriage and Family Counseling.
(805) 765-2428 View (805) 765-2428
Photo of Mary Rios, Marriage & Family Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Mary Rios
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Hi, my name is Mary Rios, I am a licensed marriage and family therapist. I would like to work with and support you, as we work together to problem solve and process issues that are stopping you from being the best person you strive to be. Let’s work together to achieve your goals. I work well with adults. I have extensive experience with major depression as well as bipolar disorders. Interpersonal issues and relationship problems such as communication and self-care are important to me.
Hi, my name is Mary Rios, I am a licensed marriage and family therapist. I would like to work with and support you, as we work together to problem solve and process issues that are stopping you from being the best person you strive to be. Let’s work together to achieve your goals. I work well with adults. I have extensive experience with major depression as well as bipolar disorders. Interpersonal issues and relationship problems such as communication and self-care are important to me.
(805) 977-6154 View (805) 977-6154
Photo of Avrille Birnbaum, Psychologist in Simi Valley, CA
Avrille Birnbaum
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Hi, I'm Avrille Birnbaum! I'm a Clinical Psychologist, practicing therapy via video for clients who are in need but might not be able to take time off weekly to come to an office. I am a believer in doing what I can to make self-care accessible and relevant for each client, and I strive to make each person feel that they are having a conversation in which they feel supported, heard, and receive tools to use in their daily lives. Most often, my clients come to me struggling with issues regarding neurodivergence, depression, social anxiety, living with bipolar disorder, chronic pain, and autoimmune disorders.
Hi, I'm Avrille Birnbaum! I'm a Clinical Psychologist, practicing therapy via video for clients who are in need but might not be able to take time off weekly to come to an office. I am a believer in doing what I can to make self-care accessible and relevant for each client, and I strive to make each person feel that they are having a conversation in which they feel supported, heard, and receive tools to use in their daily lives. Most often, my clients come to me struggling with issues regarding neurodivergence, depression, social anxiety, living with bipolar disorder, chronic pain, and autoimmune disorders.
(805) 360-4291 View (805) 360-4291
Photo of Ronald Cummings, Marriage & Family Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Ronald Cummings
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Hi, my name is Ronald Cummings. I have been doing therapy for around a decade now. Before this, I also worked at a sober living home, a detox, and as a public school teacher for middle school. I see my clients as able to fix the situation they are in and a vital part of the therapeutic process. I like to work with a variety of clients and with a variety of mental health issues. I do have a background in dealing with anxiety from personal experience as well.
Hi, my name is Ronald Cummings. I have been doing therapy for around a decade now. Before this, I also worked at a sober living home, a detox, and as a public school teacher for middle school. I see my clients as able to fix the situation they are in and a vital part of the therapeutic process. I like to work with a variety of clients and with a variety of mental health issues. I do have a background in dealing with anxiety from personal experience as well.
(805) 600-0234 View (805) 600-0234
Photo of Anna Smith, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Simi Valley, CA
Anna Smith
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065
For those seeking a clinician for themself: Life is hard. It seems like everyone received a playbook and your copy never arrived. In our work together, we’ll navigate understanding how you process the world and your inner self. We’ll gently unpack the anxiety and loneliness that are inherent to living in environments meant for neurotypical folx. There will be space to celebrate what makes you unique and space to process the pain of life’s challenges. Our work together will be individual to you, but I provide all clients affirming care that honors your identity as valid and enough.
For those seeking a clinician for themself: Life is hard. It seems like everyone received a playbook and your copy never arrived. In our work together, we’ll navigate understanding how you process the world and your inner self. We’ll gently unpack the anxiety and loneliness that are inherent to living in environments meant for neurotypical folx. There will be space to celebrate what makes you unique and space to process the pain of life’s challenges. Our work together will be individual to you, but I provide all clients affirming care that honors your identity as valid and enough.
(818) 699-9437 View (818) 699-9437
Photo of Elizabeth Hope Sorenson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Elizabeth Hope Sorenson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Simi Valley, CA 93065  (Online Only)
I am committed to guiding my clients through barriers that hinder or impede upon thier inner peace. Trauma-informed treatment aims to equip the client with an experience that increases their ability to trust themselves, others, and the world around them. I am EMDR Certified and DBT Trained. These modalities compliment the therapeutic alliance and are aimed at outcomes that work to see, affirm, and celebrate you as a whole person. You deserve to experience life without carrying all of the weight of what has happened to you. I look forward to working together to find, explore, and safeguard what makes life meaningful to you.
I am committed to guiding my clients through barriers that hinder or impede upon thier inner peace. Trauma-informed treatment aims to equip the client with an experience that increases their ability to trust themselves, others, and the world around them. I am EMDR Certified and DBT Trained. These modalities compliment the therapeutic alliance and are aimed at outcomes that work to see, affirm, and celebrate you as a whole person. You deserve to experience life without carrying all of the weight of what has happened to you. I look forward to working together to find, explore, and safeguard what makes life meaningful to you.
(661) 215-8212 View (661) 215-8212
Photo of Bernie-Bernadine M Gleason, Marriage & Family Therapist in Simi Valley, CA
Bernie-Bernadine M Gleason
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Simi Valley, CA 93062
Is sharing your life with a stranger comfortable for you? It's not easy for anyone and yet from my own experience and from the testimony of others (clients/friends/family), therapy has proven to be a positive life-changing experience that I would want for you. I count it a privilege to be invited into your life and heart and I wouldn't take that lightly. My goals are to make therapy a "safe place" by welcoming you with empathy, validation, affirmation, assistance and tender care (the way we all want to be treated). Maybe you're suffering from trauma or loss or hurt or...please give me an opportunity to work with you to make your life a new and safe place. I also offer faith-based counseling.
Is sharing your life with a stranger comfortable for you? It's not easy for anyone and yet from my own experience and from the testimony of others (clients/friends/family), therapy has proven to be a positive life-changing experience that I would want for you. I count it a privilege to be invited into your life and heart and I wouldn't take that lightly. My goals are to make therapy a "safe place" by welcoming you with empathy, validation, affirmation, assistance and tender care (the way we all want to be treated). Maybe you're suffering from trauma or loss or hurt or...please give me an opportunity to work with you to make your life a new and safe place. I also offer faith-based counseling.
(661) 276-8826 View (661) 276-8826

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Simi Valley, CA

200+

Average cost per session

$165

Therapists in Simi Valley, CA who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
90% Depression
73% Coping Skills
71% Relationship Issues
70% Self Esteem
64% Trauma and PTSD
64% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% Aetna
82% Optum
79% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Simi Valley, CA see their clients

78% In Person and Online
22% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
17% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Simi Valley?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.