Therapists in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA

Photo of Susie Adams, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Susie Adams
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Whether you are coming to therapy because you are battling addiction, have relationship issues, unresolved trauma, or are striving for more balance in your life, I am here to help. Making an appointment with a therapist takes courage and is the first step toward personal growth and change. Some people come to therapy to improve their communication skills while others come to explore their unresolved pain that may show up in various symptoms such as, depression, anxiety, or substance abuse. If the underlying pain is not dealt with, life can seem difficult and maybe even unbearable. There is no need to suffer. There is hope.
Whether you are coming to therapy because you are battling addiction, have relationship issues, unresolved trauma, or are striving for more balance in your life, I am here to help. Making an appointment with a therapist takes courage and is the first step toward personal growth and change. Some people come to therapy to improve their communication skills while others come to explore their unresolved pain that may show up in various symptoms such as, depression, anxiety, or substance abuse. If the underlying pain is not dealt with, life can seem difficult and maybe even unbearable. There is no need to suffer. There is hope.
(805) 519-7149 View (805) 519-7149
Photo of Eric Kruger, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Eric Kruger
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101
NOTE: Currently, my practice is limited to seeing individuals on Saturdays only. I look forward helping you find more effective ways of dealing with the conflicts and changes of everyday life. If you struggle with unhealthy coping strategies such as dependency on substances/behaviors, seem to repeat the same self-defeating patterns in relationships, have difficulty managing intense, overwhelming feelings or often feel misunderstood while trying to communicate, I can help you alter underlying patterns and develop tools that lead to enduring change.
NOTE: Currently, my practice is limited to seeing individuals on Saturdays only. I look forward helping you find more effective ways of dealing with the conflicts and changes of everyday life. If you struggle with unhealthy coping strategies such as dependency on substances/behaviors, seem to repeat the same self-defeating patterns in relationships, have difficulty managing intense, overwhelming feelings or often feel misunderstood while trying to communicate, I can help you alter underlying patterns and develop tools that lead to enduring change.
(805) 416-1767 View (805) 416-1767
Photo of Jolene Guilliams, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Jolene Guilliams
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101
I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist who specializes in Somatic Psychotherapy. Somatic simply means "relating to the body" and in therapy this means that I have been uniquely trained to integrate the wisdom from our biology into treatment. Our bodies relate information that, should we choose to listen, can support our overall mental health. This way of working can have profound effects on anxiety, depression, trauma, addictions, and disordered eating. The clients that receive maximum benefit from my approach have an open mind about how the body influences thoughts, not just how thoughts influence the body.
I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist who specializes in Somatic Psychotherapy. Somatic simply means "relating to the body" and in therapy this means that I have been uniquely trained to integrate the wisdom from our biology into treatment. Our bodies relate information that, should we choose to listen, can support our overall mental health. This way of working can have profound effects on anxiety, depression, trauma, addictions, and disordered eating. The clients that receive maximum benefit from my approach have an open mind about how the body influences thoughts, not just how thoughts influence the body.
(805) 883-6150 View (805) 883-6150
Photo of Laurel O'Connor, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Laurel O'Connor
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101
There are times in our lives when we are presented with challenging circumstances. These experiences can be enormously difficult yet they also provide an opportunity for tremendous growth. The guidance and support of a trusted professional can be vital in regaining a sense of balance and ability to move forward in a positive way. What I have come to understand from my own life and education is that our suffering is often caused by losing connection to ourselves and others. With care and curiosity we can rebuild this sense of connection and foster the change necessary to create a healthy and meaningful life.
There are times in our lives when we are presented with challenging circumstances. These experiences can be enormously difficult yet they also provide an opportunity for tremendous growth. The guidance and support of a trusted professional can be vital in regaining a sense of balance and ability to move forward in a positive way. What I have come to understand from my own life and education is that our suffering is often caused by losing connection to ourselves and others. With care and curiosity we can rebuild this sense of connection and foster the change necessary to create a healthy and meaningful life.
(805) 706-8878 View (805) 706-8878
Photo of Michele Wolf, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Michele Wolf
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101
I work with clients who are struggling to function fully and effectively in some or all aspects of their lives. This struggle might arise from chemical dependency, mental health challenges, stage of life transitions, grief/loss, or the patterns that arise from early challenges, such as childhood trauma. My goal is to "tune in" to where you are and what you are needing in your life today, to be responsive to the particular needs of the individual, as a support, witness and guide.
I work with clients who are struggling to function fully and effectively in some or all aspects of their lives. This struggle might arise from chemical dependency, mental health challenges, stage of life transitions, grief/loss, or the patterns that arise from early challenges, such as childhood trauma. My goal is to "tune in" to where you are and what you are needing in your life today, to be responsive to the particular needs of the individual, as a support, witness and guide.
(805) 409-8561 View (805) 409-8561
Photo of Lisanna Rood, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Lisanna Rood
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101  (Online Only)
Do you dream of a greater sense of well being? With over 35 years of experience in the field, I have the expertise and tools to provide a warm and safe environment for adults in individual psychotherapy. My style is gentle, supportive and encouraging. I am particularly strong in the area of bringing the power of spirituality into our work as well as utilizing coaching throughout the sessions. Clients repeatedly experience rapid relief from the emotional pain of grief and loss as well as report positive, lasting changes in the areas of intimacy, anxiety and depression as a result of our work together.
Do you dream of a greater sense of well being? With over 35 years of experience in the field, I have the expertise and tools to provide a warm and safe environment for adults in individual psychotherapy. My style is gentle, supportive and encouraging. I am particularly strong in the area of bringing the power of spirituality into our work as well as utilizing coaching throughout the sessions. Clients repeatedly experience rapid relief from the emotional pain of grief and loss as well as report positive, lasting changes in the areas of intimacy, anxiety and depression as a result of our work together.
(925) 695-7956 View (925) 695-7956
Photo of Dr. Jean Stultz Somatic Psychotherapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Dr. Jean Stultz Somatic Psychotherapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT
Verified Verified
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93105
Somatic therapy is a form of therapy that integrates the mind and body. When talk therapy is not enough, somatic approaches offer an integrated lens that allows the wisdom of the body to be expressed and explored. Dr. Jean creates a safe, therapeutic container from which each client can begin to develop a greater coherency of their daily life experiences and an understand of how their bodily experiences are interwoven. See more on my personal webpage: DrJeanTherapy.com
Somatic therapy is a form of therapy that integrates the mind and body. When talk therapy is not enough, somatic approaches offer an integrated lens that allows the wisdom of the body to be expressed and explored. Dr. Jean creates a safe, therapeutic container from which each client can begin to develop a greater coherency of their daily life experiences and an understand of how their bodily experiences are interwoven. See more on my personal webpage: DrJeanTherapy.com
(805) 360-6570 View (805) 360-6570
Photo of Fiona Stone, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Fiona Stone
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, APCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Using warmth and empathy, I provide a safe space for you to explore how to strengthen your sense of self and your intimate relationships, enabling you to heal and grow authentically. My approach is supportive and direct with an emphasis on your needs, values, and experiences. I offer compassionate support to individuals and couples facing relationship difficulties, adjusting to challenging life transitions, or hoping to improve mental well-being. My goal is to guide you to understand, accept, and express your emotions by gaining personal insight, improving relationships, and exploring life’s concerns, conflicts, and contradictions.
Using warmth and empathy, I provide a safe space for you to explore how to strengthen your sense of self and your intimate relationships, enabling you to heal and grow authentically. My approach is supportive and direct with an emphasis on your needs, values, and experiences. I offer compassionate support to individuals and couples facing relationship difficulties, adjusting to challenging life transitions, or hoping to improve mental well-being. My goal is to guide you to understand, accept, and express your emotions by gaining personal insight, improving relationships, and exploring life’s concerns, conflicts, and contradictions.
(805) 590-9128 View (805) 590-9128
Photo of Adina L McGarr-Knabke, Psychologist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Adina L McGarr-Knabke
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Welcome to my practice!  I am a licensed clinical psychologist and consultant.  I specialize in using science based information and strategies to help my clients change their mindsets, increase self-worth, and overcome negative coping mechanisms.  Areas of specialty include anxiety, eating disorders, addiction, and empowering clients on how to use their mind to change their brain, so that they may reach their potential. My approach is strongly influence by Interpersonal Neurobiology, Psychodynamic Theory, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. I also offer EMDR, an evidence based therapy for trauma.
Welcome to my practice!  I am a licensed clinical psychologist and consultant.  I specialize in using science based information and strategies to help my clients change their mindsets, increase self-worth, and overcome negative coping mechanisms.  Areas of specialty include anxiety, eating disorders, addiction, and empowering clients on how to use their mind to change their brain, so that they may reach their potential. My approach is strongly influence by Interpersonal Neurobiology, Psychodynamic Theory, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. I also offer EMDR, an evidence based therapy for trauma.
(818) 921-6950 View (818) 921-6950
Photo of Diana Lambeth, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Diana Lambeth
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93105
If the relationship you are in is struggling, if you feel alone or as if you keep having the same fight, if you are struggling with some type of betrayal or anger  I can help.  In your first sessions we will discover the things that are holding your relationship back from being what you thought it could be when you first met. As we work together I will help you identify where new skills are needed and get you headed toward the relationship you have been longing for.  
If the relationship you are in is struggling, if you feel alone or as if you keep having the same fight, if you are struggling with some type of betrayal or anger  I can help.  In your first sessions we will discover the things that are holding your relationship back from being what you thought it could be when you first met. As we work together I will help you identify where new skills are needed and get you headed toward the relationship you have been longing for.  
(805) 246-9340 View (805) 246-9340
Photo of Charmaine Curtis Jacobs, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Charmaine Curtis Jacobs
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, 123172
Verified Verified
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Changing old habits and building emotional resilience makes sense at any age. I base my theoretical approach on the widely researched neuropsychological findings of Attachment Theory. Underlying successful treatment is the richness of the therapeutic relationship. I use evidence based methods including CBT, Mindfulness and brief psychotherapy.
Changing old habits and building emotional resilience makes sense at any age. I base my theoretical approach on the widely researched neuropsychological findings of Attachment Theory. Underlying successful treatment is the richness of the therapeutic relationship. I use evidence based methods including CBT, Mindfulness and brief psychotherapy.
(805) 232-7676 View (805) 232-7676
Photo of Jacquelyn De Longe, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Jacquelyn De Longe
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT, APCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101
I am passionate about your personal growth and helping you identify and achieve your life goals. I use attachment theory and somatic awareness as a means to help you identify your thoughts and feelings and heal from trauma. We will work to increase understanding, coping skills, and focus through the exploration of your unique story in a safe and supportive environment. For the most up-to-date information, find me on IG at jdtherapist.
I am passionate about your personal growth and helping you identify and achieve your life goals. I use attachment theory and somatic awareness as a means to help you identify your thoughts and feelings and heal from trauma. We will work to increase understanding, coping skills, and focus through the exploration of your unique story in a safe and supportive environment. For the most up-to-date information, find me on IG at jdtherapist.
(805) 622-2974 View (805) 622-2974
Photo of James Claiborn, Psychologist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
James Claiborn
Psychologist, PhD, ABPP, ACT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I provide cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). I specialize in treating Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and related disorders including tic disorders using CBIT. I also treat sleep disorders.
I provide cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). I specialize in treating Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and related disorders including tic disorders using CBIT. I also treat sleep disorders.
(207) 799-0408 View (207) 799-0408
Photo of Sascha Goldhor, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Sascha Goldhor
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93105  (Online Only)
Our sessions together will transform your life. One of my main aims is to support you to trust your Self. You'll learn how to attune to the unconscious, both to alleviate your suffering and to guide your Self towards wholeness. We'll focus on your emergent somatic experience and incorporate imaginal practices. Throughout, we gain insights into your relationship patterns and nurture your creative function. My style is collaborative + curious. I hold this profound, rewarding process with care and integrity. Many clients express how our sessions have led to lasting change in their lives.
Our sessions together will transform your life. One of my main aims is to support you to trust your Self. You'll learn how to attune to the unconscious, both to alleviate your suffering and to guide your Self towards wholeness. We'll focus on your emergent somatic experience and incorporate imaginal practices. Throughout, we gain insights into your relationship patterns and nurture your creative function. My style is collaborative + curious. I hold this profound, rewarding process with care and integrity. Many clients express how our sessions have led to lasting change in their lives.
(818) 722-9021 View (818) 722-9021
Photo of Amanda Sharp, Associate Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Amanda Sharp
Associate Marriage & Family Therapist, AMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101  (Online Only)
Life can throw us unexpected curveballs, and it’s completely normal to feel overwhelmed. I am here to empower you to thrive through whatever you are navigating, whether you are logging in from your car on your lunch break, connecting in your dorm room between study sessions, or from the comfort of your own home after a long day at work. I will offer a safe and supportive space for you to better understand who you are and equip you with supportive tools to thrive despite adversity.
Life can throw us unexpected curveballs, and it’s completely normal to feel overwhelmed. I am here to empower you to thrive through whatever you are navigating, whether you are logging in from your car on your lunch break, connecting in your dorm room between study sessions, or from the comfort of your own home after a long day at work. I will offer a safe and supportive space for you to better understand who you are and equip you with supportive tools to thrive despite adversity.
(805) 360-4698 View (805) 360-4698
Photo of Madeleine Saxe, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Madeleine Saxe
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93105  (Online Only)
Are you looking for a safe space to feel supported and understood? I can help. I treat depression, anxiety, eating disorders, substance abuse issues, self-esteem issues, and relationship issues in adolescents, adults and families. Through professional and personal experience with therapy, I have learned that feeling understood, supported and safe can be some of the most valuable parts of the healing process. In my practice I meet my clients where they are in the moment, and together with the client, I work to help them reach their unique goals for therapy. My approach is direct, compassionate and genuine.
Are you looking for a safe space to feel supported and understood? I can help. I treat depression, anxiety, eating disorders, substance abuse issues, self-esteem issues, and relationship issues in adolescents, adults and families. Through professional and personal experience with therapy, I have learned that feeling understood, supported and safe can be some of the most valuable parts of the healing process. In my practice I meet my clients where they are in the moment, and together with the client, I work to help them reach their unique goals for therapy. My approach is direct, compassionate and genuine.
(805) 386-9741 View (805) 386-9741
Photo of Dr. Richard LeGassick, Psychologist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Dr. Richard LeGassick
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I provide psychotherapy supporting those going through difficult life transitions. - relationship, family changes, career changes. Including separations, grieving the loss of loved ones, caregiver support and health concerns.
I provide psychotherapy supporting those going through difficult life transitions. - relationship, family changes, career changes. Including separations, grieving the loss of loved ones, caregiver support and health concerns.
(805) 874-5322 View (805) 874-5322
Photo of Catherine Metzenberg, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Catherine Metzenberg
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101
I'm currently accepting new Cottage Health Clients! I specialize in working with Healthcare Professionals, First Responder's and Transitional Aged Youth (ages 16 to 25). I also really enjoy working with Mothers learning to navigate all stages of motherhood. I provide a warm and healing environment to help my clients explore, process and grow. I'm trained in somatic EMDR and firmly believe that as humans we heal best when we incorporate working with the nervous system. In sessions, I often utilize somatic exercises to help a client enhance physical and emotional safety and overall groundedness.
I'm currently accepting new Cottage Health Clients! I specialize in working with Healthcare Professionals, First Responder's and Transitional Aged Youth (ages 16 to 25). I also really enjoy working with Mothers learning to navigate all stages of motherhood. I provide a warm and healing environment to help my clients explore, process and grow. I'm trained in somatic EMDR and firmly believe that as humans we heal best when we incorporate working with the nervous system. In sessions, I often utilize somatic exercises to help a client enhance physical and emotional safety and overall groundedness.
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Photo of Linda Hatch PhD, Psychologist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Linda Hatch PhD
Psychologist, PhD, CSAT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93101
My practice is limited to the treatment of those experiencing addictive sexual behavior of any kind. I will also treat those who are partners or spouses of sex addicts. For further information please see my web page at: www.sexaddictionscounseling.com.
My practice is limited to the treatment of those experiencing addictive sexual behavior of any kind. I will also treat those who are partners or spouses of sex addicts. For further information please see my web page at: www.sexaddictionscounseling.com.
(805) 409-8482 View (805) 409-8482
Photo of Bren J Fraser, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA
Bren J Fraser
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA 93109
I am passionate about working with children, adolescents, families and young adults. I believe that one of the most powerful aspects of the therapy process is the relationship between the therapist and client, the therapeutic relationship. our work together needs to be collaborative so that you feel both supported and safe. To achieve this I will adjust my style in order to best fit your needs and help you reach your counseling goals. I invite and encourage you to ask questions about your session. I honor your inquisitiveness about your own process.
I am passionate about working with children, adolescents, families and young adults. I believe that one of the most powerful aspects of the therapy process is the relationship between the therapist and client, the therapeutic relationship. our work together needs to be collaborative so that you feel both supported and safe. To achieve this I will adjust my style in order to best fit your needs and help you reach your counseling goals. I invite and encourage you to ask questions about your session. I honor your inquisitiveness about your own process.
(805) 266-7660 View (805) 266-7660

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Number of Therapists in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA

500+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
68% Trauma and PTSD
64% Coping Skills
64% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

56% Aetna
42% Other
41% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Downtown, Santa Barbara, CA see their clients

77% In Person and Online
23% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
20% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Downtown, Santa Barbara?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.