Internal Family Systems (IFS) Therapists in San Leandro, CA

Photo of Kristin Porter, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kristin Porter
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94577
I use a 'parts' approach informed by IFS, structural dissociation, and Comprehensive Resource Model.
You can heal your life with your own mind/body! In today's stressful world, symptoms of anxiety, depression and troubled relationships are common. As an LMFT, I have 20+ years experience working with families, couples and individuals; healing traumas, mending relationships, reducing depression, anxiety and addiction and supporting personal growth. Focusing on "kindfulness," we work to shine a light of insight, offering profound transformation. With compassion and empathy, I guide clients to a deep sense of well-being which provides relief from many troubling symptoms and creates solutions to today's common modern life problems.
I use a 'parts' approach informed by IFS, structural dissociation, and Comprehensive Resource Model.
You can heal your life with your own mind/body! In today's stressful world, symptoms of anxiety, depression and troubled relationships are common. As an LMFT, I have 20+ years experience working with families, couples and individuals; healing traumas, mending relationships, reducing depression, anxiety and addiction and supporting personal growth. Focusing on "kindfulness," we work to shine a light of insight, offering profound transformation. With compassion and empathy, I guide clients to a deep sense of well-being which provides relief from many troubling symptoms and creates solutions to today's common modern life problems.
(510) 788-2862 View (510) 788-2862
Photo of Kathy Southard, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kathy Southard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94578
Kathy Southard LCSW has been in practice for over 20 years. A graduate of Boston University, she is a former member of a Harvard Medical School teaching hospital's psychiatry department. Kathy has experience working with the following modalities: EMDR, CBT, Mindfulness-Based Approaches, Mentalization Based Therapy. Additionally, Kathy is a MAPS trainee therapist, learning more about IFS and somatic methods for healing. My theoretical approach is a mix of psychodynamic, CBT, EMDR, and mindfulness. I am influenced by eastern approaches to psychology and spirituality. There is no way out, but through.
Kathy Southard LCSW has been in practice for over 20 years. A graduate of Boston University, she is a former member of a Harvard Medical School teaching hospital's psychiatry department. Kathy has experience working with the following modalities: EMDR, CBT, Mindfulness-Based Approaches, Mentalization Based Therapy. Additionally, Kathy is a MAPS trainee therapist, learning more about IFS and somatic methods for healing. My theoretical approach is a mix of psychodynamic, CBT, EMDR, and mindfulness. I am influenced by eastern approaches to psychology and spirituality. There is no way out, but through.
(510) 939-9110 View (510) 939-9110
Photo of Anna Livak Hale, LCSW, PMH-C, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Anna Livak Hale
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PMH-C
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94577  (Online Only)
I employ tools from a variety of therapeutic modalities as appropriate, including CBT, ACT, IFS, and somatic work.
I view therapy as a collaborative effort with my clients- you bring a desire to work on yourself, with all your strengths as well as challenges; I bring a warm, respectful, and clinically experienced therapy style that recognizes your inherent worth and capacity. We will work together to explore, understand, and support your healing journey using a variety of tools, collaborating to meet your needs. I welcome LGBTQIA+ folks, I am Kink positive, and believe in cultural humility and health at every size. I use a holistic approach that honors my client's innate healing wisdom- from mind, body, and spirit.
I employ tools from a variety of therapeutic modalities as appropriate, including CBT, ACT, IFS, and somatic work.
I view therapy as a collaborative effort with my clients- you bring a desire to work on yourself, with all your strengths as well as challenges; I bring a warm, respectful, and clinically experienced therapy style that recognizes your inherent worth and capacity. We will work together to explore, understand, and support your healing journey using a variety of tools, collaborating to meet your needs. I welcome LGBTQIA+ folks, I am Kink positive, and believe in cultural humility and health at every size. I use a holistic approach that honors my client's innate healing wisdom- from mind, body, and spirit.
(341) 999-3875 View (341) 999-3875
Photo of Mayra Ruelas-Ramirez, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mayra Ruelas-Ramirez
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94579
Hola! I am a bilingual LMFT. It is my priority to offer culturally responsive, social justice-oriented, LGBTQ+-affirming therapy that serve the unique needs of each client. Are you looking for a trauma-focused therapist that has experience working with individuals and families who have experienced single and or complex trauma events in childhood or adulthood and intergenerational trauma? I have experience working with trauma, family conflict, mood disorders, etc. I practice evidence-based treatments such as Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Internal Family Systems and can tailor other techniques based on your needs.
Hola! I am a bilingual LMFT. It is my priority to offer culturally responsive, social justice-oriented, LGBTQ+-affirming therapy that serve the unique needs of each client. Are you looking for a trauma-focused therapist that has experience working with individuals and families who have experienced single and or complex trauma events in childhood or adulthood and intergenerational trauma? I have experience working with trauma, family conflict, mood disorders, etc. I practice evidence-based treatments such as Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Internal Family Systems and can tailor other techniques based on your needs.
(341) 217-1188 View (341) 217-1188
Photo of Scott Moresi, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Scott Moresi
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Leandro, CA 94579  (Online Only)
If you’re looking for a Certified IFS Therapist who can help you heal from unresolved traumas that are keeping you from creating the best relationships and life possible, I congratulate you on your courage and commitment to create the change you seek.
Hi! Thanks for considering me as your therapist. Whether you’re struggling with a past trauma or current anxiety, depression, or a major life transition, I’ve been helping people learn to live the best life possible for well over a decade. My interest in mental health began as a young adult after going through countless hours of unsuccessful therapy sessions and deciding there has to be a better way! Unfortunately, people often pick a therapist "out of a hat.” But successful counseling and psychotherapy is largely determined not only by a particular therapist’s expertise, but by the rapport and trust you develop with your therapist.
If you’re looking for a Certified IFS Therapist who can help you heal from unresolved traumas that are keeping you from creating the best relationships and life possible, I congratulate you on your courage and commitment to create the change you seek.
Hi! Thanks for considering me as your therapist. Whether you’re struggling with a past trauma or current anxiety, depression, or a major life transition, I’ve been helping people learn to live the best life possible for well over a decade. My interest in mental health began as a young adult after going through countless hours of unsuccessful therapy sessions and deciding there has to be a better way! Unfortunately, people often pick a therapist "out of a hat.” But successful counseling and psychotherapy is largely determined not only by a particular therapist’s expertise, but by the rapport and trust you develop with your therapist.
(415) 942-8038 View (415) 942-8038
Photo of Ashli Bryant, LCPC
Ashli Bryant
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94577
My therapeutic approach to therapy is eclectic utilizing person-centered, psychoanalytic, cognitive behavioral, family systems, and attachment theory.
I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor; I prioritize guiding clients down the path to wholeness through the practices of healing and integrating all parts. I include processing shadow work, healing parental and childhood attachment wounds, ego dissolution, and reprogramming belief systems to become the highest version of self. I currently work with clients suffering from mild to severe depression, bipolar disorders, adjustment disorder, anxiety, PTSD, OCD, and addictive behaviors.
My therapeutic approach to therapy is eclectic utilizing person-centered, psychoanalytic, cognitive behavioral, family systems, and attachment theory.
I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor; I prioritize guiding clients down the path to wholeness through the practices of healing and integrating all parts. I include processing shadow work, healing parental and childhood attachment wounds, ego dissolution, and reprogramming belief systems to become the highest version of self. I currently work with clients suffering from mild to severe depression, bipolar disorders, adjustment disorder, anxiety, PTSD, OCD, and addictive behaviors.
(909) 359-6828 View (909) 359-6828
Photo of Roslyn Villalobos, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Roslyn Villalobos
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94577
Greetings- I feel that my role as a helper is strength-based & person-centered holistic approach. My strength as a helper in Anxiety, depression, ADHD, parenting challenges, trauma, addiction, life transitions, family systems, relationships, burnout, self-esteem, cultural adjustment, LGBTQ+, grief/loss, coping skills, mindfulness, and self-care. I'm ready to support you through your healing. Roslyn Villalobos LMFT 23951. As a helper, my therapeutic approach is to be strength-based & person-centered as well using a holistic approach.
Greetings- I feel that my role as a helper is strength-based & person-centered holistic approach. My strength as a helper in Anxiety, depression, ADHD, parenting challenges, trauma, addiction, life transitions, family systems, relationships, burnout, self-esteem, cultural adjustment, LGBTQ+, grief/loss, coping skills, mindfulness, and self-care. I'm ready to support you through your healing. Roslyn Villalobos LMFT 23951. As a helper, my therapeutic approach is to be strength-based & person-centered as well using a holistic approach.
(657) 837-5142 View (657) 837-5142
Photo of Paul Souza, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Paul Souza
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94578
I specialize in trauma using EMDR therapy and incorporate several modalities, such as Internal Family Systems, parts mapping, and DBT skills, to facilitate reprocessing past experiences.
I believe effective therapy is based on a good fit between the therapist and client that promotes safety and trust. I approach treatment through a psychodynamic lens to help people understand what brought them to this point. With this knowledge, a person can feel more empowered to make different choices to live the life they have envisioned. I am Jungian-informed, helping people to make sense of their dreams and find meaning in them.
I specialize in trauma using EMDR therapy and incorporate several modalities, such as Internal Family Systems, parts mapping, and DBT skills, to facilitate reprocessing past experiences.
I believe effective therapy is based on a good fit between the therapist and client that promotes safety and trust. I approach treatment through a psychodynamic lens to help people understand what brought them to this point. With this knowledge, a person can feel more empowered to make different choices to live the life they have envisioned. I am Jungian-informed, helping people to make sense of their dreams and find meaning in them.
(916) 848-2317 View (916) 848-2317
Photo of Theresa Ann Razzano, LMFT, CRC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Theresa Ann Razzano
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CRC
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94577
I have begun training on Internal Family Systems, and have training and education in drug and alcohol and family systems settings.
What's happening in your life today? How can I help you feel better about yourself and your future? Sometimes painful life experiences get in the way of taking charge of our lives. For some, depression, anxiety or trauma can make you feel stuck. Others want to figure out why their interpersonal relationships are conflicted and stressful or that they still haven't met the person they want to be with. Therapy is such a useful experience to get things out of your head and into the room, where we work together to figure out what's in the way of happiness, while creating a plan for going forward.
I have begun training on Internal Family Systems, and have training and education in drug and alcohol and family systems settings.
What's happening in your life today? How can I help you feel better about yourself and your future? Sometimes painful life experiences get in the way of taking charge of our lives. For some, depression, anxiety or trauma can make you feel stuck. Others want to figure out why their interpersonal relationships are conflicted and stressful or that they still haven't met the person they want to be with. Therapy is such a useful experience to get things out of your head and into the room, where we work together to figure out what's in the way of happiness, while creating a plan for going forward.
(510) 660-0136 View (510) 660-0136
Photo of Vaughn L Baker, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Vaughn L Baker
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94577
I am a thought leader and teacher and I share the knowledge I have acquired through formal education and life experience. I view therapy as a spiritual path to expand, grow, and evolve as a human being. I will guide you to an awareness and understanding of your thoughts and underlying beliefs which contribute to your actions and decision making. I use a holistic approach that is warm and supportive for Individuals, couples, families and other forms of relationships. Together we'll establish an environment for you to develop the strengths and strategies which will guide you to goal achievement.
I am a thought leader and teacher and I share the knowledge I have acquired through formal education and life experience. I view therapy as a spiritual path to expand, grow, and evolve as a human being. I will guide you to an awareness and understanding of your thoughts and underlying beliefs which contribute to your actions and decision making. I use a holistic approach that is warm and supportive for Individuals, couples, families and other forms of relationships. Together we'll establish an environment for you to develop the strengths and strategies which will guide you to goal achievement.
(510) 573-7314 View (510) 573-7314
Photo of Joanna Zygmont - Health and Wellness Psychology, PsyD, LMFT, LCSW, AMFT, ACSW, Psychologist
Health and Wellness Psychology
Psychologist, PsyD, LMFT, LCSW, AMFT, ACSW
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94577
No longer alone. We are here with you. In life, we experience different events, such as the recent pandemic, financial stress, overwhelming anxiety and pressure, the loss of a loved one, the unexpected divorce, a difficult birth, etc. and adjust the best we can, using our strengths and supports. We mostly do well. However, sometimes our coping strategies are insufficient to achieve our long term goals and heal our emotional and/or relationship wounds. You turn to others for support and guidance, such as family, friends, religious and ethnic community, and sometimes, you want to go deeper within yourself to seek out the answers.
No longer alone. We are here with you. In life, we experience different events, such as the recent pandemic, financial stress, overwhelming anxiety and pressure, the loss of a loved one, the unexpected divorce, a difficult birth, etc. and adjust the best we can, using our strengths and supports. We mostly do well. However, sometimes our coping strategies are insufficient to achieve our long term goals and heal our emotional and/or relationship wounds. You turn to others for support and guidance, such as family, friends, religious and ethnic community, and sometimes, you want to go deeper within yourself to seek out the answers.
(341) 222-3866 View (341) 222-3866
Photo of Ada Karlstrand, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ada Karlstrand
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Leandro, CA 94577  (Online Only)
I specialize in empowering individuals to break free from barriers that hold them back from achieving their full potential. Together, we'll bravely address past pain and trauma, work with your stuck parts, and cultivate enduring positive change. My approach focuses on amplifying your innate strength and wisdom, nurturing patience as you evolve. By gaining new insights and enhancing self-care practices, we'll guide you towards embracing your fullest self.
I specialize in empowering individuals to break free from barriers that hold them back from achieving their full potential. Together, we'll bravely address past pain and trauma, work with your stuck parts, and cultivate enduring positive change. My approach focuses on amplifying your innate strength and wisdom, nurturing patience as you evolve. By gaining new insights and enhancing self-care practices, we'll guide you towards embracing your fullest self.
(341) 888-7510 View (341) 888-7510
Photo of Elizabeth Haughey, LPCC, Counselor
Elizabeth Haughey
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94578
My name is Eliza Haughey, LPCC. I see the therapeutic alliance as the most important part of therapy. People need to feel safe, seen, and heard. A therapist should be a confidant and empower clients to feel comfortable sharing the experiences they are going through, from the profound to the mundane. I work with depression, anxiety, life changes and adjustment issues, addiction, eating disorders, and trauma.
My name is Eliza Haughey, LPCC. I see the therapeutic alliance as the most important part of therapy. People need to feel safe, seen, and heard. A therapist should be a confidant and empower clients to feel comfortable sharing the experiences they are going through, from the profound to the mundane. I work with depression, anxiety, life changes and adjustment issues, addiction, eating disorders, and trauma.
(510) 640-8821 View (510) 640-8821
Photo of Louisa Lurkis, PhD, Psychologist
Louisa Lurkis
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94577
There is no way around the fact that life throws ongoing curve balls, and sometimes those balls feel enormously overwhelming. I see therapy as a means to help people move through their suffering and finds better ways to experience their life and develop aspects of their brain that equip them to feel more joy, inner comfort, inner integration and meaning. I work empathically to build awareness of repetitive patterns, gain relief from emotional pain and help build deeper connections to oneself and others. My careful use of attunement and connecting one's core self to younger "parts" of the mind creates deep change.
There is no way around the fact that life throws ongoing curve balls, and sometimes those balls feel enormously overwhelming. I see therapy as a means to help people move through their suffering and finds better ways to experience their life and develop aspects of their brain that equip them to feel more joy, inner comfort, inner integration and meaning. I work empathically to build awareness of repetitive patterns, gain relief from emotional pain and help build deeper connections to oneself and others. My careful use of attunement and connecting one's core self to younger "parts" of the mind creates deep change.
(760) 642-1560 View (760) 642-1560
Photo of Stefani Hadley, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Stefani Hadley
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94578
A former journalist, I have a natural curiosity about people and am able to appreciate and embrace those from all cultures. I specialize in diverse populations including at-risk youth,victims of violence and adults who struggle with anger or behavioral issues due to past experiences or traumas. I utilize CBT, DBT and TF-CBT in most of my practice and am very direct, but always feel that a humanistic approach is the key to reaching a person with authenticity and genuine curiosity. I believe in second chances and that everyone deserves a voice in this world.
A former journalist, I have a natural curiosity about people and am able to appreciate and embrace those from all cultures. I specialize in diverse populations including at-risk youth,victims of violence and adults who struggle with anger or behavioral issues due to past experiences or traumas. I utilize CBT, DBT and TF-CBT in most of my practice and am very direct, but always feel that a humanistic approach is the key to reaching a person with authenticity and genuine curiosity. I believe in second chances and that everyone deserves a voice in this world.
(707) 985-3799 View (707) 985-3799
Photo of Alexandra Duran, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Alexandra Duran
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94577
Hello, my name Is Alexandra (Ali) Duran, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) and Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) based in Fresno, California and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I help adolescents and adults who struggle with depression and anxiety learn to regulate their challenging emotions, develop new life skills, process their history of trauma/loss, and find joy and meaning in life. I also help couples strengthen their bond with one another, improve their overall communication, and explore their joint needs, responsibilities, and dreams/goals for the future.
Hello, my name Is Alexandra (Ali) Duran, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) and Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) based in Fresno, California and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I help adolescents and adults who struggle with depression and anxiety learn to regulate their challenging emotions, develop new life skills, process their history of trauma/loss, and find joy and meaning in life. I also help couples strengthen their bond with one another, improve their overall communication, and explore their joint needs, responsibilities, and dreams/goals for the future.
(562) 561-2738 View (562) 561-2738
Photo of Juanita Smith, LCPC, Counselor
Juanita Smith
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Leandro, CA 94578
I am a highly experienced Licensed Clinical Therapist with over 20 years of practice in Illinois, Texas, California, and Nebraska. Throughout my career, I have successfully helped numerous individuals and families navigate life's challenges, including personal, peer, work, school, and family-related issues. With a strong foundation in strength-based and client-centered principles, I prioritize collaboration and active participation between myself and my clients. By fostering a supportive and empowering therapeutic environment, we work together to identify strengths, overcome obstacles, and create positive change.
I am a highly experienced Licensed Clinical Therapist with over 20 years of practice in Illinois, Texas, California, and Nebraska. Throughout my career, I have successfully helped numerous individuals and families navigate life's challenges, including personal, peer, work, school, and family-related issues. With a strong foundation in strength-based and client-centered principles, I prioritize collaboration and active participation between myself and my clients. By fostering a supportive and empowering therapeutic environment, we work together to identify strengths, overcome obstacles, and create positive change.
(831) 604-2645 View (831) 604-2645
Photo of Sik-Lam Wong, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Sik-Lam Wong
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Leandro, CA 94577
Do you feel anxious and overwhelmed? Are you on an endless treadmill of conflicts, or under the grip of anger, depression or trauma from the past? I work with individuals and couples on emotional and relationship issues, helping them resolve issues from the past that are affecting their present. Perhaps I can help you resolve your issues also.
Do you feel anxious and overwhelmed? Are you on an endless treadmill of conflicts, or under the grip of anger, depression or trauma from the past? I work with individuals and couples on emotional and relationship issues, helping them resolve issues from the past that are affecting their present. Perhaps I can help you resolve your issues also.
(510) 500-8567 View (510) 500-8567
Photo of Claire Marie Crosetti, MA, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Claire Marie Crosetti
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Leandro, CA 94578
I work with individuals, couples and adolescents and their families on a wide array of issues including life transitions, improving relationships, depression, anxiety, grief and loss, forgiveness, women's issues and couples struggling with infertility. Therapy can be both a rewarding and rejuvinating process. My style is one of partnering with compassion and respect. Together we can improve your relationships, well being and hopefullness. By compassionately looking at your life we can uncover patterns that are inhibiting the attainment of your life goals.
I work with individuals, couples and adolescents and their families on a wide array of issues including life transitions, improving relationships, depression, anxiety, grief and loss, forgiveness, women's issues and couples struggling with infertility. Therapy can be both a rewarding and rejuvinating process. My style is one of partnering with compassion and respect. Together we can improve your relationships, well being and hopefullness. By compassionately looking at your life we can uncover patterns that are inhibiting the attainment of your life goals.
(925) 336-3329 View (925) 336-3329
Photo of Joy Lee Johnson, PsyD, Psychologist
Joy Lee Johnson
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Leandro, CA 94577
Joy provides families with survival tools and peace of mind to successfully accomplish the monumental task of raising kids and a family - a task that came without an instruction manual and changes at every turn. While she doesn't claim to know every particular circumstance, she has a reputation for respecting, honoring, and supporting people from a wide variety of life experiences. Joy has the ability to not just understand but FEEL your struggle without judgment.
Joy provides families with survival tools and peace of mind to successfully accomplish the monumental task of raising kids and a family - a task that came without an instruction manual and changes at every turn. While she doesn't claim to know every particular circumstance, she has a reputation for respecting, honoring, and supporting people from a wide variety of life experiences. Joy has the ability to not just understand but FEEL your struggle without judgment.
(510) 756-2926 View (510) 756-2926
1

Internal Family Systems (IFS) Therapists

What is Internal Family Systems therapy?

Internal Family Systems (IFS) is a type of talk therapy that focuses on sub-personalities, or “families,” within a person, which may be made up of wounded parts and unpleasant emotions like anger and shame. These sub-personalities can come into conflict with each other and with an individual’s core Self, leaving the person feeling detached from positive traits such as the “8 C’s” of confidence, calmness, creativity, clarity, curiosity, courage, compassion, and connectedness. By healing a patient’s wounded parts, a therapist aims to restore balance and bring on positive change.

How does Internal Family Systems therapy work?

An IFS therapist will work with a patient to identify their particular sub-personalities, recognize the emotions powering them, and release them. By doing so, the patient should become more able to address any underlying problems their sub-personalities may have been trying to protect them from. Ultimately, a patient discovers ways to manage internal and external conflicts on their own, through techniques such as relaxation exercises, journaling, and making charts depicting the relationships between their core Self and their distinct parts.

Does Internal Family Systems therapy work?

IFS therapy has been shown to help people address conditions such as depression, anxiety, panic, fears and phobias, trauma, and substance use disorders. Some research has also found that it can help individuals deal with symptoms of physical health conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, such as pain, everyday functioning, depressive feelings, and low self-compassion. There are some conditions for which IFS treatment, specifically discussions of one’s “parts,” may be less appropriate, such as schizophrenia or other states that involve psychosis or paranoia.

How long does Internal Family Systems therapy take?

As with most forms of talk therapy, there is no set duration or end point for IFS therapy. After becoming comfortable with a therapist and the core concepts of IFS, some patients quickly make progress. While experiences vary, most will find that it is a relatively longer-term therapy, involving months and sometimes years of sessions.