Attachment-based Therapists in San Jose, CA

Photo of Aroosha Sanchez - Aroosha Sanchez Marriage and Family Therapist , LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Aroosha Sanchez Marriage and Family Therapist
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95125  (Online Only)
Do you feel stuck? with compassion and empathy, I will guide you toward healing and growth to navigate life’s challenges, relationships, underlying traumas when appropriate and unhealthy family dynamics. I provide trauma-informed care to address root causes of anxieties, promote self-awareness and increase attunement in relationships while helping you gain tools to confront daily stressors and life transitions so you can thrive in your journey towards well-being. I am passionate about my work with women’s mental health, immigration-acculturation challenges, and parents struggling with bonding or those coping with a new diagnosis.
Do you feel stuck? with compassion and empathy, I will guide you toward healing and growth to navigate life’s challenges, relationships, underlying traumas when appropriate and unhealthy family dynamics. I provide trauma-informed care to address root causes of anxieties, promote self-awareness and increase attunement in relationships while helping you gain tools to confront daily stressors and life transitions so you can thrive in your journey towards well-being. I am passionate about my work with women’s mental health, immigration-acculturation challenges, and parents struggling with bonding or those coping with a new diagnosis.
(650) 405-1396 View (650) 405-1396
Photo of Michelle Gentle, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Michelle Gentle
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95122
Hi, my name is Michelle Gentle. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Orange County, California working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and I’m passionate about supporting clients during whatever life challenges arise. I am LGBTQ+ affirming. My approach to therapy is holistic and varies based on the needs of each client I work with. I utilize a trauma-informed, developmental, and attachment-based lens. Common modalities I use include are Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Somatic Therapy, and Narrative Therapy.
Hi, my name is Michelle Gentle. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Orange County, California working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and I’m passionate about supporting clients during whatever life challenges arise. I am LGBTQ+ affirming. My approach to therapy is holistic and varies based on the needs of each client I work with. I utilize a trauma-informed, developmental, and attachment-based lens. Common modalities I use include are Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Somatic Therapy, and Narrative Therapy.
(650) 457-5816 View (650) 457-5816
Photo of Vani Hariharan, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Vani Hariharan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95117
I believe that people are resilient and resourceful, capable of overcoming difficulties. Sometimes we get entangled in personal and relational patterns that can overwhelm our resources. I help clients identify these problematic patterns and empower them to break free from patterns that do not serve them well. I focus on my client's interpersonal relationships and relationships with larger social systems. I have experience working with children, teens, families, and couples on several issues, including family and couple distress, trauma, and various presentations of anxiety and depression through a systemic and attachment-based lens.
I believe that people are resilient and resourceful, capable of overcoming difficulties. Sometimes we get entangled in personal and relational patterns that can overwhelm our resources. I help clients identify these problematic patterns and empower them to break free from patterns that do not serve them well. I focus on my client's interpersonal relationships and relationships with larger social systems. I have experience working with children, teens, families, and couples on several issues, including family and couple distress, trauma, and various presentations of anxiety and depression through a systemic and attachment-based lens.
(650) 374-0238 View (650) 374-0238
Photo of Jose Luna, ASW, EMDR
Jose Luna
Associate Clinical Social Worker, ASW, EMDR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95129  (Online Only)
My therapeutic approach mainly focuses on helping my clients identify their strengths to help alleviate anxiety, depression, and trauma. I am a firm believer that our childhood experiences contribute to our beliefs, behavioral patterns, and selecting a romantic partner. Therapy is a process! To allow ourselves to be intimate and vulnerable with someone about our experiences and trauma can be daunting. As a therapist, it is my goal to help validate, create a safe environment and help understand aspects of lived experiences.
My therapeutic approach mainly focuses on helping my clients identify their strengths to help alleviate anxiety, depression, and trauma. I am a firm believer that our childhood experiences contribute to our beliefs, behavioral patterns, and selecting a romantic partner. Therapy is a process! To allow ourselves to be intimate and vulnerable with someone about our experiences and trauma can be daunting. As a therapist, it is my goal to help validate, create a safe environment and help understand aspects of lived experiences.
(650) 679-7121 View (650) 679-7121
Photo of Olivia Oliveros, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Olivia Oliveros
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95129
I also utilize an attachment-based perspective, especially when working with children.
I have significant experience working with youth that have complex needs ranging from Mood Disorders to Post Traumatic Stress. While the majority of my work is with children and youth, I am available to support the entire family system with concerns that may include family conflict, parenting, and couples.
I also utilize an attachment-based perspective, especially when working with children.
I have significant experience working with youth that have complex needs ranging from Mood Disorders to Post Traumatic Stress. While the majority of my work is with children and youth, I am available to support the entire family system with concerns that may include family conflict, parenting, and couples.
(213) 397-0838 View (213) 397-0838
Photo of Dulce Reyes, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Dulce Reyes
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95124
Hi there, I'm Dulce Reyes, a Marriage & Family Therapist. I'm a bilingual therapist (English and Spanish) who has helped people with anxiety, depression, self esteem, bipolar disorder, borderline personality, relationship issues, life transitions, substance use, trauma, PTSD, and more. I use techniques from cognitive behavioral (CBT), dialectical behavioral (DBT), mindfulness-based, attachment-based, client centered, EMDR, and motivational interviewing modalities. Together, we will construct new, healthier, and more empowered narratives to find your inner voice, rewrite your story, heal, and discover your worth and value.
Hi there, I'm Dulce Reyes, a Marriage & Family Therapist. I'm a bilingual therapist (English and Spanish) who has helped people with anxiety, depression, self esteem, bipolar disorder, borderline personality, relationship issues, life transitions, substance use, trauma, PTSD, and more. I use techniques from cognitive behavioral (CBT), dialectical behavioral (DBT), mindfulness-based, attachment-based, client centered, EMDR, and motivational interviewing modalities. Together, we will construct new, healthier, and more empowered narratives to find your inner voice, rewrite your story, heal, and discover your worth and value.
(909) 310-1345 View (909) 310-1345
Photo of Maryam Ashraf, LCSW, EMDR, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Maryam Ashraf
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EMDR
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95129
Do you find yourself struggling with anxiety, depression, grief, self-esteem, identity, and difficult life transitions? Do you find yourself feeling stuck and can’t seem to focus or move forward? There are many ways to get unstuck, and this is the work I love to do to help you heal, grow and live a more fulfilling life. I use an integrative approach including attachment-based work, DBT, CBT, IFS, and mindfulness, bringing in each as needed. Above all, I strive to hold space and empathy for your life experience.
Do you find yourself struggling with anxiety, depression, grief, self-esteem, identity, and difficult life transitions? Do you find yourself feeling stuck and can’t seem to focus or move forward? There are many ways to get unstuck, and this is the work I love to do to help you heal, grow and live a more fulfilling life. I use an integrative approach including attachment-based work, DBT, CBT, IFS, and mindfulness, bringing in each as needed. Above all, I strive to hold space and empathy for your life experience.
(650) 643-5603 View (650) 643-5603
Photo of Dr. Fukiko Shibahara, PsyD, CEIM, Psychologist
Dr. Fukiko Shibahara
Psychologist, PsyD, CEIM
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95110
Hello and welcome. My name is Dr. Fukiko Shibahara and I'm a licensed clinical psychologist. I offer relational and compassionate attachment-based psychotherapy and insights for individuals of all ages, including adult individuals, children, teens and caregivers with infants. Have you experienced trauma, difficult life events, loss, or conflicts and wanted to process them safely with a licensed professional? Are you concerned about your own or family's current or history of mental, behavioral, and relational health? Are you feeling like you need additional support right now as you navigate new roles or transitions in your life?
Hello and welcome. My name is Dr. Fukiko Shibahara and I'm a licensed clinical psychologist. I offer relational and compassionate attachment-based psychotherapy and insights for individuals of all ages, including adult individuals, children, teens and caregivers with infants. Have you experienced trauma, difficult life events, loss, or conflicts and wanted to process them safely with a licensed professional? Are you concerned about your own or family's current or history of mental, behavioral, and relational health? Are you feeling like you need additional support right now as you navigate new roles or transitions in your life?
(341) 766-0782 View (341) 766-0782
Photo of Kimberly Alvarez, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kimberly Alvarez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95123
I approach treatment from a Trauma-Informed, Cognitive Behavioral, Culturally Competent, mindfulness, attachment-based therapy approach and problem solving perspective, providing guidance and offering tools to help you along the way.
Hello, my name is Kimberly Alvarez. I am a Licensed Clinical Therapist with over 5 years experience. As a therapist, my passion is to support my clients to cultivate healthy long-lasting relationships with themselves and others while remaining authentic and empathic. My belief is that through self-love, boundaries, and awareness we can remove things from our lives that no longer serve us in order to create long lasting positive change. I am a first generation Mexican American, as a bilingual provider, I aspire to dismantle the stigma associated with mental health.
I approach treatment from a Trauma-Informed, Cognitive Behavioral, Culturally Competent, mindfulness, attachment-based therapy approach and problem solving perspective, providing guidance and offering tools to help you along the way.
Hello, my name is Kimberly Alvarez. I am a Licensed Clinical Therapist with over 5 years experience. As a therapist, my passion is to support my clients to cultivate healthy long-lasting relationships with themselves and others while remaining authentic and empathic. My belief is that through self-love, boundaries, and awareness we can remove things from our lives that no longer serve us in order to create long lasting positive change. I am a first generation Mexican American, as a bilingual provider, I aspire to dismantle the stigma associated with mental health.
(760) 965-7174 View (760) 965-7174
Photo of Amanda Gaddis, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Amanda Gaddis
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95110
My name is Amanda Gaddis and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I believe in a strength-based approach to solving problems, renewing hope, and building new skills. I believe everyone can benefit from feeling seen, heard, and understood and that finding a therapist you can connect with is an integral part of the therapeutic process. My approach is individualized to the needs of each client. I specialize in attachment-based approaches to support with trauma and complex trauma, as well as relationship difficulties and family conflicts.
My name is Amanda Gaddis and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I believe in a strength-based approach to solving problems, renewing hope, and building new skills. I believe everyone can benefit from feeling seen, heard, and understood and that finding a therapist you can connect with is an integral part of the therapeutic process. My approach is individualized to the needs of each client. I specialize in attachment-based approaches to support with trauma and complex trauma, as well as relationship difficulties and family conflicts.
(650) 643-5719 View (650) 643-5719
Photo of Cherise Arzaga, LCSW, 74795, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Cherise Arzaga
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, 74795
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95110  (Online Only)
Are you a driven person yet having difficulties managing your relationships, work stress, and family life? Are you feeling anxious or depressed? Do you need help getting through a traumatic event? Are you feeling like you’ve exhausted all your coping skills and nothing seems to work? From a trauma informed and attachment-based lens we will explore your core issues and help you improve your mental health and emotional well-being. You can heal from past trauma, learn to regulate your emotions, lift your mood, and communicate effectively. Together we'll work through unresolved feelings and patterns to live a more authentic life now.
Are you a driven person yet having difficulties managing your relationships, work stress, and family life? Are you feeling anxious or depressed? Do you need help getting through a traumatic event? Are you feeling like you’ve exhausted all your coping skills and nothing seems to work? From a trauma informed and attachment-based lens we will explore your core issues and help you improve your mental health and emotional well-being. You can heal from past trauma, learn to regulate your emotions, lift your mood, and communicate effectively. Together we'll work through unresolved feelings and patterns to live a more authentic life now.
(415) 619-5433 View (415) 619-5433
Photo of Tawny Weir, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Tawny Weir
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95116
I most frequently use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Acceptance Attachment-Based treatment and Emotionally Focused Therapy.
My name is Tawny Weir, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Rancho Cucamonga, California, and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and specialize in trauma, stress, anxiety, and depression, using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Attachment-Based treatment, and Emotionally Focused Therapy to help my clients make progress and start their healing journey. I have specialized in working with adults from BIPOC communities. I treat and provide individual and couples therapy. My area of focus is individuals who have experienced trauma, anxiety, depression, and mood disorders.
I most frequently use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Acceptance Attachment-Based treatment and Emotionally Focused Therapy.
My name is Tawny Weir, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Rancho Cucamonga, California, and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and specialize in trauma, stress, anxiety, and depression, using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Attachment-Based treatment, and Emotionally Focused Therapy to help my clients make progress and start their healing journey. I have specialized in working with adults from BIPOC communities. I treat and provide individual and couples therapy. My area of focus is individuals who have experienced trauma, anxiety, depression, and mood disorders.
(858) 786-1967 View (858) 786-1967
Photo of Debbie Lugtu, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Debbie Lugtu
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95126  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Debbie Grace Lugtu. I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and have my master's degree in counseling. I graduated from Palo Alto University in 2020 with Counseling Honor Society. I work from a strength-based and narrative therapy approach. In the first sessions, I highly focus on rapport building and listening to your narrative/story. Throughout our work, I use an attachment-based lens to figure out the underlying issue and where issue has stemmed from. I use narrative therapy to re-author your story. Alongside, I teach coping skills such as Mindfulness and CBT.
Hello, my name is Debbie Grace Lugtu. I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and have my master's degree in counseling. I graduated from Palo Alto University in 2020 with Counseling Honor Society. I work from a strength-based and narrative therapy approach. In the first sessions, I highly focus on rapport building and listening to your narrative/story. Throughout our work, I use an attachment-based lens to figure out the underlying issue and where issue has stemmed from. I use narrative therapy to re-author your story. Alongside, I teach coping skills such as Mindfulness and CBT.
(562) 784-4543 View (562) 784-4543
Photo of Max Zachai, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Max Zachai
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95111
I work to evoke my client's innate capacity for healing, utilizing Internal Family Systems as a framework to understand the impact of a client's experiences, while utilizing attachment-based modalities to provide the safety and security necessary for challenging therapeutic work.
My name is Max Anne Zachai, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Chico, CA, and working with clients throughout California via Telehealth. I have over four years of experience as a therapist at a domestic and sexual violence agency, serving clients from diverse backgrounds with high levels of trauma and crisis. In my private practice, I work with adults and teens (12 and up) on a broad range of presenting concerns. I believe in a collaborative approach, working with each client to develop a therapeutic style to meet their unique needs.
I work to evoke my client's innate capacity for healing, utilizing Internal Family Systems as a framework to understand the impact of a client's experiences, while utilizing attachment-based modalities to provide the safety and security necessary for challenging therapeutic work.
My name is Max Anne Zachai, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Chico, CA, and working with clients throughout California via Telehealth. I have over four years of experience as a therapist at a domestic and sexual violence agency, serving clients from diverse backgrounds with high levels of trauma and crisis. In my private practice, I work with adults and teens (12 and up) on a broad range of presenting concerns. I believe in a collaborative approach, working with each client to develop a therapeutic style to meet their unique needs.
(323) 996-2409 View (323) 996-2409
Photo of Jasmine Estrada, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jasmine Estrada
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95111
Exploring your attachment style using Attachment-Based Therapy is also key to creating and obtaining healthy relationships.
My name is Jasmine Estrada, I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I believe in meeting clients where they are at. I am committed to helping clients navigate difficult life situations and gain coping skills that will help them succeed. My focus areas include anxiety, depression, relationship issues, stress, coaching/coping skills, self-esteem, and life transitions. I use a Cognitive Behavioral Approach to address negative and distorted thinking patterns.
Exploring your attachment style using Attachment-Based Therapy is also key to creating and obtaining healthy relationships.
My name is Jasmine Estrada, I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I believe in meeting clients where they are at. I am committed to helping clients navigate difficult life situations and gain coping skills that will help them succeed. My focus areas include anxiety, depression, relationship issues, stress, coaching/coping skills, self-esteem, and life transitions. I use a Cognitive Behavioral Approach to address negative and distorted thinking patterns.
(951) 633-7197 View (951) 633-7197
Photo of Morgan Hancock | Anxiety Therapy, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Morgan Hancock | Anxiety Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95124
I'm a psychoanalytic/psychodynamic therapist, attachment-based, and person-centered.
I work with women and former athletes who are struggling with anxiety. Sometimes this includes issues with relationships, life transitions, grief, eating issues, sports performance, spirituality, self esteem, and codependency. You may be feeling not good enough, stuck in a toxic relationship, uncomfortable asking for help, scared of conflict, intimidated, taken advantage of. You can achieve, tough it out, and make other people happy, but aren’t really happy yourself.
I'm a psychoanalytic/psychodynamic therapist, attachment-based, and person-centered.
I work with women and former athletes who are struggling with anxiety. Sometimes this includes issues with relationships, life transitions, grief, eating issues, sports performance, spirituality, self esteem, and codependency. You may be feeling not good enough, stuck in a toxic relationship, uncomfortable asking for help, scared of conflict, intimidated, taken advantage of. You can achieve, tough it out, and make other people happy, but aren’t really happy yourself.
(408) 780-4644 View (408) 780-4644
Photo of Daniel C. Kim, MA, Marriage & Family Therapist
Daniel C. Kim
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95110  (Online Only)
I work through an attachment-based and trauma-informed framework - specifically, through the clinical models of Internal Family Systems (IFS) and EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing).
I work with clients who struggle with: unresolved emotional injury, trauma, self-worth, relational connection, mood/emotional problems, addictions, compulsive behaviors, and spiritual issues. I also work with members of the clergy (pastors, priests, missionaries, ministry leaders) who struggle with deep personal issues but lack a safe, nurturing space in which they may experience support and healing. My clients all seek and deserve healing in their lives and relationships.
I work through an attachment-based and trauma-informed framework - specifically, through the clinical models of Internal Family Systems (IFS) and EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing).
I work with clients who struggle with: unresolved emotional injury, trauma, self-worth, relational connection, mood/emotional problems, addictions, compulsive behaviors, and spiritual issues. I also work with members of the clergy (pastors, priests, missionaries, ministry leaders) who struggle with deep personal issues but lack a safe, nurturing space in which they may experience support and healing. My clients all seek and deserve healing in their lives and relationships.
(619) 304-5490 View (619) 304-5490
Photo of Marion Swenson, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Marion Swenson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Jose, CA 95148
My name is Marion Swenson. I am a licensed marriage and family therapist. My approach to therapy is to discover who my client is and how I may help them. My focus is to listen deeply to the heart of my client and to walk with them while on their healing journey. My approach to therapy is simply listening to my client and collaborating with them to attain their goal/goals. The theoretical approaches utilized in my practice are CBT, attachment-based, and family systems.
My name is Marion Swenson. I am a licensed marriage and family therapist. My approach to therapy is to discover who my client is and how I may help them. My focus is to listen deeply to the heart of my client and to walk with them while on their healing journey. My approach to therapy is simply listening to my client and collaborating with them to attain their goal/goals. The theoretical approaches utilized in my practice are CBT, attachment-based, and family systems.
(415) 715-1707 View (415) 715-1707
Photo of Adrienne Wilson, LMFT, MS, Marriage & Family Therapist
Adrienne Wilson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95109  (Online Only)
My therapy style is grounded in psychodynamic and attachment-based approaches, my areas of focus include treatment of; trauma, anxiety, and depression.
I value opportunities to connect with my clients in unique and creative ways through humor, a love of animals, art, and connecting with nature. Through art, writing, and creative outlets I believe we can heal, and work towards integrating the broken parts of self. My approach to the therapeutic process is collaborative and goal-driven. I see my role in clients' lives as one that is temporary; my goal is to equip you with the tools, insights, and renewed hope that will allow you to move forward without need for my help.
My therapy style is grounded in psychodynamic and attachment-based approaches, my areas of focus include treatment of; trauma, anxiety, and depression.
I value opportunities to connect with my clients in unique and creative ways through humor, a love of animals, art, and connecting with nature. Through art, writing, and creative outlets I believe we can heal, and work towards integrating the broken parts of self. My approach to the therapeutic process is collaborative and goal-driven. I see my role in clients' lives as one that is temporary; my goal is to equip you with the tools, insights, and renewed hope that will allow you to move forward without need for my help.
(805) 633-8022 View (805) 633-8022
Photo of Dr. Jessie Brown, PhD, MFT, MFT-S, Marriage & Family Therapist
Dr. Jessie Brown
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, MFT, MFT-S
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
San Jose, CA 95123
My approach is eclectic, though you will notice that I am primarily oriented from mindfulness, somatic, and attachment-based perspectives.
Are you and your partner stuck in a repeating conflict cycle? Are you struggling with intimacy? Would you like to feel more authentic or whole in connecting with your partner and others? I work with couples and individuals to create a warm and safe relationship where they can explore who they are, why they are, and what is in the way of their intimacy and thriving.
My approach is eclectic, though you will notice that I am primarily oriented from mindfulness, somatic, and attachment-based perspectives.
Are you and your partner stuck in a repeating conflict cycle? Are you struggling with intimacy? Would you like to feel more authentic or whole in connecting with your partner and others? I work with couples and individuals to create a warm and safe relationship where they can explore who they are, why they are, and what is in the way of their intimacy and thriving.
(415) 965-6173 View (415) 965-6173
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Attachment-based Therapists

Is attachment-based therapy the same as attachment therapy?

Attachment-based therapy may be confused with what is called “attachment therapy” (sometimes called “holding therapy”), a discredited and dangerous approach to treating children with attachment disorders, autism, or other mental health concerns. Attachment therapy—not attachment-based therapy—may involve restraining a child, forcing eye contact, and other coercive or abusive techniques. None of these practices are used in attachment-based therapy and the two modalities are in no way related.

What should I expect from attachment-based therapy?

Attachment-based therapy is based on attachment theory, which posits that children’s early relationships with their caregivers strongly influence their ability to navigate the world later in life. Thus, adults who seek attachment-based therapy should expect to deeply explore their childhood, identifying the dynamics or experiences that disrupted their attachment and the steps necessary to overcome challenges that arose as a result. Parents and children should expect to explore the possible factors that disrupted the parent-child relationship and work toward restoring trust and connection.

How long does attachment-based therapy last?

Certain forms of attachment-based therapy, especially those designed for parents and children, last for a set number of sessions; for example, Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up, a specific attachment-based approach for young children who have undergone early adversity, unfolds over 10 one-hour sessions. When attachment-based therapy is practiced on adults or combined with other modalities, it may not last a specific length of time; clients may wish to ask prospective therapists how long they expect treatment to take.

Does attachment-based therapy work?

Most of the research on attachment-based therapy focuses on children and adolescents. Some of this research shows a positive effect, especially for attachment-based family therapy (ABFT). Other studies, however, have found that attachment-based therapy is no more effective than other approaches to childhood depression, anxiety, or suicidality. Less is known about the therapy’s efficacy on adult populations.