Trauma and PTSD Therapists in San Francisco, CA

See all therapists in San Francisco
Photo of Juliet Baxter, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in San Francisco, CA
Juliet Baxter
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94109  (Online Only)
As a trauma-informed somatic psychotherapist, I help people gain tools to manage their anxiety.
Do you struggle with anxiety and people pleasing tendencies that affect your ability to function and your relationships? Do you feel paralyzed by the fear of doing the "wrong" thing. Do you wonder if navigating decisions could be easier? Now more than ever, people are feeling anxious and overwhelmed by having to manage their careers, relationships, and general life obstacles.
As a trauma-informed somatic psychotherapist, I help people gain tools to manage their anxiety.
Do you struggle with anxiety and people pleasing tendencies that affect your ability to function and your relationships? Do you feel paralyzed by the fear of doing the "wrong" thing. Do you wonder if navigating decisions could be easier? Now more than ever, people are feeling anxious and overwhelmed by having to manage their careers, relationships, and general life obstacles.
(628) 237-4464 View (628) 237-4464
Photo of Svenson Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Svenson Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94118
If your child has experienced trauma & dissociation, they may have trouble managing their feelings, communicating their needs, or be using challenging behaviors. The world can feel scary to the traumatized child, so it's hard for them to communicate. They often cope in ways that were the best solution during the trauma, but no longer fit current circumstances, and which seem confusing or destructive. I see it as my job to help your child explore their inner world, so, through the language of play, they can learn how to express emotions, solve problems, & get needs met in healthy ways that fit the present!
If your child has experienced trauma & dissociation, they may have trouble managing their feelings, communicating their needs, or be using challenging behaviors. The world can feel scary to the traumatized child, so it's hard for them to communicate. They often cope in ways that were the best solution during the trauma, but no longer fit current circumstances, and which seem confusing or destructive. I see it as my job to help your child explore their inner world, so, through the language of play, they can learn how to express emotions, solve problems, & get needs met in healthy ways that fit the present!
(628) 227-6135 View (628) 227-6135
Photo of Sterling Walker, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in San Francisco, CA
Sterling Walker
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114
Throughout our lives, we all have experienced feelings of depression, anxiety, and anger. These emotions leave you feeling insecure, shameful, lonely, unworthy and stuck in unhealthy patterns of behavior. Trauma can have negative emotional and physical effects and can lead to family/relationship issues. I specialize in solution-focused brief therapy, motivational interviewing, mindfulness and CBT. These approaches allow me to work with the client to decrease symptoms of anxiety and depression and other health/behavioral issues.
Throughout our lives, we all have experienced feelings of depression, anxiety, and anger. These emotions leave you feeling insecure, shameful, lonely, unworthy and stuck in unhealthy patterns of behavior. Trauma can have negative emotional and physical effects and can lead to family/relationship issues. I specialize in solution-focused brief therapy, motivational interviewing, mindfulness and CBT. These approaches allow me to work with the client to decrease symptoms of anxiety and depression and other health/behavioral issues.
(415) 980-8479 View (415) 980-8479
Photo of Kiley Lizama, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Kiley Lizama
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94105  (Online Only)
I specialize in multicultural counseling focused on racial identity, life transitions, and trauma. I work with you through a variety of challenges including anxiety, PTSD, cultural assimilation, and depression. I’m a big fan of real talk, understanding how systemic forms of oppression affect the mental health of BIPOC communities, & practicing self-compassion. I am honored to walk beside you on healing your journey and want to ensure you have a safe space to explore and strengthen who you are.
I specialize in multicultural counseling focused on racial identity, life transitions, and trauma. I work with you through a variety of challenges including anxiety, PTSD, cultural assimilation, and depression. I’m a big fan of real talk, understanding how systemic forms of oppression affect the mental health of BIPOC communities, & practicing self-compassion. I am honored to walk beside you on healing your journey and want to ensure you have a safe space to explore and strengthen who you are.
(408) 669-4629 View (408) 669-4629
Photo of Jonathan Mitchelmore, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Jonathan Mitchelmore
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94114
Waitlist for new clients
I work with adults and adolescents 15 and older who are struggling with depression, anxiety, trauma, and life transitions. I provide a relaxed, safe, and supportive environment to help you explore the challenges you are facing. I help you harness your own strengths in order to remove obstacles to your growth and healing.
I work with adults and adolescents 15 and older who are struggling with depression, anxiety, trauma, and life transitions. I provide a relaxed, safe, and supportive environment to help you explore the challenges you are facing. I help you harness your own strengths in order to remove obstacles to your growth and healing.
(415) 549-1647 View (415) 549-1647
Photo of Maureen Mccracken, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Maureen Mccracken
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94118
I also work with tools such as EMDR ( Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing), a process that helps you move through past trauma and stuck points.
Are you feeling stuck? Perhaps you're in the middle of one of life's "necessary changes," or struggling with starting on your path in the world, regarding purpose,meaning, and making a living. Perhaps you're trying to "reboot" after a loss, illness, or other life-changing experience, or trying to adjust and move forward in the midst of mid-life transition. As your therapist, I will meet you where you are at, and team up with you to create a life in which you find meaning, joy, and fulfillment.
I also work with tools such as EMDR ( Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing), a process that helps you move through past trauma and stuck points.
Are you feeling stuck? Perhaps you're in the middle of one of life's "necessary changes," or struggling with starting on your path in the world, regarding purpose,meaning, and making a living. Perhaps you're trying to "reboot" after a loss, illness, or other life-changing experience, or trying to adjust and move forward in the midst of mid-life transition. As your therapist, I will meet you where you are at, and team up with you to create a life in which you find meaning, joy, and fulfillment.
(415) 683-3077 View (415) 683-3077
Photo of Ivette Huerta, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Ivette Huerta
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94105  (Online Only)
I have been working with the adults, parents, and families for over 20 years. I want to provide helping hands through your journey with the goal of you finding your self-worth and self-awareness. Life causes anxiety and frustrations, but with my guidance you will develop and strengthen yourself into a healthy individual. Through practical individual therapy, a change in your relationship will unfold before your eyes. I believe in creating a safe space for a client and taking time for self-care. I have worked with adults and families who've struggled with depression, anxiety, and trauma.
I have been working with the adults, parents, and families for over 20 years. I want to provide helping hands through your journey with the goal of you finding your self-worth and self-awareness. Life causes anxiety and frustrations, but with my guidance you will develop and strengthen yourself into a healthy individual. Through practical individual therapy, a change in your relationship will unfold before your eyes. I believe in creating a safe space for a client and taking time for self-care. I have worked with adults and families who've struggled with depression, anxiety, and trauma.
(415) 729-2474 View (415) 729-2474
Photo of Jennifer Y Nam, Psychologist in San Francisco, CA
Jennifer Y Nam
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94102
I am a Stanford University-trained clinical psychologist with specialties in the treatment of mood disorders (depression and bipolar disorders), emotion dysregulation issues, anxiety disorders, relationship issues, grief, and in working with individuals struggling with trauma-related issues.
Therapy helps to improve lives in a meaningful way (have better relationships with friends, family members and partners, improve our self-esteem). I work to help you identify issues, problems and patterns, but also implement skills and tools make changes to these patterns. Most importantly, I offer a warm, compassionate, and collaborative environment, and I will work with you to tailor clinical interventions to fit your needs and goals.
I am a Stanford University-trained clinical psychologist with specialties in the treatment of mood disorders (depression and bipolar disorders), emotion dysregulation issues, anxiety disorders, relationship issues, grief, and in working with individuals struggling with trauma-related issues.
Therapy helps to improve lives in a meaningful way (have better relationships with friends, family members and partners, improve our self-esteem). I work to help you identify issues, problems and patterns, but also implement skills and tools make changes to these patterns. Most importantly, I offer a warm, compassionate, and collaborative environment, and I will work with you to tailor clinical interventions to fit your needs and goals.
(650) 300-4955 View (650) 300-4955
Photo of Irene Garcia, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Irene Garcia
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94105  (Online Only)
My specialties include individuals who may be experiencing depression, anxiety, emotional trauma, relationship/family distress, and issues related to cultural identity.
Whether this is your first time seeking therapy or not, I look forward to providing you with a comfortable, open, and safe space to explore and learn about yourself and areas or relationships that may be causing feelings of distress. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over 12 years of experience providing mental/behavioral health services to individuals in various stages of life. Everyone needs an open ear from time to time. I am here to help you navigate the areas you feel may benefit from increased support and insight, to improve your thoughts and feelings, through our work together.
My specialties include individuals who may be experiencing depression, anxiety, emotional trauma, relationship/family distress, and issues related to cultural identity.
Whether this is your first time seeking therapy or not, I look forward to providing you with a comfortable, open, and safe space to explore and learn about yourself and areas or relationships that may be causing feelings of distress. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over 12 years of experience providing mental/behavioral health services to individuals in various stages of life. Everyone needs an open ear from time to time. I am here to help you navigate the areas you feel may benefit from increased support and insight, to improve your thoughts and feelings, through our work together.
(415) 304-8794 View (415) 304-8794
Photo of Christi Gallon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Christi Gallon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114
I specialize in treating anxiety, depression, and trauma.
Are you hindered by anxiety, depression, or trauma, preventing you from expressing your authentic self? Do you find yourself trapped in navigating challenging family and relationship situations? Every minor issue now feels incredibly overwhelming, reopening past wounds and creating new ones. Despite attempting to bury the pain, it persists, leaving you feeling isolated and tormented. The constant exhaustion, stress, and anger make you question your resilience. Unsure of where to seek assistance, you don't have to endure this painful journey by yourself. I aim to assist you in achieving a more integrated and balanced sense of self.
I specialize in treating anxiety, depression, and trauma.
Are you hindered by anxiety, depression, or trauma, preventing you from expressing your authentic self? Do you find yourself trapped in navigating challenging family and relationship situations? Every minor issue now feels incredibly overwhelming, reopening past wounds and creating new ones. Despite attempting to bury the pain, it persists, leaving you feeling isolated and tormented. The constant exhaustion, stress, and anger make you question your resilience. Unsure of where to seek assistance, you don't have to endure this painful journey by yourself. I aim to assist you in achieving a more integrated and balanced sense of self.
(415) 818-9787 View (415) 818-9787
Photo of Thasja Hoffman, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Thasja Hoffman
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94117
Hello, my name is Thasja Hoffmann, I am an LMFT & LPCC trauma-focused therapist. I have had over 20 years of experience, and I still feel very passionate about what I do. My main approach to therapy is to slow your experience down and help you notice what you are experiencing through Meta-awareness modalities and Mindfulness. I also find Somatic and EMDR approaches very helpful in processing information. My foundation in how I work comes from Humanistic/ Existential Psychology.
Hello, my name is Thasja Hoffmann, I am an LMFT & LPCC trauma-focused therapist. I have had over 20 years of experience, and I still feel very passionate about what I do. My main approach to therapy is to slow your experience down and help you notice what you are experiencing through Meta-awareness modalities and Mindfulness. I also find Somatic and EMDR approaches very helpful in processing information. My foundation in how I work comes from Humanistic/ Existential Psychology.
(415) 429-2839 View (415) 429-2839
Photo of Kimberly Mascaro, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Kimberly Mascaro
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94102  (Online Only)
Welcome! Are you on a path for living a life of purpose and meaning? Allow me to support you. Come see me in my virtual therapy office! I'm known for my warm, relational approach and holistic, eclectic style, integrating talk therapy with mindfulness, expressive art, hypnotherapy, dreamwork, and more. I provide individualized care, personally tailored to your specific needs and desires. Currently, I'm serving a diverse adult population (primarily the 20s through the 50s) focusing on a variety of issues (creativity, spirituality, past trauma, adult ADHD, anxiety, postpartum, life transitions, grief/loss, as well as recovery).
Welcome! Are you on a path for living a life of purpose and meaning? Allow me to support you. Come see me in my virtual therapy office! I'm known for my warm, relational approach and holistic, eclectic style, integrating talk therapy with mindfulness, expressive art, hypnotherapy, dreamwork, and more. I provide individualized care, personally tailored to your specific needs and desires. Currently, I'm serving a diverse adult population (primarily the 20s through the 50s) focusing on a variety of issues (creativity, spirituality, past trauma, adult ADHD, anxiety, postpartum, life transitions, grief/loss, as well as recovery).
(530) 203-5874 View (530) 203-5874
Photo of Spiritual Unification Istitute of AIWP, Pastoral Counselor in San Francisco, CA
Spiritual Unification Istitute of AIWP
Pastoral Counselor, PhD, PC, FNCPC, FNCCCE, Counsel
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94118
When you have trauma, dealing with the past can be hard.
Do you have a relationship that needs improving? Do your career, business skills, performance, and money power need a boost? Are negativity and self-doubt sabotaging the very things you want to do ... stopping you before you begin? Is your creativity at a dead stop? Has your power of attraction tad the dust? Do you start projects and never finish? Do you want to increase your personal magnetism and attract the right kind of people in your life? Your goals are achievable and the possibilities are endless with Biblical Counseling and Hypnosis sessions. I am Certified COVID-19 and Behavioral Health
When you have trauma, dealing with the past can be hard.
Do you have a relationship that needs improving? Do your career, business skills, performance, and money power need a boost? Are negativity and self-doubt sabotaging the very things you want to do ... stopping you before you begin? Is your creativity at a dead stop? Has your power of attraction tad the dust? Do you start projects and never finish? Do you want to increase your personal magnetism and attract the right kind of people in your life? Your goals are achievable and the possibilities are endless with Biblical Counseling and Hypnosis sessions. I am Certified COVID-19 and Behavioral Health
(415) 524-7894 View (415) 524-7894
Photo of Jim Christrup, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Jim Christrup
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94114
I specialize in working with issues of anxiety, PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), Stress, panic, phobias, and OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) and I am a certified EMDR therapist, I now also offer Ketamine Assisted Therapy (KAP) in partnership with Journey Clinical to help move past places you might have gotten stuck in the past .
Are you struggling with anxiety, panic, phobias, OCD, stress, self-criticism, shyness, or excessive worry? My goal is to help you break out of old, unproductive ways of dealing with these problems and find more flexible and effective ways of responding and healing. I am an experienced and caring therapist who is supportive, engaged, and interactive. Together we focus on what matters most to you and help you move towards what you care about most deeply in your life.
I specialize in working with issues of anxiety, PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder), Stress, panic, phobias, and OCD (Obsessive Compulsive Disorder) and I am a certified EMDR therapist, I now also offer Ketamine Assisted Therapy (KAP) in partnership with Journey Clinical to help move past places you might have gotten stuck in the past .
Are you struggling with anxiety, panic, phobias, OCD, stress, self-criticism, shyness, or excessive worry? My goal is to help you break out of old, unproductive ways of dealing with these problems and find more flexible and effective ways of responding and healing. I am an experienced and caring therapist who is supportive, engaged, and interactive. Together we focus on what matters most to you and help you move towards what you care about most deeply in your life.
(415) 702-3775 View (415) 702-3775
Photo of Blanca Amaya, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Blanca Amaya
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94105  (Online Only)
I have been in the helping profession for over 10 years, working with adults using evidence-based and alternative practices. I work under a multicultural and trauma-informed lens that allows me to understand your individual needs and meet you where you are in your journey. Together we will focus on your currents needs and goals to help create trust within the therapeutic relationship. I specialize in helping individuals heal from trauma, PTSD, anxiety, and depression.
I have been in the helping profession for over 10 years, working with adults using evidence-based and alternative practices. I work under a multicultural and trauma-informed lens that allows me to understand your individual needs and meet you where you are in your journey. Together we will focus on your currents needs and goals to help create trust within the therapeutic relationship. I specialize in helping individuals heal from trauma, PTSD, anxiety, and depression.
(415) 329-3753 View (415) 329-3753
Photo of Laura DeSantis, Counselor in San Francisco, CA
Laura DeSantis
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94118
My specialties include trauma, dissociation, and anxiety, but I work with my clients on a variety of challenges.
People, life, and work are complex. It can be hard to find your way and define who you are. As a therapist, my goal is to foster a space for you to explore what you want for yourself and your life through introspection, healing, and acceptance of self. I offer an interactive style of therapy that emphasizes personal insight and self-compassion in order to identify harmful thought patterns and behaviors. Together, we will find an approach that helps you achieve your goals, whether you’re looking to heal from past experiences or cope with present challenges.
My specialties include trauma, dissociation, and anxiety, but I work with my clients on a variety of challenges.
People, life, and work are complex. It can be hard to find your way and define who you are. As a therapist, my goal is to foster a space for you to explore what you want for yourself and your life through introspection, healing, and acceptance of self. I offer an interactive style of therapy that emphasizes personal insight and self-compassion in order to identify harmful thought patterns and behaviors. Together, we will find an approach that helps you achieve your goals, whether you’re looking to heal from past experiences or cope with present challenges.
(628) 241-7672 View (628) 241-7672
Photo of Greg Garavanian, Psychologist in San Francisco, CA
Greg Garavanian
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94131
I have spent many years devoted to the study and treatment of trauma.
All too often emotional suffering feels familiar, a sense of being stuck in the same frustrating patterns. Talking about your struggles may provide some temporary relief, but may not produce the long-term change wanted. My approach involves a combination of practical techniques to help you alleviate your symptoms and using integrated mind-body modalities that offer the possibility of healing outside of the traditional "talking cure." Working together at the pace that feels right for you, we will help you connect to your core self, provide healing for the hurt parts of you and open new possibilities for your future.
I have spent many years devoted to the study and treatment of trauma.
All too often emotional suffering feels familiar, a sense of being stuck in the same frustrating patterns. Talking about your struggles may provide some temporary relief, but may not produce the long-term change wanted. My approach involves a combination of practical techniques to help you alleviate your symptoms and using integrated mind-body modalities that offer the possibility of healing outside of the traditional "talking cure." Working together at the pace that feels right for you, we will help you connect to your core self, provide healing for the hurt parts of you and open new possibilities for your future.
(415) 843-6231 View (415) 843-6231
Photo of Janelle De Veyra, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Janelle De Veyra
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114
Do you struggle with depression, anxiety, and trauma? Do you experience difficulties managing family and relationship issues? I believe that healing happens when we pay attention to all the parts that make us whole—our mind, body, and soul. The subconscious mind controls most of our reality and choices, so building awareness and active presence can improve the quality of daily living and assist in not only surviving but thriving through life. As an intuitive & holistic therapist, I will assist you in strengthening your inner psyche and developing new tools to manage negative feelings and thoughts.
Do you struggle with depression, anxiety, and trauma? Do you experience difficulties managing family and relationship issues? I believe that healing happens when we pay attention to all the parts that make us whole—our mind, body, and soul. The subconscious mind controls most of our reality and choices, so building awareness and active presence can improve the quality of daily living and assist in not only surviving but thriving through life. As an intuitive & holistic therapist, I will assist you in strengthening your inner psyche and developing new tools to manage negative feelings and thoughts.
(415) 877-4918 View (415) 877-4918
Photo of J. C. Chance, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
J. C. Chance
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94104
Becoming our most alive and authentic self is the goal of psychotherapy. If you are like many of the people that I work with, you have felt that being yourself wasn't accepted or valued in relationships, your family, or the world in general. In therapy, you have the opportunity to non-judgmentally challenge and change these learned beliefs and grow into your true self. I am especially interested in working with couples, relationship problems, anxiety, trauma, sex and sexuality, and LGBTQ.
Becoming our most alive and authentic self is the goal of psychotherapy. If you are like many of the people that I work with, you have felt that being yourself wasn't accepted or valued in relationships, your family, or the world in general. In therapy, you have the opportunity to non-judgmentally challenge and change these learned beliefs and grow into your true self. I am especially interested in working with couples, relationship problems, anxiety, trauma, sex and sexuality, and LGBTQ.
(415) 787-4872 View (415) 787-4872
Photo of Kadence Mitchell, Pre-Licensed Professional in San Francisco, CA
Kadence Mitchell
Pre-Licensed Professional, ASW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94115
As a Black, queer femme with mixed ancestry, I carry with me both a personal and professional understanding of the systems of oppression and domination that entangle with identity and wreak havoc in our lives. I have specific interest and experience working with those struggling with racial identity, sexual identity and gender identity; those healing from and finding their independence from/within dysfunctional family dynamics; folks who have been affected by intimate partner violence and dating violence; and those seeking to uncover patterns of intergenerational trauma within themselves and their family systems.
As a Black, queer femme with mixed ancestry, I carry with me both a personal and professional understanding of the systems of oppression and domination that entangle with identity and wreak havoc in our lives. I have specific interest and experience working with those struggling with racial identity, sexual identity and gender identity; those healing from and finding their independence from/within dysfunctional family dynamics; folks who have been affected by intimate partner violence and dating violence; and those seeking to uncover patterns of intergenerational trauma within themselves and their family systems.
(415) 360-3764 View (415) 360-3764

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Trauma and PTSD Therapists

When should I seek treatment for trauma?

Not everyone who undergoes trauma needs therapy to heal, but many do. If, after experiencing a traumatic event, you find yourself struggling with symptoms such as nightmares, dissociation, irritability, or emotional numbness—especially if these symptoms last more than a month and are severe enough to interfere with your daily functioning—you may benefit from seeking out therapy with a trauma-informed provider.

How long does trauma therapy take?

Different types of therapy for trauma unfold on different timelines. Prolonged exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy, for example, each take about three months, while trauma-informed CBT may last anywhere from 8 to 25 sessions. Other approaches, especially those that are less structured or that incorporate elements from multiple modalities, may be more open-ended, though many patients report feeling better within the first few months of treatment.

What happens if trauma is left untreated?

Unaddressed trauma can have serious—even devastating—effects on relationships, career, and day-to-day functioning. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can lead people to distrust or lash out at others, making it difficult to maintain intimate relationships; it can also trigger symptoms such as flashbacks or hyperreactivity that can interfere with a person’s ability to function effectively, personally and/or professionally. Some sufferers turn to drugs to find relief. Symptoms may lessen on their own with time, but there is no guarantee that PTSD will resolve on its own.

Can PTSD come back after treatment?

It is possible for PTSD symptoms to recur months or years after successful treatment. This is because, like most mental health disorders, it is not possible to “cure” PTSD, and stressful life events may cause symptoms to recur in even the most resilient individuals. There is no shame in re-experiencing PTSD symptoms nor in returning to therapy when such relapses occur; indeed, many forms of trauma therapy explicitly encourage periodic “maintenance sessions” to reinforce coping skills and ensure that symptoms stay manageable.