Psychodynamic Therapists in San Francisco, CA

Photo of Brooke Barnett, Psychologist in San Francisco, CA
Brooke Barnett
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94118
Drawing on psychodynamic and attachment theory, my approach is warm, relational and collaborative.
Through compassion, humor, and gentle challenge, I work to create a supportive environment to help individuals and families overcome temporary setbacks, heal old wounds, and change dysfunctional patterns. My areas of expertise include anxiety, interpersonal trauma, issues related to parenting, early childhood mental health, and disruptions in early attachment.
Drawing on psychodynamic and attachment theory, my approach is warm, relational and collaborative.
Through compassion, humor, and gentle challenge, I work to create a supportive environment to help individuals and families overcome temporary setbacks, heal old wounds, and change dysfunctional patterns. My areas of expertise include anxiety, interpersonal trauma, issues related to parenting, early childhood mental health, and disruptions in early attachment.
(415) 423-1107 View (415) 423-1107
Photo of Matthew Gould, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Matthew Gould
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94123
I use tools from psychodynamic therapies, solution focused therapy, cognitive based therapies, mindfulness based practices.
Life can be better... we can feel, think, and live more in alignment with the ways that we really want to. Psychotherapy is an effective tool that can help get us there. While friends can help relieve loneliness and various medications can ease symptoms, the process of psychotherapy helps us to change the way we experience and interact with our feelings and with the world around us. For the past 20 years I have had a full-time psychotherapy practice and have helped many individuals and couples activate potential and live fuller more rewarding lives.
I use tools from psychodynamic therapies, solution focused therapy, cognitive based therapies, mindfulness based practices.
Life can be better... we can feel, think, and live more in alignment with the ways that we really want to. Psychotherapy is an effective tool that can help get us there. While friends can help relieve loneliness and various medications can ease symptoms, the process of psychotherapy helps us to change the way we experience and interact with our feelings and with the world around us. For the past 20 years I have had a full-time psychotherapy practice and have helped many individuals and couples activate potential and live fuller more rewarding lives.
(415) 683-7410 View (415) 683-7410
Photo of Peter Bradley, Psychologist in San Francisco, CA
Peter Bradley
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I most often employ mindfulness based and cognitive-behavioral approaches to assist in the relief of severe symptoms (if they are present), and employ psychodynamic approaches for lasting change.
I have been a practicing psychologist since 1989 helping individuals and couples in emotional distress due to the common sources of adult unhappiness: divorce or romantic disappointment, family strife, alcohol or substance addiction, job stress, life transitions, chronic or life-threatening illness, and difficulties with aging. For couples I employ the Gottman approach to counseling, which is most useful for couples seeking to de-escalate arguments and/or recover from an affair. I also offer consulting and supervision services to psychotherapists and psychology students on a reduced fee basis.
I most often employ mindfulness based and cognitive-behavioral approaches to assist in the relief of severe symptoms (if they are present), and employ psychodynamic approaches for lasting change.
I have been a practicing psychologist since 1989 helping individuals and couples in emotional distress due to the common sources of adult unhappiness: divorce or romantic disappointment, family strife, alcohol or substance addiction, job stress, life transitions, chronic or life-threatening illness, and difficulties with aging. For couples I employ the Gottman approach to counseling, which is most useful for couples seeking to de-escalate arguments and/or recover from an affair. I also offer consulting and supervision services to psychotherapists and psychology students on a reduced fee basis.
(415) 324-4254 View (415) 324-4254
Photo of Carol Gomez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Carol Gomez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94105  (Online Only)
My therapeutic healing lens and orientation is embedded in Feminist Theory, Critical Race Theory, Liberation Psychology, somatic based healing, Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM), Strengths-based work, Narrative Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Relational Psychodynamic and EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing).
My foundational work and experience is rooted in decades of hands-on social justice, advocacy and community organizing work primarily with communities of color, immigrants, refugees, LGBTQ+ folx and survivors of partner violence, sexual violence and labor exploitation.
My therapeutic healing lens and orientation is embedded in Feminist Theory, Critical Race Theory, Liberation Psychology, somatic based healing, Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM), Strengths-based work, Narrative Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Relational Psychodynamic and EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing).
My foundational work and experience is rooted in decades of hands-on social justice, advocacy and community organizing work primarily with communities of color, immigrants, refugees, LGBTQ+ folx and survivors of partner violence, sexual violence and labor exploitation.
(415) 903-4648 View (415) 903-4648
Photo of Cristina Mariscal, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Cristina Mariscal
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94105  (Online Only)
My framework is based on client-centered, psychodynamic, trauma-informed, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy within a cultural lens.
I specialize in supporting adults, older teens, and couples facing difficult life transitions, relationship issues, intergenerational/ historical traumas, grief/loss, depression and anxiety. I provide support from a multicultural lens, taking into account physical, mental, spiritual, emotional wounds. My work is deeply rooted in empowering and supporting individuals on their journey of healing. I sit alongside them as they mend emotional/behavioral wounds and uncover inner strengths, insight and increase awareness about themselves.
My framework is based on client-centered, psychodynamic, trauma-informed, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy within a cultural lens.
I specialize in supporting adults, older teens, and couples facing difficult life transitions, relationship issues, intergenerational/ historical traumas, grief/loss, depression and anxiety. I provide support from a multicultural lens, taking into account physical, mental, spiritual, emotional wounds. My work is deeply rooted in empowering and supporting individuals on their journey of healing. I sit alongside them as they mend emotional/behavioral wounds and uncover inner strengths, insight and increase awareness about themselves.
(415) 749-9327 View (415) 749-9327
Photo of Laura Picard, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Laura Picard
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, 135100
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94109
I love incorporating framework from psychodynamic theory, cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy + internal family system or parts therapy.
Warm, open, and compassionate, I'd love to be your guide to holistic healing and transformation. With expertise in anxiety, trauma, and borderline personality disorder, I guide from a three prong approach considering the past, present and future. Rooted in a warm, eclectic approach, I'll help teach you evidence-based tools to reframe thoughts and regulate emotions, as well as explore root causes for symptom management including getting to know the different "parts" that make up each unique person. Let's empower you to achieve resilience and personal growth, leading to a more fulfilling future:)
I love incorporating framework from psychodynamic theory, cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy + internal family system or parts therapy.
Warm, open, and compassionate, I'd love to be your guide to holistic healing and transformation. With expertise in anxiety, trauma, and borderline personality disorder, I guide from a three prong approach considering the past, present and future. Rooted in a warm, eclectic approach, I'll help teach you evidence-based tools to reframe thoughts and regulate emotions, as well as explore root causes for symptom management including getting to know the different "parts" that make up each unique person. Let's empower you to achieve resilience and personal growth, leading to a more fulfilling future:)
(415) 877-9215 View (415) 877-9215
Photo of Marcia Weisbrot, Counselor in San Francisco, CA
Marcia Weisbrot
Counselor, LPCC, ATR, MA, MFA
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114  (Online Only)
Empathy is a keystone of the therapeutic relationship. It fosters a partnership between the two of us that promotes wellness, and a sense of safety and trust. Together, we collaborate in setting goals so that you develop insight and make meaningful changes in your life. Our work might include mindfulness for stress, cognitive behavioral therapy for depression and/or anxiety and psychodynamic work to uncover deeper issues. You might be struggling with life transitions, low self esteem, a recent loss or a creative block. We use a variety of approaches to help you get back on track.
Empathy is a keystone of the therapeutic relationship. It fosters a partnership between the two of us that promotes wellness, and a sense of safety and trust. Together, we collaborate in setting goals so that you develop insight and make meaningful changes in your life. Our work might include mindfulness for stress, cognitive behavioral therapy for depression and/or anxiety and psychodynamic work to uncover deeper issues. You might be struggling with life transitions, low self esteem, a recent loss or a creative block. We use a variety of approaches to help you get back on track.
(415) 475-0626 View (415) 475-0626
Photo of Ali Gunsberg, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Ali Gunsberg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MA
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114
I specialize in providing play therapy, psychodynamic therapy, behavioral modification and/or cognitive behavioral therapy for children, teens and families.
One of the most difficult aspects of being a parent is seeing your child in pain and feeling like there is nothing that you can do to help. Whether they feel the pain of depression, anxiety, loss, trauma, divorce or social and academic pressure, my expertise is in helping children connect with their inner strength and confidence. I support families in developing the communication skills necessary to allow children to grow and move forward in healthy ways. I believe all children are unique, and my goal is to help bring out the best in your child.
I specialize in providing play therapy, psychodynamic therapy, behavioral modification and/or cognitive behavioral therapy for children, teens and families.
One of the most difficult aspects of being a parent is seeing your child in pain and feeling like there is nothing that you can do to help. Whether they feel the pain of depression, anxiety, loss, trauma, divorce or social and academic pressure, my expertise is in helping children connect with their inner strength and confidence. I support families in developing the communication skills necessary to allow children to grow and move forward in healthy ways. I believe all children are unique, and my goal is to help bring out the best in your child.
(415) 295-4664 View (415) 295-4664
Photo of Chiaki Sasaki, Psychologist in San Francisco, CA
Chiaki Sasaki
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94115  (Online Only)
Since no one model fits all, I draw from psychodynamic depth psychology, CBT, mindfulness and integrative mental health based practices to address your unique emotional and mental health needs.
I am a licensed, clinical psychologist with over 15 years of experience. I have extensive experience in working with diverse clients, ranging from preschool age children to adults. I use a warm, collaborative approach to help people who are experiencing anxiety (including panic attacks), depression, burnout and career change, trauma, relationship problems and life transition. My primary concern is to assist each person to develop insights, clarity and tools to move towards emotionally fulfilling life and overall sense of well-being.
Since no one model fits all, I draw from psychodynamic depth psychology, CBT, mindfulness and integrative mental health based practices to address your unique emotional and mental health needs.
I am a licensed, clinical psychologist with over 15 years of experience. I have extensive experience in working with diverse clients, ranging from preschool age children to adults. I use a warm, collaborative approach to help people who are experiencing anxiety (including panic attacks), depression, burnout and career change, trauma, relationship problems and life transition. My primary concern is to assist each person to develop insights, clarity and tools to move towards emotionally fulfilling life and overall sense of well-being.
(415) 969-7244 View (415) 969-7244
Photo of Andrew G Meyer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Andrew G Meyer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Not Verified Not Verified
San Francisco, CA 94133
I provide compassionate, conscientious and meaningful psychotherapeutic treatment to individuals seeking to overcome difficult life circumstances, understand/manage emotions, or to those simply seeking self-growth or personal/career development. With twenty plus years as a practicing psychotherapist, having worked with diverse ethnicities, races, ages and sexual orientations, I have vast skills/resources and experience to offer/impart. My approaches/technique includes an eclectic mix of Psychodynamic, Cognitive Behavioral, Jungian, Gestaltian, and some Buddhist philosophy.
I provide compassionate, conscientious and meaningful psychotherapeutic treatment to individuals seeking to overcome difficult life circumstances, understand/manage emotions, or to those simply seeking self-growth or personal/career development. With twenty plus years as a practicing psychotherapist, having worked with diverse ethnicities, races, ages and sexual orientations, I have vast skills/resources and experience to offer/impart. My approaches/technique includes an eclectic mix of Psychodynamic, Cognitive Behavioral, Jungian, Gestaltian, and some Buddhist philosophy.
(628) 227-6193 View (628) 227-6193
Photo of Kelli Clark, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Kelli Clark
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94110  (Online Only)
In my clinical practice, I emphasize a psychodynamic approach to look at your past and present and how that may influence how you make decisions moving forward. I also use a relationship-based therapy approach with a strength-based frame to help you develop coping skills and protective factors against stressors and negative relationships. I do well with those who are experiencing symptoms of Depression, Anxiety and Somatic Mind-Body connection.
In my clinical practice, I emphasize a psychodynamic approach to look at your past and present and how that may influence how you make decisions moving forward. I also use a relationship-based therapy approach with a strength-based frame to help you develop coping skills and protective factors against stressors and negative relationships. I do well with those who are experiencing symptoms of Depression, Anxiety and Somatic Mind-Body connection.
(415) 573-1773 View (415) 573-1773
Photo of Tamara Tucker, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Tamara Tucker
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94109
My style is direct, transparent and positive. All work is supported by solid psychodynamic theory. I am comfortable with challenges. Most of my clients come in to address relationship issues, career and life-stage transitions, depression and anxiety. However, I have considerable experience in areas of disordered eating, addiction, and (Complex)PTSD. I believe that in order for successful transformational work to occur, the therapeutic relationship is central. Therefore, I offer an initial free 20 minute meeting to test for the ineffable 'fit.' I am a private practice out-of-network provider. WEBSITE: tamaratuckermft.com
My style is direct, transparent and positive. All work is supported by solid psychodynamic theory. I am comfortable with challenges. Most of my clients come in to address relationship issues, career and life-stage transitions, depression and anxiety. However, I have considerable experience in areas of disordered eating, addiction, and (Complex)PTSD. I believe that in order for successful transformational work to occur, the therapeutic relationship is central. Therefore, I offer an initial free 20 minute meeting to test for the ineffable 'fit.' I am a private practice out-of-network provider. WEBSITE: tamaratuckermft.com
(415) 799-8896 View (415) 799-8896
Photo of Jessica Hodge, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Jessica Hodge
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94105  (Online Only)
In my clinical practice, I emphasize a psychodynamic approach to look at your past and present and how that may influence how you make decisions.
I believe in walking with individuals through their life experiences in a non-judgmental manner. I believe people are not a product of life circumstances; therefore, they do not need to live in a self-punishing manner. I believe individuals can process past traumas and issues resulting in a more fulfilling life. Gaining personal insight and personal growth is a strength that will manifest and multiply in relationships. Working with people is my passion, and I believe your past does not define your future.
In my clinical practice, I emphasize a psychodynamic approach to look at your past and present and how that may influence how you make decisions.
I believe in walking with individuals through their life experiences in a non-judgmental manner. I believe people are not a product of life circumstances; therefore, they do not need to live in a self-punishing manner. I believe individuals can process past traumas and issues resulting in a more fulfilling life. Gaining personal insight and personal growth is a strength that will manifest and multiply in relationships. Working with people is my passion, and I believe your past does not define your future.
(415) 890-2567 View (415) 890-2567
Photo of Sarah Calloway, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Sarah Calloway
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114
People begin therapy for many reasons: support through grief and loss, divorce, gender and sexuality concerns, relationship conflict, crisis, addiction, deepening self-awareness. Whatever your reason for seeking help I will greet you with warmth, genuine interest and a commitment to working collaboratively throughout the process. I am a strengths-based and psychodynamic psychotherapist. My style is interactive, authentic and warm. I also incorporate DBT and CBT when evidence-based practices are needed. The methods I use in treatment vary in response to my clients' different concerns and needs.
People begin therapy for many reasons: support through grief and loss, divorce, gender and sexuality concerns, relationship conflict, crisis, addiction, deepening self-awareness. Whatever your reason for seeking help I will greet you with warmth, genuine interest and a commitment to working collaboratively throughout the process. I am a strengths-based and psychodynamic psychotherapist. My style is interactive, authentic and warm. I also incorporate DBT and CBT when evidence-based practices are needed. The methods I use in treatment vary in response to my clients' different concerns and needs.
(415) 801-3308 View (415) 801-3308
Photo of Estella Violet, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in San Francisco, CA
Estella Violet
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94114
As an integrative therapist, I draw from several therapeutic approaches, including Gestalt, existential, and psychodynamic, working to increase present-moment awareness while supporting clients in the process of integration and authentic connection with themselves, their histories, and their world.
I work with folks dealing with a variety of life challenges including anxiety, depression, shame, gender dysphoria, trauma, and low self-esteem. My clinical focus is working with members of the queer community, and I am particularly interested in working with transgender and gender non-conforming adults and adolescents and their families as well as individuals and partners involved in polyamorous and non-monogamous relationships. Therapy is a space for healing, but I believe that it is equally important that we center joy, growth, and resilience in this work as well.
As an integrative therapist, I draw from several therapeutic approaches, including Gestalt, existential, and psychodynamic, working to increase present-moment awareness while supporting clients in the process of integration and authentic connection with themselves, their histories, and their world.
I work with folks dealing with a variety of life challenges including anxiety, depression, shame, gender dysphoria, trauma, and low self-esteem. My clinical focus is working with members of the queer community, and I am particularly interested in working with transgender and gender non-conforming adults and adolescents and their families as well as individuals and partners involved in polyamorous and non-monogamous relationships. Therapy is a space for healing, but I believe that it is equally important that we center joy, growth, and resilience in this work as well.
(415) 610-4989 View (415) 610-4989
Photo of Erik Karff, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Erik Karff
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94114
My work is trauma-informed, LGBTQ+ affirming, and draws upon rich psychodynamic, somatic, transpersonal, and mindfulness-based theories and techniques.
There are many factors that can lead a person to therapy. Perhaps you’re experiencing a persistent feeling of fear, loneliness, or anxiety, but can’t quite put your finger on where it’s coming from. You may have experienced a recent change or loss of a loved one, relationship, or job that is profoundly impacting you. Or, it could be that the voice of your inner critic is so loud that they/she/he is all you hear.
My work is trauma-informed, LGBTQ+ affirming, and draws upon rich psychodynamic, somatic, transpersonal, and mindfulness-based theories and techniques.
There are many factors that can lead a person to therapy. Perhaps you’re experiencing a persistent feeling of fear, loneliness, or anxiety, but can’t quite put your finger on where it’s coming from. You may have experienced a recent change or loss of a loved one, relationship, or job that is profoundly impacting you. Or, it could be that the voice of your inner critic is so loud that they/she/he is all you hear.
(415) 527-3839 View (415) 527-3839
Photo of Stephanie L. Denton, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Stephanie L. Denton
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, #122562
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94114
I work relationally, from a psychodynamic, trauma-informed, harm reduction lens with a social-justice orientation.
You are the sky, everything else is the weather - Pema Chodron Through attuned listening, warmth, and at times humor, I welcome your intuition, imagination, spirituality, and creativity into the healing process. I believe there is innate medicine and wisdom within you, which when cultivated, will help you on your life’s journey.
I work relationally, from a psychodynamic, trauma-informed, harm reduction lens with a social-justice orientation.
You are the sky, everything else is the weather - Pema Chodron Through attuned listening, warmth, and at times humor, I welcome your intuition, imagination, spirituality, and creativity into the healing process. I believe there is innate medicine and wisdom within you, which when cultivated, will help you on your life’s journey.
(415) 843-2375 View (415) 843-2375
Photo of Susan Moore, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Susan Moore
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94115
Working with both psychodynamic and experiential approaches, we will tackle the process using a lively sense of curiosity, open hearts and regular doses of humor.
I believe that a core component of living is about learning and growing and expanding as our journeys unfold. And, I am passionately sympathetic about how hard this process can be, and how difficult it often is to be human! As an optimistic psychotherapist with over 20 years experience, I am convinced of the human capacity for tapping into a deep source of inner wisdom, and our innate capacity to heal. Each individual can develop the self-knowledge and self-acceptance they need to confront their challenges and to restore a compassionate perspective to their lives.
Working with both psychodynamic and experiential approaches, we will tackle the process using a lively sense of curiosity, open hearts and regular doses of humor.
I believe that a core component of living is about learning and growing and expanding as our journeys unfold. And, I am passionately sympathetic about how hard this process can be, and how difficult it often is to be human! As an optimistic psychotherapist with over 20 years experience, I am convinced of the human capacity for tapping into a deep source of inner wisdom, and our innate capacity to heal. Each individual can develop the self-knowledge and self-acceptance they need to confront their challenges and to restore a compassionate perspective to their lives.
(415) 360-3599 View (415) 360-3599
Photo of Daniel Geer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Daniel Geer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BC-DMT
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94102
Psychodynamic Therapy training informs all of the above.
Welcome to my psychotherapy practice. I work with adults 18yrs. and up in individual and couples therapy. I have worked with a wide range of client symptoms and issues over many years of work in mental health. I have extensive experience in short-term therapy and am good at keeping the therapy focused on the task at hand once goals have been collaboratively set. I really enjoy getting to know the individual strengths and needs of each client and adapting my approach to be as effective as possible.
Psychodynamic Therapy training informs all of the above.
Welcome to my psychotherapy practice. I work with adults 18yrs. and up in individual and couples therapy. I have worked with a wide range of client symptoms and issues over many years of work in mental health. I have extensive experience in short-term therapy and am good at keeping the therapy focused on the task at hand once goals have been collaboratively set. I really enjoy getting to know the individual strengths and needs of each client and adapting my approach to be as effective as possible.
(415) 798-2892 View (415) 798-2892
Photo of Ghazal Karimpour, Psychologist in San Francisco, CA
Ghazal Karimpour
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114
In my practice I use psychodynamic theory in order to support my clients in gaining an in-depth understanding of their emotions, and to navigate ways that allow altering those emotions as needed.
Moving closer to a balanced and whole state of mind is the main goal of talk therapy. In a trusting and collaborative environment, you are given the chance to remove obstacles on the way of reaching your full potential for personal growth and improved mental health. Also, through conversation with an objective and trained individual, you will be able to understand the complexities of your mind, making your unknown known. In addition to working with adults, one of my main focuses is individual and family psychotherapy with adolescents dealing with issues such as identity formation and relationship building.
In my practice I use psychodynamic theory in order to support my clients in gaining an in-depth understanding of their emotions, and to navigate ways that allow altering those emotions as needed.
Moving closer to a balanced and whole state of mind is the main goal of talk therapy. In a trusting and collaborative environment, you are given the chance to remove obstacles on the way of reaching your full potential for personal growth and improved mental health. Also, through conversation with an objective and trained individual, you will be able to understand the complexities of your mind, making your unknown known. In addition to working with adults, one of my main focuses is individual and family psychotherapy with adolescents dealing with issues such as identity formation and relationship building.
(415) 687-3466 View (415) 687-3466

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Psychodynamic Therapists

Is psychodynamic therapy evidence-based?

Studies have found psychodynamic therapy to be effective in treating conditions like social anxiety, eating disorders, chronic pain, some personality disorders, and depression; indeed, some studies have found it to be just as effective as CBT or medication. What’s more, several studies have found that the benefits of psychodynamic therapy tend to endure—even grow—long after treatment has ended.

How long does psychodynamic therapy last?

Unlike CBT and other more structured forms of therapy, psychodynamic therapy tends to be open-ended and may not be limited to a set number of sessions. It is common for clients to be in therapy for a year or longer and to see their therapist one to three times a week, though the exact schedule and timeline may vary depending on a client’s challenges and progress. However, brief psychodynamic therapy is available, which tends to be more goal-oriented and typically unfolds over 16 to 30 sessions.

Does psychodynamic therapy work?

Research finds that psychodynamic therapy can help someone manage or reduce symptoms of diagnosable mental health conditions like depression or anxiety. The modality may also offer a range of benefits that are harder to measure but just as valuable—such as increased self-worth or healthier relationships. While no therapy type will work for everyone, research and anecdotal evidence suggest that psychodynamic therapy can be highly effective.

What are the limitations of psychodynamic therapy?

Some meta-analyses have concluded that there is little evidence to suggest that psychodynamic therapy can effectively treat certain mental health conditions such as PTSD, OCD, or psychosis, though it is sometimes used to do so. More broadly, the open-ended, free-association structure of psychodynamic therapy may be frustrating for clients who prefer a more structured, time-limited, or goal-oriented approach.