Attachment-based Therapists in San Francisco, CA

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Photo of Maryam Ashraf, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Maryam Ashraf
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EMDR
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114
Do you find yourself struggling with anxiety, depression, grief, self-esteem, identity, and difficult life transitions? Do you find yourself feeling stuck and can’t seem to focus or move forward? There are many ways to get unstuck, and this is the work I love to do to help you heal, grow and live a more fulfilling life. I use an integrative approach including attachment-based work, DBT, CBT, IFS, and mindfulness, bringing in each as needed. Above all, I strive to hold space and empathy for your life experience.
Do you find yourself struggling with anxiety, depression, grief, self-esteem, identity, and difficult life transitions? Do you find yourself feeling stuck and can’t seem to focus or move forward? There are many ways to get unstuck, and this is the work I love to do to help you heal, grow and live a more fulfilling life. I use an integrative approach including attachment-based work, DBT, CBT, IFS, and mindfulness, bringing in each as needed. Above all, I strive to hold space and empathy for your life experience.
(415) 236-5618 View (415) 236-5618
Photo of Natalie Spautz, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Natalie Spautz
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
19 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94104  (Online Only)
I specialize in anxiety, stress and ADHD. If you notice managing your mood or focusing, planning and organizing things are challenging for you, I can help. As you struggle, you know something needs to change. You're tired of either obsessing or avoiding dealing with these issues. You notice it's affecting your mental health and want to find new ways to think and feel. You know your mood and stress levels affect your mental health and all parts of life. With ADHD, supports are so key for balance. You've struggled long enough and ready to make changes to feel better about them. If this is you, I can help and welcome you to reach out.
I specialize in anxiety, stress and ADHD. If you notice managing your mood or focusing, planning and organizing things are challenging for you, I can help. As you struggle, you know something needs to change. You're tired of either obsessing or avoiding dealing with these issues. You notice it's affecting your mental health and want to find new ways to think and feel. You know your mood and stress levels affect your mental health and all parts of life. With ADHD, supports are so key for balance. You've struggled long enough and ready to make changes to feel better about them. If this is you, I can help and welcome you to reach out.
(628) 266-2245 View (628) 266-2245
Photo of Lonnie Ferguson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Lonnie Ferguson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94109
My practice focuses on helping LGBTQ+ individuals and couples understand their present experience by identifying obstacles, patterns and core beliefs that become barriers to true growth and change. I specialize in addressing depression, anxiety, maladaptive coping skills, low self esteem, challenges with trust, intimacy and communication, open and polyamorous relationships. Utilizing attachment-based and emotional focused models along with integrated mindfulness and somatic practices, I strive to help clients find the right tools repair the wounds, strengthen relationships and learn to love themselves. It begins with one decision.
My practice focuses on helping LGBTQ+ individuals and couples understand their present experience by identifying obstacles, patterns and core beliefs that become barriers to true growth and change. I specialize in addressing depression, anxiety, maladaptive coping skills, low self esteem, challenges with trust, intimacy and communication, open and polyamorous relationships. Utilizing attachment-based and emotional focused models along with integrated mindfulness and somatic practices, I strive to help clients find the right tools repair the wounds, strengthen relationships and learn to love themselves. It begins with one decision.
(628) 265-8720 View (628) 265-8720
Photo of Alexandra Haas, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Alexandra Haas
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT, MA
Verified
3 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94115
I specialize in attachment theory, addictions& addiction related issues (like codependency). I also enjoy working with premarital couples/couples wanting to strengthen communication skills or rebuild trust within their relationship. Caregivers were the first to teach us how to relate to others. Healthy relationships are often not modeled for us & we wonder why the same troubled patterns repeat. I can help you gain insight into these patterns & work together to have healthier relationships. My goal is to get to know you, establish a strong connection, and provide a safe space to begin your healing journey together.
I specialize in attachment theory, addictions& addiction related issues (like codependency). I also enjoy working with premarital couples/couples wanting to strengthen communication skills or rebuild trust within their relationship. Caregivers were the first to teach us how to relate to others. Healthy relationships are often not modeled for us & we wonder why the same troubled patterns repeat. I can help you gain insight into these patterns & work together to have healthier relationships. My goal is to get to know you, establish a strong connection, and provide a safe space to begin your healing journey together.
(415) 569-2869 View (415) 569-2869
Photo of Khaliun Jargalsaikhan, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Khaliun Jargalsaikhan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94117
I work from a Mindfulness-Based approach and draw from Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Attachment-Based and Strength-Based, Trauma Informed modalities.
In my practice, I strive to create relationships with my clients that foster their growth and help them achieve their full potential. I value empathy and unconditional positive regard toward my clients. Understanding is called for when someone is hurting, confused, anxious, alienated, or doubtful of their self-worth. The gentle, empathic approach provides insight and healing. I respect the courage and vulnerability to come to therapy and try to take good care of my client's trust in me.
I work from a Mindfulness-Based approach and draw from Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Attachment-Based and Strength-Based, Trauma Informed modalities.
In my practice, I strive to create relationships with my clients that foster their growth and help them achieve their full potential. I value empathy and unconditional positive regard toward my clients. Understanding is called for when someone is hurting, confused, anxious, alienated, or doubtful of their self-worth. The gentle, empathic approach provides insight and healing. I respect the courage and vulnerability to come to therapy and try to take good care of my client's trust in me.
(415) 684-9186 View (415) 684-9186
Photo of Olivia Provan, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Olivia Provan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94115  (Online Only)
You want better relationships, with your partner, your family, at work and with yourself. You’re at the point where all of the boxes are checked, but you’re still not feeling happy or fulfilled. You struggle with guilt for wanting more, but know deep down that there's something holding you back. If you’re a couple, you want deeper intimacy and connection, to resolve recurring disagreements, or support when facing key milestones such as moving in together or getting engaged. You’re in the right place. I specialize in attachment-based therapy for those wanting to improve their relationships, beginning with themselves.
You want better relationships, with your partner, your family, at work and with yourself. You’re at the point where all of the boxes are checked, but you’re still not feeling happy or fulfilled. You struggle with guilt for wanting more, but know deep down that there's something holding you back. If you’re a couple, you want deeper intimacy and connection, to resolve recurring disagreements, or support when facing key milestones such as moving in together or getting engaged. You’re in the right place. I specialize in attachment-based therapy for those wanting to improve their relationships, beginning with themselves.
(415) 870-4181 View (415) 870-4181
Photo of Sarah Weller, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Sarah Weller
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94115
I utilize a strengths-based and attachment-based approach so that I can meet the unique needs of my clients.
Feeling burnt-out? Are you struggling with your relationships, work, life transitions, or with seeing your own self-worth? You could be experiencing anxiety, depression, or unresolved traumas from your past. If so, then it's time to come to therapy.
I utilize a strengths-based and attachment-based approach so that I can meet the unique needs of my clients.
Feeling burnt-out? Are you struggling with your relationships, work, life transitions, or with seeing your own self-worth? You could be experiencing anxiety, depression, or unresolved traumas from your past. If so, then it's time to come to therapy.
(415) 612-6218 View (415) 612-6218
Photo of Ashley Hamilton, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Ashley Hamilton
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114
Do you feel anxious in your relationships? I can help. I specialize in anxiety, relationships, and in attachment-based, relational trauma, informed by neuroscience and the nervous-system. From heart-break and dating, to recognizing a secure partner, or healing yourself and past relationships, I work with clients who want to develop more confidence, security and clarity in themselves, their relationships and the world. We'll be looking at your self, in your current relationships, and diving into your past to uncover the patterns that keep you stuck. We'll be noticing your strengths, and honoring your authentic feelings and needs.
Do you feel anxious in your relationships? I can help. I specialize in anxiety, relationships, and in attachment-based, relational trauma, informed by neuroscience and the nervous-system. From heart-break and dating, to recognizing a secure partner, or healing yourself and past relationships, I work with clients who want to develop more confidence, security and clarity in themselves, their relationships and the world. We'll be looking at your self, in your current relationships, and diving into your past to uncover the patterns that keep you stuck. We'll be noticing your strengths, and honoring your authentic feelings and needs.
(415) 915-7610 View (415) 915-7610
Photo of Maeve Odile Jackson-Dufault, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in San Francisco, CA
Maeve Odile Jackson-Dufault
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94123
My approach to therapy is integral; I work from an attachment and trauma informed lens with a deep grounding in relational psychoanalytic theory. I have experience with treating depression and anxiety, low self-esteem, questions of gender and sexuality, complex family dynamics, relationship issues, chronic pain, and grief work. My wish it to foster a therapeutic space that feels both challenging as well as safe so that we can work together to meet your treatment goals. In our work together I may bring in mindfulness techniques, parts work, attachment theory, dream work, movement, and myth.
My approach to therapy is integral; I work from an attachment and trauma informed lens with a deep grounding in relational psychoanalytic theory. I have experience with treating depression and anxiety, low self-esteem, questions of gender and sexuality, complex family dynamics, relationship issues, chronic pain, and grief work. My wish it to foster a therapeutic space that feels both challenging as well as safe so that we can work together to meet your treatment goals. In our work together I may bring in mindfulness techniques, parts work, attachment theory, dream work, movement, and myth.
(510) 513-4604 View (510) 513-4604
Photo of Lizzie Pfeiffer, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in San Francisco, CA
Lizzie Pfeiffer
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94118
I work from a trauma-informed, relational, and client-centered lens. I integrate psychodynamic and attachment based theoretical approaches. I believe the relationship we build as client and therapist, as well as exploring your relationships outside of therapy, are important avenues for growth. You are the expert on your own life; I am here to listen to you and work collaboratively to empower your inherent strength and resilience. I use warmth, compassion, and humor to cultivate an affirming, non-judgemental, and trusting connection with my clients.
I work from a trauma-informed, relational, and client-centered lens. I integrate psychodynamic and attachment based theoretical approaches. I believe the relationship we build as client and therapist, as well as exploring your relationships outside of therapy, are important avenues for growth. You are the expert on your own life; I am here to listen to you and work collaboratively to empower your inherent strength and resilience. I use warmth, compassion, and humor to cultivate an affirming, non-judgemental, and trusting connection with my clients.
(415) 873-9447 View (415) 873-9447
Photo of Radical Roots Psychotherapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Radical Roots Psychotherapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94115
Ruby draws upon multiple therapeutic approaches including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychodynamic therapy, attachment-based science, family systems, EMDR, Internal Family Systems (IFS), Supportive Parenting for Anxious Childhood Emotions (SPACE), mindfulness practices, harm reduction principles, non-violent communication, and Gottman methodology.
Ruby (she/her/hers) is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW 101630) who brings a decade of experience supporting youth, young adults, caregivers, families, and individuals navigate loss and attachment ruptures, anxiety, depression, ADHD, trauma, family conflict, life stressors, and the life cycle. Ruby approaches her sessions with warmth, humility, and a strengths-based lens, valuing collaboration, authenticity, and creativity.
Ruby draws upon multiple therapeutic approaches including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychodynamic therapy, attachment-based science, family systems, EMDR, Internal Family Systems (IFS), Supportive Parenting for Anxious Childhood Emotions (SPACE), mindfulness practices, harm reduction principles, non-violent communication, and Gottman methodology.
Ruby (she/her/hers) is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW 101630) who brings a decade of experience supporting youth, young adults, caregivers, families, and individuals navigate loss and attachment ruptures, anxiety, depression, ADHD, trauma, family conflict, life stressors, and the life cycle. Ruby approaches her sessions with warmth, humility, and a strengths-based lens, valuing collaboration, authenticity, and creativity.
(510) 491-0155 View (510) 491-0155
Photo of Lisa Case, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Lisa Case
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94104  (Online Only)
My approach is grounded in depth therapy and include attachment-based, trauma-informed, and somatic (body-based) orientations.
Struggling with feeling seen and heard in your relationship or family dynamic? Suffering with the pain of past trauma, and can’t seem to move forward? Are you experiencing poor body image and low self esteem? I specialize in relationship therapies, including couples, parent-child/ sibling conflict, and dynamics within the family system. I also have years of experience working with individuals and adolescents to treat trauma related depression/anxiety and C/PTSD, and am passionate about working with eating disorders through supporting body acceptance, and exploring underlying beliefs which contribute to disordered eating/ behaviors.
My approach is grounded in depth therapy and include attachment-based, trauma-informed, and somatic (body-based) orientations.
Struggling with feeling seen and heard in your relationship or family dynamic? Suffering with the pain of past trauma, and can’t seem to move forward? Are you experiencing poor body image and low self esteem? I specialize in relationship therapies, including couples, parent-child/ sibling conflict, and dynamics within the family system. I also have years of experience working with individuals and adolescents to treat trauma related depression/anxiety and C/PTSD, and am passionate about working with eating disorders through supporting body acceptance, and exploring underlying beliefs which contribute to disordered eating/ behaviors.
(510) 949-5329 View (510) 949-5329
Photo of Megan Williams, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Megan Williams
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94109
I offer a warm, collaborative approach intended to foster personal growth and self understanding for individuals and couples. I specialize in helping clients navigate through relationship challenges addictions, self esteem issues ,Premarital and Divorce challenges. Using psychodynamic , holistic and present moment therapeutic approaches , my work is intended to help clients cultivate their own inner healing and enabling them to make meaningful and lasting change. Honoring every individual and couple as unique, I bring an engaged and compassionate presence to our work together.
I offer a warm, collaborative approach intended to foster personal growth and self understanding for individuals and couples. I specialize in helping clients navigate through relationship challenges addictions, self esteem issues ,Premarital and Divorce challenges. Using psychodynamic , holistic and present moment therapeutic approaches , my work is intended to help clients cultivate their own inner healing and enabling them to make meaningful and lasting change. Honoring every individual and couple as unique, I bring an engaged and compassionate presence to our work together.
(415) 835-2139 View (415) 835-2139
Photo of Kelsey Harrington, Psychologist in San Francisco, CA
Kelsey Harrington
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94102
My style of practice is relational, attachment-based, trauma-informed, and interactive.
People can feel stuck in their lives for many reasons. You may have vague feelings of dissatisfaction, or have an idea of what isn’t working but struggle to find a way forward. Perhaps you're feeling overwhelmed by familiar feelings from earlier difficulties or trauma that are being stirred up by current situations. My aim is to help you uncover the meanings and underlying causes of patterns of thinking, feeling, and interacting that may be holding you back. These can emerge in addressing day-to-day challenges, or while untangling old narratives formed by deeply rooted experiences.
My style of practice is relational, attachment-based, trauma-informed, and interactive.
People can feel stuck in their lives for many reasons. You may have vague feelings of dissatisfaction, or have an idea of what isn’t working but struggle to find a way forward. Perhaps you're feeling overwhelmed by familiar feelings from earlier difficulties or trauma that are being stirred up by current situations. My aim is to help you uncover the meanings and underlying causes of patterns of thinking, feeling, and interacting that may be holding you back. These can emerge in addressing day-to-day challenges, or while untangling old narratives formed by deeply rooted experiences.
(415) 598-5002 View (415) 598-5002
Photo of Michael Griffith, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Michael Griffith
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT, MA, MS
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114
Successfully helping individuals and couples has always been a priority to me. First and foremost I want you to feel comfortable and safe when we work together and this is essential to fostering your growth. I will be open with you in my understanding of your situation and to share what I can about options you might use in your life situation. Your sessions will encourage you to learn how to make sense of yourself in relationship to others, in love and work. Our work will leave you both supported and also challenged to explore new options in your personal style. Heal dental anxiety and phobias.
Successfully helping individuals and couples has always been a priority to me. First and foremost I want you to feel comfortable and safe when we work together and this is essential to fostering your growth. I will be open with you in my understanding of your situation and to share what I can about options you might use in your life situation. Your sessions will encourage you to learn how to make sense of yourself in relationship to others, in love and work. Our work will leave you both supported and also challenged to explore new options in your personal style. Heal dental anxiety and phobias.
(628) 244-8524 View (628) 244-8524
Photo of Karen Marie Forsthoff, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Karen Marie Forsthoff
Marriage & Family Therapist, MAMFT, LMFT
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94116  (Online Only)
I have experience with Integrated Family Systems IFS); Relational Life Therapy (RLT); Systemic Models; Interpersonal Neurobiology: Attachment-Based Therapy; and Substance Use.
Are you feeling stuck and unhappy? Are you struggling in your work or family life? Do you want more from your relationships? If so, it might be time to reach out to a professional for help. Taking care of your mental health is a sign of self-compassion. It's the beginning of the healing process. Whether you choose to engage in Individual, Couple, or Family Therapy together we can find a way to restore a sense of hope and well-being. Please contact me for more information on how therapy can help you reach your goals.
I have experience with Integrated Family Systems IFS); Relational Life Therapy (RLT); Systemic Models; Interpersonal Neurobiology: Attachment-Based Therapy; and Substance Use.
Are you feeling stuck and unhappy? Are you struggling in your work or family life? Do you want more from your relationships? If so, it might be time to reach out to a professional for help. Taking care of your mental health is a sign of self-compassion. It's the beginning of the healing process. Whether you choose to engage in Individual, Couple, or Family Therapy together we can find a way to restore a sense of hope and well-being. Please contact me for more information on how therapy can help you reach your goals.
(628) 257-8065 View (628) 257-8065
Photo of Natalie M. Mills, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Natalie M. Mills
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
San Francisco, CA 94102
I work with individuals and couples who want to shift relational problem patterns by healing from trauma, deepening their self-awareness, and strengthening their connections with others. I offer tools to help people gain insight into their behavior, learn how to effectively manage their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors, and ameliorate destructive cycles. Collaboratively, my clients and I improve their self-concepts. I use a relational, attachment-based framework and draw on EMDR therapy when indicated.
I work with individuals and couples who want to shift relational problem patterns by healing from trauma, deepening their self-awareness, and strengthening their connections with others. I offer tools to help people gain insight into their behavior, learn how to effectively manage their thoughts, emotions, and behaviors, and ameliorate destructive cycles. Collaboratively, my clients and I improve their self-concepts. I use a relational, attachment-based framework and draw on EMDR therapy when indicated.
(415) 301-7713 View (415) 301-7713
Photo of Nicole Ohebshalom, Counselor in San Francisco, CA
Nicole Ohebshalom
Counselor, RN, LPCC, PMH-C
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94123  (Online Only)
I’m an attachment-based psychodynamic therapist using experimental, psychoanalytical and humanistic theories.
Whether your problems are specific - a relationship, work, troubling thoughts or experiences, or more abstract - feeling stuck, empty, lonely or misunderstood, quality therapy can offer invaluable support. I work collaboratively, compassionately and interactively with individuals and couples to improve their lives. Following your lead and pace, we explore your past and present, patterns in your life, your perceptions, behaviors and choices, and consider how our relationship may mirror your dynamics in the outside world. Gradually you gain the insight and emotional capacity necessary for invaluable lasting change that feels authentic
I’m an attachment-based psychodynamic therapist using experimental, psychoanalytical and humanistic theories.
Whether your problems are specific - a relationship, work, troubling thoughts or experiences, or more abstract - feeling stuck, empty, lonely or misunderstood, quality therapy can offer invaluable support. I work collaboratively, compassionately and interactively with individuals and couples to improve their lives. Following your lead and pace, we explore your past and present, patterns in your life, your perceptions, behaviors and choices, and consider how our relationship may mirror your dynamics in the outside world. Gradually you gain the insight and emotional capacity necessary for invaluable lasting change that feels authentic
(415) 534-9929 View (415) 534-9929
Photo of Sharon Epel, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Francisco, CA
Sharon Epel
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA, MS
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94118
In our work together, I draw upon attachment-based approaches, mindfulness, self-compassion, CBT, and relevant neuroscience, as well as emotionally-focused therapy for couples.
If you're feeling unhappy in your relationships and life, dissatisfied, scared, or stuck, I can help guide you towards greater well-being. I will offer you practical real-world tools and real insight to help you figure out not just what you need to be happier and more fulfilled, but how to get there. By the end of each session, I aim to help you feel you've learned something about yourself or your relationships, and that you're leaving with new approaches or ideas to try in your life. I work with individuals, young adults, parents and couples, offering support, skills and insight to navigate life transitions and relationships.
In our work together, I draw upon attachment-based approaches, mindfulness, self-compassion, CBT, and relevant neuroscience, as well as emotionally-focused therapy for couples.
If you're feeling unhappy in your relationships and life, dissatisfied, scared, or stuck, I can help guide you towards greater well-being. I will offer you practical real-world tools and real insight to help you figure out not just what you need to be happier and more fulfilled, but how to get there. By the end of each session, I aim to help you feel you've learned something about yourself or your relationships, and that you're leaving with new approaches or ideas to try in your life. I work with individuals, young adults, parents and couples, offering support, skills and insight to navigate life transitions and relationships.
(415) 858-1939 View (415) 858-1939
Photo of Jose Luna, Associate Clinical Social Worker in San Francisco, CA
Jose Luna
Associate Clinical Social Worker, ASW, EMDR
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114  (Online Only)
My therapeutic approach mainly focuses on helping my clients identify their strengths to help alleviate anxiety, depression, and trauma. I am a firm believer that our childhood experiences contribute to our beliefs, behavioral patterns, and selecting a romantic partner. Therapy is a process! To allow ourselves to be intimate and vulnerable with someone about our experiences and trauma can be daunting. As a therapist, it is my goal to help validate, create a safe environment and help understand aspects of lived experiences.
My therapeutic approach mainly focuses on helping my clients identify their strengths to help alleviate anxiety, depression, and trauma. I am a firm believer that our childhood experiences contribute to our beliefs, behavioral patterns, and selecting a romantic partner. Therapy is a process! To allow ourselves to be intimate and vulnerable with someone about our experiences and trauma can be daunting. As a therapist, it is my goal to help validate, create a safe environment and help understand aspects of lived experiences.
(415) 980-7064 View (415) 980-7064

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Attachment-based Therapists

Is attachment-based therapy the same as attachment therapy?

Attachment-based therapy may be confused with what is called “attachment therapy” (sometimes called “holding therapy”), a discredited and dangerous approach to treating children with attachment disorders, autism, or other mental health concerns. Attachment therapy—not attachment-based therapy—may involve restraining a child, forcing eye contact, and other coercive or abusive techniques. None of these practices are used in attachment-based therapy and the two modalities are in no way related.

What should I expect from attachment-based therapy?

Attachment-based therapy is based on attachment theory, which posits that children’s early relationships with their caregivers strongly influence their ability to navigate the world later in life. Thus, adults who seek attachment-based therapy should expect to deeply explore their childhood, identifying the dynamics or experiences that disrupted their attachment and the steps necessary to overcome challenges that arose as a result. Parents and children should expect to explore the possible factors that disrupted the parent-child relationship and work toward restoring trust and connection.

How long does attachment-based therapy last?

Certain forms of attachment-based therapy, especially those designed for parents and children, last for a set number of sessions; for example, Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up, a specific attachment-based approach for young children who have undergone early adversity, unfolds over 10 one-hour sessions. When attachment-based therapy is practiced on adults or combined with other modalities, it may not last a specific length of time; clients may wish to ask prospective therapists how long they expect treatment to take.

Does attachment-based therapy work?

Most of the research on attachment-based therapy focuses on children and adolescents. Some of this research shows a positive effect, especially for attachment-based family therapy (ABFT). Other studies, however, have found that attachment-based therapy is no more effective than other approaches to childhood depression, anxiety, or suicidality. Less is known about the therapy’s efficacy on adult populations.