Therapists in Presidio, San Francisco, CA

Photo of Nazanin Fathi, Marriage & Family Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Nazanin Fathi
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129
Dr. Fathi completed her undergraduate degree at the University of California Los Angeles, subsequently pursued graduate training in Marriage and Family Therapy at the University of Southern California, and later completed her Doctorate at the California State University of Northridge. She has worked at some of the most well-known drug and alcohol treatment centers in Southern California, as well as private and state-funded clinics helping individuals, families, and couples.
Dr. Fathi completed her undergraduate degree at the University of California Los Angeles, subsequently pursued graduate training in Marriage and Family Therapy at the University of Southern California, and later completed her Doctorate at the California State University of Northridge. She has worked at some of the most well-known drug and alcohol treatment centers in Southern California, as well as private and state-funded clinics helping individuals, families, and couples.
(415) 650-1510 View (415) 650-1510
Photo of Susan Eva Porter, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Susan Eva Porter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129
Not accepting new clients
Being a teenager is hard work, and most teens benefit from talking to an adult who isn't their parent. I have worked with teens and pre-teens, mostly in schools, throughout my career, and as we come out of Covid, I am more committed than ever to helping teens make sense of their world.
Being a teenager is hard work, and most teens benefit from talking to an adult who isn't their parent. I have worked with teens and pre-teens, mostly in schools, throughout my career, and as we come out of Covid, I am more committed than ever to helping teens make sense of their world.
(415) 965-5351 View (415) 965-5351
Photo of Josh Rothenberg, Psychologist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Josh Rothenberg
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129
Waitlist for new clients
I provide psychotherapy for individual adults and adolescents, offering therapeutic support and interventions which are tailored to the unique needs and personalities of those whom I am fortunate to serve. Working from a disciplined eclectic perspective, I collaborate with my patients to discover new and more helpful ways to cope with life's challenges and work towards their goals and aspirations. Whether the work is short- or long-term in nature, my approach is grounded in the belief that every person deserves and benefits most from a course of treatment which is individually tailored to their specific strengths and challenges.
I provide psychotherapy for individual adults and adolescents, offering therapeutic support and interventions which are tailored to the unique needs and personalities of those whom I am fortunate to serve. Working from a disciplined eclectic perspective, I collaborate with my patients to discover new and more helpful ways to cope with life's challenges and work towards their goals and aspirations. Whether the work is short- or long-term in nature, my approach is grounded in the belief that every person deserves and benefits most from a course of treatment which is individually tailored to their specific strengths and challenges.
(415) 936-1823 View (415) 936-1823
Photo of Mia Freund Walker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Mia Freund Walker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94118
It is normal to go through periods of struggle, conflict, or loneliness. You don't need to struggle alone. I specialize in working with students, young adults, early and mid-career professionals, and parents. Specific areas of expertise include job and academic pressure, family and career issues, work/life balance, building healthy relationships, major life transitions, divorce, loss, parenting challenges, and healthy use of technology. I use warmth, compassion and humor to build a trusting relationship and help you break free of patterns and behaviors that get in in the way of living and experiencing a full life.
It is normal to go through periods of struggle, conflict, or loneliness. You don't need to struggle alone. I specialize in working with students, young adults, early and mid-career professionals, and parents. Specific areas of expertise include job and academic pressure, family and career issues, work/life balance, building healthy relationships, major life transitions, divorce, loss, parenting challenges, and healthy use of technology. I use warmth, compassion and humor to build a trusting relationship and help you break free of patterns and behaviors that get in in the way of living and experiencing a full life.
(628) 666-0625 View (628) 666-0625
Photo of Kimberly Wheeler Rich, Marriage & Family Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Kimberly Wheeler Rich
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129  (Online Only)
The stress of our fast-paced lives can challenge our most import relationships. Families are juggling so many responsibilities that its easy to let relationships take a back seat. Don't let stressful times derail you from living the life you always envisioned. I work with clients to manage stress, learn new problem solving tools, improve their relationships with loved ones and be the partner and/or parent you always wanted to be.
The stress of our fast-paced lives can challenge our most import relationships. Families are juggling so many responsibilities that its easy to let relationships take a back seat. Don't let stressful times derail you from living the life you always envisioned. I work with clients to manage stress, learn new problem solving tools, improve their relationships with loved ones and be the partner and/or parent you always wanted to be.
(650) 643-5319 View (650) 643-5319
Photo of Zack O Oelerich, Marriage & Family Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Zack O Oelerich
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129
My philosophy builds on unique strengths and sensitivities of each individual. Taking a supportive coaching role and utilizing a psychotherapeutic framework, I help clients develop and successfully execute their goals while developing a better understanding of social nuance in relationships and in the complex group dynamics of their home and work environments. My psychotherapy practice supports neurodivergent adults integrating their gifts amidst the challenges of great sensitivity and intelligence and is uniquely suited for midlife adults approaching transitions, relationship or career changes, birth, death and divorce.
My philosophy builds on unique strengths and sensitivities of each individual. Taking a supportive coaching role and utilizing a psychotherapeutic framework, I help clients develop and successfully execute their goals while developing a better understanding of social nuance in relationships and in the complex group dynamics of their home and work environments. My psychotherapy practice supports neurodivergent adults integrating their gifts amidst the challenges of great sensitivity and intelligence and is uniquely suited for midlife adults approaching transitions, relationship or career changes, birth, death and divorce.
(925) 892-3090 View (925) 892-3090
Photo of Suzanne Bernier, Marriage & Family Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Suzanne Bernier
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94118  (Online Only)
Welcome! Searching for a therapist can feel overwhelming, and I'm happy you are taking the first steps. Whether navigating difficult relationships or learning how to better manage stress and anxiety, I am passionate about helping others create meaningful and lasting positive change in their lives. Life transitions of all kinds are a special area of interest for me, particularly around the individual experience of divorce or separation. I have worked extensively with adolescents, and enjoy the challenges and changes that are unique to this stage of life.
Welcome! Searching for a therapist can feel overwhelming, and I'm happy you are taking the first steps. Whether navigating difficult relationships or learning how to better manage stress and anxiety, I am passionate about helping others create meaningful and lasting positive change in their lives. Life transitions of all kinds are a special area of interest for me, particularly around the individual experience of divorce or separation. I have worked extensively with adolescents, and enjoy the challenges and changes that are unique to this stage of life.
(415) 767-5144 View (415) 767-5144
Photo of Catherine Schmidt, Psychologist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Catherine Schmidt
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129  (Online Only)
Hi! I want to start by saying that reaching out for additional support is one of the bravest and most rewarding things you can do for yourself. I work hard to create a safe and comfortable place for my clients to learn and grow. Therapy can seem a bit mysterious, and choosing to open up to someone new can feel intimidating, but my goal is to help you make meaningful change in your life. I love what I do and feel grateful that I am able to provide you with science-backed tools, hope and curiosity as we explore patterns together and help guide you towards relief, ease and happiness.
Hi! I want to start by saying that reaching out for additional support is one of the bravest and most rewarding things you can do for yourself. I work hard to create a safe and comfortable place for my clients to learn and grow. Therapy can seem a bit mysterious, and choosing to open up to someone new can feel intimidating, but my goal is to help you make meaningful change in your life. I love what I do and feel grateful that I am able to provide you with science-backed tools, hope and curiosity as we explore patterns together and help guide you towards relief, ease and happiness.
(415) 870-8031 View (415) 870-8031
Photo of Nancy Scotton, Marriage & Family Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Nancy Scotton
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94118
I am available for telehealth appointments with current clients and those who have worked with me in the past.
I am available for telehealth appointments with current clients and those who have worked with me in the past.
(415) 689-8984 View (415) 689-8984
Photo of Karen Weinberger, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Karen Weinberger
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129
Not accepting new clients
I have been helping my clients find solutions to problems of addiction, depression and difficult relationships for more than twenty-five years. I can help you feel better and make the changes you want to make. I recognize and respect what is unique about you and I don't practice "one size fits all" psychotherapy. I understand emotional pain and how a good therapeutic relationship can heal the hurt. Having better relationships, overcoming depression, or getting off the merry-go-round of addiction is possible with help, commitment and hard work.
I have been helping my clients find solutions to problems of addiction, depression and difficult relationships for more than twenty-five years. I can help you feel better and make the changes you want to make. I recognize and respect what is unique about you and I don't practice "one size fits all" psychotherapy. I understand emotional pain and how a good therapeutic relationship can heal the hurt. Having better relationships, overcoming depression, or getting off the merry-go-round of addiction is possible with help, commitment and hard work.
(415) 799-8787 View (415) 799-8787
Photo of Dr. Andrea Aoun, Psychologist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Dr. Andrea Aoun
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94109  (Online Only)
Dr. Aoun is trained to work with adults who are navigating various life challenges such as: parenting obstacles, maternal mental health, work and school stress, grief and loss, issues pertaining to the LGBTQ+ community, immigration and acculturation challenges, depression, anxiety, unresolved childhood traumas, and relational conflicts.
Dr. Aoun is trained to work with adults who are navigating various life challenges such as: parenting obstacles, maternal mental health, work and school stress, grief and loss, issues pertaining to the LGBTQ+ community, immigration and acculturation challenges, depression, anxiety, unresolved childhood traumas, and relational conflicts.
(909) 490-4067 View (909) 490-4067
Photo of Vast Love, Marriage & Family Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Vast Love
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94117
I offer therapy in CA and coaching internationally through an online format. My primary focus is supporting people with issues related to non-monogamy through a trauma informed lens. My practice is kink, queer, trans, monogamy, poly, open relationship, RA, neurodivergent, and quirk friendly. I’m passionate about sharing tools that can help others experience secure relationships in whatever structures feel like the best fit for the unique values, desires, and ways of being of the individuals involved. My ideal clients are simply people who want to show up as their most authentic & actualized selves.
I offer therapy in CA and coaching internationally through an online format. My primary focus is supporting people with issues related to non-monogamy through a trauma informed lens. My practice is kink, queer, trans, monogamy, poly, open relationship, RA, neurodivergent, and quirk friendly. I’m passionate about sharing tools that can help others experience secure relationships in whatever structures feel like the best fit for the unique values, desires, and ways of being of the individuals involved. My ideal clients are simply people who want to show up as their most authentic & actualized selves.
(510) 880-4195 View (510) 880-4195
Photo of Tam Korodi in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Tam Korodi
MBACP
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94115  (Online Only)
Hi, I'm Tam! I am an attachment expert, specialising in relationship issues. Whether you're single and seeking your happily-ever-after, trying to save your marriage, or picking yourself up after a shattering divorce or breakup, I can help you. I also work with clients who have toxic and high-conflict familial or professional relationships. For my single female clients, I offer my signature 10-session program designed to help you find the right partner and build a healthy, lasting relationship. I provide online sessions to both individuals and couples using the most up-to-date scientific methods.
Hi, I'm Tam! I am an attachment expert, specialising in relationship issues. Whether you're single and seeking your happily-ever-after, trying to save your marriage, or picking yourself up after a shattering divorce or breakup, I can help you. I also work with clients who have toxic and high-conflict familial or professional relationships. For my single female clients, I offer my signature 10-session program designed to help you find the right partner and build a healthy, lasting relationship. I provide online sessions to both individuals and couples using the most up-to-date scientific methods.
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Photo of Lia Schaefer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Lia Schaefer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94117  (Online Only)
Welcome to Seattle Couples Therapy. Emotions are what make us human. I help high achievers connect with their emotions in a way that fuels authenticity, attunement, and connection. Suffering that results from trauma, neglect, loss, or oppression can force us to experience our emotions as overwhelming, too painful, and too terrifying to bear. In order to cope, we bury our true feelings under competent-looking facades and ignore experiences that inadvertently continue to undermine us, our relationships, our work life, and our communities. This is a recipe for anxiety, depression, and relationship distress.
Welcome to Seattle Couples Therapy. Emotions are what make us human. I help high achievers connect with their emotions in a way that fuels authenticity, attunement, and connection. Suffering that results from trauma, neglect, loss, or oppression can force us to experience our emotions as overwhelming, too painful, and too terrifying to bear. In order to cope, we bury our true feelings under competent-looking facades and ignore experiences that inadvertently continue to undermine us, our relationships, our work life, and our communities. This is a recipe for anxiety, depression, and relationship distress.
(206) 202-7647 View (206) 202-7647
Photo of Andrea Puente, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Andrea Puente
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94117  (Online Only)
I am passionate about teaching individuals the necessary tools and techniques they may need to improve mood, reduce stress, and overcome challenges. I have provided mental health treatment to adults who have experienced changes in their life, shifts in mood, adjustment issues, relationship conflicts, and communication problems by identifying the problem(s) and setting goals. Setting goals for treatment is helpful not only for individuals but also in guiding my therapeutic approach. Through my interview techniques and assessments, I will help the individual develop goals by discussing needs, stressors, and areas of desired change.
I am passionate about teaching individuals the necessary tools and techniques they may need to improve mood, reduce stress, and overcome challenges. I have provided mental health treatment to adults who have experienced changes in their life, shifts in mood, adjustment issues, relationship conflicts, and communication problems by identifying the problem(s) and setting goals. Setting goals for treatment is helpful not only for individuals but also in guiding my therapeutic approach. Through my interview techniques and assessments, I will help the individual develop goals by discussing needs, stressors, and areas of desired change.
(559) 314-1483 View (559) 314-1483
Photo of Ellen B Klyce, Marriage & Family Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Ellen B Klyce
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129
I mostly treat couples who are navigating parenting and communication. But I work with individual clients too, Bay area residents who have multiple responsibilities and many demands placed on them daily. I help clients ease their doubt in social situations, calm down the inner critic. In my sessions we explore new ways to connect in many different circumstances. If you have fallen into negative thinking patterns, this constant worry may wear you down. I am there to be your collaborator, to find the best solution for you.
I mostly treat couples who are navigating parenting and communication. But I work with individual clients too, Bay area residents who have multiple responsibilities and many demands placed on them daily. I help clients ease their doubt in social situations, calm down the inner critic. In my sessions we explore new ways to connect in many different circumstances. If you have fallen into negative thinking patterns, this constant worry may wear you down. I am there to be your collaborator, to find the best solution for you.
(510) 768-7175 View (510) 768-7175
Photo of Jonathan Peretz, Psychologist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Jonathan Peretz
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129
Not accepting new clients
Thanks for taking a look at my profile. Originally in practice on the East Coast, I've spent the last decade helping adults, adolescents, and couples overcome difficulties and live more fulfilling lives. Since my days in graduate school, I've maintained a strong interest in understanding how psychotherapy can promote deep and lasting change in a time-efficient way. I approach psychotherapy from the belief that all human beings have the potential for healing and self-righting, and the way that we tap into that potential begins with building a secure and collaborative therapeutic relationship.
Thanks for taking a look at my profile. Originally in practice on the East Coast, I've spent the last decade helping adults, adolescents, and couples overcome difficulties and live more fulfilling lives. Since my days in graduate school, I've maintained a strong interest in understanding how psychotherapy can promote deep and lasting change in a time-efficient way. I approach psychotherapy from the belief that all human beings have the potential for healing and self-righting, and the way that we tap into that potential begins with building a secure and collaborative therapeutic relationship.
(415) 539-0241 View (415) 539-0241
Photo of Alexandria Leedy, Psychologist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Alexandria Leedy
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129
Feeling overwhelmed with life? Bombarded by critical, fear-based, or guilt-ridden thoughts and feelings? I can help. I specialize in helping women remove obstacles that inhibit authentic self-expression and personal growth -- enabling them to freely pursue their dreams and goals. I offer a warm, collaborative approach to treatment and believe change can happen. I see growth as an implicit function of human development. People are always striving to grow, connect, and relate to others in deeper more fulfilling ways. In essence, to live richer, more rewarding, and healthier lives.
Feeling overwhelmed with life? Bombarded by critical, fear-based, or guilt-ridden thoughts and feelings? I can help. I specialize in helping women remove obstacles that inhibit authentic self-expression and personal growth -- enabling them to freely pursue their dreams and goals. I offer a warm, collaborative approach to treatment and believe change can happen. I see growth as an implicit function of human development. People are always striving to grow, connect, and relate to others in deeper more fulfilling ways. In essence, to live richer, more rewarding, and healthier lives.
(650) 209-7785 View (650) 209-7785
Christopher P Cunningham
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD
Verified
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129
I find it rewarding to work with men and women who are skeptical or unfamiliar with psychotherapy. There are many different schools of psychotherapy and this can be confusing. I enjoy educating people as to how best to make use of psychotherapy for their particular needs or crisis. I promote an open dialogue about how our working together is feeling and whether it is producing the results they want. Some clients seek short term help while some seek deeper exploration into their personality, dreams and conflicts. For them I offer a Jungian Analytic approach.
I find it rewarding to work with men and women who are skeptical or unfamiliar with psychotherapy. There are many different schools of psychotherapy and this can be confusing. I enjoy educating people as to how best to make use of psychotherapy for their particular needs or crisis. I promote an open dialogue about how our working together is feeling and whether it is producing the results they want. Some clients seek short term help while some seek deeper exploration into their personality, dreams and conflicts. For them I offer a Jungian Analytic approach.
(415) 237-0325 View (415) 237-0325
Photo of Jennifer Carri, Marriage & Family Therapist in Presidio, San Francisco, CA
Jennifer Carri
Marriage & Family Therapist, JD, LPCC, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Presidio, San Francisco, CA 94129
One of the goals of therapy is to make you more aware of your feelings, thoughts, and actions, which influence the way you live your life. Having more understanding and insight about why you do what you do will give you more choices. Sometimes we feel like we repeat patterns or are stuck in a situation and don’t know how to do something different. I can help you work through difficult times you are encountering in the present and also help to heal past traumas. Therapy can help you act with intention and in support of your personal goals.
One of the goals of therapy is to make you more aware of your feelings, thoughts, and actions, which influence the way you live your life. Having more understanding and insight about why you do what you do will give you more choices. Sometimes we feel like we repeat patterns or are stuck in a situation and don’t know how to do something different. I can help you work through difficult times you are encountering in the present and also help to heal past traumas. Therapy can help you act with intention and in support of your personal goals.
(415) 820-1698 View (415) 820-1698

See more therapy options for Presidio, San Francisco

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Presidio, San Francisco, CA

40+

Average cost per session

$195

Therapists in Presidio, San Francisco, CA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
65% Self Esteem
61% Trauma and PTSD
57% Stress
57% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

62% Aetna
46% Blue Cross
38% MHN | Health Net

How Therapists in Presidio, San Francisco, CA see their clients

60% In Person and Online
40% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
19% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Presidio, San Francisco?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.