Therapists in North Beach, San Francisco, CA

Photo of Laura C Whyte, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Laura C Whyte
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94133
My name is Laura Whyte and I am Licensed Clinical Social Worker in private practice. I have over 12 years of experience working with clients and professionals in a variety of inpatient and outpatient settings. I employ a collaborative therapeutic approach that encourages informed decisions about action and change. Sessions will focus on exploring your personal values and goals allowing you to move towards the life you want with confidence and optimism. My goal in practice is to help you recognize your strengths and build upon them. I look forward to working with you!
My name is Laura Whyte and I am Licensed Clinical Social Worker in private practice. I have over 12 years of experience working with clients and professionals in a variety of inpatient and outpatient settings. I employ a collaborative therapeutic approach that encourages informed decisions about action and change. Sessions will focus on exploring your personal values and goals allowing you to move towards the life you want with confidence and optimism. My goal in practice is to help you recognize your strengths and build upon them. I look forward to working with you!
(628) 265-8382 View (628) 265-8382
Photo of Lubov V Smith, Marriage & Family Therapist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Lubov V Smith
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94111  (Online Only)
My ideal client is any person who has the courage to reach out and to ask for help. It takes courage and bravery in the middle of darkness and desperation to do just that: to hold out hope against anxiety and hopelessness. It takes intelligence and wisdom to recognize that you cannot do it alone. I firmly believe that it’s not what happens to us, it’s what we do. And my promise is to help you, who reaches out and makes the call.
My ideal client is any person who has the courage to reach out and to ask for help. It takes courage and bravery in the middle of darkness and desperation to do just that: to hold out hope against anxiety and hopelessness. It takes intelligence and wisdom to recognize that you cannot do it alone. I firmly believe that it’s not what happens to us, it’s what we do. And my promise is to help you, who reaches out and makes the call.
(628) 215-6093 View (628) 215-6093
Photo of Jonathan Shedler PhD, Psychologist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Jonathan Shedler PhD
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94133
Not accepting new clients
I take pride in helping people who have not found the help they need from other professionals. I believe psychotherapy should identify core issues and begin to make a difference from the get-go. I have 25+ years experience practicing psychotherapy and teaching and supervising psychologists, psychiatrists, and psychoanalysts. I am a Clinical Professor in the UCSF Department of Psychiatry and was formerly Director of Psychology at the University of Colorado Hospital Outpatient Psychiatry Department. Please visit my website for more information.
I take pride in helping people who have not found the help they need from other professionals. I believe psychotherapy should identify core issues and begin to make a difference from the get-go. I have 25+ years experience practicing psychotherapy and teaching and supervising psychologists, psychiatrists, and psychoanalysts. I am a Clinical Professor in the UCSF Department of Psychiatry and was formerly Director of Psychology at the University of Colorado Hospital Outpatient Psychiatry Department. Please visit my website for more information.
(415) 650-1910 View (415) 650-1910
Photo of Aaron Trinh, Psychologist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Aaron Trinh
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94102
Waitlist for new clients
Change is an inevitable challenge we face, particularly when it is unexpected. Sometimes, this challenge can be difficult to cope with, and can develop into anxiety, depression, or stress-induced physiological symptoms. I enjoy helping people who are trying to adjust to change, whether it be at work or in their relationships. As a licensed clinical psychologist, I utilize a personalized approach to help you make the adjustments necessary to overcome stress and anxiety. I will work with you collaboratively to clarify your goals and find a treatment approach that will work best.
Change is an inevitable challenge we face, particularly when it is unexpected. Sometimes, this challenge can be difficult to cope with, and can develop into anxiety, depression, or stress-induced physiological symptoms. I enjoy helping people who are trying to adjust to change, whether it be at work or in their relationships. As a licensed clinical psychologist, I utilize a personalized approach to help you make the adjustments necessary to overcome stress and anxiety. I will work with you collaboratively to clarify your goals and find a treatment approach that will work best.
(628) 200-3644 View (628) 200-3644
Photo of Manali Deolalkar, Licensed Professional Counselor in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Manali Deolalkar
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94133  (Online Only)
Are you someone who is looking to get a deeper understanding into your thoughts, emotions and overall mental health well-being? I have a few years of experience working with adults dealing with anxiety, depression, trauma, self harm, relationship/dating issues, life transitions and sex-related issues. I work with BIPOC adults, South Asian folks, Women, college students, immigrants, tech workers, LGBTQ+ folks, other therapists, and first timers in therapy. I take into account your life experiences, cultural background and your goals, to be able to tailor therapy that meets your need.
Are you someone who is looking to get a deeper understanding into your thoughts, emotions and overall mental health well-being? I have a few years of experience working with adults dealing with anxiety, depression, trauma, self harm, relationship/dating issues, life transitions and sex-related issues. I work with BIPOC adults, South Asian folks, Women, college students, immigrants, tech workers, LGBTQ+ folks, other therapists, and first timers in therapy. I take into account your life experiences, cultural background and your goals, to be able to tailor therapy that meets your need.
(628) 216-7639 View (628) 216-7639
Photo of Adriana Fruechtl, Pre-Licensed Professional in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Adriana Fruechtl
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW, ASW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94132  (Online Only)
Life can get messy and overwhelming, but together, we can overcome those challenges. Facing life alone can be daunting, but I offer a safe space to those seeking an empathic place to heal or create self awareness. If you are looking to move past harmful narratives, create healthy boundaries, or even learn what a boundary is, I am your girl.
Life can get messy and overwhelming, but together, we can overcome those challenges. Facing life alone can be daunting, but I offer a safe space to those seeking an empathic place to heal or create self awareness. If you are looking to move past harmful narratives, create healthy boundaries, or even learn what a boundary is, I am your girl.
(415) 903-9630 View (415) 903-9630
Photo of Nicole Hanhan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Nicole Hanhan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94133  (Online Only)
Accepting new clients via Telehealth only. I’m here to help you make a change and I’m honored to walk this journey with you. My passion is to help you connect to the parts of you that need healing. Feeling “stuck” can look different for everyone – through low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, feeling unsafe, negative view of yourself, lack of confidence and irritability. I am here to guide you to help you transform pain into a life worth celebrating.
Accepting new clients via Telehealth only. I’m here to help you make a change and I’m honored to walk this journey with you. My passion is to help you connect to the parts of you that need healing. Feeling “stuck” can look different for everyone – through low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, feeling unsafe, negative view of yourself, lack of confidence and irritability. I am here to guide you to help you transform pain into a life worth celebrating.
(415) 843-2483 View (415) 843-2483
Photo of Amanda Hembree, Licensed Professional Counselor in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Amanda Hembree
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LPCC, CEAP
Verified Verified
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94109  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I am NOT accepting new clients at this time. Wait list is CLOSED.
I am NOT accepting new clients at this time. Wait list is CLOSED.
(504) 229-2557 View (504) 229-2557
Photo of Gwen Pelfini (Offering Ketamine-Assisted Psychotherapy), Counselor in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Gwen Pelfini (Offering Ketamine-Assisted Psychotherapy)
Counselor, LMHC, LPCC, NCC, PATP
Verified Verified
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94133  (Online Only)
Do you find yourself feeling alone or unfulfilled? Are you stuck in familiar self-talk or relationship patterns that are no longer serving you? Have you experienced loss or trauma, and feel groundless in navigating through? Perhaps the stress from work, family, or friendships is becoming overwhelming, and you’re finding yourself caught in a cycle of unhealthy behaviors, unable to untangle? Life transitions can cause discomfort, confusion, and disconnection, which prohibits our ability to live optimally. Working with a professional to help guide and support your path towards satisfaction can be a major step.
Do you find yourself feeling alone or unfulfilled? Are you stuck in familiar self-talk or relationship patterns that are no longer serving you? Have you experienced loss or trauma, and feel groundless in navigating through? Perhaps the stress from work, family, or friendships is becoming overwhelming, and you’re finding yourself caught in a cycle of unhealthy behaviors, unable to untangle? Life transitions can cause discomfort, confusion, and disconnection, which prohibits our ability to live optimally. Working with a professional to help guide and support your path towards satisfaction can be a major step.
(415) 360-8473 View (415) 360-8473
Photo of Daley Wellness Group | Dr. Luz Daley, Psychologist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Daley Wellness Group | Dr. Luz Daley
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94133  (Online Only)
We practice from an integrated approach to wellness. We combine psychology with hypnotherapy, dreamwork and spirituality. The goal is to tap into the wisdom and healing powers that reside just below conscious awareness. The emergence of self-compassion, self-love and forgiveness builds the foundation that supports transformational healing. We trust each person is the expert in their own life and each person holds the answer they are seeking. Our role is to help those with whom we work to uncover the wisdom and resources they possess.
We practice from an integrated approach to wellness. We combine psychology with hypnotherapy, dreamwork and spirituality. The goal is to tap into the wisdom and healing powers that reside just below conscious awareness. The emergence of self-compassion, self-love and forgiveness builds the foundation that supports transformational healing. We trust each person is the expert in their own life and each person holds the answer they are seeking. Our role is to help those with whom we work to uncover the wisdom and resources they possess.
(209) 370-2663 View (209) 370-2663
Photo of Jen Plummer, Psychologist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Jen Plummer
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94111  (Online Only)
Beginning psychotherapy can be both an exciting and sometimes, challenging process. Each person is the "expert" on their own experience, but at times we need collaborative support in order to sort through our emotional lives. We may feel stuck in our current ways of coping and desire to make a change, or we may have been urged by loved ones to seek help. Therapy allows us to open up our minds in an environment of safety, leaving us free to explore new ways of thinking and being in the world.
Beginning psychotherapy can be both an exciting and sometimes, challenging process. Each person is the "expert" on their own experience, but at times we need collaborative support in order to sort through our emotional lives. We may feel stuck in our current ways of coping and desire to make a change, or we may have been urged by loved ones to seek help. Therapy allows us to open up our minds in an environment of safety, leaving us free to explore new ways of thinking and being in the world.
(415) 340-6256 View (415) 340-6256
Photo of Renee Dean, Marriage & Family Therapist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Renee Dean
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94111
With over 15 years of experience in the field, I offer a grounded presence, a practiced ear, and a seasoned skill set that can help you move towards the changes you seek. Drawing on relational psychodynamic training, I will take time to truly understand you, working along side you to craft a personalized approach tailored to your unique needs, goals and desires. I can provide a special kind of relationship, one that is collaborative in bringing deep attention to your exploration, healing and growth. My therapeutic style has been described as warm, nonjudgmental, down to earth, curious and creative.
With over 15 years of experience in the field, I offer a grounded presence, a practiced ear, and a seasoned skill set that can help you move towards the changes you seek. Drawing on relational psychodynamic training, I will take time to truly understand you, working along side you to craft a personalized approach tailored to your unique needs, goals and desires. I can provide a special kind of relationship, one that is collaborative in bringing deep attention to your exploration, healing and growth. My therapeutic style has been described as warm, nonjudgmental, down to earth, curious and creative.
(505) 370-7709 View (505) 370-7709
Photo of Megan Bourne, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Megan Bourne
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, SEP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94111
In my 20 years in practice, I have supported many people looking for a deeper relationship with themselves and others; people with a wide range of concerns and clinical presentations. I have a particular interest in developmental and attachment trauma. The tools I utilize are also highly effective in relieving chronic stress, and in helping almost anyone cope who feels stuck emotionally, physically, or spiritually. Whatever your unique needs, I'll work closely with you to identify what's holding you back - and ways we can help you move forward. I also support clients in the integration of psychedelic experiences.
In my 20 years in practice, I have supported many people looking for a deeper relationship with themselves and others; people with a wide range of concerns and clinical presentations. I have a particular interest in developmental and attachment trauma. The tools I utilize are also highly effective in relieving chronic stress, and in helping almost anyone cope who feels stuck emotionally, physically, or spiritually. Whatever your unique needs, I'll work closely with you to identify what's holding you back - and ways we can help you move forward. I also support clients in the integration of psychedelic experiences.
(415) 969-2053 View (415) 969-2053
Photo of Margaret Boucher, Psychologist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Margaret Boucher
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94111  (Online Only)
Currently seeing patients virtually.
Currently seeing patients virtually.
(415) 969-9816 View (415) 969-9816
Photo of Claudio Zanet, Marriage & Family Therapist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Claudio Zanet
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, MBA
Verified Verified
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94111
Are you making it through the day, looking to the rest of the world as if you're doing just fine, but deep down inside you feel stuck and uninspired? Do you wonder what is holding you back from thriving in the world? In our hectic world we often find ourselves afraid to take risks that could jeopardize the stable lives we've created for ourselves. We remain in jobs, relationships and old patterns that no longer work, while symptoms such as anxiety, depression, stress, anger and self-defeating patterns keep us from making real changes to our lives.
Are you making it through the day, looking to the rest of the world as if you're doing just fine, but deep down inside you feel stuck and uninspired? Do you wonder what is holding you back from thriving in the world? In our hectic world we often find ourselves afraid to take risks that could jeopardize the stable lives we've created for ourselves. We remain in jobs, relationships and old patterns that no longer work, while symptoms such as anxiety, depression, stress, anger and self-defeating patterns keep us from making real changes to our lives.
(415) 578-7307 View (415) 578-7307
Photo of Syd McClune, Marriage & Family Therapist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Syd McClune
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94111  (Online Only)
People often come to me after trying a lot of different approaches to improve their mental health. Creative people. Queers. Folks with complex identities. Highly sensitive people. People who feel like outsiders at their core. People who feel stuck in ways that are difficult to articulate. Using various therapeutic modalities, including mindfulness, Esalen-trained Gestalt therapy, transpersonal therapy, and somatically informed attachment relational work I help them find ways to feel better and engage with their lives in newer, deeper ways. I assist them in finding a soft place to land and a sense of trust within themselves.
People often come to me after trying a lot of different approaches to improve their mental health. Creative people. Queers. Folks with complex identities. Highly sensitive people. People who feel like outsiders at their core. People who feel stuck in ways that are difficult to articulate. Using various therapeutic modalities, including mindfulness, Esalen-trained Gestalt therapy, transpersonal therapy, and somatically informed attachment relational work I help them find ways to feel better and engage with their lives in newer, deeper ways. I assist them in finding a soft place to land and a sense of trust within themselves.
(628) 250-2267 View (628) 250-2267
Photo of Maria Lentzou, Marriage & Family Therapist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Maria Lentzou
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, NTP
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94111
I work with children, teens and adults, in individual sessions and groups. Adults and teens: I see you as creative, resourceful, and whole on your own. I am here to help you heal wounds that keep you stuck and don't let you believe in your own strengths and intuition. I can offer curious questions, valuable resources and tools to add to your own toolbelt, new perspectives, and challenges that honor your goals and what you need to live your best life. I also provide Authentic Movement groups and experiential creative workshops.
I work with children, teens and adults, in individual sessions and groups. Adults and teens: I see you as creative, resourceful, and whole on your own. I am here to help you heal wounds that keep you stuck and don't let you believe in your own strengths and intuition. I can offer curious questions, valuable resources and tools to add to your own toolbelt, new perspectives, and challenges that honor your goals and what you need to live your best life. I also provide Authentic Movement groups and experiential creative workshops.
(415) 862-1656 View (415) 862-1656
Photo of Jen Poole, Marriage & Family Therapist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Jen Poole
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94111
Welcome to my practice. I am a heart-centered therapist who works collaboratively with you. This work supports you in finding the roots of self- limiting beliefs and relationship patterns, and provides tools and techniques for healing, which gives way to inner clarity and freedom. When you are connected to your inner wisdom and intelligence, your life becomes healthy and grounded, relationships are more intimate and loving, and quality of life becomes richer. I use a holistic body-heart-and soul approach with those who are committed to growth and healing.
Welcome to my practice. I am a heart-centered therapist who works collaboratively with you. This work supports you in finding the roots of self- limiting beliefs and relationship patterns, and provides tools and techniques for healing, which gives way to inner clarity and freedom. When you are connected to your inner wisdom and intelligence, your life becomes healthy and grounded, relationships are more intimate and loving, and quality of life becomes richer. I use a holistic body-heart-and soul approach with those who are committed to growth and healing.
(628) 227-5436 View (628) 227-5436
Photo of Isa Hershoff-Looper, Marriage & Family Therapist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Isa Hershoff-Looper
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94111
Welcome. I have been a licensed therapist for over 20 years and have a wealth of knowledge and experience. I am currently available to work individual adults to manage their life transitions, challenges and improve coping skills. I work with you to learn about yourself and find the path that fits you. I am compassionate and creative in my approach to therapy. I use Cognitive BehavioralTx in conjunction with a psychodynamic approach to guiding you through examining your thoughts and feelings. I am also a certified TRE practitioner and can provide support for releasing trauma stored in the body. Please see my website for more info
Welcome. I have been a licensed therapist for over 20 years and have a wealth of knowledge and experience. I am currently available to work individual adults to manage their life transitions, challenges and improve coping skills. I work with you to learn about yourself and find the path that fits you. I am compassionate and creative in my approach to therapy. I use Cognitive BehavioralTx in conjunction with a psychodynamic approach to guiding you through examining your thoughts and feelings. I am also a certified TRE practitioner and can provide support for releasing trauma stored in the body. Please see my website for more info
(415) 682-6433 View (415) 682-6433
Photo of Solid Ground Psychotherapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in North Beach, San Francisco, CA
Solid Ground Psychotherapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
North Beach, San Francisco, CA 94111
We naturally strive to make sense of the things that happen to us. With compassionate guidance and support, the effects of impactful events can be transformed. My approach is collaborative, warm and interactive. My mindfulness-based, psychodynamic practice provides a safe haven from which to explore and create meaning of the key events of your life so that you can arrive at a place of balance and contentment. Fully trained in EMDR, I have the skills to help you resolve traumatic events. I utilize sand tray and other creative means of expression to aid in the healing process. It can even be fun!
We naturally strive to make sense of the things that happen to us. With compassionate guidance and support, the effects of impactful events can be transformed. My approach is collaborative, warm and interactive. My mindfulness-based, psychodynamic practice provides a safe haven from which to explore and create meaning of the key events of your life so that you can arrive at a place of balance and contentment. Fully trained in EMDR, I have the skills to help you resolve traumatic events. I utilize sand tray and other creative means of expression to aid in the healing process. It can even be fun!
(415) 477-1698 View (415) 477-1698

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in North Beach, San Francisco, CA

70+

Average cost per session

$177

Therapists in North Beach, San Francisco, CA who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
87% Relationship Issues
82% Depression
78% Self Esteem
72% Coping Skills
71% Grief
71% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

58% Aetna
58% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
58% Optum

How Therapists in North Beach, San Francisco, CA see their clients

51% Online Only
49% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

81% Female
17% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in North Beach, San Francisco?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.