Therapists in Mission, San Francisco, CA

Photo of Beth Jaeger-Skigen, LCSW, PPSC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Beth Jaeger-Skigen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PPSC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110  (Online Only)
Welcome. Searching for a therapist is a brave first step on the path to healing. If you find yourself not getting what you want out of work, relationships, and personal growth, therapy with me is an effective route to get what you want out of life. I am committed to helping people find more productive ways of overcoming obstacles and self-destructive patterns that interfere with living more satisfying lives. In addition to listening, I am interactive. Clients find me to be warm, empathic and easily approachable. I create a safe environment for my individuals clients, couples and groups.
Welcome. Searching for a therapist is a brave first step on the path to healing. If you find yourself not getting what you want out of work, relationships, and personal growth, therapy with me is an effective route to get what you want out of life. I am committed to helping people find more productive ways of overcoming obstacles and self-destructive patterns that interfere with living more satisfying lives. In addition to listening, I am interactive. Clients find me to be warm, empathic and easily approachable. I create a safe environment for my individuals clients, couples and groups.
(415) 320-7239 View (415) 320-7239
Photo of Claudia E Rivas, LCSW, SEP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Claudia E Rivas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, SEP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110  (Online Only)
Hello. I'm Claudia. Hola! Hablo español. Helping others and being a support has always been my passion. For the past 20 years, I have worked in the mental health field, helping individuals and families during times of crisis, brought on by various stressors, mental health conditions and/or past or current trauma(s). I believe healing from trauma, whether it is a single or complex trauma, can happen in many forms. I see you as the expert in your life and me as a support person who is happy to share knowledge and tools.
Hello. I'm Claudia. Hola! Hablo español. Helping others and being a support has always been my passion. For the past 20 years, I have worked in the mental health field, helping individuals and families during times of crisis, brought on by various stressors, mental health conditions and/or past or current trauma(s). I believe healing from trauma, whether it is a single or complex trauma, can happen in many forms. I see you as the expert in your life and me as a support person who is happy to share knowledge and tools.
(415) 969-3659 View (415) 969-3659
Photo of Andrew G Law, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Andrew G Law
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110
I offer Down to Earth, Jargon Free Counseling. I will meet you with warmth and curiosity, humor and heart, right where you are. I'm here to help as you gather the courage to change what you can and find the grace to accept what you can't. I have spent my entire adult life exploring the different sub-cultures of the Bay Area, so I am quite good at working with men, women, and couples who don't quite fit inside the box. I especially want to hear from you if you've never considered therapy before. Even if I'm not your best fit, I'm happy to help you think through and navigate your options. Get in touch via my website!
I offer Down to Earth, Jargon Free Counseling. I will meet you with warmth and curiosity, humor and heart, right where you are. I'm here to help as you gather the courage to change what you can and find the grace to accept what you can't. I have spent my entire adult life exploring the different sub-cultures of the Bay Area, so I am quite good at working with men, women, and couples who don't quite fit inside the box. I especially want to hear from you if you've never considered therapy before. Even if I'm not your best fit, I'm happy to help you think through and navigate your options. Get in touch via my website!
(510) 491-0709 View (510) 491-0709
Photo of Radhika Reddy, PhD, Psychologist
Radhika Reddy
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110  (Online Only)
Welcome! Thank you for checking out my page, and more importantly, for taking this step to invest in yourself! You likely are struggling significantly with something and looking for guidance. You may be wondering if I could be the therapist by your side on this journey. Here's a little about me to help you make an informed decision: My style of therapy is thoughtful, warm, compassionate, non-judgmental, highly collaborative, and results-driven. You are the expert on you (your child), and are likely coming to me for expertise in specific therapies to help you get to where you are heading. As a team we can get there quicker!
Welcome! Thank you for checking out my page, and more importantly, for taking this step to invest in yourself! You likely are struggling significantly with something and looking for guidance. You may be wondering if I could be the therapist by your side on this journey. Here's a little about me to help you make an informed decision: My style of therapy is thoughtful, warm, compassionate, non-judgmental, highly collaborative, and results-driven. You are the expert on you (your child), and are likely coming to me for expertise in specific therapies to help you get to where you are heading. As a team we can get there quicker!
(650) 727-1805 View (650) 727-1805
Leah Hellerstein
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110  (Online Only)
I am a licensed clinical social worker who has clinical experience in medical social work, home health, geriatrics, and end of life care.
I am a licensed clinical social worker who has clinical experience in medical social work, home health, geriatrics, and end of life care.
(628) 313-5722 View (628) 313-5722
Photo of Dr. Josie Valderrama, PsyD, MA, Psychologist
Dr. Josie Valderrama
Psychologist, PsyD, MA
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110
Life is a cycle of learning, healing, growth. Feeling stymied or creatively blocked? I am a psychologist & creative coach who may be able to help. Do you know what you want & can't seem to get there? I know what it feels like to be frustrated, bogged down or confused. Take that courageous and momentum-building first step! Support greater insight, fulfillment & peace of mind via expert counseling for your heroic journey. An energized collaboration involving compassionate psychoeducation, talk therapy & experiential processes. Say yes to mindfulness, transcending self-limiting beliefs, and transforming challenges into breakthroughs.
Life is a cycle of learning, healing, growth. Feeling stymied or creatively blocked? I am a psychologist & creative coach who may be able to help. Do you know what you want & can't seem to get there? I know what it feels like to be frustrated, bogged down or confused. Take that courageous and momentum-building first step! Support greater insight, fulfillment & peace of mind via expert counseling for your heroic journey. An energized collaboration involving compassionate psychoeducation, talk therapy & experiential processes. Say yes to mindfulness, transcending self-limiting beliefs, and transforming challenges into breakthroughs.
(415) 549-1773 View (415) 549-1773
Photo of Nicole Chung, PsyD, Psychologist
Nicole Chung
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110
Do you feel like life's obstacles have become too overwhelming? If so, you're not alone. I can help you overcome such obstacles. Through psychotherapy, I help individuals live happier, healthier and more productive lives. Breaking through your obstacles begins with you. Contact me and we start your journey toward wellness.
Do you feel like life's obstacles have become too overwhelming? If so, you're not alone. I can help you overcome such obstacles. Through psychotherapy, I help individuals live happier, healthier and more productive lives. Breaking through your obstacles begins with you. Contact me and we start your journey toward wellness.
(415) 943-5255 View (415) 943-5255
Photo of Fawzia Campana, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Fawzia Campana
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94103
If you are experiencing issues related to depression, anxiety, relationship problems, work concerns, if you want to experience a more positive sense of yourself, I can support you in addressing your concerns while learning the skills necessary to create a more fulfilling life.
If you are experiencing issues related to depression, anxiety, relationship problems, work concerns, if you want to experience a more positive sense of yourself, I can support you in addressing your concerns while learning the skills necessary to create a more fulfilling life.
(415) 562-6421 View (415) 562-6421
Photo of undefined - The Clinic Without Walls, Pre-Licensed Professional
The Clinic Without Walls
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94103
The Clinic Without Walls (TCWOW) offers FREE SERVICES to Bay Area residents. Our clinic provides a wide range of psychological services including individual, couple, family, and group therapy. We work with children, adults, and families. The clinic aims to increase clients' capacity to identify mental health needs and to access services through which they will be respected and effectively treated.The clinic is oriented to serving the needs of diverse populations and particularly those people historically discriminated against on the basis of race, sexual orientation, economic status, and other socio-cultural factors.
The Clinic Without Walls (TCWOW) offers FREE SERVICES to Bay Area residents. Our clinic provides a wide range of psychological services including individual, couple, family, and group therapy. We work with children, adults, and families. The clinic aims to increase clients' capacity to identify mental health needs and to access services through which they will be respected and effectively treated.The clinic is oriented to serving the needs of diverse populations and particularly those people historically discriminated against on the basis of race, sexual orientation, economic status, and other socio-cultural factors.
(415) 325-2763 View (415) 325-2763
Photo of Dr. Simrin Kang, PsyD, Psychologist
Dr. Simrin Kang
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94103  (Online Only)
As a licensed clinical psychologist I work with clients with a wide range of problems, including anxiety, depression, relationship issues, low self-esteem, low motivation, chronic trauma, and disappointment with life circumstances. We will look together at how you consciously and unconsciously think, feel, and act in your daily life, and where you may be stuck or holding yourself back. We will use what we find to increase emotional balance, and stimulate your capacity to grow and live a life that feels meaningful to you.
As a licensed clinical psychologist I work with clients with a wide range of problems, including anxiety, depression, relationship issues, low self-esteem, low motivation, chronic trauma, and disappointment with life circumstances. We will look together at how you consciously and unconsciously think, feel, and act in your daily life, and where you may be stuck or holding yourself back. We will use what we find to increase emotional balance, and stimulate your capacity to grow and live a life that feels meaningful to you.
(415) 539-1705 View (415) 539-1705
Photo of George J Moore, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
George J Moore
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110  (Online Only)
You finally left the office after another long day. This should be when you can take a deep breath and relax, but it’s not. The day’s stress is still with you, and you have no way to shut it off. And in some ways, this is more comfortable for you. You’ve spent so long training yourself to ignore your own needs that it’s easier to stay focused on everyone and everything else. But lately, you’ve begun to wonder what it’s all for. You see other people enjoying full lives. Meanwhile, you’re stuck in this narrow existence. You love your career, but there must be more to life than this. It’s time to make a change.
You finally left the office after another long day. This should be when you can take a deep breath and relax, but it’s not. The day’s stress is still with you, and you have no way to shut it off. And in some ways, this is more comfortable for you. You’ve spent so long training yourself to ignore your own needs that it’s easier to stay focused on everyone and everything else. But lately, you’ve begun to wonder what it’s all for. You see other people enjoying full lives. Meanwhile, you’re stuck in this narrow existence. You love your career, but there must be more to life than this. It’s time to make a change.
(707) 309-7093 View (707) 309-7093
Photo of Will Reyes, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Will Reyes
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110
In these difficult times, it’s normal to feel inundated by our stressful environment. Maybe you’re looking for healing, or motivation to realize your full potential. My passion is helping adolescents and adults realize healthy perceptions of themselves while developing resilient habits and lasting coping strategies.
In these difficult times, it’s normal to feel inundated by our stressful environment. Maybe you’re looking for healing, or motivation to realize your full potential. My passion is helping adolescents and adults realize healthy perceptions of themselves while developing resilient habits and lasting coping strategies.
View
Photo of Jana Gottfried, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jana Gottfried
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110
Hello, my name is, Jana Gottfried, and I am a licensed clinical social worker. I am passionate about helping people work through issues around anxiety, depression, addiction, trauma, and life challenges. I work with people struggling with depression, anxiety, trauma, issues of grief, life transitions, and issues around chronic illnesses. My therapeutic approach is with cognitive behavioral therapy because CBT gives you concrete tools to gain more control over your emotions and work through issues. I also use mindfulness, creative visualization exercises, to learn how to trust your own intuition and emotions.
Hello, my name is, Jana Gottfried, and I am a licensed clinical social worker. I am passionate about helping people work through issues around anxiety, depression, addiction, trauma, and life challenges. I work with people struggling with depression, anxiety, trauma, issues of grief, life transitions, and issues around chronic illnesses. My therapeutic approach is with cognitive behavioral therapy because CBT gives you concrete tools to gain more control over your emotions and work through issues. I also use mindfulness, creative visualization exercises, to learn how to trust your own intuition and emotions.
(415) 993-4536 View (415) 993-4536
Photo of William Brock, LCP, Psychologist
William Brock
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110
Hello! My name is Dr. William Brock or Dr. Bill, and I have been practicing for over 30 years as a licensed psychologist in California. I have a Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) in psychology from the University of Southern California. I also have credentials in school psychology and counseling. My training includes an extensive background in CBT (Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy) as well as many other evidence-based treatment approaches to therapy. I work with adults with a wide range of anxiety, depression, substance use, and other compulsive behaviors.
Hello! My name is Dr. William Brock or Dr. Bill, and I have been practicing for over 30 years as a licensed psychologist in California. I have a Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) in psychology from the University of Southern California. I also have credentials in school psychology and counseling. My training includes an extensive background in CBT (Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy) as well as many other evidence-based treatment approaches to therapy. I work with adults with a wide range of anxiety, depression, substance use, and other compulsive behaviors.
(415) 323-6250 View (415) 323-6250
Photo of Jill E Hartman, LMFT, MA, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jill E Hartman
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110
When life feels overwhelming, finding meaning and connection can feel elusive. Layer on the struggles inherent in our current world—family dynamics, life transitions, climate anxiety—you name it, and it’s no wonder it can feel impossible. In my work, I help people navigate life’s murky waters, and the feelings of inertia that can come with the territory. Helping people connect with, and stay true to, their authentic selves is what makes my work meaningful. I work particularly well with clients who struggle in relationships (including with adult family members), as well as adults with ADHD or those who suspect they might have ADHD.
When life feels overwhelming, finding meaning and connection can feel elusive. Layer on the struggles inherent in our current world—family dynamics, life transitions, climate anxiety—you name it, and it’s no wonder it can feel impossible. In my work, I help people navigate life’s murky waters, and the feelings of inertia that can come with the territory. Helping people connect with, and stay true to, their authentic selves is what makes my work meaningful. I work particularly well with clients who struggle in relationships (including with adult family members), as well as adults with ADHD or those who suspect they might have ADHD.
(510) 913-9384 View (510) 913-9384
Photo of Frances Mulcahy, MA, AMFT
Frances Mulcahy
Associate Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I am a bilingual therapist of color who is passionate about serving my BIPOC community. My clients are diverse in every way, and have typically experienced a wide range of adversity. If you are looking for a non-judgmental space to explore why you think, behave, and feel like you do, or why you may be choosing certain kinds of relationships, I may be able to help. I want to assist you in uncovering the best and truest things about yourself, and to be a gentle guide as you unlearn old ways of being that do not align with who you want to become.
I am a bilingual therapist of color who is passionate about serving my BIPOC community. My clients are diverse in every way, and have typically experienced a wide range of adversity. If you are looking for a non-judgmental space to explore why you think, behave, and feel like you do, or why you may be choosing certain kinds of relationships, I may be able to help. I want to assist you in uncovering the best and truest things about yourself, and to be a gentle guide as you unlearn old ways of being that do not align with who you want to become.
(415) 918-6655 View (415) 918-6655
Photo of Ryan B Dooley, MA, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Ryan B Dooley
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110  (Online Only)
I work with gay/queer individuals and relationships (couples/polycules). Identity, transition, and shame come up regularly in my sessions, and I welcome exploration of sex, from kink/BDSM to pleasure to communication. I focus on anxiety, including self-blame, perfectionism, and body concerns. With relationships (monogamous, open, and poly), we'll evaluate your current goals and needs before exploring new ways of connecting, with joy and self-compassion. Bring your whole self and we'll get curious together.
I work with gay/queer individuals and relationships (couples/polycules). Identity, transition, and shame come up regularly in my sessions, and I welcome exploration of sex, from kink/BDSM to pleasure to communication. I focus on anxiety, including self-blame, perfectionism, and body concerns. With relationships (monogamous, open, and poly), we'll evaluate your current goals and needs before exploring new ways of connecting, with joy and self-compassion. Bring your whole self and we'll get curious together.
(415) 840-3508 View (415) 840-3508
Photo of Rebekah Smith, LPCC, Counselor
Rebekah Smith
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110  (Online Only)
There comes a point for many of us when we realize that we don’t want to face our problems alone. We are human after all, and a part of what defines that humanity is our need for each other. Maybe it’s difficult for you to acknowledge this desire. You may be afraid to let people in and get close. You might tend to give more than you get back. Sometimes you might not even know what is that you're needing. Maybe you find yourself stuck in the same patterns you thought you had broken. You might feel self-critical. You may be marginalized and feel unseen and unheard. Feelings of hopelessness, grief, and anxiety might overwhelm you.
There comes a point for many of us when we realize that we don’t want to face our problems alone. We are human after all, and a part of what defines that humanity is our need for each other. Maybe it’s difficult for you to acknowledge this desire. You may be afraid to let people in and get close. You might tend to give more than you get back. Sometimes you might not even know what is that you're needing. Maybe you find yourself stuck in the same patterns you thought you had broken. You might feel self-critical. You may be marginalized and feel unseen and unheard. Feelings of hopelessness, grief, and anxiety might overwhelm you.
(628) 238-5844 View (628) 238-5844
Photo of Jennifer Knox, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jennifer Knox
Marriage & Family Therapist, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110  (Online Only)
Often, the beliefs we carry about ourselves don't originate with us, or it can be hard to locate the source of our emotions. Maybe certain thoughts and memories seem like they are more than you can handle; or perhaps you are well aware of patterns you would like to change but don't know where to start. When we are in the thick of things, we are too close to see clearly. What therapy offers is another set of eyes, an aerial view that enables you to observe our own life more objectively. Part of my job is to help you hold what feels like "too much", remind you of your own strength, and to figure out a path forward together.
Often, the beliefs we carry about ourselves don't originate with us, or it can be hard to locate the source of our emotions. Maybe certain thoughts and memories seem like they are more than you can handle; or perhaps you are well aware of patterns you would like to change but don't know where to start. When we are in the thick of things, we are too close to see clearly. What therapy offers is another set of eyes, an aerial view that enables you to observe our own life more objectively. Part of my job is to help you hold what feels like "too much", remind you of your own strength, and to figure out a path forward together.
(628) 257-8932 View (628) 257-8932
Photo of Dan Scharlack, MA, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Dan Scharlack
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Mission, San Francisco, CA 94110
What is it you most deeply want? I can help you find your natural strengths and let go of old beliefs and painful emotions that stand in the way of you loving the life you live. Through a mindful and compassionate inquiry into places where you feel stuck, I help you to extinguish negative patterns and to recognize and express your true gifts in the world. Many of my clients are artists and creative professionals. My specialties include helping you to have more fulfilling relationships, expand your creativity, overcome addictive patterns, develop your self-esteem, and experience greater personal growth.
What is it you most deeply want? I can help you find your natural strengths and let go of old beliefs and painful emotions that stand in the way of you loving the life you live. Through a mindful and compassionate inquiry into places where you feel stuck, I help you to extinguish negative patterns and to recognize and express your true gifts in the world. Many of my clients are artists and creative professionals. My specialties include helping you to have more fulfilling relationships, expand your creativity, overcome addictive patterns, develop your self-esteem, and experience greater personal growth.
(415) 704-8638 View (415) 704-8638

See more therapy options for Mission, San Francisco

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Mission, San Francisco, CA

500+

Average cost per session

$195

Therapists in Mission, San Francisco, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
75% Relationship Issues
70% Grief
70% Life Transitions
69% Self Esteem
68% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

73% Aetna
56% Anthem | Elevance
53% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Mission, San Francisco, CA see their clients

50% Online Only
50% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

72% Female
25% Male
3% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Mission, San Francisco?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.