Therapists in Downtown, San Francisco, CA

Photo of Asya Grigorieva, Psychologist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Asya Grigorieva
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102
Do you feel you have it all/have enough, but do not feel satisfied, content, happy, or at peace? Do you want to find meaning and purpose in your life? Do you want to examine the root causes of your emotional suffering instead of putting a bandaid on your symptoms? If so, I invite you to schedule a 20-minute consultation with me to begin exploring your transformation. I can help you to learn to trust yourself, discern what you have and don't have control/responsibility over, and find your center/ true north, which you can utilize to make decisions more effectively and flow through life's ups and downs with more ease.
Do you feel you have it all/have enough, but do not feel satisfied, content, happy, or at peace? Do you want to find meaning and purpose in your life? Do you want to examine the root causes of your emotional suffering instead of putting a bandaid on your symptoms? If so, I invite you to schedule a 20-minute consultation with me to begin exploring your transformation. I can help you to learn to trust yourself, discern what you have and don't have control/responsibility over, and find your center/ true north, which you can utilize to make decisions more effectively and flow through life's ups and downs with more ease.
(415) 935-4922 View (415) 935-4922
Photo of Catalina Uribe-Kling, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Catalina Uribe-Kling
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94146  (Online Only)
I can help you find a felt sense of safety and wellbeing within yourself. My goal is to help you obtain compassion for your self so that a more clear understanding of your path and options becomes available to you. This will help you to heal heart and mind and to grow towards your highest self in a loving and kind way. I have worked as a psychotherapist in several countries, I work with a multicultural lens and I am natively bilingual in English and Spanish.
I can help you find a felt sense of safety and wellbeing within yourself. My goal is to help you obtain compassion for your self so that a more clear understanding of your path and options becomes available to you. This will help you to heal heart and mind and to grow towards your highest self in a loving and kind way. I have worked as a psychotherapist in several countries, I work with a multicultural lens and I am natively bilingual in English and Spanish.
(415) 358-0068 View (415) 358-0068
Photo of Daniel C McCracken, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Daniel C McCracken
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102
We all have an abundance of inner strength, courage and potential available to us. You may be experiencing difficulty accessing these strengths or carrying them into all areas of your life for a variety of reasons. You may also be caught up in experiencing difficulties that don’t allow you to find the inertia or ability to get to your potential. Some of these difficulties that I work to alleviate so that you can find a more rewarding life are: ANXIETY, DEPRESSION, LOW SELF-ESTEEM, FEELINGS OF BEING STUCK, RELATIONSHIPS, Grief
We all have an abundance of inner strength, courage and potential available to us. You may be experiencing difficulty accessing these strengths or carrying them into all areas of your life for a variety of reasons. You may also be caught up in experiencing difficulties that don’t allow you to find the inertia or ability to get to your potential. Some of these difficulties that I work to alleviate so that you can find a more rewarding life are: ANXIETY, DEPRESSION, LOW SELF-ESTEEM, FEELINGS OF BEING STUCK, RELATIONSHIPS, Grief
(415) 742-1941 View (415) 742-1941
Photo of Bella Yousif, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Bella Yousif
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102
We cannot get through life without experiencing difficult times. None of us can. Whether it's dissatisfaction in a relationship, family conflict, career predicament, trauma, or personal distress, we all experience suffering at some point. And yet, how we respond can make all the difference in our future and the future of those we love. Therapy can often be one of the first steps on a path toward a life that is fulfilling and allows you to be your authentic self. The best place to start is right where you are; the time to start is now.
We cannot get through life without experiencing difficult times. None of us can. Whether it's dissatisfaction in a relationship, family conflict, career predicament, trauma, or personal distress, we all experience suffering at some point. And yet, how we respond can make all the difference in our future and the future of those we love. Therapy can often be one of the first steps on a path toward a life that is fulfilling and allows you to be your authentic self. The best place to start is right where you are; the time to start is now.
(628) 345-2619 View (628) 345-2619
Photo of Dario Martinez, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Dario Martinez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102  (Online Only)
Thank you for visiting my profile. I feel honored whenever people allow me into their lives—especially when they don’t know me. As a therapist, my primary areas of focus are trauma, addictions, anxiety and relationships.
Thank you for visiting my profile. I feel honored whenever people allow me into their lives—especially when they don’t know me. As a therapist, my primary areas of focus are trauma, addictions, anxiety and relationships.
(415) 481-3580 View (415) 481-3580
Photo of Lauren Smith, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Lauren Smith
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102  (Online Only)
In my practice, I help you to live the life that you want. We will uncover the things that are keeping you from being as happy and fulfilled as you would like to be. With an integration of many different treatment orientations, I implement the techniques that are the most effective for your particular needs. My mission is to empower and educate you so that eventually, you can be your own therapist.
In my practice, I help you to live the life that you want. We will uncover the things that are keeping you from being as happy and fulfilled as you would like to be. With an integration of many different treatment orientations, I implement the techniques that are the most effective for your particular needs. My mission is to empower and educate you so that eventually, you can be your own therapist.
(628) 600-1689 View (628) 600-1689
Photo of Kristin Bradach, Psychologist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Kristin Bradach
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102
With 25+ years of experience as a clinical psychologist, I provide compassionate, personalized care to college students and adults of all ages. I help clients find their best path, whether that be by managing emotional or interpersonal distress, or negotiating major life transitions such as job changes, parenthood, separations, loss and other challenges.
With 25+ years of experience as a clinical psychologist, I provide compassionate, personalized care to college students and adults of all ages. I help clients find their best path, whether that be by managing emotional or interpersonal distress, or negotiating major life transitions such as job changes, parenthood, separations, loss and other challenges.
(415) 539-2963 View (415) 539-2963
Photo of Annu Sood, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Annu Sood
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94103  (Online Only)
Hello! My name is Annu, and I am a therapist in San Francisco (and online). I work with immigrants and adult-children of immigrants....also known as Third Culture Kids (TCK) or First Generation Americans. I work with multi-cultural and multi-racial couples, many of whom are people of color. I work with successful, career-driven achievers. I belong to each of these demographics - my parents immigrated to the US in 1971, and I worked in the corporate world for nearly 2 decades, climbing the corporate ladder rapidly before pivoting my career by going back to school to study counseling psychology. I work virtually via Zoom or phone.
Hello! My name is Annu, and I am a therapist in San Francisco (and online). I work with immigrants and adult-children of immigrants....also known as Third Culture Kids (TCK) or First Generation Americans. I work with multi-cultural and multi-racial couples, many of whom are people of color. I work with successful, career-driven achievers. I belong to each of these demographics - my parents immigrated to the US in 1971, and I worked in the corporate world for nearly 2 decades, climbing the corporate ladder rapidly before pivoting my career by going back to school to study counseling psychology. I work virtually via Zoom or phone.
(415) 942-8008 View (415) 942-8008
Photo of Nicole Abeleda, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Nicole Abeleda
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
Hello there! I'm Nicole "Nikki" Abeleda, and I'm thrilled to connect with you. I proudly identify as a First-Generation Queer Filipinx, embracing she/they/siya pronouns. If you’re navigating the intricate intersection of mental health and identity as an LGBTQIA+, BIPOC individual, remember you’re not alone. My ideal client is someone prepared to embark on a journey of self-discovery and healing. I collaborate with those recognizing the significance of their unique narrative, eager to (re)imagine their space in the world.
Hello there! I'm Nicole "Nikki" Abeleda, and I'm thrilled to connect with you. I proudly identify as a First-Generation Queer Filipinx, embracing she/they/siya pronouns. If you’re navigating the intricate intersection of mental health and identity as an LGBTQIA+, BIPOC individual, remember you’re not alone. My ideal client is someone prepared to embark on a journey of self-discovery and healing. I collaborate with those recognizing the significance of their unique narrative, eager to (re)imagine their space in the world.
(925) 678-6511 View (925) 678-6511
Photo of Vickie Vann, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Vickie Vann, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94108
After over 25 years as a therapist I have pulled together what I have found to be the most effective methods to create change. My approach is interactive, respectful and down-to-earth. When we meet, I will listen carefully, help you clarify your feelings and help you figure out what you can do to make your situation better. We will form specific, achievable goals and our work will be about attaining those goals.
After over 25 years as a therapist I have pulled together what I have found to be the most effective methods to create change. My approach is interactive, respectful and down-to-earth. When we meet, I will listen carefully, help you clarify your feelings and help you figure out what you can do to make your situation better. We will form specific, achievable goals and our work will be about attaining those goals.
(415) 967-5234 View (415) 967-5234
Photo of Jamie Bennett, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Jamie Bennett
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94109  (Online Only)
Jamie Bennett is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in the state of California with over 8 years of counseling experience. She specializes in treating children, teens, and adults who are suffering from anxiety disorders, depression, life transitions, mood, and personality disorders. She has honed a comprehensive therapeutic style to best support patients’ sustainable life changes. Jamie currently works in an individual capacity with adolescents and adults, identifying their most pervasive symptoms with the intention of liberating them from their emotional confines.
Jamie Bennett is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in the state of California with over 8 years of counseling experience. She specializes in treating children, teens, and adults who are suffering from anxiety disorders, depression, life transitions, mood, and personality disorders. She has honed a comprehensive therapeutic style to best support patients’ sustainable life changes. Jamie currently works in an individual capacity with adolescents and adults, identifying their most pervasive symptoms with the intention of liberating them from their emotional confines.
(707) 238-7092 View (707) 238-7092
Photo of Alyssa Casimiro, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Alyssa Casimiro
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94108  (Online Only)
I work with AAPI Millennial and Generation Z women grappling with anxiety and imposter syndrome. My mission is to empower you to reclaim self-confidence, discover clarity, and embrace your authentic selves. Whether you're navigating life transitions or seeking to explore generational trauma and family patterns, I'm here to provide support and guidance every step of the way. With a profound connection to Guam, the birthplace of my parents, I'm rooted in the rich tapestry of Chamoru culture, fostering a deep appreciation for the values of community and family.
I work with AAPI Millennial and Generation Z women grappling with anxiety and imposter syndrome. My mission is to empower you to reclaim self-confidence, discover clarity, and embrace your authentic selves. Whether you're navigating life transitions or seeking to explore generational trauma and family patterns, I'm here to provide support and guidance every step of the way. With a profound connection to Guam, the birthplace of my parents, I'm rooted in the rich tapestry of Chamoru culture, fostering a deep appreciation for the values of community and family.
(925) 744-6216 x4 View (925) 744-6216 x4
Photo of Alexa Gutierrez, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Alexa Gutierrez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102  (Online Only)
My clinical approach is multi-disciplinary and rooted in psychodynamic theory, existential psychology, mindfulness, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT). I also have a background in integrative health and wellness, which can contribute to a more in-depth perspective on treatment. My style is collaborative, intuitive, direct, and non-judgemental, and I encourage clients to be true to themselves and transparent. Although treatment is based on an individual's needs and goals, principle themes in all treatment are to help one regain one’s confidence and strength and to reinforce one’s resiliency.
My clinical approach is multi-disciplinary and rooted in psychodynamic theory, existential psychology, mindfulness, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT). I also have a background in integrative health and wellness, which can contribute to a more in-depth perspective on treatment. My style is collaborative, intuitive, direct, and non-judgemental, and I encourage clients to be true to themselves and transparent. Although treatment is based on an individual's needs and goals, principle themes in all treatment are to help one regain one’s confidence and strength and to reinforce one’s resiliency.
(415) 851-3427 View (415) 851-3427
Photo of Demetry Apostle, Psychologist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Demetry Apostle
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102
Searching for new meaning and exploring life’s possibilities often stems from painful experiences from our past or current situations. I aspire to cultivate a safe environment with my clients so that they may explore new possibilities and develop an enriching curiosity about themselves. Reaching out for help takes strength and courage. I believe that helping my clients identify and sort through their issues while fostering their strengths is the catalyst that brings about the regenerative change they seek.
Searching for new meaning and exploring life’s possibilities often stems from painful experiences from our past or current situations. I aspire to cultivate a safe environment with my clients so that they may explore new possibilities and develop an enriching curiosity about themselves. Reaching out for help takes strength and courage. I believe that helping my clients identify and sort through their issues while fostering their strengths is the catalyst that brings about the regenerative change they seek.
(415) 915-0403 View (415) 915-0403
Photo of Emily Means @ The Connective, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Emily Means @ The Connective
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102
I’m thrilled to work with anyone feeling called towards expanding what’s already working, identifying and addressing what’s not, and increasing their capacity for compassion with self and others along the way. I'm a particularly good match for clients who bring a willingness to think and act creatively, are process oriented, and have a sense of humor and a desire to play.
I’m thrilled to work with anyone feeling called towards expanding what’s already working, identifying and addressing what’s not, and increasing their capacity for compassion with self and others along the way. I'm a particularly good match for clients who bring a willingness to think and act creatively, are process oriented, and have a sense of humor and a desire to play.
(628) 257-7722 View (628) 257-7722
Photo of Hawlan Ng, Psychologist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Hawlan Ng
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102
If you are struggling with unbearable feelings, loneliness, identity issues, shame, guilt, and/or relationship difficulties, I offer a safe, non-judgmental space for you to explore yourself in relation to your world. My approach rests on the belief that our ways of understanding and coping with the present may be limited by our previous experiences. By working together, we find new expanded ways to help you understand and cope more effectively.
If you are struggling with unbearable feelings, loneliness, identity issues, shame, guilt, and/or relationship difficulties, I offer a safe, non-judgmental space for you to explore yourself in relation to your world. My approach rests on the belief that our ways of understanding and coping with the present may be limited by our previous experiences. By working together, we find new expanded ways to help you understand and cope more effectively.
(415) 965-3587 View (415) 965-3587
Golden Gate Counseling Center
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102
At Golden Gate Integral Counseling Center, we believe that quality mental health care is a human right. We are dedicated to providing affordable professional psychotherapy to adults and children, couples, and families living in the SF Bay Area. Our sliding-fee scale is structured to accommodate people of all income levels and life situations. The Center provides a supportive and inclusive environment, and services designed to facilitate healing during times of emotional stress, confusion, and pain. Our therapists' approaches are tailored to each unique client and recognize the desire of individuals to find answers within.
At Golden Gate Integral Counseling Center, we believe that quality mental health care is a human right. We are dedicated to providing affordable professional psychotherapy to adults and children, couples, and families living in the SF Bay Area. Our sliding-fee scale is structured to accommodate people of all income levels and life situations. The Center provides a supportive and inclusive environment, and services designed to facilitate healing during times of emotional stress, confusion, and pain. Our therapists' approaches are tailored to each unique client and recognize the desire of individuals to find answers within.
(415) 965-5960 View (415) 965-5960
Photo of Dr. Katiah Llerena, Psychologist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Dr. Katiah Llerena
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I am a licensed clinical psychologist providing scientifically-based individual psychotherapy for adults experiencing stress, anxiety, depression, grief, relationship difficulties, life transitions, and other painful challenges. I can help you understand and navigate life stressors that affect your emotional health and impact your behaviors. Together, we can also work on increasing your motivation and resilience to help you achieve your personal and professional goals. Although I work with all adults, I have extensive experience working with young professionals and high-performing individuals. I also specialize in dating coaching.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist providing scientifically-based individual psychotherapy for adults experiencing stress, anxiety, depression, grief, relationship difficulties, life transitions, and other painful challenges. I can help you understand and navigate life stressors that affect your emotional health and impact your behaviors. Together, we can also work on increasing your motivation and resilience to help you achieve your personal and professional goals. Although I work with all adults, I have extensive experience working with young professionals and high-performing individuals. I also specialize in dating coaching.
(628) 345-7310 View (628) 345-7310
Photo of Brianda DeCastro, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Brianda DeCastro
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102  (Online Only)
No matter who we are or what our background in life, much of our behavior is influenced by our unconscious mind, and I have learned that facing these unconscious motives in a relational therapy setting can lead to psychological healing, especially when combined with the physical body and somatic experiences. I enjoy engaging with clients in exploration, analysis, and reflective interpretation, and through this, developing a path of healing and growth.
No matter who we are or what our background in life, much of our behavior is influenced by our unconscious mind, and I have learned that facing these unconscious motives in a relational therapy setting can lead to psychological healing, especially when combined with the physical body and somatic experiences. I enjoy engaging with clients in exploration, analysis, and reflective interpretation, and through this, developing a path of healing and growth.
(628) 277-5615 View (628) 277-5615
Photo of Tara Griffith Baker @ The Connective, Marriage & Family Therapist in Downtown, San Francisco, CA
Tara Griffith Baker @ The Connective
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Downtown, San Francisco, CA 94102
Not accepting new clients
Hello! I'm Tara, and my job is to empower people to become the best version of themselves. I provide therapy and life coaching services and am particularly passionate about working with the specific challenges faced by young adults living in Bay Area. My clients will tell you that I'm accepting, interactive and humorous. I believe deeply in the power of positivity and personal connection. My specialty areas include: life transitions, navigating your 20's/30's (quarter-life crises), self-esteem, body image, disordered eating, anxiety , stress management, dating and relationships, healthy communication, and entrepreneurial stress.
Hello! I'm Tara, and my job is to empower people to become the best version of themselves. I provide therapy and life coaching services and am particularly passionate about working with the specific challenges faced by young adults living in Bay Area. My clients will tell you that I'm accepting, interactive and humorous. I believe deeply in the power of positivity and personal connection. My specialty areas include: life transitions, navigating your 20's/30's (quarter-life crises), self-esteem, body image, disordered eating, anxiety , stress management, dating and relationships, healthy communication, and entrepreneurial stress.
(628) 444-4770 View (628) 444-4770

See more therapy options for Downtown, San Francisco

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Downtown, San Francisco, CA

1,000+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in Downtown, San Francisco, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
87% Depression
83% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
72% Trauma and PTSD
67% Stress
66% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

72% Aetna
57% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
55% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Downtown, San Francisco, CA see their clients

51% Online Only
49% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

76% Female
23% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Downtown, San Francisco?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.