Therapists in Midtown, San Diego, CA

Photo of Erica Basso, Marriage & Family Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Erica Basso
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103  (Online Only)
I work with high-achieving women who may be struggling with anxiety, stress, perfectionism, and relationship challenges. You may be feeling confused or lost as to what needs to change to live a more meaningful life. I help guide women to reconnect with themselves and find peace and fulfillment in their lives. What you are experiencing is part of the human experience and you don’t have to go through these painful experiences alone.
I work with high-achieving women who may be struggling with anxiety, stress, perfectionism, and relationship challenges. You may be feeling confused or lost as to what needs to change to live a more meaningful life. I help guide women to reconnect with themselves and find peace and fulfillment in their lives. What you are experiencing is part of the human experience and you don’t have to go through these painful experiences alone.
(747) 281-3143 View (747) 281-3143
Photo of Mu-Lan Chau, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Mu-Lan Chau
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103  (Online Only)
Hello there! I'm Mu-Lan, and I'm here to collaborate together on your life journey. With a compassionate heart and an open mind, I invite you to explore the depths of your emotions and experiences in a safe and supportive space. As an immigrant, I value community, the complexities, and the influences that have transformed my identity. Whether you're navigating life's challenges or simply seeking a listening ear, I'm here to provide a collaborative space where you are the expert of your own life.
Hello there! I'm Mu-Lan, and I'm here to collaborate together on your life journey. With a compassionate heart and an open mind, I invite you to explore the depths of your emotions and experiences in a safe and supportive space. As an immigrant, I value community, the complexities, and the influences that have transformed my identity. Whether you're navigating life's challenges or simply seeking a listening ear, I'm here to provide a collaborative space where you are the expert of your own life.
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Photo of Hillcrest Psychological Associates in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Hillcrest Psychological Associates
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
Having difficulty finding a therapist with an opening? We have over 28 clinicians ready for you to choose from. Often, the decision to seek therapy involves courage and strength. Through a trusting partnership and genuine connection, counseling can help improve your quality of life and increase self-esteem. We treat a variety of issues, including depression, anxiety, trauma/PTSD, grief, and counseling specific to the LGBTQ+ community and college/graduate students. No matter what you’re seeking therapy for, one aspect remains the same: our dedication to your well-being.
Having difficulty finding a therapist with an opening? We have over 28 clinicians ready for you to choose from. Often, the decision to seek therapy involves courage and strength. Through a trusting partnership and genuine connection, counseling can help improve your quality of life and increase self-esteem. We treat a variety of issues, including depression, anxiety, trauma/PTSD, grief, and counseling specific to the LGBTQ+ community and college/graduate students. No matter what you’re seeking therapy for, one aspect remains the same: our dedication to your well-being.
(619) 940-1186 x10 View (619) 940-1186 x10
Photo of Jennifer Schere, Psychologist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Jennifer Schere
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
Psychotherapy is a deeply personal experience that can relieve anxiety and depression, and foster authentic connection and meaning in our lives. In my work for 20 years now as a psychologist and author, I remain committed and passionate about helping clients uncover early dynamics that still seem to interfere with securing the kind of relationships and positive feelings about ourselves that we all strive for. I often find myself in the role of gently reminding clients about the parts of themselves that have temporarily gone underground, and are vital to their creativity and well-being.
Psychotherapy is a deeply personal experience that can relieve anxiety and depression, and foster authentic connection and meaning in our lives. In my work for 20 years now as a psychologist and author, I remain committed and passionate about helping clients uncover early dynamics that still seem to interfere with securing the kind of relationships and positive feelings about ourselves that we all strive for. I often find myself in the role of gently reminding clients about the parts of themselves that have temporarily gone underground, and are vital to their creativity and well-being.
(619) 320-4435 View (619) 320-4435
Photo of Marina Walker Rose, PhD, Marriage & Family Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Marina Walker Rose, PhD
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103  (Online Only)
All journeys, including epic ones like yours, require provisions and tools, and you may be longing for support that’s as kind as it is wise, safe, nurturing, and true. Whether you're struggling in the Terrible Desert or leaving the City of Stability in search of the City of Joy, YOUR path is unique, dynamic and ever unfolding. Finding perspectives that bring relief, peace, and freedom — especially in times of transition and suffering — is a part of how we heal, get to thriving and write the story of our wholeness.
All journeys, including epic ones like yours, require provisions and tools, and you may be longing for support that’s as kind as it is wise, safe, nurturing, and true. Whether you're struggling in the Terrible Desert or leaving the City of Stability in search of the City of Joy, YOUR path is unique, dynamic and ever unfolding. Finding perspectives that bring relief, peace, and freedom — especially in times of transition and suffering — is a part of how we heal, get to thriving and write the story of our wholeness.
(619) 273-0483 View (619) 273-0483
Photo of Cristina Antonucci, Psychologist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Cristina Antonucci
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
Not accepting new clients
Life can leave us feeling stuck and disconnected from ourselves and our communities. Often, symptoms are natural reactions to painful circumstances and foreclose access to our innate wisdom and ability to navigate tough situations. I believe in the unique healing journey of each individual and work with you to open space and reconnect with your authentic ways of being. I help folks get curious about their life, get unstuck from difficult patterns, make meaning of life experiences, and ultimately create more choice and freedom.
Life can leave us feeling stuck and disconnected from ourselves and our communities. Often, symptoms are natural reactions to painful circumstances and foreclose access to our innate wisdom and ability to navigate tough situations. I believe in the unique healing journey of each individual and work with you to open space and reconnect with your authentic ways of being. I help folks get curious about their life, get unstuck from difficult patterns, make meaning of life experiences, and ultimately create more choice and freedom.
(760) 304-1907 View (760) 304-1907
Photo of Tay Richardson, Pre-Licensed Professional in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Tay Richardson
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, MS, APCC
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
Waitlist for new clients
I am a Black, trans/nonbinary, and queer therapist who aims to form collaborative relationships with my clients and provide liberating mental health services. My goal is to provide a supportive environment where folks can openly explore their identities and lived experiences. I aim to help you discover your strengths and push you in your areas of growth towards healing. I have experience working with a variety of ages, identities, and backgrounds. I am specifically passionate about working with neurodiverse populations, queer and trans communities, people of color, and non traditional relationship dynamics (non-monogamy/kink).
I am a Black, trans/nonbinary, and queer therapist who aims to form collaborative relationships with my clients and provide liberating mental health services. My goal is to provide a supportive environment where folks can openly explore their identities and lived experiences. I aim to help you discover your strengths and push you in your areas of growth towards healing. I have experience working with a variety of ages, identities, and backgrounds. I am specifically passionate about working with neurodiverse populations, queer and trans communities, people of color, and non traditional relationship dynamics (non-monogamy/kink).
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Photo of Scott D Altamirano, Marriage & Family Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Scott D Altamirano
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103  (Online Only)
Accepting clients Apr 2024. Without judgment, I help clients overcome addictions to alcohol, weed, sex, food, and hard drugs by helping them face the very difficult triggers behind the addictions itself (such as unaddressed depression, trauma, and self esteem, etc; I particularly work with sexual addictions). This approach can be very emotionally difficult, so I recommend only clients who are ready for major life changes apply.
Accepting clients Apr 2024. Without judgment, I help clients overcome addictions to alcohol, weed, sex, food, and hard drugs by helping them face the very difficult triggers behind the addictions itself (such as unaddressed depression, trauma, and self esteem, etc; I particularly work with sexual addictions). This approach can be very emotionally difficult, so I recommend only clients who are ready for major life changes apply.
(661) 449-2936 View (661) 449-2936
Photo of Tess Owens, Marriage & Family Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Tess Owens
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
Qualified to provide individual and family therapy. I have gained an in-depth understanding and passion for relational and family systems, trauma-informed care and experiential interventions. I am an empathic and insightful therapist with a talent for empowering clients towards positive growth. I have a successful history of achievement in academic, training and work experiences. Trained in assessment, diagnosis, treatment planning and providing psychotherapy to adults & adolescents with a wide variety of presenting problems including, depression, anxiety, trauma, dual diagnosis, self esteem, identity, relapse and addiction.
Qualified to provide individual and family therapy. I have gained an in-depth understanding and passion for relational and family systems, trauma-informed care and experiential interventions. I am an empathic and insightful therapist with a talent for empowering clients towards positive growth. I have a successful history of achievement in academic, training and work experiences. Trained in assessment, diagnosis, treatment planning and providing psychotherapy to adults & adolescents with a wide variety of presenting problems including, depression, anxiety, trauma, dual diagnosis, self esteem, identity, relapse and addiction.
(619) 431-4106 View (619) 431-4106
Photo of Scott Altamirano, Marriage & Family Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Scott Altamirano
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103  (Online Only)
Accepting clients Apr 2024. I help clients have happier and more fulfilling lives by overcoming their anxieties to create happy and healthy relationships. Let me help you learn to invest in yourself and your overall wellbeing through habit building, dating, socializing, and improving our overall self esteem!
Accepting clients Apr 2024. I help clients have happier and more fulfilling lives by overcoming their anxieties to create happy and healthy relationships. Let me help you learn to invest in yourself and your overall wellbeing through habit building, dating, socializing, and improving our overall self esteem!
(619) 824-1786 View (619) 824-1786
Photo of Kacey Truong, Pre-Licensed Professional in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Kacey Truong
Pre-Licensed Professional, ASW
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
Do you struggle with anxiety and depression due to your childhood trauma? Are you having problems with your partner or family members due to life transition issues? Are you experiencing increased stress, fears, and doubts around the future? I believe that we all have the capacity to heal our emotional wounds and create meaningful changes. My goal as a therapist is to offer you a safe place in which you can process insights, concerns, and emotions associated with trauma.
Do you struggle with anxiety and depression due to your childhood trauma? Are you having problems with your partner or family members due to life transition issues? Are you experiencing increased stress, fears, and doubts around the future? I believe that we all have the capacity to heal our emotional wounds and create meaningful changes. My goal as a therapist is to offer you a safe place in which you can process insights, concerns, and emotions associated with trauma.
(760) 263-6896 View (760) 263-6896
Photo of Terri Edwards, Marriage & Family Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Terri Edwards
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
Hello, my name is Terri Edwards, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over twenty years of experience in the Southern California area providing mental health services to individuals, couples, and families to support optimal interpersonal relationships. My focus areas of practice are anxiety, trauma, grief, relationships, and families. I have worked in Community Mental Health Clinics, School-Based settings, and Residential treatment facilities. I am a Veteran of the U.S. Navy and have had the opportunity to provide therapy to veterans and their families.
Hello, my name is Terri Edwards, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over twenty years of experience in the Southern California area providing mental health services to individuals, couples, and families to support optimal interpersonal relationships. My focus areas of practice are anxiety, trauma, grief, relationships, and families. I have worked in Community Mental Health Clinics, School-Based settings, and Residential treatment facilities. I am a Veteran of the U.S. Navy and have had the opportunity to provide therapy to veterans and their families.
(619) 863-1851 View (619) 863-1851
Photo of Shannon Little, Counselor in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Shannon Little
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103  (Online Only)
If you desire change and healing in areas of your life, I would love to walk alongside you in the counseling room to unpack your story and help you explore what that healing could look like. My aim is to provide a safe, compassionate, and authentic space for you to feel seen and known as you process your present and past. If you're hoping to address traumatic memories and PTSD symptoms, I also provide EMDR therapy as a specialized option for working through trauma and distressing experiences.
If you desire change and healing in areas of your life, I would love to walk alongside you in the counseling room to unpack your story and help you explore what that healing could look like. My aim is to provide a safe, compassionate, and authentic space for you to feel seen and known as you process your present and past. If you're hoping to address traumatic memories and PTSD symptoms, I also provide EMDR therapy as a specialized option for working through trauma and distressing experiences.
(619) 485-5451 View (619) 485-5451
Photo of Frank T Willey, Marriage & Family Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Frank T Willey
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
Seeking relief from depression or anxiety in the midst of this COVID-19 crisis? Need to repair or rebuild a love relationship? Longing to leave behind the lingering impact of a trauma, loss, or chronic distress? Want to find new motivation and direction in your life? I am here to help.
Seeking relief from depression or anxiety in the midst of this COVID-19 crisis? Need to repair or rebuild a love relationship? Longing to leave behind the lingering impact of a trauma, loss, or chronic distress? Want to find new motivation and direction in your life? I am here to help.
(619) 489-6925 View (619) 489-6925
Photo of San Diego Divorce Counseling Center Lynn Waldman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
San Diego Divorce Counseling Center Lynn Waldman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
You're disappointed in your marriage and in your partner. Your vows meant something to you. For many years, you sucked it up and hoped things would get better. Now you wonder, why did I stay for so long? If you question how you've been living your life, and how things could have gone so wrong, then you've come to the right place.
You're disappointed in your marriage and in your partner. Your vows meant something to you. For many years, you sucked it up and hoped things would get better. Now you wonder, why did I stay for so long? If you question how you've been living your life, and how things could have gone so wrong, then you've come to the right place.
(619) 796-5927 View (619) 796-5927
Photo of Erick Santos, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Erick Santos
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EMDR
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
Has trauma, anxiety, or depression interfered with the potential to become the best version of yourself? We often feel defined by traumatic or emotionally difficult experiences then often leave us feeling stuck in place rather than moving forward towards our goals. I’m here to provide a safe, affirming space for you to develop an understanding of yourself to overcome past experiences or fears that define you. Our work together will be met with unconditional acceptance, creative approaches, and the utmost compassion.
Has trauma, anxiety, or depression interfered with the potential to become the best version of yourself? We often feel defined by traumatic or emotionally difficult experiences then often leave us feeling stuck in place rather than moving forward towards our goals. I’m here to provide a safe, affirming space for you to develop an understanding of yourself to overcome past experiences or fears that define you. Our work together will be met with unconditional acceptance, creative approaches, and the utmost compassion.
(760) 254-8569 View (760) 254-8569
Photo of Graden Tonna, Marriage & Family Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Graden Tonna
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103  (Online Only)
I am a devoted to helping you find relief from anxiety, anger, depression, shame, or whatever it is that leaves you feeling stuck. This relief can come by being in a relationship where all of you is welcomed and valued, even the parts of you that feel broken, extreme, or judged by yourself or others. Together, we'll get to know what's causing you these symptoms, help change your relationship to these symptoms, and work towards healing whatever wound is at the root. In this process you may find that "you" becomes more clear, and experience a greater freedom to show up in the ways you'd like at work, home, and in your relationships.
I am a devoted to helping you find relief from anxiety, anger, depression, shame, or whatever it is that leaves you feeling stuck. This relief can come by being in a relationship where all of you is welcomed and valued, even the parts of you that feel broken, extreme, or judged by yourself or others. Together, we'll get to know what's causing you these symptoms, help change your relationship to these symptoms, and work towards healing whatever wound is at the root. In this process you may find that "you" becomes more clear, and experience a greater freedom to show up in the ways you'd like at work, home, and in your relationships.
(619) 430-4411 View (619) 430-4411
Photo of Courtney Miller, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Courtney Miller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103  (Online Only)
Courtney Miller is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker offering behavioral health services to adults. She has over 11 years of experience as a social worker in home health, hospice, skilled nursing homes, hospitals, private practice, medical managed care and foster family agency settings. She treats a full list of problems; however; her specialties include anxiety disorders, stress disorders, trauma, depression, chronic pain/health, grief, trauma or abuse and career/school issues.She utilizes evidenced based practices such as: Cognitive Behavioral Therapies, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Grief Therapy and
Courtney Miller is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker offering behavioral health services to adults. She has over 11 years of experience as a social worker in home health, hospice, skilled nursing homes, hospitals, private practice, medical managed care and foster family agency settings. She treats a full list of problems; however; her specialties include anxiety disorders, stress disorders, trauma, depression, chronic pain/health, grief, trauma or abuse and career/school issues.She utilizes evidenced based practices such as: Cognitive Behavioral Therapies, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Grief Therapy and
(619) 762-2566 View (619) 762-2566
Photo of Kayla Whaley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Kayla Whaley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ADV-SEP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
Hi, my name is Kayla and my hope is to continue to support individuals in navigating the effects of daily stress and anxiety to more complex issues of depression and post traumatic stress disorder. Whether it's learning to understand our own mental health or just gain a better understanding of our own thoughts and feelings, I believe that each of us hold the ability to heal, and in doing so, find what helps us thrive. My approach to each session is to provide a safe space for clients to be at ease in the present and gain clarity while exploring, challenging and healing core wounds, values and behaviors.
Hi, my name is Kayla and my hope is to continue to support individuals in navigating the effects of daily stress and anxiety to more complex issues of depression and post traumatic stress disorder. Whether it's learning to understand our own mental health or just gain a better understanding of our own thoughts and feelings, I believe that each of us hold the ability to heal, and in doing so, find what helps us thrive. My approach to each session is to provide a safe space for clients to be at ease in the present and gain clarity while exploring, challenging and healing core wounds, values and behaviors.
(619) 373-9421 View (619) 373-9421
Photo of Beverly Sharifian, Licensed Professional Counselor in Midtown, San Diego, CA
Beverly Sharifian
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Midtown, San Diego, CA 92103
I find that the counseling process requires authenticity from both yourself and the counselor that you choose to work with. My approach is affirming and gentle, but also honest so that we can confront any stressors or obstacles in your life. I believe that mental health and physical well-being go hand in hand. I have experience working with survivors of brain injury, as well as clients managing chronic, acute, or terminal illness. I've worked with underserved populations, and a wide range of adults from diverse backgrounds. I aim to offer culturally sensitive and affirming care, and offer services in Farsi, in addition to English.
I find that the counseling process requires authenticity from both yourself and the counselor that you choose to work with. My approach is affirming and gentle, but also honest so that we can confront any stressors or obstacles in your life. I believe that mental health and physical well-being go hand in hand. I have experience working with survivors of brain injury, as well as clients managing chronic, acute, or terminal illness. I've worked with underserved populations, and a wide range of adults from diverse backgrounds. I aim to offer culturally sensitive and affirming care, and offer services in Farsi, in addition to English.
(858) 293-4789 View (858) 293-4789

See more therapy options for Midtown, San Diego

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Midtown, San Diego, CA

500+

Average cost per session

$170

Therapists in Midtown, San Diego, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
90% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
73% Trauma and PTSD
71% Stress
69% Self Esteem
68% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

67% Aetna
58% Cigna and Evernorth
43% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Midtown, San Diego, CA see their clients

57% In Person and Online
43% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
26% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Midtown, San Diego?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.