Therapists in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA

Photo of Riley Cormack, Counselor in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Riley Cormack
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92120  (Online Only)
Riley works with individuals, couples, families, and groups on a wide range of issues, including relationship concerns, sexuality, depression, personal development, LGBT issues, parenting, finances, business & career and more.
Riley works with individuals, couples, families, and groups on a wide range of issues, including relationship concerns, sexuality, depression, personal development, LGBT issues, parenting, finances, business & career and more.
(619) 378-7009 View (619) 378-7009
Photo of Mayra Rangel, Marriage & Family Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Mayra Rangel
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124  (Online Only)
Do you find yourself feeling stuck in cycles that no longer serve you? Do you find yourself depressed, anxious, or  struggling with traumatic experiences?  Maybe  you find yourself struggling with relationships or struggling to be present in your day to day life. If so, it is okay. My goal is to provide an affirming, empathetic and empowering place to process the various aspects of your life that affect you, and help you reach the life you've imagined.
Do you find yourself feeling stuck in cycles that no longer serve you? Do you find yourself depressed, anxious, or  struggling with traumatic experiences?  Maybe  you find yourself struggling with relationships or struggling to be present in your day to day life. If so, it is okay. My goal is to provide an affirming, empathetic and empowering place to process the various aspects of your life that affect you, and help you reach the life you've imagined.
(619) 975-3935 View (619) 975-3935
Photo of Nancy M Gordon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Nancy M Gordon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CLC
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92120  (Online Only)
An ideal client may present issues related to ANY SOURCE of loss and grief, especially pet loss or chronic illness. Committed clients, who value investing in themselves to use coaching to go beyond just "getting through" a challenge/loss as springboards for personal growth and transformation through my unique methodology, 7 Powerful Practices to Manage Your Mind and Heal Your Heart™. Clients use individual sessions, group programs, transformational retreats. I use my Certification as a Life Coach, a COACHING model, and my methodology of the 7 Powerful Practices. ONLY Oregon clients also eligible for the "psychotherapy" model.
An ideal client may present issues related to ANY SOURCE of loss and grief, especially pet loss or chronic illness. Committed clients, who value investing in themselves to use coaching to go beyond just "getting through" a challenge/loss as springboards for personal growth and transformation through my unique methodology, 7 Powerful Practices to Manage Your Mind and Heal Your Heart™. Clients use individual sessions, group programs, transformational retreats. I use my Certification as a Life Coach, a COACHING model, and my methodology of the 7 Powerful Practices. ONLY Oregon clients also eligible for the "psychotherapy" model.
(858) 952-0936 View (858) 952-0936
Photo of Sandra Block, Psychologist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Sandra Block
Psychologist, CP
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
My name is Sandra Block, Ph.D. and I am a licensed clinical psychologist based in Southern California providing in-office and online psychotherapy for children, adolescents, families, couples, and individuals (18-99 years of age) for over 30 years. I specialize in treating anxiety, depression, stress, relationship issues at home and at work, gambling addiction, parenting issues, family/generational conflicts, grief, aging issues, and ongoing stresses of chronic illness.
My name is Sandra Block, Ph.D. and I am a licensed clinical psychologist based in Southern California providing in-office and online psychotherapy for children, adolescents, families, couples, and individuals (18-99 years of age) for over 30 years. I specialize in treating anxiety, depression, stress, relationship issues at home and at work, gambling addiction, parenting issues, family/generational conflicts, grief, aging issues, and ongoing stresses of chronic illness.
(619) 759-6737 View (619) 759-6737
Photo of Joel Zamora, Marriage & Family Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Joel Zamora
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
Hello! My name is Joel Zamora and I am a Spanish-speaking Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) that utilizes Functional Family Therapy (FFT) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to help clients meet their therapeutic goals. I work with adolescents and adults dealing with stress, anxiety, depression, and relational issues.
Hello! My name is Joel Zamora and I am a Spanish-speaking Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) that utilizes Functional Family Therapy (FFT) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to help clients meet their therapeutic goals. I work with adolescents and adults dealing with stress, anxiety, depression, and relational issues.
(818) 514-1934 View (818) 514-1934
Photo of Maria Griffin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Maria Griffin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
Hi, I'm Maria. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 17 years of experience working in individual and group psychotherapy sessions, state government programs, addressing anxiety, end-of-life care, grief recovery, depression, and a host of other acute outpatient concerns. Many of my clients strive to set goals that make thoughts of coping with anxiety, depression, grief, etc possible.
Hi, I'm Maria. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 17 years of experience working in individual and group psychotherapy sessions, state government programs, addressing anxiety, end-of-life care, grief recovery, depression, and a host of other acute outpatient concerns. Many of my clients strive to set goals that make thoughts of coping with anxiety, depression, grief, etc possible.
(657) 837-3070 View (657) 837-3070
Photo of Ray Buchanan, Marriage & Family Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Ray Buchanan
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
Hello I’m Ray, a licensed marriage and family therapist with over 25 years of experience in the field. I am passionate about helping people find purpose and partner with you as you set out to live your best life. You may be ready for significant change or just a little change. That's great, and I will meet you where you are at! I am here for you. I specialize in life transitions, spirituality, anxiety, depression, and relationship issues. I utilize interventions from a variety of treatment families including CBT, DBT, ACT, motivational interviewing and family systems techniques to affect change according to your individual needs.
Hello I’m Ray, a licensed marriage and family therapist with over 25 years of experience in the field. I am passionate about helping people find purpose and partner with you as you set out to live your best life. You may be ready for significant change or just a little change. That's great, and I will meet you where you are at! I am here for you. I specialize in life transitions, spirituality, anxiety, depression, and relationship issues. I utilize interventions from a variety of treatment families including CBT, DBT, ACT, motivational interviewing and family systems techniques to affect change according to your individual needs.
(562) 684-6405 View (562) 684-6405
Photo of Victoria Bloom, Psychologist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Victoria Bloom
Psychologist, LCP
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
Welcome, my name is Dr. Victoria Bloom, PsyD PSY 30561. After a deep dive into understanding your situation and who you are, I call upon a variety of therapeutic tools tailored to work best for you. I believe we all have access to inner wisdom and with the right tools, support, and guidance we can find it for greater well-being and growth. My aim is to provide a safe environment where clients feel heard, seen, accepted, and supported, and safely challenged when it is of benefit. I want my clients to feel we are a team, and they are empowered along the way.
Welcome, my name is Dr. Victoria Bloom, PsyD PSY 30561. After a deep dive into understanding your situation and who you are, I call upon a variety of therapeutic tools tailored to work best for you. I believe we all have access to inner wisdom and with the right tools, support, and guidance we can find it for greater well-being and growth. My aim is to provide a safe environment where clients feel heard, seen, accepted, and supported, and safely challenged when it is of benefit. I want my clients to feel we are a team, and they are empowered along the way.
(657) 837-2492 View (657) 837-2492
Photo of Mark Kuntz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Mark Kuntz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
My name is Mark Kuntz and I am a licensed clinical Social Worker. My area of focus is adults and older adults focused on issues of grief and loss, role transition, interpersonal conflict, depression, anxiety, and trauma. I typically work with clients experiencing grief or loss, role transitions, interpersonal conflict, anxiety, depression, and trauma. My approach to therapy utilizes Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), Interpersonal (IPT), and Motivational Interviewing Therapeutic techniques.
My name is Mark Kuntz and I am a licensed clinical Social Worker. My area of focus is adults and older adults focused on issues of grief and loss, role transition, interpersonal conflict, depression, anxiety, and trauma. I typically work with clients experiencing grief or loss, role transitions, interpersonal conflict, anxiety, depression, and trauma. My approach to therapy utilizes Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), Interpersonal (IPT), and Motivational Interviewing Therapeutic techniques.
(619) 349-9093 View (619) 349-9093
Photo of Cynthia Wolfrom, Marriage & Family Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Cynthia Wolfrom
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
Hi, my name is Cindy Wolfrom. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. We all go through difficulties, and sometimes it's hard to reach out for help. I believe in taking a chance. And I believe in the process of therapy! I am well-versed in working with clients who struggle with substance abuse and behavioral addictions, mood and anxiety disorders, and those struggling with self-esteem or life transitional issues. I enjoy working with adult clients of all ages, from all cultures and all walks of life.
Hi, my name is Cindy Wolfrom. I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. We all go through difficulties, and sometimes it's hard to reach out for help. I believe in taking a chance. And I believe in the process of therapy! I am well-versed in working with clients who struggle with substance abuse and behavioral addictions, mood and anxiety disorders, and those struggling with self-esteem or life transitional issues. I enjoy working with adult clients of all ages, from all cultures and all walks of life.
(626) 667-2807 View (626) 667-2807
Photo of Anne Marie Perkins, Marriage & Family Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Anne Marie Perkins
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
As I walked though many personal difficult experieces in my life, I learned what I wanted from a good therapist. I have dedicated the last 10 years to becoming such a therapist for people who struggle with anxiety, depression, trauma and tragic loss or overwhelming stress.
As I walked though many personal difficult experieces in my life, I learned what I wanted from a good therapist. I have dedicated the last 10 years to becoming such a therapist for people who struggle with anxiety, depression, trauma and tragic loss or overwhelming stress.
(323) 205-7088 View (323) 205-7088
Photo of Kim Eisenberg LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Kim Eisenberg LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
What if you are already whole, normal, and unbroken? If your sexuality, gender, and relationship style are intrinsically beautiful and worthy of celebration? If your stress, anxiety, depression, relationship conflict, and professional challenges are reasonable reactions to an unreasonable environment? I work with people seeking support balancing the pressures of daily life while navigating the complex intersections of personal identity and relational structures that challenge the status quo.
What if you are already whole, normal, and unbroken? If your sexuality, gender, and relationship style are intrinsically beautiful and worthy of celebration? If your stress, anxiety, depression, relationship conflict, and professional challenges are reasonable reactions to an unreasonable environment? I work with people seeking support balancing the pressures of daily life while navigating the complex intersections of personal identity and relational structures that challenge the status quo.
(619) 776-3053 View (619) 776-3053
Photo of Professional Christian Counseling&Consulting Serv., Marriage & Family Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Professional Christian Counseling&Consulting Serv.
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA Th, MA MFT
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
Professional Christian Counseling & Consulting Services is here to support your professional and personal aspirations. Excellent therapists utilize a Holistic approach to mental health care and can essentially improve their client's overall well-being. I work together with you to turn challenges into opportunities, through compassionate and informative care, the counseling experience can also afford clients, the opportunity to become more self aware, learn new skills and psycho-education, to develop a healthy balance in life, both internally and externally when facing life's challenges.
Professional Christian Counseling & Consulting Services is here to support your professional and personal aspirations. Excellent therapists utilize a Holistic approach to mental health care and can essentially improve their client's overall well-being. I work together with you to turn challenges into opportunities, through compassionate and informative care, the counseling experience can also afford clients, the opportunity to become more self aware, learn new skills and psycho-education, to develop a healthy balance in life, both internally and externally when facing life's challenges.
(520) 341-2765 View (520) 341-2765
Photo of Wendy Hill in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Wendy Hill
PhD
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
Hypnotherapy and psychotherapy. Inner child healing and core belief transformation. I specialize in identifying and transforming the subconscious self-defeating core beliefs that cause relationship/personal conflict, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, addiction, and general unhappiness for individuals and couples. Intuitive, compassionate, experienced. I focus on the root of the problem, not the just symptoms. Holistic focus on emotional and spiritual health and healing. Most sessions are two hours. One hour sessions are too short to make real progress. Over 40 years private practice.
Hypnotherapy and psychotherapy. Inner child healing and core belief transformation. I specialize in identifying and transforming the subconscious self-defeating core beliefs that cause relationship/personal conflict, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, addiction, and general unhappiness for individuals and couples. Intuitive, compassionate, experienced. I focus on the root of the problem, not the just symptoms. Holistic focus on emotional and spiritual health and healing. Most sessions are two hours. One hour sessions are too short to make real progress. Over 40 years private practice.
(760) 563-5268 View (760) 563-5268
Photo of Elana Rezmovitch, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Elana Rezmovitch
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
Seeking out therapeutic support can be both an empowering and overwhelming journey. My clinical experience includes working with individuals by providing a caring and supportive environment with the goal of helping the client develop healthy and positive strategies to improve their overall wellbeing and functioning within their environment.
Seeking out therapeutic support can be both an empowering and overwhelming journey. My clinical experience includes working with individuals by providing a caring and supportive environment with the goal of helping the client develop healthy and positive strategies to improve their overall wellbeing and functioning within their environment.
(619) 648-3243 View (619) 648-3243
Photo of Oded R. Shezifi, Psychologist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Oded R. Shezifi
Psychologist, PsyD, RPT-S
Verified
8 Endorsed
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
Not accepting new clients
Are you going through difficult and stressful times? Do you want to improve your ability to regulate your emotions? I am a licensed psychologist, a registered play therapist-supervisor, a trauma-informed therapist, and a certified mindfulness teacher. The therapy I offer is psychodynamic, aimed at enhancing your coping skills by helping you regulate your emotions and thoughts. Our goal will be to reduce reactivity to life's stressors and foster mindfulness and insight.
Are you going through difficult and stressful times? Do you want to improve your ability to regulate your emotions? I am a licensed psychologist, a registered play therapist-supervisor, a trauma-informed therapist, and a certified mindfulness teacher. The therapy I offer is psychodynamic, aimed at enhancing your coping skills by helping you regulate your emotions and thoughts. Our goal will be to reduce reactivity to life's stressors and foster mindfulness and insight.
(858) 260-3583 View (858) 260-3583
Photo of Safeplace Counseling, PLLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Safeplace Counseling, PLLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC-S
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
My primary focus as a licensed professional therapist is helping individuals to discover who they are and the uniqueness and greatness within them. I have 18 (plus) in Family and Children, Serious Mental Illness and LGBTQI counseling. I am passionate about embracing, supporting and promoting inclusiveness and individuality and the importance of loving . Collaboratively, we will utilize your strengths to address, explore, and reduce making skills, interpersonal relationship issues, Gender Identity and other concerns. I am an affable and compassionate therapist with an immense heart for hearing and healing individuals in need.
My primary focus as a licensed professional therapist is helping individuals to discover who they are and the uniqueness and greatness within them. I have 18 (plus) in Family and Children, Serious Mental Illness and LGBTQI counseling. I am passionate about embracing, supporting and promoting inclusiveness and individuality and the importance of loving . Collaboratively, we will utilize your strengths to address, explore, and reduce making skills, interpersonal relationship issues, Gender Identity and other concerns. I am an affable and compassionate therapist with an immense heart for hearing and healing individuals in need.
(501) 510-5891 View (501) 510-5891
Photo of Trish Eileen Vernazza, Marriage & Family Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Trish Eileen Vernazza
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, ATR-BC
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
Trish Vernazza, M.A. is an experienced, caring professional who can assist you in achieving a fully integrated life by focusing on your strengths and potential. Achieving a healthy and positive balance in our lives is the key to understanding our own mental, emotional, spiritual, physical health along with personal relationships. My goal is to provide a safe, supportive, confidential environment while assisting you to experience, identify and understand the personal barriers which are getting in your way. Working with many clients of many ethnic and culture backgrounds and alternative lifestyles I provide a environment that helps develop personal insight.
Trish Vernazza, M.A. is an experienced, caring professional who can assist you in achieving a fully integrated life by focusing on your strengths and potential. Achieving a healthy and positive balance in our lives is the key to understanding our own mental, emotional, spiritual, physical health along with personal relationships. My goal is to provide a safe, supportive, confidential environment while assisting you to experience, identify and understand the personal barriers which are getting in your way. Working with many clients of many ethnic and culture backgrounds and alternative lifestyles I provide a environment that helps develop personal insight.
(760) 684-8302 View (760) 684-8302
Photo of Linda Collins, Psychologist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Linda Collins
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124
I specialize in an integration of mind and body approaches for working with personal and relationship change. This might include learning mindful awareness practices, self-compassion, stress-reduction skills and approaches for working with negative thoughts and emotional reactivity. These practices are very helpful for clients working with issues such as anxiety, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress symptoms, depression, relationship issues, stress-related physical problems and life transitions. I work with couples to support improved communication, conflict resolution, reduced reactivity and improved emotional connection.
I specialize in an integration of mind and body approaches for working with personal and relationship change. This might include learning mindful awareness practices, self-compassion, stress-reduction skills and approaches for working with negative thoughts and emotional reactivity. These practices are very helpful for clients working with issues such as anxiety, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress symptoms, depression, relationship issues, stress-related physical problems and life transitions. I work with couples to support improved communication, conflict resolution, reduced reactivity and improved emotional connection.
(858) 201-4325 View (858) 201-4325
Photo of Ascend Beyond Therapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA
Ascend Beyond Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, PsyD, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA 92124  (Online Only)
I have been working as a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist for the last 10 years and I completed my doctoral degree in 2024. I have worked in the community with individuals, couples, youth with high risk behaviors, and military families. I specialize in working with individuals, women's issues, couples, substance abuse and recovery, trauma, military population, and adolescents. While working with my clients I focus on the whole person, pulling forward your own strengths and wisdom to solve life's challenges.
I have been working as a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist for the last 10 years and I completed my doctoral degree in 2024. I have worked in the community with individuals, couples, youth with high risk behaviors, and military families. I specialize in working with individuals, women's issues, couples, substance abuse and recovery, trauma, military population, and adolescents. While working with my clients I focus on the whole person, pulling forward your own strengths and wisdom to solve life's challenges.
(858) 808-2288 View (858) 808-2288

See more therapy options for Allied Gardens, San Diego

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA

50+

Average cost per session

$155

Therapists in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
91% Depression
74% Relationship Issues
72% Coping Skills
72% Self Esteem
68% Grief
68% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% Aetna
64% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
62% Optum

How Therapists in Allied Gardens, San Diego, CA see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
24% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Allied Gardens, San Diego?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.