Therapists in San Clemente, CA

Photo of Rachel Daggett, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Clemente, CA
Rachel Daggett
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
5 Endorsed
San Clemente, CA 92672
Not accepting new clients
I am currently on maternity leave and not accepting new clients at this time. I supervise a team of qualified therapists who are taking new clients. Please visit my website to contact them. Thank you!
I am currently on maternity leave and not accepting new clients at this time. I supervise a team of qualified therapists who are taking new clients. Please visit my website to contact them. Thank you!
(310) 889-0709 View (310) 889-0709
Photo of Barbara Marie Thomas, Psychologist in San Clemente, CA
Barbara Marie Thomas
Psychologist, PayD, MA
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92673
Waitlist for new clients
I know life can create problems and issues and my goal is to help as many people I can get through the difficult times/issues in their life. I love helping children, their parents, individuals, and those in the sunset hours of life. My passion is to help each client recognize hope, joy, relaxation, and growth on their pathway through life.
I know life can create problems and issues and my goal is to help as many people I can get through the difficult times/issues in their life. I love helping children, their parents, individuals, and those in the sunset hours of life. My passion is to help each client recognize hope, joy, relaxation, and growth on their pathway through life.
(949) 383-4030 View (949) 383-4030
Photo of Mary Christie, Counselor in San Clemente, CA
Mary Christie
Counselor, LPCC
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92673
Located in San Clemente, I have a supportive, direct and caring approach to counseling. I have been practicing psychotherapy for 27 years and truly enjoy assisting clients in their quality of life. I specialize in helping those who have depression, anxiety, problems with anger management, and those affected by domestic violence. I am certified in treating trauma, PTSD and grief with the use of EMDR. I have 5 years direct experience in working with persons diagnosed with Attachment Disorder. I work with children, adolescents and adults, in individual, couples, and family therapy. My goal is to be your ally in the healing process.
Located in San Clemente, I have a supportive, direct and caring approach to counseling. I have been practicing psychotherapy for 27 years and truly enjoy assisting clients in their quality of life. I specialize in helping those who have depression, anxiety, problems with anger management, and those affected by domestic violence. I am certified in treating trauma, PTSD and grief with the use of EMDR. I have 5 years direct experience in working with persons diagnosed with Attachment Disorder. I work with children, adolescents and adults, in individual, couples, and family therapy. My goal is to be your ally in the healing process.
(714) 947-1068 View (714) 947-1068
Photo of Brigitte Crowell, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Clemente, CA
Brigitte Crowell, MSW, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92673  (Online Only)
Free Consultations! Let's connect. Anxiety and stress can easily make us feel overwhelmed and uncertain. Therapy provides a safe, healing space where you can breathe, restore, and even grow. Hi, I am Brigitte Crowell a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and restorative healing expert. For over 20 years my approach has combined the best of practical psychology and compassion-based mindfulness techniques - making restorative healing accessible, and then actionable. Why? Because I want to help you achieve healing - in other words: revitalization.
Free Consultations! Let's connect. Anxiety and stress can easily make us feel overwhelmed and uncertain. Therapy provides a safe, healing space where you can breathe, restore, and even grow. Hi, I am Brigitte Crowell a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and restorative healing expert. For over 20 years my approach has combined the best of practical psychology and compassion-based mindfulness techniques - making restorative healing accessible, and then actionable. Why? Because I want to help you achieve healing - in other words: revitalization.
(949) 299-1322 View (949) 299-1322
Photo of Kelly Burris, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Clemente, CA
Kelly Burris
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
San Clemente, CA 92673  (Online Only)
Is it time to heal? I am here to help! I work together with people who have experienced trauma or difficult times. I believe that people have an amazing ability to heal. Everyone does! I often hear people say "I want to stop letting this interfere with my life but I don't know how." Guess what? I do! I am not saying that it will be easy to work towards a better life; but it will be WORTH IT. You deserve to live the best life possible. Let's start working together! I am EMDR certified and help other therapists hone their EMDR skills as an EMDRIA Approved Consultant. TELEHEALTH ONLY including EMDR in most cases.
Is it time to heal? I am here to help! I work together with people who have experienced trauma or difficult times. I believe that people have an amazing ability to heal. Everyone does! I often hear people say "I want to stop letting this interfere with my life but I don't know how." Guess what? I do! I am not saying that it will be easy to work towards a better life; but it will be WORTH IT. You deserve to live the best life possible. Let's start working together! I am EMDR certified and help other therapists hone their EMDR skills as an EMDRIA Approved Consultant. TELEHEALTH ONLY including EMDR in most cases.
(949) 264-5922 View (949) 264-5922
Photo of Kerreen M Chau, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Clemente, CA
Kerreen M Chau
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92672
I treat individuals, couples and adolescents. I specialize in couple therapy and work on issues of communication, affairs, intimacy, relationship building and divorce transition. People often believe that they are more independent than they truly are on others, less connected and affected by the people in their lives. However, research shows the opposite. It also helps to learn about our emotions. Emotions often are automatic especially when anxiety and stress is high. My work looks at affective neuroscience which integrates the scientific research of brain function and emotions that drive behavior, focus and our relationships with others."
I treat individuals, couples and adolescents. I specialize in couple therapy and work on issues of communication, affairs, intimacy, relationship building and divorce transition. People often believe that they are more independent than they truly are on others, less connected and affected by the people in their lives. However, research shows the opposite. It also helps to learn about our emotions. Emotions often are automatic especially when anxiety and stress is high. My work looks at affective neuroscience which integrates the scientific research of brain function and emotions that drive behavior, focus and our relationships with others."
(949) 769-0153 View (949) 769-0153
Photo of Renata Vieira, Pre-Licensed Professional in San Clemente, CA
Renata Vieira
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, APCC
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92673
Do you ever feel hindered from reaching your fullest potential? Whether it is a feeling of anxiety, fear, feeling hopeless and unmotivated, a painful loss of a loved one leaving you feeling alone, or perhaps you see your child or teen struggling and you constantly find yourself wondering what you can do to help them…I empathize with you! No matter what it is, I want you to know that you deserve and CAN live a life that feels rewarding, while becoming the expert of writing your own story. Let’s chat and begin writing a new chapter together.
Do you ever feel hindered from reaching your fullest potential? Whether it is a feeling of anxiety, fear, feeling hopeless and unmotivated, a painful loss of a loved one leaving you feeling alone, or perhaps you see your child or teen struggling and you constantly find yourself wondering what you can do to help them…I empathize with you! No matter what it is, I want you to know that you deserve and CAN live a life that feels rewarding, while becoming the expert of writing your own story. Let’s chat and begin writing a new chapter together.
(949) 867-4549 View (949) 867-4549
Photo of Catherine Janet Girard, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Clemente, CA
Catherine Janet Girard
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
San Clemente, CA 92672
Meeting a stranger, and sharing your life isn't easy. Trusting relationships take time-- even with a professional therapist. I have tried to create an atmosphere that will give you a safe and relaxing place where you can share your hopes, failures, struggles and goals without judgement. The years have a way of tangling us in bonds while the process takes work--healing and change can happen!
Meeting a stranger, and sharing your life isn't easy. Trusting relationships take time-- even with a professional therapist. I have tried to create an atmosphere that will give you a safe and relaxing place where you can share your hopes, failures, struggles and goals without judgement. The years have a way of tangling us in bonds while the process takes work--healing and change can happen!
(949) 565-2651 View (949) 565-2651
Photo of Bridgette Atallah, Psychologist in San Clemente, CA
Bridgette Atallah
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
5 Endorsed
San Clemente, CA 92673
Beginning therapy is a deeply personal, courageous decision. Whether it is your first time seeking treatment, or you are looking for a change, I am here to work with you to create a happier, more fulfilling life. I believe building a strong therapeutic relationship is a critical foundation for future change. As such, I strive to provide warmth and empathy while utilizing an open, non-judgmental style. I also believe therapy should be a collaborative process, and will work with together with you as a partner in your treatment journey. I use this collaborative style with everyone I work with, from young children and teens to adults.
Beginning therapy is a deeply personal, courageous decision. Whether it is your first time seeking treatment, or you are looking for a change, I am here to work with you to create a happier, more fulfilling life. I believe building a strong therapeutic relationship is a critical foundation for future change. As such, I strive to provide warmth and empathy while utilizing an open, non-judgmental style. I also believe therapy should be a collaborative process, and will work with together with you as a partner in your treatment journey. I use this collaborative style with everyone I work with, from young children and teens to adults.
(949) 247-8186 View (949) 247-8186
Photo of Dr. Anna Arya, Psychologist in San Clemente, CA
Dr. Anna Arya
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92673
Now accepting virtual clients of all ages. I am experienced in treating a wide array of mental health conditions. Throughout my graduate and undergraduate training I have made it a priority to become competent in a wide variety of treatment modalities. I am ready to meet you wherever you are on your journey with therapy! Brand new to therapy and interested in finding out what it’s like? I am eager to familiarize you with what therapy is about in a no-pressure environment, with the utmost respect for all aspects of your identity. We'll work together to create a treatment plan that will help you achieve your goals.
Now accepting virtual clients of all ages. I am experienced in treating a wide array of mental health conditions. Throughout my graduate and undergraduate training I have made it a priority to become competent in a wide variety of treatment modalities. I am ready to meet you wherever you are on your journey with therapy! Brand new to therapy and interested in finding out what it’s like? I am eager to familiarize you with what therapy is about in a no-pressure environment, with the utmost respect for all aspects of your identity. We'll work together to create a treatment plan that will help you achieve your goals.
(949) 881-5855 View (949) 881-5855
Photo of Holly Grupe, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Clemente, CA
Holly Grupe
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92672
Do you feel as though you're carrying the weight of the world's emotions on your shoulders? Are you often left feeling overwhelmed and drained from the intensity of others' feelings? You are not alone, and more importantly, there's a way forward. I specialize in working with empaths like you - those who feel deeply and possess an extraordinary capacity for empathy, yet struggle to protect their own energy and well-being. Together, we'll turn your empathic gift from an exhausting burden into a powerful tool for deep connection and self-empowerment.
Do you feel as though you're carrying the weight of the world's emotions on your shoulders? Are you often left feeling overwhelmed and drained from the intensity of others' feelings? You are not alone, and more importantly, there's a way forward. I specialize in working with empaths like you - those who feel deeply and possess an extraordinary capacity for empathy, yet struggle to protect their own energy and well-being. Together, we'll turn your empathic gift from an exhausting burden into a powerful tool for deep connection and self-empowerment.
(949) 749-6726 View (949) 749-6726
Photo of Melissa Blower, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in San Clemente, CA
Melissa Blower
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MA, MEd
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92673
I am passionate about assisting individuals on their path to healing, growth, and change. I feel honored to come alongside others to help them learn new ways to understand themselves through personal exploration and curiosity. I believe creating healthy relationships and boundaries, gaining a sense of self-acceptance, self-care, and embracing strengths while developing weaknesses leads to healing and lasting change. I focus on establishing a safe, comfortable, and trusting environment that allows space to assist individuals in strengthening and developing their relationships.
I am passionate about assisting individuals on their path to healing, growth, and change. I feel honored to come alongside others to help them learn new ways to understand themselves through personal exploration and curiosity. I believe creating healthy relationships and boundaries, gaining a sense of self-acceptance, self-care, and embracing strengths while developing weaknesses leads to healing and lasting change. I focus on establishing a safe, comfortable, and trusting environment that allows space to assist individuals in strengthening and developing their relationships.
(949) 353-5942 View (949) 353-5942
Photo of Nate Balfanz, Psychologist in San Clemente, CA
Nate Balfanz
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92672
I’ve been practicing psychology in a variety of settings for nearly 20 years now. Currently, I split my time between my position at Dr. Nate Psych and my secondary role as a pediatric and adolescent specialist at The Weichman Clinic, a multidisciplinary mental health clinic located within Hoag Hospital of Newport Beach. I started my own clinic as a result of my lifelong pursuit for helping children, adults, and families manage their mental health struggles in order to live a more fulfilling life. At Dr. Nate Psych, I provide a variety of therapeutic services intended for children, individuals, and families of all types.
I’ve been practicing psychology in a variety of settings for nearly 20 years now. Currently, I split my time between my position at Dr. Nate Psych and my secondary role as a pediatric and adolescent specialist at The Weichman Clinic, a multidisciplinary mental health clinic located within Hoag Hospital of Newport Beach. I started my own clinic as a result of my lifelong pursuit for helping children, adults, and families manage their mental health struggles in order to live a more fulfilling life. At Dr. Nate Psych, I provide a variety of therapeutic services intended for children, individuals, and families of all types.
(949) 880-7997 View (949) 880-7997
Photo of Sharm Lanel Luehmann, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Clemente, CA
Sharm Lanel Luehmann
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92672
I became a marriage and family therapist through a spiritual inspiration. My goal is to help individuals become connected to themselves and the world around them. I believe we are all wounded not broken and deserve an opportunity to heal. My methods are uniquely connected to my personality. I am both loving and direct, and desire to get to the goal as quickly as possible. I think out of the box yet remain professional. I am insightful, intuitive and creative in my approach.
I became a marriage and family therapist through a spiritual inspiration. My goal is to help individuals become connected to themselves and the world around them. I believe we are all wounded not broken and deserve an opportunity to heal. My methods are uniquely connected to my personality. I am both loving and direct, and desire to get to the goal as quickly as possible. I think out of the box yet remain professional. I am insightful, intuitive and creative in my approach.
(949) 536-8723 View (949) 536-8723
Photo of Jennifer Lafferty O'Connor, Psychologist in San Clemente, CA
Jennifer Lafferty O'Connor
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92673
Hello, I specialize in the treatment of eating and anxiety disorders. I have been featured on CNN's Newsroom, the Anderson Cooper Show and A&E's "Obsessed" due to my expertise in the treatment of OCD and related anxiety disorders. My highly specialized training has equipped me to treat individuals who struggle with various types of anxiety, worry, fear, obsessions, or compulsive behavioral patterns. I have extensive training and experience in treating eating disorders and issues related to body image distress. I treat all ages, but have specialized training in pediatric and adolescent development.
Hello, I specialize in the treatment of eating and anxiety disorders. I have been featured on CNN's Newsroom, the Anderson Cooper Show and A&E's "Obsessed" due to my expertise in the treatment of OCD and related anxiety disorders. My highly specialized training has equipped me to treat individuals who struggle with various types of anxiety, worry, fear, obsessions, or compulsive behavioral patterns. I have extensive training and experience in treating eating disorders and issues related to body image distress. I treat all ages, but have specialized training in pediatric and adolescent development.
(949) 427-2521 View (949) 427-2521
Photo of Alicia Duzman, Psychologist in San Clemente, CA
Alicia Duzman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92673
For the past 18 years, I have felt honored to work with women, men, and teens during their most challenging life moments. Together, we can recover from depression and anxiety disorders and work through life adjustment concerns. I also specialize in the challenges of motherhood and provide maternal mental health treatment for women during pregnancy, postpartum, after loss,, throughout infertility struggles, and during motherhood. We will create achievable treatment goals so that you can recover fully and get back on your feet. Please reach out for support and remember that you are not alone.
For the past 18 years, I have felt honored to work with women, men, and teens during their most challenging life moments. Together, we can recover from depression and anxiety disorders and work through life adjustment concerns. I also specialize in the challenges of motherhood and provide maternal mental health treatment for women during pregnancy, postpartum, after loss,, throughout infertility struggles, and during motherhood. We will create achievable treatment goals so that you can recover fully and get back on your feet. Please reach out for support and remember that you are not alone.
(949) 430-6607 View (949) 430-6607
Photo of Beth Julia Anderson, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Clemente, CA
Beth Julia Anderson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
San Clemente, CA 92672
Couples counseling could be the best gift you give to yourself and your partner. Did you know that couples wait on average 7 years being unhappy before they finally seek counseling? Are you ready to try something new? Now is a great time to do away with habits that interfere with you having a great relationship, and learn some new ways of connecting with your partner! I love helping couples build a strong foundation for a healthy, lasting relationship.
Couples counseling could be the best gift you give to yourself and your partner. Did you know that couples wait on average 7 years being unhappy before they finally seek counseling? Are you ready to try something new? Now is a great time to do away with habits that interfere with you having a great relationship, and learn some new ways of connecting with your partner! I love helping couples build a strong foundation for a healthy, lasting relationship.
(949) 446-1298 View (949) 446-1298
Photo of Rick McCarthy, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Clemente, CA
Rick McCarthy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT, CCTP
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92673
I have been in practice in the area for over 40 years, working with a very diverse population, including individual's, adults, adolescents, and couples with a wide variety of concerns and complex life challenges. I taught for 28 years, first as an associate professor of psychology at Marymount College, and have taught graduate courses at Loyola Marymount University and Pepperdine University. Twice, I have been the recipient of the Lampert Award from Pacificare Behavioral Health, which quantifies client outcomes. In effect, my therapeutic effectiveness has been ranked in the top one percent of over 10,000 participating therapists.
I have been in practice in the area for over 40 years, working with a very diverse population, including individual's, adults, adolescents, and couples with a wide variety of concerns and complex life challenges. I taught for 28 years, first as an associate professor of psychology at Marymount College, and have taught graduate courses at Loyola Marymount University and Pepperdine University. Twice, I have been the recipient of the Lampert Award from Pacificare Behavioral Health, which quantifies client outcomes. In effect, my therapeutic effectiveness has been ranked in the top one percent of over 10,000 participating therapists.
(424) 343-2830 View (424) 343-2830
Photo of Michelle Moore, Psychologist in San Clemente, CA
Michelle Moore
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
San Clemente, CA 92673
I believe therapy can be a powerful tool to overcome life's obstacles. My clients want to learn how to approach these obstacles and apply their new skills as problems arise; this allows my clients to feel confident in making positive, lasting changes in their lives. I often work with individuals, both adults and adolescents, who want to learn how to more mindful in their lives and want help "getting out of their heads so to speak." My clients often want to re-establish their inner strength and learn how to better problem-solve in order to improve their lives.
I believe therapy can be a powerful tool to overcome life's obstacles. My clients want to learn how to approach these obstacles and apply their new skills as problems arise; this allows my clients to feel confident in making positive, lasting changes in their lives. I often work with individuals, both adults and adolescents, who want to learn how to more mindful in their lives and want help "getting out of their heads so to speak." My clients often want to re-establish their inner strength and learn how to better problem-solve in order to improve their lives.
(949) 391-3488 View (949) 391-3488
Photo of Renee Michelle in San Clemente, CA
Renee Michelle
MA
San Clemente, CA 92672
As a Faith-based Spiritual Director and Counselor, I help women get unstuck spiritually, relationally, and emotionally. After doing my Masters Degree in Marriage and Family Therapy and completing my Masters in Spiritual Formation and Soul Care, I wanted to help women grow in their emotional, spiritual and relational lives. I help individuals that are experiencing grief, life transitions, wanting healthier relationships, wanting to experience more of their true self and worth, and who are experiencing anxiety, or depression. I help individuals create a healthier spiritual life and help women discover their voice and true self.
As a Faith-based Spiritual Director and Counselor, I help women get unstuck spiritually, relationally, and emotionally. After doing my Masters Degree in Marriage and Family Therapy and completing my Masters in Spiritual Formation and Soul Care, I wanted to help women grow in their emotional, spiritual and relational lives. I help individuals that are experiencing grief, life transitions, wanting healthier relationships, wanting to experience more of their true self and worth, and who are experiencing anxiety, or depression. I help individuals create a healthier spiritual life and help women discover their voice and true self.
(562) 568-9177 View (562) 568-9177

See more therapy options for San Clemente

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in San Clemente, CA

200+

Average cost per session

$170

Therapists in San Clemente, CA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
87% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
77% Self Esteem
75% Coping Skills
69% Stress
64% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

68% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
65% Cigna and Evernorth
63% Aetna

How Therapists in San Clemente, CA see their clients

81% In Person and Online
19% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
17% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in San Clemente?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.