Therapists in San Bruno, CA

Photo of Marie Rogers, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Marie Rogers
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
Struggling to prioritize yourself or express your feelings? Feeling stuck or lost? Do you find yourself chronically stressed? Are you ready to learn techniques to become more present in your day to day, set boundaries, express yourself with confidence, and cultivate meaningful relationships? My goal is to help my clients live up to their utmost potential. I work from the perspective that our past influences the present. Together we will help you understand the thought processes and behaviors that influence your decisions.
Struggling to prioritize yourself or express your feelings? Feeling stuck or lost? Do you find yourself chronically stressed? Are you ready to learn techniques to become more present in your day to day, set boundaries, express yourself with confidence, and cultivate meaningful relationships? My goal is to help my clients live up to their utmost potential. I work from the perspective that our past influences the present. Together we will help you understand the thought processes and behaviors that influence your decisions.
(650) 551-9504 View (650) 551-9504
Photo of Oscar F Cervantes, Psychologist in San Bruno, CA
Oscar F Cervantes
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
Dr. Oscar F. Cervantes is a bicultural, Spanish/English bilingual clinical psychologist with a Masters in Sciences in Clinical Counseling and a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology with over 34 years of academic and clinical experience. He has privileges in some of the most prestigious hospitals in the Bay Area. Dr. Cervantes specializes in cross-cultural psychology, mood and anxiety disorders, cognitive behavioral therapy, and behavioral medicine. In addition to his private practice, he is an Assistant Clinical Professor at the University of California, San Francisco Medical School Department of Internal Medicine.
Dr. Oscar F. Cervantes is a bicultural, Spanish/English bilingual clinical psychologist with a Masters in Sciences in Clinical Counseling and a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology with over 34 years of academic and clinical experience. He has privileges in some of the most prestigious hospitals in the Bay Area. Dr. Cervantes specializes in cross-cultural psychology, mood and anxiety disorders, cognitive behavioral therapy, and behavioral medicine. In addition to his private practice, he is an Assistant Clinical Professor at the University of California, San Francisco Medical School Department of Internal Medicine.
(650) 589-9442 View (650) 589-9442
Photo of Cynthia Carter, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Cynthia Carter
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
My name is Cynthia Carter and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in Victorville California working with clients throughout San Bernardino County. I work with small children, adolescents, families, and couples. I specialize in anxiety, stress management, anger management, and trauma-based disorders, using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Person-Centered Therapy, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to assist my clients with making progress toward their goals.
My name is Cynthia Carter and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in Victorville California working with clients throughout San Bernardino County. I work with small children, adolescents, families, and couples. I specialize in anxiety, stress management, anger management, and trauma-based disorders, using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Person-Centered Therapy, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to assist my clients with making progress toward their goals.
(650) 297-8233 View (650) 297-8233
Photo of Daniel Thompson, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Daniel Thompson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
My name is Dan Thompson and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in San Jose, California, and working with adult clients statewide via telehealth. I specialize in helping individuals find the courage and hope to recover, reflect and rebuild themselves after a break-up, separation, or divorce by using Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Attachment Theory, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) so that they can start the next chapter of their lives with self-respect, acceptance, and compassion.
My name is Dan Thompson and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in San Jose, California, and working with adult clients statewide via telehealth. I specialize in helping individuals find the courage and hope to recover, reflect and rebuild themselves after a break-up, separation, or divorce by using Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Attachment Theory, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) so that they can start the next chapter of their lives with self-respect, acceptance, and compassion.
(650) 381-1349 View (650) 381-1349
Photo of Moniecia Walker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Moniecia Walker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
In this space, you are safe! Let’s be real; making the decision to embark on the path of healing is not an endeavor to be taken lightly, as it requires patience, vulnerability, and courage. Whether these are your first steps or continuing, thank you for being here. With that said, I am passionate about helping my clients unravel physical, mental, and emotional layers to find the root causes of problems and develop self-awareness and strong coping skills in order to navigate through life as their best selves.
In this space, you are safe! Let’s be real; making the decision to embark on the path of healing is not an endeavor to be taken lightly, as it requires patience, vulnerability, and courage. Whether these are your first steps or continuing, thank you for being here. With that said, I am passionate about helping my clients unravel physical, mental, and emotional layers to find the root causes of problems and develop self-awareness and strong coping skills in order to navigate through life as their best selves.
(650) 718-8048 View (650) 718-8048
Photo of Michele Dorn, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Michele Dorn
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
Hi! My name is Michele Dorn, and I am a Marriage Family Therapist in Orange County, California. I see clients throughout the state via telehealth services. I work with children adolescents and adults. I specialize in executive dysfunction, anxiety, depression, and related disorders impeding academic, social, emotional and/or behavioral issues. My main drive is to assist you on your journey to improve your life. My approach to therapy is predominantly Cognitive Behavioral Therapy although I use different modalities as my client's needs arise.
Hi! My name is Michele Dorn, and I am a Marriage Family Therapist in Orange County, California. I see clients throughout the state via telehealth services. I work with children adolescents and adults. I specialize in executive dysfunction, anxiety, depression, and related disorders impeding academic, social, emotional and/or behavioral issues. My main drive is to assist you on your journey to improve your life. My approach to therapy is predominantly Cognitive Behavioral Therapy although I use different modalities as my client's needs arise.
(650) 582-3114 View (650) 582-3114
Photo of Louise Zervas Houchin, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Louise Zervas Houchin
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066  (Online Only)
Healing happens within the context of a respectful, caring and nonjudgemental therapeutic relationship. When we work together, you can be yourself. I want to see you and help you to understand yourself in new ways. I am direct, while also gentle. I hold a lot of space for empathy and understanding, and building trust. And of course, there is always room for humor on any journey! I use a combination of evidence-based, cognitive-behavioral (or "talk") therapy, expressive arts, music and mindfulness-based stress reduction techniques to connect with you and help guide you toward feeling like the best version of yourself.
Healing happens within the context of a respectful, caring and nonjudgemental therapeutic relationship. When we work together, you can be yourself. I want to see you and help you to understand yourself in new ways. I am direct, while also gentle. I hold a lot of space for empathy and understanding, and building trust. And of course, there is always room for humor on any journey! I use a combination of evidence-based, cognitive-behavioral (or "talk") therapy, expressive arts, music and mindfulness-based stress reduction techniques to connect with you and help guide you toward feeling like the best version of yourself.
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Photo of Eddy Hong, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Eddy Hong
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Bruno, CA 94066
Waitlist for new clients
I am passionate about fostering self-acceptance and normalizing discussions of mental health. I believe in the importance of context and collaboration in finding solutions that work for you. My clients find that I am humorous, soft-spoken, and compassionate while working with them in their growth. I am skilled in facilitating a safe, inclusive space where, together, we can explore and examine your concerns in a supportive way in addition to utilizing evidence-based interventions to address them.
I am passionate about fostering self-acceptance and normalizing discussions of mental health. I believe in the importance of context and collaboration in finding solutions that work for you. My clients find that I am humorous, soft-spoken, and compassionate while working with them in their growth. I am skilled in facilitating a safe, inclusive space where, together, we can explore and examine your concerns in a supportive way in addition to utilizing evidence-based interventions to address them.
(650) 484-5627 View (650) 484-5627
Photo of Yesenia Villa / Art Consoultations, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Yesenia Villa / Art Consoultations
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LPCC, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Bruno, CA 94066
I would definitely describe myself as a "real" therapist - my motto is "There's no such thing as TMI (too much information/oversharing) in therapy." I strive to meet you where you are at in order to offer you validation. Feeling seen and heard will get you the majority of the way to where you are going because you already have what you need within you. I am here to remind you of that, and point it all out for you. In seeking out support, you are already well on your way to feeling unburdened and lighter.
I would definitely describe myself as a "real" therapist - my motto is "There's no such thing as TMI (too much information/oversharing) in therapy." I strive to meet you where you are at in order to offer you validation. Feeling seen and heard will get you the majority of the way to where you are going because you already have what you need within you. I am here to remind you of that, and point it all out for you. In seeking out support, you are already well on your way to feeling unburdened and lighter.
(650) 844-0201 View (650) 844-0201
Photo of Irina Strekalova, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Irina Strekalova
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
Hello, my name is Irina Strekalova and I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT) in a private practice in Arcadia, CA, working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and specialize in treating depression, trauma, anxiety, stress, life transition difficulties, relationship problems using different approaches to help client to achieve their goals. I assist clients through life transitions and challenges that lead to depression, anxiety, decreased self-confidence, relationship problems, or negative behaviors they would like to change.
Hello, my name is Irina Strekalova and I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT) in a private practice in Arcadia, CA, working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and specialize in treating depression, trauma, anxiety, stress, life transition difficulties, relationship problems using different approaches to help client to achieve their goals. I assist clients through life transitions and challenges that lead to depression, anxiety, decreased self-confidence, relationship problems, or negative behaviors they would like to change.
(650) 334-0206 View (650) 334-0206
Photo of Anna Marie Marquez-Mason, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Anna Marie Marquez-Mason
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
Hello, my name is Anna Marquez and I am a licensed Clinical Social Worker. I have over 17 years of experience working with individuals with co-occurring disorders including anxiety, Depression, PTSD, Bipolar disorder, Substance use disorders, etc. It is important for me to meet individuals where they are at and utilize the systems theory really focusing on the person in their current environment and tailoring therapy to meet their needs.
Hello, my name is Anna Marquez and I am a licensed Clinical Social Worker. I have over 17 years of experience working with individuals with co-occurring disorders including anxiety, Depression, PTSD, Bipolar disorder, Substance use disorders, etc. It is important for me to meet individuals where they are at and utilize the systems theory really focusing on the person in their current environment and tailoring therapy to meet their needs.
(650) 443-7739 View (650) 443-7739
Photo of Andrew G Meyer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Andrew G Meyer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Not Verified Not Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
I provide compassionate, conscientious and meaningful psychotherapeutic treatment to individuals seeking to overcome difficult life circumstances, understand/manage emotions, or to those simply seeking self-growth or personal/career development. With twenty plus years as a practicing psychotherapist, having worked with diverse ethnicities, races, ages and sexual orientations, I have vast skills/resources and experience to offer/impart. My approaches/technique includes an eclectic mix of Psychodynamic, Cognitive Behavioral, Jungian, Gestaltian, and some Buddhist philosophy.
I provide compassionate, conscientious and meaningful psychotherapeutic treatment to individuals seeking to overcome difficult life circumstances, understand/manage emotions, or to those simply seeking self-growth or personal/career development. With twenty plus years as a practicing psychotherapist, having worked with diverse ethnicities, races, ages and sexual orientations, I have vast skills/resources and experience to offer/impart. My approaches/technique includes an eclectic mix of Psychodynamic, Cognitive Behavioral, Jungian, Gestaltian, and some Buddhist philosophy.
(628) 227-6193 View (628) 227-6193
Photo of Cheryl Heinla, Marriage & Family Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Cheryl Heinla
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
Hi there, I'm Cheryl Heinla and I am a California Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) residing in the Bay Area. I work with adult individuals, adolescents, and couples. My key areas of interest and experience are anxiety, grief, couples dynamics, family of origin impact, life transitions, relational challenges, and trauma history. My approaches are based on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Trauma-focused, short-term solution-focused; and Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) with couples.
Hi there, I'm Cheryl Heinla and I am a California Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) residing in the Bay Area. I work with adult individuals, adolescents, and couples. My key areas of interest and experience are anxiety, grief, couples dynamics, family of origin impact, life transitions, relational challenges, and trauma history. My approaches are based on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Trauma-focused, short-term solution-focused; and Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) with couples.
(650) 629-0915 View (650) 629-0915
Photo of Pamela Morgan Blum, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Pamela Morgan Blum
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
I love doing therapy and have been in private practice over 30 years around the Bay Area. I work mostly with adolescents, adults, couples and families. Helping people take the reins of their lives, speak up, and break out of limiting frameworks is tremendously fulfilling. I tell clients, "my job is to work myself out of a job" by teaching them necessary tools that will serve them after graduating from therapy.
I love doing therapy and have been in private practice over 30 years around the Bay Area. I work mostly with adolescents, adults, couples and families. Helping people take the reins of their lives, speak up, and break out of limiting frameworks is tremendously fulfilling. I tell clients, "my job is to work myself out of a job" by teaching them necessary tools that will serve them after graduating from therapy.
(650) 516-7779 View (650) 516-7779
Photo of Jennifer Bishop, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Jennifer Bishop
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
I am passionate about helping individuals live to their utmost potential. With an open-hearted, non-judgmental, and empathetic approach, I strive to create a safe space for exploration and growth. Drawing on a wealth of experience, I approach therapy with a holistic perspective, recognizing that each person's journey is unique. My goal is to help clients navigate challenges, develop self-awareness, and cultivate meaningful connections. Through collaborative and evidence-based, client-centered techniques, I aim to facilitate positive change and lasting transformation.
I am passionate about helping individuals live to their utmost potential. With an open-hearted, non-judgmental, and empathetic approach, I strive to create a safe space for exploration and growth. Drawing on a wealth of experience, I approach therapy with a holistic perspective, recognizing that each person's journey is unique. My goal is to help clients navigate challenges, develop self-awareness, and cultivate meaningful connections. Through collaborative and evidence-based, client-centered techniques, I aim to facilitate positive change and lasting transformation.
(323) 307-7433 View (323) 307-7433
Photo of Adria Walker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Adria Walker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
My experience includes over fifteen years of working with Adults and Teens toward healing, growth, and necessary change. My approach couples warmth and openness with practical strategies and guidance to explore new ways of coping and healing. In my work, I focus on connecting people with their values and strengths to navigate stress, anxiety, depression, and the challenges we face across our lifespans. I am well-practiced in DBT and CBT and also recognize the importance of openly sharing in a safe and supportive space.
My experience includes over fifteen years of working with Adults and Teens toward healing, growth, and necessary change. My approach couples warmth and openness with practical strategies and guidance to explore new ways of coping and healing. In my work, I focus on connecting people with their values and strengths to navigate stress, anxiety, depression, and the challenges we face across our lifespans. I am well-practiced in DBT and CBT and also recognize the importance of openly sharing in a safe and supportive space.
(951) 356-7416 View (951) 356-7416
Photo of Malissa Page, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Malissa Page
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
Hi there, I'm Malissa Page, an experienced Clinical Social Worker licensed in California and Washington State. My therapy approach is centered on creating a safe and empowering environment for women to explore their unique experiences. I utilize a range of effective therapeutic techniques to help women overcome difficult and traumatic events while encouraging them to tap into their inner strength, build resilience, and create a fulfilling and purposeful life in alignment with their authentic selves.
Hi there, I'm Malissa Page, an experienced Clinical Social Worker licensed in California and Washington State. My therapy approach is centered on creating a safe and empowering environment for women to explore their unique experiences. I utilize a range of effective therapeutic techniques to help women overcome difficult and traumatic events while encouraging them to tap into their inner strength, build resilience, and create a fulfilling and purposeful life in alignment with their authentic selves.
(949) 990-3168 View (949) 990-3168
Photo of Nicole McElderry, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Nicole McElderry
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Bruno, CA 94066
Hi there, my name is Nicole McElderry. I am a LCSW (Licensed Clinical Social Worker) with a focus on client centered and holistic approach to therapy. I work collaboratively with clients to help you achieve your goals and help you step into the life you want to be living. I have worked extensively in rural settings where wearing many hats professionally and thinking outside the box is required. I have worked with children, adolescents, adults, domestic violence survivors, adoptive and foster families, and veterans.
Hi there, my name is Nicole McElderry. I am a LCSW (Licensed Clinical Social Worker) with a focus on client centered and holistic approach to therapy. I work collaboratively with clients to help you achieve your goals and help you step into the life you want to be living. I have worked extensively in rural settings where wearing many hats professionally and thinking outside the box is required. I have worked with children, adolescents, adults, domestic violence survivors, adoptive and foster families, and veterans.
(951) 744-9260 View (951) 744-9260
Photo of Nicole Hanhan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in San Bruno, CA
Nicole Hanhan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
San Bruno, CA 94066  (Online Only)
Accepting new clients via Telehealth only. I’m here to help you make a change and I’m honored to walk this journey with you. My passion is to help you connect to the parts of you that need healing. Feeling “stuck” can look different for everyone – through low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, feeling unsafe, negative view of yourself, lack of confidence and irritability. I am here to guide you to help you transform pain into a life worth celebrating.
Accepting new clients via Telehealth only. I’m here to help you make a change and I’m honored to walk this journey with you. My passion is to help you connect to the parts of you that need healing. Feeling “stuck” can look different for everyone – through low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, feeling unsafe, negative view of yourself, lack of confidence and irritability. I am here to guide you to help you transform pain into a life worth celebrating.
(415) 843-2483 View (415) 843-2483
Photo of Laura Reinitz, Associate Clinical Social Worker in San Bruno, CA
Laura Reinitz
Associate Clinical Social Worker, RCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Bruno, CA 94066  (Online Only)
I enjoy helping people discover solutions that work for them. This means that we'll work together to discover your strengths and use this information as a guide for crafting new, effective strategies that create positive changes. We each have important roles to play: You bring the expertise on yourself, and I bring my therapeutic training and professional experience. Together, we’ll work toward reaching your goals.
I enjoy helping people discover solutions that work for them. This means that we'll work together to discover your strengths and use this information as a guide for crafting new, effective strategies that create positive changes. We each have important roles to play: You bring the expertise on yourself, and I bring my therapeutic training and professional experience. Together, we’ll work toward reaching your goals.
(650) 629-3387 View (650) 629-3387

See more therapy options for San Bruno

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in San Bruno, CA

50+

Average cost per session

$190

Therapists in San Bruno, CA who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
86% Depression
73% Relationship Issues
69% Self Esteem
64% Stress
63% Coping Skills
63% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

89% Aetna
84% Health Net
84% MHN | Health Net

How Therapists in San Bruno, CA see their clients

73% In Person and Online
27% Online Only

Gender breakdown

87% Female
13% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in San Bruno?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.