Therapists in San Bernardino, CA

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Photo of Karen Kaiser, LPCC
Karen Kaiser
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92410
Hello, my name is Karen Kaiser, I'm a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor. I have worked in behavioral health since 1986 and believe in a client-centered approach. I view my role as a therapist not as an expert dictating your path, but as a guide accompanying you on your journey towards healing and self-discovery. I believe that each individual holds the key to their own well-being; my job is to support you in unlocking your inherent potential and navigating the challenges that arise along the way.
Hello, my name is Karen Kaiser, I'm a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor. I have worked in behavioral health since 1986 and believe in a client-centered approach. I view my role as a therapist not as an expert dictating your path, but as a guide accompanying you on your journey towards healing and self-discovery. I believe that each individual holds the key to their own well-being; my job is to support you in unlocking your inherent potential and navigating the challenges that arise along the way.
(951) 540-0241 View (951) 540-0241
Photo of Katrina Blackwell, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Katrina Blackwell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92410
My name is Katrina Blackwell and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Los Angeles, California, working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and specialize in anxiety, stress, and life transitions, using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Life Coaching to help my clients make progress and reach their personal goals. My approach to therapy is based on the needs of each client I work with. I select the modality that will help determine the client’s mindset and thought patterns, allowing myself and the client to develop steps toward goal attainment.
My name is Katrina Blackwell and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) based in Los Angeles, California, working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with adults and specialize in anxiety, stress, and life transitions, using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Life Coaching to help my clients make progress and reach their personal goals. My approach to therapy is based on the needs of each client I work with. I select the modality that will help determine the client’s mindset and thought patterns, allowing myself and the client to develop steps toward goal attainment.
(909) 378-9405 View (909) 378-9405
Photo of Heather Metzger, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Heather Metzger
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92404
Hi, I'm Heather Metzger, a Licensed Therapist with experience in diversity. I work with all kinds of people to address difficulty with life transitions and persistent mood and substance use issues. I work with young adults and mid-career adults facing stage-of-life issues and transitions. I'm comfortable working with you on resistant depression, substance abuse, grief, and past trauma and childhood neglect.
Hi, I'm Heather Metzger, a Licensed Therapist with experience in diversity. I work with all kinds of people to address difficulty with life transitions and persistent mood and substance use issues. I work with young adults and mid-career adults facing stage-of-life issues and transitions. I'm comfortable working with you on resistant depression, substance abuse, grief, and past trauma and childhood neglect.
(909) 308-5635 View (909) 308-5635
Photo of Monica Jauregui-Gomez - Mariposa Therapy, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mariposa Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Bernardino, CA 92408
Waitlist for new clients
Life is forever changing. Managing these changes can be challenging. I often tell the clients I serve, “I wish I could stop the difficult things in life from happening, but I can’t.” What I can do, however is help to support you in managing and navigating the difficulties that life brings. Everyone has battles to fight and hurdles to overcome at some point. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression, difficulties in establishing healthy boundaries in your relationships, or any other issue, there is support here, to support you in managing challenging feelings and circumstances in a healthy way.
Life is forever changing. Managing these changes can be challenging. I often tell the clients I serve, “I wish I could stop the difficult things in life from happening, but I can’t.” What I can do, however is help to support you in managing and navigating the difficulties that life brings. Everyone has battles to fight and hurdles to overcome at some point. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression, difficulties in establishing healthy boundaries in your relationships, or any other issue, there is support here, to support you in managing challenging feelings and circumstances in a healthy way.
(909) 248-7340 View (909) 248-7340
Photo of Frances Blanco, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Frances Blanco
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92407  (Online Only)
I understand, life happens and that's okay, I want you to know you are not alone in your circumstances. I am here to help you heal, grow and thrive. "Owning our story can be hard, but not nearly as difficult as spending our lives running from it. Embracing our vulnerabilities is risky, but not nearly as dangerous as giving up on love and belonging and joy- the experiences that make us the most vulnerable. Only when we are brave enough to explore the darkness will we discover the infinite power of our light."
I understand, life happens and that's okay, I want you to know you are not alone in your circumstances. I am here to help you heal, grow and thrive. "Owning our story can be hard, but not nearly as difficult as spending our lives running from it. Embracing our vulnerabilities is risky, but not nearly as dangerous as giving up on love and belonging and joy- the experiences that make us the most vulnerable. Only when we are brave enough to explore the darkness will we discover the infinite power of our light."
(909) 403-4829 View (909) 403-4829
Photo of Joni Dominguez, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Joni Dominguez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92408  (Online Only)
Immediate Openings – Anxiety, Depression, and life stressors can be debilitating. Often, the worst part is not knowing what causes them, how to heal from them, and having no support. Hi, I’m Joni Dominguez and I specialize in helping you discover the underlying cause, give you the tools to heal, and provide you the support you need in your mental health journey.
Immediate Openings – Anxiety, Depression, and life stressors can be debilitating. Often, the worst part is not knowing what causes them, how to heal from them, and having no support. Hi, I’m Joni Dominguez and I specialize in helping you discover the underlying cause, give you the tools to heal, and provide you the support you need in your mental health journey.
(909) 280-8929 View (909) 280-8929
Photo of Chanel Treadwell, LPCC, PPS
Chanel Treadwell
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC, PPS
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92408
Your life and happiness are important to me! The human experience is not always easy and sometimes, we need support along our journeys. Whatever your experience, concerns, needs, or aspirations for personal growth, my desire is to work with you toward those goals. I have a passion for working with children, adolescents, and young adults. I know the development years can be difficult to navigate, especially in our ever-changing world, both for children as well as parents and guardians. I am an LGBTQ+ Ally and also specialize in working with anxiety, depression, trauma, with all age groups, as well as academic-related concerns.
Your life and happiness are important to me! The human experience is not always easy and sometimes, we need support along our journeys. Whatever your experience, concerns, needs, or aspirations for personal growth, my desire is to work with you toward those goals. I have a passion for working with children, adolescents, and young adults. I know the development years can be difficult to navigate, especially in our ever-changing world, both for children as well as parents and guardians. I am an LGBTQ+ Ally and also specialize in working with anxiety, depression, trauma, with all age groups, as well as academic-related concerns.
(909) 646-4584 View (909) 646-4584
Photo of Mirna Johnson - Inland Empire Counseling, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Inland Empire Counseling
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92408
Welcome to Inland Empire Counseling! Our team is dedicated to providing high-quality counseling services. Whether you're struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, addiction, or relationship issues, we're here to help. Our evidence-based techniques and client-centered approach ensure that our services are tailored to your needs. We are currently accepting cash only on a sliding scale but hope to be accepting most major insurance plans in the near future. We also offer flexible scheduling to accommodate you timeframe. Thank you for choosing us as your therapy provider!
Welcome to Inland Empire Counseling! Our team is dedicated to providing high-quality counseling services. Whether you're struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, addiction, or relationship issues, we're here to help. Our evidence-based techniques and client-centered approach ensure that our services are tailored to your needs. We are currently accepting cash only on a sliding scale but hope to be accepting most major insurance plans in the near future. We also offer flexible scheduling to accommodate you timeframe. Thank you for choosing us as your therapy provider!
(951) 749-6440 View (951) 749-6440
Photo of Niecole M Bragdon, APCC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Niecole M Bragdon
Pre-Licensed Professional, APCC
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92408
Accepting New Referrals and most insurances! With my warm gentle nature and holistic approach, I support my clients in uncovering their true resilient selves. I love working with those who are looking to find relief from trauma, PTSD, anxiety, depression, and grief, as well as those seeking support with perfectionism, relationships, dating, identity, spirituality, sexuality, and creativity. I believe a connected, healthy, and successful marriage is possible.
Accepting New Referrals and most insurances! With my warm gentle nature and holistic approach, I support my clients in uncovering their true resilient selves. I love working with those who are looking to find relief from trauma, PTSD, anxiety, depression, and grief, as well as those seeking support with perfectionism, relationships, dating, identity, spirituality, sexuality, and creativity. I believe a connected, healthy, and successful marriage is possible.
(909) 655-4997 View (909) 655-4997
Photo of Ashley Duckgeischel, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ashley Duckgeischel
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92407
Hello! My name is Ashley Duckgeischel, and I'm a licensed marriage and family therapist, located in Southern California. My mission as a therapist is to support my clients towards growth emotionally, cognitively, and spiritually as they become more fully the individuals they are designed to be. It's my goal to assist clients to have a more defined sense of self and to help them live out a life that is in line with the values they hold to. While I have experience working with clients of all backgrounds and faith systems, I am a practicing Christian who holds to a biblical worldview.
Hello! My name is Ashley Duckgeischel, and I'm a licensed marriage and family therapist, located in Southern California. My mission as a therapist is to support my clients towards growth emotionally, cognitively, and spiritually as they become more fully the individuals they are designed to be. It's my goal to assist clients to have a more defined sense of self and to help them live out a life that is in line with the values they hold to. While I have experience working with clients of all backgrounds and faith systems, I am a practicing Christian who holds to a biblical worldview.
(760) 496-5894 View (760) 496-5894
Photo of John R Stafford - Seeds of Wellness Counseling Services - John S, MA, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Seeds of Wellness Counseling Services - John S
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Bernardino, CA 92408  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
John’s extensive experience in mental health, along with his advanced degree in Psychology and high GPA, showcase his dedication to the field and commitment to helping others. His background in the technology sector demonstrates his ability to pivot and succeed in different industries, making him a well-rounded and accomplished Associate Marriage and Family Therapist.
John’s extensive experience in mental health, along with his advanced degree in Psychology and high GPA, showcase his dedication to the field and commitment to helping others. His background in the technology sector demonstrates his ability to pivot and succeed in different industries, making him a well-rounded and accomplished Associate Marriage and Family Therapist.
(909) 403-7674 x101 View (909) 403-7674 x101
Photo of Keyaira Allen, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Keyaira Allen
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92408
Welcome to a safe space where healing is not just a destination but a transformative journey. I'm Keyaira, a dedicated therapist with a passion for guiding individuals through the process of overcoming life's challenges. With a background in working with at-risk youth and survivors of traumatic experiences, including domestic violence, sexual assault, and child abuse, I bring a wealth of experience and empathy to my practice. In my therapeutic practice, I believe in the power of resilience and the capacity for growth, even in the face of the darkest moments.
Welcome to a safe space where healing is not just a destination but a transformative journey. I'm Keyaira, a dedicated therapist with a passion for guiding individuals through the process of overcoming life's challenges. With a background in working with at-risk youth and survivors of traumatic experiences, including domestic violence, sexual assault, and child abuse, I bring a wealth of experience and empathy to my practice. In my therapeutic practice, I believe in the power of resilience and the capacity for growth, even in the face of the darkest moments.
(951) 457-6203 View (951) 457-6203
Photo of Michelle Soto, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Michelle Soto
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92407
Whatever you’re going through, I am here to support your journey. I am experienced and qualified to provide psychotherapy to individuals for issues varying from: depression, anxiety, grief/loss, trauma, low self-esteem, suicide ideation, to life stressors and more. You deserve to heal, grow, and live the life you’re capable of.
Whatever you’re going through, I am here to support your journey. I am experienced and qualified to provide psychotherapy to individuals for issues varying from: depression, anxiety, grief/loss, trauma, low self-esteem, suicide ideation, to life stressors and more. You deserve to heal, grow, and live the life you’re capable of.
(909) 497-1620 View (909) 497-1620
Photo of Christal Avila - Renaissances Bilingual Counseling, LCSW, 88330, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Renaissances Bilingual Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, 88330
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92408
Waitlist for new clients
Hola! Hello! Are you looking for a space where you can receive guidance and support to treat and improve the way you feel about some aspect of your life? Life gets difficult for EVERYONE at times. Whether it’s adjusting to a new life transition, feeling anxious or depressed, coping with past trauma, or relational difficulties with your partner, children or family. Together, we can help you live a happier and more fulfilling life. My modality includes in-person, and telehealth.
Hola! Hello! Are you looking for a space where you can receive guidance and support to treat and improve the way you feel about some aspect of your life? Life gets difficult for EVERYONE at times. Whether it’s adjusting to a new life transition, feeling anxious or depressed, coping with past trauma, or relational difficulties with your partner, children or family. Together, we can help you live a happier and more fulfilling life. My modality includes in-person, and telehealth.
(909) 310-7357 View (909) 310-7357
Photo of Nicole Cue, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Nicole Cue
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
San Bernardino, CA 92408  (Online Only)
Has your marriage become stale? Do you feel more like roommates than romantic partners? Are you having a difficult time balancing work, kids, leisure time, and your relationship? Have you experienced infidelity or some other form of broken trust? Or maybe you just want to strengthen your relationship for the future. I'd love to speak with you. You can create a life of intention and authenticity moving beyond unconscious reactions to insight and meaning. You will be in a safe place to honestly tend to your feelings and needs. I work holistically with your relational goals.
Has your marriage become stale? Do you feel more like roommates than romantic partners? Are you having a difficult time balancing work, kids, leisure time, and your relationship? Have you experienced infidelity or some other form of broken trust? Or maybe you just want to strengthen your relationship for the future. I'd love to speak with you. You can create a life of intention and authenticity moving beyond unconscious reactions to insight and meaning. You will be in a safe place to honestly tend to your feelings and needs. I work holistically with your relational goals.
(909) 757-0083 View (909) 757-0083
Zulema Velazquez
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
San Bernardino, CA 92408  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I am a compassionate therapist with a lot of respect and understanding for individuals facing difficulties. I have experience working with multiple mental health issues and a diverse clientele. I invite you to join me in finding interventions that are appropriate for your own life and journey.
I am a compassionate therapist with a lot of respect and understanding for individuals facing difficulties. I have experience working with multiple mental health issues and a diverse clientele. I invite you to join me in finding interventions that are appropriate for your own life and journey.
(951) 467-3189 View (951) 467-3189
Photo of Shawn McLendon, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Shawn McLendon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92404
Hi, I'm Shawn McLendon, LCSW. My approach to therapy is eclectic in that we are all unique individuals with unique needs. I have been successful in assisting individuals manage anxiety and stress, depression, lack of motivation and increase their satisfaction in their life course. I have had success in assisting Cl in overcoming depression, minimizing anxiety, increasing motivation and dealing with loss. I have helped individuals in finding their desired purpose in life, overcoming procrastination and increasing their awareness of self and others.
Hi, I'm Shawn McLendon, LCSW. My approach to therapy is eclectic in that we are all unique individuals with unique needs. I have been successful in assisting individuals manage anxiety and stress, depression, lack of motivation and increase their satisfaction in their life course. I have had success in assisting Cl in overcoming depression, minimizing anxiety, increasing motivation and dealing with loss. I have helped individuals in finding their desired purpose in life, overcoming procrastination and increasing their awareness of self and others.
(951) 364-1306 View (951) 364-1306
Photo of Colbi Rae Pickl, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Colbi Rae Pickl
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Bernardino, CA 92408
When things start to feel like they are too much, do you bottle up your emotions? Or maybe you explode? Do you find that as much as you try to move on, your past experiences still hold you back? Maybe you’ve recently gone through something difficult and it feels like you can’t get back to yourself. Maybe you say yes to everyone because you’re afraid what will happen if you say no - leaving your needs on the back burner. Maybe you’re worried about your child. Maybe you and your spouse are struggling to communicate. Maybe your brain runs a mile a minute and you can’t slow it down. Whatever the case, you want to feel better.
When things start to feel like they are too much, do you bottle up your emotions? Or maybe you explode? Do you find that as much as you try to move on, your past experiences still hold you back? Maybe you’ve recently gone through something difficult and it feels like you can’t get back to yourself. Maybe you say yes to everyone because you’re afraid what will happen if you say no - leaving your needs on the back burner. Maybe you’re worried about your child. Maybe you and your spouse are struggling to communicate. Maybe your brain runs a mile a minute and you can’t slow it down. Whatever the case, you want to feel better.
(909) 787-2528 View (909) 787-2528
Photo of Nicole M. Hernandez, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Nicole M. Hernandez
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
San Bernardino, CA 92405  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Nicole and I am a female identified Multi-Racial Associate Marriage and Family Therapist specializing in Trauma. I entered this field after realizing that I was always the person others went to for advice when going through difficult times. I've been practicing for three years and work with individuals ages (9 and up) from various cultural backgrounds dealing with depression, anxiety, relationships, self-esteem, childhood trauma, and other personal challenges. I work in collaboration with other therapists as a team to benefit all my clients.
Hello, my name is Nicole and I am a female identified Multi-Racial Associate Marriage and Family Therapist specializing in Trauma. I entered this field after realizing that I was always the person others went to for advice when going through difficult times. I've been practicing for three years and work with individuals ages (9 and up) from various cultural backgrounds dealing with depression, anxiety, relationships, self-esteem, childhood trauma, and other personal challenges. I work in collaboration with other therapists as a team to benefit all my clients.
(909) 245-6103 View (909) 245-6103
Photo of Margaret Evanow - Margaret Evanow, LPCC, Clinical Counseling Svc, MS, PhD, LPCC, CCTP, DBTC, Counselor
Margaret Evanow, LPCC, Clinical Counseling Svc
Counselor, MS, PhD, LPCC, CCTP, DBTC
Verified Verified
San Bernardino, CA 92405  (Online Only)
Are there times when you feel like you are just hanging on, going through the motions without really living, struggling to deal with substantial problems or life traumas? Then it is time to face the challenges that life has brought you and move toward the life that you envision. A life that is peace-filled, satisfying, bringing out the gifts that you carry inside - it is possible! Counseling is a process to help you enhance your life path, heal your life traumas, stop addictive patterns, and move forward. NOW is time to begin your journey - we can start together.
Are there times when you feel like you are just hanging on, going through the motions without really living, struggling to deal with substantial problems or life traumas? Then it is time to face the challenges that life has brought you and move toward the life that you envision. A life that is peace-filled, satisfying, bringing out the gifts that you carry inside - it is possible! Counseling is a process to help you enhance your life path, heal your life traumas, stop addictive patterns, and move forward. NOW is time to begin your journey - we can start together.
(909) 361-4562 View (909) 361-4562
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in San Bernardino, CA

300+

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in San Bernardino, CA who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
87% Depression
72% Coping Skills
71% Self Esteem
67% Relationship Issues
67% Stress
62% Grief

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% Aetna
76% Cigna and Evernorth
76% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in San Bernardino, CA see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
23% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in San Bernardino?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.