Therapists in Sacramento, CA

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Photo of Tiffany Wetzel, MS, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Tiffany Wetzel
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95816
Not accepting new clients
Creating therapeutic trust and emotional safety are two of my greatest strengths as a therapist. I will work with you to create an environment in which you can discover your own truth and authentic self, and increase your capacity to make healthy life choices and find fulfilling relationships. I work to help my clients better understand the motivations for their actions and decisions in their lives.
Creating therapeutic trust and emotional safety are two of my greatest strengths as a therapist. I will work with you to create an environment in which you can discover your own truth and authentic self, and increase your capacity to make healthy life choices and find fulfilling relationships. I work to help my clients better understand the motivations for their actions and decisions in their lives.
(916) 378-5041 View (916) 378-5041
Photo of Kristine Hughes, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kristine Hughes
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95820
My name is Kristine Hughes, and I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist in California. I enjoy treating individual adults and teens experiencing mood disorders such as depression and bipolar disorder, anxiety/panic attacks, substance abuse/addiction, self-harm behaviors and suicidal ideation, stress, relationship problems, abuse, and trauma. My therapeutic approach utilizes techniques from Mindfulness, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. The most foundation and important therapeutic element however is the safe trusting relationship built with each client.
My name is Kristine Hughes, and I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist in California. I enjoy treating individual adults and teens experiencing mood disorders such as depression and bipolar disorder, anxiety/panic attacks, substance abuse/addiction, self-harm behaviors and suicidal ideation, stress, relationship problems, abuse, and trauma. My therapeutic approach utilizes techniques from Mindfulness, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. The most foundation and important therapeutic element however is the safe trusting relationship built with each client.
(916) 776-5929 View (916) 776-5929
Photo of Allison Carr Bachelder Is Not Currently Accepting New Clients., AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Allison Carr Bachelder Is Not Currently Accepting New Clients.
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95811
“Just because no one else can heal or do your inner work for you doesn’t mean you can, need, or should do it alone.” – Lisa Olivera. I deeply understand and respect the complexity of the human experience. I consider it a privilege to work with children, adolescents, adults, families, and couples as they navigate life. I consider it a privilege to work with children, adolescents, adults, families, and couples as they navigate life. I collaborate with clients to learn their unique needs, individualize therapeutic tools, and integrate research-based techniques.
“Just because no one else can heal or do your inner work for you doesn’t mean you can, need, or should do it alone.” – Lisa Olivera. I deeply understand and respect the complexity of the human experience. I consider it a privilege to work with children, adolescents, adults, families, and couples as they navigate life. I consider it a privilege to work with children, adolescents, adults, families, and couples as they navigate life. I collaborate with clients to learn their unique needs, individualize therapeutic tools, and integrate research-based techniques.
(916) 884-2567 View (916) 884-2567
Photo of Kelsey Mitchell, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kelsey Mitchell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95825
Vulnerability is the birthplace of innovation, creativity and change. Brené Brown As a clinician, Kelsey believes in the importance of human relationships and in the dignity and worth of each person. She has been working in the mental health field for over 5 years doing individual therapy with kids ages 1218 and young adults up to age 30. Kelsey specializes in school stressors, anxiety, depression, trauma, and drug/alcohol related challenges. Additionally, Kelsey has experience navigating school and county resources such as probation and CPS.
Vulnerability is the birthplace of innovation, creativity and change. Brené Brown As a clinician, Kelsey believes in the importance of human relationships and in the dignity and worth of each person. She has been working in the mental health field for over 5 years doing individual therapy with kids ages 1218 and young adults up to age 30. Kelsey specializes in school stressors, anxiety, depression, trauma, and drug/alcohol related challenges. Additionally, Kelsey has experience navigating school and county resources such as probation and CPS.
(916) 378-1566 View (916) 378-1566
Photo of William Schneider - Life Steps Consulting, LAADC, ICADC, Drug & Alcohol Counselor
Life Steps Consulting
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, LAADC, ICADC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95816
Have you or a loved one struggled with alcohol or drug dependency? Allow me to help you on your journey to recovery. At Life Steps Consulting, we know that life is full of different transitions, which can be broken down into a series of steps. When you are struggling with substance abuse, movement through the transitional steps halts, causing you to fall into unhealthy life cycles, which impact your career goals, relationships, physical and mental health. I can help you get back on track. I not only have studied the disease of alcohol and drug addiction, but I have been there and I know how you feel.
Have you or a loved one struggled with alcohol or drug dependency? Allow me to help you on your journey to recovery. At Life Steps Consulting, we know that life is full of different transitions, which can be broken down into a series of steps. When you are struggling with substance abuse, movement through the transitional steps halts, causing you to fall into unhealthy life cycles, which impact your career goals, relationships, physical and mental health. I can help you get back on track. I not only have studied the disease of alcohol and drug addiction, but I have been there and I know how you feel.
(916) 545-9754 View (916) 545-9754
Photo of Glenda O'Sullivan, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Glenda O'Sullivan
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95826  (Online Only)
I have 20 years of experience working with clients creating a safe space where they can explore the thoughts, feelings, and emotions that are getting in the way of having the relationships and lives they want. Making changes can be scary. Through compassion, empathy, and nonjudgmental acceptance I challenge you to look at yourself and the situation from a different perspective. Using Evidence-Based approaches like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Feedback Informed Treatment I will help you reach the goals that are most important to you.
I have 20 years of experience working with clients creating a safe space where they can explore the thoughts, feelings, and emotions that are getting in the way of having the relationships and lives they want. Making changes can be scary. Through compassion, empathy, and nonjudgmental acceptance I challenge you to look at yourself and the situation from a different perspective. Using Evidence-Based approaches like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Feedback Informed Treatment I will help you reach the goals that are most important to you.
(279) 205-7646 View (279) 205-7646
Photo of Brace Bacon, Marriage & Family Therapist
Brace Bacon
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 94203  (Online Only)
Your culture impacts the way you view the world, the way it views you, and your experience in seeking therapy. As someone who identifies as LGBTQIA+ and a man of color, I understand the importance of inclusion. I am here to help you navigate anxieties, depression, romantic and peer relationships, career choices, sexual orientation, parenting, self-esteem, and recovery support. Our time together will be collaborative and an opportunity for growth where I see my role as someone walking alongside you.
Your culture impacts the way you view the world, the way it views you, and your experience in seeking therapy. As someone who identifies as LGBTQIA+ and a man of color, I understand the importance of inclusion. I am here to help you navigate anxieties, depression, romantic and peer relationships, career choices, sexual orientation, parenting, self-esteem, and recovery support. Our time together will be collaborative and an opportunity for growth where I see my role as someone walking alongside you.
(323) 405-7255 View (323) 405-7255
Photo of Catherine Lee, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Catherine Lee
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95816
Welcome to my practice. I am a licensed marriage and family therapist with experience working with individuals and families. I love working with people who struggle with anxiety disorders, going through life transitions, need support in parenting skills, have conflict in the family system, and struggle with various relationships.
Welcome to my practice. I am a licensed marriage and family therapist with experience working with individuals and families. I love working with people who struggle with anxiety disorders, going through life transitions, need support in parenting skills, have conflict in the family system, and struggle with various relationships.
(916) 237-8837 View (916) 237-8837
Photo of Amy Groven, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Amy Groven
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95820  (Online Only)
Do you always feel on edge? Did something traumatic happen? Trauma is a disruption to the nervous system that often creates patterns and loops that extend into many areas of a person's life. It can affect our bodies, our minds and the way we relate to other people. Sometimes the way people survive their trauma brings them more pain, adds to the chaos, and reinforces negative beliefs that perpetuate the cycle as well as causing other mental health issues grow- such as depression and anxiety. I work with people of various cultures, sexual orientations, and gender identities and know that trauma is non-discriminatory.
Do you always feel on edge? Did something traumatic happen? Trauma is a disruption to the nervous system that often creates patterns and loops that extend into many areas of a person's life. It can affect our bodies, our minds and the way we relate to other people. Sometimes the way people survive their trauma brings them more pain, adds to the chaos, and reinforces negative beliefs that perpetuate the cycle as well as causing other mental health issues grow- such as depression and anxiety. I work with people of various cultures, sexual orientations, and gender identities and know that trauma is non-discriminatory.
(916) 249-8340 View (916) 249-8340
Photo of Dennis Hollingsworth, LMFT, CADC-ll, Marriage & Family Therapist
Dennis Hollingsworth
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CADC-ll
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95821
After splitting time between a non-profit community center and private practice for a number of years, I am now solely focused on private practice. I am excited about the opportunity to continue my work with individuals, couples, families and children. I approach my work with respect, cultural awareness and a strong belief in self-empowerment. Our time together will be supportive, collaborative, focused and goal driven. Although I am continually learning and searching for what works, Reality Therapy/Choice Theory is my primary theoretical approach. I also regularly use Feedback Informed Treatment measures.
After splitting time between a non-profit community center and private practice for a number of years, I am now solely focused on private practice. I am excited about the opportunity to continue my work with individuals, couples, families and children. I approach my work with respect, cultural awareness and a strong belief in self-empowerment. Our time together will be supportive, collaborative, focused and goal driven. Although I am continually learning and searching for what works, Reality Therapy/Choice Theory is my primary theoretical approach. I also regularly use Feedback Informed Treatment measures.
(916) 435-6094 View (916) 435-6094
Photo of Brandy Dunn - Sacramento Psychology, PsyD, Psychologist
Sacramento Psychology
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95814
Learn how to feel more connected to yourself, others and the world around you. Therapy provides all the elements of intimacy: honest communication, vulnerability and trust. Good therapy is challenging yet warm, providing both structure and empathy for your unique experience. We are a collective of therapists with a wide range of specialties. Our intake professionals will help connect you with the right therapist for your needs. We make appointments easy, offering evenings and weekends and flexibility for creative professionals who can't make the same time each week.
Learn how to feel more connected to yourself, others and the world around you. Therapy provides all the elements of intimacy: honest communication, vulnerability and trust. Good therapy is challenging yet warm, providing both structure and empathy for your unique experience. We are a collective of therapists with a wide range of specialties. Our intake professionals will help connect you with the right therapist for your needs. We make appointments easy, offering evenings and weekends and flexibility for creative professionals who can't make the same time each week.
(916) 269-5112 View (916) 269-5112
Photo of Allison Alvarez-Lara, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Allison Alvarez-Lara
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95831
Do you have a hard time putting yourself first? Do you find yourself walking on eggshells in your relationships? Are you a worrier? Do those worries and negative thoughts interfere constantly with your daily life? You may feel like your brain never stops, even waking up in the middle of the night with a million thoughts in your head. You might find yourself replaying situations from yesterday or from 10 years ago obsessing about what went wrong. You often get stuck in a never-ending loop of anxiety and guilt. It’s exhausting, frustrating, and overwhelming!
Do you have a hard time putting yourself first? Do you find yourself walking on eggshells in your relationships? Are you a worrier? Do those worries and negative thoughts interfere constantly with your daily life? You may feel like your brain never stops, even waking up in the middle of the night with a million thoughts in your head. You might find yourself replaying situations from yesterday or from 10 years ago obsessing about what went wrong. You often get stuck in a never-ending loop of anxiety and guilt. It’s exhausting, frustrating, and overwhelming!
(916) 619-3009 View (916) 619-3009
Photo of Dale Blunden, PhD, Psychologist
Dale Blunden
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95816
Waitlist for new clients
Hello... I would welcome talking with you in person or on the phone about what you are looking for and what I think I might be able to offer you. Together, we'd decide about the goodness of our fit. In my practice I work mainly with adults in individual or couple therapy as well as with psychotherapists who want consultation, particularly consultation that incorporates their personal psychological work. I bring 25+ years of experience to the practice of psychotherapy and continue to feel grown and deepened by this process.
Hello... I would welcome talking with you in person or on the phone about what you are looking for and what I think I might be able to offer you. Together, we'd decide about the goodness of our fit. In my practice I work mainly with adults in individual or couple therapy as well as with psychotherapists who want consultation, particularly consultation that incorporates their personal psychological work. I bring 25+ years of experience to the practice of psychotherapy and continue to feel grown and deepened by this process.
(916) 448-8481 View (916) 448-8481
Photo of Renata Peterson, MSW, LCSW, CCHT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Renata Peterson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, CCHT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95821
I believe that when individuals are ready to receive help, they will benefit greatly. Those I serve have sought assistance because they seek to move beyond their struggle, not because they had been asked to do so. This is not to say that those who have been encouraged haven't benefited as well. The approaches used allow me to serve those who are experiencing stress, anxiety or trauma. I also assist those who are ready to find their life's purpose but feel that they need the extra support in meeting this goal.
I believe that when individuals are ready to receive help, they will benefit greatly. Those I serve have sought assistance because they seek to move beyond their struggle, not because they had been asked to do so. This is not to say that those who have been encouraged haven't benefited as well. The approaches used allow me to serve those who are experiencing stress, anxiety or trauma. I also assist those who are ready to find their life's purpose but feel that they need the extra support in meeting this goal.
(916) 778-3116 View (916) 778-3116
Photo of Helen Lozano, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Helen Lozano
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95822
My name is Helen Lozano (LCSW 101068) and my approach to therapy is collaborative, as you are the expert on your life and my role is to assist in achieving your goals. The overarching focus of my areas of practice is to increase healing and decrease pain, hurt; this is done by addressing anxiety, depression, stress, and other underlying issues. I have typically worked with pre-adolescent, adolescent, adults, and older adults providing treatment to address anxiety, depressive, trauma, and stressor conditions.
My name is Helen Lozano (LCSW 101068) and my approach to therapy is collaborative, as you are the expert on your life and my role is to assist in achieving your goals. The overarching focus of my areas of practice is to increase healing and decrease pain, hurt; this is done by addressing anxiety, depression, stress, and other underlying issues. I have typically worked with pre-adolescent, adolescent, adults, and older adults providing treatment to address anxiety, depressive, trauma, and stressor conditions.
(916) 623-1258 View (916) 623-1258
Photo of Renee Bond, LPCC
Renee Bond
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95816
Being a human is hard. Sometimes we need a little help to get back on track to our truest self. Together we will forge a powerful partnership learning new tools creating a safe intentional way of being. If you’re a sensitive and probably overwhelmed human ready for a reset, this is the place for you.
Being a human is hard. Sometimes we need a little help to get back on track to our truest self. Together we will forge a powerful partnership learning new tools creating a safe intentional way of being. If you’re a sensitive and probably overwhelmed human ready for a reset, this is the place for you.
(530) 627-2196 View (530) 627-2196
Photo of Prof. Jasmine S Ali, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Prof. Jasmine S Ali
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95816  (Online Only)
I believe in working with my clients to develop collaborative goals that will allow us to utilize evidence-based, culturally-responsive and faith-based interventions, as desired. My methods incorporate both eastern and western healing interventions and always begin with a holistic life assessment. Too often clinicians work to make the symptoms feel more manageable. I like to do things differently. I work alongside my clients to discover the root causes of their struggles and witness my clients empowering themselves to unravel those unhealthy habits and replace them with healthy ones. Together we can learn how to heal and thrive.
I believe in working with my clients to develop collaborative goals that will allow us to utilize evidence-based, culturally-responsive and faith-based interventions, as desired. My methods incorporate both eastern and western healing interventions and always begin with a holistic life assessment. Too often clinicians work to make the symptoms feel more manageable. I like to do things differently. I work alongside my clients to discover the root causes of their struggles and witness my clients empowering themselves to unravel those unhealthy habits and replace them with healthy ones. Together we can learn how to heal and thrive.
(530) 464-1927 View (530) 464-1927
Photo of Jessica Abdalla, PhD, Psychologist
Jessica Abdalla
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95825  (Online Only)
I am passionate about supporting clients by drawing on personal strengths and resilience to empower positive self-care. I specialize in stress, mood and anxiety disorders, adjustment/life transitions, women's health, health behavior change, sleep disorders, weight management, chronic pain management, and sexual functioning. In addition, I have expertise in working with individuals during pregnancy and postpartum, including grief following pregnancy loss, mood and anxiety disorders, adjustment to pregnancy and postpartum, and co-occurring medical concerns throughout the reproductive period.
I am passionate about supporting clients by drawing on personal strengths and resilience to empower positive self-care. I specialize in stress, mood and anxiety disorders, adjustment/life transitions, women's health, health behavior change, sleep disorders, weight management, chronic pain management, and sexual functioning. In addition, I have expertise in working with individuals during pregnancy and postpartum, including grief following pregnancy loss, mood and anxiety disorders, adjustment to pregnancy and postpartum, and co-occurring medical concerns throughout the reproductive period.
(424) 766-0861 View (424) 766-0861
Photo of Brendan Kearns, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Brendan Kearns
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95825  (Online Only)
With over 13 years of clinical experience as a therapist, adjunct professor, and supervisor in my field, I want to help clients better understand the often overwhelming experience of facing mental illness, stress, and unexpected changes that affect their sleep, anxiety levels, and mood. I help my clients to better understand and navigate their unique circumstances by offering a comfortable, safe, and empathic environment to explore strategies that allow them to regain confidence in their abilities to manage life’s challenges.
With over 13 years of clinical experience as a therapist, adjunct professor, and supervisor in my field, I want to help clients better understand the often overwhelming experience of facing mental illness, stress, and unexpected changes that affect their sleep, anxiety levels, and mood. I help my clients to better understand and navigate their unique circumstances by offering a comfortable, safe, and empathic environment to explore strategies that allow them to regain confidence in their abilities to manage life’s challenges.
(510) 567-7488 View (510) 567-7488
Photo of Nona Khara, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nona Khara
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Sacramento, CA 95834  (Online Only)
We all endure challenges at some point or another in our lives yet we continue to strive forward to find peace, solace, content, or happiness. Therapy can help identify those goals, overcome barriers, and henceforth, head toward betterment & enrichment via personal growth.
We all endure challenges at some point or another in our lives yet we continue to strive forward to find peace, solace, content, or happiness. Therapy can help identify those goals, overcome barriers, and henceforth, head toward betterment & enrichment via personal growth.
(916) 472-0960 View (916) 472-0960
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Sacramento, CA

2,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Sacramento, CA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
71% Relationship Issues
69% Self Esteem
67% Stress
65% Trauma and PTSD
65% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

72% Aetna
65% Cigna and Evernorth
60% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Sacramento, CA see their clients

65% In Person and Online
35% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
20% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Sacramento?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.