Therapists in Sacramento, CA

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Photo of Kelly Pemberton, Marriage & Family Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Kelly Pemberton
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MA, LMFT, LEP
Verified
4 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95819  (Online Only)
You are committed to feeling better, you've tried everything, but still you feel lost in the pain. You've always been able to "fix" things in your life, why not this? This time, you feel stuck. Maybe you feel gripped by anxiety or panic. Maybe you feel consumed by grief from trauma or loss of a person, pet, or life dream. Maybe you're finding yourself in new life circumstances (a significant health challenge, life milestone, career or relationship change) and wonder "who am I now"? Life has a way of challenging us. There is a way through.
You are committed to feeling better, you've tried everything, but still you feel lost in the pain. You've always been able to "fix" things in your life, why not this? This time, you feel stuck. Maybe you feel gripped by anxiety or panic. Maybe you feel consumed by grief from trauma or loss of a person, pet, or life dream. Maybe you're finding yourself in new life circumstances (a significant health challenge, life milestone, career or relationship change) and wonder "who am I now"? Life has a way of challenging us. There is a way through.
(916) 432-2011 View (916) 432-2011
Photo of Chelsea Crowe, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Sacramento, CA
Chelsea Crowe
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT, APCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95816
Have you ever found yourself plagued with racing thoughts that leave you feeling restless and awake at night? Maybe you’ve experienced a heaviness that makes taking a step from bed feel impossible? Perhaps you’re struggling to live in the present due to feeling stuck replaying past pain? You continue putting one foot in the front of the other to keep up with the everyday demands of life meanwhile feeling burned out, defeated, and disconnected. You feel ready to pursue change and live in a way that feels more fulfilling and authentic but aren’t sure where to start.
Have you ever found yourself plagued with racing thoughts that leave you feeling restless and awake at night? Maybe you’ve experienced a heaviness that makes taking a step from bed feel impossible? Perhaps you’re struggling to live in the present due to feeling stuck replaying past pain? You continue putting one foot in the front of the other to keep up with the everyday demands of life meanwhile feeling burned out, defeated, and disconnected. You feel ready to pursue change and live in a way that feels more fulfilling and authentic but aren’t sure where to start.
(530) 424-2746 View (530) 424-2746
Photo of Marla McMahon, Psychologist in Sacramento, CA
Marla McMahon
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
2 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95825
Are you struggling with anxiety, self doubt, depression, or stress? Are you dealing with past trauma that continues to affect your day to day? As an experienced holistic psychologist, I’ve helped hundreds of clients from teens to adults in dealing with anxiety, stress, trauma, loneliness, depression, grief and relationship issues. As a meditation/yoga teacher, I blend psychology with various mind-body therapies to assist clients in gaining holistic tools for managing the tough times. Treatment typically begins with traditional psychotherapy but can also include mind body therapies (meditation & breathwork & brainspotting.
Are you struggling with anxiety, self doubt, depression, or stress? Are you dealing with past trauma that continues to affect your day to day? As an experienced holistic psychologist, I’ve helped hundreds of clients from teens to adults in dealing with anxiety, stress, trauma, loneliness, depression, grief and relationship issues. As a meditation/yoga teacher, I blend psychology with various mind-body therapies to assist clients in gaining holistic tools for managing the tough times. Treatment typically begins with traditional psychotherapy but can also include mind body therapies (meditation & breathwork & brainspotting.
(916) 544-4245 View (916) 544-4245
Photo of Maliyah Coye, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Maliyah Coye
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95811  (Online Only)
There are moments in our lives where we're left feeling vulnerable, uncertain and even afraid. Old memories and strong emotions from earlier experiences often surface during times of change and transition, calling for our attention & care. Events like entering or ending a professional role or a personal relationship can trigger intense feelings of self-doubt, insecurity, & overwhelm. You can be exactly where you want to be in life yet feel like you don’t belong or that you can’t truly relish in your achievements. You may be working so hard to be liked or prevent conflict that you’re not even aware of your own preferences or limits.
There are moments in our lives where we're left feeling vulnerable, uncertain and even afraid. Old memories and strong emotions from earlier experiences often surface during times of change and transition, calling for our attention & care. Events like entering or ending a professional role or a personal relationship can trigger intense feelings of self-doubt, insecurity, & overwhelm. You can be exactly where you want to be in life yet feel like you don’t belong or that you can’t truly relish in your achievements. You may be working so hard to be liked or prevent conflict that you’re not even aware of your own preferences or limits.
(916) 694-1933 View (916) 694-1933
Photo of Life and Liberation, Marriage & Family Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Life and Liberation
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95821
I primarily work with Farsi and Dari speaking refugees who have been exposed to hardship and war. I also see teenagers who are going through identity crisis and transitional periods from childhood to adulthood. I see couples coming from traditional backgrounds trying to save their marriage by adjusting to mainstream culture. Finally, I see individuals with low-self esteem, confidence, and decision making issues.
I primarily work with Farsi and Dari speaking refugees who have been exposed to hardship and war. I also see teenagers who are going through identity crisis and transitional periods from childhood to adulthood. I see couples coming from traditional backgrounds trying to save their marriage by adjusting to mainstream culture. Finally, I see individuals with low-self esteem, confidence, and decision making issues.
(650) 866-1151 View (650) 866-1151
Photo of Ashley Damo, Marriage & Family Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Ashley Damo
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95825
Hello, my name is Ashley Damo. I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) who is passionate about creating a safe and supportive environment for my clients as they work toward their personal goals. I utilize Cognitive Behavior Therapy while working with adolescents and adults seeking therapy to address anxiety, depression, life transitions, family issues, and relationship difficulties. I also use Affirmative Therapy to address specific needs of individuals within the LGBTQ+ community.
Hello, my name is Ashley Damo. I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) who is passionate about creating a safe and supportive environment for my clients as they work toward their personal goals. I utilize Cognitive Behavior Therapy while working with adolescents and adults seeking therapy to address anxiety, depression, life transitions, family issues, and relationship difficulties. I also use Affirmative Therapy to address specific needs of individuals within the LGBTQ+ community.
(916) 776-5585 View (916) 776-5585
Photo of Sheetal Shah, Psychologist in Sacramento, CA
Sheetal Shah
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95816
My hope is that you leave therapy with a new sense of vitality, feeling empowered with a sense of congruency. I want you have an increased awareness and understanding about yourself and feel more interpersonally connected. I will strive to know who you are and how you see the world while we collaborate and work toward healing. We will focus on your emotional experience, honor your multiple identities, be in the moment, learn new skills, and help you "sit in the struggle." Therapy is a brave endeavor, and I will do my best to support this journey.
My hope is that you leave therapy with a new sense of vitality, feeling empowered with a sense of congruency. I want you have an increased awareness and understanding about yourself and feel more interpersonally connected. I will strive to know who you are and how you see the world while we collaborate and work toward healing. We will focus on your emotional experience, honor your multiple identities, be in the moment, learn new skills, and help you "sit in the struggle." Therapy is a brave endeavor, and I will do my best to support this journey.
(916) 526-3253 View (916) 526-3253
Photo of Sara Miner, Marriage & Family Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Sara Miner
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95822
Ever felt as though you are "too sensitive"? Well, the truth is we are living in a society where sensitivity is crucial. My aim is to help guide this natural emotional reaction to your environment in a productive way. This will allow you to gain confidence in your innate skills to overcome the inevitable obstacles that you will continually face throughout life.
Ever felt as though you are "too sensitive"? Well, the truth is we are living in a society where sensitivity is crucial. My aim is to help guide this natural emotional reaction to your environment in a productive way. This will allow you to gain confidence in your innate skills to overcome the inevitable obstacles that you will continually face throughout life.
(916) 237-1734 View (916) 237-1734
Photo of Jasleen Kaur, Marriage & Family Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Jasleen Kaur
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95816
As a therapist, I strive to provide an accepting, safe space where you can bring your authentic self without fear of judgment. I enjoy working with individuals of diverse backgrounds who are seeking to better understand themselves and the causes of suffering and discontent in their lives. Many feel alone when experiencing difficult life moments, but connection can make the journey feel lighter. I am interpersonal, warm, and empathetic in my approach, and I will work collaboratively with you to support emotional healing and foster empowerment in you to create the change you desire.
As a therapist, I strive to provide an accepting, safe space where you can bring your authentic self without fear of judgment. I enjoy working with individuals of diverse backgrounds who are seeking to better understand themselves and the causes of suffering and discontent in their lives. Many feel alone when experiencing difficult life moments, but connection can make the journey feel lighter. I am interpersonal, warm, and empathetic in my approach, and I will work collaboratively with you to support emotional healing and foster empowerment in you to create the change you desire.
(530) 418-6181 View (530) 418-6181
Photo of Taylor Zavala, Associate Clinical Social Worker in Sacramento, CA
Taylor Zavala
Associate Clinical Social Worker, ASW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95811
Evening appointments available - You move through life feeling misunderstood or that you “don’t belong.” You feel this need to people please, to mask, or maybe even be “perfect” in order to be accepted (even though deep down you know you might be shrinking yourself). You try one thing and then another but nothing’s really working (or if it is, it never really feels good enough). You hold an innate desire to be yourself and to be accepted and loved for who you are. You long to create deep connections with others who celebrate your soul but you aren’t quite sure where to begin or how to get there.
Evening appointments available - You move through life feeling misunderstood or that you “don’t belong.” You feel this need to people please, to mask, or maybe even be “perfect” in order to be accepted (even though deep down you know you might be shrinking yourself). You try one thing and then another but nothing’s really working (or if it is, it never really feels good enough). You hold an innate desire to be yourself and to be accepted and loved for who you are. You long to create deep connections with others who celebrate your soul but you aren’t quite sure where to begin or how to get there.
(916) 900-0651 View (916) 900-0651
Photo of Jennifer L Moore, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Jennifer L Moore
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95816
Taking a closer look at a difficult experience takes strength and I appreciate your reaching out for guidance and support. Whether to manage a recent event, like a significant loss or transition, or to process an early issue that continues to impact your sense of worth, my role is to come to understand your experience and to externalize the issue so we can approach it in a way that is manageable. We will examine to what degree practiced coping strategies support current needs and we will call on strengths and supports that serve you. I will offer you information and strategies useful in developing a sense of wellbeing.
Taking a closer look at a difficult experience takes strength and I appreciate your reaching out for guidance and support. Whether to manage a recent event, like a significant loss or transition, or to process an early issue that continues to impact your sense of worth, my role is to come to understand your experience and to externalize the issue so we can approach it in a way that is manageable. We will examine to what degree practiced coping strategies support current needs and we will call on strengths and supports that serve you. I will offer you information and strategies useful in developing a sense of wellbeing.
(279) 346-4558 View (279) 346-4558
Photo of Veronica Fry, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Veronica Fry
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95838
I have accompanied individuals in their journey of healing and finding new ways to manage life stressors for the past fourteen years. Life may have brought depression, anxiety, PTSD, Grief, and Loss to your life, making you feel overwhelmed and stuck. I provide a respectful, empathic, and caring service to my clients. I am an LGBTQ+ ally and provide supportive therapy to individuals going through the transitioning process.
I have accompanied individuals in their journey of healing and finding new ways to manage life stressors for the past fourteen years. Life may have brought depression, anxiety, PTSD, Grief, and Loss to your life, making you feel overwhelmed and stuck. I provide a respectful, empathic, and caring service to my clients. I am an LGBTQ+ ally and provide supportive therapy to individuals going through the transitioning process.
(916) 666-6577 View (916) 666-6577
Photo of Micaela Marie Van Dine, Marriage & Family Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Micaela Marie Van Dine
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MA
Verified
2 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95816
I am a forensic psychotherapist that works with families involved in custody disputes with a focus on the best interests for children. My focus with all clients is to find solutions to complex issues. My approach is direct and goal oriented. For psychotherapy, I treat individuals, families, and children. I also hold closed support groups for Recovery from Psychological Abuse (specifically narcissistic abuse). I work extensively with individuals going through divorce. I enjoy working with children and teens in treating depression/ anxiety, Trauma, Introversion/social anxiety, peer issues, and parental conflict/divorce.
I am a forensic psychotherapist that works with families involved in custody disputes with a focus on the best interests for children. My focus with all clients is to find solutions to complex issues. My approach is direct and goal oriented. For psychotherapy, I treat individuals, families, and children. I also hold closed support groups for Recovery from Psychological Abuse (specifically narcissistic abuse). I work extensively with individuals going through divorce. I enjoy working with children and teens in treating depression/ anxiety, Trauma, Introversion/social anxiety, peer issues, and parental conflict/divorce.
(916) 507-1817 View (916) 507-1817
Photo of Daisy Reese, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Daisy Reese
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CGP
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95811
As a therapist and trainer/consultant for over 30 years, I’ve come to appreciate the power of stories - both individual and collective. Who am I? How do I build and sustain relationships that matter? How do I express what is making it hard to find my place in the world and express who I really am? These are questions that we all struggle with. Therapy offers a support for exploring these questions ad discovering our own answers. I am a Certified Relational Gestalt Therapist with training in Jungian, Object Relations and Family Systems. I look forward to the possibility of getting to know you.
As a therapist and trainer/consultant for over 30 years, I’ve come to appreciate the power of stories - both individual and collective. Who am I? How do I build and sustain relationships that matter? How do I express what is making it hard to find my place in the world and express who I really am? These are questions that we all struggle with. Therapy offers a support for exploring these questions ad discovering our own answers. I am a Certified Relational Gestalt Therapist with training in Jungian, Object Relations and Family Systems. I look forward to the possibility of getting to know you.
(510) 306-1737 View (510) 306-1737
Photo of Adriana Lloyd, Psychologist in Sacramento, CA
Adriana Lloyd
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95835  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Welcome! If you are looking for a space to address a variety of concerns, and also want to better understand your patterns of thinking, emotions, and behaviors; I hope you consider working with me! My goals are to have a collaborative therapeutic relationship where you feel heard, validated, and at the same time also challenged to consider alternative ways of approaching the issues that are bringing you into therapy. I have been trained as a clinical psychologist, focusing on treating adults with a wide variety of mood disorders and personality disorders. I am currently licensed to practice in California.
Welcome! If you are looking for a space to address a variety of concerns, and also want to better understand your patterns of thinking, emotions, and behaviors; I hope you consider working with me! My goals are to have a collaborative therapeutic relationship where you feel heard, validated, and at the same time also challenged to consider alternative ways of approaching the issues that are bringing you into therapy. I have been trained as a clinical psychologist, focusing on treating adults with a wide variety of mood disorders and personality disorders. I am currently licensed to practice in California.
(530) 628-9248 View (530) 628-9248
Photo of Charity Wabuke, Marriage & Family Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Charity Wabuke
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95814  (Online Only)
As a woman of color, I am passionate about breaking the mental health stigma and working with individuals who have experienced oppression, subtle or blatant discrimination, racism, or struggles with integrating into professional life as a minority. As a therapist, my goal is to provide a space for you to be authentically who you are, provide support during the hard times, ask tough questions when necessary, and work with you to find practical solutions to your challenges. My goal is for clients to feel seen, safe, and heard in our work together.
As a woman of color, I am passionate about breaking the mental health stigma and working with individuals who have experienced oppression, subtle or blatant discrimination, racism, or struggles with integrating into professional life as a minority. As a therapist, my goal is to provide a space for you to be authentically who you are, provide support during the hard times, ask tough questions when necessary, and work with you to find practical solutions to your challenges. My goal is for clients to feel seen, safe, and heard in our work together.
(310) 818-7764 View (310) 818-7764
Photo of Aaron Ferris Logan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Aaron Ferris Logan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95834
My focus is on strength based solution focused therapy. In your, first session, w'll explore what brought you to therapy and afterwords decide the appropriate course to address our direction. As a social worker my focus will be problem solving and reality testing.
My focus is on strength based solution focused therapy. In your, first session, w'll explore what brought you to therapy and afterwords decide the appropriate course to address our direction. As a social worker my focus will be problem solving and reality testing.
(530) 212-7475 View (530) 212-7475
Photo of Dennis Patton, Marriage & Family Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Dennis Patton
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Sacramento, CA 95814  (Online Only)
I am a down-to-earth person. I provide unconditional positive regard and validate how downright difficult life can be. My clinical skills are based on compassion, autonomy, acceptance, and validation. I also share clinical research and science-based psychoeducation in an understandable way to guide clients in increasing their mental well-being quickly. I teach tangible skills from a proven method and guide clients into understanding their emotions in relationship to their thoughts and behaviors and to feel back in control again. I build trust and rapport and am just a real person passionate about helping people manage uncertainty.
I am a down-to-earth person. I provide unconditional positive regard and validate how downright difficult life can be. My clinical skills are based on compassion, autonomy, acceptance, and validation. I also share clinical research and science-based psychoeducation in an understandable way to guide clients in increasing their mental well-being quickly. I teach tangible skills from a proven method and guide clients into understanding their emotions in relationship to their thoughts and behaviors and to feel back in control again. I build trust and rapport and am just a real person passionate about helping people manage uncertainty.
(424) 347-8926 View (424) 347-8926
Photo of Dorian Cox, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Sacramento, CA
Dorian Cox
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95825
I am passionate about working with people who are feeling lost within themselves. Navigating through life’s challenges can be increasingly difficult when you feel a loss of connection to who you are at your core. Emotions can be confusing, leaving people feeling helpless, stuck, and alone. I am determined to collaborate and help guide you through understanding the beauty of being a complex person with the ability to feel in control and powerful in the face of adversity.
I am passionate about working with people who are feeling lost within themselves. Navigating through life’s challenges can be increasingly difficult when you feel a loss of connection to who you are at your core. Emotions can be confusing, leaving people feeling helpless, stuck, and alone. I am determined to collaborate and help guide you through understanding the beauty of being a complex person with the ability to feel in control and powerful in the face of adversity.
(916) 823-8588 View (916) 823-8588
Photo of Veronica Kennedy, Marriage & Family Therapist in Sacramento, CA
Veronica Kennedy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, EMT-P
Verified
1 Endorsed
Sacramento, CA 95819
**ONLY ACCEPTING FIRST RESPONDER CLIENTS** You must be tired of feeling anxious and/or depressed. You are ready to make changes to have the life you deserve. You are ready to find your voice by learning techniques and tools to feel safe. You are ready to put in the work to help release the anxiety, depression, and heaviness of life. YOU ARE READY TO BE THE BEST VERSION OF YOURSELF!
**ONLY ACCEPTING FIRST RESPONDER CLIENTS** You must be tired of feeling anxious and/or depressed. You are ready to make changes to have the life you deserve. You are ready to find your voice by learning techniques and tools to feel safe. You are ready to put in the work to help release the anxiety, depression, and heaviness of life. YOU ARE READY TO BE THE BEST VERSION OF YOURSELF!
(951) 355-2605 View (951) 355-2605

See more therapy options for Sacramento

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Sacramento, CA

1,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Sacramento, CA who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
74% Relationship Issues
72% Self Esteem
69% Trauma and PTSD
69% Coping Skills
67% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

65% Aetna
61% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
61% Optum

How Therapists in Sacramento, CA see their clients

69% In Person and Online
31% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Sacramento?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.