Therapists in Redwood City, CA

Photo of Ashley Azra Tucic, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Redwood City, CA
Ashley Azra Tucic
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94061
I work with teens, adults, families, and couples at Ellie Mental Health. I am committed to empowering my clients, especially teens facing various challenges, and approach treatment with compassion and understanding. I have worked with individuals diagnosed with Autism, anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, medication compliance challenges, and chronic medical health conditions. To facilitate a seamless continuum of care, I collaborate closely with external providers and parents when working with minors.
I work with teens, adults, families, and couples at Ellie Mental Health. I am committed to empowering my clients, especially teens facing various challenges, and approach treatment with compassion and understanding. I have worked with individuals diagnosed with Autism, anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, medication compliance challenges, and chronic medical health conditions. To facilitate a seamless continuum of care, I collaborate closely with external providers and parents when working with minors.
(650) 414-4305 View (650) 414-4305
Photo of Vanessa Krause, Marriage & Family Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Vanessa Krause
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94063
Our world can be pretty hectic, especially here in the Bay Area. We all experience stress from external and internal pressures and obstacles. Life can feel overwhelming which leads our body and mind to shut down and/or lash out in various ways. We feel stuck because we are drowning in intense emotions and stressful events and we don’t know how to get to the surface and catch a breath. As a result we miss out on the joys of life as we cannot fully experience happiness with the weight of everything we need to get done or everything we need to do to meet everyone’s (even our own) expectations.
Our world can be pretty hectic, especially here in the Bay Area. We all experience stress from external and internal pressures and obstacles. Life can feel overwhelming which leads our body and mind to shut down and/or lash out in various ways. We feel stuck because we are drowning in intense emotions and stressful events and we don’t know how to get to the surface and catch a breath. As a result we miss out on the joys of life as we cannot fully experience happiness with the weight of everything we need to get done or everything we need to do to meet everyone’s (even our own) expectations.
(408) 404-5973 View (408) 404-5973
Photo of Scott Granet, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Scott Granet
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Redwood City, CA 94063
There's no question that psychotherapy is hard work for both the client and the therapist. I specialize in the treatment of the obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders(i.e., OCD, body dysmorphic disorder, trichotillomania, compulsive skin picking plus others), and know how challenging and frustrating the therapy can be at times. I work with my clients to develop an individualized treatment plan, designed to tackle each person's unique symptoms and needs. While these disorders are generally chronic in nature, the goal of more effectively managing the symptoms so someone can live a productive life is both reasonable and attainable.
There's no question that psychotherapy is hard work for both the client and the therapist. I specialize in the treatment of the obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders(i.e., OCD, body dysmorphic disorder, trichotillomania, compulsive skin picking plus others), and know how challenging and frustrating the therapy can be at times. I work with my clients to develop an individualized treatment plan, designed to tackle each person's unique symptoms and needs. While these disorders are generally chronic in nature, the goal of more effectively managing the symptoms so someone can live a productive life is both reasonable and attainable.
(650) 209-7530 View (650) 209-7530
Photo of Lisa Marie Hills, Marriage & Family Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Lisa Marie Hills
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94063
Are you having trouble concentrating? Is falling asleep and/or staying asleep becoming more difficult? Are you worrying a lot more than usual? Do you have ruminating thoughts that aren't helpful and just won't go away? You might be suffering from acute traumatic distress or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) from a traumatic experience recent or many years ago. This could include being a victim of or witness to a natural disaster, chronic verbal, sexual, physical or emotional abuse, an accident, or a major life transition that was upsetting.
Are you having trouble concentrating? Is falling asleep and/or staying asleep becoming more difficult? Are you worrying a lot more than usual? Do you have ruminating thoughts that aren't helpful and just won't go away? You might be suffering from acute traumatic distress or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) from a traumatic experience recent or many years ago. This could include being a victim of or witness to a natural disaster, chronic verbal, sexual, physical or emotional abuse, an accident, or a major life transition that was upsetting.
(650) 881-4616 View (650) 881-4616
Photo of Michael Sally, Marriage & Family Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Michael Sally
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94061
Hello, and thank you for checking out my profile page. I applaud you for deciding to enter therapy. It has never been a better time than now. I know that you have a lot of options and choices in selecting a provider, and I am grateful to be one who you are considering to work with. When you make the decision to find someone to talk with, it is so important that you find the right person that feels best for you. I believe in making this process work for you. Should you decide to work with me, I operate from the premise that we are working together, and that you know yourself best and what will work for you.
Hello, and thank you for checking out my profile page. I applaud you for deciding to enter therapy. It has never been a better time than now. I know that you have a lot of options and choices in selecting a provider, and I am grateful to be one who you are considering to work with. When you make the decision to find someone to talk with, it is so important that you find the right person that feels best for you. I believe in making this process work for you. Should you decide to work with me, I operate from the premise that we are working together, and that you know yourself best and what will work for you.
(650) 209-7647 View (650) 209-7647
Photo of Marilyn J Foley, Psychologist in Redwood City, CA
Marilyn J Foley
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94063  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
My primary theoretical orientation is Cognitive-Behavioral (CBT). This means that I attend to your thoughts and feelings and to how they influence emotion and overall well-being, now and in the future. CBT offers a number of strategies for promoting change in the direction of one's long term goals. For our treatment to be most effective, you will need to be an active participant and collaborator in establishing your goals. I also ask that you work on treatment in between sessions, and I frequently give homework assignments to assist in the process.
My primary theoretical orientation is Cognitive-Behavioral (CBT). This means that I attend to your thoughts and feelings and to how they influence emotion and overall well-being, now and in the future. CBT offers a number of strategies for promoting change in the direction of one's long term goals. For our treatment to be most effective, you will need to be an active participant and collaborator in establishing your goals. I also ask that you work on treatment in between sessions, and I frequently give homework assignments to assist in the process.
(650) 206-5488 View (650) 206-5488
Photo of Colleen D. Cunningham, Marriage & Family Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Colleen D. Cunningham
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94063
I appreciate working with people who for whatever reason feel change tugging on them. Sometimes this "tug" may manifest as a crisis in one's life. I believe that some of the most profound changes are initiated through what are experienced as a crisis.
I appreciate working with people who for whatever reason feel change tugging on them. Sometimes this "tug" may manifest as a crisis in one's life. I believe that some of the most profound changes are initiated through what are experienced as a crisis.
(650) 542-7093 View (650) 542-7093
Photo of Janice E Cheng, Psychologist in Redwood City, CA
Janice E Cheng
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94064  (Online Only)
Want to work on some difficult issues? Depressed, anxious, angry, uncertain or confused? Are there perhaps relationship issues? I provide a warm, caring and safe environment to work on your problems and I have an eclectic approach to psychotherapy. Together we can strive to achieve healing, stability, growth and happiness.
Want to work on some difficult issues? Depressed, anxious, angry, uncertain or confused? Are there perhaps relationship issues? I provide a warm, caring and safe environment to work on your problems and I have an eclectic approach to psychotherapy. Together we can strive to achieve healing, stability, growth and happiness.
(415) 963-3548 View (415) 963-3548
Photo of Terry P. Rittgers, Marriage & Family Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Terry P. Rittgers
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94062
Greetings...I have been a licensed therapist since 1987 and specialize in working with men, women and couples. I have been facilitating men's groups since the early 90's in my Redwood City office. My work is grounded in my deep understanding of the human experience and how we want to better understand ourselves and each other. Many of us lack some of the skills to accomplish this. I see myself as an experienced, wise and compassionate guide helping others navigate and master emotional challenges. Let me join you for a time on your life's journey.
Greetings...I have been a licensed therapist since 1987 and specialize in working with men, women and couples. I have been facilitating men's groups since the early 90's in my Redwood City office. My work is grounded in my deep understanding of the human experience and how we want to better understand ourselves and each other. Many of us lack some of the skills to accomplish this. I see myself as an experienced, wise and compassionate guide helping others navigate and master emotional challenges. Let me join you for a time on your life's journey.
(650) 924-9382 x123 View (650) 924-9382 x123
Photo of Jacquelyn Gonzalez, Marriage & Family Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Jacquelyn Gonzalez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94063  (Online Only)
Jackie has been practicing since 2019 and has focused her work on attachment, trauma-informed care, and identity. Jackie has experience working with the Latinx, LGBTQIA+ communities and mainly works with adults and has experience with children and adolescents. Additionally, Jackie has been trained and is certified in writing psychosocial evaluations for immigration purposes and is focused on Hardship Waivers, Asylum, T-Visa, U-Visa, and VAWA. Jackie’s work has been primarily focused on building the connection with the client and meeting the client where they are.
Jackie has been practicing since 2019 and has focused her work on attachment, trauma-informed care, and identity. Jackie has experience working with the Latinx, LGBTQIA+ communities and mainly works with adults and has experience with children and adolescents. Additionally, Jackie has been trained and is certified in writing psychosocial evaluations for immigration purposes and is focused on Hardship Waivers, Asylum, T-Visa, U-Visa, and VAWA. Jackie’s work has been primarily focused on building the connection with the client and meeting the client where they are.
(650) 582-1398 View (650) 582-1398
Photo of Christina Lansdown, Marriage & Family Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Christina Lansdown
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Redwood City, CA 94063
Thank you for viewing my page! Therapy with me is relational, dynamic, reflective and responsive. You can expect to be challenged, in a warm and supportive environment. Curiosity about relationships and how family history gets carried forward into the present guides my work with children & adults of all ages. I've worked with clients aged 0-101 with an emphasis on connection, authenticity, and mindful self-awareness to overcome a variety of conditions, including low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, trauma, grief, phase-of-life and relationship problems. As a Somatic psychotherapist, I also utilize body-based techniques like mindfulness & movement.
Thank you for viewing my page! Therapy with me is relational, dynamic, reflective and responsive. You can expect to be challenged, in a warm and supportive environment. Curiosity about relationships and how family history gets carried forward into the present guides my work with children & adults of all ages. I've worked with clients aged 0-101 with an emphasis on connection, authenticity, and mindful self-awareness to overcome a variety of conditions, including low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, trauma, grief, phase-of-life and relationship problems. As a Somatic psychotherapist, I also utilize body-based techniques like mindfulness & movement.
(650) 900-8606 View (650) 900-8606
Photo of Stephen Osborn, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Stephen Osborn
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94061  (Online Only)
My mission is to create a safe and empathetic space where clients can explore and navigate their unique life journey. I believe in collaborative and client centered approaches, tailoring my therapeutic interventions to meet the unique needs of each individual. Utilizing evidence-based practices, I worked together with clients to explore, understand, and develop effective coping strategies to their challenges.
My mission is to create a safe and empathetic space where clients can explore and navigate their unique life journey. I believe in collaborative and client centered approaches, tailoring my therapeutic interventions to meet the unique needs of each individual. Utilizing evidence-based practices, I worked together with clients to explore, understand, and develop effective coping strategies to their challenges.
(650) 753-7095 View (650) 753-7095
Photo of Kerrie Pieloch, Psychologist in Redwood City, CA
Kerrie Pieloch
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Redwood City, CA 94063
Waitlist for new clients
As a psychologist with over nine years of experience working with youth and families, it is my goal to help children, teens, and parents through challenging times in their lives and to help them navigate the mental health system. Children and teenagers who have anxiety, depression, emotional dysregulation, or behavioral outbursts often feel alone in their struggles and this can be very overwhelming for parents and families. I specialize in working with children, teens, and young adults with anxiety, OCD, mood disorders, emotion dysregulation, relationship difficulties, and trauma. I also provide parent guidance therapy and coaching.
As a psychologist with over nine years of experience working with youth and families, it is my goal to help children, teens, and parents through challenging times in their lives and to help them navigate the mental health system. Children and teenagers who have anxiety, depression, emotional dysregulation, or behavioral outbursts often feel alone in their struggles and this can be very overwhelming for parents and families. I specialize in working with children, teens, and young adults with anxiety, OCD, mood disorders, emotion dysregulation, relationship difficulties, and trauma. I also provide parent guidance therapy and coaching.
(650) 538-2306 View (650) 538-2306
Photo of Dario Sarmienta, Marriage & Family Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Dario Sarmienta
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Redwood City, CA 94064  (Online Only)
Do you feel overwhelmed by life's challenges? You do not have to navigate these struggles alone. I'm Dario Sarmienta, a bilingual Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist committed to working with individuals like you. Having walked with individuals from diverse backgrounds for over three years, I understand how life's challenges can become a struggle, and I'm here to help you navigate them. Your experience of grief is unique and can be unexplainably hard. I value your journey and offer a compassionate safe space to explore your feelings of pain and uncertainty, guiding you towards healing and finding new sources of strength.
Do you feel overwhelmed by life's challenges? You do not have to navigate these struggles alone. I'm Dario Sarmienta, a bilingual Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist committed to working with individuals like you. Having walked with individuals from diverse backgrounds for over three years, I understand how life's challenges can become a struggle, and I'm here to help you navigate them. Your experience of grief is unique and can be unexplainably hard. I value your journey and offer a compassionate safe space to explore your feelings of pain and uncertainty, guiding you towards healing and finding new sources of strength.
(650) 719-7696 View (650) 719-7696
Photo of Ana Maria Huibers, Marriage & Family Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Ana Maria Huibers
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94063
Welcome, I'm glad you are here. It is not easy to seek therapy for yourself or your child. I am here to provide support and guidance with the challenges you are facing at this time. I have over 20 years experience working with children, teens and parents who are struggling with challenges including depression, anxiety, trauma, sexual and physical abuse. I offer parent coaching to help parents improve their relationships with their children. I also provide therapy with Latinx people including first generation and bicultural individuals who need support in navigating multiple social and cultural identities.
Welcome, I'm glad you are here. It is not easy to seek therapy for yourself or your child. I am here to provide support and guidance with the challenges you are facing at this time. I have over 20 years experience working with children, teens and parents who are struggling with challenges including depression, anxiety, trauma, sexual and physical abuse. I offer parent coaching to help parents improve their relationships with their children. I also provide therapy with Latinx people including first generation and bicultural individuals who need support in navigating multiple social and cultural identities.
(650) 379-0109 View (650) 379-0109
Photo of Pembe Ethem, Psychologist in Redwood City, CA
Pembe Ethem
Psychologist, MA, PsyD
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94063
You experience this world with your own unique set of problems, perspectives, and ways of coping. Not everyone might understand how hard it can be to move through life with added challenges that result from anxiety, depression, or difficult life circumstances. My passion is to help you re-learn how to experience the beauty of life. My approach is to help you find ways of reaching your goals through careful rewiring of your cognitive structures, while embracing your wisdom and life experiences. Therapy can sometimes feel painful or uncomfortable, but I intend to guide you through it with unconditional warmth and support.
You experience this world with your own unique set of problems, perspectives, and ways of coping. Not everyone might understand how hard it can be to move through life with added challenges that result from anxiety, depression, or difficult life circumstances. My passion is to help you re-learn how to experience the beauty of life. My approach is to help you find ways of reaching your goals through careful rewiring of your cognitive structures, while embracing your wisdom and life experiences. Therapy can sometimes feel painful or uncomfortable, but I intend to guide you through it with unconditional warmth and support.
(650) 977-3162 View (650) 977-3162
Photo of Pedro Adrian Cortez-McLaughlin, Marriage & Family Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Pedro Adrian Cortez-McLaughlin
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94063
My ideal client is someone who's interested in addressing and working on whatever their struggling with directly and openly. Perhaps you are no longer enjoying things you used to, or experiencing nervousness or tension in your work. Maybe you're worried all the time or you only have negative thoughts. My ideal client could be anyone, younger or older and ideally in California as I can only work in this state.
My ideal client is someone who's interested in addressing and working on whatever their struggling with directly and openly. Perhaps you are no longer enjoying things you used to, or experiencing nervousness or tension in your work. Maybe you're worried all the time or you only have negative thoughts. My ideal client could be anyone, younger or older and ideally in California as I can only work in this state.
(650) 405-3575 View (650) 405-3575
Photo of Molika Loshi, Psychologist in Redwood City, CA
Molika Loshi
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Redwood City, CA 94063
Are you longing for deeper connections, authenticity, and fulfillment in your relationships? I specialize in guiding individuals like you towards meaningful connections and authentic living. If you find yourself struggling with feelings of disconnection, difficulty forming genuine relationships, or a desire to live more authentically, you're not alone. I'm dedicated to helping clients navigate the intricacies of human connection and cultivate authenticity in their interactions. Whether you're facing relationship challenges, grappling with communication issues, or simply seeking personal growth, I offer a safe, supportive space.
Are you longing for deeper connections, authenticity, and fulfillment in your relationships? I specialize in guiding individuals like you towards meaningful connections and authentic living. If you find yourself struggling with feelings of disconnection, difficulty forming genuine relationships, or a desire to live more authentically, you're not alone. I'm dedicated to helping clients navigate the intricacies of human connection and cultivate authenticity in their interactions. Whether you're facing relationship challenges, grappling with communication issues, or simply seeking personal growth, I offer a safe, supportive space.
(510) 930-3038 View (510) 930-3038
Photo of Betti S. Magoolaghan, Marriage & Family Therapist in Redwood City, CA
Betti S. Magoolaghan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MBA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94063
Sometimes you can sail through your life issues just fine without any professional therapy help. Other times, therapy can help you navigate difficult times, which are inevitable given that life is sometimes unpredictable, odd, and even painful. Therapy can help smooth the bumps in the relationships that you have: both within your own self and with others.
Sometimes you can sail through your life issues just fine without any professional therapy help. Other times, therapy can help you navigate difficult times, which are inevitable given that life is sometimes unpredictable, odd, and even painful. Therapy can help smooth the bumps in the relationships that you have: both within your own self and with others.
(650) 719-5945 View (650) 719-5945
Tami Schmalz
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Redwood City, CA 94063
Most clients come in with unhealthy ways of coping with life. My goal is to get a better understanding of their needs and to help them accomplish their goals. A lot of clients have emotional dysregulation and once they learn healthier ways of coping, their life gets better. It can be a long road, however, learning these skills are life long skills that can enhance their life.
Most clients come in with unhealthy ways of coping with life. My goal is to get a better understanding of their needs and to help them accomplish their goals. A lot of clients have emotional dysregulation and once they learn healthier ways of coping, their life gets better. It can be a long road, however, learning these skills are life long skills that can enhance their life.
(650) 977-3237 View (650) 977-3237

See more therapy options for Redwood City

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Redwood City, CA

300+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in Redwood City, CA who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
88% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
72% Stress
71% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
66% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

58% Cigna and Evernorth
56% Aetna
47% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Redwood City, CA see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Redwood City?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.