Therapists in Rancho Cucamonga, CA

Photo of Jasmine McNamer, BS, MSW Int, Pre-Licensed Professional
Jasmine McNamer
Pre-Licensed Professional, BS, MSW Int
Verified Verified
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730  (Online Only)
Hello and Welcome! We specialize in providing affordable telehealth/online therapy. I have worked with a wide range of individuals from all walks of life, but I specialize in working with individuals with disorders and disabilities such as PTSD, anxiety, depression, grief, and the autism spectrum, to name a few. I like to use evidence-based, person-centered, and cognitive approaches in therapy.
Hello and Welcome! We specialize in providing affordable telehealth/online therapy. I have worked with a wide range of individuals from all walks of life, but I specialize in working with individuals with disorders and disabilities such as PTSD, anxiety, depression, grief, and the autism spectrum, to name a few. I like to use evidence-based, person-centered, and cognitive approaches in therapy.
(951) 292-7700 View (951) 292-7700
Photo of Jennelle Johnson, BS, MAG, MSW, Pre-Licensed Professional
Jennelle Johnson
Pre-Licensed Professional, BS, MAG, MSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Hello and Welcome! We specialize in providing affordable telehealth/online therapy. Therapy is about understanding the self that you are. Part of getting to know yourself is to let go of the limiting stories that you have told yourself about who you are and where you have come from so that you aren’t trapped by them; so that you can live your life and not live it by the story you’ve been telling yourself about your life.
Hello and Welcome! We specialize in providing affordable telehealth/online therapy. Therapy is about understanding the self that you are. Part of getting to know yourself is to let go of the limiting stories that you have told yourself about who you are and where you have come from so that you aren’t trapped by them; so that you can live your life and not live it by the story you’ve been telling yourself about your life.
(951) 401-6251 View (951) 401-6251
Photo of Chermayne Moore, BS,  , AMFT, MFT, Pre-Licensed Professional
Chermayne Moore
Pre-Licensed Professional, BS, , AMFT, MFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730  (Online Only)
Hello and welcome! Our center provides affordable telehealth therapy. I believe as humans we desire to connect and align with our true selves and I am committed to providing a space where folks can be who they are, explore their identity, and work through difficult emotions and life experiences. Life can bring on unexpected challenges and worries that make it difficult for us to be the best versions of ourselves. I believe you are not defined by your past experiences or childhood traumas, but rather by how you choose to heal and forge your own path.
Hello and welcome! Our center provides affordable telehealth therapy. I believe as humans we desire to connect and align with our true selves and I am committed to providing a space where folks can be who they are, explore their identity, and work through difficult emotions and life experiences. Life can bring on unexpected challenges and worries that make it difficult for us to be the best versions of ourselves. I believe you are not defined by your past experiences or childhood traumas, but rather by how you choose to heal and forge your own path.
(951) 458-5765 View (951) 458-5765
Photo of Denise Dugan - Denise TheWhysCounselor, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Denise TheWhysCounselor
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730
Hello my name is Denise TheWhysCounselor, I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT). My approach to therapy is to help you learn how to develop a healthy relationship with yourself, and implement supportive strategies when navigating difficult situations or complex emotions.  I provide psychotherapy services to individuals and couples ready for a change. I am here to be a safe space to clients of all genders, races, ethnicities, and sexual orientations. Therapy with me is a collaborative process. We work together towards the goal of finding solutions to the anxiety and stresses that make everyday functioning challenging.
Hello my name is Denise TheWhysCounselor, I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT). My approach to therapy is to help you learn how to develop a healthy relationship with yourself, and implement supportive strategies when navigating difficult situations or complex emotions.  I provide psychotherapy services to individuals and couples ready for a change. I am here to be a safe space to clients of all genders, races, ethnicities, and sexual orientations. Therapy with me is a collaborative process. We work together towards the goal of finding solutions to the anxiety and stresses that make everyday functioning challenging.
(909) 639-3401 View (909) 639-3401
Photo of Kathleen Porter, BA, MSW, ASW, Pre-Licensed Professional
Kathleen Porter
Pre-Licensed Professional, BA, MSW, ASW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730
Hello and Welcome! We specialize in providing affordable telehealth/online therapy. My hope is that you find a therapist that you will connect with and begin your journey of healing. My approach includes a combination of Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavioral, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy, and Strengths Based interventions. Each of these strategies can provide us with coping tools in daily living. My hope is to have the client leave our session feeling a bit better about themselves and those around them!
Hello and Welcome! We specialize in providing affordable telehealth/online therapy. My hope is that you find a therapist that you will connect with and begin your journey of healing. My approach includes a combination of Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavioral, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy, and Strengths Based interventions. Each of these strategies can provide us with coping tools in daily living. My hope is to have the client leave our session feeling a bit better about themselves and those around them!
(951) 221-9195 View (951) 221-9195
Photo of Elizabeth Stanton, LCP, Psychologist
Elizabeth Stanton
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730
As a biracial, African American female psychologist who identifies with the world community, I provide comprehensive mental health services to individuals, couples, and families. I believe that mental maintenance is an essential component to life success. Using a client-centered approach, I strive to provide an environment that perpetuates authenticity, presence, and growth. One can expect a welcoming space, with options for evening and weekend appointments.
As a biracial, African American female psychologist who identifies with the world community, I provide comprehensive mental health services to individuals, couples, and families. I believe that mental maintenance is an essential component to life success. Using a client-centered approach, I strive to provide an environment that perpetuates authenticity, presence, and growth. One can expect a welcoming space, with options for evening and weekend appointments.
(951) 330-7731 View (951) 330-7731
Photo of Angela Alvarado, LMFT , MS, Marriage & Family Therapist
Angela Alvarado
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT , MS
Verified Verified
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91739  (Online Only)
Accepting new Clients - Angela is the owner and licensed therapist for Alvarado Counseling Services. Angela has a passion for teaching effective communication, healthy boundaries, and emotional regulation. Her calling in life is to help with the transformation of individuals and families using her education/clinical training and life experiences to enrich the client’s therapeutic experience.
Accepting new Clients - Angela is the owner and licensed therapist for Alvarado Counseling Services. Angela has a passion for teaching effective communication, healthy boundaries, and emotional regulation. Her calling in life is to help with the transformation of individuals and families using her education/clinical training and life experiences to enrich the client’s therapeutic experience.
(909) 403-7646 View (909) 403-7646
Photo of Carolyn Williams, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Carolyn Williams
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730
I'm a California licensed (LCSW), nationally certified TF-CBT therapist. I work with children, adolescent and adults with significant trauma histories. I've been practicing psychotherapy for 20 years with people experiencing depression, anxiety, grief and loss. My practice is an individualized combination of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy and Client-Centered Therapy. I have flexible hours that include evenings and Saturdays. Please feel free to give me a call or send me an email if you have additional questions about my practice, or would like to schedule an appointment.
I'm a California licensed (LCSW), nationally certified TF-CBT therapist. I work with children, adolescent and adults with significant trauma histories. I've been practicing psychotherapy for 20 years with people experiencing depression, anxiety, grief and loss. My practice is an individualized combination of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy and Client-Centered Therapy. I have flexible hours that include evenings and Saturdays. Please feel free to give me a call or send me an email if you have additional questions about my practice, or would like to schedule an appointment.
(909) 675-1323 View (909) 675-1323
Photo of Tarron Riley, LCSW, CAS, CART, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Tarron Riley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CAS, CART
Verified Verified
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730  (Online Only)
Here at Erion Behavioral Health, we are committed to providing quality counseling and consultation services with emphasis on compassion and personal and relational growth. My practice specializes in enhancing individual functioning and relationships by improving communication, anger management, and emotional intelligence. We provide services to individuals, couples, families, and organizations/businesses.
Here at Erion Behavioral Health, we are committed to providing quality counseling and consultation services with emphasis on compassion and personal and relational growth. My practice specializes in enhancing individual functioning and relationships by improving communication, anger management, and emotional intelligence. We provide services to individuals, couples, families, and organizations/businesses.
(760) 493-4208 View (760) 493-4208
Photo of Porsche Monic Terry - Porsche Cares Therapeutic Health Services, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Porsche Cares Therapeutic Health Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91701
I am a licensed clinical social worker with specialized experience working with at risk youth and adults. As a bilingual provider who speaks Spanish, I have the capabilities of bridging the generational gaps between youth and 1st generation parents. I am well rounded, hold a high level of cultural competency and understand the unique struggles of immigration, victims of crime, racism, discrimination, systemic barriers, lack of resources, and the impact of economic hardships on mental health functioning. I enjoy working with people from all walks of life, joining with my clients to help them achieve their goals.
I am a licensed clinical social worker with specialized experience working with at risk youth and adults. As a bilingual provider who speaks Spanish, I have the capabilities of bridging the generational gaps between youth and 1st generation parents. I am well rounded, hold a high level of cultural competency and understand the unique struggles of immigration, victims of crime, racism, discrimination, systemic barriers, lack of resources, and the impact of economic hardships on mental health functioning. I enjoy working with people from all walks of life, joining with my clients to help them achieve their goals.
(909) 442-0622 View (909) 442-0622
Photo of William Roozeboom, PhD, MDiv, MA, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
William Roozeboom
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, PhD, MDiv, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730
Welcome to a safe haven for individuals and couples seeking to improve their lives and enrich their relationships. I combine an academic and clinical approach to help individuals and couples like you meet their goals for therapy and build strong connections and navigate life’s complexities. With extensive experience working with a diverse range of individual and couples therapy modalities, I’ve witnessed the transformative power of a healing relationship.
Welcome to a safe haven for individuals and couples seeking to improve their lives and enrich their relationships. I combine an academic and clinical approach to help individuals and couples like you meet their goals for therapy and build strong connections and navigate life’s complexities. With extensive experience working with a diverse range of individual and couples therapy modalities, I’ve witnessed the transformative power of a healing relationship.
(909) 415-5794 View (909) 415-5794
Photo of Chris Caston, MSW, PPSC, ACSW
Chris Caston
Associate Clinical Social Worker, MSW, PPSC, ACSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730  (Online Only)
Hello and Welcome! Our agency offers affordable, low-cost, telehealth therapy. I have a passion for working with adolescents, adults, and families. In my practice, I cultivate an atmosphere of intuition, compassion, support, and nonjudgmental understanding. As an Associate Clinical Therapist with extensive experience, my commitment lies in aiding individuals in navigating life's challenges.
Hello and Welcome! Our agency offers affordable, low-cost, telehealth therapy. I have a passion for working with adolescents, adults, and families. In my practice, I cultivate an atmosphere of intuition, compassion, support, and nonjudgmental understanding. As an Associate Clinical Therapist with extensive experience, my commitment lies in aiding individuals in navigating life's challenges.
(951) 498-5247 View (951) 498-5247
Photo of John Pellitteri, PsyD, MSCP, ABPP, Psychologist
John Pellitteri
Psychologist, PsyD, MSCP, ABPP
Verified Verified
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730
I am interested in working with clients who are ready to make a change - moving toward a more centered existence, with better relationships and more fulfillment in life. I use mindfulness-based cognitive behavioral therapy to assist in developing skills to reduce anxiety and depression. If you are looking for a seasoned, experienced therapist, I'd like to talk to you!
I am interested in working with clients who are ready to make a change - moving toward a more centered existence, with better relationships and more fulfillment in life. I use mindfulness-based cognitive behavioral therapy to assist in developing skills to reduce anxiety and depression. If you are looking for a seasoned, experienced therapist, I'd like to talk to you!
(951) 724-4961 View (951) 724-4961
Photo of Josephine Quintero, AMFT, APCC, CPT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Josephine Quintero
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT, APCC, CPT
Verified Verified
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730  (Online Only)
Are anxiety, depression, or trauma affecting your well-being? Let’s break free together. As a therapist who has personally overcome these challenges, I understand the journey intimately and I have compassion for others who are experiencing it. My specialization lies in empowering positive change. Whether you’re struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, or self-confidence issues, I’m here to guide you toward resilience and growth.
Are anxiety, depression, or trauma affecting your well-being? Let’s break free together. As a therapist who has personally overcome these challenges, I understand the journey intimately and I have compassion for others who are experiencing it. My specialization lies in empowering positive change. Whether you’re struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, or self-confidence issues, I’m here to guide you toward resilience and growth.
(951) 612-2454 View (951) 612-2454
Photo of Kimberly Telphy, MS, PPSC, APCC
Kimberly Telphy
Associate Professional Clinical Counselor, MS, PPSC, APCC
Verified Verified
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730  (Online Only)
Hello and Welcome! Our agency offers affordable, low-cost, telehealth therapy. I have a passion for working with adolescents, adults, and families. I have worked with individuals from all ethnicities and backgrounds. My specialty is working with individuals who have experienced trauma, depression, anxiety, grief and loss, self-harm, self-esteem, ADHD behavioral, and development challenges.
Hello and Welcome! Our agency offers affordable, low-cost, telehealth therapy. I have a passion for working with adolescents, adults, and families. I have worked with individuals from all ethnicities and backgrounds. My specialty is working with individuals who have experienced trauma, depression, anxiety, grief and loss, self-harm, self-esteem, ADHD behavioral, and development challenges.
(818) 600-7580 View (818) 600-7580
Photo of Nayeli Smith, BA,  MSW, ASW, Pre-Licensed Professional
Nayeli Smith
Pre-Licensed Professional, BA, MSW, ASW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730  (Online Only)
Hello and Welcome. Our agency offers affordable, low-cost, telehealth/online therapy services. Much can happen in life that we never saw coming and/or that never wanted for ourselves. But I am here because I believe that in spite of this, there is still a greater hope. As your counselor, I will collaborate with you in your journey to regain and nourish that hope as you seek healing, clarity, and change.
Hello and Welcome. Our agency offers affordable, low-cost, telehealth/online therapy services. Much can happen in life that we never saw coming and/or that never wanted for ourselves. But I am here because I believe that in spite of this, there is still a greater hope. As your counselor, I will collaborate with you in your journey to regain and nourish that hope as you seek healing, clarity, and change.
(951) 370-1948 View (951) 370-1948
Photo of Rebourne Wellness: Vicky Pichardo, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rebourne Wellness: Vicky Pichardo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730  (Online Only)
​​Hi! I am Vicky Pichardo. As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I have a Master of Social Work and a Master of Science in Criminal Justice. My Bachelor’s Degree in Sociology and Spanish. I am bilingual in Spanish and have experience facilitating change with individuals, families, couples and children. I am experienced in collaborating with clients to help build wellness/coping skills in managing life transitions, setting boundaries, understanding self, and overcoming burnout and stress. Through the therapeutic relationship, I integrate my expertise with clients’ needs to promote a holistic approach to well-being.
​​Hi! I am Vicky Pichardo. As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, I have a Master of Social Work and a Master of Science in Criminal Justice. My Bachelor’s Degree in Sociology and Spanish. I am bilingual in Spanish and have experience facilitating change with individuals, families, couples and children. I am experienced in collaborating with clients to help build wellness/coping skills in managing life transitions, setting boundaries, understanding self, and overcoming burnout and stress. Through the therapeutic relationship, I integrate my expertise with clients’ needs to promote a holistic approach to well-being.
(951) 223-9697 View (951) 223-9697
Photo of Dr. Jackie G Boboye, EdD, MA, AMFT, APCC, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Dr. Jackie G Boboye
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, EdD, MA, AMFT, APCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730  (Online Only)
Welcome! I am a very open, active listener, and sensitive to the needs of my clients. My therapeutic approach includes solution-focused and collaborative therapy. The emphasis is on my client; a client-centered approach by working together as partners in the therapeutic relationship that clients are able to engage in meaningful conversation about what they want to change. I focus on empowering individuals to overcome their problems by setting goals collaboratively and identifying resources to achieve those goals.
Welcome! I am a very open, active listener, and sensitive to the needs of my clients. My therapeutic approach includes solution-focused and collaborative therapy. The emphasis is on my client; a client-centered approach by working together as partners in the therapeutic relationship that clients are able to engage in meaningful conversation about what they want to change. I focus on empowering individuals to overcome their problems by setting goals collaboratively and identifying resources to achieve those goals.
(909) 328-8604 View (909) 328-8604
Photo of Jeffrey Ly | Porn Addiction | Relationships, LPHA, MA, AMFT
Jeffrey Ly | Porn Addiction | Relationships
LPHA, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730  (Online Only)
Pornography addiction can significantly impact your life and relationships but there is hope for recovery. I’m not just a mental health professional, I’ve been “you” for many years. I understand firsthand the personal struggles in your life and committed relationships that come with uncontrollable pornography use. The endless stream of attractive women a few clicks away on Pornhub, Onlyfan or Social Media is hard to quit even with all your willpower and promise to quit for the sake of your relationship.
Pornography addiction can significantly impact your life and relationships but there is hope for recovery. I’m not just a mental health professional, I’ve been “you” for many years. I understand firsthand the personal struggles in your life and committed relationships that come with uncontrollable pornography use. The endless stream of attractive women a few clicks away on Pornhub, Onlyfan or Social Media is hard to quit even with all your willpower and promise to quit for the sake of your relationship.
(909) 655-5285 View (909) 655-5285
Photo of Mindy Richard, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mindy Richard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91737  (Online Only)
Hi, my name is Mindy Richard and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the state of California. I have 22 years of experience working with individuals and families in medical and educational settings. I have 10 years of experience as a Licensed Therapist. My focus is working with individuals and couples that are struggling with emotional challenges such as Anxiety, Depression, PTSD, Mood Instability, End of life issues and emotional distress related to coping with illness and injury. My goal is to help each client learn tools to increase their quality of life and decrease emotional distress.
Hi, my name is Mindy Richard and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the state of California. I have 22 years of experience working with individuals and families in medical and educational settings. I have 10 years of experience as a Licensed Therapist. My focus is working with individuals and couples that are struggling with emotional challenges such as Anxiety, Depression, PTSD, Mood Instability, End of life issues and emotional distress related to coping with illness and injury. My goal is to help each client learn tools to increase their quality of life and decrease emotional distress.
(909) 413-4818 View (909) 413-4818
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Rancho Cucamonga, CA

500+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Rancho Cucamonga, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
88% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
73% Coping Skills
72% Trauma and PTSD
70% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% Aetna
70% Cigna and Evernorth
63% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Rancho Cucamonga, CA see their clients

61% In Person and Online
39% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
16% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Rancho Cucamonga?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.