Therapists in Oxnard, CA

Photo of Alexandra Sierra, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Oxnard, CA
Alexandra Sierra
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93033
I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor who has experience working with domestic violence survivors, the LGBTQ community, gender issues, addiction disorders, personality disorders, and grief counseling. I practice a solution focus, person-centered approach. In a judgement free space, I use a non-authoritative approach that allows clients to take more of a lead in discussions so that, in the process, they can discover their own solutions.
I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor who has experience working with domestic violence survivors, the LGBTQ community, gender issues, addiction disorders, personality disorders, and grief counseling. I practice a solution focus, person-centered approach. In a judgement free space, I use a non-authoritative approach that allows clients to take more of a lead in discussions so that, in the process, they can discover their own solutions.
(805) 515-4224 View (805) 515-4224
Photo of Julio Hernandez, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oxnard, CA
Julio Hernandez
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93033
Hello, my name is Julio Hernandez, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Los Angeles working with clients throughout California via telehealth. I work with all people from young adults to older adults and I specialize in trauma, depression, stress, and life changes using Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Rogerian Person-Centered Therapy to support my clients through their life challenges and help them feel better. I specialize in fostering meaningful connections with individuals from diverse backgrounds, spanning from young adults to seasoned individuals facing life's formidable challenges and transitions.
Hello, my name is Julio Hernandez, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Los Angeles working with clients throughout California via telehealth. I work with all people from young adults to older adults and I specialize in trauma, depression, stress, and life changes using Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Rogerian Person-Centered Therapy to support my clients through their life challenges and help them feel better. I specialize in fostering meaningful connections with individuals from diverse backgrounds, spanning from young adults to seasoned individuals facing life's formidable challenges and transitions.
(805) 669-3110 View (805) 669-3110
Photo of Adam Castillo, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oxnard, CA
Adam Castillo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93030
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with LA County Department of Mental Health and community-based organization experience. I am passionate about working with individuals and military members/veterans seeking adaptive skills to navigate life's transitions. I specialize in work stress; depression and anxiety; post-traumatic stress syndrome; domestic violence, physical, emotional, and sexual abuse; issues of acculturation and inter-generational conflict; relationship and men's health; aging, losses, and bereavement. I am experienced in cognitive intervention and mindfulness-based psychotherapy.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with LA County Department of Mental Health and community-based organization experience. I am passionate about working with individuals and military members/veterans seeking adaptive skills to navigate life's transitions. I specialize in work stress; depression and anxiety; post-traumatic stress syndrome; domestic violence, physical, emotional, and sexual abuse; issues of acculturation and inter-generational conflict; relationship and men's health; aging, losses, and bereavement. I am experienced in cognitive intervention and mindfulness-based psychotherapy.
(805) 387-9478 View (805) 387-9478
Photo of Kelleen Stainer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oxnard, CA
Kelleen Stainer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93030
Hello, I am Kelleen Stainer. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the state of California. I take a 'client-centered' approach to therapy and believe therapy is a partnership between the client and the therapist. I typically work with adult clients in need of additional support to cope with their current life challenges. I am most comfortable treating individuals with generalized anxiety disorder, depression, grief, self-esteem issues, chronic illness and relationship issues.
Hello, I am Kelleen Stainer. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the state of California. I take a 'client-centered' approach to therapy and believe therapy is a partnership between the client and the therapist. I typically work with adult clients in need of additional support to cope with their current life challenges. I am most comfortable treating individuals with generalized anxiety disorder, depression, grief, self-esteem issues, chronic illness and relationship issues.
(805) 317-7954 View (805) 317-7954
Luis Morales
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93030  (Online Only)
I have worked over 14 years in different number of settings which has helped, guide and support to children, teens, young adults and parents who have struggled with depression, anxiety, trauma, low self-esteem, life transitions, and other life obstacles which we can encounter in everyday life. Together, we will create obtainable goals, identify personal needs, identify ways to work through negative patterns that can continue to disrupt, relationships, work life and other important areas in life.
I have worked over 14 years in different number of settings which has helped, guide and support to children, teens, young adults and parents who have struggled with depression, anxiety, trauma, low self-esteem, life transitions, and other life obstacles which we can encounter in everyday life. Together, we will create obtainable goals, identify personal needs, identify ways to work through negative patterns that can continue to disrupt, relationships, work life and other important areas in life.
(805) 307-7313 View (805) 307-7313
Photo of Grenisha Holmes, LCSW A Journey with Holmes, LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oxnard, CA
Grenisha Holmes, LCSW A Journey with Holmes, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSSW, CCATP, CMIP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oxnard, CA 93036  (Online Only)
Greetings, my name is Grenisha Holmes, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker licensed in the beautiful state of California. My approach to therapy is derived from a holistic, multicultural, strength and relational based perspective, while providing a safe & confidential space for individuals to open up and begin the process toward healing.
Greetings, my name is Grenisha Holmes, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker licensed in the beautiful state of California. My approach to therapy is derived from a holistic, multicultural, strength and relational based perspective, while providing a safe & confidential space for individuals to open up and begin the process toward healing.
(805) 793-0914 View (805) 793-0914
Photo of Suzanne Pike in Oxnard, CA
Suzanne Pike
CP
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93030
Dr. Suzanne Graupner Pike is a licensed clinical psychologist and certified gambling counselor. She has been a Universapsychologist since 1981. Dr. Pike received her BA in psychology and sociology from the University Evansville, her MA in clinical psychology from Ball State University, and her Ph.D. in counseling psychology from Temple University. Her professional experience includes private practice and providing direct treatment services to out-patience mental health and addiction treatment programs.
Dr. Suzanne Graupner Pike is a licensed clinical psychologist and certified gambling counselor. She has been a Universapsychologist since 1981. Dr. Pike received her BA in psychology and sociology from the University Evansville, her MA in clinical psychology from Ball State University, and her Ph.D. in counseling psychology from Temple University. Her professional experience includes private practice and providing direct treatment services to out-patience mental health and addiction treatment programs.
(805) 902-4269 View (805) 902-4269
Photo of Jose Gomez, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oxnard, CA
Jose Gomez
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93033
Hello, I am Jose Xipe Gomez, a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I am here to join you on your recovery path to heal from what life challenges brings us. The hardest journey is the one you take from your head to your heart. The Healing Journey is found in the path leading back from your heart to your head. Your wellness is found in the continuous flow of honoring both your thoughts and feelings. I work with people from all walks of life, children, teenagers, adults, couples, and families. I am able to serve monolingual Spanish speaking people. I am comfortable in treating all human conditions including severe mental illness.
Hello, I am Jose Xipe Gomez, a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I am here to join you on your recovery path to heal from what life challenges brings us. The hardest journey is the one you take from your head to your heart. The Healing Journey is found in the path leading back from your heart to your head. Your wellness is found in the continuous flow of honoring both your thoughts and feelings. I work with people from all walks of life, children, teenagers, adults, couples, and families. I am able to serve monolingual Spanish speaking people. I am comfortable in treating all human conditions including severe mental illness.
(805) 572-6948 View (805) 572-6948
Photo of Janice Basch, Psychologist in Oxnard, CA
Janice Basch
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93030
Waitlist for new clients
I specialize in working with adults who have mood and/or anxiety issues, but I also see clients who are struggling with other issues, such as difficult relationships and school or work stress. I take a caring, person-centered approach and strive to create a warm, respectful environment, which I believe is important to fostering desired growth and change in clients.
I specialize in working with adults who have mood and/or anxiety issues, but I also see clients who are struggling with other issues, such as difficult relationships and school or work stress. I take a caring, person-centered approach and strive to create a warm, respectful environment, which I believe is important to fostering desired growth and change in clients.
(805) 246-7834 View (805) 246-7834
Photo of Robert Bancroft, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oxnard, CA
Robert Bancroft
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93033
My name is Robert Bancroft, but I usually go by Bob. I am a Licensed Marriage Family Therapist. Much of my experience has been with pre-adolescents, adolescents, and young adults. I find this experience helpful with all ages of clients and families, as these are very formative and significant times in most clients' lives. I have helped clients succeed and grow, facing every level of trauma possible. I practice Client-Centered and Trauma Informed individual psychotherapy. I use Structural Family Therapy with families and as a framework to help individuals understand their own family dynamics.
My name is Robert Bancroft, but I usually go by Bob. I am a Licensed Marriage Family Therapist. Much of my experience has been with pre-adolescents, adolescents, and young adults. I find this experience helpful with all ages of clients and families, as these are very formative and significant times in most clients' lives. I have helped clients succeed and grow, facing every level of trauma possible. I practice Client-Centered and Trauma Informed individual psychotherapy. I use Structural Family Therapy with families and as a framework to help individuals understand their own family dynamics.
(805) 301-6553 View (805) 301-6553
Photo of Jessica Moran, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oxnard, CA
Jessica Moran
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93030
Jessica A. Moran, LMFT for California. She has up to 10 yrs experience working with children, families, couples, and individuals. Her approach to treatment is individualized for each client's needs and areas of strength. Bilingual in Spanish and honored to be an LGBTQ+ ally. She looks forward to assisting her clients reach their goals in treatment. "Asking for help is being courageous." The types of clients I typically work with are children, teens, couples, females, and most individuals seeking to grow in their areas of concern.
Jessica A. Moran, LMFT for California. She has up to 10 yrs experience working with children, families, couples, and individuals. Her approach to treatment is individualized for each client's needs and areas of strength. Bilingual in Spanish and honored to be an LGBTQ+ ally. She looks forward to assisting her clients reach their goals in treatment. "Asking for help is being courageous." The types of clients I typically work with are children, teens, couples, females, and most individuals seeking to grow in their areas of concern.
(805) 360-3716 View (805) 360-3716
Photo of Matthew Levy, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oxnard, CA
Matthew Levy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oxnard, CA 93035
Many people go to therapy because they want better. That is my main objective for all my clients no matter what their present situation might be. Whether this involves your relationship, your anxiety, depression, anger, trauma, addictions or gender difficulties, counseling can provide a virtual road map towards your better, or maybe even, best version of yourself. In taking the time to search this site, you've already taken the first step towards that very outcome. I provide a safe, comfortable, confidential environment in which I assist my clients work towards the goal of better, stronger, and of course, healthier.
Many people go to therapy because they want better. That is my main objective for all my clients no matter what their present situation might be. Whether this involves your relationship, your anxiety, depression, anger, trauma, addictions or gender difficulties, counseling can provide a virtual road map towards your better, or maybe even, best version of yourself. In taking the time to search this site, you've already taken the first step towards that very outcome. I provide a safe, comfortable, confidential environment in which I assist my clients work towards the goal of better, stronger, and of course, healthier.
(818) 491-3205 View (818) 491-3205
Photo of Melissa Ceja, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oxnard, CA
Melissa Ceja
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93036  (Online Only)
I want to make this experience as unique as you are, when approaching therapy I am client and person centered. This allows me to connect with you, to discuss your needs and goals and feel supported with a customized approach to your goals that will allow you to enjoy your life. Hablo Español, si estan listos para empezar a assistir terapia contactenme por telefono o correo electronico para una consulta gratis.
I want to make this experience as unique as you are, when approaching therapy I am client and person centered. This allows me to connect with you, to discuss your needs and goals and feel supported with a customized approach to your goals that will allow you to enjoy your life. Hablo Español, si estan listos para empezar a assistir terapia contactenme por telefono o correo electronico para una consulta gratis.
(805) 510-7410 View (805) 510-7410
Photo of William Tornquist, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oxnard, CA
William Tornquist
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93030
My name is Bill Tornquist and I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. My approach to therapy is to listen to the needs of my clients and provide support, tools, and guidance to encourage healthy thinking and behavior patterns, enhance interpersonal relationships, and cope with difficult emotions and situations. I mainly work with individuals and couples looking to deal with challenging situations and enhance interpersonal relationships with others. I tend to provide a more cognitive behavioral approach to individual issues as it is short-term and focused on providing support for emotional challenges.
My name is Bill Tornquist and I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. My approach to therapy is to listen to the needs of my clients and provide support, tools, and guidance to encourage healthy thinking and behavior patterns, enhance interpersonal relationships, and cope with difficult emotions and situations. I mainly work with individuals and couples looking to deal with challenging situations and enhance interpersonal relationships with others. I tend to provide a more cognitive behavioral approach to individual issues as it is short-term and focused on providing support for emotional challenges.
(805) 303-2607 View (805) 303-2607
Photo of Cindy Cothran, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Oxnard, CA
Cindy Cothran
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93030
My name is Cindy Cothran and I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC 13358) based in the Central Coast of California, working with clients statewide via telehealth. I presently work with older adolescents and all ages of adults. I specialize in anxiety, depression, trauma, stress, and GLBTQ-related concerns. I utilize a variety of evidence-based approaches guided by the comfort level of the person I am working with. I find that I am comfortable working with many types of people and every age group. I enjoy working with the LGBTQIA community and I am polyamory and kink-affirming.
My name is Cindy Cothran and I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC 13358) based in the Central Coast of California, working with clients statewide via telehealth. I presently work with older adolescents and all ages of adults. I specialize in anxiety, depression, trauma, stress, and GLBTQ-related concerns. I utilize a variety of evidence-based approaches guided by the comfort level of the person I am working with. I find that I am comfortable working with many types of people and every age group. I enjoy working with the LGBTQIA community and I am polyamory and kink-affirming.
(805) 307-8913 View (805) 307-8913
Photo of Ronald Norman, Counselor in Oxnard, CA
Ronald Norman
Counselor, LCPC
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93030
My name is Keith Norman, and I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) in El Sobrante, CA. I enjoy working with premarital couples most using Cognitive Behavior Therapy. In therapy, we explore thoughts, emotions, and actions while pursuing our treatment goals. Clients that are a good match are consistent in attendance, self-aware of their mental, emotional, and spiritual self, and willing to discuss their life experiences. I am most confident in helping couples develop strong relationships and work through relational challenges.
My name is Keith Norman, and I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC) in El Sobrante, CA. I enjoy working with premarital couples most using Cognitive Behavior Therapy. In therapy, we explore thoughts, emotions, and actions while pursuing our treatment goals. Clients that are a good match are consistent in attendance, self-aware of their mental, emotional, and spiritual self, and willing to discuss their life experiences. I am most confident in helping couples develop strong relationships and work through relational challenges.
(805) 301-5654 View (805) 301-5654
Photo of Dr. Kristine Pickwith, Psychologist in Oxnard, CA
Dr. Kristine Pickwith
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oxnard, CA 93036
Are you feeling isolated from those around you because they can't simply understand the pain and frustration of managing your chronic illness? Do you find yourself lost in your grief with the reality of life without your loved one? If you're seeking empathy, support, and a safe space to make sense of these profound emotions, you've come to the right place. Together, we'll explore your thoughts and emotions, develop coping skills, and foster resilience to face life's difficulties.
Are you feeling isolated from those around you because they can't simply understand the pain and frustration of managing your chronic illness? Do you find yourself lost in your grief with the reality of life without your loved one? If you're seeking empathy, support, and a safe space to make sense of these profound emotions, you've come to the right place. Together, we'll explore your thoughts and emotions, develop coping skills, and foster resilience to face life's difficulties.
(424) 365-8861 View (424) 365-8861
Photo of Kisha Bashkiharatee, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Oxnard, CA
Kisha Bashkiharatee
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93030
Hi, I'm Kisha! I have my master's in clinical and School Counseling as well as a Ph.D. in Family Studies. I'm very dedicated to learning about my client's needs and providing the best support to them. I have worked in a variety of mental health settings, including mental health clinics, urgent care, foster family agencies, schools, colleges, and shelters. I've used both therapeutic techniques and the arts to bring wholeness to others. I believe in finding new ways to grow, and I'd be honored to be your therapist.
Hi, I'm Kisha! I have my master's in clinical and School Counseling as well as a Ph.D. in Family Studies. I'm very dedicated to learning about my client's needs and providing the best support to them. I have worked in a variety of mental health settings, including mental health clinics, urgent care, foster family agencies, schools, colleges, and shelters. I've used both therapeutic techniques and the arts to bring wholeness to others. I believe in finding new ways to grow, and I'd be honored to be your therapist.
(805) 574-8020 View (805) 574-8020
Photo of Norma Magaña, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oxnard, CA
Norma Magaña
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oxnard, CA 93036  (Online Only)
Feeling anxious? Trapped in a cycle of overthinking and worry? Finding it challenging to enjoy life? You find yourself going through life on auto-pilot and not able to be fully present and enjoy time with your loved ones. You feel that what you bring to the table is “not enough”, you feel undeserving of friendships or relationships and tell yourself, “something must be wrong with me”. You are scared of what’s to come and of not having control over the future. Anxiety and stress can feel exhausting and overwhelming. It can feel lonely and like no one understands you.
Feeling anxious? Trapped in a cycle of overthinking and worry? Finding it challenging to enjoy life? You find yourself going through life on auto-pilot and not able to be fully present and enjoy time with your loved ones. You feel that what you bring to the table is “not enough”, you feel undeserving of friendships or relationships and tell yourself, “something must be wrong with me”. You are scared of what’s to come and of not having control over the future. Anxiety and stress can feel exhausting and overwhelming. It can feel lonely and like no one understands you.
(805) 515-4041 View (805) 515-4041
Photo of Eileen McDowell in Oxnard, CA
Eileen McDowell
PhD, MBA, LPC, C Hypno
Verified Verified
Oxnard, CA 93035
Rapid Transformational Therapy — 93% success rate inside 6 sessions. Psychotherapy — 38% success rate after 600. Experience the fastest and most effective method to eradicate addiction, compulsive behaviors, depression, anxiety, chronic illness, weight loss and mindset blocks. Reprogram your mind for ultimate success, abundance and healing with world-famous, proven techniques that have helped Olympians, A-List Actors, Entrepreneurs, CEOs, and others excel.
Rapid Transformational Therapy — 93% success rate inside 6 sessions. Psychotherapy — 38% success rate after 600. Experience the fastest and most effective method to eradicate addiction, compulsive behaviors, depression, anxiety, chronic illness, weight loss and mindset blocks. Reprogram your mind for ultimate success, abundance and healing with world-famous, proven techniques that have helped Olympians, A-List Actors, Entrepreneurs, CEOs, and others excel.
(636) 578-1828 View (636) 578-1828

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Oxnard, CA

200+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Oxnard, CA who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
90% Depression
73% Relationship Issues
70% Coping Skills
69% Self Esteem
66% Trauma and PTSD
64% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% Cigna and Evernorth
79% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
78% Aetna

How Therapists in Oxnard, CA see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
23% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Oxnard?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.