Therapists in Oak Center, Oakland, CA

Photo of Justin Harris, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Justin Harris
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT, MA
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607
I want to thank you for being here, for taking this very large step towards your growth and towards enhancing your wellbeing. Whether you're looking for support with a specific issue or to build on your insights and quality of life, I am here for you. I am a queer therapist and enjoy working with other LGBTQ+ individuals. I also enjoy working with adults, teens, and couples of all identities and intersections. I look forward to connecting with you.
I want to thank you for being here, for taking this very large step towards your growth and towards enhancing your wellbeing. Whether you're looking for support with a specific issue or to build on your insights and quality of life, I am here for you. I am a queer therapist and enjoy working with other LGBTQ+ individuals. I also enjoy working with adults, teens, and couples of all identities and intersections. I look forward to connecting with you.
(510) 422-1031 View (510) 422-1031
Photo of Bradlisia Dixon, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Bradlisia Dixon
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
Are you a black woman who's checked many of the boxes of societal standards of success, but have found yourself in a less than ideal relationship? One day it’s all good, and for the next week it's all bad. You feel alone, isolated…like you can’t talk to anyone about what’s going on. You might feel embarrassed or what’s happening might just feel indescribable? You wish you could talk to your partner about it, but his mood is so unpredictable, you’re not sure if that’s even safe. Not to mention, sharing your experience with family or friends could mean having to face their judgment and receive unhelpful advice to "just leave."
Are you a black woman who's checked many of the boxes of societal standards of success, but have found yourself in a less than ideal relationship? One day it’s all good, and for the next week it's all bad. You feel alone, isolated…like you can’t talk to anyone about what’s going on. You might feel embarrassed or what’s happening might just feel indescribable? You wish you could talk to your partner about it, but his mood is so unpredictable, you’re not sure if that’s even safe. Not to mention, sharing your experience with family or friends could mean having to face their judgment and receive unhelpful advice to "just leave."
(424) 414-0292 View (424) 414-0292
Photo of DeVonna Jacobs, Psychologist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
DeVonna Jacobs
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
I believe that mental health is a journey and I hope to join you on that journey. My work is based in community wisdom, social justice, cultural humility, sex-positivity, and care and respect for all my client’s identities. I believe that therapy is a personal experience that can be supported by a mental health professional. I hope to be a part of that journey. I hold licensure in Maryland, Washington, DC and California.
I believe that mental health is a journey and I hope to join you on that journey. My work is based in community wisdom, social justice, cultural humility, sex-positivity, and care and respect for all my client’s identities. I believe that therapy is a personal experience that can be supported by a mental health professional. I hope to be a part of that journey. I hold licensure in Maryland, Washington, DC and California.
(410) 498-7590 View (410) 498-7590
Photo of Rob Gross, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Rob Gross
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
As a therapist, I am concerned with the emotional or physical injuries that have happened to us. I’m interested in harm that is family based, societally based, or both. I see the thoughts, feelings and behaviors that don't serve us well now as having been required in our past for survival in a traumatic environment. Many of my clients are neurodivergent, and have been subject to harm ranging from ongoing lack of support to severe abuse because of this.
As a therapist, I am concerned with the emotional or physical injuries that have happened to us. I’m interested in harm that is family based, societally based, or both. I see the thoughts, feelings and behaviors that don't serve us well now as having been required in our past for survival in a traumatic environment. Many of my clients are neurodivergent, and have been subject to harm ranging from ongoing lack of support to severe abuse because of this.
(510) 900-5368 View (510) 900-5368
Photo of Lee M Schuster, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Lee M Schuster
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607
Are you at a turning point in your life? Struggling with life's daily complexities? I focus on: Trauma and PTSD, Substance Abuse and Dual Diagnosis, Grief and Loss and much more. I use an eclectic model of healing from a person-centered, strengths-based perspective that is Anti-Racist and Anti- Systems of Oppression in its foundation. To allow oneself to show up as our best selves in and out of the therapy room. Each person brings a multi-faceted expression of their true selves to therapy that can be unlocked with strength, courage, and the acknowledgment of one's right to self-determination and self-efficacy.
Are you at a turning point in your life? Struggling with life's daily complexities? I focus on: Trauma and PTSD, Substance Abuse and Dual Diagnosis, Grief and Loss and much more. I use an eclectic model of healing from a person-centered, strengths-based perspective that is Anti-Racist and Anti- Systems of Oppression in its foundation. To allow oneself to show up as our best selves in and out of the therapy room. Each person brings a multi-faceted expression of their true selves to therapy that can be unlocked with strength, courage, and the acknowledgment of one's right to self-determination and self-efficacy.
(415) 323-3910 View (415) 323-3910
Photo of Sonia Telle, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Sonia Telle
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607
I strongly believe that the most healing aspect of therapy is directly related to the safe connection with the therapist. Trainings inform the therapy but only feeling safe and seen will provide the ground for deep exploration and emergence of the new... almost like a birthing process. Client based, my style is warm, compassionate, nonetheless, assertive. Experience and various trainings keep supporting the importance of breath, grounded presence and mindfulness in any therapeutic setting and healing/life process. Therefore, those are central to my work. My sessions combines several psychotherapy approaches together with various somatic practices such as bioenergetics, movement, mindfulness & trauma work.
I strongly believe that the most healing aspect of therapy is directly related to the safe connection with the therapist. Trainings inform the therapy but only feeling safe and seen will provide the ground for deep exploration and emergence of the new... almost like a birthing process. Client based, my style is warm, compassionate, nonetheless, assertive. Experience and various trainings keep supporting the importance of breath, grounded presence and mindfulness in any therapeutic setting and healing/life process. Therefore, those are central to my work. My sessions combines several psychotherapy approaches together with various somatic practices such as bioenergetics, movement, mindfulness & trauma work.
(510) 788-2703 View (510) 788-2703
Photo of Allison Zamani, Counselor in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Allison Zamani
Counselor, JD, MACP, LPCC
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
My style is compassionate yet direct, soft yet forceful. I combine traditional talk therapy with somatic therapy (i.e., therapy involving awareness and work with the body). I have a background working in the corporate world and understand the challenges unique to that space. I trained at the California Institute of Integral Studies and incorporate not only that training but my years of post-graduate education and time spent studying different energetic and intuitive healing techniques into the work I do with you. Visit my website at www.allisonzamani.com for more information.
My style is compassionate yet direct, soft yet forceful. I combine traditional talk therapy with somatic therapy (i.e., therapy involving awareness and work with the body). I have a background working in the corporate world and understand the challenges unique to that space. I trained at the California Institute of Integral Studies and incorporate not only that training but my years of post-graduate education and time spent studying different energetic and intuitive healing techniques into the work I do with you. Visit my website at www.allisonzamani.com for more information.
(415) 843-7416 View (415) 843-7416
Photo of Clancy Cavnar, Psychologist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Clancy Cavnar
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
I have years of experience working with people of all ages experiencing depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, addictions, and other clinical issues. My style is to create a safe space for clients to explore feelings, address emotional pain, and try new conceptions of themselves. I can also support people who have had experiences with expanded states and wish to integrate them; I have many years of experience in psychedelic research and publications. I am also trained as a level 1 IFS therapist., and am excited about this work.
I have years of experience working with people of all ages experiencing depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, addictions, and other clinical issues. My style is to create a safe space for clients to explore feelings, address emotional pain, and try new conceptions of themselves. I can also support people who have had experiences with expanded states and wish to integrate them; I have many years of experience in psychedelic research and publications. I am also trained as a level 1 IFS therapist., and am excited about this work.
(415) 801-3689 View (415) 801-3689
Photo of Bill Roller, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Bill Roller
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
I enjoy working with people who have been successful in their fields and yet have come to an impasse in how they think of themselves in terms of self esteem and self respect. The people I work with often question the significance of their lives and how loved they are by friends and family. These doubts often have their origin in their birth families and can be helped by an in-depth understanding of their role in their families.
I enjoy working with people who have been successful in their fields and yet have come to an impasse in how they think of themselves in terms of self esteem and self respect. The people I work with often question the significance of their lives and how loved they are by friends and family. These doubts often have their origin in their birth families and can be helped by an in-depth understanding of their role in their families.
(510) 359-5756 View (510) 359-5756
Photo of Marissa Cotter, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Marissa Cotter
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607
I provide relational somatic therapy for adults, kids & teens. Therapy with me is integrative, including woven layers of modalities designed with your specific needs in mind. Our work is a collaboration with your mind, body, and soul. Non-judgement. Warmth. Active conversations and appropriate humor. Integrative therapy works successfully to treat mental health issues, emotional distress, and trauma triggers, and is great for kids/teens through art-therapy, body-awareness, and non-directive play. Psychotherapy, to me, is personal, political, & social. It takes courage, strength, and hope to live into who you really are.
I provide relational somatic therapy for adults, kids & teens. Therapy with me is integrative, including woven layers of modalities designed with your specific needs in mind. Our work is a collaboration with your mind, body, and soul. Non-judgement. Warmth. Active conversations and appropriate humor. Integrative therapy works successfully to treat mental health issues, emotional distress, and trauma triggers, and is great for kids/teens through art-therapy, body-awareness, and non-directive play. Psychotherapy, to me, is personal, political, & social. It takes courage, strength, and hope to live into who you really are.
(628) 888-6059 View (628) 888-6059
Photo of Veronique N Lee, Psychologist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Veronique N Lee
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607
Seeking help is often the first step in making a change for the better. My goal as a therapist is to support you in your steps towards wellness. I work with children, adolescents, adults and families with a wide range of emotional concerns. I support children and adolescents struggling with emotional or behavioral issues, adults managing life stress, individuals facing life transitions, or families struggling with communication difficulties. As a therapist I will work collaboratively with you to build upon your strengths to create change and will tailor my treatments to meet your unique needs.
Seeking help is often the first step in making a change for the better. My goal as a therapist is to support you in your steps towards wellness. I work with children, adolescents, adults and families with a wide range of emotional concerns. I support children and adolescents struggling with emotional or behavioral issues, adults managing life stress, individuals facing life transitions, or families struggling with communication difficulties. As a therapist I will work collaboratively with you to build upon your strengths to create change and will tailor my treatments to meet your unique needs.
(510) 695-2343 View (510) 695-2343
Photo of Maelinda Nicole Turner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Maelinda Nicole Turner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MDiv
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
I am about the soft life. Soft life is a life of self-care where you make yourself a priority. It is a life that emphasizes reduced stress, dispelling false narratives and good boundaries. You are worthy and it is your time to breath. I provide individual therapy for a range of issues including stress, grief, multi-cultural issues, anxiety, and depression.
I am about the soft life. Soft life is a life of self-care where you make yourself a priority. It is a life that emphasizes reduced stress, dispelling false narratives and good boundaries. You are worthy and it is your time to breath. I provide individual therapy for a range of issues including stress, grief, multi-cultural issues, anxiety, and depression.
(341) 895-5587 View (341) 895-5587
Photo of Caroline Mok, Psychologist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Caroline Mok
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607
I provide individual, couples, and group psychotherapy to children and adults. I have experience in treating numerous psychological disorders and supporting patients through difficult times, grieving, pandemic related stress, conflictual relationships, and troubling emotions. Along with the general areas of psychology, I specialize in the treatment of trauma. I have worked as a trauma researcher for ten years at the Palo Alto VA and Palo Alto University, publishing a book chapter on personality disorders and paper in the Journal of Threat Assessment and Management. I also provide assessment and expert witness services.
I provide individual, couples, and group psychotherapy to children and adults. I have experience in treating numerous psychological disorders and supporting patients through difficult times, grieving, pandemic related stress, conflictual relationships, and troubling emotions. Along with the general areas of psychology, I specialize in the treatment of trauma. I have worked as a trauma researcher for ten years at the Palo Alto VA and Palo Alto University, publishing a book chapter on personality disorders and paper in the Journal of Threat Assessment and Management. I also provide assessment and expert witness services.
(510) 827-1036 View (510) 827-1036
Photo of Dana Marie Nielsen, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Dana Marie Nielsen
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
How would your life shift if you felt nourished and integrated? Many of us could use more space to reconnect with our inner compass, and tend to old hurts, and practice presence in relationships with those we love. You may feel stuck and unclear about how to assert yourself authentically; you may want to learn how to discern what's your intuition versus your fears. Perhaps, you are aware of what's holding you back from inner ease, but can't seem to let go of the somatic charge and/or feelings enough to come out the other end. I'm here to help.
How would your life shift if you felt nourished and integrated? Many of us could use more space to reconnect with our inner compass, and tend to old hurts, and practice presence in relationships with those we love. You may feel stuck and unclear about how to assert yourself authentically; you may want to learn how to discern what's your intuition versus your fears. Perhaps, you are aware of what's holding you back from inner ease, but can't seem to let go of the somatic charge and/or feelings enough to come out the other end. I'm here to help.
(415) 799-4306 View (415) 799-4306
Photo of Mari Clemson-Hines, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Mari Clemson-Hines
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607
Please note: I am currently living abroad and have suspended my in person practice, but I am continuing to provide on-line therapy. You are unique so your therapy path should be too. If working on-line sounds like it would fit with your lifestyle and schedule please contact me and we can discuss if this is a good fit for you.
Please note: I am currently living abroad and have suspended my in person practice, but I am continuing to provide on-line therapy. You are unique so your therapy path should be too. If working on-line sounds like it would fit with your lifestyle and schedule please contact me and we can discuss if this is a good fit for you.
(415) 702-5649 View (415) 702-5649
Teresa Diane Fennelly
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607
I am an experienced children's psychotherapist, with a private practice in Alameda and have provided therapeutic services for children, teens and families for 20+ years. I have been able to help families deal with a variety of issues including trauma, loss, family-conflict, children/teens with learning disabilities and a variety of behavioral issues, as well as familial substance use issues, post-divorce issues, severe anxiety and depression.
I am an experienced children's psychotherapist, with a private practice in Alameda and have provided therapeutic services for children, teens and families for 20+ years. I have been able to help families deal with a variety of issues including trauma, loss, family-conflict, children/teens with learning disabilities and a variety of behavioral issues, as well as familial substance use issues, post-divorce issues, severe anxiety and depression.
(510) 292-4106 View (510) 292-4106
Photo of Glen E Harelson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Glen E Harelson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, MPH
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607  (Online Only)
I currently offer Telehealth services to clients residing in Arizona and California. I place a high priority on access to care and therefore offer a generous sliding fee schedule. I have been in the field of public and behavioral health at federal, county and nonprofit settings as a manager and direct service provider for over 25 years. I work with individuals with mild to moderate stress, anxiety, panic disorders, depression, trauma, family and relationship difficulties, mental and addictive disorders including clients with chronic dependence on alcohol and opioids.
I currently offer Telehealth services to clients residing in Arizona and California. I place a high priority on access to care and therefore offer a generous sliding fee schedule. I have been in the field of public and behavioral health at federal, county and nonprofit settings as a manager and direct service provider for over 25 years. I work with individuals with mild to moderate stress, anxiety, panic disorders, depression, trauma, family and relationship difficulties, mental and addictive disorders including clients with chronic dependence on alcohol and opioids.
(520) 210-5361 View (520) 210-5361
Photo of Alex Wang, Psychologist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Alex Wang
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607
Trying to resolve issues in our life can be difficult and serious work but usually worth all the effort and time. These changes may come from sustained effort, learning from past failure, exploring detours, walking in faith, fostering patience to allow change to happen to us, addressing chemical imbalances, and many other factors. Many, perhaps most times in our lives, we can make these changes through our own efforts or help from our friends or family. Sometimes we may need help from professional guidance to help make sense of or add to all of these efforts.
Trying to resolve issues in our life can be difficult and serious work but usually worth all the effort and time. These changes may come from sustained effort, learning from past failure, exploring detours, walking in faith, fostering patience to allow change to happen to us, addressing chemical imbalances, and many other factors. Many, perhaps most times in our lives, we can make these changes through our own efforts or help from our friends or family. Sometimes we may need help from professional guidance to help make sense of or add to all of these efforts.
(415) 969-2180 View (415) 969-2180
Photo of Bonnie Harrison, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Bonnie Harrison
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EMDR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607
Sometimes we need extra support to get through difficult times in our lives, or a sounding board when making difficult decisions. I am here to provide a safe space for you on your path towards positive change and healing. If you are looking for a change in your life or struggling with feelings of depression, anxiety, grief or trauma, please reach out for a free consultation. If you are not sure if therapy is right for you, I am happy to discuss what you are looking for and support you wherever you are in this process.
Sometimes we need extra support to get through difficult times in our lives, or a sounding board when making difficult decisions. I am here to provide a safe space for you on your path towards positive change and healing. If you are looking for a change in your life or struggling with feelings of depression, anxiety, grief or trauma, please reach out for a free consultation. If you are not sure if therapy is right for you, I am happy to discuss what you are looking for and support you wherever you are in this process.
(415) 630-5734 View (415) 630-5734
Photo of Gwen Harville-Washington, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Center, Oakland, CA
Gwen Harville-Washington
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oak Center, Oakland, CA 94607
Are you looking to heal from past experiences, work through a stressful life transition, or improve your family dynamics and relationships? Do your relationships feel overwhelming and you can't seem to find your way to better days? I aid individuals in understanding how past traumas and other negative experiences affect behaviors and their interactions with others.
Are you looking to heal from past experiences, work through a stressful life transition, or improve your family dynamics and relationships? Do your relationships feel overwhelming and you can't seem to find your way to better days? I aid individuals in understanding how past traumas and other negative experiences affect behaviors and their interactions with others.
(442) 244-9638 View (442) 244-9638

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Oak Center, Oakland, CA

40+

Average cost per session

$195

Therapists in Oak Center, Oakland, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
83% Depression
79% Trauma and PTSD
75% Relationship Issues
71% Self Esteem
63% Grief
63% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

57% Aetna
57% Other
48% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Oak Center, Oakland, CA see their clients

63% In Person and Online
37% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
24% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Oak Center, Oakland?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.