Therapists in Monterey, CA

Photo of Julie Hassen, Pre-Licensed Professional in Monterey, CA
Julie Hassen
Pre-Licensed Professional, ACSW, MS
Verified
1 Endorsed
Monterey, CA 93940
As an eco- and climate-informed therapist, I combine my backgrounds in Marine Science, Environmental Psychology, and Clinical Social Work to help folks who struggle with a wide range of concerns, including climate change or eco-anxiety/grief/depression. Sometimes global issues can impact our own lives and contribute to things like anxiety and depression, and even cause trauma and physical illness. I also have expertise working with clients who struggle with eating disorders, depression, anxiety, grief, and suicidal ideation.
As an eco- and climate-informed therapist, I combine my backgrounds in Marine Science, Environmental Psychology, and Clinical Social Work to help folks who struggle with a wide range of concerns, including climate change or eco-anxiety/grief/depression. Sometimes global issues can impact our own lives and contribute to things like anxiety and depression, and even cause trauma and physical illness. I also have expertise working with clients who struggle with eating disorders, depression, anxiety, grief, and suicidal ideation.
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Photo of Christina Shamah, Marriage & Family Therapist in Monterey, CA
Christina Shamah
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Monterey, CA 93940
Are you searching for a sense of purpose, to better understand or be understood by others? Are you looking for support in making decisions more aligned with your values? I utilize an integrative counseling style tailored to your unique needs, providing the opportunity for you to tap into your strengths. Insight gained may provide you the opportunity to manage stressors and to make self driven choices in a balanced manner. Approaching life's most difficult challenges in a confidential way may allow you to work towards your goals, providing you the opportunity to safely delve into your relationship struggles.
Are you searching for a sense of purpose, to better understand or be understood by others? Are you looking for support in making decisions more aligned with your values? I utilize an integrative counseling style tailored to your unique needs, providing the opportunity for you to tap into your strengths. Insight gained may provide you the opportunity to manage stressors and to make self driven choices in a balanced manner. Approaching life's most difficult challenges in a confidential way may allow you to work towards your goals, providing you the opportunity to safely delve into your relationship struggles.
(831) 920-4874 View (831) 920-4874
Photo of Miranda Wilson in Monterey, CA
Miranda Wilson
MSW
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
How do we let go of stress? You know those people who seem to be mostly happy and calm despite what’s happening? Almost like they’re unaffected by the stress and chaos of modern life. They can handle anything. Imagine how incredible that would feel. You can create this, too. I work with so many people feeling stressed or overwhelmed. They want to create change but don’t know how. They want to feel more happy, calm and balanced. As a social worker, coach and mentor I help people change how they live their life.
How do we let go of stress? You know those people who seem to be mostly happy and calm despite what’s happening? Almost like they’re unaffected by the stress and chaos of modern life. They can handle anything. Imagine how incredible that would feel. You can create this, too. I work with so many people feeling stressed or overwhelmed. They want to create change but don’t know how. They want to feel more happy, calm and balanced. As a social worker, coach and mentor I help people change how they live their life.
(408) 256-1345 View (408) 256-1345
Photo of Mark P Willison, Marriage & Family Therapist in Monterey, CA
Mark P Willison
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
Relationship difficulties? Depressed? Anxious? Challenged? It doesn't have to as hard as it seems right now. Trust me, there is a solution to what is affecting you and how you feel about life today. With nearly 40years experience I know I can help you find a healthier, happier life. Together, we'll find the solution that works for you. Be sure to leave a message, I will return your call the same day. To learn more about my work and me click on the WEBSITE icon under my picture.
Relationship difficulties? Depressed? Anxious? Challenged? It doesn't have to as hard as it seems right now. Trust me, there is a solution to what is affecting you and how you feel about life today. With nearly 40years experience I know I can help you find a healthier, happier life. Together, we'll find the solution that works for you. Be sure to leave a message, I will return your call the same day. To learn more about my work and me click on the WEBSITE icon under my picture.
(831) 204-2784 View (831) 204-2784
Photo of April Zobel Therapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in Monterey, CA
April Zobel Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
I believe in healing and I believe that the soul speaks when it is given the space to do so. I work as both a catalyst & teacher, helping discover & uncover what needs attention & tending to, and potentially leading to a life with less suffering & pain. If you're looking for help, your soul is probably speaking. Prior to becoming a therapist, I was a high school teacher. I have an affinity for working w/teens & young adults who are ready to uncover and heal trauma and pain from circumstances out of their control. I am especially drawn towards helping those struggling with addiction and those who have survived great trauma.
I believe in healing and I believe that the soul speaks when it is given the space to do so. I work as both a catalyst & teacher, helping discover & uncover what needs attention & tending to, and potentially leading to a life with less suffering & pain. If you're looking for help, your soul is probably speaking. Prior to becoming a therapist, I was a high school teacher. I have an affinity for working w/teens & young adults who are ready to uncover and heal trauma and pain from circumstances out of their control. I am especially drawn towards helping those struggling with addiction and those who have survived great trauma.
(831) 539-0428 View (831) 539-0428
Photo of Mary F McKenna LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist in Monterey, CA
Mary F McKenna LMFT
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
We live in very challenging times, and that affects our mood, our sense of security and our capacity to deal with everyday life issues. Many of us are experiencing anxiety and depression which impact relationships. Are you finding that you and your partner get stuck in conflict or feeling distant from one another? Are you struggling with job or parenting issues? I can help you get to the root of the problem by offering guidance, help you find remedies, and create a plan of action to start you in a new direction.
We live in very challenging times, and that affects our mood, our sense of security and our capacity to deal with everyday life issues. Many of us are experiencing anxiety and depression which impact relationships. Are you finding that you and your partner get stuck in conflict or feeling distant from one another? Are you struggling with job or parenting issues? I can help you get to the root of the problem by offering guidance, help you find remedies, and create a plan of action to start you in a new direction.
(831) 406-5849 View (831) 406-5849
Photo of Arayeh Norouzi in Monterey, CA
Arayeh Norouzi
PhD
Monterey, CA 93940
Greetings with love! I'm Dr. Arayeh. I have a Ph.D. in psychology, and I am a joyful living coach in personal healing, relationships, conscious parenting, and corporate mindfulness training. I am also the bestselling author of The Art of Living in Joy: Five Practical Steps to Transform Life Challenges into Joy and Harmony, featured in the Monterey Herald Newspaper. I combine science with heart-based tools to empower you to transform anger, anxiety, grief, overwhelm, or procrastination into joy, growth, and productivity and build harmonious relationships at home and work.
Greetings with love! I'm Dr. Arayeh. I have a Ph.D. in psychology, and I am a joyful living coach in personal healing, relationships, conscious parenting, and corporate mindfulness training. I am also the bestselling author of The Art of Living in Joy: Five Practical Steps to Transform Life Challenges into Joy and Harmony, featured in the Monterey Herald Newspaper. I combine science with heart-based tools to empower you to transform anger, anxiety, grief, overwhelm, or procrastination into joy, growth, and productivity and build harmonious relationships at home and work.
(831) 228-6032 View (831) 228-6032
Photo of David E Blasband, Psychologist in Monterey, CA
David E Blasband
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
I work with individuals in both brief and longer-term psychotherapy. I practice integrative therapy that is strongly grounded in psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral and solution-focused approaches. I strive to help clients increase awareness of thoughts and feelings, gain a better understanding of how their past contributes to their development, and gain skills in coping with stress and changing behaviors. I view psychotherapy as a collaborative process in which the client and therapist work together to develop goals and treatment plans.
I work with individuals in both brief and longer-term psychotherapy. I practice integrative therapy that is strongly grounded in psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral and solution-focused approaches. I strive to help clients increase awareness of thoughts and feelings, gain a better understanding of how their past contributes to their development, and gain skills in coping with stress and changing behaviors. I view psychotherapy as a collaborative process in which the client and therapist work together to develop goals and treatment plans.
(831) 233-8219 View (831) 233-8219
Photo of Rebecca Hardt, Marriage & Family Therapist in Monterey, CA
Rebecca Hardt
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, PMH-C
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
I wholeheartedly believe it’s my role as a therapist to assist you in realizing, accessing and cultivating the internal and external resources that you already possess. Stress, conflict, and pain are given aspects of life. I'll support you in healing, reconnecting and making empowering choices to achieve peace and feel more joy on a daily basis. Together, we will create a safe space for vulnerability and strength; both are needed for change. Our sessions will allow you to move through stuck points in your mind, relationships and environment. My approach is empathic, direct, emotionally supportive and solutions focused.
I wholeheartedly believe it’s my role as a therapist to assist you in realizing, accessing and cultivating the internal and external resources that you already possess. Stress, conflict, and pain are given aspects of life. I'll support you in healing, reconnecting and making empowering choices to achieve peace and feel more joy on a daily basis. Together, we will create a safe space for vulnerability and strength; both are needed for change. Our sessions will allow you to move through stuck points in your mind, relationships and environment. My approach is empathic, direct, emotionally supportive and solutions focused.
(831) 268-6273 View (831) 268-6273
Photo of Sarah Laws, Marriage & Family Therapist in Monterey, CA
Sarah Laws
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified
Monterey, CA 93943  (Online Only)
Change is hard. Really hard. Finding the habits, thoughts, and chains that hold you back from the life you want to live, then shifting towards the habits, thoughts, and paths that help you live your core values and pursue the life you want is a journey that is so worthwhile, but fraught with doubts and steps backwards. I say this not to discourage you, but to be honest and up front. If you're ready to put in the work to change then I want to help you achieve that change.
Change is hard. Really hard. Finding the habits, thoughts, and chains that hold you back from the life you want to live, then shifting towards the habits, thoughts, and paths that help you live your core values and pursue the life you want is a journey that is so worthwhile, but fraught with doubts and steps backwards. I say this not to discourage you, but to be honest and up front. If you're ready to put in the work to change then I want to help you achieve that change.
(831) 291-4294 View (831) 291-4294
Photo of Brenda Lang, Marriage & Family Therapist in Monterey, CA
Brenda Lang
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
Having made major life and career changes myself(from CPA to MFT)gives me a unique ability to help clients who have emotional issues related to financial, career or life transition issues. I have also worked as a middle school counselor, which helps me in working with teens and families. My clinical areas of expertise include issues related to relationships and communication, career counseling, employment, education and money or life transition. I also work with depression, anxiety, stress management, grief and loss. I work with individuals, couples, families and adolescents.
Having made major life and career changes myself(from CPA to MFT)gives me a unique ability to help clients who have emotional issues related to financial, career or life transition issues. I have also worked as a middle school counselor, which helps me in working with teens and families. My clinical areas of expertise include issues related to relationships and communication, career counseling, employment, education and money or life transition. I also work with depression, anxiety, stress management, grief and loss. I work with individuals, couples, families and adolescents.
(831) 250-6969 View (831) 250-6969
Photo of Raquel Morris, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Monterey, CA
Raquel Morris
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW , 69391
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
Are you wanting to embark on a journey of self discovery and healing to move towards living your best life? I have over 20 years of experience and specialize in working with anxiety, depression, co-dependency, trauma (direct and intergenerational). I am certified in Clinical Supervision and have been providing clinical supervision since 2017. I specializing in therapy for therapists to process vicarious trauma, transference, and provide consultation. Drawing from depth psychology, I help clients in developing deep understanding of their psyche and heal wounds that block them from living their most authentic life.
Are you wanting to embark on a journey of self discovery and healing to move towards living your best life? I have over 20 years of experience and specialize in working with anxiety, depression, co-dependency, trauma (direct and intergenerational). I am certified in Clinical Supervision and have been providing clinical supervision since 2017. I specializing in therapy for therapists to process vicarious trauma, transference, and provide consultation. Drawing from depth psychology, I help clients in developing deep understanding of their psyche and heal wounds that block them from living their most authentic life.
(831) 208-3421 View (831) 208-3421
Photo of Christiane Dettinger, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Monterey, CA
Christiane Dettinger
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CST, AASECT, PACT1
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
I work with individuals and partners from diverse backgrounds and life experiences. My areas of expertise are challenges with relationships and sexuality, communication, intimacy, desire differences, infidelity, sexual orientation, gender, and romantic and sexual lifestyles as well as self-discovery and sexuality through the life span. As a sex therapist I am trained to assist you with sensitivity and competence to address these issues. My goal is to support people in their self-discovery and self-realization as relational and sexual beings and to collaborate with you to strengthen your emotional, spiritual and physical well-being.
I work with individuals and partners from diverse backgrounds and life experiences. My areas of expertise are challenges with relationships and sexuality, communication, intimacy, desire differences, infidelity, sexual orientation, gender, and romantic and sexual lifestyles as well as self-discovery and sexuality through the life span. As a sex therapist I am trained to assist you with sensitivity and competence to address these issues. My goal is to support people in their self-discovery and self-realization as relational and sexual beings and to collaborate with you to strengthen your emotional, spiritual and physical well-being.
(831) 350-4733 View (831) 350-4733
Photo of Michael Ryan Guichet, Marriage & Family Therapist in Monterey, CA
Michael Ryan Guichet
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified
6 Endorsed
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Marriage and relationships are challenging and it is even harder to ask for what you want. Often people believe they are broken or their desires are shameful and I work to create change and facilitate communication. As a licensed psychotherapist, specializing in sex therapy, I work to help individuals, partners, and couples to connect. It is my passion to heal shame, have the hard talks, and facilitate communication. Personally, I know the challenges of maintaining the passion in a long term relationship and I don't believe it is normal to give up on intimacy.
Marriage and relationships are challenging and it is even harder to ask for what you want. Often people believe they are broken or their desires are shameful and I work to create change and facilitate communication. As a licensed psychotherapist, specializing in sex therapy, I work to help individuals, partners, and couples to connect. It is my passion to heal shame, have the hard talks, and facilitate communication. Personally, I know the challenges of maintaining the passion in a long term relationship and I don't believe it is normal to give up on intimacy.
(831) 346-1251 View (831) 346-1251
Photo of Saralinda Subbiondo, Marriage & Family Therapist in Monterey, CA
Saralinda Subbiondo
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
My approach is generally solution-focused, and based on the premise that it's easier to make changes based on our strengths than our deficits. My style is down-to-earth, friendly, and collaborative. There is no problem too big that we can’t resolve together in a collaborative style. I build a therapeutic relationship on mutual respect and support people in using their strengths to overcome challenges. I very much enjoy my work and consider it an honor to be invited into the lives of the people with whom I work.
My approach is generally solution-focused, and based on the premise that it's easier to make changes based on our strengths than our deficits. My style is down-to-earth, friendly, and collaborative. There is no problem too big that we can’t resolve together in a collaborative style. I build a therapeutic relationship on mutual respect and support people in using their strengths to overcome challenges. I very much enjoy my work and consider it an honor to be invited into the lives of the people with whom I work.
(424) 404-8749 View (424) 404-8749
Photo of Judy D Zappacosta, Marriage & Family Therapist in Monterey, CA
Judy D Zappacosta
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT, CST-T
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
Not accepting new clients
I have been in private practice for over 30 years helping children, families and adults. My clinical work includes a Jungian orientation to therapy, including non-verbal Sandplay Therapy for children and adults,dreamwork and somatic awareness. It is also includes extremely practical perspectives. I am accepting new referrals for children, adults, and families as they move through life transitions, trauma, depression or adjustment difficulties. I am a certified Teaching Member of Sandplay Therapists of America.
I have been in private practice for over 30 years helping children, families and adults. My clinical work includes a Jungian orientation to therapy, including non-verbal Sandplay Therapy for children and adults,dreamwork and somatic awareness. It is also includes extremely practical perspectives. I am accepting new referrals for children, adults, and families as they move through life transitions, trauma, depression or adjustment difficulties. I am a certified Teaching Member of Sandplay Therapists of America.
(831) 272-0255 View (831) 272-0255
Photo of Lena M Allen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Monterey, CA
Lena M Allen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
I grew up in Southern California and received my BA from California State University, San Marcos in Sociology and Liberal Arts. I obtained my MSW from the University of Southern California in 2002 and became a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in 2008. I have over 20 years of experience working with children, adolescents, adults and families in a variety of settings. My experience includes working with individuals, couples, and families. I have a strong foundation in working with depression, anxiety, trauma, personality disorders, and substance use disorders.
I grew up in Southern California and received my BA from California State University, San Marcos in Sociology and Liberal Arts. I obtained my MSW from the University of Southern California in 2002 and became a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in 2008. I have over 20 years of experience working with children, adolescents, adults and families in a variety of settings. My experience includes working with individuals, couples, and families. I have a strong foundation in working with depression, anxiety, trauma, personality disorders, and substance use disorders.
(831) 221-9641 View (831) 221-9641
Photo of Araceli Meskus, Associate Clinical Social Worker in Monterey, CA
Araceli Meskus
Associate Clinical Social Worker, MSW , ACSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Monterey, CA 93940
The struggles of life’s journey come with many stressors. These often result in anxiety, depression, and trauma affecting how we view ourselves and the world around us. These can cause an impact on our relationships with our loved ones and ourselves. You’re taking the first step toward overcoming those struggles - by choosing to seek healing, your highest potential, and the accomplishment of your goals. Servicios de terapia en español.
The struggles of life’s journey come with many stressors. These often result in anxiety, depression, and trauma affecting how we view ourselves and the world around us. These can cause an impact on our relationships with our loved ones and ourselves. You’re taking the first step toward overcoming those struggles - by choosing to seek healing, your highest potential, and the accomplishment of your goals. Servicios de terapia en español.
(831) 480-1650 View (831) 480-1650
Photo of Lori Galperin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Monterey, CA
Lori Galperin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940
Lori Galperin, MSW has been a therapist, program founder, clinical director, teacher and writer for 27+ years. She is highly skilled in multiple types of therapeutic treatment. Her areas of specialization focus in the following areas: 1) Working with individuals and couples around issues of intimacy, relational and attachment problems, sexual dysfunction, trauma and compulsivity, and 2) Eating disorders recovery, including from anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating; and 3) Clinical writing, focused on the "recovery" process from addictive behaviors and mental health problems to a state of vital aliveness, meaningfulness, and relatedness.
Lori Galperin, MSW has been a therapist, program founder, clinical director, teacher and writer for 27+ years. She is highly skilled in multiple types of therapeutic treatment. Her areas of specialization focus in the following areas: 1) Working with individuals and couples around issues of intimacy, relational and attachment problems, sexual dysfunction, trauma and compulsivity, and 2) Eating disorders recovery, including from anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating; and 3) Clinical writing, focused on the "recovery" process from addictive behaviors and mental health problems to a state of vital aliveness, meaningfulness, and relatedness.
(831) 585-1052 View (831) 585-1052
Photo of Glenn Morrison, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Monterey, CA
Glenn Morrison
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified
Monterey, CA 93940  (Online Only)
As a member of the LGBTQ+ community in the Monterey area, I recognize the need for therapy services that address the unique experiences of those with nondominant sexual and gender identities. I also focus on couples and family therapy with those from both traditional and nontraditional family structures, including polyamorous and consensual non-monogamous relationships.
As a member of the LGBTQ+ community in the Monterey area, I recognize the need for therapy services that address the unique experiences of those with nondominant sexual and gender identities. I also focus on couples and family therapy with those from both traditional and nontraditional family structures, including polyamorous and consensual non-monogamous relationships.
(831) 263-0862 View (831) 263-0862

See more therapy options for Monterey

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Monterey, CA

200+

Average cost per session

$160

Therapists in Monterey, CA who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
88% Depression
82% Relationship Issues
79% Self Esteem
73% Trauma and PTSD
73% Coping Skills
70% Stress

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

45% Other
44% Aetna
38% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Monterey, CA see their clients

71% In Person and Online
29% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Monterey?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.