Therapists in Menlo Park, CA

Photo of Cheryl Chin, Marriage & Family Therapist in Menlo Park, CA
Cheryl Chin
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025  (Online Only)
My style is that I meet the clients where they currently are, using strength-based and empirically-driven approaches. I want to understand my clients holistically and consider the mind-body connection in helping my clients live a higher quality of life or make positive transformations.
My style is that I meet the clients where they currently are, using strength-based and empirically-driven approaches. I want to understand my clients holistically and consider the mind-body connection in helping my clients live a higher quality of life or make positive transformations.
(408) 617-8993 View (408) 617-8993
Photo of Jason Magers, Marriage & Family Therapist in Menlo Park, CA
Jason Magers
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Menlo Park, CA 94025
I am a licensed psychotherapist and consultant specializing in treating trauma. I have extensive experience in the areas of PTSD, childhood attachment wounds, and sexual abuse. I believe everyone deserves a safe, secure space that welcomes all of them. Together we will explore the parts of yourself that seem harder to navigate, and over time we can develop a new understanding of the internal walls that hold you back from significant growth.
I am a licensed psychotherapist and consultant specializing in treating trauma. I have extensive experience in the areas of PTSD, childhood attachment wounds, and sexual abuse. I believe everyone deserves a safe, secure space that welcomes all of them. Together we will explore the parts of yourself that seem harder to navigate, and over time we can develop a new understanding of the internal walls that hold you back from significant growth.
(408) 533-0581 View (408) 533-0581
Photo of Azadeh H Weber, Psychologist in Menlo Park, CA
Azadeh H Weber
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025  (Online Only)
I’m Dr. Azadeh Weber, a licensed Clinical Psychologist.​ My professional background includes mental health services for individuals, couples, families, and groups. I have worked in community mental health, as a counselor in K-12 education, as a milieu counselor for families in a hospital setting, and as a therapist and forensic assistant in Workers' Compensation. I built a therapeutic farm in Spokane, WA and won multiple grant awards to provide heritage art workshops to women to enhance resiliency. I care about my clients’ well-being and strive to deliver counseling and psychological services catered to their needs.
I’m Dr. Azadeh Weber, a licensed Clinical Psychologist.​ My professional background includes mental health services for individuals, couples, families, and groups. I have worked in community mental health, as a counselor in K-12 education, as a milieu counselor for families in a hospital setting, and as a therapist and forensic assistant in Workers' Compensation. I built a therapeutic farm in Spokane, WA and won multiple grant awards to provide heritage art workshops to women to enhance resiliency. I care about my clients’ well-being and strive to deliver counseling and psychological services catered to their needs.
(650) 663-5581 View (650) 663-5581
Photo of Celeste Birkhofer, Psychologist in Menlo Park, CA
Celeste Birkhofer
Psychologist, PhD, PsyD
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Most people benefit from having a trusted and trained professional to confide in and collaborate with - to make changes, deal with emotional pain, and search for understanding and meaning. Humans are complex beings and life is full of challenges. We all create "protective measures" to help us cope with difficulties we have encountered. Unconscious relational patterns, expectations, and beliefs about ourselves and others develop. Unfortunately, many of these ways of being interfere with creating satisfying lives and relationships. Our habituated patterns can be constricting, or lead to troubling behaviors or symptoms.
Most people benefit from having a trusted and trained professional to confide in and collaborate with - to make changes, deal with emotional pain, and search for understanding and meaning. Humans are complex beings and life is full of challenges. We all create "protective measures" to help us cope with difficulties we have encountered. Unconscious relational patterns, expectations, and beliefs about ourselves and others develop. Unfortunately, many of these ways of being interfere with creating satisfying lives and relationships. Our habituated patterns can be constricting, or lead to troubling behaviors or symptoms.
(650) 897-5862 View (650) 897-5862
Photo of Margarita Garcia-Moreira, Marriage & Family Therapist in Menlo Park, CA
Margarita Garcia-Moreira
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025
My name is Margarita (Magui) Garcia-Moreira, and I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist (LMFT) based in San Diego, CA, and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with women and specialize in anxiety, stress, and depression, using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and solution-focused therapy to help my clients make progress and start feeling empowered and loved.
My name is Margarita (Magui) Garcia-Moreira, and I am a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist (LMFT) based in San Diego, CA, and working with clients statewide via telehealth. I work with women and specialize in anxiety, stress, and depression, using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and solution-focused therapy to help my clients make progress and start feeling empowered and loved.
(650) 742-1681 View (650) 742-1681
Photo of Kelly Saam, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Menlo Park, CA
Kelly Saam
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Currently accepting new clients for in-person therapy. Welcome, I'm glad you're here. Healing is possible for all people, especially in the context of connection and empathy. My unwavering belief in the goodness of people and the resilience of the human spirit has guided and informed my approach to therapy. I strive to build trustworthy collaborative relationships with my clients in order to find ways to heal, change patterns, and establish more fulfilling lives and relationships.
Currently accepting new clients for in-person therapy. Welcome, I'm glad you're here. Healing is possible for all people, especially in the context of connection and empathy. My unwavering belief in the goodness of people and the resilience of the human spirit has guided and informed my approach to therapy. I strive to build trustworthy collaborative relationships with my clients in order to find ways to heal, change patterns, and establish more fulfilling lives and relationships.
(650) 374-0382 View (650) 374-0382
Photo of Nina Keebler Frank - Centered Wisdom, Marriage & Family Therapist in Menlo Park, CA
Nina Keebler Frank - Centered Wisdom
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
13 Endorsed
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Not accepting new clients
Life is a journey full of ups and downs. It doesn't come with a roadmap, and at times we all find ourselves in difficult situations. As your therapist, I will guide you and support you through these rough times by illuminating the path to healing and wholeness. In the face of life's challenges, our tendency is to cope, adapt and get by. Unfortunately some of these coping mechanisms are outdated and no longer serve us, so we go about life just "getting by". Rather than merely "surviving" you could be thriving.
Life is a journey full of ups and downs. It doesn't come with a roadmap, and at times we all find ourselves in difficult situations. As your therapist, I will guide you and support you through these rough times by illuminating the path to healing and wholeness. In the face of life's challenges, our tendency is to cope, adapt and get by. Unfortunately some of these coping mechanisms are outdated and no longer serve us, so we go about life just "getting by". Rather than merely "surviving" you could be thriving.
(650) 830-3141 View (650) 830-3141
Photo of Susan Light, Psychologist in Menlo Park, CA
Susan Light
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025  (Online Only)
For over 25 years I have worked with children, teens, parents, individual adults and couples facing a wide variety of issues and concerns. As I listen carefully to my clients and their challenges and goals, I choose the therapeutic modalities that best suit each individual and their needs. Whether working with a child in play therapy or teens and adults, I focus on personal strengths as well as struggles. People have described me as active, engaged, perceptive and caring. It is a privilege to accompany and assist people in the important process of discovery, healing, change and growth.
For over 25 years I have worked with children, teens, parents, individual adults and couples facing a wide variety of issues and concerns. As I listen carefully to my clients and their challenges and goals, I choose the therapeutic modalities that best suit each individual and their needs. Whether working with a child in play therapy or teens and adults, I focus on personal strengths as well as struggles. People have described me as active, engaged, perceptive and caring. It is a privilege to accompany and assist people in the important process of discovery, healing, change and growth.
(650) 209-7653 View (650) 209-7653
Photo of Kathryn Hargrove, Marriage & Family Therapist in Menlo Park, CA
Kathryn Hargrove
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Not accepting new clients
I work with individuals from young adulthood through older age, and couples have been a specialty for more than 25 years. Life events and experiences can cause stress, confusion, grief, and myriad other feelings which, when internalized, result in anxiety and depression. Whether seeing couples or individuals, I have found that a combination of insight and understanding, attention to feelings, and cognitive and behavioral change is most effective in addressing both internal and interpersonal conflicts and concerns. I work with people to resolve, heal, accept, and cope with loss, trauma, illness, family, marital and work issues, and more.
I work with individuals from young adulthood through older age, and couples have been a specialty for more than 25 years. Life events and experiences can cause stress, confusion, grief, and myriad other feelings which, when internalized, result in anxiety and depression. Whether seeing couples or individuals, I have found that a combination of insight and understanding, attention to feelings, and cognitive and behavioral change is most effective in addressing both internal and interpersonal conflicts and concerns. I work with people to resolve, heal, accept, and cope with loss, trauma, illness, family, marital and work issues, and more.
(650) 830-7903 View (650) 830-7903
Photo of Denise Lee, Marriage & Family Therapist in Menlo Park, CA
Denise Lee
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025  (Online Only)
Clients have described me as warm, nurturing, and also direct. I tend to engage in more of a collaborative approach identifying what you would like to accomplish and then exploring how we can get you there.
Clients have described me as warm, nurturing, and also direct. I tend to engage in more of a collaborative approach identifying what you would like to accomplish and then exploring how we can get you there.
(510) 288-9436 View (510) 288-9436
Photo of Amy C Friedman, Marriage & Family Therapist in Menlo Park, CA
Amy C Friedman
Marriage & Family Therapist, MBA, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Waitlist for new clients
Older adolescents, adults & couples are all welcome to my practice. In collaboration with you, I will help guide and support you in attaining your therapy goals by understanding the patterns inhibiting your success, happiness and fulfillment. Together we will chart a therapeutic course specific to who you are and what your goals are. I invite feedback and make corrections as needed along the way. My framework is psychodynamic to which I bring training in other theories/techniques, including: Internal Family Systems (IFS), mindfulness, CBT, attachment theory, emotionally focused therapy (EFT), EMDR and trauma focused.
Older adolescents, adults & couples are all welcome to my practice. In collaboration with you, I will help guide and support you in attaining your therapy goals by understanding the patterns inhibiting your success, happiness and fulfillment. Together we will chart a therapeutic course specific to who you are and what your goals are. I invite feedback and make corrections as needed along the way. My framework is psychodynamic to which I bring training in other theories/techniques, including: Internal Family Systems (IFS), mindfulness, CBT, attachment theory, emotionally focused therapy (EFT), EMDR and trauma focused.
(650) 666-0909 View (650) 666-0909
Photo of Cristin Runfola, Psychologist in Menlo Park, CA
Cristin Runfola
Psychologist, PhD, LP
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I provide Telehealth therapy throughout California. In addition to my private practice, I hold a Clinical Associate Professorship at Stanford University where I’m able to wear research, teaching, and supervisory hats. My approach to therapy is personalized integrating information about your unique circumstances with my training to deliver evidence-based practice. I provide trauma-informed individual and couple-based therapy for various issues including eating disorders, anxiety and mood disorders, obsessive and compulsive disorder, transitions, & relationship concerns.
I provide Telehealth therapy throughout California. In addition to my private practice, I hold a Clinical Associate Professorship at Stanford University where I’m able to wear research, teaching, and supervisory hats. My approach to therapy is personalized integrating information about your unique circumstances with my training to deliver evidence-based practice. I provide trauma-informed individual and couple-based therapy for various issues including eating disorders, anxiety and mood disorders, obsessive and compulsive disorder, transitions, & relationship concerns.
(408) 609-3672 View (408) 609-3672
Photo of Dora Shalts-Lastra, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Menlo Park, CA
Dora Shalts-Lastra
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Menlo Park, CA 94025  (Online Only)
Every one of us has an internal wisdom and light that guides us through our life. However, at times, we may get wounded in relation with others, and our inherent beauty gets clouded with pain and symptoms. My goal is to help you find the strength and realization that everything you need is already inside of you. Together, we will identify the sources of your pain and authentic steps to take to thrive. I work with adults 18 and over who would like to improve their quality of life. My 15 years of experience have gifted me expertise in complex relational trauma, as well as issues that women experience across their lifespan.
Every one of us has an internal wisdom and light that guides us through our life. However, at times, we may get wounded in relation with others, and our inherent beauty gets clouded with pain and symptoms. My goal is to help you find the strength and realization that everything you need is already inside of you. Together, we will identify the sources of your pain and authentic steps to take to thrive. I work with adults 18 and over who would like to improve their quality of life. My 15 years of experience have gifted me expertise in complex relational trauma, as well as issues that women experience across their lifespan.
(857) 374-7107 View (857) 374-7107
Photo of Jen Buchholz, Psychologist in Menlo Park, CA
Jen Buchholz
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025  (Online Only)
I am a licensed clinical psychologist (PSY34408) providing individual and couples therapy to adults. I specialize in cognitive behavioral therapy and other evidence-based treatments for anxiety, OCD, trauma-related disorders, and relationship challenges. My approach is nonjudgmental, genuine, and flexible as I support clients in learning new strategies that support their wellbeing. Since we learn best by doing, I approach therapy actively and collaboratively as I encourage clients to try out new ways of relating to themselves and others.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist (PSY34408) providing individual and couples therapy to adults. I specialize in cognitive behavioral therapy and other evidence-based treatments for anxiety, OCD, trauma-related disorders, and relationship challenges. My approach is nonjudgmental, genuine, and flexible as I support clients in learning new strategies that support their wellbeing. Since we learn best by doing, I approach therapy actively and collaboratively as I encourage clients to try out new ways of relating to themselves and others.
(650) 955-4430 View (650) 955-4430
Photo of Michelle Mangiardi, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Menlo Park, CA
Michelle Mangiardi
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC, MA, PPSC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Oftentimes, the first steps in seeking therapy are some of the hardest. I am glad that you are here. Through a humanistic approach and use of evidence-based treatments, I strive to help my clients grow, heal, persevere, and find and harness their inner strength. I am open and warm by nature and am also flexible in working together to meet each of my client's individual needs. I care deeply about the work that I do and use my background working with adults, adolescents, children, and their families to employ my passion for helping others.
Oftentimes, the first steps in seeking therapy are some of the hardest. I am glad that you are here. Through a humanistic approach and use of evidence-based treatments, I strive to help my clients grow, heal, persevere, and find and harness their inner strength. I am open and warm by nature and am also flexible in working together to meet each of my client's individual needs. I care deeply about the work that I do and use my background working with adults, adolescents, children, and their families to employ my passion for helping others.
(650) 505-5363 View (650) 505-5363
Photo of Bruce S Linenberg, Psychologist in Menlo Park, CA
Bruce S Linenberg
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Menlo Park, CA 94025
I'm a Psychologist with an Integrative perspective, comfortable working with a variety of types of people and problems from a variety of perspectives. It is as important to be able to work towards change in the present, as it is to revisit and understand how one's developmental history may be influencing present issues or repeating patterns. I have found truths in many theoretical approaches, and as much from studies outside of Psychology as within it.
I'm a Psychologist with an Integrative perspective, comfortable working with a variety of types of people and problems from a variety of perspectives. It is as important to be able to work towards change in the present, as it is to revisit and understand how one's developmental history may be influencing present issues or repeating patterns. I have found truths in many theoretical approaches, and as much from studies outside of Psychology as within it.
(650) 681-4340 View (650) 681-4340
Photo of Gregory Ross, Marriage & Family Therapist in Menlo Park, CA
Gregory Ross
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025  (Online Only)
Specialized therapy for teens and young adults: Are you the parent of a teenager who is having problems at school, with friends, and/or issues at home? Are you a college student or young adult dealing with issues relating to school, work, relationships, and/or family? I come to therapy with years of corporate business experience and my therapeutic background includes working as a mental health therapist at Los Altos High School in Los Altos, CA, teaching the Heart to Heart seminar at Stanford Children’s Hospital in Palo Alto, CA, and training at the Community Health Awareness Council (CHAC) in Mountain View, CA.
Specialized therapy for teens and young adults: Are you the parent of a teenager who is having problems at school, with friends, and/or issues at home? Are you a college student or young adult dealing with issues relating to school, work, relationships, and/or family? I come to therapy with years of corporate business experience and my therapeutic background includes working as a mental health therapist at Los Altos High School in Los Altos, CA, teaching the Heart to Heart seminar at Stanford Children’s Hospital in Palo Alto, CA, and training at the Community Health Awareness Council (CHAC) in Mountain View, CA.
(650) 449-8111 View (650) 449-8111
Photo of Maria Young, Marriage & Family Therapist in Menlo Park, CA
Maria Young
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025
Maria specializes in providing support to individuals experiencing stress, anxiety (including panic attacks), childhood trauma, PTSD, and depression. Her approach involves working with their reptilian brain to alleviate the fight, flight, or freeze response and help them imagine and create a healthier life. She also helps them learn from their past experiences, enabling them to strengthen themselves. Maria's expertise extends to couples and families from diverse backgrounds, including those who are multicultural, multiracial, and multi-generational.
Maria specializes in providing support to individuals experiencing stress, anxiety (including panic attacks), childhood trauma, PTSD, and depression. Her approach involves working with their reptilian brain to alleviate the fight, flight, or freeze response and help them imagine and create a healthier life. She also helps them learn from their past experiences, enabling them to strengthen themselves. Maria's expertise extends to couples and families from diverse backgrounds, including those who are multicultural, multiracial, and multi-generational.
(650) 995-5283 View (650) 995-5283
Photo of Michelle Brown, Marriage & Family Therapist in Menlo Park, CA
Michelle Brown
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Menlo Park, CA 94025
My professional experience involves providing bilingual psychotherapy to youth and adults impacted by complex trauma, domestic violence, physical and sexual abuse, gang-related trauma, immigration experiences, and acute mental disorders. I utilize an integrative method to assist clients in gaining insight into their defenses and assist them to make changes to improve their quality of life.
My professional experience involves providing bilingual psychotherapy to youth and adults impacted by complex trauma, domestic violence, physical and sexual abuse, gang-related trauma, immigration experiences, and acute mental disorders. I utilize an integrative method to assist clients in gaining insight into their defenses and assist them to make changes to improve their quality of life.
(650) 590-8606 View (650) 590-8606
Photo of Abby Haile, Psychologist in Menlo Park, CA
Abby Haile
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Menlo Park, CA 94025
The human spirit is stronger than anything that can happen to it. -C.C. Scott. We all go through challenges in life, and at times they can seem bigger than our ability to manage. In therapy, we can work together to cultivate the life you want through reducing the grip of depression, anxiety, and stress; healing from grief, loss, past abuse or trauma; regulating your nervous system; developing effective coping skills; improving relationships and communication; and building on your personal strengths. I want to help you to engage with life more fully and to support you in pursuing what you value most.
The human spirit is stronger than anything that can happen to it. -C.C. Scott. We all go through challenges in life, and at times they can seem bigger than our ability to manage. In therapy, we can work together to cultivate the life you want through reducing the grip of depression, anxiety, and stress; healing from grief, loss, past abuse or trauma; regulating your nervous system; developing effective coping skills; improving relationships and communication; and building on your personal strengths. I want to help you to engage with life more fully and to support you in pursuing what you value most.
(650) 646-5541 View (650) 646-5541

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Menlo Park, CA

300+

Average cost per session

$225

Therapists in Menlo Park, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
87% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
70% Self Esteem
66% Stress
63% Trauma and PTSD
62% Grief

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

66% Aetna
44% Cigna and Evernorth
44% Anthem | Elevance

How Therapists in Menlo Park, CA see their clients

63% In Person and Online
37% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Menlo Park?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.