Depression Therapists in Los Angeles, CA

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Photo of Yvette Aragon-Janacua, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Yvette Aragon-Janacua
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90024  (Online Only)
I am a first-generation bilingual Latina therapist of Oaxacan descent. I am passionate about helping others work through current life stressors. I feel blessed to be able to help others in their journey to self-discovery, healing, growth, and fulfillment. I believe in approaching the therapeutic relationship from a place of humility and compassion, above all remaining person-centered. My work has led me to assist folks with working through symptoms of depression, anxiety, trauma, emotional dysregulation, and life stress.
I am a first-generation bilingual Latina therapist of Oaxacan descent. I am passionate about helping others work through current life stressors. I feel blessed to be able to help others in their journey to self-discovery, healing, growth, and fulfillment. I believe in approaching the therapeutic relationship from a place of humility and compassion, above all remaining person-centered. My work has led me to assist folks with working through symptoms of depression, anxiety, trauma, emotional dysregulation, and life stress.
(424) 855-1413 View (424) 855-1413
Photo of Laura Bloomberg, Marriage & Family Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Laura Bloomberg
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90066  (Online Only)
Sometimes, life can be a bit daunting. Between big life decisions, tragedies, and even days when nothing seems to go right, it's easy to get down, anxious, and feel overwhelmed. I work with adults and adolescents who struggle with anxiety, depression, grief, addiction, life's transitions, or need a space of their own to share openly free from bias or judgement.
Sometimes, life can be a bit daunting. Between big life decisions, tragedies, and even days when nothing seems to go right, it's easy to get down, anxious, and feel overwhelmed. I work with adults and adolescents who struggle with anxiety, depression, grief, addiction, life's transitions, or need a space of their own to share openly free from bias or judgement.
(424) 955-4709 View (424) 955-4709
Photo of Janelle Matthews, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Los Angeles, CA
Janelle Matthews
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC, MC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90015
Hello! I am most interested to get to know you. I work with adults across the developmental spectrum who may be suffering, struggling, and seeking. My clinical experience includes treatment to those with depression, anxiety, trauma, substance abuse, psychiatric crisis, intimacy deficits, and sex-related problems. I will assist you in developing a comprehensive understanding of the factors impacting your mental health. Collaboratively, we will establish integrative strategies to alleviate distress, renew capacity for secure attachments, and increase your agency for self-regulation and fulfillment.
Hello! I am most interested to get to know you. I work with adults across the developmental spectrum who may be suffering, struggling, and seeking. My clinical experience includes treatment to those with depression, anxiety, trauma, substance abuse, psychiatric crisis, intimacy deficits, and sex-related problems. I will assist you in developing a comprehensive understanding of the factors impacting your mental health. Collaboratively, we will establish integrative strategies to alleviate distress, renew capacity for secure attachments, and increase your agency for self-regulation and fulfillment.
(213) 486-3616 View (213) 486-3616
Photo of Jeongeun Moon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Jeongeun Moon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90071  (Online Only)
My clients are individuals who are navigating the complexities of trauma, as well as related challenges such as anxiety, depression, and harm OCD. Understanding that each person's experience is unique, I collaborate closely with my clients from the outset to establish tailored therapy goals. In our initial session, we lay the groundwork for our journey together, focusing on objectives that often encompass symptom alleviation, functional enhancement, the development of coping skills, increased self-awareness, and the cultivation of deep, transformative insights.
My clients are individuals who are navigating the complexities of trauma, as well as related challenges such as anxiety, depression, and harm OCD. Understanding that each person's experience is unique, I collaborate closely with my clients from the outset to establish tailored therapy goals. In our initial session, we lay the groundwork for our journey together, focusing on objectives that often encompass symptom alleviation, functional enhancement, the development of coping skills, increased self-awareness, and the cultivation of deep, transformative insights.
(562) 282-9276 View (562) 282-9276
Photo of Barrie Sueskind, Marriage & Family Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Barrie Sueskind
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified
35 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90048  (Online Only)
I specialize in relational challenges, codependency, anxiety, depression, and life purpose.
I offer phone and video sessions to people struggling with relationship challenges or going through an overwhelming life transition. These difficulties can bring about anxiety, hopelessness, and a sense of isolation, but you do not have to face them alone. I want to understand what you are going through, and together, begin to create conditions allowing for change where it would be beneficial. We will determine how to make adversity more manageable, and work toward a sense of competence, relief, and even joy. Taking the first step toward making changes in your life is the beginning of a journey of self-discovery and empowerment.
I specialize in relational challenges, codependency, anxiety, depression, and life purpose.
I offer phone and video sessions to people struggling with relationship challenges or going through an overwhelming life transition. These difficulties can bring about anxiety, hopelessness, and a sense of isolation, but you do not have to face them alone. I want to understand what you are going through, and together, begin to create conditions allowing for change where it would be beneficial. We will determine how to make adversity more manageable, and work toward a sense of competence, relief, and even joy. Taking the first step toward making changes in your life is the beginning of a journey of self-discovery and empowerment.
(424) 255-3617 View (424) 255-3617
Photo of Trennell Palacio, Licensed Professional Counselor in Los Angeles, CA
Trennell Palacio
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, PPSC, LPCC
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90045  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Is your child seeking a safe space for them to process their thoughts and emotions? I specialize with working with young children (6-12), children with disabilities who have behavioral, social emotional difficulties, and adolescents (13-17) who struggle with trauma related issues like anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, stress, and suicidal tendencies. This period of your child's life has the potential to be filled with the best memories of youth and freedom but are often weighed down by anxiety and feelings of sadness.
Is your child seeking a safe space for them to process their thoughts and emotions? I specialize with working with young children (6-12), children with disabilities who have behavioral, social emotional difficulties, and adolescents (13-17) who struggle with trauma related issues like anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, stress, and suicidal tendencies. This period of your child's life has the potential to be filled with the best memories of youth and freedom but are often weighed down by anxiety and feelings of sadness.
(310) 905-5601 View (310) 905-5601
Photo of Stacey Nicklas, Marriage & Family Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Stacey Nicklas
Marriage & Family Therapist, PsyD, LMFT
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90064
Are you feeling anxious or depressed and not quite sure how to move forward? I work with individuals and couples who are struggling in their relationships, at work, or in their personal lives. If you feel stuck or alone, together we can discover ways for you to feel better, take action, and make different choices. Whether we are exploring your thoughts, feelings, habits or relationships, it will be in a non-judgemental and inviting environment. I work in person and virtually and I provide short term and long term therapy. I am a psychotherapist and have advanced training in psychoanalysis and Compassionate Inquiry.
Are you feeling anxious or depressed and not quite sure how to move forward? I work with individuals and couples who are struggling in their relationships, at work, or in their personal lives. If you feel stuck or alone, together we can discover ways for you to feel better, take action, and make different choices. Whether we are exploring your thoughts, feelings, habits or relationships, it will be in a non-judgemental and inviting environment. I work in person and virtually and I provide short term and long term therapy. I am a psychotherapist and have advanced training in psychoanalysis and Compassionate Inquiry.
(424) 369-7368 View (424) 369-7368
Photo of Laura Nelson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Laura Nelson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90044
Hi; My name is Laura Nelson (I go by Lori). I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and have 24 years of experience. I worked in schools as a School Social Worker for 12 years and have worked in the prison system for the last 11 years. My approach to therapy is based on building a relationship of trust, warmth, and acceptance. I have expertise in the areas of autism, anger management, depression, anxiety, personality disorders, and various issues concerning children. I have experience treating adults with depression, anxiety, anger management issues, relationship problems, parenting issues, and stress and time management.
Hi; My name is Laura Nelson (I go by Lori). I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and have 24 years of experience. I worked in schools as a School Social Worker for 12 years and have worked in the prison system for the last 11 years. My approach to therapy is based on building a relationship of trust, warmth, and acceptance. I have expertise in the areas of autism, anger management, depression, anxiety, personality disorders, and various issues concerning children. I have experience treating adults with depression, anxiety, anger management issues, relationship problems, parenting issues, and stress and time management.
(213) 725-2410 View (213) 725-2410
Photo of Nina Gonzaga, Marriage & Family Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Nina Gonzaga
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90042  (Online Only)
I help humans struggling with generational, cultural, and developmental trauma, as well as anxiety and depression.
I hold the sacredness of authenticity, humaning alongside other humans. I focus on working with women, particularly women of color, to show up to the brutal, sweaty, and liberating work of tending to your life while challenging oppressive systems that want humans to stay small. Together, we examine trauma and pain with self-compassion, address avoidance, build vocabulary around emotions to expand your knowing, and work together to enrich relational bonds. I would love to hold space for you! I am licensed and available to work with residents of California and Washington.
I help humans struggling with generational, cultural, and developmental trauma, as well as anxiety and depression.
I hold the sacredness of authenticity, humaning alongside other humans. I focus on working with women, particularly women of color, to show up to the brutal, sweaty, and liberating work of tending to your life while challenging oppressive systems that want humans to stay small. Together, we examine trauma and pain with self-compassion, address avoidance, build vocabulary around emotions to expand your knowing, and work together to enrich relational bonds. I would love to hold space for you! I am licensed and available to work with residents of California and Washington.
(323) 366-3723 View (323) 366-3723
Photo of Emma Thomson, Pre-Licensed Professional in Los Angeles, CA
Emma Thomson
Pre-Licensed Professional, Intern
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90005
I specialize in LGBTQ+ affirming therapy and work to support clients in becoming their authentic selves. In addition, I provide clients with tools and coping skills to best guide them through any unique situations that may come with being a member of the LGBTQ+ community. We live in a world that may or may not understand our experiences and so I aim to provide an understanding and supportive space where you feel seen. Previously I worked as an outpatient mental health clinician serving a range of clients with differing needs. I have experience treating anxiety, depression, mood disorders, PTSD, and psychosis.
I specialize in LGBTQ+ affirming therapy and work to support clients in becoming their authentic selves. In addition, I provide clients with tools and coping skills to best guide them through any unique situations that may come with being a member of the LGBTQ+ community. We live in a world that may or may not understand our experiences and so I aim to provide an understanding and supportive space where you feel seen. Previously I worked as an outpatient mental health clinician serving a range of clients with differing needs. I have experience treating anxiety, depression, mood disorders, PTSD, and psychosis.
(310) 868-0928 View (310) 868-0928
Photo of Robert L Berger, Marriage & Family Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Robert L Berger
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90048
Addictions, hopelessness, self-loathing? All depression and anxiety.
I know a bunch of people who'll tell you that therapy is the best thing that ever happened to them. Not the people you hear talking about their therapists at parties though. Other people. Listen. We humans? We're great at pushing down painful feelings. Old childhood feelings, stuff that's happening today, anything that hurts, we make it disappear. We think. But we're wrong. Things don't disappear. They just get pushed down. This pushing down? We call it depression. The way it feels when we're having trouble keeping things pushed down? That's called anxiety.
Addictions, hopelessness, self-loathing? All depression and anxiety.
I know a bunch of people who'll tell you that therapy is the best thing that ever happened to them. Not the people you hear talking about their therapists at parties though. Other people. Listen. We humans? We're great at pushing down painful feelings. Old childhood feelings, stuff that's happening today, anything that hurts, we make it disappear. We think. But we're wrong. Things don't disappear. They just get pushed down. This pushing down? We call it depression. The way it feels when we're having trouble keeping things pushed down? That's called anxiety.
(323) 428-4191 View (323) 428-4191
Photo of Jennifer Glaser- Psychotherapy For Adults, Marriage & Family Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Jennifer Glaser- Psychotherapy For Adults
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, #47487
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Hi and welcome to my in-person or telehealth practice. Ready for a change? Are you feeling down, anxious, unmotivated or simply unhappy? First know that you are not alone. You have already made the first courageous step toward the positive changes you are seeking. Let's transform your current state into a new life for yourself absent of stress, anxiety, depression and worry. Together we can develop healthy adaptive strategies to support you through life changes, develop strong relationships, and help you connect with your authentic self.
Hi and welcome to my in-person or telehealth practice. Ready for a change? Are you feeling down, anxious, unmotivated or simply unhappy? First know that you are not alone. You have already made the first courageous step toward the positive changes you are seeking. Let's transform your current state into a new life for yourself absent of stress, anxiety, depression and worry. Together we can develop healthy adaptive strategies to support you through life changes, develop strong relationships, and help you connect with your authentic self.
(424) 370-0943 View (424) 370-0943
Photo of Esther Bang, Psychologist in Los Angeles, CA
Esther Bang
Psychologist, PsyD, PhD
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90001
My specialty is in working with adults who struggle with depression, anxiety, cultural issues, ethnic identity, and integration of psychology and Christian faith.
Often times we experience distress in life without understanding the factors that may contribute to it. We become overwhelmed and frustrated as we try to navigate life's challenges on our own and experience tremendous emotional pain. I am a psychologist with 20 years of clinical experience. My goal is to help you explore obstacles to your growth, gain insight, and provide support and guidance to make necessary changes to alleviate emotional pain, gain self-esteem, and improve your quality of life.
My specialty is in working with adults who struggle with depression, anxiety, cultural issues, ethnic identity, and integration of psychology and Christian faith.
Often times we experience distress in life without understanding the factors that may contribute to it. We become overwhelmed and frustrated as we try to navigate life's challenges on our own and experience tremendous emotional pain. I am a psychologist with 20 years of clinical experience. My goal is to help you explore obstacles to your growth, gain insight, and provide support and guidance to make necessary changes to alleviate emotional pain, gain self-esteem, and improve your quality of life.
(213) 444-4238 View (213) 444-4238
Photo of Benjamin Cole, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Los Angeles, CA
Benjamin Cole
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90031  (Online Only)
In my experience, suffering thrives in isolation. That’s why it can be so helpful to talk about your experience with someone. As a trained professional, I'll work with you to process your anxiety, grief, shame, and depression. I want to help you trust your feelings and body, grow your self-acceptance, and learn how to be both creative and flexible in the face of the inevitable hardships of life.
In my experience, suffering thrives in isolation. That’s why it can be so helpful to talk about your experience with someone. As a trained professional, I'll work with you to process your anxiety, grief, shame, and depression. I want to help you trust your feelings and body, grow your self-acceptance, and learn how to be both creative and flexible in the face of the inevitable hardships of life.
(323) 615-3441 View (323) 615-3441
Photo of Jene' E Verchick, Psychologist in Los Angeles, CA
Jene' E Verchick
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Therapy is a deeply personal process. My approach is to help you to understand the parts of yourself that currently limit your ability to achieve intimacy in relationships, self awareness and insight. I work primarily with patients suffering from depression and other mood disorders, as well as trauma, obsessive compulsive and other anxiety disorders.
Therapy is a deeply personal process. My approach is to help you to understand the parts of yourself that currently limit your ability to achieve intimacy in relationships, self awareness and insight. I work primarily with patients suffering from depression and other mood disorders, as well as trauma, obsessive compulsive and other anxiety disorders.
(424) 543-9615 View (424) 543-9615
Photo of Judith Crane Psychotherapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Judith Crane Psychotherapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LPCC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90064
alleviate anxiety and depression.
Strength Hope Resiliency Positivity Gratitude Healing These are key concepts that I highlight in my work as a Marriage and Family Therapist. I have been working over 15 years as a clinician with people from age 14 to 90 and their families. The issues brought to me most often include substance use disorder, depression, anxiety, personality disorders, trauma, grief and loss and difficulties in relationships. My approach is one of collaboration and a compassionate attitude toward the person to develop a good rapport and a mutual understanding of the goals for treatment. My techniques are tailored to the person
alleviate anxiety and depression.
Strength Hope Resiliency Positivity Gratitude Healing These are key concepts that I highlight in my work as a Marriage and Family Therapist. I have been working over 15 years as a clinician with people from age 14 to 90 and their families. The issues brought to me most often include substance use disorder, depression, anxiety, personality disorders, trauma, grief and loss and difficulties in relationships. My approach is one of collaboration and a compassionate attitude toward the person to develop a good rapport and a mutual understanding of the goals for treatment. My techniques are tailored to the person
(562) 354-8182 View (562) 354-8182
Photo of Patrick Griffiths, Marriage & Family Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Patrick Griffiths
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90018
My name is Patrick Griffiths. I am currently licensed as a Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) and Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC). I provide telehealth services to anyone living in California. My approach to therapy is that I am your guide on this journey. My focused area of practice is providing services to individuals, couples, and families. I have 18 years of experience as a therapist, working with a variety of clients. The clients I typically see struggle with symptoms of depression, anxiety, low self-worth, difficulty controlling impulses, lack of purpose and meaning, and job and/or family stress.
My name is Patrick Griffiths. I am currently licensed as a Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) and Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC). I provide telehealth services to anyone living in California. My approach to therapy is that I am your guide on this journey. My focused area of practice is providing services to individuals, couples, and families. I have 18 years of experience as a therapist, working with a variety of clients. The clients I typically see struggle with symptoms of depression, anxiety, low self-worth, difficulty controlling impulses, lack of purpose and meaning, and job and/or family stress.
(323) 827-7570 View (323) 827-7570
Photo of Lynn Easley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Lynn Easley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90036  (Online Only)
For many people, a symptom is initially what brings them into therapy: relationship stress, anxiety, depression, perhaps an addiction. This symptom lets one know that life in its current arrangement is not working. For any number of reasons - trauma, loss - one's true nature has been diminished, co-opted, denied. It can give one a sense of feeling unrelated to one's life.
For many people, a symptom is initially what brings them into therapy: relationship stress, anxiety, depression, perhaps an addiction. This symptom lets one know that life in its current arrangement is not working. For any number of reasons - trauma, loss - one's true nature has been diminished, co-opted, denied. It can give one a sense of feeling unrelated to one's life.
(323) 498-2898 View (323) 498-2898
Photo of Ann Anderson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Los Angeles, CA
Ann Anderson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90026
Nobody’s childhood dream was to grow up and feel overwhelmed, alone, stuck or unworthy. I aim to help individuals heal from trauma-related issues such as anxiety, depression, and relationship/family issues. If you find yourself living without a navigation system to understand emotional terrain or trauma that impacts your well-being; you are not alone. All of us go through rough patches in our lives. My approach is specific to meet your unique needs in a safe and non-judgemental space.
Nobody’s childhood dream was to grow up and feel overwhelmed, alone, stuck or unworthy. I aim to help individuals heal from trauma-related issues such as anxiety, depression, and relationship/family issues. If you find yourself living without a navigation system to understand emotional terrain or trauma that impacts your well-being; you are not alone. All of us go through rough patches in our lives. My approach is specific to meet your unique needs in a safe and non-judgemental space.
(818) 230-4431 View (818) 230-4431
Photo of Dr. Hadi Estakhri in Los Angeles, CA
Dr. Hadi Estakhri
MD,
Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90036
E was trained at several well-regarded institutions, including Mclean Hospital and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, where he received specialized education in psychopharmacology for depression, ADHD, and bipolar disorder, as well as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for treatment-resistant depression.
Hadi Estakhri, MD — or Dr. E as his patients know him — is a double board-certified, Harvard-trained psychiatrist practicing at Allied Psychiatry and Mental Health in Newport Beach, California. He offers customized, patient-focused treatments to address the unique needs and circumstances of each patient. With more than two decades of professional experience, he has vast proficiency in the mental health field. His expertise is in treating a wide range of psychiatric and addictive disorders in both adult and adolescents.
E was trained at several well-regarded institutions, including Mclean Hospital and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, where he received specialized education in psychopharmacology for depression, ADHD, and bipolar disorder, as well as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for treatment-resistant depression.
Hadi Estakhri, MD — or Dr. E as his patients know him — is a double board-certified, Harvard-trained psychiatrist practicing at Allied Psychiatry and Mental Health in Newport Beach, California. He offers customized, patient-focused treatments to address the unique needs and circumstances of each patient. With more than two decades of professional experience, he has vast proficiency in the mental health field. His expertise is in treating a wide range of psychiatric and addictive disorders in both adult and adolescents.
(323) 306-4331 View (323) 306-4331

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Depression Therapists

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognize and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioral activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.