Therapists in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA

Photo of Judy Victor, Marriage & Family Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Judy Victor
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90025
Life can be difficult. Often, we are faced with issues and circumstances that can be challenging at best, and most of us were not taught the skills to help us successfully navigate through our experiences. We feel the pressure to please others while forgoing our own needs & feelings. We all want to feel more joy in our lives, but we don't always know how to achieve it.
Life can be difficult. Often, we are faced with issues and circumstances that can be challenging at best, and most of us were not taught the skills to help us successfully navigate through our experiences. We feel the pressure to please others while forgoing our own needs & feelings. We all want to feel more joy in our lives, but we don't always know how to achieve it.
(323) 545-4752 View (323) 545-4752
Photo of Jon Century, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Jon Century
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90034
What meaning are you making about your struggles? It seems that we are meaning-making creatures constantly trying to make sense of our experiences and what happens to us through a complex multilayered personalized lens of meaning-making. A lens affected by cultural, societal, religious & spiritual beliefs–to name a few–and it serves as our internal GPS navigating us, as best as we can, through our life’s many challenges. Our unique individual approach to meaning-making also becomes the breeding ground of the stories we create and articulate about our life. However, sometimes the Stories We Create Cause More Pain Than The Experience.
What meaning are you making about your struggles? It seems that we are meaning-making creatures constantly trying to make sense of our experiences and what happens to us through a complex multilayered personalized lens of meaning-making. A lens affected by cultural, societal, religious & spiritual beliefs–to name a few–and it serves as our internal GPS navigating us, as best as we can, through our life’s many challenges. Our unique individual approach to meaning-making also becomes the breeding ground of the stories we create and articulate about our life. However, sometimes the Stories We Create Cause More Pain Than The Experience.
(310) 561-1685 View (310) 561-1685
Photo of Ronna Spiegel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Ronna Spiegel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90034  (Online Only)
Are you a woman grappling with the challenges of parenting, career shifts, or family dynamics? Maybe you’re navigating relationship challenges or the career question of "what’s next?" Life's unexpected twists and turns can leave even the most grounded feeling overwhelmed and anxious. Wherever you are in your life’s journey, I am here to partner with you as you tackle the barriers that may be preventing you from living the life you want. Let's work together to develop the skills and awareness you need to navigate life's transitions and it's ups and downs and with confidence and resilience. I look forward to working with you.
Are you a woman grappling with the challenges of parenting, career shifts, or family dynamics? Maybe you’re navigating relationship challenges or the career question of "what’s next?" Life's unexpected twists and turns can leave even the most grounded feeling overwhelmed and anxious. Wherever you are in your life’s journey, I am here to partner with you as you tackle the barriers that may be preventing you from living the life you want. Let's work together to develop the skills and awareness you need to navigate life's transitions and it's ups and downs and with confidence and resilience. I look forward to working with you.
(323) 641-4732 View (323) 641-4732
Photo of Hannah Bystritsky Johnson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Hannah Bystritsky Johnson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024
Life is filled with challenges that can sometimes feel like too much for any one person to manage on their own. If you’re struggling with rumination, anxiety or overwhelming sadness, you may also be feeling alone with it. Maybe you’re starting to feel like you have a problem that cannot be solved. I’m here to walk along side you and provide a safe place to explore what is underneath. Together we will work towards reaching your goals. My passion is helping others maximize their strengths, enhance their well-being, and learn tools for coping with life's challenges.
Life is filled with challenges that can sometimes feel like too much for any one person to manage on their own. If you’re struggling with rumination, anxiety or overwhelming sadness, you may also be feeling alone with it. Maybe you’re starting to feel like you have a problem that cannot be solved. I’m here to walk along side you and provide a safe place to explore what is underneath. Together we will work towards reaching your goals. My passion is helping others maximize their strengths, enhance their well-being, and learn tools for coping with life's challenges.
(310) 929-6279 View (310) 929-6279
Photo of Lisa Perlson, Marriage & Family Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Lisa Perlson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, OTD, OTR/L
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90064  (Online Only)
My ideal client is likely a parent experiencing challenges in understanding and meeting their child's developmental needs. They seek guidance in fostering a nurturing family environment while balancing their own personal and professional responsibilities. They desire support in navigating parenting complexities with empathy and practical strategies tailored to their child's unique requirements while aiming to enhance their parenting skills, strengthen family bonds, and promote their child's development. Ultimately, they seek to create a harmonious and fulfilling family life, where both parent and child thrive.
My ideal client is likely a parent experiencing challenges in understanding and meeting their child's developmental needs. They seek guidance in fostering a nurturing family environment while balancing their own personal and professional responsibilities. They desire support in navigating parenting complexities with empathy and practical strategies tailored to their child's unique requirements while aiming to enhance their parenting skills, strengthen family bonds, and promote their child's development. Ultimately, they seek to create a harmonious and fulfilling family life, where both parent and child thrive.
(310) 620-9490 View (310) 620-9490
Photo of Dr. Yamonte Cooper, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Dr. Yamonte Cooper
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, EdD, LPCC, NCC, CST
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90025
Are you desperate to feel love and connection in your relationship while feeling hopeless and alone? Do you feel anxious or sad? Maybe you want to strengthen your relationship? Do you want to have greater communication and understanding? Maybe your relationship needs a shift to create change and healing? Are you tired of suffering and being in pain? If so, I would like to collaborate and help you with your relationship or individually while empowering you to live your best life!
Are you desperate to feel love and connection in your relationship while feeling hopeless and alone? Do you feel anxious or sad? Maybe you want to strengthen your relationship? Do you want to have greater communication and understanding? Maybe your relationship needs a shift to create change and healing? Are you tired of suffering and being in pain? If so, I would like to collaborate and help you with your relationship or individually while empowering you to live your best life!
(310) 912-7610 View (310) 912-7610
Photo of Noelle Stanfield, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Noelle Stanfield
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90034  (Online Only)
Do you feel stressed, overwhelmed, or isolated? Are you someone who is constantly triggered by the past and has difficulty maintaining relationships? Or maybe you experience crippling anxiety thinking about your future? If this sounds like you, I want to help! I believe everyone deserves to have a safe space, free of judgment, to unpack those self-doubts, insecurities, and feelings that have often been present since childhood, affecting how you show up in the world day to day. As a therapist, I have over 12 years of training and experience helping adolescents and adults with trauma, grief, life transitions, and relationship issues.
Do you feel stressed, overwhelmed, or isolated? Are you someone who is constantly triggered by the past and has difficulty maintaining relationships? Or maybe you experience crippling anxiety thinking about your future? If this sounds like you, I want to help! I believe everyone deserves to have a safe space, free of judgment, to unpack those self-doubts, insecurities, and feelings that have often been present since childhood, affecting how you show up in the world day to day. As a therapist, I have over 12 years of training and experience helping adolescents and adults with trauma, grief, life transitions, and relationship issues.
(424) 622-6013 View (424) 622-6013
Photo of Jeff Chenoweth, Marriage & Family Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Jeff Chenoweth
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90025
Looking for help with emotional obstacles? You may be carrying extra baggage, repeating unproductive thought or behavior patterns, and feeling stuck in life. Struggling with the negative effects of substance use? What if you could address these issues and make positive changes? How would it feel to accept yourself fully? To leave behind what is no longer serving you? To be creative and take risks that help you move forward? Confidently find ways to accommodate the new and different. Overcome obstacles and grow into the life you are meant to have.
Looking for help with emotional obstacles? You may be carrying extra baggage, repeating unproductive thought or behavior patterns, and feeling stuck in life. Struggling with the negative effects of substance use? What if you could address these issues and make positive changes? How would it feel to accept yourself fully? To leave behind what is no longer serving you? To be creative and take risks that help you move forward? Confidently find ways to accommodate the new and different. Overcome obstacles and grow into the life you are meant to have.
(310) 231-6756 View (310) 231-6756
Photo of Jessica Fox, Marriage & Family Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Jessica Fox
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90025
Therapy is designed to tailor to the individual. Your problem is not too big or too small. You do not need a "real" reason or a "good" reason to seek therapy. If you are searching for a therapist, you have decided something in your life is not working the way you want it to. Give yourself permission to find out what that is and begin imagining how your life could change.
Therapy is designed to tailor to the individual. Your problem is not too big or too small. You do not need a "real" reason or a "good" reason to seek therapy. If you are searching for a therapist, you have decided something in your life is not working the way you want it to. Give yourself permission to find out what that is and begin imagining how your life could change.
(310) 564-1420 View (310) 564-1420
Photo of Louise Dixon De Silva, Psychologist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Louise Dixon De Silva
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90035  (Online Only)
Dr. Dixon De Silva is an expert in helping her clients manage and overcome a wide range of mental health problems including anxiety and depression, emotion deregulation problems, suicide and self-harm thoughts, and trauma. She is also a specialist in reproductive mental health treatment for perinatal mood and anxiety disorders, infertility, PMS and PMDD, sexual dysfunction, and sexual trauma.
Dr. Dixon De Silva is an expert in helping her clients manage and overcome a wide range of mental health problems including anxiety and depression, emotion deregulation problems, suicide and self-harm thoughts, and trauma. She is also a specialist in reproductive mental health treatment for perinatal mood and anxiety disorders, infertility, PMS and PMDD, sexual dysfunction, and sexual trauma.
(424) 788-5356 View (424) 788-5356
Photo of Jessica Hinojosa, Marriage & Family Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Jessica Hinojosa
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90034  (Online Only)
I specialize in women’s issues including self-esteem issues, relationship issues, anxiety, depression, trauma. I help empower women to feel confident and healed. I can be booked on my website. I have worked with hundreds of women who seek to become the best version of themselves and I have helped them live the life they are worthy of. My approach is a unique one that blends mindfulness, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and solution-focused therapy. I am confident I can help you feel more empowered & confident.
I specialize in women’s issues including self-esteem issues, relationship issues, anxiety, depression, trauma. I help empower women to feel confident and healed. I can be booked on my website. I have worked with hundreds of women who seek to become the best version of themselves and I have helped them live the life they are worthy of. My approach is a unique one that blends mindfulness, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and solution-focused therapy. I am confident I can help you feel more empowered & confident.
(559) 364-9375 View (559) 364-9375
Photo of Marcia Margolis, Marriage & Family Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Marcia Margolis
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90064
Are you dealing with life threatening illness? Would you like to recapture sexual intimacy in your relationship? Are you having relationship, grief or divorce struggles? Having experienced the grief and loss brought forward by my spouse's terminal illness, I have developed strong insights to help my clients: * Live with illness * Recapture sexual intimacy * Live a full life after divorce or widowhood * Sustain deeper intimate relationships, and * Gain autonomy
Are you dealing with life threatening illness? Would you like to recapture sexual intimacy in your relationship? Are you having relationship, grief or divorce struggles? Having experienced the grief and loss brought forward by my spouse's terminal illness, I have developed strong insights to help my clients: * Live with illness * Recapture sexual intimacy * Live a full life after divorce or widowhood * Sustain deeper intimate relationships, and * Gain autonomy
(310) 945-2910 View (310) 945-2910
Photo of David M White, Psychologist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
David M White
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90025
How does "therapy" work? Psychotherapy works by helping you look at feelings, thoughts and behavior in situations which you find problematic. It helps you to learn more effective ways in dealing with those situations. Psychotherapy is a collaborative effort. You and I will identify your goals -- what you want to have happen, and agree on how you'll know when you're making progress. I will talk to you about the length of time it may take to help you see changes. Progress, and change, can happen.
How does "therapy" work? Psychotherapy works by helping you look at feelings, thoughts and behavior in situations which you find problematic. It helps you to learn more effective ways in dealing with those situations. Psychotherapy is a collaborative effort. You and I will identify your goals -- what you want to have happen, and agree on how you'll know when you're making progress. I will talk to you about the length of time it may take to help you see changes. Progress, and change, can happen.
(310) 390-5306 View (310) 390-5306
Photo of Drew Mirman, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Drew Mirman
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90025
Therapy can be daunting for some and feel like home for others. My goal of working with you is to meet you where you are at, and foster an environment of warmth, safety, and understanding that enables us to grow together.
Therapy can be daunting for some and feel like home for others. My goal of working with you is to meet you where you are at, and foster an environment of warmth, safety, and understanding that enables us to grow together.
(323) 997-8223 View (323) 997-8223
Photo of Joseph Assouline, Psychologist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Joseph Assouline
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90035  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Dr. Assouline (Dr. A). Welcome to my Psychology Today page. My role as a psychotherapist involves joining you in uncovering underlying stressors as well as your strengths in order to create change. Life's challenges can be difficult and can even seem impossible to overcome. We may not know it in the moment but I believe we all have the strength and freedom within us to make choices that will help us meet these challenges.
Hello, I'm Dr. Assouline (Dr. A). Welcome to my Psychology Today page. My role as a psychotherapist involves joining you in uncovering underlying stressors as well as your strengths in order to create change. Life's challenges can be difficult and can even seem impossible to overcome. We may not know it in the moment but I believe we all have the strength and freedom within us to make choices that will help us meet these challenges.
(310) 715-8551 View (310) 715-8551
Photo of Speakeasy Therapy, Marriage & Family Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Speakeasy Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90034
Welcome to Speakeasy Therapy. I know how much courage it takes to make this first step. But once you do, I'll be with you the rest of the way. I am a relational therapist. My goal for you is that you feel consistently supported through the highs and lows of your therapy journey. I'll bring the skill and support, you bring the material, and together we uncover and remove blocks to authenticity, loving & connected relationships, and a fulfilling life. I am LGBTQIA+, kink, and poly affirming.
Welcome to Speakeasy Therapy. I know how much courage it takes to make this first step. But once you do, I'll be with you the rest of the way. I am a relational therapist. My goal for you is that you feel consistently supported through the highs and lows of your therapy journey. I'll bring the skill and support, you bring the material, and together we uncover and remove blocks to authenticity, loving & connected relationships, and a fulfilling life. I am LGBTQIA+, kink, and poly affirming.
(424) 368-9967 View (424) 368-9967
Photo of Bridges Therapy Group of CA, Marriage & Family Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Bridges Therapy Group of CA
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LCSW, AMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90024  (Online Only)
At Bridges Therapy Group of California, we’re dedicated to matching you with the perfect therapist for you and ensuring that your insurance will truly pay for your sessions. We are contracted, in-network providers with all the insurers listed below. We verify your benefits before you start so there are no surprises to you.
At Bridges Therapy Group of California, we’re dedicated to matching you with the perfect therapist for you and ensuring that your insurance will truly pay for your sessions. We are contracted, in-network providers with all the insurers listed below. We verify your benefits before you start so there are no surprises to you.
(805) 669-9451 View (805) 669-9451
Photo of Leah Turano, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Leah Turano
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, APCC
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90034
I believe that we are holistic, interdependent, relational beings, more than the sum of our parts with deep complexity. I value the here and now and I am deeply committed to helping folks be fully alive in their bodies, relationships, and work. It is an honor to witness clients uncovering their own truth and live it. I incorporate the deeper aspects of clients’ history, personality, aspirations and context to assist unlocking their potential for living a fully expressed life. The body and nervous system, along with the mind, are used to facilitate healing and growth which is not always available in traditional talk therapy.
I believe that we are holistic, interdependent, relational beings, more than the sum of our parts with deep complexity. I value the here and now and I am deeply committed to helping folks be fully alive in their bodies, relationships, and work. It is an honor to witness clients uncovering their own truth and live it. I incorporate the deeper aspects of clients’ history, personality, aspirations and context to assist unlocking their potential for living a fully expressed life. The body and nervous system, along with the mind, are used to facilitate healing and growth which is not always available in traditional talk therapy.
(310) 929-6265 View (310) 929-6265
Photo of Raphael Gunner, Psychologist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Raphael Gunner
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90064
Do you want more from your life? More joy? More hope? More peace? I combine my knowledge of psychology, yoga, and meditation to help my clients lead happier lives. Together we'll explore your thoughts, feelings, and actions in a safe, compassionate, and mindful environment. In this way you'll learn to let go of the past, to move into the present, and to build a more prosperous and satisfying future.
Do you want more from your life? More joy? More hope? More peace? I combine my knowledge of psychology, yoga, and meditation to help my clients lead happier lives. Together we'll explore your thoughts, feelings, and actions in a safe, compassionate, and mindful environment. In this way you'll learn to let go of the past, to move into the present, and to build a more prosperous and satisfying future.
(424) 625-3753 View (424) 625-3753
Photo of Anahid Mosala, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Anahid Mosala
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90034  (Online Only)
Anxiety, depression and trauma can have a ripple effect throughout your whole life felt far beyond the obvious symptoms themselves. Perhaps you experience a paralyzing level of perfectionism or maybe you overschedule yourself to avoid thinking and feeling. Trauma can manifest itself in many ways and can have a significant impact on your daily life. In my practice, I specialize in working with young adults, individuals with childhood trauma and adult survivors of sexual and gender based violence with a focus on navigating daily life, relationships and boundaries to overcome these difficulties.
Anxiety, depression and trauma can have a ripple effect throughout your whole life felt far beyond the obvious symptoms themselves. Perhaps you experience a paralyzing level of perfectionism or maybe you overschedule yourself to avoid thinking and feeling. Trauma can manifest itself in many ways and can have a significant impact on your daily life. In my practice, I specialize in working with young adults, individuals with childhood trauma and adult survivors of sexual and gender based violence with a focus on navigating daily life, relationships and boundaries to overcome these difficulties.
(310) 361-4532 View (310) 361-4532

See more therapy options for West Los Angeles, Los Angeles

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA

500+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
90% Depression
75% Relationship Issues
71% Trauma and PTSD
70% Stress
66% Life Transitions
64% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% Aetna
59% Anthem | Elevance
53% MHN | Health Net

How Therapists in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA see their clients

55% In Person and Online
45% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
23% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in West Los Angeles, Los Angeles?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.