Therapists in Century City, Los Angeles, CA

Photo of P. Michael Mastrofrancesco, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
P. Michael Mastrofrancesco
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MFA
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90025
I have found that most people possess the necessary tools to improve their quality of life and simply need someone else to highlight them. I have a warm, direct style and utilize humor, when appropriate, to explore challenges and collaborate on ways to live one’s most fulfilled life. I use an experiential and intuitive approach to help clients develop the best possible relationships with themselves and others.
I have found that most people possess the necessary tools to improve their quality of life and simply need someone else to highlight them. I have a warm, direct style and utilize humor, when appropriate, to explore challenges and collaborate on ways to live one’s most fulfilled life. I use an experiential and intuitive approach to help clients develop the best possible relationships with themselves and others.
(310) 773-0260 View (310) 773-0260
Photo of Julianne Lynn Legon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Julianne Lynn Legon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LMSW
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90025
Are you feeling anxious and worried? Or, that you're living life in a fog? You know something isn't right, but you don't know what or where to begin. Good news... you are here and that shows courage and willingness to act! With more than twenty years of experience meeting with people dealing with anxiety and depression, I’ve come to understand just how lonely and isolating living this way can feel. You don’t have to feel this way. We'll explore the origin of the pain you're experiencing and get you back on track.
Are you feeling anxious and worried? Or, that you're living life in a fog? You know something isn't right, but you don't know what or where to begin. Good news... you are here and that shows courage and willingness to act! With more than twenty years of experience meeting with people dealing with anxiety and depression, I’ve come to understand just how lonely and isolating living this way can feel. You don’t have to feel this way. We'll explore the origin of the pain you're experiencing and get you back on track.
(310) 928-2596 View (310) 928-2596
Photo of Harriett Bay & Associates Educational Consultant , Marriage & Family Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Harriett Bay & Associates Educational Consultant
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067
I am often the last person parents contact when everything else has failed their child. The majority of my referrals come from other therapists and schools. I believe my depth of experience and compassion is heard by all my clients. Each child and family is unique and that is how I approach my clients. I prefer seeing people in person but I am available virtually and work with people all over the country..
I am often the last person parents contact when everything else has failed their child. The majority of my referrals come from other therapists and schools. I believe my depth of experience and compassion is heard by all my clients. Each child and family is unique and that is how I approach my clients. I prefer seeing people in person but I am available virtually and work with people all over the country..
(323) 310-9232 View (323) 310-9232
Photo of Finding Serenity Therapy Services, Marriage & Family Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Finding Serenity Therapy Services
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067
Have you been moving through life wearing the mask for the role you’re playing. The constant struggle to ‘be more,’ ‘be better’ to hide your needs behind a veil of ‘who you’re supposed to be’ is exhausting. You could be experiencing anxiety, stress, and difficult life transitions-you could be struggling with grief or loss-but one thing is certain-the masks you’re wearing are keeping you from the life you want. You’re not alone. Acknowledging the experiences, situations, and history that led you here is the first step to healing. We believe you have the power within you to make a change that will transform your life so you can
Have you been moving through life wearing the mask for the role you’re playing. The constant struggle to ‘be more,’ ‘be better’ to hide your needs behind a veil of ‘who you’re supposed to be’ is exhausting. You could be experiencing anxiety, stress, and difficult life transitions-you could be struggling with grief or loss-but one thing is certain-the masks you’re wearing are keeping you from the life you want. You’re not alone. Acknowledging the experiences, situations, and history that led you here is the first step to healing. We believe you have the power within you to make a change that will transform your life so you can
(323) 861-3935 View (323) 861-3935
Photo of Janna Spiegel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Janna Spiegel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067  (Online Only)
As a licensed therapist specializing in working with young adult and college-aged women, I understand the unique challenges and opportunities you face. From academic pressures and career exploration to relationship dynamics and personal growth, this stage of life can be both exciting and overwhelming. My approach is rooted in collaboration and empowerment. I believe in creating a safe and supportive space where you can openly explore your thoughts, feelings, and experiences without judgment. Let's work together to develop the skills and self awareness needed to navigate life's transitions with confidence and resilience.
As a licensed therapist specializing in working with young adult and college-aged women, I understand the unique challenges and opportunities you face. From academic pressures and career exploration to relationship dynamics and personal growth, this stage of life can be both exciting and overwhelming. My approach is rooted in collaboration and empowerment. I believe in creating a safe and supportive space where you can openly explore your thoughts, feelings, and experiences without judgment. Let's work together to develop the skills and self awareness needed to navigate life's transitions with confidence and resilience.
(562) 582-8603 View (562) 582-8603
Photo of Johnny Kim, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Johnny Kim
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067  (Online Only)
Do you ever feel you're drifting through life, not fulfilled or passionate about your relationships, purpose, or career like you used to? Whether it be due to past traumas, toxic and abusive relationships, or lack of self-worth and purpose. Sometimes, we can come to a point in our lives where we feel we're constantly under stress, bored, disconnected, stagnant, and insignificant. If you can resonate with any of these feelings I want to work with you, and create a new sense of fulfillment and passion back into your life, relationships, and career. My approach is direct, clear, and practical with no judgments or shame.
Do you ever feel you're drifting through life, not fulfilled or passionate about your relationships, purpose, or career like you used to? Whether it be due to past traumas, toxic and abusive relationships, or lack of self-worth and purpose. Sometimes, we can come to a point in our lives where we feel we're constantly under stress, bored, disconnected, stagnant, and insignificant. If you can resonate with any of these feelings I want to work with you, and create a new sense of fulfillment and passion back into your life, relationships, and career. My approach is direct, clear, and practical with no judgments or shame.
View
Photo of Nadine R Rayburn, Psychologist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Nadine R Rayburn
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067
Do you struggle with anxiety or depression? Are you constantly stressed out? Do you worry all the time? Are your health concerns keeping you up all night? ​Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can be effective in treating these and many other problems.
Do you struggle with anxiety or depression? Are you constantly stressed out? Do you worry all the time? Are your health concerns keeping you up all night? ​Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) can be effective in treating these and many other problems.
(323) 677-0978 View (323) 677-0978
Photo of Mescal Wasilewski, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Mescal Wasilewski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067  (Online Only)
I’ve worked in the field of addiction and mental health for over 20 years, helping to treat clients with a range of diagnosis and difficulties. Much of my work has been with those suffering from addiction and various mental health issues, as well as extensive work with adolescent clients.
I’ve worked in the field of addiction and mental health for over 20 years, helping to treat clients with a range of diagnosis and difficulties. Much of my work has been with those suffering from addiction and various mental health issues, as well as extensive work with adolescent clients.
(844) 271-7282 View (844) 271-7282
Photo of Odette Dahi, Marriage & Family Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Odette Dahi
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CCHt, Mscd
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067
My dear future client, welcome to my page. I am here to help you heal your soul and heart. Maybe you are feeling some unresolved issues and need an empathic professional to listen. Maybe you are tired of talking and you just want to heal your energy. Maybe you are just looking for something out of the box because your soul is seeking something higher. Well, you are definitely in the right place.
My dear future client, welcome to my page. I am here to help you heal your soul and heart. Maybe you are feeling some unresolved issues and need an empathic professional to listen. Maybe you are tired of talking and you just want to heal your energy. Maybe you are just looking for something out of the box because your soul is seeking something higher. Well, you are definitely in the right place.
(424) 372-0836 View (424) 372-0836
Photo of Ross Kellogg, Marriage & Family Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Ross Kellogg
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067  (Online Only)
Are you noticing patterns in your feelings or relationships that you want to change? You might be able to pinpoint some past experiences that are influencing life today, or maybe you just know something is “off.”. You’re noticing the same arguments with your partner or the same feelings of anxiety or depression crop up, even though you’ve tried to change them on your own. You feel like you bend over backwards for others at home or work, sometimes at the expense of your own wants and needs. You want to get back to a place of connection and confidence in life and experience the freedom and peace that’s missing right now.
Are you noticing patterns in your feelings or relationships that you want to change? You might be able to pinpoint some past experiences that are influencing life today, or maybe you just know something is “off.”. You’re noticing the same arguments with your partner or the same feelings of anxiety or depression crop up, even though you’ve tried to change them on your own. You feel like you bend over backwards for others at home or work, sometimes at the expense of your own wants and needs. You want to get back to a place of connection and confidence in life and experience the freedom and peace that’s missing right now.
(323) 990-8121 View (323) 990-8121
Stuart S Riskin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who has been practicing for over 25 years. My professional experience as a clinician, supervisor, and educator in both the public and private sectors has equipped me with a unique set of skills, a wealth of knowledge, and clinical expertise to support and facilitate my clients’ personal growth and development.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who has been practicing for over 25 years. My professional experience as a clinician, supervisor, and educator in both the public and private sectors has equipped me with a unique set of skills, a wealth of knowledge, and clinical expertise to support and facilitate my clients’ personal growth and development.
(323) 991-9095 View (323) 991-9095
Photo of Rob Goldblatt, Psychologist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Rob Goldblatt
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90064
Dr. Rob Goldblatt has practiced in clinical psychology for over twenty years specializing in Cognitive Behavioral Treatment, Couples, Parenting, Stress, Panic, Anxiety, Fears of flying, elevators, Psychological Issues related to Illness and Injury, Tinnitus, Sexual and Desire Problems. His approach is characterized by his clear straightforward answers and distillation of complex issues, caring and warmth, informality, directness, pragmatism, and infectious humor. He has deep and broad experience with in treatment of people of all ages and is as great with small children as he is with people in the mid-life and people exploring the last third of their lives.
Dr. Rob Goldblatt has practiced in clinical psychology for over twenty years specializing in Cognitive Behavioral Treatment, Couples, Parenting, Stress, Panic, Anxiety, Fears of flying, elevators, Psychological Issues related to Illness and Injury, Tinnitus, Sexual and Desire Problems. His approach is characterized by his clear straightforward answers and distillation of complex issues, caring and warmth, informality, directness, pragmatism, and infectious humor. He has deep and broad experience with in treatment of people of all ages and is as great with small children as he is with people in the mid-life and people exploring the last third of their lives.
(310) 945-2761 View (310) 945-2761
Photo of Ellen Faulk, Marriage & Family Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Ellen Faulk
Marriage & Family Therapist, PsyD, LMFT
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067  (Online Only)
My goal is to help you achieve your goals. Having done this work for 30 years the issues that have sadly remained consistent are the high levels of child sexual abuse and adult sexual assault, depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. A significant number of people will have an assault in their lifetime, so you are not alone. My doc dissertation was on sexual trauma, resilience (surviving), & posttraumatic growth (thriving). I am dedicated to all types of trauma and see that people can not only get better but they can choose the life they wish to live, often with help of a therapist and a desire to change.
My goal is to help you achieve your goals. Having done this work for 30 years the issues that have sadly remained consistent are the high levels of child sexual abuse and adult sexual assault, depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. A significant number of people will have an assault in their lifetime, so you are not alone. My doc dissertation was on sexual trauma, resilience (surviving), & posttraumatic growth (thriving). I am dedicated to all types of trauma and see that people can not only get better but they can choose the life they wish to live, often with help of a therapist and a desire to change.
(424) 353-2338 View (424) 353-2338
Photo of Lisa Altemus, Marriage & Family Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Lisa Altemus
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90025  (Online Only)
I strive to create a warm and accepting environment so you feel comfortable to communicate the challenges you face in your life. If you are having problems with depression, anxiety or relationships, we can work collaboratively to figure out how to help you. I have experience working with children and adults with mood dysregulation and addiction issues.
I strive to create a warm and accepting environment so you feel comfortable to communicate the challenges you face in your life. If you are having problems with depression, anxiety or relationships, we can work collaboratively to figure out how to help you. I have experience working with children and adults with mood dysregulation and addiction issues.
(424) 379-3779 View (424) 379-3779
Photo of Sheida Ashley, Marriage & Family Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Sheida Ashley
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90064
I have been in private practice for over 30 years now. My specialties are individual and couples therapy, and 12-step program for variety of addictions. Unlike the traditional silent non-directive method of psychotherapy (which is frustrating for most people)I have a very interactive style in sessions and you will get direct feedback from me. I believe in confronting problems head on and taking action for the ultimate victory over the presented issues and getting results. I am practical as well as spiritual in my approach. I have a new method of dealing with anxiety and depression, which is fast and effective.
I have been in private practice for over 30 years now. My specialties are individual and couples therapy, and 12-step program for variety of addictions. Unlike the traditional silent non-directive method of psychotherapy (which is frustrating for most people)I have a very interactive style in sessions and you will get direct feedback from me. I believe in confronting problems head on and taking action for the ultimate victory over the presented issues and getting results. I am practical as well as spiritual in my approach. I have a new method of dealing with anxiety and depression, which is fast and effective.
(424) 373-6833 View (424) 373-6833
Photo of Dr. David W Schafer, Psychologist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Dr. David W Schafer
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067  (Online Only)
As the global pandemic has shown us, sometimes life becomes overwhelming and uncontrollable. During these times it may be best to talk with someone outside of your community of family, friends or co-workers. A warm hearted professional to lend a moment of support and guidance. I share with clients in deciding how best to approach the issues, with the intent of addressing both the current distressing symptoms and long-standing patterns of behavior that are getting in the way of a thriving life. My practice is telehealth-based, and I accept direct pay (some prefer for privacy) as well as most PPO plans as an Out of Network provider.
As the global pandemic has shown us, sometimes life becomes overwhelming and uncontrollable. During these times it may be best to talk with someone outside of your community of family, friends or co-workers. A warm hearted professional to lend a moment of support and guidance. I share with clients in deciding how best to approach the issues, with the intent of addressing both the current distressing symptoms and long-standing patterns of behavior that are getting in the way of a thriving life. My practice is telehealth-based, and I accept direct pay (some prefer for privacy) as well as most PPO plans as an Out of Network provider.
(310) 254-9640 View (310) 254-9640
Photo of Palmer Frankel Insight Therapist, Marriage & Family Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Palmer Frankel Insight Therapist
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067  (Online Only)
Whatever you are going through, it helps to have someone to talk to, who is only there for you. Lowering your symptoms, gaining skills, and insight, can bring you lifelong peace. Most people know what choices to make, the hard part is doing it. But if you can't see what benign rules you are living by, which is the rule-especially in family systems, then you can't heal. This is really the reason to talk to an insight oriented therapist. If you have watched Couples Therapy, that is exactly what therapy is utilized.
Whatever you are going through, it helps to have someone to talk to, who is only there for you. Lowering your symptoms, gaining skills, and insight, can bring you lifelong peace. Most people know what choices to make, the hard part is doing it. But if you can't see what benign rules you are living by, which is the rule-especially in family systems, then you can't heal. This is really the reason to talk to an insight oriented therapist. If you have watched Couples Therapy, that is exactly what therapy is utilized.
(760) 463-9838 View (760) 463-9838
Photo of Chiara Marrapodi in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Chiara Marrapodi
CCHt, HTI, HMI, BSc, MA
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90025  (Online Only)
Do you feel stuck and don’t know how to move forward? Does it feel like you have tried many things but you have made little progress? Do you feel like you are not good enough? Are you looking for connection and have difficulty finding it and feeling it? My goal is to support you to discover a deeper and richer connection to yourself, the life you create and in your relationships. I specialize in reframing and releasing old traumas and patterns to find your authentic self and an aliveness and curiosity about life.
Do you feel stuck and don’t know how to move forward? Does it feel like you have tried many things but you have made little progress? Do you feel like you are not good enough? Are you looking for connection and have difficulty finding it and feeling it? My goal is to support you to discover a deeper and richer connection to yourself, the life you create and in your relationships. I specialize in reframing and releasing old traumas and patterns to find your authentic self and an aliveness and curiosity about life.
(760) 621-7925 View (760) 621-7925
Jennifer Bembry
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067
We offer detox services for those struggling with drug or alcohol addiction. Our team will provide you with a highly experience detox nurse in the comfort of your home or referrals to inpatient detox programs. Receive a safe and medically monitored detox without the worry of being in a hospital environment and the disruption of other people. We have helped many people find relief from chemical dependency to alcohol, drugs, prescription drugs, methadone, heroin, suboxone, opiates, methamphetamine's, and most other substances.
We offer detox services for those struggling with drug or alcohol addiction. Our team will provide you with a highly experience detox nurse in the comfort of your home or referrals to inpatient detox programs. Receive a safe and medically monitored detox without the worry of being in a hospital environment and the disruption of other people. We have helped many people find relief from chemical dependency to alcohol, drugs, prescription drugs, methadone, heroin, suboxone, opiates, methamphetamine's, and most other substances.
(424) 372-1434 View (424) 372-1434
Photo of Ronna Spiegel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Century City, Los Angeles, CA
Ronna Spiegel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Century City, Los Angeles, CA 90067  (Online Only)
Are you a woman grappling with the challenges of parenting, career shifts, or family dynamics? Maybe you’re navigating relationship challenges or the career question of "what’s next?" Life's unexpected twists and turns can leave even the most grounded feeling overwhelmed and anxious. Wherever you are in your life’s journey, I am here to partner with you as you tackle the barriers that may be preventing you from living the life you want. Let's work together to develop the skills and awareness you need to navigate life's transitions and it's ups and downs and with confidence and resilience. I look forward to working with you.
Are you a woman grappling with the challenges of parenting, career shifts, or family dynamics? Maybe you’re navigating relationship challenges or the career question of "what’s next?" Life's unexpected twists and turns can leave even the most grounded feeling overwhelmed and anxious. Wherever you are in your life’s journey, I am here to partner with you as you tackle the barriers that may be preventing you from living the life you want. Let's work together to develop the skills and awareness you need to navigate life's transitions and it's ups and downs and with confidence and resilience. I look forward to working with you.
(323) 641-4732 View (323) 641-4732

See more therapy options for Century City, Los Angeles

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Century City, Los Angeles, CA

30+

Average cost per session

$192

Therapists in Century City, Los Angeles, CA who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
79% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
71% Trauma and PTSD
71% Self Esteem
66% Family Conflict
61% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

60% Anthem | Elevance
53% Aetna
47% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Century City, Los Angeles, CA see their clients

53% In Person and Online
47% Online Only

Gender breakdown

65% Female
33% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Century City, Los Angeles?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.