Therapists in Los Angeles, CA

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Photo of Donna McCann, LMFT, PsyD, MA, RPA, DC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Donna McCann
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, PsyD, MA, RPA, DC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90049
Treatment is a step-by step- discovery. I work with a psychodynamic approach that encourages a more mindful understanding of how our past may influence our present. Our work together supports deeper personal growth and balance in mind body and spirit. I encourage conscious rather than automatic living by assisting clients to overcome past difficulties and traumas to grow to a new full potential of their choice. I have a unique ability to connect with clients that have multiple stressors and life changing events guiding them to embrace change and create a new view of life.
Treatment is a step-by step- discovery. I work with a psychodynamic approach that encourages a more mindful understanding of how our past may influence our present. Our work together supports deeper personal growth and balance in mind body and spirit. I encourage conscious rather than automatic living by assisting clients to overcome past difficulties and traumas to grow to a new full potential of their choice. I have a unique ability to connect with clients that have multiple stressors and life changing events guiding them to embrace change and create a new view of life.
(310) 361-5311 View (310) 361-5311
Photo of Shalyse Jensen, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Shalyse Jensen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 91335
I am Licensed as a Clinical Social Worker and love working one on one with my clients to figure out how to best meet their mental health goals. I use multiple techniques and methodologies, tailoring the therapeutic experience to your unique needs. I welcome feedback as part of the journey to make sure you are getting the help you are looking for; this is your therapy after all! I have expertise in working with adults of all ages and teens/children, primarily with depression, anxiety, life transition struggles and/or relationship challenges. I look forward to working with you!
I am Licensed as a Clinical Social Worker and love working one on one with my clients to figure out how to best meet their mental health goals. I use multiple techniques and methodologies, tailoring the therapeutic experience to your unique needs. I welcome feedback as part of the journey to make sure you are getting the help you are looking for; this is your therapy after all! I have expertise in working with adults of all ages and teens/children, primarily with depression, anxiety, life transition struggles and/or relationship challenges. I look forward to working with you!
(818) 938-8591 View (818) 938-8591
Photo of Laura L Waters, PsyD, Psychologist
Laura L Waters
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90034  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I am passionate about helping a child or teen struggling to manage emotional or behavioral disturbances. They may be struggling with depression or anxiety that comes as a result of trauma or significant loss, or that arises out of every day pressure to do well in school or extracurriculars. Growing up comes with growing pains, and therapy is no different. I want my clients (and their families) to be motivated to participate and engage in sessions, and practice learned skills in their home, school, and community. I hope my clients develop self confidence and begin to take ownership over treatment, and over their mental health.
I am passionate about helping a child or teen struggling to manage emotional or behavioral disturbances. They may be struggling with depression or anxiety that comes as a result of trauma or significant loss, or that arises out of every day pressure to do well in school or extracurriculars. Growing up comes with growing pains, and therapy is no different. I want my clients (and their families) to be motivated to participate and engage in sessions, and practice learned skills in their home, school, and community. I hope my clients develop self confidence and begin to take ownership over treatment, and over their mental health.
(424) 401-5019 View (424) 401-5019
Photo of Dr. Jeff Chan (Creely), PhD, Psychologist
Dr. Jeff Chan (Creely)
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90071
You feel pain in many ways: worry, shame, anger, confusion, and sadness. Your past taught you how to respond to these feelings, but problems arise when these responses no longer work. Our first goal in therapy is to understand why you feel and act the way you do. Awareness doesn’t bring change; it brings choice. I focus on emotions because they communicate what we can’t yet speak. Listening to our emotions gives us the power to help ourselves. When you understand yourself, you can make better choices to get what you need. Please see my videos on emotions, vimeo.com/392071078 or motivation, vimeo.com/389807247.
You feel pain in many ways: worry, shame, anger, confusion, and sadness. Your past taught you how to respond to these feelings, but problems arise when these responses no longer work. Our first goal in therapy is to understand why you feel and act the way you do. Awareness doesn’t bring change; it brings choice. I focus on emotions because they communicate what we can’t yet speak. Listening to our emotions gives us the power to help ourselves. When you understand yourself, you can make better choices to get what you need. Please see my videos on emotions, vimeo.com/392071078 or motivation, vimeo.com/389807247.
(626) 317-6438 View (626) 317-6438
Photo of Dr. Robyn Williams, EdD, LPCC, LCPC, NCC
Dr. Robyn Williams
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, EdD, LPCC, LCPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90049  (Online Only)
Seeking an experienced therapist to conduct a comprehensive psychological evaluation for your immigration case? Look no more! As a Doctor of Psychology, I've dedicated countless hours to understanding the intricacies of extreme hardship cases, asylum proceedings, VAWA, and U & T visa cases. And guess what? Research says that by including an evaluation, you can increase your grant rate by 80%! Yes! My approach ensures a comprehensive evaluation process within a safe and welcoming setting. I am committed to working with yourself & your attorney to deliver a thorough assessment, addressing the pivotal inquiries crucial to your case.
Seeking an experienced therapist to conduct a comprehensive psychological evaluation for your immigration case? Look no more! As a Doctor of Psychology, I've dedicated countless hours to understanding the intricacies of extreme hardship cases, asylum proceedings, VAWA, and U & T visa cases. And guess what? Research says that by including an evaluation, you can increase your grant rate by 80%! Yes! My approach ensures a comprehensive evaluation process within a safe and welcoming setting. I am committed to working with yourself & your attorney to deliver a thorough assessment, addressing the pivotal inquiries crucial to your case.
(323) 991-7759 View (323) 991-7759
Photo of Angela Grau, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Angela Grau
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90003
Hello! My name is Angela Grau, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who approaches all clinical work as a collaborative experience moving towards your therapeutic goals. My specialties are life stressors, mood disorders, emotion regulation, self-development, and self-esteem. I typically use an integrated approach with the main focus on cognitive and narrative theories. The way we think and talk about ourselves and the world has major consequences on our feelings and behaviors.
Hello! My name is Angela Grau, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who approaches all clinical work as a collaborative experience moving towards your therapeutic goals. My specialties are life stressors, mood disorders, emotion regulation, self-development, and self-esteem. I typically use an integrated approach with the main focus on cognitive and narrative theories. The way we think and talk about ourselves and the world has major consequences on our feelings and behaviors.
(323) 894-9144 View (323) 894-9144
Photo of Simone Kboudi, LPCC, Counselor
Simone Kboudi
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90035  (Online Only)
My passion is helping people gain deeper perspectives and fuller appreciation for all of life’s ups and downs. I provide my clients with a space where they can express their feelings and explore their thoughts and behaviors in a non-judgmental, safe environment, where they are truly heard. While it’s not easy to be vulnerable and process painful experiences, it is the only way we can heal, find joy, meaning and purpose in life. You deserve hope and healing and I would love to walk with you on that journey.
My passion is helping people gain deeper perspectives and fuller appreciation for all of life’s ups and downs. I provide my clients with a space where they can express their feelings and explore their thoughts and behaviors in a non-judgmental, safe environment, where they are truly heard. While it’s not easy to be vulnerable and process painful experiences, it is the only way we can heal, find joy, meaning and purpose in life. You deserve hope and healing and I would love to walk with you on that journey.
(310) 340-6445 View (310) 340-6445
Photo of Patrick M. McCloskey, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Patrick M. McCloskey
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90039
Life is a complex journey, and each of us carries a unique story filled with challenges and triumphs. My approach to therapy is rooted in the belief that we all need support and that our stories, though different, connect us.
Life is a complex journey, and each of us carries a unique story filled with challenges and triumphs. My approach to therapy is rooted in the belief that we all need support and that our stories, though different, connect us.
(818) 572-9769 View (818) 572-9769
Photo of Alan Dybner - Alan Dybner | Complimentary first session offered, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Alan Dybner | Complimentary first session offered
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90039
For over thirteen years, I've been seeing clients (both individuals and couples) and my goal has always been to help them achieve meaningful change, whether in getting through a difficult current situation or wanting to break old patterns that keep them from living a more fulfilling life. Some challenges I've helped people overcome include anxiety, depression, relationship issues, feeling stuck in a rut, grief, hopelessness, self-esteem issues, and work-related stress. Exploring these issues with a warm, welcoming, and non-judgmental therapist can really help.
For over thirteen years, I've been seeing clients (both individuals and couples) and my goal has always been to help them achieve meaningful change, whether in getting through a difficult current situation or wanting to break old patterns that keep them from living a more fulfilling life. Some challenges I've helped people overcome include anxiety, depression, relationship issues, feeling stuck in a rut, grief, hopelessness, self-esteem issues, and work-related stress. Exploring these issues with a warm, welcoming, and non-judgmental therapist can really help.
(323) 649-8288 View (323) 649-8288
Photo of Manveen Chahal, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Manveen Chahal
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90024  (Online Only)
Sometimes life feels like it sucks. And sometimes we feel like we suck. And sometimes it feels like life sucks all the time and so do we. Yes, I am a therapist, but I am a human being first and I promise to treat you like one. I have a casual, laid-back conversational, and authentic style. I pride myself on authenticity. Basically, I keep it real. I use proven methods grounded in research and evidence to help pinpoint the roots of problems and find ways to try and solve them.
Sometimes life feels like it sucks. And sometimes we feel like we suck. And sometimes it feels like life sucks all the time and so do we. Yes, I am a therapist, but I am a human being first and I promise to treat you like one. I have a casual, laid-back conversational, and authentic style. I pride myself on authenticity. Basically, I keep it real. I use proven methods grounded in research and evidence to help pinpoint the roots of problems and find ways to try and solve them.
(310) 494-7013 View (310) 494-7013
Photo of Dana Julian, MA, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Dana Julian
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90027  (Online Only)
I see you. Are you constantly overthinking or buried in negative self-talk? Are you tired of fighting with your partner or contending with sexual issues? Or are you carrying the unsung wounds of painful events or a draining caregiving routine? Whatever brought you to my doorstep, you are welcome here. Feel good in your mind, body, and soul. I’m Dana Julian, a licensed marriage and family therapist offering online therapy to individuals and couples in California. We all need healthy and fulfilling relationships to thrive. I aim to build a collaborative and trusting partnership so you can heal or strengthen your relationship with your
I see you. Are you constantly overthinking or buried in negative self-talk? Are you tired of fighting with your partner or contending with sexual issues? Or are you carrying the unsung wounds of painful events or a draining caregiving routine? Whatever brought you to my doorstep, you are welcome here. Feel good in your mind, body, and soul. I’m Dana Julian, a licensed marriage and family therapist offering online therapy to individuals and couples in California. We all need healthy and fulfilling relationships to thrive. I aim to build a collaborative and trusting partnership so you can heal or strengthen your relationship with your
(213) 894-9747 View (213) 894-9747
Photo of Flavia MacMenamin, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Flavia MacMenamin
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90025
Welcome. I am a Los Angeles-based psychotherapist offering in-person and teletherapy to individuals, couples, and families. I use a psychodynamic, relational, trauma-informed, and culturally-sensitive integrative approach to help clients attain lasting and profound change and emotional growth.
Welcome. I am a Los Angeles-based psychotherapist offering in-person and teletherapy to individuals, couples, and families. I use a psychodynamic, relational, trauma-informed, and culturally-sensitive integrative approach to help clients attain lasting and profound change and emotional growth.
(424) 301-7323 View (424) 301-7323
Photo of Camille Campbell, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Camille Campbell
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90048
People come to therapy for different reasons. You may feel frustrated that you'll never find the right relationship, feel overwhelmed with anxiety or feel like you can't stop beating yourself up for past mistakes. You may be constantly comparing yourself to other people and feel like everyone else has things more figured out than you. You may feel disconnected and unhappy, but just not exactly sure why or what to do about it. Therapy is a way to deepen understanding and move towards healing, self-acceptance and a greater sense of well-being.
People come to therapy for different reasons. You may feel frustrated that you'll never find the right relationship, feel overwhelmed with anxiety or feel like you can't stop beating yourself up for past mistakes. You may be constantly comparing yourself to other people and feel like everyone else has things more figured out than you. You may feel disconnected and unhappy, but just not exactly sure why or what to do about it. Therapy is a way to deepen understanding and move towards healing, self-acceptance and a greater sense of well-being.
(424) 625-0384 View (424) 625-0384
Photo of Maggie Wilhelm, MA, LPCC, Counselor
Maggie Wilhelm
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90041  (Online Only)
My practice is a personalized, compassionate, evidenced-based treatment to every day life problems & mental health disorders, based in the DBT principle of Acceptance versus Change. As a licensed therapist, the consistent theme I experience is my passion for helping clients achieve their highest potential. I am continuously amazed by the resilience & strength I see from clients who strive to heal, better themselves, do the hard work in & out of therapy, & make the changes they are yearning to see in their lives. Accompanying you on your journey to recovery, peace, & wellness is my greatest privilege as a therapist.
My practice is a personalized, compassionate, evidenced-based treatment to every day life problems & mental health disorders, based in the DBT principle of Acceptance versus Change. As a licensed therapist, the consistent theme I experience is my passion for helping clients achieve their highest potential. I am continuously amazed by the resilience & strength I see from clients who strive to heal, better themselves, do the hard work in & out of therapy, & make the changes they are yearning to see in their lives. Accompanying you on your journey to recovery, peace, & wellness is my greatest privilege as a therapist.
(626) 317-6230 View (626) 317-6230
Photo of Ray Cochran, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ray Cochran
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90029
Everyone goes through periods when life is challenging and something isn’t working. If you are here, you've probably decided something needs to change in your life. Whatever you are feeling in this moment - by simply noticing what is happening in your life and deciding that you'd like to see yourself living differently - you have already begun.
Everyone goes through periods when life is challenging and something isn’t working. If you are here, you've probably decided something needs to change in your life. Whatever you are feeling in this moment - by simply noticing what is happening in your life and deciding that you'd like to see yourself living differently - you have already begun.
(818) 405-8376 View (818) 405-8376
Photo of Jordan Petitt, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jordan Petitt
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90039
I want you to know what I already do -- you are enough. There is nothing broken about you. And looking for help (which you’re doing right now!) is evidence of your resilience. I believe that all people are inherently resourceful. So, the work that we’ll be doing together is (re)connecting you to your own inner resources, strengths, and values. We’ll co-create a space where you can explore your tender spots and deepest desires.
I want you to know what I already do -- you are enough. There is nothing broken about you. And looking for help (which you’re doing right now!) is evidence of your resilience. I believe that all people are inherently resourceful. So, the work that we’ll be doing together is (re)connecting you to your own inner resources, strengths, and values. We’ll co-create a space where you can explore your tender spots and deepest desires.
(818) 369-3155 View (818) 369-3155
Photo of Christina Walecka, MA, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Christina Walecka
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
Los Angeles, CA 90049  (Online Only)
Registered AMFT at Backpocket Lifecoach Counseling Services, Inc. Working under the supervision of Brandi Davis MFT112153
Registered AMFT at Backpocket Lifecoach Counseling Services, Inc. Working under the supervision of Brandi Davis MFT112153
(310) 359-1891 View (310) 359-1891
Photo of Kyle Lineberry, ASW, Pre-Licensed Professional
Kyle Lineberry
Pre-Licensed Professional, ASW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90005  (Online Only)
Welcome, welcome! I am an associate clinical social worker, and I am excited to help you find the comfort and strength within yourself to go on an incredible quest for growth and accomplishment. I have worked with a variety of populations as both a therapist and former fine arts schoolteacher, and I bring a wealth of skills to the table that can be of assistance to you in a safe, judgement-free zone. Life can be difficult, whether you’re working on trauma or wanting to work on goals to improve yourself in general. With a therapist, you won’t have to face it alone.
Welcome, welcome! I am an associate clinical social worker, and I am excited to help you find the comfort and strength within yourself to go on an incredible quest for growth and accomplishment. I have worked with a variety of populations as both a therapist and former fine arts schoolteacher, and I bring a wealth of skills to the table that can be of assistance to you in a safe, judgement-free zone. Life can be difficult, whether you’re working on trauma or wanting to work on goals to improve yourself in general. With a therapist, you won’t have to face it alone.
(310) 494-7493 View (310) 494-7493
Photo of Lauren Cona, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lauren Cona
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90041  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
My focus is young adults in their 20s and 30s struggling with depression, dating/relationships, life transitions, career stress, socio-political anxiety, difficult family dynamics, trauma, and loss. I help clients find their path in life, learn how to set boundaries, explore their identity, change unhelpful patterns, improve their communication, and be kinder and gentler with themselves. I celebrate diversity of gender, sexual orientation, and racial and cultural identities and integrate social justice and anti-oppressive values into my practice. I'm interested in the ways environment, history, and context shape our stories.
My focus is young adults in their 20s and 30s struggling with depression, dating/relationships, life transitions, career stress, socio-political anxiety, difficult family dynamics, trauma, and loss. I help clients find their path in life, learn how to set boundaries, explore their identity, change unhelpful patterns, improve their communication, and be kinder and gentler with themselves. I celebrate diversity of gender, sexual orientation, and racial and cultural identities and integrate social justice and anti-oppressive values into my practice. I'm interested in the ways environment, history, and context shape our stories.
(323) 208-9662 View (323) 208-9662
Photo of Heather Ishida Gidcumb, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Heather Ishida Gidcumb
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Los Angeles, CA 90064  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
When you were young, you imagined things would all come together when you became an adult. Others may see you as successful, composed, or upbeat, but they don’t see the whole picture. They know nothing about your anxious thoughts, about your past and the way it still affects you, or your insecurities. Some days it can be hard to look in the mirror after comparing yourself to those on social media, siblings and friends, or to your own high standards. Words like "stay positive" and "be grateful" can leave you feeling unheard or misunderstood. It feels impossible to be excited or motivated for life when you feel this way.
When you were young, you imagined things would all come together when you became an adult. Others may see you as successful, composed, or upbeat, but they don’t see the whole picture. They know nothing about your anxious thoughts, about your past and the way it still affects you, or your insecurities. Some days it can be hard to look in the mirror after comparing yourself to those on social media, siblings and friends, or to your own high standards. Words like "stay positive" and "be grateful" can leave you feeling unheard or misunderstood. It feels impossible to be excited or motivated for life when you feel this way.
(310) 361-4595 View (310) 361-4595
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Los Angeles, CA

3,000+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in Los Angeles, CA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
73% Self Esteem
71% Relationship Issues
67% Trauma and PTSD
64% Coping Skills
63% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% Aetna
70% Cigna and Evernorth
67% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Los Angeles, CA see their clients

55% In Person and Online
45% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Los Angeles?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.