Therapists in State College Area, Long Beach, CA

Photo of Coriann Papazian, MA LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Coriann Papazian
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90803  (Online Only)
It takes an immense amount of strength and courage to reach out and take an active role in making changes. I honor where you are at and understand that you are the expert of your own life. Life can take its toll and feel overwhelming. A lot can feel out of our control. The good thing is we are never alone, even if it feels that way. I greatly value collaborative and strengths-based approaches, striving to work together to reach your goals. I see individuals and families on a variety of relational issues. We are all impacted by our family, responsibilities, circumstances, you name it.
It takes an immense amount of strength and courage to reach out and take an active role in making changes. I honor where you are at and understand that you are the expert of your own life. Life can take its toll and feel overwhelming. A lot can feel out of our control. The good thing is we are never alone, even if it feels that way. I greatly value collaborative and strengths-based approaches, striving to work together to reach your goals. I see individuals and families on a variety of relational issues. We are all impacted by our family, responsibilities, circumstances, you name it.
(562) 352-2252 View (562) 352-2252
Photo of Abigail D. Ortega - Love Listen And Play, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Abigail D. Ortega - Love Listen And Play
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90815
My ideal clients span generations, encompassing children, teens, and adults, each with their unique set of challenges and aspirations. Children may grapple with anxiety, behavioral issues, or difficulties adjusting to life changes. Teens often face identity struggles, peer pressure, and academic stress. Adults may contend with relationship conflicts, career transitions, or unresolved trauma. Regardless of age, my clients share a common need for understanding, validation, and support. They seek a safe space to explore their emotions, confront their fears, and cultivate resilience.
My ideal clients span generations, encompassing children, teens, and adults, each with their unique set of challenges and aspirations. Children may grapple with anxiety, behavioral issues, or difficulties adjusting to life changes. Teens often face identity struggles, peer pressure, and academic stress. Adults may contend with relationship conflicts, career transitions, or unresolved trauma. Regardless of age, my clients share a common need for understanding, validation, and support. They seek a safe space to explore their emotions, confront their fears, and cultivate resilience.
(562) 457-6825 View (562) 457-6825
Photo of Constanza Patricia Whitwood - Love Listen And Play, LCSW , Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Constanza Patricia Whitwood - Love Listen And Play
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90815
Life can be overwhelming. Compassionate support and gentle guidance in times of stress, difficulty, and transition is a game-changer. Whether you're grappling with the adjustments of motherhood, the demands of parenting, the aftermath of a profound loss, or navigating symptoms of depression, anxiety, or trauma, it's okay to seek help. You long to reclaim a sense of yourself, regain control, and move forward with confidence. Recognizing that you need assistance is the first step toward finding relief and rediscovering resilience.
Life can be overwhelming. Compassionate support and gentle guidance in times of stress, difficulty, and transition is a game-changer. Whether you're grappling with the adjustments of motherhood, the demands of parenting, the aftermath of a profound loss, or navigating symptoms of depression, anxiety, or trauma, it's okay to seek help. You long to reclaim a sense of yourself, regain control, and move forward with confidence. Recognizing that you need assistance is the first step toward finding relief and rediscovering resilience.
(562) 655-8528 View (562) 655-8528
Photo of Elisa V Lima, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Elisa V Lima
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90815
Contemplating therapy can provoke feelings of nervousness and doubt due to thoughts like "Will it really help?" or excuses like "I don't have the time". My answer: why not see for yourself? Isn't it worth a try? I am here to listen to you. Having worked with families, children, adolescents, and adults for over 10 years as a therapist and school social worker, I know how to create a safe and empowering environment to process feelings and build insight, problem solving, and coping skills.
Contemplating therapy can provoke feelings of nervousness and doubt due to thoughts like "Will it really help?" or excuses like "I don't have the time". My answer: why not see for yourself? Isn't it worth a try? I am here to listen to you. Having worked with families, children, adolescents, and adults for over 10 years as a therapist and school social worker, I know how to create a safe and empowering environment to process feelings and build insight, problem solving, and coping skills.
(562) 449-4614 View (562) 449-4614
Photo of Erin Lynch, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Erin Lynch
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90803  (Online Only)
Hi! I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in the state of California with over 20 years of joy and experience working with clients in their difficult times.
Hi! I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in the state of California with over 20 years of joy and experience working with clients in their difficult times.
(562) 568-5805 View (562) 568-5805
Photo of Era Thompson, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Era Thompson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90840  (Online Only)
Do you experience difficulty with managing depression, anxiety, or OCD? Are you suffering due to past trauma, or due to negative self-talk. In therapy, you can learn to cope with stressors and life transitions more effectively. Therapy can help you to manage worry, experience less anger, increase motivation, and feel more centered. Many people who struggle with sadness, stress, relationship conflicts, trauma, worry, or low self-esteem find it difficult to function at work, in their family environment, and in other social settings.
Do you experience difficulty with managing depression, anxiety, or OCD? Are you suffering due to past trauma, or due to negative self-talk. In therapy, you can learn to cope with stressors and life transitions more effectively. Therapy can help you to manage worry, experience less anger, increase motivation, and feel more centered. Many people who struggle with sadness, stress, relationship conflicts, trauma, worry, or low self-esteem find it difficult to function at work, in their family environment, and in other social settings.
(323) 313-0479 View (323) 313-0479
Photo of Bita Ghafoor - Community Clinic for Counseling & Educational, Psychologist
Community Clinic for Counseling & Educational
Psychologist
Verified Verified
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90840
The Clinic offers individual, couples and youth counseling Services. Services are provided to address any of the following concerns: self-esteem, depression, anxiety, phobias, relationship concerns, assertiveness etc.. Youth Counseling provides children with the skills to help them cope with problems that inhibit their learning, social interactions and emotional well-being. The child's counselor concentrates on areas such as emotional resiliency, assertiveness, self-esteem building, listening, communication, and motivation.
The Clinic offers individual, couples and youth counseling Services. Services are provided to address any of the following concerns: self-esteem, depression, anxiety, phobias, relationship concerns, assertiveness etc.. Youth Counseling provides children with the skills to help them cope with problems that inhibit their learning, social interactions and emotional well-being. The child's counselor concentrates on areas such as emotional resiliency, assertiveness, self-esteem building, listening, communication, and motivation.
(562) 372-2396 View (562) 372-2396
Photo of Shauna Pilloff, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Shauna Pilloff
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90815
You, your teen or child is struggling with distressing thoughts, which create anxiety. There are strong urges to do something to get immediate relief, whether it be avoidance, a ritual, or a physical or mental action. You or your child feel better in the moment, but it’s only temporary relief. This OCD or anxiety cycle quickly returns and becomes a vicious cycle day after day and they are mentally and physically exhausted. It leaves this uncomfortable feeling of distress. OCD, anxiety and trauma take up up time, energy and space in their mind which makes it difficult to live in the present moment. You crave long-term relief.
You, your teen or child is struggling with distressing thoughts, which create anxiety. There are strong urges to do something to get immediate relief, whether it be avoidance, a ritual, or a physical or mental action. You or your child feel better in the moment, but it’s only temporary relief. This OCD or anxiety cycle quickly returns and becomes a vicious cycle day after day and they are mentally and physically exhausted. It leaves this uncomfortable feeling of distress. OCD, anxiety and trauma take up up time, energy and space in their mind which makes it difficult to live in the present moment. You crave long-term relief.
(562) 285-7153 View (562) 285-7153
Photo of Mark H Michaels, PhD, Psychologist
Mark H Michaels
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90815
Things can get better! My goal is to help folks who are struggling with the curves in the road life can throw at us. Even if you have tried other means of addressing problems, my approach is to use innovative, technologically advanced methods and techniques to conquer those common life challenges. Sleep problems, anxiety, and depression are common difficulties almost everyone experiences at some point in time. Helping you address these challenges in a direct, time-effective way is our highest purpose.
Things can get better! My goal is to help folks who are struggling with the curves in the road life can throw at us. Even if you have tried other means of addressing problems, my approach is to use innovative, technologically advanced methods and techniques to conquer those common life challenges. Sleep problems, anxiety, and depression are common difficulties almost everyone experiences at some point in time. Helping you address these challenges in a direct, time-effective way is our highest purpose.
(562) 294-3885 View (562) 294-3885
Photo of Abigail D. Ortega - Love Listen And Play, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Abigail D. Ortega - Love Listen And Play
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90815
In my practice as a trauma-informed therapist, my ideal client is a child or adolescent who may be struggling with various emotional or behavioral challenges. These challenges could range from anxiety and depression to difficulties in social interactions or coping with significant life changes such as divorce or loss. Their needs are multifaceted, but primarily, they require a safe and supportive environment where they can express themselves freely through play and other therapeutic modalities. My goal is to empower them to develop coping skills, build resilience, and improve their emotional regulation.
In my practice as a trauma-informed therapist, my ideal client is a child or adolescent who may be struggling with various emotional or behavioral challenges. These challenges could range from anxiety and depression to difficulties in social interactions or coping with significant life changes such as divorce or loss. Their needs are multifaceted, but primarily, they require a safe and supportive environment where they can express themselves freely through play and other therapeutic modalities. My goal is to empower them to develop coping skills, build resilience, and improve their emotional regulation.
(747) 237-4572 View (747) 237-4572
Photo of Keith Welsh, LCSW, EMDR, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Keith Welsh
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EMDR
Verified Verified
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90822  (Online Only)
Welcome! If you're reading this, it means you're taking a critical step towards enhancing your mental health, self-understanding, and overall well-being. I salute your bravery, and I'm here to offer the guidance you need on this journey. I am Keith Welsh, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over two decades of experience in helping individuals navigate their unique life paths. I am honored to be in the helping profession and look forward to the opportunity to help you get free of the issues which have been complicating your life.
Welcome! If you're reading this, it means you're taking a critical step towards enhancing your mental health, self-understanding, and overall well-being. I salute your bravery, and I'm here to offer the guidance you need on this journey. I am Keith Welsh, a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over two decades of experience in helping individuals navigate their unique life paths. I am honored to be in the helping profession and look forward to the opportunity to help you get free of the issues which have been complicating your life.
(805) 696-6124 View (805) 696-6124
Photo of Callie Meyer-Lee, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Callie Meyer-Lee
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
State College Area, Long Beach, CA 90803
The decision to start seeing a therapist often comes after months, or even years, of emotional struggle. You may feel like you should be able to handle this on your own or you may be losing hope that things can get better at all. It takes courage, hope, and determination to reach out for help. This is why, as a therapist, I work hard from day one to make you feel comfortable, accepted, and heard. I want you to know that you are not alone and that I can help you get through this. My goal at the end of therapy is always for my clients to feel whole and healthy and deeply connected to the people around them.
The decision to start seeing a therapist often comes after months, or even years, of emotional struggle. You may feel like you should be able to handle this on your own or you may be losing hope that things can get better at all. It takes courage, hope, and determination to reach out for help. This is why, as a therapist, I work hard from day one to make you feel comfortable, accepted, and heard. I want you to know that you are not alone and that I can help you get through this. My goal at the end of therapy is always for my clients to feel whole and healthy and deeply connected to the people around them.
(424) 404-8259 View (424) 404-8259

Online Therapists

Photo of Michael Willis, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Michael Willis
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90813
Hi, my name is Michael Willis, Sr. and I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. My base is in Los Angeles; however, I work with clients throughout the state of California via Telehealth.
Hi, my name is Michael Willis, Sr. and I'm a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. My base is in Los Angeles; however, I work with clients throughout the state of California via Telehealth.
(951) 476-0639 View (951) 476-0639
Photo of Jocelyn Morris-Bryant Licensed Marriage Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LPCC, MPA, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jocelyn Morris-Bryant Licensed Marriage Family Therapist
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LPCC, MPA
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90802  (Online Only)
I work with busy professional adults, couples, and adult families needing evening and weekend virtual sessions. My style is authentic, direct and progressive. At your first session, we will unpack your concerns to flatten out chaos and confusion within yourself or your relationship cycle. Stop depleting yourself by sacrificing or compromising to keep the peace. This is not necessary. Learn how small behavioral and communication adjustments can change everything to a win-win game. Restore what you think has been lost and regain fulfillment again. Understanding is the sweet ingredient that changes perspective to improve connection.
I work with busy professional adults, couples, and adult families needing evening and weekend virtual sessions. My style is authentic, direct and progressive. At your first session, we will unpack your concerns to flatten out chaos and confusion within yourself or your relationship cycle. Stop depleting yourself by sacrificing or compromising to keep the peace. This is not necessary. Learn how small behavioral and communication adjustments can change everything to a win-win game. Restore what you think has been lost and regain fulfillment again. Understanding is the sweet ingredient that changes perspective to improve connection.
(213) 348-6970 View (213) 348-6970
Photo of Chelsea Rocha, LPCC, Counselor
Chelsea Rocha
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90805
Hi there, I'm Chelsea! I'm a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor and have a School Counseling (Pupil Personnel Services) Credential. I provide mental health services in English and Spanish. I have assisted clients who struggle with grief, anxiety, trauma, depression, substance use, ADHD, suicidal behavior, and attachment disorders. I use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy, Client-Centered Therapy, Person-Centered therapy, and a Humanistic paradigm to guide my treatment with Clients.
Hi there, I'm Chelsea! I'm a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor and have a School Counseling (Pupil Personnel Services) Credential. I provide mental health services in English and Spanish. I have assisted clients who struggle with grief, anxiety, trauma, depression, substance use, ADHD, suicidal behavior, and attachment disorders. I use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy, Client-Centered Therapy, Person-Centered therapy, and a Humanistic paradigm to guide my treatment with Clients.
(951) 257-9158 View (951) 257-9158
Photo of Azadeh Ebrahimi, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Azadeh Ebrahimi
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90802  (Online Only)
I generally work with adults experiencing anxiety, depression, substance use, and other mental health concerns, as well as social and relationship issues causing stress in couples and family relationships. I utilize several modalities in my practice. I believe the role of a therapist is that of a collaborator and I tailor my approach to the needs of my clients.
I generally work with adults experiencing anxiety, depression, substance use, and other mental health concerns, as well as social and relationship issues causing stress in couples and family relationships. I utilize several modalities in my practice. I believe the role of a therapist is that of a collaborator and I tailor my approach to the needs of my clients.
(424) 588-7058 View (424) 588-7058
Photo of Rachel Ryan, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rachel Ryan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90804
Taking the first step towards therapy is a courageous response to the overwhelming pressure of daily life. I want to acknowledge the strength it takes to seek support when you feel burdened by unrealistic expectations or the weight of suppressed emotions. My approach is compassionate and warm, dedicated to guiding clients on their journey of healing and growth. Whether you're looking to build confidence, explore self-love, or find inner peace, know that you have a safe space with me to face and explore life's challenges.
Taking the first step towards therapy is a courageous response to the overwhelming pressure of daily life. I want to acknowledge the strength it takes to seek support when you feel burdened by unrealistic expectations or the weight of suppressed emotions. My approach is compassionate and warm, dedicated to guiding clients on their journey of healing and growth. Whether you're looking to build confidence, explore self-love, or find inner peace, know that you have a safe space with me to face and explore life's challenges.
(424) 401-2901 View (424) 401-2901
Photo of Jim Palato, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jim Palato
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90815
Have you experienced a change in your life that you are finding hard to handle? Sometimes life can present challenges which are difficult to overcome or cope with on our own. Having a trusted, caring, and competent individual on your side can help you overcome challenges, cope with unwanted changes, and grow individually. This growth can improve your relationships with self, significant others, family, friends, and in your profession.
Have you experienced a change in your life that you are finding hard to handle? Sometimes life can present challenges which are difficult to overcome or cope with on our own. Having a trusted, caring, and competent individual on your side can help you overcome challenges, cope with unwanted changes, and grow individually. This growth can improve your relationships with self, significant others, family, friends, and in your profession.
(310) 736-1431 View (310) 736-1431
Photo of Erica Sorum, MS, LMFT, CIMHP, Marriage & Family Therapist
Erica Sorum
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, CIMHP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90803  (Online Only)
My ideal client is someone who is ready and motivated to make positive changes in their life. They may be feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or uncertain about their present circumstances. By providing a safe and nonjudgmental space, I create an environment where clients can explore their thoughts and emotions freely. My goal is to guide individuals towards increased self-awareness, personal growth, and ultimately, a more fulfilling life. Together, we can work towards achieving your desired outcomes and establishing lasting positive changes.
My ideal client is someone who is ready and motivated to make positive changes in their life. They may be feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or uncertain about their present circumstances. By providing a safe and nonjudgmental space, I create an environment where clients can explore their thoughts and emotions freely. My goal is to guide individuals towards increased self-awareness, personal growth, and ultimately, a more fulfilling life. Together, we can work towards achieving your desired outcomes and establishing lasting positive changes.
(818) 293-4861 View (818) 293-4861
Photo of Brianna Patti, MS, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Brianna Patti
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, AMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90804
Have you boundaried too close to the sun, and now your only support is a few friends you only text when something goes wrong? Are you starting to wonder if people think you're the problem? Is it making you second-guess yourself even more than usual? Find these, and more questions designed to lovingly call you out, at our first therapy session! Therapy with me is all about creating a life that makes sense for you - even if other people don't get it. Yes, we still want to show up for others, but we have to get comfortable putting ourselves first.
Have you boundaried too close to the sun, and now your only support is a few friends you only text when something goes wrong? Are you starting to wonder if people think you're the problem? Is it making you second-guess yourself even more than usual? Find these, and more questions designed to lovingly call you out, at our first therapy session! Therapy with me is all about creating a life that makes sense for you - even if other people don't get it. Yes, we still want to show up for others, but we have to get comfortable putting ourselves first.
(562) 704-4736 x100 View (562) 704-4736 x100

See more therapy options for State College Area, Long Beach

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in State College Area, Long Beach, CA

10+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in State College Area, Long Beach, CA who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
100% Self Esteem
92% Coping Skills
85% Depression
85% Trauma and PTSD
77% Stress
69% Relationship Issues

Average years in practice

18 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

71% Cigna and Evernorth
71% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
57% Aetna

How Therapists in State College Area, Long Beach, CA see their clients

70% In Person and Online
30% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in State College Area, Long Beach?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.