Therapists in Long Beach, CA

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Photo of Candice L. Recotta, LMFT, MA, CCTP, EMDR , Marriage & Family Therapist
Candice L. Recotta
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA, CCTP, EMDR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90808
I believe that developing a trusting relationship with your therapist is essential. My training and experience have created the fostering of the origins of trauma and how it can affect all areas of functioning. I use trauma-informed approaches and am both a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (CCTP), and an Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Certified Therapist. These modalities are instrumental in reducing the effects that long term and chronic tension, trauma, and anxiety can create in our daily lives.
I believe that developing a trusting relationship with your therapist is essential. My training and experience have created the fostering of the origins of trauma and how it can affect all areas of functioning. I use trauma-informed approaches and am both a Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (CCTP), and an Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Certified Therapist. These modalities are instrumental in reducing the effects that long term and chronic tension, trauma, and anxiety can create in our daily lives.
(714) 266-3258 View (714) 266-3258
Photo of Gwen Schwimmer, PhD, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Gwen Schwimmer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90808  (Online Only)
It takes courage and humility to seek help for oneself. I strive to create an empathic, collaborative atmosphere to help you address and diminish pain and conflict in your life. My approach is eclectic drawing from two decades of experience treating a wide range of emotional issues. There is no need for you to suffer any longer. I offer guidance and tools for you to reduce distress in your life.
It takes courage and humility to seek help for oneself. I strive to create an empathic, collaborative atmosphere to help you address and diminish pain and conflict in your life. My approach is eclectic drawing from two decades of experience treating a wide range of emotional issues. There is no need for you to suffer any longer. I offer guidance and tools for you to reduce distress in your life.
(562) 553-8388 View (562) 553-8388
Photo of Yasuko Mikajiri, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Yasuko Mikajiri
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90806  (Online Only)
My name is Yasuko (pronounced "Yasco") Mikajiri (三ヶ尻 靖子), and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Long Beach, California. Via Telehealth, I work with adults (18 years old and over) throughout California, specializing in Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, Grief & Loss, Substance Abuse, Communication Skills, Transitional Work, Generational/Cultural Gap Issues for Immigrants, and Purpose in Life, etc. My approach to therapy is a combination of some of the therapy techniques tailored to your individual needs. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) helps you transform the patterns of negative thinking into positive ones.
My name is Yasuko (pronounced "Yasco") Mikajiri (三ヶ尻 靖子), and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Long Beach, California. Via Telehealth, I work with adults (18 years old and over) throughout California, specializing in Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, Grief & Loss, Substance Abuse, Communication Skills, Transitional Work, Generational/Cultural Gap Issues for Immigrants, and Purpose in Life, etc. My approach to therapy is a combination of some of the therapy techniques tailored to your individual needs. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) helps you transform the patterns of negative thinking into positive ones.
(442) 219-7341 View (442) 219-7341
Photo of Carlos N Gonzalez, LCSW , Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Carlos N Gonzalez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90807
I enjoy using different evidence-based models. However, I am aware of the importance of tailoring my treatment modalities to meet the specific needs of each individual. Together we will focus on breaking unhelpful pattens that hinder growth and quality of life. In unity, I will teach you how to cope, regulate and develop healthier ways to manage problems, and add more meaning to your life.
I enjoy using different evidence-based models. However, I am aware of the importance of tailoring my treatment modalities to meet the specific needs of each individual. Together we will focus on breaking unhelpful pattens that hinder growth and quality of life. In unity, I will teach you how to cope, regulate and develop healthier ways to manage problems, and add more meaning to your life.
(562) 620-8448 View (562) 620-8448
Photo of Kalisha Crone, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kalisha Crone
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90803  (Online Only)
I support clients struggling with anxiety and depression process their thoughts and feelings so that they can learn safe and healthy coping skills to respond to those challenging experiences. I am motivated by my clients' desire to heal, learn, and grow. Healing is sacred and I provide a safe space for you to share your experiences, process the impact, and release your stress so you can move forward and enjoy being present.
I support clients struggling with anxiety and depression process their thoughts and feelings so that they can learn safe and healthy coping skills to respond to those challenging experiences. I am motivated by my clients' desire to heal, learn, and grow. Healing is sacred and I provide a safe space for you to share your experiences, process the impact, and release your stress so you can move forward and enjoy being present.
(562) 378-4606 View (562) 378-4606
Photo of Rosa Portillo, MA, MS, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Rosa Portillo
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, MS, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90806
Welcome! I'm committed to guiding you through life's challenges and fostering resilience and wellness. Specializing in anxiety, depression, addiction, life transitions, and self-esteem, I offer compassionate, evidence-based support for your growth. In addition to my focus areas, I also have extensive experience working with neurodiverse populations, and I am committed to creating an inclusive and supportive environment. I am LGBTQ+ affirming and have worked closely with BIPOC communities and am dedicated to fostering a non-judgmental therapy space.
Welcome! I'm committed to guiding you through life's challenges and fostering resilience and wellness. Specializing in anxiety, depression, addiction, life transitions, and self-esteem, I offer compassionate, evidence-based support for your growth. In addition to my focus areas, I also have extensive experience working with neurodiverse populations, and I am committed to creating an inclusive and supportive environment. I am LGBTQ+ affirming and have worked closely with BIPOC communities and am dedicated to fostering a non-judgmental therapy space.
(562) 784-8056 View (562) 784-8056
Photo of Kathy Tanner, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kathy Tanner
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90804
Congratulations on taking steps toward creating the life and the relationships you desire. My name is Kathy Tanner, and I have been a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist in California since 2002. I am passionate about working with people who want to heal, grow, and live their best life. Throughout my career, I have specialized in working with children, teenagers, and adults with anxiety, depression, trauma, and relationship issues. I understand and appreciate the complexities of relationships, marriage, parenting, co-parenting, and life transitions.
Congratulations on taking steps toward creating the life and the relationships you desire. My name is Kathy Tanner, and I have been a Licensed Marriage & Family Therapist in California since 2002. I am passionate about working with people who want to heal, grow, and live their best life. Throughout my career, I have specialized in working with children, teenagers, and adults with anxiety, depression, trauma, and relationship issues. I understand and appreciate the complexities of relationships, marriage, parenting, co-parenting, and life transitions.
(562) 655-7596 View (562) 655-7596
Photo of Dana Boggio, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Dana Boggio
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90803  (Online Only)
I enjoy helping couples get through hard times. I also have experience with individuals working through anxiety (worry, panic, phobias & social anxiety), depression, grief, trauma, and addiction recovery. I support people who find themselves in a different world due to marital conflict, divorce, and single parenting. My goal is to guide you to gain clarity, learn to trust yourself, and ultimately heal.
I enjoy helping couples get through hard times. I also have experience with individuals working through anxiety (worry, panic, phobias & social anxiety), depression, grief, trauma, and addiction recovery. I support people who find themselves in a different world due to marital conflict, divorce, and single parenting. My goal is to guide you to gain clarity, learn to trust yourself, and ultimately heal.
(818) 654-4968 View (818) 654-4968
Photo of Dr. Olga Rogachevsky, PsyD, Psychologist
Dr. Olga Rogachevsky
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90815  (Online Only)
Dr. Rogachevsky specializes in working with individuals with Bipolar Disorder, Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, sleep related problems, relationship concerns, Borderline Personality Disorder, OCD, adjustment disorder, schizophrenia, and psychosis.
Dr. Rogachevsky specializes in working with individuals with Bipolar Disorder, Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, sleep related problems, relationship concerns, Borderline Personality Disorder, OCD, adjustment disorder, schizophrenia, and psychosis.
(562) 837-2617 View (562) 837-2617
Photo of Alexandra Hattick, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Alexandra Hattick
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90807
Maybe you have all your basic needs met, but still find yourself with this sense of emptiness, loneliness, anxiety, and find yourself asking "what’s wrong with me?!” It feels so much easier offering compassion to other people than to yourself. Relationships are hard and you just can't seem to figure out how to feel fulfilled in them. I primarily work with adults and adolescents who are wanting to change that - to learn what to do with those difficult emotions, to feel more fulfilled and loved in relationships, to have more compassion for themselves, and who are ready to learn and try new skills.
Maybe you have all your basic needs met, but still find yourself with this sense of emptiness, loneliness, anxiety, and find yourself asking "what’s wrong with me?!” It feels so much easier offering compassion to other people than to yourself. Relationships are hard and you just can't seem to figure out how to feel fulfilled in them. I primarily work with adults and adolescents who are wanting to change that - to learn what to do with those difficult emotions, to feel more fulfilled and loved in relationships, to have more compassion for themselves, and who are ready to learn and try new skills.
(562) 573-9463 View (562) 573-9463
Photo of Dr. Adrienne Douglas Sullivan - S & S Psychological Consultants, MA, PsyD, Pre-Licensed Professional
S & S Psychological Consultants
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, PsyD
Not Verified Not Verified
Long Beach, CA 90807  (Online Only)
I am committed to providing compassionate, evidence-based treatment to my clients. For therapy to be effective it is important to find a therapist who is the right fit for you. As a participant in the treatment process we work together to develop treatment goals that fit your unique needs.
I am committed to providing compassionate, evidence-based treatment to my clients. For therapy to be effective it is important to find a therapist who is the right fit for you. As a participant in the treatment process we work together to develop treatment goals that fit your unique needs.
(562) 321-9946 View (562) 321-9946
Photo of Kara Tiffany-Roberts, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kara Tiffany-Roberts
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90815
Hello, my name is Kara Tiffany-Roberts, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT) and Licensed Advanced Alcohol and Drug Counselor (LAADC). I teach mindfulness, self-care, boundaries, and awareness to all of my clients. I specialize in co-occurring disorders or clients that have more than one diagnosis. I treat all mood disorders, substance abuse and dependence, binge eating, and all family and relationship issues. I have spent the last ten years working in private practice with clients who have mood disorders, addiction issues, and family issues.
Hello, my name is Kara Tiffany-Roberts, and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT) and Licensed Advanced Alcohol and Drug Counselor (LAADC). I teach mindfulness, self-care, boundaries, and awareness to all of my clients. I specialize in co-occurring disorders or clients that have more than one diagnosis. I treat all mood disorders, substance abuse and dependence, binge eating, and all family and relationship issues. I have spent the last ten years working in private practice with clients who have mood disorders, addiction issues, and family issues.
(562) 545-4939 View (562) 545-4939
Photo of Mary Speight, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mary Speight
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90810
Hello, my name is Mary Speight, LMFT 51793. I've 20+ years of experience in the field of behavioral and mental health. I am a Certified Compassion Fatigue Professional (CCFP) certified in Integrated Mental Health. I believe I'm eclectic in my work with clients. Therapy isn't one size fits all. We all may have similar experiences, but how we behave and react may not always be the same.
Hello, my name is Mary Speight, LMFT 51793. I've 20+ years of experience in the field of behavioral and mental health. I am a Certified Compassion Fatigue Professional (CCFP) certified in Integrated Mental Health. I believe I'm eclectic in my work with clients. Therapy isn't one size fits all. We all may have similar experiences, but how we behave and react may not always be the same.
(562) 553-8673 View (562) 553-8673
Photo of Mei-Ling J Martin, MA, AMFT, APCC, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Mei-Ling J Martin
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT, APCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90815  (Online Only)
Do you struggle with depression, anxiety, addiction? Maybe, you just need someone to talk to? I have had the opportunity to work with diverse populations and backgrounds. Working with at-risk youth and in community mental health has allowed me to gain experience in lower socioeconomic and unhoused populations. These experiences, along with experience at a substance abuse treatment center, have allowed me to gain extensive knowledge and experience in substance abuse, addiction, and dual diagnosis. I have experience, and am comfortable, working with individuals, couples, and families of all ages.
Do you struggle with depression, anxiety, addiction? Maybe, you just need someone to talk to? I have had the opportunity to work with diverse populations and backgrounds. Working with at-risk youth and in community mental health has allowed me to gain experience in lower socioeconomic and unhoused populations. These experiences, along with experience at a substance abuse treatment center, have allowed me to gain extensive knowledge and experience in substance abuse, addiction, and dual diagnosis. I have experience, and am comfortable, working with individuals, couples, and families of all ages.
(562) 573-8605 View (562) 573-8605
Photo of Earl Klebe, LCSW, CSAT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Earl Klebe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CSAT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90803
I am a Certified Sexual Addiction Therapist in Long Beach, California, who works with individuals struggling with compulsive sex or porn use and understand the impact of betrayal trauma on the partner and the relationship. I know how difficult it can be to break free from addictive behavior, and I am directive in my approach to therapy. I utilize a Task Centered approach based on the research of Dr. Patrick Carnes, the leading expert in the field of sexual addiction. Together we will start to repair the damage that has been done and work towards healing.
I am a Certified Sexual Addiction Therapist in Long Beach, California, who works with individuals struggling with compulsive sex or porn use and understand the impact of betrayal trauma on the partner and the relationship. I know how difficult it can be to break free from addictive behavior, and I am directive in my approach to therapy. I utilize a Task Centered approach based on the research of Dr. Patrick Carnes, the leading expert in the field of sexual addiction. Together we will start to repair the damage that has been done and work towards healing.
(562) 539-2324 View (562) 539-2324
Photo of Christina Zavalza, PsyD, Psychologist
Christina Zavalza
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90802  (Online Only)
I’m Dr. Christina Zavalza, a licensed clinical psychologist. I believe we are in an era of empowering ourselves unlike any we have seen before. We are becoming more aware of personal, social and cultural issues that can make it difficult to become our best and most powerful selves. Some of the issues we deal with today include trying to overcome trauma, navigating social expectations, balancing needs in relationships with taking care of ourselves, and ultimately wanting to feel empowered and whole in our homes, educational settings, workplace, and communities.
I’m Dr. Christina Zavalza, a licensed clinical psychologist. I believe we are in an era of empowering ourselves unlike any we have seen before. We are becoming more aware of personal, social and cultural issues that can make it difficult to become our best and most powerful selves. Some of the issues we deal with today include trying to overcome trauma, navigating social expectations, balancing needs in relationships with taking care of ourselves, and ultimately wanting to feel empowered and whole in our homes, educational settings, workplace, and communities.
(562) 502-1449 View (562) 502-1449
Photo of Jennifer Ayala, PsyD, Psychologist
Jennifer Ayala
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90810  (Online Only)
Hi! I am Jennifer Ayala, a bilingual (Spanish-English) clinical psychologist in the state of California. Have you experienced an adverse or traumatic event? Is it difficult to function and deal with these experiences? I provide a safe space for you to process these experiences so you can improve your day-to-day functioning. Together we will identify unhelpful thoughts and work to restructure them to true, more helpful thoughts. I will also help you discover and develop coping skills to support your everyday functioning so you can get back to living a happy and productive life.
Hi! I am Jennifer Ayala, a bilingual (Spanish-English) clinical psychologist in the state of California. Have you experienced an adverse or traumatic event? Is it difficult to function and deal with these experiences? I provide a safe space for you to process these experiences so you can improve your day-to-day functioning. Together we will identify unhelpful thoughts and work to restructure them to true, more helpful thoughts. I will also help you discover and develop coping skills to support your everyday functioning so you can get back to living a happy and productive life.
(562) 554-6724 View (562) 554-6724
Photo of Valerie Wilson-Lindberg, MSW, LCSW, RPT-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Valerie Wilson-Lindberg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, RPT-S
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90806
Not accepting new clients
As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Registered Play Therapy Supervisor. I am honored to have worked with a diverse clientele for over 20 yrs . My initial specialization was psycho-dynamic in nature, focused on treating children and adolescents utilizing expressive therapies. I am also trained in Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Client-Centered, Family Systems and Solution-Focused therapies . It is my belief that no matter our age we all have the same basic need for connection, unconditional acceptance and support, as well as creative and flexible interventions that meet our individual needs and help us feel heard.
As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Registered Play Therapy Supervisor. I am honored to have worked with a diverse clientele for over 20 yrs . My initial specialization was psycho-dynamic in nature, focused on treating children and adolescents utilizing expressive therapies. I am also trained in Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Client-Centered, Family Systems and Solution-Focused therapies . It is my belief that no matter our age we all have the same basic need for connection, unconditional acceptance and support, as well as creative and flexible interventions that meet our individual needs and help us feel heard.
(562) 222-5642 View (562) 222-5642
Photo of Liliana Gonzalez, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Liliana Gonzalez
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90802  (Online Only)
Hello! My name is Liliana Gonzalez, and I am a family and marriage counselor licensed in Los Angeles, California with over 8 years of experience working as a clinical therapist in a community-based environment. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, parenting problems, career challenges, compassion fatigue, peer relationships, and women's issues. I also helped many people who have experienced physical trauma or emotional abuse. Seeking help takes courage and strength. Congratulations on making the first step towards a positive change.
Hello! My name is Liliana Gonzalez, and I am a family and marriage counselor licensed in Los Angeles, California with over 8 years of experience working as a clinical therapist in a community-based environment. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, parenting problems, career challenges, compassion fatigue, peer relationships, and women's issues. I also helped many people who have experienced physical trauma or emotional abuse. Seeking help takes courage and strength. Congratulations on making the first step towards a positive change.
(424) 587-3416 View (424) 587-3416
Photo of Dr. Alexandra Joy Scott, PsyD, Psychologist
Dr. Alexandra Joy Scott
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Long Beach, CA 90807
Not accepting new clients
Asking for help can be one of the hardest and most rewarding decisions you can make for yourself. Whether life's challenges have overwhelmed your coping skills or you are seeking greater self-awareness and growth, therapy is a great place to start.
Asking for help can be one of the hardest and most rewarding decisions you can make for yourself. Whether life's challenges have overwhelmed your coping skills or you are seeking greater self-awareness and growth, therapy is a great place to start.
(562) 286-5396 View (562) 286-5396

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Long Beach, CA

1,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Long Beach, CA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
76% Self Esteem
70% Relationship Issues
69% Trauma and PTSD
69% Coping Skills
64% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

72% Aetna
71% Cigna and Evernorth
67% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Long Beach, CA see their clients

56% In Person and Online
44% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Long Beach?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.