Therapists in Long Beach, CA

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Photo of Emanuel Zayas, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Long Beach, CA
Emanuel Zayas
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90807
I am here to help those that are looking to explore new ways of working with others or coming into their own and setting boundaries with others. Part of growing is learning how to adapt to the world around us, but it is also about growing in truly loving ourselves and building the world within us. Keeping secrets, feeling like you don't have a voice, and feeling without the power to stand up against those that are mistreating oneself come from feeling like you are not valued or because we were taught growing up to stay silent.
I am here to help those that are looking to explore new ways of working with others or coming into their own and setting boundaries with others. Part of growing is learning how to adapt to the world around us, but it is also about growing in truly loving ourselves and building the world within us. Keeping secrets, feeling like you don't have a voice, and feeling without the power to stand up against those that are mistreating oneself come from feeling like you are not valued or because we were taught growing up to stay silent.
(626) 240-5446 View (626) 240-5446
Photo of Cassandra Ortiz, Marriage & Family Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Cassandra Ortiz
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90807  (Online Only)
I am glad you have come here with the desire and hope of wanting to promote your well-being. I understand it was probably not an easy decision to come to but I am more than willing to do my best to support you, whichever way I can. Often times, life circumstances cause us to develop a wide variety of symptoms that I like to consider as part of the human condition. Anxiety and depression are part of that human condition. I strongly believe life is a journey in which there is always room for growth. I want to help you find the tools you need to promote that growth you have been longing for.
I am glad you have come here with the desire and hope of wanting to promote your well-being. I understand it was probably not an easy decision to come to but I am more than willing to do my best to support you, whichever way I can. Often times, life circumstances cause us to develop a wide variety of symptoms that I like to consider as part of the human condition. Anxiety and depression are part of that human condition. I strongly believe life is a journey in which there is always room for growth. I want to help you find the tools you need to promote that growth you have been longing for.
(562) 274-7612 View (562) 274-7612
Photo of Laura Pinegar, Psychologist in Long Beach, CA
Laura Pinegar
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90803
After over twenty years in practice I have extensive experience in treating anxiety and depression secondary to life stress and transitions. Many of my clients are struggling with difficult relationships where they need to learn new methods of communicating, identify reoccurring and destructive patterns, or make decisions to either more fully commit to or let go of their partners. I focus on therapy to generate coping skills to deal with the changes that challenge us through our lifespan, such as separation, divorce, infertility, birth, family conflict, death or loss of a loved one, retirement, empty nest, and aging issues.
After over twenty years in practice I have extensive experience in treating anxiety and depression secondary to life stress and transitions. Many of my clients are struggling with difficult relationships where they need to learn new methods of communicating, identify reoccurring and destructive patterns, or make decisions to either more fully commit to or let go of their partners. I focus on therapy to generate coping skills to deal with the changes that challenge us through our lifespan, such as separation, divorce, infertility, birth, family conflict, death or loss of a loved one, retirement, empty nest, and aging issues.
(562) 239-4330 View (562) 239-4330
Photo of Courtney M. Banks, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Courtney M. Banks
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PPSC
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90802  (Online Only)
While being a teenager and young adult can be an exciting time, it can also be a very challenging time of life to navigate. Through my warm nature and nonjudgmental approach, I aim to create a space where you feel safe to express your true self. My number one goal is for you to be heard and understood.
While being a teenager and young adult can be an exciting time, it can also be a very challenging time of life to navigate. Through my warm nature and nonjudgmental approach, I aim to create a space where you feel safe to express your true self. My number one goal is for you to be heard and understood.
(562) 340-7380 View (562) 340-7380
Photo of Larissa A. Tittle, Marriage & Family Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Larissa A. Tittle
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, BSP
Verified
2 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90815
It is my privilege to be of service for healing the whole person: mind, body, and spirit. You may be looking to heal long standing, unresolved issues and need the empathic support of a professional. Perhaps you are seeking to clear energy blocks preventing a deeper connection to your intuition and find traditional therapy unhelpful. You are in the right place. We all go through times where life takes an unexpected turn and there is difficulty navigating it's challenges. We find ourselves feeling stuck, unfulfilled in life, or relationships with others. Allow me to help you get back into the flow of life.
It is my privilege to be of service for healing the whole person: mind, body, and spirit. You may be looking to heal long standing, unresolved issues and need the empathic support of a professional. Perhaps you are seeking to clear energy blocks preventing a deeper connection to your intuition and find traditional therapy unhelpful. You are in the right place. We all go through times where life takes an unexpected turn and there is difficulty navigating it's challenges. We find ourselves feeling stuck, unfulfilled in life, or relationships with others. Allow me to help you get back into the flow of life.
(562) 273-9426 View (562) 273-9426
Photo of Susan Mosier, Marriage & Family Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Susan Mosier
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90805
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and Certified Professional Coach with 22 years of experience in mental and behavioral health. My specific training in Transpersonal Psychology combined with solution-focused methods brings a holistic approach to my work with each person. This means we will consider all aspects of your mind/body/spirit as we help you move toward feeling better.
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist and Certified Professional Coach with 22 years of experience in mental and behavioral health. My specific training in Transpersonal Psychology combined with solution-focused methods brings a holistic approach to my work with each person. This means we will consider all aspects of your mind/body/spirit as we help you move toward feeling better.
(562) 526-0697 View (562) 526-0697
Photo of Nicholas Paul Prelesnik, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Long Beach, CA
Nicholas Paul Prelesnik
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90814  (Online Only)
No one is coming to therapy because things are great. This is what I respect and love about the relationship and seeing that change is possible. Your time is valuable and I want to give you the nudges and challenges to make you see progress. I've been told by clients that they appreciate my no-nonsense approach and calling out unhealthy behaviors. I am in long-term recovery and have navigated my own way towards significant life changes which leave me content. I've worked in dual diagnosis facilities treating substance abuse and mental health for 12 years, and I also have 11 years experience as a public high school teacher.
No one is coming to therapy because things are great. This is what I respect and love about the relationship and seeing that change is possible. Your time is valuable and I want to give you the nudges and challenges to make you see progress. I've been told by clients that they appreciate my no-nonsense approach and calling out unhealthy behaviors. I am in long-term recovery and have navigated my own way towards significant life changes which leave me content. I've worked in dual diagnosis facilities treating substance abuse and mental health for 12 years, and I also have 11 years experience as a public high school teacher.
(562) 210-0246 View (562) 210-0246
Photo of Danusia Nedilskyj, Psychologist in Long Beach, CA
Danusia Nedilskyj
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
3 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90803  (Online Only)
Hi there, does it feel like everyone seems to have it together and yet you’re still struggling to catch up or figure things out? Or maybe you have a lot going on and it feels hard to cope with it all? Major adjustments like graduating from school, becoming a new parent, beginning or ending a relationship, navigating work issues, or coping with constant worry about the future can be a lot to handle on your own! Well, you are not alone, and we can work together in space where you will not only be seen but challenged in a healthy way where you will grow and learn about yourself in order to live a meaningful, well-rounded life.
Hi there, does it feel like everyone seems to have it together and yet you’re still struggling to catch up or figure things out? Or maybe you have a lot going on and it feels hard to cope with it all? Major adjustments like graduating from school, becoming a new parent, beginning or ending a relationship, navigating work issues, or coping with constant worry about the future can be a lot to handle on your own! Well, you are not alone, and we can work together in space where you will not only be seen but challenged in a healthy way where you will grow and learn about yourself in order to live a meaningful, well-rounded life.
(562) 454-0624 View (562) 454-0624
Photo of Abby Bradecich, Psychologist in Long Beach, CA
Abby Bradecich
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90815  (Online Only)
Hello - thanks for checking out my listing. I know reaching out for therapy can be difficult, and I admire your courage in seeking support. I specialize in working with adults struggling with identity development (who am I and what do I want), anxiety, relationship concerns, parenting, career, work-life balance, and the impact of trauma. With over 15 years of experience, I am dedicated to providing the support and guidance you need to enhance your interpersonal skills, understand how your history impacts you today, deepen your emotional connections, and create fulfilling and meaningful relationships.
Hello - thanks for checking out my listing. I know reaching out for therapy can be difficult, and I admire your courage in seeking support. I specialize in working with adults struggling with identity development (who am I and what do I want), anxiety, relationship concerns, parenting, career, work-life balance, and the impact of trauma. With over 15 years of experience, I am dedicated to providing the support and guidance you need to enhance your interpersonal skills, understand how your history impacts you today, deepen your emotional connections, and create fulfilling and meaningful relationships.
(562) 554-7105 View (562) 554-7105
Photo of Joy Burgner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Joy Burgner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90802  (Online Only)
My name is Joy Burgner. I have been licensed in the state of California since 2011. I am extremely open-minded, and there have been several experiences that have occurred in my life that have led me to adopt a completely non-judgmental stance when it comes to treating my clients. These qualities tend to engender my ability to form and build a strong therapeutic alignment and leads to my clients feeling free to express, explore, and process life events, thoughts and feelings that have led to emotional distress or problems in their lives.
My name is Joy Burgner. I have been licensed in the state of California since 2011. I am extremely open-minded, and there have been several experiences that have occurred in my life that have led me to adopt a completely non-judgmental stance when it comes to treating my clients. These qualities tend to engender my ability to form and build a strong therapeutic alignment and leads to my clients feeling free to express, explore, and process life events, thoughts and feelings that have led to emotional distress or problems in their lives.
(424) 552-4281 View (424) 552-4281
Photo of Margaret Guzman, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Long Beach, CA
Margaret Guzman
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT, CPTT -C
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90803
Are you having a hard time connecting with people in your life? Are you overwhelmed at work/home/school and unable to manage the anxiety and feel stressed out? Have you been experiencing challenging life transitions and find yourself fearful or filled with unanswered questions?
Are you having a hard time connecting with people in your life? Are you overwhelmed at work/home/school and unable to manage the anxiety and feel stressed out? Have you been experiencing challenging life transitions and find yourself fearful or filled with unanswered questions?
(562) 242-7948 View (562) 242-7948
Photo of Carly Compton, Pre-Licensed Professional in Long Beach, CA
Carly Compton
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90802
Carly Compton focuses on eating disorders, body image, self-esteem, and the general connections between physical and mental health. Carly believes that every individual is capable of healing and deserves a unique treatment plan. She is non-judgmental, compassionate, empowering, and supportive. Carly has experience leading support groups, working 1:1 with individuals, and connecting individuals to resources. Carly received her Bachelor’s (B.A.) degree in Elementary Education from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa and has years of experience working in school settings as an educator and Mental Health Specialist.
Carly Compton focuses on eating disorders, body image, self-esteem, and the general connections between physical and mental health. Carly believes that every individual is capable of healing and deserves a unique treatment plan. She is non-judgmental, compassionate, empowering, and supportive. Carly has experience leading support groups, working 1:1 with individuals, and connecting individuals to resources. Carly received her Bachelor’s (B.A.) degree in Elementary Education from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa and has years of experience working in school settings as an educator and Mental Health Specialist.
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Photo of Bethany Mendoza, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Bethany Mendoza
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90803
Ms. Bethany Mendoza is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker committed to helping people transform their lives through the power of psychotherapy. Bethany earned her Master of Social Work degree from California State University, Fullerton in 2018 with a concentration in community mental health, where she built her clinical foundation working with children, adolescents, and adults with varying diagnoses including Major Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.
Ms. Bethany Mendoza is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker committed to helping people transform their lives through the power of psychotherapy. Bethany earned her Master of Social Work degree from California State University, Fullerton in 2018 with a concentration in community mental health, where she built her clinical foundation working with children, adolescents, and adults with varying diagnoses including Major Depression, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.
(562) 379-2380 View (562) 379-2380
Photo of Ross Crothers, Marriage & Family Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Ross Crothers
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90803
When it comes to my work as a therapist, I am passionate about providing a space in which my clients feel heard, understood, and appreciated. While I have worked with a variety of clients including children, adolescents, couples, families, and individuals, I feel truly privileged to provide support to each of my clients in a time of need. I believe that everyone has the capability to evoke change in their life, sometimes we just need some help figuring out how to get started.
When it comes to my work as a therapist, I am passionate about providing a space in which my clients feel heard, understood, and appreciated. While I have worked with a variety of clients including children, adolescents, couples, families, and individuals, I feel truly privileged to provide support to each of my clients in a time of need. I believe that everyone has the capability to evoke change in their life, sometimes we just need some help figuring out how to get started.
(562) 414-6537 x710 View (562) 414-6537 x710
Photo of Nishan Palaniyandi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Nishan Palaniyandi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90807
Embarking on the path of therapy is a significant decision, often indicative of a readiness for change. If you find yourself grappling with feelings of being overwhelmed or stuck due to life's challenges, you're not alone. It's also possible that you find yourself ready to explore underlying issues or traumas that you haven’t been ready to explore before. My professional expertise lies in working with adolescents and adults, with a particular focus on men's mental health, including concerns with anxiety, depression, relational conflict, self-esteem, and navigating life transitions.
Embarking on the path of therapy is a significant decision, often indicative of a readiness for change. If you find yourself grappling with feelings of being overwhelmed or stuck due to life's challenges, you're not alone. It's also possible that you find yourself ready to explore underlying issues or traumas that you haven’t been ready to explore before. My professional expertise lies in working with adolescents and adults, with a particular focus on men's mental health, including concerns with anxiety, depression, relational conflict, self-esteem, and navigating life transitions.
(562) 352-1816 View (562) 352-1816
Photo of Shayla Patron, Marriage & Family Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Shayla Patron
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LPCC
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90814
Have you ever felt alone, stuck, or overwhelmed trying to figure out who you are? Do you feel trapped in a struggle with food and your appearance? Have you tried to break free only to find yourself back in a battle with your own thoughts? Maybe it is hard to even imagine being free when your self-worth is so closely tied to your body image and when your relationship with food feels so out of control. This way of living is exhausting and can cause destruction in many areas of life. What if freedom from that life was possible? As a therapist specializing in eating disorders, I believe it is possible to find relief from your struggle.
Have you ever felt alone, stuck, or overwhelmed trying to figure out who you are? Do you feel trapped in a struggle with food and your appearance? Have you tried to break free only to find yourself back in a battle with your own thoughts? Maybe it is hard to even imagine being free when your self-worth is so closely tied to your body image and when your relationship with food feels so out of control. This way of living is exhausting and can cause destruction in many areas of life. What if freedom from that life was possible? As a therapist specializing in eating disorders, I believe it is possible to find relief from your struggle.
(714) 947-4651 View (714) 947-4651
Photo of Melissa Bryant, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Melissa Bryant
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90802  (Online Only)
I'm a Social Worker licensed to practice in the states of Massachusetts and California trained in treating anxiety, OCD, mood disorders, life transitions, trauma, grief & loss. I am a strong advocate for social justice issues and have a commitment to working with marginalized communities over my 10+ years in the social services field. I have acquired specialized training in working with LGBTQ+ and Aging folks.
I'm a Social Worker licensed to practice in the states of Massachusetts and California trained in treating anxiety, OCD, mood disorders, life transitions, trauma, grief & loss. I am a strong advocate for social justice issues and have a commitment to working with marginalized communities over my 10+ years in the social services field. I have acquired specialized training in working with LGBTQ+ and Aging folks.
(657) 250-7952 View (657) 250-7952
Photo of Amanda Hearne, Marriage & Family Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Amanda Hearne
Marriage & Family Therapist, LPCC, LMFT, EMDR
Verified
1 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90814  (Online Only)
Perhaps you are feeling anxious, sad, or “stuck.” You may be struggling with a transition, such as becoming a new parent, starting a new job, coping with a loss, or adapting to life after a difficult medical diagnosis. Or, perhaps you find yourself overwhelmed by fear and negative feelings for no apparent reason at all. If any of this sounds familiar to you, residual, unprocessed feelings from the past may be holding you back from living the life you desire. At Onward Healing, we specialize in using online EMDR therapy to help you heal the wounds of your past, to enrich your experience of the present, and to clear a path onward.
Perhaps you are feeling anxious, sad, or “stuck.” You may be struggling with a transition, such as becoming a new parent, starting a new job, coping with a loss, or adapting to life after a difficult medical diagnosis. Or, perhaps you find yourself overwhelmed by fear and negative feelings for no apparent reason at all. If any of this sounds familiar to you, residual, unprocessed feelings from the past may be holding you back from living the life you desire. At Onward Healing, we specialize in using online EMDR therapy to help you heal the wounds of your past, to enrich your experience of the present, and to clear a path onward.
(562) 584-7799 View (562) 584-7799
Photo of Charles Andrews, Marriage & Family Therapist in Long Beach, CA
Charles Andrews
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA
Verified
3 Endorsed
Long Beach, CA 90814
I see anyone who is suffering. You want a better intimate relationship. You want a better relationship with friends, family, or at work. You're struggling with a major life decision or situation. You're grieving loss, of work, home, family. You're searching for better understanding and awareness of your emotional life. You struggle with anger and fear. You wonder "who am I now? What's going on with me?" Therapy is for whatever you want it to be for. Perhaps you simply want someone to understand your suffering. To be with you as you push into the heart of it. Into your own heart and mind. I'm here for all of it.
I see anyone who is suffering. You want a better intimate relationship. You want a better relationship with friends, family, or at work. You're struggling with a major life decision or situation. You're grieving loss, of work, home, family. You're searching for better understanding and awareness of your emotional life. You struggle with anger and fear. You wonder "who am I now? What's going on with me?" Therapy is for whatever you want it to be for. Perhaps you simply want someone to understand your suffering. To be with you as you push into the heart of it. Into your own heart and mind. I'm here for all of it.
(213) 344-5929 View (213) 344-5929
Photo of Amanda Rizo in Long Beach, CA
Amanda Rizo
MS, LPCC
Verified
Long Beach, CA 90814  (Online Only)
I am passionate about inspiring my clients to embrace and allow their well-being. I help clients cultivate authentic relationships in their lives; both with themselves and others. I provide a safe environment for clients to explore their true selves while mastering the process of creating their own realities and seeing the powerful beings they are. I support clients in living enriched and empowered lives with ease, fun, and bliss.
I am passionate about inspiring my clients to embrace and allow their well-being. I help clients cultivate authentic relationships in their lives; both with themselves and others. I provide a safe environment for clients to explore their true selves while mastering the process of creating their own realities and seeing the powerful beings they are. I support clients in living enriched and empowered lives with ease, fun, and bliss.
(424) 532-9399 View (424) 532-9399

See more therapy options for Long Beach

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Long Beach, CA

1,000+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Long Beach, CA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
88% Depression
77% Self Esteem
72% Coping Skills
71% Relationship Issues
70% Trauma and PTSD
63% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

69% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
68% Aetna
66% Optum

How Therapists in Long Beach, CA see their clients

57% In Person and Online
43% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Long Beach?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.