Therapists in Loma Linda, CA

Photo of Kisha Bashkiharatee, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Loma Linda, CA
Kisha Bashkiharatee
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, PhD, LPCC
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354  (Online Only)
Sometimes in life it feels like we are heading to a destination, but we don’t have the whole road map. It can be scary, confusing, and lonely. I want to support individuals in finding the tools to help navigate, redirect, and reorient their lives. I approach mental health like it is physical health. We go to doctors when something is wrong, but we also go for wellness checks and do preventative care. Therapy should be no different. Do most people come to therapy when there is a problem? Sure. But I can help to show you ways to manage your mental health and check in regularly.
Sometimes in life it feels like we are heading to a destination, but we don’t have the whole road map. It can be scary, confusing, and lonely. I want to support individuals in finding the tools to help navigate, redirect, and reorient their lives. I approach mental health like it is physical health. We go to doctors when something is wrong, but we also go for wellness checks and do preventative care. Therapy should be no different. Do most people come to therapy when there is a problem? Sure. But I can help to show you ways to manage your mental health and check in regularly.
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Photo of Karin Pleasant, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Loma Linda, CA
Karin Pleasant
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354  (Online Only)
I can provide a space to process, offer alternate points of view for reflection, and collaboratively find solutions to meet support needs.
I can provide a space to process, offer alternate points of view for reflection, and collaboratively find solutions to meet support needs.
(909) 324-5338 View (909) 324-5338
Photo of Cristian Iordan, Marriage & Family Therapist in Loma Linda, CA
Cristian Iordan
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354  (Online Only)
Trained at Loma Linda University licensed as Marital and Family Therapist and Ordained as Minister, I have experience working in both outpatient and inpatient settings with youth and adults dealing with a variety of mental health issues. Licensed in California, with over 13 years of experience I specialize in treatment for Anxiety, Depression, Medical professionals' mental health, Premarital counseling, Spirituality & religion based issues.
Trained at Loma Linda University licensed as Marital and Family Therapist and Ordained as Minister, I have experience working in both outpatient and inpatient settings with youth and adults dealing with a variety of mental health issues. Licensed in California, with over 13 years of experience I specialize in treatment for Anxiety, Depression, Medical professionals' mental health, Premarital counseling, Spirituality & religion based issues.
(909) 245-6656 View (909) 245-6656
Photo of Bilingual Therapist Mercedes C. Harrison-Hinestroza, Marriage & Family Therapist in Loma Linda, CA
Bilingual Therapist Mercedes C. Harrison-Hinestroza
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Loma Linda, CA 92354  (Online Only)
We as human beings are impacted by the experiences of our lives even from before birth to present. Sometimes, some of these experiences are so destructive that make us feel trapped, without knowing what to do. In turn, these feelings negatively alter the way we relate to others and ourselves and produce symptoms of depression; anxiety; insecurity; panic attacks; and compulsive, controlling, aggressive or abusive behaviors. All these symptoms are defensive reactions and indicative that something, deep inside us is not well and that we need help.
We as human beings are impacted by the experiences of our lives even from before birth to present. Sometimes, some of these experiences are so destructive that make us feel trapped, without knowing what to do. In turn, these feelings negatively alter the way we relate to others and ourselves and produce symptoms of depression; anxiety; insecurity; panic attacks; and compulsive, controlling, aggressive or abusive behaviors. All these symptoms are defensive reactions and indicative that something, deep inside us is not well and that we need help.
(909) 344-5460 View (909) 344-5460
Photo of Julie Boutros Soliman, Psychologist in Loma Linda, CA
Julie Boutros Soliman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Loma Linda, CA 92354
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist working with children, adolescents and adults. I have extensive experience working with children and adolescents with a variety of issues including emotional and behavioral disturbances, eating disorders, suicidality, criminal and gang involvement, and substance abuse. I also has experience working with adults struggling with depression, anxiety, and interpersonal relationship difficulties.
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist working with children, adolescents and adults. I have extensive experience working with children and adolescents with a variety of issues including emotional and behavioral disturbances, eating disorders, suicidality, criminal and gang involvement, and substance abuse. I also has experience working with adults struggling with depression, anxiety, and interpersonal relationship difficulties.
(909) 551-3026 View (909) 551-3026
Photo of Loriann Hetterle, Counselor in Loma Linda, CA
Loriann Hetterle
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Loma Linda, CA 92354  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Anxiety, depression, and relationship concerns are just a few of the challenges that threaten to overwhelm us. Unexpected loss, disappointing dreams, lonely relationships, and feelings of being less than or undeserving lead to questions like, “what am I doing wrong?” and “how did I get here?” Perhaps you feel like you’re doing everything right and it’s still not working. Carefully-controlled narratives mask messy, doubt-filled, anxiety-ridden moments. Maybe you even wonder, “Am I enough?”
Anxiety, depression, and relationship concerns are just a few of the challenges that threaten to overwhelm us. Unexpected loss, disappointing dreams, lonely relationships, and feelings of being less than or undeserving lead to questions like, “what am I doing wrong?” and “how did I get here?” Perhaps you feel like you’re doing everything right and it’s still not working. Carefully-controlled narratives mask messy, doubt-filled, anxiety-ridden moments. Maybe you even wonder, “Am I enough?”
(909) 328-1711 View (909) 328-1711
Photo of Ivannnia Alay, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Loma Linda, CA
Ivannnia Alay
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354  (Online Only)
Are you ready to start your healing journey? Healing is possible and you have everything you need within you to start this journey. I am simply a guide to help you become self aware and empowered. I believe in a faith based approach, while respecting all views. I would love to work with women who are ready to recover. I also specialize in eating disorders, and understand how complex eating disorders can be. I am a certified domestic violence advocate and trained in trauma informed care.
Are you ready to start your healing journey? Healing is possible and you have everything you need within you to start this journey. I am simply a guide to help you become self aware and empowered. I believe in a faith based approach, while respecting all views. I would love to work with women who are ready to recover. I also specialize in eating disorders, and understand how complex eating disorders can be. I am a certified domestic violence advocate and trained in trauma informed care.
(657) 837-1768 View (657) 837-1768
Photo of Felicia A Payton, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Loma Linda, CA
Felicia A Payton
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT, DACC
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354  (Online Only)
As an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist, this opportunity has given me an understanding of how to provide psychoeducation, psychotherapy as well as trauma-informed systemic approaches to helping others make positive changes in their lives for a better future in the state of California and Washington St. It is my goal to help my clients gain the tools they need to flourish, and I can provide whatever is needed to help my patients and clients grow. I use CBT and DBT as my primary psychotherapy tools, as well as a systemic approach that involves the use of Genograms so that a family or the patient can gain a deeper understanding.
As an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist, this opportunity has given me an understanding of how to provide psychoeducation, psychotherapy as well as trauma-informed systemic approaches to helping others make positive changes in their lives for a better future in the state of California and Washington St. It is my goal to help my clients gain the tools they need to flourish, and I can provide whatever is needed to help my patients and clients grow. I use CBT and DBT as my primary psychotherapy tools, as well as a systemic approach that involves the use of Genograms so that a family or the patient can gain a deeper understanding.
(909) 552-8953 View (909) 552-8953
Photo of Melissa Rose, Marriage & Family Therapist in Loma Linda, CA
Melissa Rose
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354  (Online Only)
My passion lies in helping individuals heal from emotional and relational wounds to enable them to live more fulfilling lives with healthier relationships. Some of my specialties include trauma/PTSD, relational issues, family of origin issues, eating disorder recovery (outpatient and medically stabilized), women's issues, and working with the LGBTQ+ community. You might be a fit for me if your goals for therapy include better understanding yourself and others, improving relational functioning, and higher sense of self-worth and self-esteem.
My passion lies in helping individuals heal from emotional and relational wounds to enable them to live more fulfilling lives with healthier relationships. Some of my specialties include trauma/PTSD, relational issues, family of origin issues, eating disorder recovery (outpatient and medically stabilized), women's issues, and working with the LGBTQ+ community. You might be a fit for me if your goals for therapy include better understanding yourself and others, improving relational functioning, and higher sense of self-worth and self-esteem.
(909) 324-3297 View (909) 324-3297
Photo of Veronica D Swink-Williams, Marriage & Family Therapist in Loma Linda, CA
Veronica D Swink-Williams
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354  (Online Only)
What's standing in the way of you having a healthy relationship? Relationships are challenging. Finding one and maintaining a healthy one can feel even tougher. Whether we didn’t learn the skills to do so or our past hurts are getting in the way, we often find ourselves stuck or unsure how to form lasting and meaningful relationships. Let’s work together to uncover unconscious beliefs holding you back and heal past traumas impacting your ability to love yourself and be content in your relationships. Together we can discover effective ways to express your inner most feelings, unmet needs, and rekindle love.
What's standing in the way of you having a healthy relationship? Relationships are challenging. Finding one and maintaining a healthy one can feel even tougher. Whether we didn’t learn the skills to do so or our past hurts are getting in the way, we often find ourselves stuck or unsure how to form lasting and meaningful relationships. Let’s work together to uncover unconscious beliefs holding you back and heal past traumas impacting your ability to love yourself and be content in your relationships. Together we can discover effective ways to express your inner most feelings, unmet needs, and rekindle love.
(310) 361-1498 View (310) 361-1498
Photo of Ivory Mae Long, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Loma Linda, CA
Ivory Mae Long
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354
I am a licensed clinical social worker (LCSW) who has worked in various settings (school, home, inpatient, and outpatient) and have collaborated with diverse clients. I started my career working with kids with Autism for 11 years and completed a professional course study for Applied Behavioral Analysis with West Florida University in December 2010. While completing my professional studies at West Florida University, I also received my Masters's in Human Behavior from National University in December 2010.
I am a licensed clinical social worker (LCSW) who has worked in various settings (school, home, inpatient, and outpatient) and have collaborated with diverse clients. I started my career working with kids with Autism for 11 years and completed a professional course study for Applied Behavioral Analysis with West Florida University in December 2010. While completing my professional studies at West Florida University, I also received my Masters's in Human Behavior from National University in December 2010.
(760) 387-5139 View (760) 387-5139
Photo of Diane Coy Brodersen, Marriage & Family Therapist in Loma Linda, CA
Diane Coy Brodersen
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354
I believe a problem is a solution waiting to be found. I have 25 years experience seeing adults, children, teenagers, couples, and families. I've worked as a Family Court Mediator, and director of Student Counseling, Loma Linda University. My focus areas: 1.)panic attacks/anxiety disorders 2.) depression 3.) eating disorders 4.) divorce recovery 5.) adults and children from abusive/ alcoholic childhoods 6.) Christian counseling 7.) relationship issues (marital, divorce). I help clients change negative thinking, raise their self-esteem, and learn to achieve their goals. I work with clients to understand their destructive behavior and poor choices and change them
I believe a problem is a solution waiting to be found. I have 25 years experience seeing adults, children, teenagers, couples, and families. I've worked as a Family Court Mediator, and director of Student Counseling, Loma Linda University. My focus areas: 1.)panic attacks/anxiety disorders 2.) depression 3.) eating disorders 4.) divorce recovery 5.) adults and children from abusive/ alcoholic childhoods 6.) Christian counseling 7.) relationship issues (marital, divorce). I help clients change negative thinking, raise their self-esteem, and learn to achieve their goals. I work with clients to understand their destructive behavior and poor choices and change them
(909) 918-6951 View (909) 918-6951
Laura J Hodge
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354
Life can be quite an experience. Sometimes it goes along smoothly. We feel pretty happy and content. Other times it can become uncertain, even overwhelming. Handling all of the pressures and trying to find balance can become daunting. We may not do things as well as we used to and begin to feel that life is a struggle just to get through. Having support which allows you to find new and creative solutions can be just what is needed to help you get back on track.
Life can be quite an experience. Sometimes it goes along smoothly. We feel pretty happy and content. Other times it can become uncertain, even overwhelming. Handling all of the pressures and trying to find balance can become daunting. We may not do things as well as we used to and begin to feel that life is a struggle just to get through. Having support which allows you to find new and creative solutions can be just what is needed to help you get back on track.
(909) 235-9986 View (909) 235-9986
Photo of Karlee Ohm, Marriage & Family Therapist in Loma Linda, CA
Karlee Ohm
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354
If you need help now, I am here for you and will offer relief of painful symptoms. My clinical focus is on personal growth, challenges with anxiety and depression and spiritual questioning. I have a proven method for finding the root of every life challenge. The goal for all my clients is for each and every one of them to obtain total peace and clarity for themselves. My therapeutic approach is non-judgmental, open and honest. I also offer Neurofeedback therapy that will help reduce symptoms of anxiety and ADHD/ADD. Request a free assessment to determine if Neurofeedback is right for you. In-person or virtual therapy offered.
If you need help now, I am here for you and will offer relief of painful symptoms. My clinical focus is on personal growth, challenges with anxiety and depression and spiritual questioning. I have a proven method for finding the root of every life challenge. The goal for all my clients is for each and every one of them to obtain total peace and clarity for themselves. My therapeutic approach is non-judgmental, open and honest. I also offer Neurofeedback therapy that will help reduce symptoms of anxiety and ADHD/ADD. Request a free assessment to determine if Neurofeedback is right for you. In-person or virtual therapy offered.
(909) 455-9519 View (909) 455-9519
Photo of Jacquelyn Brown, Psychologist in Loma Linda, CA
Jacquelyn Brown
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92350
My goal is to help people live fully and unencumbered by their past. All too often we are held back by our attitudes and behaviors, confused as to why we feel anxious, sad or lost. It is difficult to make changes when you don't understand the reason behind your thoughts and behaviors. Understanding ourselves and our past in a deeper way allows us to break free of unhealthy relationships and attitudes. The more aware we are of ourselves and the world the more choices we have as to how we live our lives.
My goal is to help people live fully and unencumbered by their past. All too often we are held back by our attitudes and behaviors, confused as to why we feel anxious, sad or lost. It is difficult to make changes when you don't understand the reason behind your thoughts and behaviors. Understanding ourselves and our past in a deeper way allows us to break free of unhealthy relationships and attitudes. The more aware we are of ourselves and the world the more choices we have as to how we live our lives.
(909) 315-4132 View (909) 315-4132
Photo of Serenipath Counseling and Wellness Center , Marriage & Family Therapist in Loma Linda, CA
Serenipath Counseling and Wellness Center
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Loma Linda, CA 92350
We are a small group practice that prioritizes whole person care and believes that a positive therapeutic relationship is the most important factor in your healing process. Some of our specialty areas include therapy for: OCD and related anxiety disorders; trauma/ PTSD; child and adolescent mental health; women's issues; and family or other relationship issues.
We are a small group practice that prioritizes whole person care and believes that a positive therapeutic relationship is the most important factor in your healing process. Some of our specialty areas include therapy for: OCD and related anxiety disorders; trauma/ PTSD; child and adolescent mental health; women's issues; and family or other relationship issues.
(909) 646-4122 View (909) 646-4122
Photo of Fredric Rabinowitz, Psychologist in Loma Linda, CA
Fredric Rabinowitz
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354
Waitlist for new clients
It takes courage, strength, and commitment to want to improve your life and follow through with your vision. Whether you want to make behavioral, emotional, spiritual, interpersonal, or health related changes, I will help you explore the issues in depth. I want to hear and understand the context of your story. I will bring passion to our interactions and provide you with honest feedback. I will support you in finding meaning in your struggle and create an open atmosphere where you can look at all of your options as you decide how to take the next steps in your life journey.
It takes courage, strength, and commitment to want to improve your life and follow through with your vision. Whether you want to make behavioral, emotional, spiritual, interpersonal, or health related changes, I will help you explore the issues in depth. I want to hear and understand the context of your story. I will bring passion to our interactions and provide you with honest feedback. I will support you in finding meaning in your struggle and create an open atmosphere where you can look at all of your options as you decide how to take the next steps in your life journey.
(909) 584-5480 View (909) 584-5480
Photo of Caroline Daravi, Psychologist in Loma Linda, CA
Caroline Daravi
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Loma Linda, CA 92354
"Out beyond ideas of wrong doing and right doing there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi. The heart of my work is to assist you to live an emotionally authentic life in relationship to yourself and others. In the process of discovering your true self you will learn how certain emotions, behaviors and beliefs have affected your life and your relationships and you will become empowered to make important changes. My style is warm, and non-judgmental at the same time I am direct and confrontive.
"Out beyond ideas of wrong doing and right doing there is a field. I'll meet you there." Rumi. The heart of my work is to assist you to live an emotionally authentic life in relationship to yourself and others. In the process of discovering your true self you will learn how certain emotions, behaviors and beliefs have affected your life and your relationships and you will become empowered to make important changes. My style is warm, and non-judgmental at the same time I am direct and confrontive.
(909) 265-4906 View (909) 265-4906
Photo of Susan Lehrman, Marriage & Family Therapist in Loma Linda, CA
Susan Lehrman
Marriage & Family Therapist
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354
Choosing to get help is a sometimes difficult and courageous decision, especially in these difficult times. As of March 2020, I have begun doing telehealth. I will try to help you to feel as comfortable as possible from our first contact. I know that the biggest compliment I can receive is to be told how “real” clients find me to be, and how understood they feel. I have been in practice in Redlands for more than 25 years, and I utilize various techniques, tailoring my interventions to meet the client’s needs. I believe that it is the relationship between the client and therapist that has the most to do with growth.
Choosing to get help is a sometimes difficult and courageous decision, especially in these difficult times. As of March 2020, I have begun doing telehealth. I will try to help you to feel as comfortable as possible from our first contact. I know that the biggest compliment I can receive is to be told how “real” clients find me to be, and how understood they feel. I have been in practice in Redlands for more than 25 years, and I utilize various techniques, tailoring my interventions to meet the client’s needs. I believe that it is the relationship between the client and therapist that has the most to do with growth.
(909) 570-1770 View (909) 570-1770
Photo of Kelly C Rivinius, Psychologist in Loma Linda, CA
Kelly C Rivinius
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Loma Linda, CA 92354
No matter your story, I will meet you at the point of your specific need. Whether you are a mother experiencing a perinatal mood disorder while desperately trying to hold on; if you are an adult having difficulty reconciling your needs for love and care with what have so far been disappointing and invalidating relationships; whether you feel like you have been anxious and depressed for longer than you can remember; or you struggle for your body to believe what your mind has heard a thousand times - that you are safe and valued and loved - I can help.
No matter your story, I will meet you at the point of your specific need. Whether you are a mother experiencing a perinatal mood disorder while desperately trying to hold on; if you are an adult having difficulty reconciling your needs for love and care with what have so far been disappointing and invalidating relationships; whether you feel like you have been anxious and depressed for longer than you can remember; or you struggle for your body to believe what your mind has heard a thousand times - that you are safe and valued and loved - I can help.
(909) 922-7604 View (909) 922-7604

See more therapy options for Loma Linda

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Loma Linda, CA

60+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Loma Linda, CA who prioritize treating:

98% Anxiety
92% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
74% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills
64% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

58% Aetna
53% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
47% Other

How Therapists in Loma Linda, CA see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

87% Female
12% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Loma Linda?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.