Therapists in Lake Forest, CA

Photo of Kenneth Woog, PsyD, Psychologist
Kenneth Woog
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
If you or a loved one is struggling with computer/video gaming/internet or other behavioral addictions let us help. While we can't reclaim the years lost to computer and other media excesses, we help clients bring their life back in balance. We work together in treatment to restore valued relationships, educational and career direction and to improve overall health and wellbeing. The Computer Addiction Treatment Program of Southern California includes outpatient, 3 day weekend intensive residential treatment and parent support groups. An initial 30 minute phone consultation is available for $75.
If you or a loved one is struggling with computer/video gaming/internet or other behavioral addictions let us help. While we can't reclaim the years lost to computer and other media excesses, we help clients bring their life back in balance. We work together in treatment to restore valued relationships, educational and career direction and to improve overall health and wellbeing. The Computer Addiction Treatment Program of Southern California includes outpatient, 3 day weekend intensive residential treatment and parent support groups. An initial 30 minute phone consultation is available for $75.
(949) 342-4821 View (949) 342-4821
Photo of Kristine Villanueva, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kristine Villanueva
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
My name is Kristine Villanueva, and I am a licensed marriage and family therapist (MFT 91314) providing therapy to adults who struggle with anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and PTSD. I value a person-centered approach and provide a non-judgmental and supportive environment for growth and healing. I typically work with individuals with anxiety, depression, survivors of trauma, or individuals diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, and personality disorders.
My name is Kristine Villanueva, and I am a licensed marriage and family therapist (MFT 91314) providing therapy to adults who struggle with anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and PTSD. I value a person-centered approach and provide a non-judgmental and supportive environment for growth and healing. I typically work with individuals with anxiety, depression, survivors of trauma, or individuals diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, and personality disorders.
(949) 806-5160 View (949) 806-5160
Photo of Cherrelle Brown, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Cherrelle Brown
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
Hello! My name is Cherrelle Brown and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in the state of California. I work with individuals ages 13+ and couples looking for a safe therapeutic space to search for their sense of purpose. My areas of focus include coping skills, depression, peer relationships, stress, anxiety, trauma & PTSD, and grief, amongst others. My theoretical approach is cognitive behavioral and trauma-focused.
Hello! My name is Cherrelle Brown and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in the state of California. I work with individuals ages 13+ and couples looking for a safe therapeutic space to search for their sense of purpose. My areas of focus include coping skills, depression, peer relationships, stress, anxiety, trauma & PTSD, and grief, amongst others. My theoretical approach is cognitive behavioral and trauma-focused.
(949) 649-8885 View (949) 649-8885
Photo of Rana Choi-Yamamura, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rana Choi-Yamamura
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
My name is Rana Choi Yamamura and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I am looking forward to partnering with and supporting you if you are feeling overwhelmed and stressed with life's changes and transitions. I specialize in the areas of stress; anxiety; life transitions; chronic illness; caregiver stress; grief/loss; and women's issues including perinatal and postpartum. My approach is to meet you where you are and create a compassionate and caring space that is comfortable and non-judgmental. I look forward to accompanying you on this path of change and growth.
My name is Rana Choi Yamamura and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. I am looking forward to partnering with and supporting you if you are feeling overwhelmed and stressed with life's changes and transitions. I specialize in the areas of stress; anxiety; life transitions; chronic illness; caregiver stress; grief/loss; and women's issues including perinatal and postpartum. My approach is to meet you where you are and create a compassionate and caring space that is comfortable and non-judgmental. I look forward to accompanying you on this path of change and growth.
(949) 203-7341 View (949) 203-7341
Photo of John Machikawa, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
John Machikawa
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
My name is John Machikawa. I am a LCSW from the state of California. I work with individuals with depression, anxiety, personality disorders, and addiction. I focus on the following treatment modalities including motivation interviewing, cognitive behavioral therapy, psychoeducation, psychodynamic, and Rogerian. I focus on clients that are looking for safe space to process their thoughts and feeling. I start wherever the client is at and focus on their individual needs and goals.
My name is John Machikawa. I am a LCSW from the state of California. I work with individuals with depression, anxiety, personality disorders, and addiction. I focus on the following treatment modalities including motivation interviewing, cognitive behavioral therapy, psychoeducation, psychodynamic, and Rogerian. I focus on clients that are looking for safe space to process their thoughts and feeling. I start wherever the client is at and focus on their individual needs and goals.
(949) 868-1924 View (949) 868-1924
Photo of Leya Worcester Bray, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Leya Worcester Bray
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Does it feel like you’ve lost yourself in taking care of everyone else’s needs while your needs have taken a back seat? When you have codependent tendencies, you give people your time and energy, but feel depleted and burnt out. You put on your happy face and expend a lot of energy trying to make the people around you feel comfortable. But they don’t know how uncomfortable you feel on the inside. They don’t know that tension makes you anxious, or that you only really see your value as a person unless someone else does. You can change your codependent patterns and begin trusting yourself, taking care of yourself, and loving yourself.
Does it feel like you’ve lost yourself in taking care of everyone else’s needs while your needs have taken a back seat? When you have codependent tendencies, you give people your time and energy, but feel depleted and burnt out. You put on your happy face and expend a lot of energy trying to make the people around you feel comfortable. But they don’t know how uncomfortable you feel on the inside. They don’t know that tension makes you anxious, or that you only really see your value as a person unless someone else does. You can change your codependent patterns and begin trusting yourself, taking care of yourself, and loving yourself.
(949) 997-1742 View (949) 997-1742
Photo of Megan Poupard, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Megan Poupard
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630  (Online Only)
My experience working with clients with OCD, eating disorders, and more has taught me how important it is to understand the story behind the symptoms. No two cases of eating disorders or OCD are alike; treating them as such is a disservice to the complexity that each client brings to therapy. My goal in working with you is to develop a deep understanding of the adaptive purpose your struggles have served, and when ready, working collaboratively in creating a life unrestricted and on your terms.
My experience working with clients with OCD, eating disorders, and more has taught me how important it is to understand the story behind the symptoms. No two cases of eating disorders or OCD are alike; treating them as such is a disservice to the complexity that each client brings to therapy. My goal in working with you is to develop a deep understanding of the adaptive purpose your struggles have served, and when ready, working collaboratively in creating a life unrestricted and on your terms.
(949) 401-7381 View (949) 401-7381
Photo of April Dona, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
April Dona
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
I specialize in Equine Assisted Psychotherapy and Equine Assisted EMDR. With the help of the horses, my goal is to help you move beyond your past to live more fully in the present. You may be carrying the emotional burden of trauma, a toxic relationship or family dynamic. If you feel stuck in a cycle of pain and dysregulation, my hope is to guide you into healing, leaving the past where it should be. I will work with you to restore your sense of well-being and your hope in a bright future.
I specialize in Equine Assisted Psychotherapy and Equine Assisted EMDR. With the help of the horses, my goal is to help you move beyond your past to live more fully in the present. You may be carrying the emotional burden of trauma, a toxic relationship or family dynamic. If you feel stuck in a cycle of pain and dysregulation, my hope is to guide you into healing, leaving the past where it should be. I will work with you to restore your sense of well-being and your hope in a bright future.
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Photo of Paulette Clark, MA, MPC, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Paulette Clark
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MPC, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
YOU have a unique ability and drive towards health and wholeness mentally, physically, and spiritually, and to relate to others in meaningful ways. Due to various experiences or traumas, that natural process can become blocked causing depression, anxiety, and disconnection from others. I enjoy working toward establishing safe, fun ways to find FREEDOM to bring joy and fulfillment! I welcome the opportunity to help you in your journey!
YOU have a unique ability and drive towards health and wholeness mentally, physically, and spiritually, and to relate to others in meaningful ways. Due to various experiences or traumas, that natural process can become blocked causing depression, anxiety, and disconnection from others. I enjoy working toward establishing safe, fun ways to find FREEDOM to bring joy and fulfillment! I welcome the opportunity to help you in your journey!
(949) 529-5598 View (949) 529-5598
Photo of Melinda Herzfeld, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Melinda Herzfeld
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630  (Online Only)
Most people seek therapy because something is out of balance in their lives. Maybe you have an idea of what that is, a relationship problem, work &/or financial stress, depression or anxiety. As many of my client’s, have said, opening up wasn’t easy but the result was well worth it. From many years of experience, I know relationships can be challenging. Do you wonder why yours is not working & want the relationship to be fulfilling again ? I create a safe & trusting environment to open the lines of communication which fosters a deeper understanding of ourselves & others.
Most people seek therapy because something is out of balance in their lives. Maybe you have an idea of what that is, a relationship problem, work &/or financial stress, depression or anxiety. As many of my client’s, have said, opening up wasn’t easy but the result was well worth it. From many years of experience, I know relationships can be challenging. Do you wonder why yours is not working & want the relationship to be fulfilling again ? I create a safe & trusting environment to open the lines of communication which fosters a deeper understanding of ourselves & others.
(949) 272-0188 View (949) 272-0188
Photo of Chandra Medina, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Chandra Medina
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Lake Forest, CA 92630
I help men & women find freedom through emotional healing. As a therapist, I know that genuine connection is a powerful healer. I know what it's like to feel like no one understands what you are going through, to care for everyone else while your story gets lost in the background. Unfortunately, I had some really "not so good" experiences with therapists, which lit a fire in me to become for others what I wish I had. You deserve the same love and care that you give others. Most of the time the healing journey ends with a newfound relationship with yourself building the bridge to who you want to be.
I help men & women find freedom through emotional healing. As a therapist, I know that genuine connection is a powerful healer. I know what it's like to feel like no one understands what you are going through, to care for everyone else while your story gets lost in the background. Unfortunately, I had some really "not so good" experiences with therapists, which lit a fire in me to become for others what I wish I had. You deserve the same love and care that you give others. Most of the time the healing journey ends with a newfound relationship with yourself building the bridge to who you want to be.
(949) 998-4541 View (949) 998-4541
Photo of Courtney Sparkuhl, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Courtney Sparkuhl
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630  (Online Only)
I am an ADHD certified (ADHD-CCSP) therapist with ten years of experience in the medical field counseling patients and their families. I specialize in executive functioning therapy. Executive functioning skills include the ability to focus attention, manage impulses and emotions, organize, and plan. These skills are most commonly challenged by ADHD. Executive functioning is also impaired with high stress such as when you are navigating something new in your life: a medical diagnosis, a new baby, or divorce.
I am an ADHD certified (ADHD-CCSP) therapist with ten years of experience in the medical field counseling patients and their families. I specialize in executive functioning therapy. Executive functioning skills include the ability to focus attention, manage impulses and emotions, organize, and plan. These skills are most commonly challenged by ADHD. Executive functioning is also impaired with high stress such as when you are navigating something new in your life: a medical diagnosis, a new baby, or divorce.
(949) 676-6794 View (949) 676-6794
Photo of Nadia Teymoorian, LMFT, , PsyD, Marriage & Family Therapist
Nadia Teymoorian
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, PsyD
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
There are circumstances in life that can prevent individuals to enjoy life to its fullest. Regardless of the reason, psychotherapy is a powerful and beneficial tool for healing and personal growth. I'm here to offer you support and guidance through the process. My approach is tailored to each individual based on each individual’s unique needs that sometimes involves identifying strengths, building self-confidence and self-acceptance as well as challenging unhealthy beliefs and coping strategies in a therapeutic, supportive and non-judgmental atmosphere.
There are circumstances in life that can prevent individuals to enjoy life to its fullest. Regardless of the reason, psychotherapy is a powerful and beneficial tool for healing and personal growth. I'm here to offer you support and guidance through the process. My approach is tailored to each individual based on each individual’s unique needs that sometimes involves identifying strengths, building self-confidence and self-acceptance as well as challenging unhealthy beliefs and coping strategies in a therapeutic, supportive and non-judgmental atmosphere.
(949) 238-1694 View (949) 238-1694
Photo of Mark Wojciechowski, LMFT, MA, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mark Wojciechowski
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630  (Online Only)
Your life was intended to be lived with bold laughter, lasting and accepting love, and intentional significance. This is often hard to attain through our efforts alone. We may drift off course or abandon it altogether when we don’t have the resources to maintain our own goals. The first step to change your direction is usually the most difficult, but most important. I’m here to help you with your first steps and help you get to where you want to be in your relationships or your life in general.
Your life was intended to be lived with bold laughter, lasting and accepting love, and intentional significance. This is often hard to attain through our efforts alone. We may drift off course or abandon it altogether when we don’t have the resources to maintain our own goals. The first step to change your direction is usually the most difficult, but most important. I’m here to help you with your first steps and help you get to where you want to be in your relationships or your life in general.
(949) 990-5903 View (949) 990-5903
Photo of Susan J Novak, PhD, Psychologist
Susan J Novak
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
Whether you are struggling with depression, suffering with anxiety or panic attacks, wrestling with your marriage, coping with divorce, dealing with an illness or death, feeling controlled or humiliated by your significant other, or living with a history of sexual abuse or assault, I can help you work on these issues. With over 22 years of clinical experience, I have helped many people improve their lives. Find your solutions and start feeling better today!
Whether you are struggling with depression, suffering with anxiety or panic attacks, wrestling with your marriage, coping with divorce, dealing with an illness or death, feeling controlled or humiliated by your significant other, or living with a history of sexual abuse or assault, I can help you work on these issues. With over 22 years of clinical experience, I have helped many people improve their lives. Find your solutions and start feeling better today!
(949) 245-6733 View (949) 245-6733
Photo of Malissa Page, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Malissa Page
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
Hi there, I'm Malissa Page, an experienced Clinical Social Worker licensed in California and Washington State. My therapy approach is centered on creating a safe and empowering environment for women to explore their unique experiences. I utilize a range of effective therapeutic techniques to help women overcome difficult and traumatic events while encouraging them to tap into their inner strength, build resilience, and create a fulfilling and purposeful life in alignment with their authentic selves.
Hi there, I'm Malissa Page, an experienced Clinical Social Worker licensed in California and Washington State. My therapy approach is centered on creating a safe and empowering environment for women to explore their unique experiences. I utilize a range of effective therapeutic techniques to help women overcome difficult and traumatic events while encouraging them to tap into their inner strength, build resilience, and create a fulfilling and purposeful life in alignment with their authentic selves.
(949) 990-3168 View (949) 990-3168
Photo of Susan J Novak, PhD, Psychologist
Susan J Novak
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Lake Forest, CA 92630
Whether you are struggling with depression, suffering with anxiety or panic attacks, wrestling with your marriage, coping with divorce, dealing with an illness or death, feeling controlled or humiliated by your significant other, or living with a history of sexual abuse or assault, I can help you work on these issues. With over 22 years of clinical experience, I have helped many people improve their lives. Find your solutions and start feeling better today!
Whether you are struggling with depression, suffering with anxiety or panic attacks, wrestling with your marriage, coping with divorce, dealing with an illness or death, feeling controlled or humiliated by your significant other, or living with a history of sexual abuse or assault, I can help you work on these issues. With over 22 years of clinical experience, I have helped many people improve their lives. Find your solutions and start feeling better today!
(949) 297-6680 View (949) 297-6680
Photo of Josie Koger, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Josie Koger
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
Hi there, my name is Josephine Koger and I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Ventura, California, and working statewide via telehealth. I work with adults, adolescents, and couples from diverse socio-economic, cultural, and ethnic backgrounds with a variety of presenting problems, ranging from anxiety, depression, grief and loss, psychological trauma, relationship difficulties, and phase of life issues. I most frequently use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Person-Centered Therapy, and Mindfulness.
Hi there, my name is Josephine Koger and I am a licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT) based in Ventura, California, and working statewide via telehealth. I work with adults, adolescents, and couples from diverse socio-economic, cultural, and ethnic backgrounds with a variety of presenting problems, ranging from anxiety, depression, grief and loss, psychological trauma, relationship difficulties, and phase of life issues. I most frequently use Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Person-Centered Therapy, and Mindfulness.
(949) 776-8253 View (949) 776-8253
Photo of Sylvia Botros, LPCC, Counselor
Sylvia Botros
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Sylvia Botros, a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor dedicated to guiding individuals through challenges and fostering positive change. My approach is rooted in compassion, utilizing a strength-based model to empower clients toward personal growth. I specialize in working with a diverse range of individuals, including adolescents, young adults, adults, and seniors, addressing various challenges such as anxiety, depression, and stress. My approach involves fostering trusting relationships in a culturally sensitive and non-judgmental environment.
Hello, I'm Sylvia Botros, a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor dedicated to guiding individuals through challenges and fostering positive change. My approach is rooted in compassion, utilizing a strength-based model to empower clients toward personal growth. I specialize in working with a diverse range of individuals, including adolescents, young adults, adults, and seniors, addressing various challenges such as anxiety, depression, and stress. My approach involves fostering trusting relationships in a culturally sensitive and non-judgmental environment.
(916) 848-6778 View (916) 848-6778
Photo of Ruby Nieto Padilla, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ruby Nieto Padilla
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Lake Forest, CA 92630
Hello, my name is Ruby Nieto Padilla. I am a Spanish-speaking, Licensed Marriage Family Therapist. I have over 10 years of experience with the Latino population and in, particular, in the San Gabriel Valley area. I specialize in working with children, adolescents, adults/parents, and families that have difficulty maintaining and balancing healthy, loving relationships. Using a positive problem-solving approach and client-centered techniques, I help clients identify the source of their difficulties and assist them in developing effective strategies for change.
Hello, my name is Ruby Nieto Padilla. I am a Spanish-speaking, Licensed Marriage Family Therapist. I have over 10 years of experience with the Latino population and in, particular, in the San Gabriel Valley area. I specialize in working with children, adolescents, adults/parents, and families that have difficulty maintaining and balancing healthy, loving relationships. Using a positive problem-solving approach and client-centered techniques, I help clients identify the source of their difficulties and assist them in developing effective strategies for change.
(949) 546-6673 View (949) 546-6673

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Lake Forest, CA

100+

Average cost per session

$155

Therapists in Lake Forest, CA who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
92% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
80% Self Esteem
76% Coping Skills
70% Grief
69% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% Cigna and Evernorth
64% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
63% Optum

How Therapists in Lake Forest, CA see their clients

78% In Person and Online
22% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
22% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Lake Forest?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.