Therapists in Laguna Niguel, CA

Photo of Integrated Psychological Services Inc., Psychologist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Integrated Psychological Services Inc.
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
My practice focuses on an integrative approach to assessment and treatment. The whole person is taken into consideration; the cognitive, behavioral, emotional and social aspects of the person's life. Consultation with other health care professionals, as permitted by the patient, is recommended for the most comprehensive results of treatment. Psychological testing is also offered as appropriate for intelligence/cognition, personality and memory. Age ranges treated are adult and senior. Treatment modalities are individual, conjoint, family and group psychotherapy
My practice focuses on an integrative approach to assessment and treatment. The whole person is taken into consideration; the cognitive, behavioral, emotional and social aspects of the person's life. Consultation with other health care professionals, as permitted by the patient, is recommended for the most comprehensive results of treatment. Psychological testing is also offered as appropriate for intelligence/cognition, personality and memory. Age ranges treated are adult and senior. Treatment modalities are individual, conjoint, family and group psychotherapy
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Photo of Anne Laptin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Anne Laptin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MS, LCSW
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
Not accepting new clients
My focus as a psychotherapist is to help each individual achieve their full potential. Whether there is a current challenge or a broader goal to create change, the biggest indicator of success in therapy is the rapport one has with their therapist. I provide a safe environment in my office, one of support, honesty, trust and free of judgment. This is essential to the therapeutic process and in the client's ability to feel safe and understood. I assist and help guide my clients in life transformations, to gain insight and to live a better, more meaningful life.
My focus as a psychotherapist is to help each individual achieve their full potential. Whether there is a current challenge or a broader goal to create change, the biggest indicator of success in therapy is the rapport one has with their therapist. I provide a safe environment in my office, one of support, honesty, trust and free of judgment. This is essential to the therapeutic process and in the client's ability to feel safe and understood. I assist and help guide my clients in life transformations, to gain insight and to live a better, more meaningful life.
(949) 383-4428 View (949) 383-4428
Photo of Mary-Louise Henson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Mary-Louise Henson
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677  (Online Only)
Relationships and Life Transitions can be challenging. Successful partnerships don't happen by accident. DISCOVER individual blocks to become the partner you want to be. CREATE a relationship that brings out the best in you. CHANGE unproductive thoughts and behaviors that keep you stuck. I am skilled at helping you learn and practice skills which can lead to a more fulfilled personal and professional life. I also work with "mixed agenda", couples (couples on the verge of a break up), who need short term counseling to help them make their own decision about what their next steps will be.
Relationships and Life Transitions can be challenging. Successful partnerships don't happen by accident. DISCOVER individual blocks to become the partner you want to be. CREATE a relationship that brings out the best in you. CHANGE unproductive thoughts and behaviors that keep you stuck. I am skilled at helping you learn and practice skills which can lead to a more fulfilled personal and professional life. I also work with "mixed agenda", couples (couples on the verge of a break up), who need short term counseling to help them make their own decision about what their next steps will be.
(949) 216-8968 View (949) 216-8968
Photo of Rocio Velasco, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Rocio Velasco
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
I have experience in working with trauma, medical issues and chronic pain, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, gender identity and transition, foster youth and parenting, and caregiver stress. I was first attracted to this work when I realized how empowering therapy was for individuals who had dealt with trauma and loss while I was doing volunteer work. My drive to do this work is to help others achieve freedom from some of the things that are burdensome and keep them from living their best life.
I have experience in working with trauma, medical issues and chronic pain, anxiety, depression, relationship issues, gender identity and transition, foster youth and parenting, and caregiver stress. I was first attracted to this work when I realized how empowering therapy was for individuals who had dealt with trauma and loss while I was doing volunteer work. My drive to do this work is to help others achieve freedom from some of the things that are burdensome and keep them from living their best life.
(949) 894-4442 View (949) 894-4442
Photo of Sarah Ryan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Sarah Ryan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, EMDR-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677  (Online Only)
I am a licensed clinical social worker and certified EMDR therapist that enjoys working with adults across the lifespan. I have experience working with diverse adult populations experiencing mood disorders, anxiety, low self-esteem, grief, trauma, relational difficulties, and family of origin issues. I specialize in trauma and particularly enjoy working with individuals whose past experiences are impacting their ability to connect with others, navigate life transitions, or regulate emotions. Additionally, I have received advanced training in Perinatal Mental Health through PSI and enjoy working with this population.
I am a licensed clinical social worker and certified EMDR therapist that enjoys working with adults across the lifespan. I have experience working with diverse adult populations experiencing mood disorders, anxiety, low self-esteem, grief, trauma, relational difficulties, and family of origin issues. I specialize in trauma and particularly enjoy working with individuals whose past experiences are impacting their ability to connect with others, navigate life transitions, or regulate emotions. Additionally, I have received advanced training in Perinatal Mental Health through PSI and enjoy working with this population.
(949) 519-4248 View (949) 519-4248
Photo of Julie A Davis, Psychologist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Julie A Davis
Psychologist, MA, PsyD
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
For the past 20 years, I have worked in Hospitals, Inpatient and Outpatient, Eating Disorder Clinics, a Women and Children's Domestic Violence Crisis Shelter, non-profit counseling centers for families and in an extremely challenging College setting with ages 17-65.In my private practice I see Individuals, couples, children and families. My experience working in numerous settings with people from diverse backgrounds with mild to severe mental health issues, has helped me develop a level of professional competence to help you and your family members with the highest level of care. Your well-being is my highest priority.
For the past 20 years, I have worked in Hospitals, Inpatient and Outpatient, Eating Disorder Clinics, a Women and Children's Domestic Violence Crisis Shelter, non-profit counseling centers for families and in an extremely challenging College setting with ages 17-65.In my private practice I see Individuals, couples, children and families. My experience working in numerous settings with people from diverse backgrounds with mild to severe mental health issues, has helped me develop a level of professional competence to help you and your family members with the highest level of care. Your well-being is my highest priority.
(949) 287-2871 View (949) 287-2871
Photo of Pamela Moldauer, Marriage & Family Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Pamela Moldauer
Marriage & Family Therapist, LCSW, MFT
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677  (Online Only)
I have been in practice in Laguna Niguel for over 25 years. I know it is challenging to find a therapist , especially when you are experiencing personal stress. My clients tell me I am down to earth, open-minded, and non-judgemental. I am a practical and active therapist, giving feedback and suggestions to help clients find solutions and relief from personal, family or marital conflict.. I work with older adolescents, adults, couples and families.
I have been in practice in Laguna Niguel for over 25 years. I know it is challenging to find a therapist , especially when you are experiencing personal stress. My clients tell me I am down to earth, open-minded, and non-judgemental. I am a practical and active therapist, giving feedback and suggestions to help clients find solutions and relief from personal, family or marital conflict.. I work with older adolescents, adults, couples and families.
(949) 247-8129 View (949) 247-8129
Photo of Dr. Jeanne Moore, Psychologist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Dr. Jeanne Moore
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
I have a passion for treating children, teens and adults who have symptoms of anxiety, depression and psychosis. My clinical background includes extensive training in working with children, teens and adults. After graduating with a Doctorate of Psychology degree, I worked as a Clinical Psychologist I and II for Orange County Health Care Agency. I also worked as a a clinical supervisor at West County Counseling Center. I have been in private practice for the past 20 years and truly enjoy my work as a Clinical Psychologist.
I have a passion for treating children, teens and adults who have symptoms of anxiety, depression and psychosis. My clinical background includes extensive training in working with children, teens and adults. After graduating with a Doctorate of Psychology degree, I worked as a Clinical Psychologist I and II for Orange County Health Care Agency. I also worked as a a clinical supervisor at West County Counseling Center. I have been in private practice for the past 20 years and truly enjoy my work as a Clinical Psychologist.
(949) 433-9546 View (949) 433-9546
Photo of Haley Dwelley (Figueroa), Marriage & Family Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Haley Dwelley (Figueroa)
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
As a therapist and brain health coach, I work with individuals, couples and families to help guide and support the process of change, growth and overall wellbeing. I have 17 years of experience working with youth and parents in a variety of settings, over 14 years of experience supporting individuals in their health and wellness goals, and nine years of experience working at the Amen Clinics in Orange County providing therapy, coaching, and brain health assessment and education. I have facilitated groups for brain health optimization, anxiety and depression, Love and Logic Parenting, Creating Brain Healthy Families, and weight loss.
As a therapist and brain health coach, I work with individuals, couples and families to help guide and support the process of change, growth and overall wellbeing. I have 17 years of experience working with youth and parents in a variety of settings, over 14 years of experience supporting individuals in their health and wellness goals, and nine years of experience working at the Amen Clinics in Orange County providing therapy, coaching, and brain health assessment and education. I have facilitated groups for brain health optimization, anxiety and depression, Love and Logic Parenting, Creating Brain Healthy Families, and weight loss.
(949) 392-6411 View (949) 392-6411
Photo of Randy Moraitis, Counselor in Laguna Niguel, CA
Randy Moraitis
Counselor, MA, CIP, BCPC, CADC II, ICADC
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
I love helping people get healthy and successful through coaching, counseling and interventions, and I truly care about my clients. I am well known for getting results, that's why many of my clients include therapists, physicians, CEO's, attorneys, and dentists. I will guide you or your loved one to achieve major breakthroughs in relationships, career, finances, spiritual life, emotional life and health and wellness. And, if you have a loved one affected by addiction or mental health issues, I would be honored to do an intervention to get them into treatment, and provide counseling services to help prevent relapse after treatment.
I love helping people get healthy and successful through coaching, counseling and interventions, and I truly care about my clients. I am well known for getting results, that's why many of my clients include therapists, physicians, CEO's, attorneys, and dentists. I will guide you or your loved one to achieve major breakthroughs in relationships, career, finances, spiritual life, emotional life and health and wellness. And, if you have a loved one affected by addiction or mental health issues, I would be honored to do an intervention to get them into treatment, and provide counseling services to help prevent relapse after treatment.
(949) 383-5443 View (949) 383-5443
Photo of Marlene Cuevas, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Marlene Cuevas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
I am Marlene Cuevas, LCSW, a bilingual (Spanish and English) licensed clinical social worker who is passionate about helping individuals cope with emotional life challenges, work through them, set goals, and implement new strategies to help you move forward. I offer a safe place where the diversity of emotions and experiences can be explored with compassion. Throughout my career, I have worked with children, teens, adults, and families.
I am Marlene Cuevas, LCSW, a bilingual (Spanish and English) licensed clinical social worker who is passionate about helping individuals cope with emotional life challenges, work through them, set goals, and implement new strategies to help you move forward. I offer a safe place where the diversity of emotions and experiences can be explored with compassion. Throughout my career, I have worked with children, teens, adults, and families.
(949) 881-5814 View (949) 881-5814
Photo of Dana Young, Marriage & Family Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Dana Young
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
Congratulations on taking your first step toward healing! Asking for help is a sign of strength, not weakness. You may feel isolated in you worries, fears, and anxieties but this is a not a journey you need to make alone. Together we will find real solutions to your struggles in a safe environment.
Congratulations on taking your first step toward healing! Asking for help is a sign of strength, not weakness. You may feel isolated in you worries, fears, and anxieties but this is a not a journey you need to make alone. Together we will find real solutions to your struggles in a safe environment.
(949) 979-7290 View (949) 979-7290
Photo of Linda Cole-Taylor, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Linda Cole-Taylor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
Regardless of the challenges you face, I believe you are the expert on you. My role is a supportive one as you identify your needs and work through complicated emotions and life experiences. Our work together is a partnership with shared aims: fewer unwanted emotions and behaviors, and a greater ability to respond to stressors. Whether you experience anxiety, grief, trauma, or interpersonal challenges, I am mindful of the vital influence of one's environment, culture, family system, and identity.
Regardless of the challenges you face, I believe you are the expert on you. My role is a supportive one as you identify your needs and work through complicated emotions and life experiences. Our work together is a partnership with shared aims: fewer unwanted emotions and behaviors, and a greater ability to respond to stressors. Whether you experience anxiety, grief, trauma, or interpersonal challenges, I am mindful of the vital influence of one's environment, culture, family system, and identity.
(714) 276-1639 View (714) 276-1639
Photo of Dr. Peter Salerno, Marriage & Family Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Dr. Peter Salerno
Marriage & Family Therapist, PsyD, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
Trauma and chronic stress make it hard to sit still. Trauma-related triggers can seriously interfere with your daily life. Distressing memories can pop up out of nowhere. All you want to do is feel like your normal self again, but you’re always on guard, always perceiving danger. It’s frustrating, exhausting, inconvenient, and painful to constantly be in fight, flight, or freeze mode. Your nerves are completely shot and nothing seems to help.
Trauma and chronic stress make it hard to sit still. Trauma-related triggers can seriously interfere with your daily life. Distressing memories can pop up out of nowhere. All you want to do is feel like your normal self again, but you’re always on guard, always perceiving danger. It’s frustrating, exhausting, inconvenient, and painful to constantly be in fight, flight, or freeze mode. Your nerves are completely shot and nothing seems to help.
(657) 293-0040 View (657) 293-0040
Photo of Cathryn Wilson, Associate Professional Clinical Counselor in Laguna Niguel, CA
Cathryn Wilson
Associate Professional Clinical Counselor, APCC, R-DMT, C-IAYT
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
In life, we often feel overwhelmed, out of control, or caught in patterns we can’t seem to escape. We may be affected by trauma, feel stuck in relationships, get caught in self defeating thought spirals or find that we are sabotaging ourselves. Many of us move around the world carrying secret struggles with negative thoughts, emotions, or urges, which disturb our day-to-day life and make waves in our relationships. Changing life circumstances-both positive (like the birth of a child) or negative (loss of a job)-can cause anxiety and strife.
In life, we often feel overwhelmed, out of control, or caught in patterns we can’t seem to escape. We may be affected by trauma, feel stuck in relationships, get caught in self defeating thought spirals or find that we are sabotaging ourselves. Many of us move around the world carrying secret struggles with negative thoughts, emotions, or urges, which disturb our day-to-day life and make waves in our relationships. Changing life circumstances-both positive (like the birth of a child) or negative (loss of a job)-can cause anxiety and strife.
(442) 239-4264 View (442) 239-4264
Photo of Dr. Brian F. Licuanan, Psychologist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Dr. Brian F. Licuanan
Psychologist, PhD, MS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677  (Online Only)
Dr. Licuanan is a board-certified psychologist, author, & speaker who treats a wide-variety of issues. Most commonly, clients seek his assistance for depression, anxiety, relationships, and substance dependence. Additionally, his M.S. in Industrial/Organizational Psychology--field of study focused on the workplace including leadership, motivation, job satisfaction, etc., is integrated into treatment for clients needing assistance with career-related concerns. Dr. Licuanan attained his Ph.D. and M.S. from the University of Oklahoma and M.A. from Pepperdine University.
Dr. Licuanan is a board-certified psychologist, author, & speaker who treats a wide-variety of issues. Most commonly, clients seek his assistance for depression, anxiety, relationships, and substance dependence. Additionally, his M.S. in Industrial/Organizational Psychology--field of study focused on the workplace including leadership, motivation, job satisfaction, etc., is integrated into treatment for clients needing assistance with career-related concerns. Dr. Licuanan attained his Ph.D. and M.S. from the University of Oklahoma and M.A. from Pepperdine University.
(714) 408-2821 View (714) 408-2821
Photo of Stephanie Swope, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Laguna Niguel, CA
Stephanie Swope
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MA, LPCC, PPS, NCC, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
Are you experiencing racing and panicked thoughts? The ‘what-ifs’ are spiraling, you're seeking reassurance from everyone around you but it isn't helping. Maybe you’re feeling overwhelmed and burned-out? Little things seem harder, like getting out of bed in the morning, or feeling motivated to see friends or family. Perhaps you’re feeling out of control, your emotions are harder to manage, or you’re arguing with loved ones. You are not alone, and in coming to this page you have already taken the first step towards restoring balance and fulfillment to your life.
Are you experiencing racing and panicked thoughts? The ‘what-ifs’ are spiraling, you're seeking reassurance from everyone around you but it isn't helping. Maybe you’re feeling overwhelmed and burned-out? Little things seem harder, like getting out of bed in the morning, or feeling motivated to see friends or family. Perhaps you’re feeling out of control, your emotions are harder to manage, or you’re arguing with loved ones. You are not alone, and in coming to this page you have already taken the first step towards restoring balance and fulfillment to your life.
(949) 516-0740 View (949) 516-0740
Photo of Jacqueline Gravell-O’Kane, Marriage & Family Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Jacqueline Gravell-O’Kane
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677  (Online Only)
You are already resilient and brave, let us use those characteristics to define the kind of life you have always wanted to live. The process to find and live the life you want can be difficult, I am here to help. Through our work together we can find the obstacles in your path and design a treatment plan and goals to tackle them.
You are already resilient and brave, let us use those characteristics to define the kind of life you have always wanted to live. The process to find and live the life you want can be difficult, I am here to help. Through our work together we can find the obstacles in your path and design a treatment plan and goals to tackle them.
(949) 763-5736 View (949) 763-5736
Photo of Stephanie Arnold, Marriage & Family Therapist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Stephanie Arnold
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
Please EMAIL for inquiries. Welcome to my practice! My life’s purpose is to help other people, and I would be honored to help you on your journey. My sessions are all tailored to my client and what they need, as there is no one-size-fits-all therapy session.
Please EMAIL for inquiries. Welcome to my practice! My life’s purpose is to help other people, and I would be honored to help you on your journey. My sessions are all tailored to my client and what they need, as there is no one-size-fits-all therapy session.
(562) 268-5372 View (562) 268-5372
Photo of Cort Curtis, Psychologist in Laguna Niguel, CA
Cort Curtis
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677
Hello and welcome to my practice. I am a licensed psychologist with over 44 years of experience practicing psychotherapy with individuals and couples. When you are feeling troubled and don't know where to turn, therapy can be a safe place to work through your difficulties and concerns. Many of us would rather try to deal with problems on our own; but when you are feeling "stuck" or when problems keep repeating, an objective person who knows how to listen can help you through a difficult time.
Hello and welcome to my practice. I am a licensed psychologist with over 44 years of experience practicing psychotherapy with individuals and couples. When you are feeling troubled and don't know where to turn, therapy can be a safe place to work through your difficulties and concerns. Many of us would rather try to deal with problems on our own; but when you are feeling "stuck" or when problems keep repeating, an objective person who knows how to listen can help you through a difficult time.
(855) 531-4416 View (855) 531-4416

See more therapy options for Laguna Niguel

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Laguna Niguel, CA

200+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in Laguna Niguel, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
78% Relationship Issues
76% Self Esteem
71% Coping Skills
70% Trauma and PTSD
65% Grief

Average years in practice

17 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

69% Aetna
65% Cigna and Evernorth
57% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Laguna Niguel, CA see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Laguna Niguel?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.