Therapists in La Canada, CA

Photo of Theresa M. Collins, MA, LMFT, CATC-IV, CAMF, Marriage & Family Therapist
Theresa M. Collins
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, CATC-IV, CAMF
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
La Canada, CA 91011
In my capacity as a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT), Certified Divorce Specialist (CDS), Certified Addictions Treatment Counselor (CATC-IV), Certified Anger Management Facilitator (CAMF), trained facilitator in Systematic Training for Effective Parenting (STEP) and Professional Consultant/Mediator on the television series "Divorce Court" (5 Seasons), I have acquired an array of therapeutic tools, which I pass along to my clients to help them along their journey of self-discovery, healing and personal growth.
In my capacity as a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFT), Certified Divorce Specialist (CDS), Certified Addictions Treatment Counselor (CATC-IV), Certified Anger Management Facilitator (CAMF), trained facilitator in Systematic Training for Effective Parenting (STEP) and Professional Consultant/Mediator on the television series "Divorce Court" (5 Seasons), I have acquired an array of therapeutic tools, which I pass along to my clients to help them along their journey of self-discovery, healing and personal growth.
(626) 671-4409 View (626) 671-4409
Photo of Vanessa Greco, MA, LMFT, EMDR, Marriage & Family Therapist
Vanessa Greco
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, EMDR
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
La Canada, CA 91011
My goal is to help adults, teens, families and couples to find inner happiness. I provide psychotherapy using cognitive behavioral skills to provide my clients with the right tools for change. I specialize in anxiety disorders, menopause issues, teen challenges, grief and loss. Life balance is what is the most important goal for me to help my clients achieve. My therapeutic philosophy centers on empowering clients to unlock their true potential through exploring and working through how life has shaped you. Let's heal old wounds and find healthy change.
My goal is to help adults, teens, families and couples to find inner happiness. I provide psychotherapy using cognitive behavioral skills to provide my clients with the right tools for change. I specialize in anxiety disorders, menopause issues, teen challenges, grief and loss. Life balance is what is the most important goal for me to help my clients achieve. My therapeutic philosophy centers on empowering clients to unlock their true potential through exploring and working through how life has shaped you. Let's heal old wounds and find healthy change.
(951) 566-4587 View (951) 566-4587
Photo of Shauna McManus, PsyD, Psychologist
Shauna McManus
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
La Canada, CA 91011
Waitlist for new clients
My work is my passion and I consider it a privilege to provide mental health support to my clients. Through my experiences working at UCLA, Caltech, Fuller and Pepperdine universities, I have gained a rich understanding of emerging adulthood and life transitions. I offer individual and group therapy (telehealth/in-person) through my private practice in Pasadena, CA.
My work is my passion and I consider it a privilege to provide mental health support to my clients. Through my experiences working at UCLA, Caltech, Fuller and Pepperdine universities, I have gained a rich understanding of emerging adulthood and life transitions. I offer individual and group therapy (telehealth/in-person) through my private practice in Pasadena, CA.
(424) 260-6411 View (424) 260-6411
Photo of Michael Obarski, PhD, Psychologist
Michael Obarski
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
La Canada, CA 91011  (Online Only)
My approach to therapy is focused on facilitating change in both perception and behavior leading to enhanced quality of life. The process is focused both historically (looking at early developmental experience) and in the moment (current perceptions, fears, and values that shape our current behavior). I find we each view the world in a unique way related specifically to our own developmental experiences and that view shapes what we expect from ourselves and others. It affects the decisions we make, and the direction our life takes, sometimes without us being fully aware of this powerful influencing force.
My approach to therapy is focused on facilitating change in both perception and behavior leading to enhanced quality of life. The process is focused both historically (looking at early developmental experience) and in the moment (current perceptions, fears, and values that shape our current behavior). I find we each view the world in a unique way related specifically to our own developmental experiences and that view shapes what we expect from ourselves and others. It affects the decisions we make, and the direction our life takes, sometimes without us being fully aware of this powerful influencing force.
(626) 385-8982 View (626) 385-8982
Photo of Kay Simmeth - Simmeth Counseling Group, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kay Simmeth - Simmeth Counseling Group
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
La Canada, CA 91011
Is anxiety or stress keeping you from living your life? Are you tired of trying to manage on your own? We can work together to help you identify and challenge unproductive thoughts and emotions as you move toward well-being and confidence. Certified in EMDR, Brainspotting and Havening, as well as being an EMDR Consultant, I have found these therapies to be highly effective in helping my clients overcome their challenges of trauma as well as decreasing anxiety, reducing stress, and increasing self-esteem. I provide a safe environment where you can discuss life's issues without judgment.
Is anxiety or stress keeping you from living your life? Are you tired of trying to manage on your own? We can work together to help you identify and challenge unproductive thoughts and emotions as you move toward well-being and confidence. Certified in EMDR, Brainspotting and Havening, as well as being an EMDR Consultant, I have found these therapies to be highly effective in helping my clients overcome their challenges of trauma as well as decreasing anxiety, reducing stress, and increasing self-esteem. I provide a safe environment where you can discuss life's issues without judgment.
(818) 963-9085 View (818) 963-9085
Photo of Janelle Froehlich, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Janelle Froehlich
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
La Canada, CA 91011
Our team at Teen Translation, Inc., is expert on adolescent development, using treatment modalities that align with the teen’s developmental tasks. We love to “get preventative” by 1) joining with the adolescent to create a healthy identity and narrative, 2) connecting the teen to the family, drawing upon their greatest resource - you!, and 3) empowering the family to put the bumpers around adolescent exploration, while creating space for the teen to fall down, get back up, and discover their own capability and resiliency. There are a few factors, which I call the “fab five,” that contribute to adolescent behavior:
Our team at Teen Translation, Inc., is expert on adolescent development, using treatment modalities that align with the teen’s developmental tasks. We love to “get preventative” by 1) joining with the adolescent to create a healthy identity and narrative, 2) connecting the teen to the family, drawing upon their greatest resource - you!, and 3) empowering the family to put the bumpers around adolescent exploration, while creating space for the teen to fall down, get back up, and discover their own capability and resiliency. There are a few factors, which I call the “fab five,” that contribute to adolescent behavior:
(626) 594-9344 View (626) 594-9344
Photo of Barbara E Waldman, LCSW, PhD, Marriage & Family Therapist
Barbara E Waldman
Marriage & Family Therapist, LCSW, PhD
Verified Verified
La Canada, CA 91011
After more than 50 years as a therapist, I still find working with adolescents and adults, exciting and challenging. Each person brings their unique issues to therapy and together we craft a way to move towards a positive solution.
After more than 50 years as a therapist, I still find working with adolescents and adults, exciting and challenging. Each person brings their unique issues to therapy and together we craft a way to move towards a positive solution.
(626) 581-6982 View (626) 581-6982
Photo of Theresa M Collins - Divorce Navigation, MA, CDS®
Divorce Navigation
MA, CDS®
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
La Canada, CA 91011
Are you contemplating divorce, but don’t know where to start? If so, Divorce Navigation can steer you in a direction aimed to save time, money & emotional stress as you prepare to enter the uncharted territory of divorce. Divorce Navigation is a boutique-style divorce consulting practice designed to provide individualized divorce guidance & emotional support. Ms. Theresa M. Collins is a Certified Divorce Specialist (CDS) & trained in Divorce Mediation. She also worked as a Consultant /Mediator on the TV series “Divorce Court” (5 Seasons). She will serve as your personal guide as you prepare for this challenging life transition.
Are you contemplating divorce, but don’t know where to start? If so, Divorce Navigation can steer you in a direction aimed to save time, money & emotional stress as you prepare to enter the uncharted territory of divorce. Divorce Navigation is a boutique-style divorce consulting practice designed to provide individualized divorce guidance & emotional support. Ms. Theresa M. Collins is a Certified Divorce Specialist (CDS) & trained in Divorce Mediation. She also worked as a Consultant /Mediator on the TV series “Divorce Court” (5 Seasons). She will serve as your personal guide as you prepare for this challenging life transition.
(626) 317-8764 View (626) 317-8764
Photo of Leda Siskind, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Leda Siskind
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
La Canada, CA 91011
Don't you sometimes wish you knew what "normal" adolescent behavior is and what is not? How to talk to your teen about drugs, sex, and your own issues in parenting? Worried about your adolescent and think he or she could benefit from professional help? I have worked with teens since 1992. If you are concerned about what's really going on inside your teenager's head, perhaps I can help. You can contact me (and learn more about me) at: Leda@teentherapylosangeles.com
Don't you sometimes wish you knew what "normal" adolescent behavior is and what is not? How to talk to your teen about drugs, sex, and your own issues in parenting? Worried about your adolescent and think he or she could benefit from professional help? I have worked with teens since 1992. If you are concerned about what's really going on inside your teenager's head, perhaps I can help. You can contact me (and learn more about me) at: Leda@teentherapylosangeles.com
(323) 739-7952 View (323) 739-7952
Photo of Elleni Koulos - PsychE Therapy Inc., PsyD, Psychologist
PsychE Therapy Inc.
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
La Canada, CA 91011
PsychE Therapy Inc. was created by Dr. Elleni Koulos to promote overall wellness and healing, with a focus on treating the whole person. We value and emphasize the connection between Mind, Body, Soul, Spirit and Heart. Each of us face challenges on our unique journey through life, at times resulting in feelings of depression, anxiety, grief, low self-esteem and body image issues. PsychE Therapy Inc. will work with you and your family to provide support and to develop a specialized treatment plan to meet your specific needs. This may include traditional talk therapy, art, music and other therapeutic interventions.
PsychE Therapy Inc. was created by Dr. Elleni Koulos to promote overall wellness and healing, with a focus on treating the whole person. We value and emphasize the connection between Mind, Body, Soul, Spirit and Heart. Each of us face challenges on our unique journey through life, at times resulting in feelings of depression, anxiety, grief, low self-esteem and body image issues. PsychE Therapy Inc. will work with you and your family to provide support and to develop a specialized treatment plan to meet your specific needs. This may include traditional talk therapy, art, music and other therapeutic interventions.
(818) 790-0418 View (818) 790-0418
Photo of Michelle Bodwell, LMFT, ATR-BC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Michelle Bodwell
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
La Canada, CA 91011  (Online Only)
Loss, grief, loneliness, betrayal, despair, these experiences punctuate and define our lives.Yet all the while we’re longing for wholeness, connectedness, and authenticity in ourselves and relationships. Usually our coping strategies, often developed in our childhood, eventually stop working for us and the pain ensues. We can’t seem to find relief from the problems and find ourselves falling further into cycles of numbing or masking our pain. But I’m here to say there is hope, real change is possible! Our deepest hurts happen in relationships, but so can our deepest healing. If you want to dig deep, I'm ready to partner with you!
Loss, grief, loneliness, betrayal, despair, these experiences punctuate and define our lives.Yet all the while we’re longing for wholeness, connectedness, and authenticity in ourselves and relationships. Usually our coping strategies, often developed in our childhood, eventually stop working for us and the pain ensues. We can’t seem to find relief from the problems and find ourselves falling further into cycles of numbing or masking our pain. But I’m here to say there is hope, real change is possible! Our deepest hurts happen in relationships, but so can our deepest healing. If you want to dig deep, I'm ready to partner with you!
(626) 385-8974 View (626) 385-8974
Photo of Katie Phillips-Rector, LMFT, MDiv, Marriage & Family Therapist
Katie Phillips-Rector
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MDiv
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
La Canada, CA 91011
I enjoy working with people of all ages facing various kinds of transition. Each new phase of life brings somewhat predictable changes, and then there are other changes that cause us to adapt and grow in somewhat unpredictable ways. Whatever you're facing, my goal is to work with you to find unique strengths and creative solutions that allow you to thrive in the midst of change.
I enjoy working with people of all ages facing various kinds of transition. Each new phase of life brings somewhat predictable changes, and then there are other changes that cause us to adapt and grow in somewhat unpredictable ways. Whatever you're facing, my goal is to work with you to find unique strengths and creative solutions that allow you to thrive in the midst of change.
(626) 921-2709 View (626) 921-2709
Photo of Hillary Haynes, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Hillary Haynes
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
La Canada, CA 91011
Hi there, I'm Hillary! Welcome to a transformative journey towards self-discovery and personal growth. As a licensed marriage and family therapist, I am deeply committed to guiding individuals through a holistic approach that honors mind, body, and spirit. My therapeutic philosophy centers on empowering clients to unlock their true potential through exploring and working through how your personal life experiences have shaped you. We can find and navigate where old wounds can be healed in order for changes to be made.
Hi there, I'm Hillary! Welcome to a transformative journey towards self-discovery and personal growth. As a licensed marriage and family therapist, I am deeply committed to guiding individuals through a holistic approach that honors mind, body, and spirit. My therapeutic philosophy centers on empowering clients to unlock their true potential through exploring and working through how your personal life experiences have shaped you. We can find and navigate where old wounds can be healed in order for changes to be made.
(818) 488-6057 View (818) 488-6057
Photo of Ben Leddick, MS, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Ben Leddick
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, AMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
La Canada, CA 91011
I believe our lives are impacted by the breaking of trustworthiness and love that so often happen through our closest relationships. It is my desire to join my clients as we sift through the challenges of unfulfilled hopes, relationships, and the lost sense of safety to draw out an understanding of who they are. In our work, we will seek out the painful narratives that seem to echo day in and day out—the narratives that shadow the core truth of who you are—towards a responsive and whole self.
I believe our lives are impacted by the breaking of trustworthiness and love that so often happen through our closest relationships. It is my desire to join my clients as we sift through the challenges of unfulfilled hopes, relationships, and the lost sense of safety to draw out an understanding of who they are. In our work, we will seek out the painful narratives that seem to echo day in and day out—the narratives that shadow the core truth of who you are—towards a responsive and whole self.
(818) 960-6908 View (818) 960-6908
Photo of Gary Vidor, PhD, Psychologist
Gary Vidor
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
La Canada, CA 91011
I have been a psychologist more than 25 years. This has given me an opportunity to develop a style that optimizes my skills and experience; to give you what you want or need to achieve personal satisfaction. My methodology is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and humanistic psychotherapy. It is important to me to understand your concerns without preconceived notions. Some tools I find helpful in this regard are knowledge, experience, intuition, patience, and caring.
I have been a psychologist more than 25 years. This has given me an opportunity to develop a style that optimizes my skills and experience; to give you what you want or need to achieve personal satisfaction. My methodology is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and humanistic psychotherapy. It is important to me to understand your concerns without preconceived notions. Some tools I find helpful in this regard are knowledge, experience, intuition, patience, and caring.
(818) 465-5603 View (818) 465-5603
Photo of Kimberlie Ellen Zakarian, MS, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kimberlie Ellen Zakarian
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, MFT
Verified Verified
La Canada, CA 91011
Having lived through a difficult life myself, I know the power of psychotherapy integrated with spirituality to bring permanent change to people's lives. I incorporate Attachment Theory (why we are the way we are); with Narrative Therapy (making meaning of and rewriting your life story); integrated with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Psychoanalytical Therapy to make meaning of and bring change to our patterns of thinking and behaving." Kimberlie has post graduate training at Harvard University and Duke University in ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, depression and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
Having lived through a difficult life myself, I know the power of psychotherapy integrated with spirituality to bring permanent change to people's lives. I incorporate Attachment Theory (why we are the way we are); with Narrative Therapy (making meaning of and rewriting your life story); integrated with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Psychoanalytical Therapy to make meaning of and bring change to our patterns of thinking and behaving." Kimberlie has post graduate training at Harvard University and Duke University in ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, depression and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.
(626) 385-7945 View (626) 385-7945
Photo of Joanne Diaz-Koegl, MA,LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Joanne Diaz-Koegl
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA,LMFT
Verified Verified
La Canada, CA 91011
My specialties are relationship issues and loss and grief. I have been in practice for over 18 years. I mainly see clients virtually and find it has been just as powerful and proactive as in person. Many clients like the convenience of being able to be in three different locations. In couples therapy, I will help you and your partner identify the conflict issues within your relationship. Couples therapy involves learning how to communicate more effectively, and how to listen more closely. In couples therapy I am proactive and direct helping the couple gain awareness of their "disconnect" by pointing out observed behaviors.
My specialties are relationship issues and loss and grief. I have been in practice for over 18 years. I mainly see clients virtually and find it has been just as powerful and proactive as in person. Many clients like the convenience of being able to be in three different locations. In couples therapy, I will help you and your partner identify the conflict issues within your relationship. Couples therapy involves learning how to communicate more effectively, and how to listen more closely. In couples therapy I am proactive and direct helping the couple gain awareness of their "disconnect" by pointing out observed behaviors.
(323) 366-3559 View (323) 366-3559
Photo of Kim Henry-Nance, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kim Henry-Nance
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
La Canada, CA 91011
I use compassionate, directive and practical approaches to treat PTSD and the symptoms associated with trauma. My life experiences have given me unique insight into the impact and treatment of trauma.
I use compassionate, directive and practical approaches to treat PTSD and the symptoms associated with trauma. My life experiences have given me unique insight into the impact and treatment of trauma.
(626) 498-2261 View (626) 498-2261
Photo of Maryanne Cindy Cordes, MA, LMFT, PMH-C, Marriage & Family Therapist
Maryanne Cindy Cordes
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, PMH-C
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
La Canada, CA 91011
All of us struggle at different times in our lives. We may feel stuck in our current state or situation and wonder if this is how life has to be. Whether you are facing a conflict that seems unsolvable, are searching for more meaning in life, or want to heal past wounds to feel a deeper sense of peace, making the decision to seek help takes courage. My belief is that we all have the power to limit the chaos of our mind through developing a strong and loving connection to ourselves.
All of us struggle at different times in our lives. We may feel stuck in our current state or situation and wonder if this is how life has to be. Whether you are facing a conflict that seems unsolvable, are searching for more meaning in life, or want to heal past wounds to feel a deeper sense of peace, making the decision to seek help takes courage. My belief is that we all have the power to limit the chaos of our mind through developing a strong and loving connection to ourselves.
(818) 514-1214 View (818) 514-1214
Photo of Brett Veltman - Relate Therapy Center, Psychologist
Relate Therapy Center
Psychologist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
La Canada, CA 91012
The therapists at Relate Therapy Center specialize in relationships. If you are struggling in your marriage, with your kids, with your significant other, with your friends, or if you're struggling with maintaining relationships at all, we are here to help. Oftentimes, the relationship struggles that people face can lead to significant distress--depression, anxiety, hopelessness, anger, addiction, and more. If you are experiencing these, or other kinds of struggles, know that you don't have to face them alone. We are here to help!
The therapists at Relate Therapy Center specialize in relationships. If you are struggling in your marriage, with your kids, with your significant other, with your friends, or if you're struggling with maintaining relationships at all, we are here to help. Oftentimes, the relationship struggles that people face can lead to significant distress--depression, anxiety, hopelessness, anger, addiction, and more. If you are experiencing these, or other kinds of struggles, know that you don't have to face them alone. We are here to help!
(626) 727-7037 View (626) 727-7037
1

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in La Canada, CA

70+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in La Canada, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Depression
94% Anxiety
87% Relationship Issues
76% Grief
76% Parenting
71% Self Esteem
66% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

63% Other
30% Cigna and Evernorth
26% Aetna

How Therapists in La Canada, CA see their clients

87% In Person and Online
13% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
23% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in La Canada?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.