Therapists in June Lake, CA

Photo of Kim P. Frey, LCSW, PhD, EMDR, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kim P. Frey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PhD, EMDR
Verified Verified
June Lake, CA 93529
Life involves suffering, sometimes a lot of suffering. If you are in a challenging period of life and would like to reduce your suffering, please call me for a no-charge phone consultation. I have successfully worked with anxiety and depression from Major Detrimental Childhood Experiences to combat trauma with veterans and active duty military. Give a call; you have nothing to lose and perhaps peace of mind to gain.
Life involves suffering, sometimes a lot of suffering. If you are in a challenging period of life and would like to reduce your suffering, please call me for a no-charge phone consultation. I have successfully worked with anxiety and depression from Major Detrimental Childhood Experiences to combat trauma with veterans and active duty military. Give a call; you have nothing to lose and perhaps peace of mind to gain.
(760) 582-9221 View (760) 582-9221
Photo of undefined - Eastern Sierra Counseling, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Eastern Sierra Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
June Lake, CA 93529
Eastern Sierra Counseling has ten different therapists including Daniel Ranson, LCSW (pictured) working both in-person and telehealth in Ridgecrest, Bishop, and Mammoth Lakes, California. We also manage the only in-person psychiatry practice in all three of these locations so that our team can offer a comprehensive, behavioral health experience to meet patient needs. We presently operate the largest employee assistance program in Mono and Inyo counties.
Eastern Sierra Counseling has ten different therapists including Daniel Ranson, LCSW (pictured) working both in-person and telehealth in Ridgecrest, Bishop, and Mammoth Lakes, California. We also manage the only in-person psychiatry practice in all three of these locations so that our team can offer a comprehensive, behavioral health experience to meet patient needs. We presently operate the largest employee assistance program in Mono and Inyo counties.
(760) 227-2725 View (760) 227-2725

Online Therapists

Photo of Rosemary Dobney, LCSW, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rosemary Dobney
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Fresno, CA 93710
We all fall somewhere between where we want to be and the worst that we have been. Many times, in life we are just not happy with where we are at our present moment, and even though we may not be at our worst we still know things could be better. Together we can figure out where you would like to be and taking one step at a time on how to get there. Life is not a race; it is a journey. You deserve to invest in yourself!
We all fall somewhere between where we want to be and the worst that we have been. Many times, in life we are just not happy with where we are at our present moment, and even though we may not be at our worst we still know things could be better. Together we can figure out where you would like to be and taking one step at a time on how to get there. Life is not a race; it is a journey. You deserve to invest in yourself!
(559) 717-4029 View (559) 717-4029
Photo of Laura Salas Medina, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Laura Salas Medina
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Fresno, CA 93711  (Online Only)
Whether it be feeling overwhelmed, stressed, unheard, anxious all the time, or down on yourself, it can all be related to our past. Our past or our trauma experiences, like adverse childhood experiences(ACEs), neglect, rejection, familial trauma, and loss can cause us to feel strong emotions. My focus as an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist at Transcendence Psychological Services is allowing you to share your experience in order to gain new insight and ways of coping with past traumas. I offer a safe and inviting space for you to process and feel heard while guiding you towards healing.
Whether it be feeling overwhelmed, stressed, unheard, anxious all the time, or down on yourself, it can all be related to our past. Our past or our trauma experiences, like adverse childhood experiences(ACEs), neglect, rejection, familial trauma, and loss can cause us to feel strong emotions. My focus as an Associate Marriage and Family Therapist at Transcendence Psychological Services is allowing you to share your experience in order to gain new insight and ways of coping with past traumas. I offer a safe and inviting space for you to process and feel heard while guiding you towards healing.
(559) 657-6237 View (559) 657-6237
Photo of undefined - Central Valley Family Therapy, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Central Valley Family Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fresno, CA 93720
Central Valley Family Therapy is a group practice whose sole focus is providing individuals, couples and families support through all walks of life. Our clinicians recognize the importance of quality treatment for each and every client that walks through our doors. We welcome clients with culturally diverse identities, backgrounds, socio-economic statuses, and experiences. We believe that every person who seeks support should have access to quality mental health services. Our focus is not only on your unique therapeutic goals, but in providing our clients with a warm, friendly and nurturing environment.
Central Valley Family Therapy is a group practice whose sole focus is providing individuals, couples and families support through all walks of life. Our clinicians recognize the importance of quality treatment for each and every client that walks through our doors. We welcome clients with culturally diverse identities, backgrounds, socio-economic statuses, and experiences. We believe that every person who seeks support should have access to quality mental health services. Our focus is not only on your unique therapeutic goals, but in providing our clients with a warm, friendly and nurturing environment.
(559) 206-0268 View (559) 206-0268
Photo of Miriam Alvizures, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Miriam Alvizures
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fresno, CA 93726
My therapeutic services are aimed at supporting children, youth, young adults, parents, families, couples, and elder adults moving towards healing, cultivating self-awareness, and self-love, re-connect to the present moment and having a sense of peace and wholeness.
My therapeutic services are aimed at supporting children, youth, young adults, parents, families, couples, and elder adults moving towards healing, cultivating self-awareness, and self-love, re-connect to the present moment and having a sense of peace and wholeness.
(559) 272-8831 View (559) 272-8831
Photo of Kimberely Bassett, MS, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Kimberely Bassett
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, AMFT
Verified Verified
Fresno, CA 93711
My goal as a therapist is to create a safe, non-judgmental, and affirming space to explore life issues, help you process difficult past experiences, and to provide you with the support and guidance to help you to not just survive the day-to-day, but to heal and thrive. As a therapist, I utilize an integrative, eclectic approach based on each client’s needs. I have experience with Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Solution-focused techniques, humanistic approaches, and some somatic approaches.
My goal as a therapist is to create a safe, non-judgmental, and affirming space to explore life issues, help you process difficult past experiences, and to provide you with the support and guidance to help you to not just survive the day-to-day, but to heal and thrive. As a therapist, I utilize an integrative, eclectic approach based on each client’s needs. I have experience with Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Solution-focused techniques, humanistic approaches, and some somatic approaches.
(559) 337-5081 View (559) 337-5081
Photo of undefined - Compass Family Counseling Services, MA, MFT, Owner
Compass Family Counseling Services
MA, MFT, Owner
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Oakhurst, CA 93644
Compass Family Counseling Services is your trusted partner on the journey to emotional well-being and stronger family bonds. Our expert team of compassionate counselors provides personalized and evidence-based therapy to navigate life's challenges, fostering resilience and harmony within your family. Discover a path to healing, growth, and connection with Compass Family Counseling Services – where understanding, support, and positive change come together." We offer a free phone consultation. We understand that mental health is complex. From everyday stress to more serious conditions, our team is here to provide personalized support.
Compass Family Counseling Services is your trusted partner on the journey to emotional well-being and stronger family bonds. Our expert team of compassionate counselors provides personalized and evidence-based therapy to navigate life's challenges, fostering resilience and harmony within your family. Discover a path to healing, growth, and connection with Compass Family Counseling Services – where understanding, support, and positive change come together." We offer a free phone consultation. We understand that mental health is complex. From everyday stress to more serious conditions, our team is here to provide personalized support.
(559) 369-2351 View (559) 369-2351
Photo of Kierra Gordon-Smith, AMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Kierra Gordon-Smith
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, AMFT
Verified Verified
Fresno, CA 93711
My greatest reward as a therapist is helping others on their journey of becoming their best self, helping heal unhealed wounds, & validate other’s experiences with undeniable acceptance & warmth. As a therapist, I am passionate about helping you gain more insight into your problems or past & learn the necessary skills to overcome & achieve more peace in life. I consider it a privilege to walk alongside you at your pace & support you in navigating your way through life & toward a greater since of healing & wellness.
My greatest reward as a therapist is helping others on their journey of becoming their best self, helping heal unhealed wounds, & validate other’s experiences with undeniable acceptance & warmth. As a therapist, I am passionate about helping you gain more insight into your problems or past & learn the necessary skills to overcome & achieve more peace in life. I consider it a privilege to walk alongside you at your pace & support you in navigating your way through life & toward a greater since of healing & wellness.
(559) 527-0372 View (559) 527-0372
Photo of Velma Staples-Foster, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Velma Staples-Foster
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Visalia, CA 93292
My name is Velma Staples-Foster LMFT127905, but I go by Gwen. Are you feeling stuck or finding it difficult to move forward? Regardless of the reason you are feeling this way it takes courage to reach out and ask for help. Let me be "your person" to assist you with removing the obstacles that are keeping you from being your best self. I have a passion for helping others. I have a BA in Psychology, a MA in Counseling with a concentration in Life Coaching and a MA in Marriage and Family therapy. I am a licensed clinical trauma professional.
My name is Velma Staples-Foster LMFT127905, but I go by Gwen. Are you feeling stuck or finding it difficult to move forward? Regardless of the reason you are feeling this way it takes courage to reach out and ask for help. Let me be "your person" to assist you with removing the obstacles that are keeping you from being your best self. I have a passion for helping others. I have a BA in Psychology, a MA in Counseling with a concentration in Life Coaching and a MA in Marriage and Family therapy. I am a licensed clinical trauma professional.
(559) 315-3677 View (559) 315-3677
Photo of Leticia Guillen, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Leticia Guillen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Merced, CA 95341  (Online Only)
My approach to every person is to be respectful of every person I meet. I listen with an open heart and truly value the dignity and worth of every individual that I meet with. I will do my best to help you better understand that your thoughts, feelings and behaviors are all connected. Most of the time, I find that we need to work backwards and see what the problem behaviors are, then identify those feelings affecting us and finally get to the thoughts and limiting beliefs that are the root cause of the disturbance. Overall, I am an empathic listener, I have great insight for patterns and I love helping people feel better.
My approach to every person is to be respectful of every person I meet. I listen with an open heart and truly value the dignity and worth of every individual that I meet with. I will do my best to help you better understand that your thoughts, feelings and behaviors are all connected. Most of the time, I find that we need to work backwards and see what the problem behaviors are, then identify those feelings affecting us and finally get to the thoughts and limiting beliefs that are the root cause of the disturbance. Overall, I am an empathic listener, I have great insight for patterns and I love helping people feel better.
(209) 316-6521 View (209) 316-6521
Photo of Monica J Jones, OTD, PMH-C, OTR/L, Occupational Therapist
Monica J Jones
Occupational Therapist, OTD, PMH-C, OTR/L
Verified Verified
Bishop, CA 93514  (Online Only)
Does your mind get in your own way of being productive, happy, and healthy? Are you ready to make a change? If so, occupational therapy could be right for you. If you are struggling with taking care of yourself, sleeping, being productive or happy at work, socializing, managing your home, work/life balance, meeting your exercise and healthy eating goals, or being able to just manage every day life, then I can help! I use an action-based approach to teach you how to change your thinking and get going with meeting your goals!
Does your mind get in your own way of being productive, happy, and healthy? Are you ready to make a change? If so, occupational therapy could be right for you. If you are struggling with taking care of yourself, sleeping, being productive or happy at work, socializing, managing your home, work/life balance, meeting your exercise and healthy eating goals, or being able to just manage every day life, then I can help! I use an action-based approach to teach you how to change your thinking and get going with meeting your goals!
(760) 237-4372 View (760) 237-4372
Photo of Michael Carusillo, PhD, Psychologist
Michael Carusillo
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Fresno, CA 93711
My goal is to provide quality psychological services to those struggling with daily life. I have experience working with adults and adolescents who experience symptoms of anxiety, depression, ADHD, Autism, and other mental health struggles.
My goal is to provide quality psychological services to those struggling with daily life. I have experience working with adults and adolescents who experience symptoms of anxiety, depression, ADHD, Autism, and other mental health struggles.
(559) 543-8351 View (559) 543-8351
Photo of Meagan Robinson, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Meagan Robinson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fresno, CA 93711
My name is Meagan Robinson, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. My approach is collaborative, compassionate, and inclusive. Whether you’re looking to manage symptoms of anxiety or depression, navigate interpersonal relationship challenges or life transitions, or are hoping to navigate school or work difficulties successfully, I want to hold a space for you to explore your feelings and learn more about yourself in a non-judgmental way. My approach is integrative and holistic to adapt to the unique needs of each individual, and includes Cognitive, Behavioral, Psychosocial Developmental, and Family Systems Theory modalities.
My name is Meagan Robinson, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker. My approach is collaborative, compassionate, and inclusive. Whether you’re looking to manage symptoms of anxiety or depression, navigate interpersonal relationship challenges or life transitions, or are hoping to navigate school or work difficulties successfully, I want to hold a space for you to explore your feelings and learn more about yourself in a non-judgmental way. My approach is integrative and holistic to adapt to the unique needs of each individual, and includes Cognitive, Behavioral, Psychosocial Developmental, and Family Systems Theory modalities.
(323) 205-7088 View (323) 205-7088
Photo of Patricia (Patty) Behrens, LMFT, MS, CT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Patricia (Patty) Behrens
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MS, CT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Fresno, CA 93720
My passion is to help you get immediate relief, manage symptoms and truly heal from the underlying causes of your distress. I believe you can obtain emotional healing from life's struggles whether from childhood and adult traumas or present circumstances. My approach is to empower you to work through your struggles, resolve traumas and discover what works for you. I have helped individuals heal from anxiety, trauma, abuse, grief, depression, transitions, and family/relational issues. I feel strongly about having an individualized plan that fits you and using cutting-edge methods that truly can change your brain.
My passion is to help you get immediate relief, manage symptoms and truly heal from the underlying causes of your distress. I believe you can obtain emotional healing from life's struggles whether from childhood and adult traumas or present circumstances. My approach is to empower you to work through your struggles, resolve traumas and discover what works for you. I have helped individuals heal from anxiety, trauma, abuse, grief, depression, transitions, and family/relational issues. I feel strongly about having an individualized plan that fits you and using cutting-edge methods that truly can change your brain.
(559) 549-9624 View (559) 549-9624
Photo of Christen Willard, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Christen Willard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Fresno, CA 93720
I am a Lincensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) and I take a person-centered approach to therapy, meeting my clients exactly where they are and empowering them to take the lead in their healing journey. I have witnessed my clients trade anxiety for peace, stress for healthy boundaries, and hopelessness for a sense of fulfillment in life.
I am a Lincensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) and I take a person-centered approach to therapy, meeting my clients exactly where they are and empowering them to take the lead in their healing journey. I have witnessed my clients trade anxiety for peace, stress for healthy boundaries, and hopelessness for a sense of fulfillment in life.
(559) 379-5573 View (559) 379-5573
Photo of Kent Lee Stratford, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kent Lee Stratford
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Fresno, CA 93704
Psychotherapist/University Lecturer in the Department of Psychology, California State University, Monterey Bay & Fresno. Teletherapy/In Office in Fresno, Monterey Peninsula, Central CA. Specializing in the treatment of depression, anxiety, personality disturbances, mood disorders, relational problems, attachment disorders, marital discord, stress, family conflict, and behavior problems. Fee for service $120.00 per therapy hour. Panel provider for Blue Cross/Blue Shield/Cal Viva/United Healthcare.
Psychotherapist/University Lecturer in the Department of Psychology, California State University, Monterey Bay & Fresno. Teletherapy/In Office in Fresno, Monterey Peninsula, Central CA. Specializing in the treatment of depression, anxiety, personality disturbances, mood disorders, relational problems, attachment disorders, marital discord, stress, family conflict, and behavior problems. Fee for service $120.00 per therapy hour. Panel provider for Blue Cross/Blue Shield/Cal Viva/United Healthcare.
(559) 960-1608 View (559) 960-1608
Photo of undefined - Refine Counseling & Consulting, Inc., LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Refine Counseling & Consulting, Inc.
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Fresno, CA 93710  (Online Only)
Hi! I'm Ivy! It's nice to meet you unofficially. It takes a lot of courage to seek help, and I would be honored to help you on your journey to wellness. Each client I have worked with has special strengths that I have used to create a plan to address their concerns. It might be hard to see that you have strengths right now, but I'm confident that I can help you see strengths within yourself. As we move along the healing process and improve areas in our lives, sometimes we may feel challenged or unsure. That's why I'm here.
Hi! I'm Ivy! It's nice to meet you unofficially. It takes a lot of courage to seek help, and I would be honored to help you on your journey to wellness. Each client I have worked with has special strengths that I have used to create a plan to address their concerns. It might be hard to see that you have strengths right now, but I'm confident that I can help you see strengths within yourself. As we move along the healing process and improve areas in our lives, sometimes we may feel challenged or unsure. That's why I'm here.
(559) 413-0685 View (559) 413-0685
Photo of Dameion Renault, MS, BCCC, Pastoral Counselor
Dameion Renault
Pastoral Counselor, MS, BCCC
Verified Verified
Groveland, CA 95321
Dameion Renault believes many people have anxiety regarding faith and relationships. He supports next steps in achieving a more holistic understanding of a faith driven life. He is an adamant believer that a relationship in faith and hope must come first. Dameion has 17 years experience in mental health, is a Board-Certified Christian Counselor, has a Master's degree in Psychology, and completing work as a Doctor of Psychology & Christian Counseling (CPsyD). He is a not a traditional licensed therapist. website: the-connection-to-faith.square.site
Dameion Renault believes many people have anxiety regarding faith and relationships. He supports next steps in achieving a more holistic understanding of a faith driven life. He is an adamant believer that a relationship in faith and hope must come first. Dameion has 17 years experience in mental health, is a Board-Certified Christian Counselor, has a Master's degree in Psychology, and completing work as a Doctor of Psychology & Christian Counseling (CPsyD). He is a not a traditional licensed therapist. website: the-connection-to-faith.square.site
(714) 474-5328 View (714) 474-5328
Photo of Mary Karlan, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mary Karlan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Visalia, CA 93292
Hello! My name is Mary Karla, and I am licensed in CA, FL, NY, MA, and CT. I practice a collaborative approach to therapy as I believe this empowers my clients to obtain what they desire regarding therapeutic goals. I specialize in Couples and family therapy. I did postgraduate training for couples and family therapy at Ackerman Institute for the Family in NYC. I use the Ackerman Relational Model for my work with this population. I practice Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with individuals, especially when presenting with symptoms of anxiety and mood disorders. Other modalities offered are Solution Focused Therapy, DBT, and ACT.
Hello! My name is Mary Karla, and I am licensed in CA, FL, NY, MA, and CT. I practice a collaborative approach to therapy as I believe this empowers my clients to obtain what they desire regarding therapeutic goals. I specialize in Couples and family therapy. I did postgraduate training for couples and family therapy at Ackerman Institute for the Family in NYC. I use the Ackerman Relational Model for my work with this population. I practice Cognitive Behavioral Therapy with individuals, especially when presenting with symptoms of anxiety and mood disorders. Other modalities offered are Solution Focused Therapy, DBT, and ACT.
(626) 507-3256 View (626) 507-3256

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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in June Lake, CA

< 10

Therapists in June Lake, CA who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Other
50% Relationship Issues
50% Depression
50% Addiction
50% Child

Average years in practice

20 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Health Net

How Therapists in June Lake, CA see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

50% Female
50% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in June Lake?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.