Therapists in Business District, Irvine, CA

Photo of Dr. Megan L. Dennison, Psychological Associate in Business District, Irvine, CA
Dr. Megan L. Dennison
Psychological Associate, PsyD, ABSNP, LEP
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92606
I believe that we all have a unique brain narrative and the more you know about yourself, the more engaged you can be in creating a life that stays true to your authentic self. Gaining an understanding of your emotional, behavioral, and cognitive narrative can provide insights about your work/career development, learning, relationships, and beyond. Assessment allows you to understand your strengths and weaknesses and better understand how your brain processes information. Similarly, therapy is an experience that allows you to expand your knowledge base, skillset, and understanding of your world.
I believe that we all have a unique brain narrative and the more you know about yourself, the more engaged you can be in creating a life that stays true to your authentic self. Gaining an understanding of your emotional, behavioral, and cognitive narrative can provide insights about your work/career development, learning, relationships, and beyond. Assessment allows you to understand your strengths and weaknesses and better understand how your brain processes information. Similarly, therapy is an experience that allows you to expand your knowledge base, skillset, and understanding of your world.
(714) 364-4324 View (714) 364-4324
Photo of Navdeep Bhullar, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Navdeep Bhullar
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612  (Online Only)
The healing process is an incredible journey, and I believe therapy can result in greater self-awareness by giving clients new skills to thrive and develop a deeper relationship with themselves and the world around them. To me, healing represents a journey in which you are able to explore past and present as well as develop the tools needed to work through life’s obstacles. I use a person centered, strengths-based approach that is collaborative and mindful. I strive to foster a safe space where clients can tell their story, and gain insight, all while providing a safe and secure relationship.
The healing process is an incredible journey, and I believe therapy can result in greater self-awareness by giving clients new skills to thrive and develop a deeper relationship with themselves and the world around them. To me, healing represents a journey in which you are able to explore past and present as well as develop the tools needed to work through life’s obstacles. I use a person centered, strengths-based approach that is collaborative and mindful. I strive to foster a safe space where clients can tell their story, and gain insight, all while providing a safe and secure relationship.
(510) 455-7918 View (510) 455-7918
Photo of Gabriela Pulido, Marriage & Family Therapist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Gabriela Pulido
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612
Hello! My name is Gabriela Pulido and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I work with Adults, Young adults and Families struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship conflicts, substance use and/or past trauma(s). My hope is that this can be a safe space for you to process your story. Have you been struggling with anxiety, depression, intrusive thoughts or memories, childhood trauma, people pleasing or codependency? I hope it feels that this might be the right time to process, heal and find relief within your mind and body. If it does, I would love to connect.
Hello! My name is Gabriela Pulido and I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist. I work with Adults, Young adults and Families struggling with anxiety, depression, relationship conflicts, substance use and/or past trauma(s). My hope is that this can be a safe space for you to process your story. Have you been struggling with anxiety, depression, intrusive thoughts or memories, childhood trauma, people pleasing or codependency? I hope it feels that this might be the right time to process, heal and find relief within your mind and body. If it does, I would love to connect.
(949) 401-9958 View (949) 401-9958
Photo of Michael Kelley, Marriage & Family Therapist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Michael Kelley
Marriage & Family Therapist, MBA, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612
My practice is dedicated to growth-oriented Couples and Individuals seeking improved intimacy, better communication, and emotional resilience in a compassionate, non-pathologizing approach to relational health and well-being. With 20 years experience as a relational therapist, I work with 1) Couples wanting to stop negative patterns, increase emotional intimacy, and build a secure-functioning relationship based on shared purpose, positive repairs, making agreements, and personal development, and 2) Individual adults to find clarity, communicate authentically, get unstuck, realize goals, and increase S/self awareness.
My practice is dedicated to growth-oriented Couples and Individuals seeking improved intimacy, better communication, and emotional resilience in a compassionate, non-pathologizing approach to relational health and well-being. With 20 years experience as a relational therapist, I work with 1) Couples wanting to stop negative patterns, increase emotional intimacy, and build a secure-functioning relationship based on shared purpose, positive repairs, making agreements, and personal development, and 2) Individual adults to find clarity, communicate authentically, get unstuck, realize goals, and increase S/self awareness.
(949) 832-6536 View (949) 832-6536
Photo of Jaci Schoen - Relationship Focus, Marriage & Family Therapist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Jaci Schoen - Relationship Focus
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Business District, Irvine, CA 92614
Not accepting new clients
If you’ve experienced difficulties in your current relationship you may be torn between fulfillment of your innermost needs and reactivation of your deepest wounds. These rifts may overshadow your ability to feel joy, wellness and hopefulness. We will work together to rebuild and enliven your connection. My calm, empathic demeanor invites you into a confidential, nonjudgmental space where we can discuss your concerns. My goal is to foster a trusting therapy relationship with you as we address these concerns, nourish your healing process, and encourage your ongoing personal growth.
If you’ve experienced difficulties in your current relationship you may be torn between fulfillment of your innermost needs and reactivation of your deepest wounds. These rifts may overshadow your ability to feel joy, wellness and hopefulness. We will work together to rebuild and enliven your connection. My calm, empathic demeanor invites you into a confidential, nonjudgmental space where we can discuss your concerns. My goal is to foster a trusting therapy relationship with you as we address these concerns, nourish your healing process, and encourage your ongoing personal growth.
(714) 202-4742 View (714) 202-4742
Photo of Natalia Nikolova, Psychologist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Natalia Nikolova
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92614
Waitlist for new clients
In moments of doubt or struggle we all need someone to lean on in order to regain our inner strength. Whether you are dealing with relationship issues, emotional difficulties, or life transitions, I am here to help.
In moments of doubt or struggle we all need someone to lean on in order to regain our inner strength. Whether you are dealing with relationship issues, emotional difficulties, or life transitions, I am here to help.
(310) 907-7692 View (310) 907-7692
Photo of Dr. Carlos Vazquez, Psychological Associate in Business District, Irvine, CA
Dr. Carlos Vazquez
Psychological Associate, EdD
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612
Dr. Carlos is a postdoc psychological associate dedicated to nurturing mental health and well-being. As an adjunct professor for 8 years, he teaches trauma and family counseling. He works with individuals presenting with a myriad of concerns, from anxiety, relationship issues, and relational trauma. In tandem with his academic pursuits, Dr. Carlos is also a sports conditioning & nutrition coach. Merging psychological insight with physical wellness expertise. (Dr. Carlos a registered psychological associate with the California Board of Psychology. At Uplyft Psychological Services. He is is supervised by Dr. Eima Mesgarha CA PSY29797)
Dr. Carlos is a postdoc psychological associate dedicated to nurturing mental health and well-being. As an adjunct professor for 8 years, he teaches trauma and family counseling. He works with individuals presenting with a myriad of concerns, from anxiety, relationship issues, and relational trauma. In tandem with his academic pursuits, Dr. Carlos is also a sports conditioning & nutrition coach. Merging psychological insight with physical wellness expertise. (Dr. Carlos a registered psychological associate with the California Board of Psychology. At Uplyft Psychological Services. He is is supervised by Dr. Eima Mesgarha CA PSY29797)
(949) 993-0650 View (949) 993-0650
Photo of Parie Faridnia, Psychologist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Parie Faridnia
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612
If you feel stuck in old patterns, it may seem impossible to free yourself. Today is the day. All you need to start the therapy process is the willingness to make that first contact. Each client's therapeutic journey is unique, and I very much enjoy acting as an empowering, knowledgeable guide along the way. I believe in the innate ability of my clients to transform themselves, their relationships, and their lives. Everyone encounters challenges whether it's depression, anxiety, loss, failed relationships, compulsions, or past traumas.
If you feel stuck in old patterns, it may seem impossible to free yourself. Today is the day. All you need to start the therapy process is the willingness to make that first contact. Each client's therapeutic journey is unique, and I very much enjoy acting as an empowering, knowledgeable guide along the way. I believe in the innate ability of my clients to transform themselves, their relationships, and their lives. Everyone encounters challenges whether it's depression, anxiety, loss, failed relationships, compulsions, or past traumas.
(949) 258-9056 View (949) 258-9056
Photo of Jennie Nystrom, Marriage & Family Therapist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Jennie Nystrom
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, EMDR
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92606
Do you feel depressed or anxious due to childhood trauma? Do you feel disconnected in your relationships with others? I’m here to help you develop an action plan for meaningful changes. My approach to therapy is relational and person-centered. I will work alongside you in a warm and understanding environment where you can explore your emotions and find better ways to deal with the stressors in your life.
Do you feel depressed or anxious due to childhood trauma? Do you feel disconnected in your relationships with others? I’m here to help you develop an action plan for meaningful changes. My approach to therapy is relational and person-centered. I will work alongside you in a warm and understanding environment where you can explore your emotions and find better ways to deal with the stressors in your life.
(949) 506-3058 View (949) 506-3058
Photo of Heather Tomilowitz, Psychologist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Heather Tomilowitz
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92614
Waitlist for new clients
Are you struggling with anxiety, feelings of 'not good enough', or feeling overwhelmed? Is your child experiencing trouble with worries, friends, or some behaviors? Maybe life is throwing you some curve balls and you are just trying to make sense of the changes? Anxiety and depression can make you second guess any decision and put up barriers to connecting with others in fulfilling ways. My clients are often looking for a better understanding of feelings/experiences and looking for coping skills to help them reach their goals.
Are you struggling with anxiety, feelings of 'not good enough', or feeling overwhelmed? Is your child experiencing trouble with worries, friends, or some behaviors? Maybe life is throwing you some curve balls and you are just trying to make sense of the changes? Anxiety and depression can make you second guess any decision and put up barriers to connecting with others in fulfilling ways. My clients are often looking for a better understanding of feelings/experiences and looking for coping skills to help them reach their goals.
(949) 438-3409 View (949) 438-3409
Photo of Ella Davies, Marriage & Family Therapist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Ella Davies
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Business District, Irvine, CA 92614
If you are ready to explore the parts of your life that have been holding you back, or if your teenager is struggling with emotions and behaviors that seem out of control, I’m here to help. My clients tell me that they appreciate my direct and compassionate style, and kids and teens tell me they appreciate my sense of humor. I have been working in the helping profession for over a decade, and can help you in understanding how to talk to your child so they can hear you, in working with your teenager to navigate adolescence and young adulthood, or in discovering what is keeping you stuck in a rut instead of chasing your dreams.
If you are ready to explore the parts of your life that have been holding you back, or if your teenager is struggling with emotions and behaviors that seem out of control, I’m here to help. My clients tell me that they appreciate my direct and compassionate style, and kids and teens tell me they appreciate my sense of humor. I have been working in the helping profession for over a decade, and can help you in understanding how to talk to your child so they can hear you, in working with your teenager to navigate adolescence and young adulthood, or in discovering what is keeping you stuck in a rut instead of chasing your dreams.
(657) 214-3185 View (657) 214-3185
Photo of Vicki McDonald, Marriage & Family Therapist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Vicki McDonald
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92614  (Online Only)
Welcome. I am here to help you heal and grow in a safe, non judgmental environment. I work with people who struggle with Anxiety, Depression, Grief and Trauma. I practice using personalized and evidence-based approaches. My unique style includes elements from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). I have advanced training from the Beck Institute for CBT as well as advanced certifications from the EMDR International Association.
Welcome. I am here to help you heal and grow in a safe, non judgmental environment. I work with people who struggle with Anxiety, Depression, Grief and Trauma. I practice using personalized and evidence-based approaches. My unique style includes elements from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR). I have advanced training from the Beck Institute for CBT as well as advanced certifications from the EMDR International Association.
(949) 710-5771 View (949) 710-5771
Photo of Dr. Roshni Samtani, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Business District, Irvine, CA
Dr. Roshni Samtani
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, PsyD, AMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612
Hello! I am so glad you found your way here. I am Roshni and I specialize in relational work. I primarily work with couples and when I get lucky I have the privilege to sit with the whole family. I believe the problem lies in the larger context as opposed to in an individual. So, in our sessions, we will have conversations around childhood attachments, culture, race, gender, ancestry, immigration, religion etc., and how these themes impact the way we show up in our relationships with others and ourselves. My research has focused one premarital therapy. I am trained, and specialize in couple’s therapy modalities.
Hello! I am so glad you found your way here. I am Roshni and I specialize in relational work. I primarily work with couples and when I get lucky I have the privilege to sit with the whole family. I believe the problem lies in the larger context as opposed to in an individual. So, in our sessions, we will have conversations around childhood attachments, culture, race, gender, ancestry, immigration, religion etc., and how these themes impact the way we show up in our relationships with others and ourselves. My research has focused one premarital therapy. I am trained, and specialize in couple’s therapy modalities.
(949) 229-4164 View (949) 229-4164
Photo of Hadil Penalvert, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Hadil Penalvert
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, RYT-200
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612
Not accepting new clients
Are you struggling to cope with difficult emotions? Do you need support coping with current stressors or processing past traumas? Do you wish to identify and release patterns that keep you from being happy? My goal is to guide you through your healing journey by offering a safe space where you can process your emotions, express your thoughts, work toward your goals, and ultimately feel confident in your life choices.
Are you struggling to cope with difficult emotions? Do you need support coping with current stressors or processing past traumas? Do you wish to identify and release patterns that keep you from being happy? My goal is to guide you through your healing journey by offering a safe space where you can process your emotions, express your thoughts, work toward your goals, and ultimately feel confident in your life choices.
(714) 503-8917 View (714) 503-8917
Photo of Sarah Munoz, Psychologist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Sarah Munoz
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92614  (Online Only)
I have 15 years of experience in educational and community settings. I have worked extensively with adults and families presenting with a wide variety of mental health concerns, including depression, anxiety, ADHD, and substance use. I am a strong advocate of all aspects of positive psychology, including mindfulness and health psychology, and believe that life enrichment is an integral part of the therapeutic process.
I have 15 years of experience in educational and community settings. I have worked extensively with adults and families presenting with a wide variety of mental health concerns, including depression, anxiety, ADHD, and substance use. I am a strong advocate of all aspects of positive psychology, including mindfulness and health psychology, and believe that life enrichment is an integral part of the therapeutic process.
(949) 710-5354 View (949) 710-5354
Photo of Tay Sandoz, Psychologist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Tay Sandoz
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612
I specialize in working with children, families, couples, and individual adults of all ages, addressing a variety of issues including ADHD, behavioral disruption, developmental concerns, anxiety, trauma, depression, parenting, relationship challenges, and school/career support.
I specialize in working with children, families, couples, and individual adults of all ages, addressing a variety of issues including ADHD, behavioral disruption, developmental concerns, anxiety, trauma, depression, parenting, relationship challenges, and school/career support.
(949) 862-5818 View (949) 862-5818
Photo of Linh Dang, Marriage & Family Therapist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Linh Dang
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MS, MA
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612  (Online Only)
You deserve to have a safe, compassionate, non-judgmental, supportive space to heal and grow with someone you trust to truly listen to you, understand you, and be there for you. You may be going through a difficult life transition, experiencing hurt or conflict with someone significant in your life, or struggling alone too long with anxiety or depression or trauma and you don't know what to do anymore. You want to do something different to feel better and function better.
You deserve to have a safe, compassionate, non-judgmental, supportive space to heal and grow with someone you trust to truly listen to you, understand you, and be there for you. You may be going through a difficult life transition, experiencing hurt or conflict with someone significant in your life, or struggling alone too long with anxiety or depression or trauma and you don't know what to do anymore. You want to do something different to feel better and function better.
(949) 393-5937 View (949) 393-5937
Photo of Arpita Mandal in Business District, Irvine, CA
Arpita Mandal
MA, NCSP, LEP
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612
If you suspect your child may have a learning disability such as Dyslexia, ADHD, difficulty with Executive Functioning, Autism, Anxiety, Depression, or other challenges keeping them from learning in school and reaching their potential, a psychoeducational evaluation can provide you with a great deal of information to help guide what types of supports and/or services they may benefit from. Evaluations can include assessing a person's cognitive abilities, processing skills, academic achievement, social/emotional functioning, and/or adaptive behavior. Counseling services can help build capacity based on those needs.
If you suspect your child may have a learning disability such as Dyslexia, ADHD, difficulty with Executive Functioning, Autism, Anxiety, Depression, or other challenges keeping them from learning in school and reaching their potential, a psychoeducational evaluation can provide you with a great deal of information to help guide what types of supports and/or services they may benefit from. Evaluations can include assessing a person's cognitive abilities, processing skills, academic achievement, social/emotional functioning, and/or adaptive behavior. Counseling services can help build capacity based on those needs.
(949) 776-3428 View (949) 776-3428
Photo of Dr. Deborah Kirschbaum, Psychologist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Dr. Deborah Kirschbaum
Psychologist, PhD, PsyD
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612
You may be searching for a place to delve into your feelings of dissatisfaction, unhappiness, anxiety or familiar patterns of dysfunction. For over 30 years, I have worked with people struggling to understand elusive, complex patterns in their relationships at home and at work that interfere with general happiness, productivity and creativity. We work together in an intelligent, reflective manner to understand deeper realms of meaning and feelings.
You may be searching for a place to delve into your feelings of dissatisfaction, unhappiness, anxiety or familiar patterns of dysfunction. For over 30 years, I have worked with people struggling to understand elusive, complex patterns in their relationships at home and at work that interfere with general happiness, productivity and creativity. We work together in an intelligent, reflective manner to understand deeper realms of meaning and feelings.
(949) 215-5400 View (949) 215-5400
Photo of Sadaf Rahman-Mayet, Marriage & Family Therapist in Business District, Irvine, CA
Sadaf Rahman-Mayet
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Business District, Irvine, CA 92612  (Online Only)
The most important predictor of a successful therapeutic experience is a positive, collaborative relationship with your therapist. If you feel supported and safe, deep healing and meaningful change can occur. I am dedicated to fostering a culturally sensitive, honest, and containing space to help you work through the struggles of your inner and outer world.
The most important predictor of a successful therapeutic experience is a positive, collaborative relationship with your therapist. If you feel supported and safe, deep healing and meaningful change can occur. I am dedicated to fostering a culturally sensitive, honest, and containing space to help you work through the struggles of your inner and outer world.
(949) 989-6693 View (949) 989-6693

See more therapy options for Business District, Irvine

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Business District, Irvine, CA

300+

Average cost per session

$171

Therapists in Business District, Irvine, CA who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
87% Depression
73% Relationship Issues
73% Stress
71% Life Transitions
67% Trauma and PTSD
65% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

66% Cigna and Evernorth
60% Aetna
48% Anthem | Elevance

How Therapists in Business District, Irvine, CA see their clients

65% In Person and Online
35% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
15% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Business District, Irvine?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.