Therapists in Burbank, Hayward, CA

Photo of Shawan M. Worsley, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Shawan M. Worsley
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, LPCC
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541  (Online Only)
Welcome! As a licensed therapist in the SF Bay Area, I provide online video therapy to individuals with unique cultural identities. My goal as a therapist is to create a safe space that will enable you to ignite your inner strengths and achieve your life goals. I provide individual and family therapy for a range of issues, including anxiety, depression, trauma, stress, grief, family conflict and relationship difficulties. I specialize in working with women struggling with issues related to motherhood and with people of color grappling with issues related to race and racism.
Welcome! As a licensed therapist in the SF Bay Area, I provide online video therapy to individuals with unique cultural identities. My goal as a therapist is to create a safe space that will enable you to ignite your inner strengths and achieve your life goals. I provide individual and family therapy for a range of issues, including anxiety, depression, trauma, stress, grief, family conflict and relationship difficulties. I specialize in working with women struggling with issues related to motherhood and with people of color grappling with issues related to race and racism.
(510) 681-2766 View (510) 681-2766
Photo of Monica M Brown, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Monica M Brown
Marriage & Family Therapist, MFT
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
I am a licensed psychotherapist working with individuals, families, couples, adolescents, children, and groups using EMDR, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy,Dialectical Behavior Therapy, and humanistic modalities.I embrace cultural diversity and am experienced with treating a broad spectrum of clinical issues such as trauma/PTSD, anxiety, depression,addictions,grief and loss, marital, relationship,life issues, and stress management among others.I work with all ages, starting from age 3 on up.
I am a licensed psychotherapist working with individuals, families, couples, adolescents, children, and groups using EMDR, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy,Dialectical Behavior Therapy, and humanistic modalities.I embrace cultural diversity and am experienced with treating a broad spectrum of clinical issues such as trauma/PTSD, anxiety, depression,addictions,grief and loss, marital, relationship,life issues, and stress management among others.I work with all ages, starting from age 3 on up.
(510) 985-4539 View (510) 985-4539
Photo of Susan Pease, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Susan Pease
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
I am committed to collaboratively working with you in a safe environment to provide support in your endeavor toward a solution to your unique and special needs. I provide therapy to families and couples, as well as individual teens and adults. I assist clients in dealing with stress of illness, cultural and life transitions, personal growth and development, and relationships.
I am committed to collaboratively working with you in a safe environment to provide support in your endeavor toward a solution to your unique and special needs. I provide therapy to families and couples, as well as individual teens and adults. I assist clients in dealing with stress of illness, cultural and life transitions, personal growth and development, and relationships.
(510) 344-6322 View (510) 344-6322
Photo of Wendy S Miller, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Wendy S Miller
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
Therapy is about change. What I enjoy most about my work is witnessing people make real changes in their lives and relationships. Many people have habitual ways of thinking, acting and interacting that do not lead to the outcomes they hope for in life. I see my role as therapist as one of helping people become more aware of the choices they make that do or don't work for them. Through better self understanding, people are able to change internal or relational habits and achieve greater satisfaction in relationships and in life in general.
Therapy is about change. What I enjoy most about my work is witnessing people make real changes in their lives and relationships. Many people have habitual ways of thinking, acting and interacting that do not lead to the outcomes they hope for in life. I see my role as therapist as one of helping people become more aware of the choices they make that do or don't work for them. Through better self understanding, people are able to change internal or relational habits and achieve greater satisfaction in relationships and in life in general.
(925) 308-5975 View (925) 308-5975
Photo of Veronica I Macapagal, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Veronica I Macapagal
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
The focus is you. People who are experiencing anxiety, depression, grief, and loss sometimes forget that they matter. Other things become more important. When we work together, the most important person is you. We work on getting you better emotionally, physically and spiritually. Then you can heal and have a more balanced life. My clients tell me they appreciate how we get them unstuck in difficult times. They find hope and get energized about their life. I work well with cultural, biracial, multiracial and faith based situations. I have helped many individuals, couples, families and children achieve their goals.
The focus is you. People who are experiencing anxiety, depression, grief, and loss sometimes forget that they matter. Other things become more important. When we work together, the most important person is you. We work on getting you better emotionally, physically and spiritually. Then you can heal and have a more balanced life. My clients tell me they appreciate how we get them unstuck in difficult times. They find hope and get energized about their life. I work well with cultural, biracial, multiracial and faith based situations. I have helped many individuals, couples, families and children achieve their goals.
(510) 662-6294 View (510) 662-6294
Photo of Kamal Freiha, Psychologist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Kamal Freiha
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
I am a clinical psychologist based in the San Francisco Bay/East Bay area. My practice includes psychotherapy and evaluation for couples and adults. I am also available for teaching, training, consultation, and supervision in a wide array of settings. My style is warm, interactive, and assertive, and I like to check in with my clients about how they feel about the work we are doing together.
I am a clinical psychologist based in the San Francisco Bay/East Bay area. My practice includes psychotherapy and evaluation for couples and adults. I am also available for teaching, training, consultation, and supervision in a wide array of settings. My style is warm, interactive, and assertive, and I like to check in with my clients about how they feel about the work we are doing together.
(510) 398-4154 View (510) 398-4154
Photo of Esther Wei, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Esther Wei
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, LAADC, ICAADC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
An individual adult or couple who may benefit from seeing Esther has probably said to themselves, "My life is stuck in a rut or falling apart" or "We are so frustrated with dealing with each other!" Esther assists clients in untangling blurry webs of feelings, thoughts, and interactions in order to bring clarity to issues that may be the source of great pain and dissatisfaction. Esther provides a safe, empathetic environment that allows clients to feel heard and supported, especially when struggling with marital/relationship problems, depression/anxiety, trauma, and addiction/codependency.
An individual adult or couple who may benefit from seeing Esther has probably said to themselves, "My life is stuck in a rut or falling apart" or "We are so frustrated with dealing with each other!" Esther assists clients in untangling blurry webs of feelings, thoughts, and interactions in order to bring clarity to issues that may be the source of great pain and dissatisfaction. Esther provides a safe, empathetic environment that allows clients to feel heard and supported, especially when struggling with marital/relationship problems, depression/anxiety, trauma, and addiction/codependency.
(510) 900-5285 View (510) 900-5285
Photo of Judith Linzer, Psychologist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Judith Linzer
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541  (Online Only)
Are you living a life of "quiet desperation"? Get to the bottom of your problems by connecting with yourself. Psychotherapy can help identify and overcome blocks that prevent you from being your real self. Are you repeating patterns from childhood despite your best efforts not to? Those patterns were likely formed early in childhood as a survival mechanism and now that you no longer need those patterns, they feel like a prison. Psychotherapy provides the key that opens the door. If you are afraid that you cannot do this, please do not sell yourself short and give yourself a chance.
Are you living a life of "quiet desperation"? Get to the bottom of your problems by connecting with yourself. Psychotherapy can help identify and overcome blocks that prevent you from being your real self. Are you repeating patterns from childhood despite your best efforts not to? Those patterns were likely formed early in childhood as a survival mechanism and now that you no longer need those patterns, they feel like a prison. Psychotherapy provides the key that opens the door. If you are afraid that you cannot do this, please do not sell yourself short and give yourself a chance.
(510) 858-0649 View (510) 858-0649
Photo of Dr. Renata Way, Psychologist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Dr. Renata Way
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541  (Online Only)
I am a licensed clinical psychologist with many years of experience working with children, adolescents, and their families, as well as adults. My interventions are heavily rooted in behavioral therapy and evidence-based practices including feminist and attachment theories. However, I tend to conceptualize clinical presentations from a multicultural and social justice perspective. While I employ empirically validated treatments to ignite change, I am also of the belief that there is no single story to any individual. Consequently, it is important to understand the social, cultural, political, and spiritual context of each individual.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist with many years of experience working with children, adolescents, and their families, as well as adults. My interventions are heavily rooted in behavioral therapy and evidence-based practices including feminist and attachment theories. However, I tend to conceptualize clinical presentations from a multicultural and social justice perspective. While I employ empirically validated treatments to ignite change, I am also of the belief that there is no single story to any individual. Consequently, it is important to understand the social, cultural, political, and spiritual context of each individual.
(510) 369-1988 View (510) 369-1988
Photo of Sandra Isabel Zuniga, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Sandra Isabel Zuniga
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, AMFT
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541  (Online Only)
Are you someone who is often taking care of or thinking about others? Do you struggle to find time for your needs? Do you feel overwhelmed with everyday demands? Do you feel unseen or without a voice? Maybe you have been told you are too much or you want too much, but your needs and desires tell a story. Will you allow yourself to tell it? Asking for help can be difficult and wondering how things could change might be scary, but you do not have to do this alone. Every day I support people who struggle with these same issues and more. I want to invite you to take the first step so you can get the support you need and deserve.
Are you someone who is often taking care of or thinking about others? Do you struggle to find time for your needs? Do you feel overwhelmed with everyday demands? Do you feel unseen or without a voice? Maybe you have been told you are too much or you want too much, but your needs and desires tell a story. Will you allow yourself to tell it? Asking for help can be difficult and wondering how things could change might be scary, but you do not have to do this alone. Every day I support people who struggle with these same issues and more. I want to invite you to take the first step so you can get the support you need and deserve.
(510) 216-1576 View (510) 216-1576
Photo of Terren Hinojosa, Pre-Licensed Professional in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Terren Hinojosa
Pre-Licensed Professional, ACSW
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
“Mental health…is not a destination, but a process. It's about how you drive, not where you're going" Noam Shpancer. I am honored that you chose me to be part of your journey. Make your mental health your priority.
“Mental health…is not a destination, but a process. It's about how you drive, not where you're going" Noam Shpancer. I am honored that you chose me to be part of your journey. Make your mental health your priority.
(209) 330-5152 View (209) 330-5152
Photo of Navneet Thind, Psychologist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Navneet Thind
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
Hi, my name is Navneet Thind and I am a licensed Psychologist based in Northern California. While I welcome working with all ages, my focus lies in working with adolescents and emerging adults (18-30). I specialize in mood disorders, Autism, ADHD, anxiety, relational concerns, and psychological sequelae following chronic pain or chronic health conditions. I use a range of therapeutic approaches based on each client’s unique needs.
Hi, my name is Navneet Thind and I am a licensed Psychologist based in Northern California. While I welcome working with all ages, my focus lies in working with adolescents and emerging adults (18-30). I specialize in mood disorders, Autism, ADHD, anxiety, relational concerns, and psychological sequelae following chronic pain or chronic health conditions. I use a range of therapeutic approaches based on each client’s unique needs.
(530) 464-6258 View (530) 464-6258
Photo of New Insight 2 Life Faith-based Coaching, Mentoring, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Burbank, Hayward, CA
New Insight 2 Life Faith-based Coaching, Mentoring
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, PhD, AMFT, MCPC
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541  (Online Only)
I believe that Spiritual healing is as important as emotional & physical healing. I began working as a christian counselor over 5 years ago and I have witnessed authentic, holistic and complete healing from the inside out, within the lives of many. I am passionate about working with people, especially in the Faith-based community. I embrace the opportunity to support those in the faith-based community who desire integrating their faith and foundational beliefs into their restoration and healing process.
I believe that Spiritual healing is as important as emotional & physical healing. I began working as a christian counselor over 5 years ago and I have witnessed authentic, holistic and complete healing from the inside out, within the lives of many. I am passionate about working with people, especially in the Faith-based community. I embrace the opportunity to support those in the faith-based community who desire integrating their faith and foundational beliefs into their restoration and healing process.
(510) 858-2364 View (510) 858-2364
Photo of Blake Kerr, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Blake Kerr
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
Hi there, I'm Blake, a licensed clinical social worker. I've helped people with many issues like anxiety, depression, personality disorders, grief, divorce, severe mental diagnoses, and many more. I am trained in many different therapies and tailor a plan to each patient, rather than tailoring a patient to a plan. In my view, people used to mostly lived in close-knit communities, which has eroded with the advances in transportation and technology. Most people have lost the social support our forebearers had. Mental Health Professionals have taken on this role and are an excellent resource to improve your well-being.
Hi there, I'm Blake, a licensed clinical social worker. I've helped people with many issues like anxiety, depression, personality disorders, grief, divorce, severe mental diagnoses, and many more. I am trained in many different therapies and tailor a plan to each patient, rather than tailoring a patient to a plan. In my view, people used to mostly lived in close-knit communities, which has eroded with the advances in transportation and technology. Most people have lost the social support our forebearers had. Mental Health Professionals have taken on this role and are an excellent resource to improve your well-being.
(714) 942-0651 View (714) 942-0651
Photo of Erika Roman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Erika Roman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
Throughout my years of experience as a mental and behavioral health provider, I have learned that my drive as a psychotherapist is highlighting my clients strengths and resiliency. I have been trained in multiple evidence based practices and have worked in various settings. I specialize in trauma and utilize I-CBT/TF-CBT treatment modalities. I am intentional in collaborating with my clients to identify the best approach based on their needs. I am passionate, creative, and transparent in my treatment approach.
Throughout my years of experience as a mental and behavioral health provider, I have learned that my drive as a psychotherapist is highlighting my clients strengths and resiliency. I have been trained in multiple evidence based practices and have worked in various settings. I specialize in trauma and utilize I-CBT/TF-CBT treatment modalities. I am intentional in collaborating with my clients to identify the best approach based on their needs. I am passionate, creative, and transparent in my treatment approach.
(559) 423-8788 View (559) 423-8788
Photo of Onaje Smartt, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Onaje Smartt
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
I work with all clients who are willing and able to work on their relationships, whether that be a relationship with themselves or with a family member or significant other. I am most comfortable treating couples who are struggling with communication, conflict resolution, intimacy, and trust. I also work with individuals who are struggling with issues such as sex, anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem. I believe that everyone has the potential for healthy relationships, and I am committed to helping my clients reach their full potential.
I work with all clients who are willing and able to work on their relationships, whether that be a relationship with themselves or with a family member or significant other. I am most comfortable treating couples who are struggling with communication, conflict resolution, intimacy, and trust. I also work with individuals who are struggling with issues such as sex, anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem. I believe that everyone has the potential for healthy relationships, and I am committed to helping my clients reach their full potential.
(626) 779-8566 View (626) 779-8566
Photo of Mark Kuntz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Mark Kuntz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
My name is Mark Kuntz and I am a licensed clinical Social Worker. My area of focus is adults and older adults focused on issues of grief and loss, role transition, interpersonal conflict, depression, anxiety, and trauma. I typically work with clients experiencing grief or loss, role transitions, interpersonal conflict, anxiety, depression, and trauma. My approach to therapy utilizes Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), Interpersonal (IPT), and Motivational Interviewing Therapeutic techniques.
My name is Mark Kuntz and I am a licensed clinical Social Worker. My area of focus is adults and older adults focused on issues of grief and loss, role transition, interpersonal conflict, depression, anxiety, and trauma. I typically work with clients experiencing grief or loss, role transitions, interpersonal conflict, anxiety, depression, and trauma. My approach to therapy utilizes Cognitive Behavioral (CBT), Interpersonal (IPT), and Motivational Interviewing Therapeutic techniques.
(619) 349-9093 View (619) 349-9093
Photo of Marta Herrera-White, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Marta Herrera-White
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
Hi! Thank you for taking the time to read my profile. I am a licensed clinical social worker with 14+ years of clinical experience. I am a certified Interpersonal Psychotherapist (IPT), Certified Perinatal Mental Health (PMH-C), and trained in Hakomi Mindful Somatic Psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). I believe my reason in life is to serve, empower, and help people on their journey toward becoming their best selves. I followed my passion for assisting people to thrive by obtaining a BA in Psychology and Social Behavior at UC Irvine and an MSW in 2007 from CSULB.
Hi! Thank you for taking the time to read my profile. I am a licensed clinical social worker with 14+ years of clinical experience. I am a certified Interpersonal Psychotherapist (IPT), Certified Perinatal Mental Health (PMH-C), and trained in Hakomi Mindful Somatic Psychotherapy and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). I believe my reason in life is to serve, empower, and help people on their journey toward becoming their best selves. I followed my passion for assisting people to thrive by obtaining a BA in Psychology and Social Behavior at UC Irvine and an MSW in 2007 from CSULB.
(909) 345-8231 View (909) 345-8231
Photo of Juli M. Caruso, Marriage & Family Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Juli M. Caruso
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT , MS, PPSC
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
I’m seeing clients in person and via zoom. Do you need to be heard with out judgement? In my office I provide a safe, compassionate environment where all can be who they want to be. Crisis, trauma, anxiety, self esteem, grief... we all struggle and need a place to be heard.
I’m seeing clients in person and via zoom. Do you need to be heard with out judgement? In my office I provide a safe, compassionate environment where all can be who they want to be. Crisis, trauma, anxiety, self esteem, grief... we all struggle and need a place to be heard.
(510) 200-2004 View (510) 200-2004
Photo of Jesus Mendoza, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Burbank, Hayward, CA
Jesus Mendoza
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Burbank, Hayward, CA 94541
Hola, my name is Jesus Mendoza, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker working with clients statewide via Telehealth. My goal is to provide a safe space to aid in one’s journey toward healing by learning safe coping skills, emotion regulation, and communication techniques. I emphasize finding one’s true authentic self. I have found that my style works well with teens and adults with past trauma, current stressors, or difficulty with certain life transitions.
Hola, my name is Jesus Mendoza, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker working with clients statewide via Telehealth. My goal is to provide a safe space to aid in one’s journey toward healing by learning safe coping skills, emotion regulation, and communication techniques. I emphasize finding one’s true authentic self. I have found that my style works well with teens and adults with past trauma, current stressors, or difficulty with certain life transitions.
(408) 706-2650 View (408) 706-2650

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Burbank, Hayward, CA

20+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Burbank, Hayward, CA who prioritize treating:

89% Depression
85% Anxiety
81% Relationship Issues
81% Coping Skills
78% Family Conflict
70% Self Esteem
67% Grief

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

81% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
75% Optum
69% Aetna

How Therapists in Burbank, Hayward, CA see their clients

71% In Person and Online
29% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Burbank, Hayward?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.